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About The Lane County news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1914-1916 | View This Issue
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Published jEvery Monday ana Thursday by the Lane'County t4D-
; failing Aseociauan. r y
'RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Ofio Year $1.60 Six MouthB .75 f Thrco Months
! . ,' Advertising nates Furnished on Application.- ,,
i.t : '
We Shall Be Glad
And Remember to Get a Stop-Over for Springfield.
SPRINGFIELD, OREGON. THURSDAY. APRIL 15. 1915
IDEAS OF LIBERTY CHANGE.
Decided changes in ideals of government have come into the
American life In the half century that has just passed since the
death of Lincoln, the Great Emancipator. One of the greatest
changes, perhaps, is the enfranchisement of women, a movement
in which the Western states have taken the lead, but one which
Is attracting attentiqn in all of the states. Enfranchisement of
thg negro came as the result of a great war; the enfranchisement
of women is a bloodless revolution, but a sweeping one. The time
is not far distant when all citizens of the republic will join in the
selection of its officers and the enactment of its laws.
Another decided change in policies of government since the
days of Lincoln is in regard to the enactment of laws. In those
days the representative principle of government was strong the
people elected their officers and then depended upon these oIHcers
to execute the laws. Nowadays we have the initiative, the refer
endum and the recall, and the people are becoming the final auth
ority, with lessened responsibility upon the elected officers.
Two causes have produced this change. One has been the
disclosure of graft in high places, which has caused the people
as a whole to distrust in a measure their officers. A feeling that
special interests were securing undue concessions in too many
cases has lead the people to reserve to themselves the right to
pass final judgmnt on legislation, or to Initiate it themselves if
they feel that there is need.
A contributing cause to this distrust of officials has come
from the officials themselves. Whenever some problem faced a
legislative body the solution has been, "Refer it to the people,"
with the result that in many instances minorities have beep
able to dictate policies. Just as an example, a few years ago
the. Eugene council submitted four different sites for a city hall
to the people for a vote. A plurality of less than 200 carried the
day for a site to one side of the center of the city and on the
side opposite the line of future growth. This particular lot was
owned by an organization of several hundred members, who were
desirous of selling. Fourtunately for the city, a better site ha's
now been selected.
This attitude of officials, however, in their fear to take the
Inltiavtiye, an decide., .the questions for. which-they were elected
to office, has-aided the sentiment that officers 'need constantly' to
be watched and checked, and even recalled from office upon oc
casion. These forms of government and this extension of the fran
chise were probabjy not in Lincoln's mind when he spoke of
"government of the people, for the people and by the people," but
they have indeed become a part of the life of the Nation for which
Lincoln gave years of his best effort and then his life.
BUSINESS MUST COME INTO THE OPEN.
. Here is sound advice from a man well qualified to give it
The speaker is Elihu Root and the occasion a dinner in Philadel
.phia of a famous club composed largely of .successful business
Ex-Senator Root says:
"The first thing is that the business men of America should
become vocal. Talk, agitate and, explain. Fight to clear the air."
The trouble with business menj which is a vague term, but
You May Stop
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MONTriS In advance of Its opening the Pnnnnm-l'aelflc International Kx
IHisltlon at Snn Frnnelsco was iKi per rent completed. The pbutoKntpli
above shows u stately alcove lt the Court of the Four Season, of which
Henry Unco 11. denlsner of the Lincoln memorial at Potomac Pnrfc. Washington.
D. C Is the architect. In each tiHtio ToUr corner of the court are niches con
taining fountains and symbolizing the m-mii- eprlrg. summer, autumn aui
wiuter. '' "( '
pretty well understood Is that he regards "agitation" as the
exclusive property of the social reformer and the civic busybody
who is forever trying to "unsettle conditions." When agitation
is in the air, the business man contents himself with peeviBhly in
quiring why the heathen rage, aint then regards himself as abused
when the people, naturally enough, imagine vain things.
The method that has almost always been adopted by the
business man to meet a threatened crisis is just the method that
appeals least to the taste of. tie American public." It has, been
characterized by unobtrusive organization, executive meetings,
aversion to publicity. "Talk, agitate and explain,' sayB Mr. Root.
Above all, explain. Nothing is more easily misunderstood than
secrecy. "Gumshoe" is much more opprobrious than "agitator."
It is better to be frank than to. be misunderstood.
When business finds itself forced to combat the procedure of
irresponsible troublemakers it must make in the open at least as
good a showing as Its opponents. The class of publicists who fre
quently are blamdd for present conditions never have been bashful
about stating their case to as large an audience as possible. The
theorist with a minimum of taxes to pay has no false notions of
dignity. And if the owners 'of rifiich property decline to "talk,
agitate and explain," who is to hear both sides of the controversy?
Spokame, Wash., Spokesman-Review.
-OPPORTUNITIES NOT ALL GONE.
Henry Ford, the au tomobile. manufacturer, was an engineer
in an electric light plant in Detroit, says an exchange. Charles
Murphy, the baseball millionaire, was a reporter on the Cincinnati
Enquirer. ThomaB I. Ince, the motion picture magnate, was a
comic opera comedian, glad to get $50.00 a week. Charlie Weegh
man, owner of the Chicago Federal baseball team, and a string
of restaurants, was a waiter in a. quick-lunch room. And so it
goes. The list, could be strung 6ut to a column's length. There
fore when you hear a boy or a young man complain that he has
bad no chance, take him by the arm and tell him a few things.
There never was a time In the world's history when there were
more opportunltles'for a young man to push to the front. There
never was a time when a little Intelligence and determination
would provide a man with a competence in a few years. This
is particularly true in the farming business for farming is a
business. The young men of today who will take hold Of a farm
with the idea of making it the best farm in the county and who
will work intelligently for ten years, with that idea always before
him, will not have to work for the remainder of his life.
En route to the East. Why not see
California apd its Two World Expo- 4 ,;
sitlons on your way East?
fCzU on nearest' Agent for full' Information, literature, tickets,
..reservations, train schedules, etc.
John M. Scott, General Passenger Agent, Portlapl, Ore. ?
Someone has suggested that Carranza makes good use of the
emphatic notes he has been receiving from the United States ho
probably uses them as curling papers for his whiskers.
Progressives are congratulating themselves on the fact that
the Republican party has developed so much and in Buch a way
as to pennlt them to Indorse Its views.
Scientists, arc at work on a
"were enough kinds already. ,i
licw explosive. Thought there
Bay City The Tillamook Bay
Fish company will build a can
North jetty at the mouth of
the Columbia river will receive
$1,500,000 in the next fifteen
Baker John Waterman will'
erect a brick block at Center
Frank M. Roberts has estab
lished the weekly Watchman at
Waldport on the Alsea.
1 'Bums: new metallc toll tele
phone line going In to Rivorton.
Oregon Cltj-Contract has
been signed for $28G,7G5' pipe
line 25 miles long to a fork of
the Clackamas river for a muni
cipal water' supply.
To look nftor your tax mnttora.
Bring tax statement If you have one;
otherwise notify us curly and wo will
secure a.statomcnt for you.
' J -
The Best Groceries
For Less Money
The Fifth Street Grocery
Thos. Sikes, Prop. Phone 22
Pay Your Taxes Here
;We aror a depository for
County funds and are authoriz
ed to receive money in payment
of taxes. One half in ay be paid
on or beforo April 1st. Bring In
your tax statements If you have
them, and If not aslf us, and we
will get them for you. No extra
Commercial State Bank
FIRST NATIONAL BANK, EUGENE, OREGON.
Capital and .Surplus r -- . . $300,000.00
Interests on Savings Accounts and Time Certificates
We Sell the Hamilton
D.W, ROOF, Jeweler & Optician
Repairing a Specialty
Edwards & Br at tain
For Farm and .City Property
Exchanges a Specialty
Springflold - Orogon
y Phone 30
HERBERT E. WALKER
Office In City Hall, Springfield, Ore.
J W. F. WALKER
3 UNDERTAKEN : ,
Office Phone C2; F.'esldence 67-J
' I Weet Main St.' '
J. H. BOWER
831 Willamette St. Eugene, Oregon -
CAREFUL, CONSCIENTIOUS. -
DR. J. E. RICHMOND
PHONE81 Office, 3; Residence,
Over Commercial Bank,
W JtOHEKT IJUIINS Lodge, No.
A 78, A, M. P., Ancient and
ftft Accepted Scottish Itlto Unl
vonml nnd Symbolic Freo
aQ Maconu meola' Friday oven.
W Ing In V. O. W. hall. Visit.
inc brothorfl wolcnmo.
P, A. Johnson, h. K.,DurrIn,
Socrotary, n. w. M.
Wq print bi'tter wrappers.
O. R. Gullion, M. D.
Practice Limited tl
EyeEar, Nose and Throat.
Graduato Nurse Attending
306, WhiteTemple, Eugene.