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About The Lane County news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1914-1916 | View This Issue
THE LANE COUNTY NEWS
OUR PUBLIC FORUM
W. A. DILL
Editor and Manager
. published Every Monday and Thursday, by the Pane County Pub
v ItATES OF SUBSCRIPTION.
. "One Year $1.60 Six Months - - .75 J Threo Months
t,v."v Advertising Rates Furnished on Application.
' Xila Member of the State Editorial Association.
. Member . of the Willamotto Valley Editorial Association.
f'CA'nd Remember to Get a Stop-Over for Springfield.
SPRINGFIELD, OREGON, MONDAY,. OCTOBER -1, 1915.
WHY THE PANAMA FAIR SUCCEEDED
The financial success of the Panama-Pacific exposition is
a resiflt that was hardly anticipated, at least outside Califor
nia. 'World's fairs have commonly been great producers of a
deficit. Why did California make such a record breaking suc
cess on the. .money side?
Of course the European war turned a large tide of travel
to the West. But it's a long ways to the Pacific coast from
the great American centers of population. The business from
the populous Atlantic states must have been for less than the
great fairs in the Central stales secured.
Every fair depends primarily on its home support, on the
attendance of great crowds of people from within a radiusiof
500 miles. A great mass of these nearby people must attend
and each pay a good many admissions, or any fair will go
The people of California always manifest an intense spirit
of state loyalty. Their state is to them the land of romance,
opportunity, friendliness, a true almo mater of the great
school of life. They talk, think, write, dream California. They
feel a spirit of loyalty to state enteiprises.
In the East this is apt to be confined to one's own town,
and is frequently not given even to that.
Everyone in California who can acquire the price is see
ing the fair. Many no doubt borrowed the money to do it. It
was a matter of state pride. These pictures of beauty and
achievement for one's mind are the heritage of a life time. , A
state where that spirit exists can put out an unbelievable
amount of money in a public enterprise. It all comes back and
State loyalty is a fine sentiment. It gets big things done.
It spends freely, but it brings rich rewards. Albany Herald.
WOOD BLOCK PAVING
The Portland Telegram, performs a service by calling at
tention to the fact that the city of Portland has already had
some experience with wood block paving and that this exper
ience has been quite satisfactory. It says:
"Not generally is it known that in 1904 the city of Port
land lair a wood block pavement in Salmon street from Front
to Fifth. The blocks were four inches, were treated with GGO
pounds of- carbolineum to the 1000 feet, and were laid on a
sandy cushion on a concrete base. The cost, according to
figures furnished iby Commissioner Dieck, was $1.50 per
square yard. The contractor was required to maintain the
pavement in first-class condition during a period of four years.
So well put down was the pavement that the contractor was
never called upon to spend any more money or labor upon it.
"Nine years passed and the pavement needed no atten
tion, but held up under the heavy hauling traffic of that sec
tion. 'During the past two years,' says Mr. Dieck, 'the city
has spent about 40, but I find no record of repairs previous
to that date.' "
Nine years without attention is a splendid record a re
cord that is not equalled by Eugene's pavement, which has
cost considerably more than $1.50 per yard. The property
owners who are concerned in this piece of pavement certainly
have no complaint to make.
Yet, in spite of this splendid showing, which coincides
with others all over the world, we presume the cities of Ore
'gon will go on paving their streets with asphalt, whose pro
duction adds not a dollar to the wealth of this state, and ig
noring the manifest advantages of wood blocks, whose pro
duction vwould be of material assistance to the state's largest
and most important industry. Paving petitions are usually
looked after by the paving companies, and as long as this con
tinues the claims of wood blocks will not get a hearing.
It is a pity that at least a little interest cannot be stirred
(uj) in this important subject. The lumber business is Oregon's
greaest industry, and at the present time it is passing through
a period of severe depression. This depression results from
curtailed markets, and the curtailment of the market is due
to a variety of causes. One of these is the rapidgrowth in the
use of substitutes for lumber.
If the cities of Oregon would do it thoy could help mater
ially in opening up a new outlet for the product of the saw
mills.. If even half of the paving that lias been laid ii this
state in the last ten years had been of wood blocks the amount
of lumber thus used would have been considerable, and be
sides the use of wood block paving in Oregon would stimulate
its use elsewhere. Thus a backfire would be set. out against
the encrouclunent of. thflumber substitutes. Morning Reg-(
ister., . , . -
As one Springfield man said: "The very idea of sending
cjear to the Island' of Trindad. for paving material when "we
have better material here at home,"
E. P. Ripley
On Relation of Raliroado and Pooplo
Tho Industrial lcndora of this nation nro talking to
tho public faro to faco through tho columns o this paper.
Tho tlmo -was when It n corporation had anything to sny
to tho pcoplo they sont a hired hand, whispered It
through n lawyer or employed n lobbyist to explain It to
tho legislature, but tho inoit who Know ami tho mon who
do arc n6v talking over tho fenco to tho nan who plows.
When tho leading business men of thin nation Rot
"bnck to tho roll" with their problcsis, strlfo and dlsitou
ston will disappear, for when mon look Into each othar'a
faces nnd Btnllo thoro Is n bettor day coming,
Mr. E. IV ltiploy, president of tho Santa Fo Ilullrond,
when asked to bIvo his vlows In re'eronco to rotations existing botwoon tho
railroad and tho public said In mt:
"FroQucntly wo hear statements to tho effect that theso relations aro
improving, that tho era of railroad baiting han passed and that publlo suntl
uent now favors treating tho rallroRda fairly. As yot this chango In publlo
sentiment, If any such thero bo, la not effective In results.
"It Is true that In tho legislatures of tho southwestern states during tho
paBt winter thcro were fewer unreasonable and unroasonliiK laws passed
thu'a usual, but' a consideration of thu hostile bills Introduced shows that
there Is still reason for much disquiet oven though thoy woro dcteatod by
more or less of a majority.
"Moreover, tho Idea that the railroads havo boon harshly treated dooa
not seem to prevail In tho offices of thu Stato ltatlroad Commissions, which
seem to cherish a notion that their business la not to net ns an arbitrator
between thu railroads und tho pcoplo, but which proceed on tho theory that
tho railroads aro able to tnko euro of themselves and thut their, duty Is to
act ns attornoy for tho people even though In so doing they deny Justice
to tho railroads. It requires no argument to demonstrate that tho railroads
are entitled to Justice equally with other citizens and taxpayers. That thoy !
have not received It and nro not receiving It Is perfectly suscoptlblo of
proof. That thoy havo practically no recourse In tho courts has nlso boon
"The situation thercforo Is that tho pooplo, through tholr representatives, '
must cieet wnemer ino servicos of tho railroads shall be adequately compen
sated or not; and It requires no fortuno teller or soothsayer to predict that
in tho long run tho service will take tho class that Is paid for and no bottor.
"Tho natural competition between tho railroads and tho natural dcslro
to perform llrst-clnss service has heretofore resulted In giving the public
much more than It was willing to pay for. Continuation of this will ha
imposslblo and no laws, howover drastic, can long accomplish tho Impossible."
we Have a Will
BoZ ; "
in our Vault at The Frist National
Bank of Springfield, and you are
welcome to deposit your will in this
strong box for safe keeping without
SECURING WATER ON THE FARM
. According tojlgures compiled' gon ,thjere. arp. already devplop
by the,Governmetit, water pow-jed lBfi.lgjrjandtln.yashing.
era. in'. ttie'BjSte of Oregon are.' fon.fl&pqq, .n.p;. , l .
capable of ,,deVelbpIng,'3,GOO,000' During the fiscal year ertdlng
H. P.,and iriithio.Stfetei ot WaBh- 'June 30, 1915, there were opened
05400,005 JL, PJCjre.-. tojintwjm&mtmtMMWlH
No questions nro of greator Import
ance to tho farm family than the
farm's water supply and tho disposal
of Its sowago. Tho prospective build
er should nine certain that these prob
lems arc solved beforo he does any
thing else, for they He at the founda
tion of tho entire household's health
Purity and abundance are the two
essentials of water supply. Ordin
arily, It has been calculated, each
person on a farm will require 30 gal
lons a day, each horse 10 tol3, each
cow 10 to 14, each hog from 1 to 3
and each sheep 1 gallon. If ,greater
quantities are obtainable, so much the
Wells and springs arer the usual
source of farm water. Both may eas
ily be contaminated, and tho viplnlty
should, therefore, be inspected for pos
sible sources of pollution. In some
cases typhoid fever epidemics hive
been traced to springs which have
become polluted through fissures in
the rock strata. Contamination may
also reach well water through unce
mented Joints in tho masonry, and
for this reason it is always well to
cement the Joints for a considerable
distance from the top. Surface Con
tamination can bo guarded against
by the erection of a suitable concrete
curb. , i
Once an abundance of pure water
has been secured there Is no alnglo
Improvement which will add so much
to the comfort of the household as
some mechanical system of maWing It
readily available. Where tho supply
is obtained from an elevation above
tho house tho matter Is comparatively
simple. A tank or reservoir can bo
built and pipes run down from It,
through which tho water will flow by
gravity and from which It can "bo
drawn at will. In the majority of
cases, however, before the force of
gravity can be utilized It will be neces
sary to pump the water Into an elevat
ed tank. Unless this Is In the houso
Itself It Is likely to freeze during the
severe weather and cause trouble.
Of the various ways of elevating
water the windmill is perhaps the
most satisfactory In tho majority -of
cases. Its first cost may seem rather
high, but after It Is once erected It
costs but little to operate and main
tain., Cn tho other hand, a large
storage tank Is a necessity as a pre
caution against long periods of calm
weather when no wind blows and the
mill stands Idle. Water Rtored In, this
way becomes warm in summer and
in r inter.Ia often too cold to give to
Tho storage difficulty does not exist
when tho gasoline engine Is used, but
tho engine has Its own drawbacks.
Although It does not cost as much to
install as a windmill, its operating cost
Is considerably greater, depreciation
Is more rapid, and expensive repairs
are required more frequently. A.1'4
to 2 horsepower engine, hp.weyer, such
as is generally used for pumping wat
er, may bo used advantageously. for
many other purposes on tho farm as
J well. Air-cooled engines aro roconv
( mended when the pumping la Inter
mittent, for they will not froozo In
wlntor. When steady, uninterrupted
work Is oxpected, and thero is, there
fore, no danger of froeilng, water
cooled engines aro to be preferrod,
Tho pressure of pnoumntlc tank has
tho great advantage of enabling mod
ern bathrooms with good water pres
sure to be located In nny part of tho
premises. Tho tank also can bo put
i In tho cellar and thus protected from
(danger of freezing. Under this sys
tem, water Is pumped In against air
I pressure of from 40 to SO pounds a
square Inch. Tho chief objection Is
the Initial cost, which Is always high.
Undor -favorable circumstances, in
ram is an economical and convenient
means of elevating water. Tho ram,
however, Is not what In mechanical
language Is known ns "efficient." and,
In consequence thero must bo a largo
surplus of water beforo It Is a feas
ible device. Under this syBtem tho
necessary power Is derived from tho
downward flow of the water Itself,
which Is so controlled that it cnablos
tho ram to elevate a certain portion of
It into n storago tank. Much is wast
ed in the operation, however, Undor
certain circumstances this may be par
tially remedied by having the power
furnished by the flow of other wuter.
1 On the ordinary farm, unless tho
sewage Is disposed of proporJy, thoro
Is danger that tho water supply may
bo polluted. Where privies are In use,
they should bo located so that no
drainage from them can reach tho
source of water supply, but thoy J
Hiiouiu aiso oe reauiiy acccssinie. 'i no
ultimate disposal of tho sowago may
be accomplished in several ways.
A common but dangerous practice
Is to discharge) It Into a convenient
stream. This may easily start a ty
phoid eplmedle fnrthor down tho
stream and should not bo encouraged.
Surface Irrigation over tho land is bet
ter, but here again care must bo tak
en to prevent tho Infection of articles
of food, such as lettuce, which aro
I eaten raw, More satisfactory results
are usually obtained from cesspools,
'and tho "leaching cesspool," In which
tho sewage percolates gradually
through porous material, has often
proved successful. Such a cesnpool
may, however, be exxtremoly danger
ous If located In tho path of ground
: water flowing toward -the well. Sep-
The Best Groceries
For Less Money
The Fifth Street Grocery
Thos. Sikes, Prop. Phone 22
are famouB for quality and
wo srvvo you money on
what you buy here. We
sell Dependable Coffetja, and
Teas and everything elso Is
dependable which wo sell.
Nice & Miller
Op Commercial State Hunk
FIRST NATIONAL BANK, EUGENE, OREGON.
Capital and Surplus - -- - - $300,000,00
Interests on Savings Accounts and Time Certificates
of Oregon, upon Individual ap
plications, 315 forest home
steads, covering an area- of
about. 29,0Qft. acres? and lr Na
tional ForefltB of. . Washlncrtijn.
Inhere were ,81 2 , forest lidme-
flieau&.ppeneu to jenury, covering
an area of 3,800 acre&i . .
tic tunks also havo a numbor of Im
portant advantages, but It Is usually
desirable to uso filters in connection
with them. Subsurfaco Irrigation is
also common In connection with a
Water supply and sewago disposal
aro most Important factors In the com
fort of tho farm dwelling. Whero
these permit, however, It Is desirable
to havo tho arm houso stand In an
open location facing tho southwest, so
that sunlight may enter all of tho
rooms during tho day. An abundanco
of ventilation 1a a necessity, and In
most sections of the country tho addi
tion of sleeping porches will be found
well worth while. The bedrooms
should be large enough to allow, each
person at least COO cubic feet of space,
and preferably 1000. In. (he cpnfltm
tlon of barns, It rany'be uddoll.iot less1
than 600 cubic feet should be allowed
for jfach,. lOOO-ppund,,.. animal News
O. R. Gullibn, M.D.
Practice Limited tl
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat.
Graduate Nurse Attending
306, White Temple, Eugene.
Offlco Ninth and I't-nilMn. TclcplionoHUJ
DR M. Y. SHAFFER, D.V.S.
Sulto 2. Phono 88S, EUGENIC, CUE
Residence over Dodgo's Store
Repairing a Specialty
Main, bet Fourth and Fifth. Phono 11
SPRINGFIELD - OREGON
J. H. BOWER
831 Willamette St. Eugene, Oregon
Offlco In City Hall, Springfield, Ore.
HERBERT E. WALKER
W. F. WALKER
Office Phone 02; Residence 67-J
West Main St.
Harness, Shoes, Gloves
Harness and Shoes
The Harness Shop
Commercial printing carefully See
executed at tho News ry j i o r
printing plant Howards ocorattaii
1 For Farm and City Property
Exchanges a Specialty
Springfield - Oregon
Donald Young and phone ao
L. L. Ray announce tho ' '
formation of tho law CAREFUL, CONSCIENTIOUS
firm of Young & Ray, M i
with" dfllceB over tho jfltl Tl C! T 'PTT
Loan & Savings Bank, aiW hLJL UJalW wJL V
0Ernem&: f ' J J-E- Richmond ;V
W PHONES-Offlce, 3 Residence, ?lie-J
Over Commercial Bank,'
. j Springfield, Oregon. 5