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About The Springfield news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1916-2006 | View Entire Issue (March 28, 1918)
THE SPRINGFIELD NEWS
THURSDAY, MARCH 28, 1018
"THE 'RICH MAN'S WAR'
A HATEFUL CALUMNY"
American Business Hen Beady to
Make Sacrifices With
TAXES HERE AND
American Taxation the Most Demo
- cratle In the World.
By OTTO H. KAHN.
Kothlns Is plainer than that business
Rnd business men had everything to
gain by preserving the conditions which
existed uuring wo rwo nnu n biui jwira
prior to April, 1017, under which many
of them made very large profits by fur
Dishing supplies, provisions and tlmm
clnl aid 'to the allied nations. Taxed
were light, and this country wna tap-
Idly becoming the great economic res
ervoir of the world,
' Ubthlng is plainer than that any sane
business man In this country must have
foreseen that. If America entered tho
war, these profits would be Immensely
... -- .
reduced and some of them cut off en
tirely, because our government would
Btep In and ake charge; that It would
cut prices right and left, as. In fact. It
has done; that enormous burdens of
taxation would have to he Imposed, the
bulk of which would naturally be borne
by the well-to-do; In short, that the un-
precedented golden flow Into the coffers
of business was bound to stop with our
Joining the war, or, at any rate, to be
But it is said the big financiers of
New York were afraid that the money
loaned by them to the allied nations
might be lost If these nations were de
feated, and therefore they maneuvered
to get America Into the war In order to
save their Investments.
Proof That the Charge Is Absurd.
A moment's reflection will show the
tatter absurdity of that charge. Let uj
assume, for argument's sake, that 'he
allies had ben defeated. Let us make
the wildly Improbable assumption that
they had defaulted for the time being
upon these foreign debts, the greater
part of which, by the way, Is secured
by the deposits of collateral In the
shape of American railroad bonds ami
stocks and of bonds of neutral coun
tries, aggregating more than sufficient
In value to cover these debts. Let us
assume that the entire amount of al
lied bonds placed In AAerlca had been
held by rich men In New York and the
east instead of being distributed, as It
Is, throughout the country.
Is It not perfectly manifest that a
tingle year's American war taxation and
reduction of profits would take out of
the pockets of such assumed holders a
vastly greater sum than any possible
loss they could have suffered by a de
fault on their allied bonds, not to men
Hon the heavy taxation which Is bound
to'follow the war for years to come and
the shrinkage of fortunes through the
decline of all American securities In
consequence of our entrance Into the
Not only Is the "rich man's war" an
absurd myth; the charge Is a hateful
Business men, great or small, are no
different from other Americans, and
We reject the thought that any Ameri
can, rich or poor, would be capable of
the hideous and dastardly plot to
bring upon his country the sorrows
and sufferings of war in order to en
rich himself. Business men are bound
to be exceedingly heavy financial losers
through America's entrance Into the
war. Every element of self-interest
should have caused them to use their
utmost efforts to preserve America's
neutrality, from which they drew so
much profit during the two and a half
years before April, 1017, Every con
sideration of personal advantage com
manded men of affairs to stand with
and support the agitation of the "pence-at-auy-price"
party. They spurned
such Ignoble reasoning; they rejected
that affiliation; they stood for war
when It was no longer possible, with
safety and honor, to maintain pence,
because they are patriotic citizens !
first and business men afterwards.
Our Income Tax and Taxes Abroad.
(L) The largest incomes are taxed
far more heavily here than anywhere
else in tho world.
Tim maximum rate of Income taxa
tion here Is 07 per cent In England It
is 42V& per cent Ours Js therefore 50
per rent higher than England's, and
the rate in England Is the highest pre
vailing anywhere In Europe. And In
addition to the federal tax we must
bear In mind our state and municipal
(2.) Moderate and small Incocts, on 1
the other hand, are subject '
smaller rate of taxation heru u,
Ib America Income of married mra
ap to $2,000 are not subject to any fed
eral Income tax at all.
In England th Ineom tax la: I
4H per cent, on 1,000 '
Tft 1,000 ,
(These are the rates If the tncomo Is
derived from salnrlps nr wnraa! tlicv
arc still higher It the Income Is derived '
from rents or Investments.)
The English scale of tnxatlon on In
comes of, say, $3,000, $5,000, '$10,000
nn(1 $15,000 respectively nveraKOS ns
rates for married men :
14 per cent.
It per cent.
SO per cent.
SS per cent.
1-1 of l p. c,
S p. c
(If Vo add the so called "occupa
tlonal" tax our total tnxntlon on In
comes of $10,000 Is G?i per cent, and on
lacomca of ?15000 0?. per cent)
In other words, our Income taxation
Is more democratic than that of any
other country in that the largest in
comes- are taxed much mare heavily
and the small and moderate Incomes
mlirh mnr llnhtlv thnn anvuh.n IA
and Incomes up to $2,000 for married
men not taxed at all. ,
(&) It Is true, on tho other hand,
that on very large Incomes as dlstin I
gulshed. from the largest Incomes our '
Income tax Is somewhat lower than tho i
English tax, but the difference by which '
AtlK tflY la Iawaw tlinn t Via nl to) f n tr
our tax Is lower than the English tax
Is Incomparably more pronounced In 1
the case of small and moderate incomes
than of large Incomes. i
Tho "Excess Profits" Tax Here and
Moreover, If we add to our Income
tax our so called "excess profit tax,"j
which is merely an additional Income
ta on enrnlng3 derlved ttom business.)
we shall find that the total tax to which'
rich men are subject Is In the great ma
jority of cases heavier here than la
England or anywhere else. '
(4.) It is likewise true that the Eng-
Ilsh war excess profit tax is SO per cent.
(less various offsets and allowances).
whilst our so called excess profit tax
ranges from 20 per cent to 00 per
But it Is entirely misleading to basa
a conclusion as to the relative heavl-
ness of the American and British tax
merely on a comparison of the rates,1
because the English tax Is assessed on
a wholly different basis from the Amer;
lean tax. . '
The American excess profit law (so
called) taxes all profits derived from,
business over and above a certain
moderate percentage, regardless of
whether or not such profits are the
result of war conditions. The Ameri
can tax is a general tax on Income de
rived from business in addition to
the regular Income tax. The Eng
lish tax applies only to excess war
profits that Is, only to the sum by
which profits In the war years exceed
the profits In the three years preceding
the war, which In England were years
of great prosperity. In other words,
the English tax is nominally higher
than ours, but It applies only to war
profits. The normal profits of business
1. c the profits' which business used
to make In peace, time are exempted
in England. There, only the excess over
peace profits its taxed. Our tax, on '
the contrary, applies to all profits over
and above a 'very 'moderate rate on the '
money Invested tn business. i ,
We Tax Normal Profits, They Tax Only 1
War Profits. ,
short our lawmakers
In short our lawmakers have de
creed that normal business profits are
taxed here much more heavily than In
England, while direct war profits are
taxed less heavily.
You will agree with me In question
ing both the logic and tho Justice of
that method. It would seem that It
would be both fairer and wiser and'
more In accord with public sentiment
If the tax on business In general were,
decreased and, on the other hand, an
Increased tax were. Imposed on spe
cific war profits.
(5.) Our federal inheritance tax la
far higher than It is In England or any
where else. The maximum rate here
on direct descendants is 27 per cent
as against 20 per cent In England. In
addition to that we have stnte In
heritance taxes which do not exist In
i (0.) Of her totnl actual war expen
ditures (exclusive of loans to hot al
lies and Interest on war loans) Eng.
, land has raised less than 15 per cent
by taxation (France nnd Germany far
less), while America Is about to raise
by taxation approximately 28 per cent
of her total war requirements (exclu
sive of loans to the allied nations nnd
of the amount to be invested In mer
cantile ships, which, being a produo
five Investment cannot properly be
classed among war expenditures)
We men of business arc ready and
willing to be taxed In this emergency
to the very limit of onr ability and to
make contributions to wnr relief work
and other good causes without stint
Tho fact is that, generally speaking,
capital engaged In business is now
being taxed In America more heavily,
than anywhere else in the world. We
nre not complaining about this; wo do
not say that It may not become neces
sary to linpoi rf' U further taxes; we
nro not 'vhl i't r, und squealing nnd
agitating, i, ; do want tho people
to know wr t r I Ho present facts,
i, -tikit not to glvo hoed tat
. -', " would make them
.'icnplng our thure
' rdl-ll. J
HIGH SCHOOL NOTES
BY DOItniS S1KE3
Miss Jano I.lndsoy, English Instruct
or has been 111 this week and unable
to attend school. DorrlB Hubboll, a
iractlco toachtr from tho Unlvo.'suy
li (tiling her placo,
Esttior Ilrntlnlri cx '17, who Is lf.
uttomllrig tti5 C. of O. taught Vm
Minnie's. Ktiurtl- Crado class at, '.hid
Vunnn McK'nney returned to ns'iool
Monday lncrnitig niter four days av
retro on uecqunt of brouchlnl lngr
A contest Is. on between tho classes
. for tho highest average- for this so
mcstcr. Tho grades for tho pnst six
j weeks aro to ba avoragod up anil
when this 1s done tho class having tho
highest avorago will bo given a certain
per cent to start them In tho con-
tost. Last semester tho Seniors mado
tho highest class avorago In school,
86. Tho Juniors and Freshmen each
averaged 81, and tho Sophomores SO.
Tnea0 grades aro not at all satl'sfac-
j torj' and It la hoped that through the
contest tho grades will bo raked con
siderably. In connection with tho Daylight
Saving plan of tho government wo
will commence school at 8 o'clock Mon
day morning Instead of nt 9. The
clock will still register 9 but In real-
lty, wo will bo opening school at S.
This will let school out at 2:15 in
stead of 3:15.
Pledges to tho nrmy Y. M. C. A.
frnd nro duo again April 1, 1918.
Captain Bill Hill announces that $45
of tho totnl amount is still lacking.
Springflold High school pledge, with
tho aid of Marcola, Thurston, Pleasant
Hill, Goshen, and Tront la $275,
Cal. A. Barnett, of this city, has
been secured as coach for tho min
strel show to be given soon by tho
High School boys. Tho exact dato.ot
the show has uot yet been decided up
on. Ada Hall, from tho University of
Oregon, Is substituting this weok In
the place of Miss Dlnsdalo, whot Is
spending tho week at Newport.
Falls in Faint
Monday morning Mrs. It. W. Ewor,
who keeps the Home Restaurant here,
was called to Eugene to the bedside
of her father. W J. Mulkoy, who had
been seriouly ill for some time.
While there her two-year-old daugh
ter fell to the floor In a dead faint
For somo time it was feared that her
condition was going to prove fatal, but
with the aid of a physician the little
one soon recovered consciousness.
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
STATE OF OREGON, FOR THE
CfUNTY OF LANE
DELPHA FAY ENOS,
I' VS. SUMMONS
LOWELL ENUa, 1
TO LOWELL ENOS, DEFENDANT.
IN THE NAME OF' THE STATE
OF OREGON: You are hereby re
quired to apear and answer the com
plaint filed against you In the above
entitled court and causo within six
weeks from the first date of publica
tion of this summons, and if you so
fail to answer, for want thereof tho
plaintiff will apply to tho Court for
tho relief prayed for in the complaint;
viz: that she have a decree of di
vorce and that sho havo her maiden
name restored to her,
This summons Is served by publi
cation once each week for six woeks
in the Springfield News, by virtue of
an order made and entered heroin on
tho 19th day ot March, 1918, by tho
Hon. O. F. Skipworth, Judge of the
above entitled Court. That tho dato
of the first publication of this sum
mons is the 21st day of March, 1918..
S. P. NESS,
Attorney for plaintiff.
Address is: Eugcno, Oregon.
NOTICE TO CREDITOR8
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that
the undersigned, Philip A. .lchnsnn
has by order ot tho County Oour of
tho State of Oregon for the County of
f.nno been duly appointed executor of
tho Last will and testament of Esther
Matilda Johnson, deceased and that
all persons having claims against said
ostate are horoby notified to prcsont
the same, properly verified, to me at
the offlco of Frank A. De Puo, attorney
for the estate, In Springfield, Oregon
on or before six months from the
date of tho first publication of this
Dated March 21st, 1918.
PHILIP A. JOHNSON.
Executor of the Last will and Tes
tament und estate of Esther Matilda
Frank A. Do Pue
Attorney for Estate.
Tho Dunning System of Im
proved Music Study Is taught by
IRMA WILSON SIIONTZ '
Studio, Fourth and D
SHERIFF'S SALE ON FORECLOS
URE. NOTICE IB HEREBY GIVEN, that
by virtue ot an execution an order ot
sale Issued out of tho Circuit Court
ot tho State of Oregon for tho County
ot Lane, on tho 19th day ot March
1918 on a Judgment rendered in said
Court on tho 19th day ot March. 1918
in a suit whorcln Mrs, Anna linker
wna plaintiff and Anna Mullen and
John C Mullon her husband, J. A.
Cox and Etta Cox. partners doing bus
iness under tho firm nnmo ot Cox &
Cox woro dofendnnta nnd wherein tho
plaintiff recovered Judgmout against
tho defendants, Anna Mullen and John
C. Mullon aforesaid for tho sum of
U32.02 nnd Intorcst thereon slnco
February ICth 191S nt tho rato of 10
por annum nnd $75,00 attorneys feos
nnd $14.90 taxes and Interest thereon
slnco Fobrunry 14. 1918 at 6 per an
num and $19.50 as coats, oxponsoa
and disbursements which Judgment
was enrolled nnd dockotod in tho of
fice of the Clork ot said Court on tho
19th day ot March, 1918, and said ex
ecution to mo directed commanding
mo in tho nnmo ot tho State ot Oregon
In ordor to satisfy said Judgment, at
torneys fees und accruing costs to
roll all tho following described real
nrorerty to wit: An undivided ono
half Interest In lot eight of block sixty 1
four In Maudc'o suh-dlvlslun in the i
Town of Springfield. Lnno County, Or j
egon, together with tho (encniontB,
hereditaments nnd nppurtunancos ,
thereunto bclongtng or In any wlso 1
appertaining, and that tho procoeds
of tho Bale bo nppltcd ns follows:
First: Tho oxponscs of said salo and
tho plaintiff's costs and disbursements
of tho suit Including tho attorneys
Second: To tho payment ot tho
Judgment of tho plaintiff.
Third: Tho balanco If any thorobo
to bo disposed ot ns tho Court may
NOW THEREFORE ti THE NAME
OF THE STATE OF OREGON:- and
In compliance with tho oxocutlon and
order of salo I will on Saturday tho
27th day of April, 191S, botwoon tho
hours of 9 o'clock A. M. and 4 o'clock
P. M. to wit at the hour of ono o'clock
P. M. ot said day at tho sonth west
door of tho County Court houso In
EUgone, Lane County, Oregon, offer
for salo in ono parcel, for cash, sub
ject to redemption, all the defendants,
Anna Mullen, John U. Minion, J. A.
Cox nndEtta Cox, right, title. Intorcst,
claim and equity In and to tho prem
ises hereinbefore described aud every
, D. A. 1J1jK1.No,
Sheriff of Lane County. Oregon.
I EXECUTOR'8 SALE.
Notlco Is heroby given that by vlr-
tuo ot an order ot tho County Court
of Lnno County, Oregon, duly mado
and entered the 19th day of March,
1918, authorising the undersigned, as
executor ot the cstato ot Nancy Bahr,
deceased, to 'sell tho real estate be
longing to said cstato, at prlvato sale,
for cash it possible, and for credit
upon proper security if it appoars
Uiat said sale cannot bo mado for
Now. therefore I will on and niter
tho 27th day of April, 1918, ot tho of
fice of Young & Ray, attorneys for
saiu esiaio. in mo uoun uouso, Eu
gene, Oregon, offer for nalo and sell
to the hlghoot bidder for cash, or for
credit with proper security. If it ap
pears that said sale cannot be mado
for cash, tho following described real
Lot twenty-six (ZG) in uiock tniriy-
three (33) in Fairmount, In tho City
of Eugene, Lane County, Oregon.
Lot twenty-seven (27) in uiock
thirty-three (33) In Fairmount, in tho
City of Eugono, Lano County, Oregon.
Dated this 19th day of March, 1918.
II. H. Rittor,
Executor ot the eetato of Nancy
Young & Ray,
Attorneys for estate.
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Dr. N. W. Emery
SUTTON BLDQT- PHONE 20-J
RESIDENCE PHONE 129-W
Ask Yourself This Question
"AM I REALLY DOING ALL l' SHOULD TO HELP
Uncle Sam would not aBk you for your 25 cent pieces if
He wants your savings to help feed, clothe and equip our
He must nave tne money inuw.
WHEN YOU ARE N OUR OFFICE invest something In WAR STAMPS. TJioy will
earn a good return for you tho next five years. All your money back and moro .than 21
per cent profit January 1, 1923.
If you haven't learned how to save start now In this best of causes,
Oregon Power Company
SIXTH AND MAIN STREETS SPRINGFIELD, OREGON
Authorized Agent of the U. 8. Treasury Department
That tho distinction of our stylos Is not ulono charac
teristic of out bettor niodols is evidenced by tho splendid
shoeing of moderately priced apparel for EiiBter.
Suits of polrot twjlls, serges,
coverts, gabardines, trlco
tincs nnd jarsoy, tailored so
well that thoy will hold their
Bhapo and stay good looking
until discarded. .
Eton aud ripplo back mod
els with fancy collars, Nor
folk and plain tailored mod
els aud sport niodols in tho
most favored shades.
Suits priced $18.50 to $65.00.
Comprise many now distinctive wraps that an! no Icsb
practical becauso of their unusual stylo; fashioned of bo
llvla, velour, trlcotlno, poplin, serge, etc.
Prlco $10.00 to $55.00
Visit our store and let us prove our ability to servo you.
MRS. M.. B.. GILMORE.
8G5 Willamette St.
EUGENE THEATRE, EUGENE
FRIDAY, MARCH 29
THE BARNUM AND BAILEY OF ALL FUN SHOWS
FRESH 'FROM ITS RECORD-BREAKING RUN AT THE
CRITERION THEATRE NEW YORK
"Ono of the most laughable, clevor and wholesome farces
San Francisco has seen In many a day." San FranciscrV
Special War-Time Prices $1.50, $1.00, 50c.
Mail Orders Now
Special showing of tho
Now Hats for
Black Hats In delightful
variety and all the attrac
tive models In Springtime
Our Line is Complote.
and tho Original Long Run Ca3t
of Funmakcrs that Rooked Broadway
With Laughtor All Ust Year
WIN THE WAR?"
ho didn't need them.
boys In tho .field and on the