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About The Springfield news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1916-2006 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 24, 1918)
TIIUH9PAY, OCT. 24, 1.918.;
Give tf Scrub a Chance
Many so-called icwl) tows, It fresh
ened jn this fatt and given the right
Islnd of'fco and treatment during the
'winter beforo coming 6n -grass for the
latter i art of their, lactation porlod.
"wouldjproro to bo money makers.
This sewns; to be supported fully bo
records ot cow-tcstlng association's.
Asks More Winter Wheat
The government Is asking; Lane
county farmers to Increaso their win
tor wheat acroago as part ot the Na
tional, wheat program for 1919.
Thoxporcentngo Increase, assigned to
Lane county Is 15 for mtnlmumand 40
for maximum acreage. In other words
Lane county ralse.d, somo- 7,000 acres
of winter wheat Jast year, and the gov
ernment desires this acroago to bo ln
creased -to. botweea,.S.5M ,aad.,9,500 f or
the coming season.
The- coantry.-P aeds a reserve sur
plus of wheat The largo acroago
needed to create this reserve can heat
he obtained by safeguarding the pro
dacrisK, of winter wheat make tho
acreage larger thari ever before.
To Lane county farmers who have
-well lned lands,, try aad Increase
your winter wheat, acreage, aad .help
the government In one of the Hfost Im
portant lines ot defense work ot the
'Winning the War .
Thls'ls the. story ohow one farmer,
hampered by poor Help and a difficult
labor situation, tied his business In
with jwar needs and won out. Milk
ing cows and pitching hay for so many
dollars a month are dull jobs, but
milking cows and pitching hay to whx
the war are altogether different pro
positions. He .is the owner of a dairy farm not
many miles from a large city and from
several army cantonments. His dairy
supplies milk for thB army. He has
found bis output continually hampered
by the "turnover" ot his labor. ,
Many agricultural laborers are in
the habit of. shifting their Jobs. Some
do not like to stay long In one .place.
Others may work a few months and
then go to the city, spend what they
have learned, and look for work some- j
whero 'else. All these considerations
make; for a waste of time at "critical
hours, a waste In breaking in new
men,and a big waste in lack of inter
est in the work.
It struck thl3 young farmer that it
"would be good business ror himself
and the country if he could minimise
-Talking Machine Started It
One hot evening, not many months
ago, while the' men were lounging un
der the trees, the owner of the farm
got hi3 talking machine out on the
porch and fed ft "Over There" and
"Good Bye, Broadway; Hello France!"
Questions followed and' presently the
farmer .found himself- talking to his
men about tha war. , He began to tell
them of the western front and the dif
ference between the Hindenburg and
the Foch method-of attack. The men
seldom read newspapers, so he con
ceived the idea of a bulletin board
Bews poster. Upon it he parted type
written abstracts of the day's war and
sporting news, the happenings -of the
farm, and short editorials having to do
with both local and patriotic subjects.
Once a week now he holds his open
air forum. Sometimes he talks to the
men himself. The milk from the farm
goes to engineers and to marines at
their respective camps. It is a vital
food, especially In the hospital. He
drills into his force this fact that if
a man cannot get into a uniform him
self he can light the Hun by feeding
the men who can.
One of tha farm workers had been
an aviator who was injured in service.
He told the farm family at weekly
meetings about 'hedge hops" and
"spiral dips." A Canadian from one
of tho camps came down and related
his experiences at the front. Men
from other war "work tell tho story of
what they are trying to do.
Thrift Stamps as Bonus.
Then the farm owner began to ex
periment still farther; At the end of
the month hp turned over to each man
over and above his wages a $5 war
savings stamp as his part of the farm
profits. Ho exp'alned that only by
closo cooper tlon could the venturo
to made a success. He got the dairy
Inspector to pick tho best kept sec
tions of the barn and gave additional
prizes to the men in charge of them.
He offered premiums for Ideas show
ing how the work could bo done bet
ter or in less time.
The men woke up to an interest in
the farm, Most of them had' lived
from hand to mouth all their lives.
They began to invest in -war savings
stamps. Some of them started sav
ings ' accounts. They crowded around
each new bulletin to seo what tho
allies' were doing in tho big battlp of
Tho result" is' amazing. The farm
activities have speeded up to war-time
efficiency. Instead .of chucktag" their
Jobs nt the end of a mouth' or two tho
aen-feel JtnWjrWjrrire" a part' of "the
arm family; They sco thai no part
cf tho farm work can bo ncgloctod
without dragging on tho whole.
Whether a man raises feed or milk
ows or gets iho milk to mnrkot, ho
cannot got laty without hamlfcnpplng
he whole output.
Men Are Thinking.
BVr the first time In their lives the
men nro roally thinking; and tfioy nro
thinking in terms of patrloUsn, This
..t..t.t.. An. I, tl.n mnAVlnn
iHiitikumi im iu, u wj, m mu luciviuiiu
that Is going to win tho war, Is work'
tng smoothly nnd without friction,
Fill Nation's Pork Barrel
Sensible Ixos management saves
only tho most destrablo sows for per
manent uso In tho breeding herd, ac
cording to tho specialists ot tho United i
Stntos Department ot Agriculture who
are striving to effect maximum pork
production under . economical moth
Tho methods of many hog ratsors, ,
they point out. are out ot Joint wtu
tho almanac. That is to cay, many
farmers waste valuable tlmo perhaps
too late In trying to cure hog ail
ments, when they readily could havo
prevented these troubles by sensible
and seasonable management Tho
skater who sharpens his blades after
spring has come n order to enjoy tho J ..i.mu6
i nMhft ,,. .-inr u nf fi, nm.8ows for tho plff crop of noxt spring
lce ot tho past winter is of tho same nro0riv cnrlne for tha anl-
pattern as tho hog raiser who In tho uj b S nL
.!,, .i.i,o. .ht i,.i m nials during tho winter and seeing to
iim.tr mr.nr-,.nn .inrinrf ti. vivi.
. " " "' .
ous period of cold weather.
Tho Federal Department advises1
that all breeders should exorciso con
scientious and painstaking care in tho
selection ot sows tor permanent main
tenance in the breeding herd. Tho
animals should be of good length, full
depth, showing plenty of vitality as
well as tho inclination to take suffi
cient exercise. Th,ey should not bo
skimped on starvation rations or halt
feeds but rather should receive a full
fattening allowanco which, broadly in
terpreted, means that tho porkers
should receive about all that they will
eat with respect to" economical meth
ods of pork production.
Green Foods Essential.
It is highly desirable that tho sows
to be bred in-the fall should, havo ac
cess to green forage crops as long as
any such materials are available. Tho
sow- realizes Immeasurable benefit
from rustling about for the bulk of her
feed. The method insures to tho fe
male porker tbo exercise necessary
to maintain her Jn the condition favor
ing good litters of pigs. As on man)
hog farms relatively littlo green feed
Is available during tho plg-rajslng
periods, It Is imperative that tho !ndl-
vidual farmer provide.plenty of food.t
maklnc It necosaarv for thn sows tn I
exercise in the procuring of this food.
Many successful farmers maintain
, .rZ '
feed their brood sows all the
mat tno animals will eat. Some fal-
lacy may be apparent In this state-1
ment unless tho reader Is thoroughly 1
familiar with tho conditions! under
which this plentiful use of grain Is
practiced, Tho general plan ot feed
ing corn is to scatter it in the ear. over
the fields where, tho. sows may hustle,
after it It Is hard work to scoop corn
from a wagon which is driven through
the field. A much easier and more
practlcal plan is to fill the manure leased men for service by undertaking
spreader with e3r corn and to adjust their work. To the Y. W. C. A., 'the
the machine so that tho grain will be ! best big sister In the world,' has been
well scattered. This process possibly ', committed by the government nnd mill
may look wasteful, especially Jn view authorlt,es tue serious rcspon.
nf iho r,,rrfln ri f - , .".J 1 1 Ibi Ity of directing the thought, crcat
Li wrn P ' , th.'"g the environment and furnishing
feeder will bo careful and notIstri- tho Inat0rlal needs ot this army of
buto an excessive quantity he-wlll 6trjs. Already 105 hostess houses havo
find that tho hogs will make efficient been opened, War Service Clubs organ-
vsq of all this grain.
The department spciallsts recom
mend tho supplementary use of tank
age, shorts or middlings, oil meal, and
ground alfalfa hay with tho corn. It
is hoped that ilsh meal may also be-'
come available soon for the uso of
hog growers, as 'this material has been
demonstrated useful at tarikdge for
pork production. Under , existing
freight conditions it would lm imnmo.
ticahlo to nttfcmnr fi. .ui.,.n
fish meal among tho Pacific Coast
hog producers, although lt can be used
successfully in tho Atlantic and Gulf
Use of Alfalfa.
' - . ... f uuvtttUilU(l Ul
Careful test by the Department of,
Agriculture indicates tho value of'
grinding alfalfa hay, soaking it for 24
hours in barrels containing hot water,
adding a little salt, and possibly otto
half bushel or more of shorts to a bar
rel of feed and giving tho mixture to
the sows In the form of a thick slop.
It is suggested that tho preferable
time for feeding this slop Is tho morn
Ing, so that during tho balance of the
day tho animals can rusflo about for
corn.' Good alfalfa hay should also
bo available fn convenient racks so
that tho sows1 can eat this roughage
as they pleaso,
Ono of the most important matters,
and undoubtedly tthq ono which Js
most commonly neglected ,ln Iho pro
per batfdllng of hogs, is 'to. supply tbi)
pprkers with an abundance ot clean,
pure drinking, wnlor. For this pur-,
poso somo automatlo Watering dovtco
or .liome-mado convenience ot this na
ture should provide tho hogs con- J
stnntly -with water. Without quos-1
Uom wnter Is tho cheapest material
used In pork production, and tho Im
portance ot having It supplied In
quantity nnd proper quality cannot bo
overestimated. Jtogs should not bo
.' forced to drink from an icy tank nor
ftltnitlil tll.tV lift limVlllAll Willi mitv A
,..,.....,. ...... -
i.iuucu supply ,;0 ur vwivv
A tank heater or a properly protected
gravity systom will control tho former
nvll xvlitln n nnrtiinnonf nnd iliinnnil.
evil, whtlo n permanent and depend -
able supply ot water will overcomo
....At 'present the stupendous task of
filling tho world's pork barrol falls td
tno ,ot of tho American farmer. This
rosult Is possible only through n mar
kedly increased production. Accord
tng to tho dplntbh of tho department
officials thoro Is no mora patrlotlo duty
that the Arnerlc
vlded attention to every littlo detail"
of hog Management during tho coming
winter and spring, so that tho sows
may be proporly-attended to, favoring!
maximum llttors which may bo grown j
to maturity with a minimum ot mor-
talttr. Bv wlaolv selecting tho brood
!" tlmt every pig Is saved at farrowing
,K . 1 -.1 til
on, oa PornunB vamauio Burvicea
for this country and the nlllos, but
they also will bo laying' up funds for
Investment in Liberty bonds and war-.
NOW YOUR MONEY
''n H "irTvn II
WILL HELP "EOYS
Official Statement of Sovon
Great Welfare Organizations.
... , .u , ! si these activities.
Citizens of Oregon, in tho week oi, ., . , ,
v, . , ,,. , ,, i "AH that General Pershing vnrt
November 11-3 S, will respond to the . . , . ,.
..n .i ii. w nrrt. ri now Is the Success of tho American
call ot the United War Work Campaign . . - ., . .,. .
, , . , , ' ..,... 1 boys in France, and to avoid, so far
for funds, to make happy and effective ' , ' . . ,,i,-.. .,
,,,..,. .1. v.nnn ,.1,.1'ts pcsslblc, any glory for himself,
the fighting men of tho Nation. That;. , .'.,, ,,,,.
,,,.. ,., ..t,i,, ,.. .'declared James F. Pershing, brotinr
the citizens will uphold the common. , , ,,., . fVl ,
,.,.,.- ,,,, , j, of America's leader In tno field, In an
wealth s notable record In doing Its . . . ., . , ,,...,.., ,,.
, .. ,!, address dellvorod In Portland rccantly
, nr Undl " behalf of the United War Work
granted, once the needs aro under- wh)ch opcn(j Novwn)pr n Th0
; ......... .'speaker paid a tributo to tho men In
Oregon's quota in the Jo nt drive ol thQ ronk Md avo LIa auaience an
the seven, great orBanizations doing ,dCtt of Ul0 h, CHtom ,n wh,ch tho
war service work Is 7i0,Q00,. .Presi-, . Ua , .... . ,.,, ..,,
UCUk HUDUU UULUVilACU tuia uuuvu I
uYo uuu ..uuicu lu "
ine purposes ior wnicu iuu
funds are needed and to which thoy
are dedicated are vital to the war's
success. - I
' Thc Y M- C' h,as moro tban 2100.0
u"lB, n .l"B .er "t - .
ministering to the boys overseas, in
Iiuia in ma ureal uavuir mik iuu 10
..niTi Irtfivlnp- llnrlnnA ttnth.
ine If mn ilo to hnln them. In America
the "Y" Is In every camD and canton
mont It Is with thc boys "crossing
over" and, at request ot the War De-
partmcnt, has recently Joined in the
task of Instructing selcctlves even be
fore they are called.
War work of tho Y. W. C. A. is thus
outlined by Mrs. William MacMastcr,
"Already avc have la this country
2,000,000 women doing actual war
work, whllo another 2,000,000 havo re-
ized, the Patriotic Lcaguo created,
nurses sent where .needed and now we
aro .asked to furnish emergency hous
ing for thousands of girl war workers."
j John W. Kelley, ussoclate drive di
rector, says of the Knlguts of
j "Knights of Columbus halls are In
operation in all canonments, training
'camps and naval Stations In tho United
States and the halls pre also establish-
ea wun ine American cxpcuuiuiiary
Forces in France, Italy,
In France, Italy, Russia and
England. Tho motto is 'Everybody
Welcome', service being given lrrespecj
tlvo of race, creed, or rank. Millions'
of cigarettes, pipes, bouillon cubes, gum
packages arid tona of chocolate havo1
been 'given free to the soldiers over
seas, Ono of the specialties Is the pro
motion of athletics and a considerable
Item In tho buugct is for baseball oqujp-.-tnent,
boxlnx gloves, etc. In the war
lone tho troops aro followed with
motor trucks which are virtually
traveling huts, fully stbeked with ath
letic goods, stationery, cigarettes, and
Needs and activities of the Jewish
Welfare Board, explained by Den Sell
"In one year the number of our field
representatives has grown from 10 to
B13. Now we are faced with tbo de
mand for 400 additional workers in
this country and 100 overseas, Tho
money going into our fund pays nec
essary expenses and salaries, furnishes
Bibles and prayerbooks by the thou'-'
lands'aud letterheads and envelopes "by
the million, and provides camp, edu
rational and recreational activities for.
the flgbtqrs, feeth here aad abroad."
-! n- nt i , . u .."
"War Camp Comniunlty Korvice,
ixplalns Emory OlniRtead, state chair
man, "developed from tho co'mmtsslon
treated by tho War and Navy Depart
went, first known aa tho Kosdlok Com
aitialon. Tho community Is Its parllo;
alar field nnd thousands of workers
iro assisting tho towns In caring for
rliltlng soldiers nnd sailors, providing
Nholesomn nmusomont and clonii roo
rentlon nnd surrounding tho camps
with hospitality." ,
Functions of tho Amorlcan Library
Association, says Wll am L. llrowster.
itato chairman, nro "to provldo books
ind reading matter to tho soldiers and
iatlors through cooporatlns agencies
- Vrt . oS.
f . ...
md directly." Thirty library build
'aientsj 3,7b0,ooo donated uoous uis-
J ;rlbutcd ; 1,000,000 booko and tons or
; oiagnxlnes sent abroad. . and (JOO.OOO
( needed military technical books bought
. lmf itlvnn llin trinti.'1 ' ' '
. md given tho men
These nro some things tho Salvation
J htmy docs, according to O. C Boris-
"On lines of communication our huts
iro open day and night. Then, follow
ing their methods, our men and women
to right to tho trenches and dtstrlbuto
hocolato, coffee, doughnut, and pics.
' sixty per cent of 'the HfoO Workers are
, KOmeA. We have aow 703 huts aad
C" , teudlh abroad 100.000
HbK8HNQ WARNS OF GERMAN
Germany's efforts to involvo tho
United States and her Allies Into a
- "T:" " ,
consideration of peace terms and an
armistice did not Impress jamrs F.
Porshlug, brother of General Pershing.
hn ,. vin fnp. M, .
Pershing, who was In Oregon recently
ln the interest of tho United War work ,
drive, which opens November 11, cab
ttoned the American pooplo against
tho too-common tendency to becomo
'apathetic under the Idea that peace
, and tho cessation of hostilities are at
"When heaven Is ready to negotiate
with hid!" ho declared, "then will
Amctlca bo ready to mako peace with
; vib. ..' iw.. w ...v I..--"--
being done In Kuropo by tho V. M. C.
A., Knights ot Columbus, Salvation
Army and other agcnclCB, and called
on Americans to respond liberally" In
supporting the campaign about to open
for ralsInK money with which to carry
,no snoweu uiu miionancu uj war
work In this country as an Imperative
,. . .ho viP.orv of t)lo. AIIioa
m u "battIeB for Democracy. and
d that nQ dlmunlUon , 8paed bo
.. . . . .
nllowcd to result through recent peace
proposals. Unqualified Indorsement
TTnftn.l Wnr Work firlvn wna
ot tho United Wnr Work drjvo was
voiced by Mr. Pershing who Is ono of
the leading authorities on conditions
now ' existing along tho battlctront,
and lib was especially desirous that
thero be no relaxation 6f efforts In
behalf of tho soveral war work funds.
1 n hours on one filling with Pearl Oil, the ever vCff jE -xrci;sssk
I iftil H .btaInal,j'caJue'' N or odor, 'yortable taT jfSM' """""l
1E RF E CT1QS,
OIL H EAT ER
A. H. SPRAOUE, Special Agt, Standard Oil Co., Eugtine, Oregon1 ' 1
DEALERS ' T- ,V ' '' '
Chambers Hdw. Co., Eugene, Ore, Mpnroo Hardware Company, Eu '
j, W, Quackenbush &'Son, Eugene geno, Oregon, ( tt fir
Oregon. Ax Dllly Department .Storey 'Eu- i ' , ...
Thompson Hdw, Co., Eugene, Ore. gene, Oregon,
UNITED WAR FUND
Even End of Hostilities Would
Not Change 1 Ills.
ThftilfOi (lift wnf atintilil nnriHA Im.
. nicJll,tojy lt u fM tlmt ovory ccnt 0j
Ul0 fcno.GoO.OOO sought In tho United
War Work campaign In tho United
, States, for tho seven approved organ;
' Unions ministering to tho Amorlcan
, fighters, will bu needed Just tho same.
This Is the word ot lenders of the
fund-rnlslug campaign and their ex
i plnnntlon Is enstly comprehended. In
tho first plaoe, It him been officially
estimated that 18 months to tWo years
' must olnpao beforo all tho American
boys enn bo returned from foreign
i soil. Thero nro tho mon Ct many othor
, ' ... " ... '
i uiu mil vitlin, mt mu Muuiuui ui uunm
for uso of tho Yankoo will bo limited.
Then, there Is alto tho fact that thou
sands must remain te long as tbo grc.t
properllra and stores of the United
States havo not ben disposed at or
Immediate cessation ot war sctlvl
ties In Europe would plainly; create,
grave problems connected with the
care of tbo men. Remove tho great
motive which actuates ovcry man at
tho front today nnd throw him into
dull Inactivity, with nothing much to
do but await ho chance to return to
homo and loved ones, and tho work ot
keeping him cheerful Increases In mag
nitude. The soldier welfare organiza
tions forcsco all phases of this grave
contingency. They foresee how great
would be tno nwd for reading matter,
Do you want to gut a good 'book to
a soldier, sailor or marine? OIVB to
tho American Library Association.
GIVE to tho war welfare agencies
nnd keep up tho morale of our fight
Iuk forces. .
More and Cheaper Fish Qfjl V lifl
Honest Livelihood ! 0U A. PIU
Higher Priced Fishj
Pleasure Seekers ,
Waste of Food Fishj
Keep tho price of fish down. Help production of fioh.
VOTE 307 X NO
Rend argument In State election pamphlet.
Oregon City, Oregon - - (Paid Advt.)
Clackamas County Flshormen's Union, Androw Nntorlln, Socty.,
I os Angolos. Ont. 24,Jlm .Jeffries,
armor heavyweight champion, is III
horo wjtli Infltlonxn. Two physlcfan
nro fn 'attendance and thoy roplirlcd
today that while tha caso wna soy cm
thoy onw hollovod .Toff would rotovcr.
Just'co K, A. Mooro of tho Uuprcnio
Court dlod last month, ton Into for ho
unino of any ennd'dato to succeed hi in
to bo placed on tho llnllot. This con
dition makes It noconxtry U wrlto.ln
tho namo of your candidate,
Thin lh tho most Important position
In tho Judicial systom of tho Stnto. .
It is ossontlnl to cIioubo n nmn'of
oxtcnslvo lojrtl training, of hlgli clinr".
actor, and of broad vision. Wo corn,
mend tov your consideration and voto
J. II. CAMPBELL
OF OREQON CITY
Resident or the State 30' rears! law.
yer .forB yaars;, vttraa,or Sanlsli-
Aaisrlcan "War. Nd .IjHilPPtaslilnsuP
rectfpn, having served wlUCSsd. Ore
gon Hogfrabntr mwnber 'of -Oregon
Lfegtslaturn In lfr07 and 1999. sessions:
Judge ot the 6th Judfdlal District 9
In all these positions ho hasmada
His record na. n prlvato citizen and
public official has boon above crltl
chin. Write in his name at the
General Election Nov? 5. '
For Justice' of the Supremo Court' to
fill vacancy caused by the death of
Justice Frank A, Moore.
Write the name of J. U. Campbell In
the above space and place an X In
front of his name.
J. U. Campbell for Supremo Court
Campaign Com., Oregon City, Oregon,
J. D. Ilutlcr, Scc'y. (Paid Adv.)
306 X YES