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About The Lane County news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1914-1916 | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1915)
,', T M ,ff
I RATE INCREASE
FARMERS UNION OFflCIALO
THINK RAILROADS ARE EN
TITLED TO MOnE REVENUE.
A complete line of Cope-
Iland & Ryder Shoes for
particular men anu women
Products of Plow and Farmer W.h
Uvea at Home Should , Do
Exempt Frpm Increato, ,
The .College Movement
An Important division of the
temperance army and one which
is rapidly increasing in numbers
andefficiency is the Intercol
'The national convention -of this
body, held yrecently iin Topeka,
Kansas, is characterized as the
greatest national student gath
ering of a civic character ever
assembled in America. The key
note of the convention program
was "The challenge of the anti
li.QUor 'movement to the present
student generation," and its slo
gan, "We'll see this thing
iels' dry order," "a funeral trip."
On the other hand, if they go
everland there are whole states
states longest east and west
where grape juice will be the
strongest drink obtainable.
Whether by land or by sea, "It's
a dry, dry way to San Fran
cisco," wails the drinker. And it
is fact getting dryer. Only the
other day came the news that
the Pennsylvania railroad had
abolished liquor from all its din
ing cars west of Pittsburg. It
has also announced that It will
not renew the license for the bar
in the Broad Street station at
through." A nation-wide cam-(Philadelphia and that although
paign was initiated, the aim of , its license to sell liquor in the
which is to enlist college men 'New York terminal will not ex
andwomen for active service in plre until September, the bar will
the fight now being waged for be closed at once. This will
national prohibition. Dozens of leave the Pennsylvania system
college and university presidents east of Pittsburg without a bar
and ,many well known political
leaders sent greetings to the
convention, Secretary of State
Bryan's -being in the form of a
two-page hand-written letter.
In any of Its stations or res
taurants and without the sale of
liquor in any of its dining cars.
From the last United States
Dry Transportation. 'census we learn that the wet
A California congressman is state of Nevada had, in 1910, 353
troubled over the prospect con- prisoners for every 100,000 of
fronting the congressional party her. population, while her dry
"which is to attend the" Panama- neighbor North Dakota, had G3.
Pacific Exposition. He says that Nevada had 194 paupers for
if 'the Navy department has con- every 100,000 population North
(xpl of the ships which carry the Dakota, 14. Nevada had 282 in
IiBtinguished company, it will , sane people for every 100,000,
i be, byToason of Secretary Dan- North Dakota. 108.
Two World Expo
Reduced fare rbund trip tickets, permitting stop
overs at all points in either direction, to the Pan
arna Pacific International Exposition, San Fran
cisco, and to the Panama California Exposition,
San Diego, on sale every day to November 30
THREE FINE TRAINS DAILY
Limited San Francisco Express California Express
1 Stop-overs on One Way Tickets
Ten day s stop-over will be allowed at aan Fran
cisco and Los Angeles on one way tickets sold to
Eastern Cities when routed via the Southern Pacific.
I California and It's Two World Expositions
A new boofclot describing the trip from Portland to Ban Diego
Including the two expositions, the scenic beauties of Oregon,
the Siskiyous and Shasta Mountains, San Francisco, tho beach
and outing resorts of California, tho San Joaquin Valley and
Yosemlto National Park. Free on application to nearest Agent.
SOUTHERN PACIFIC -
John M. Scott, General Passenger Agont, Portland, Oregon.
By Peter Radford.
Lcturr National turipcM' Unloa.
Tho rocrat action of tho Interstate
Ccinruorco Commission In granting an
lncrcaso In freight rates in tho oastorn
classification of territory; tho applica
tion Of tho ronds to state and,iutor
stnto commissions for nn lncrcaso In
rates, and tho utterances of President
Wilson on tho subject bring the farm
ers.ot this nation face to fn.ee with the
problozn of nn lncrcaso In freight
rates. It Is tho policy of tho Fnrmors'
Union to meet tho Issues affecting tho
welfuro of the farmers squarely and
we will do so In this Instance.
The transportation facilities of the
United Stntcs ura liuwlonuata to of
fectlvely meet tho demands of com
merce and particularly In tho South
and West additional railway mllcaga
Is nooded to nccommoda'to tho move
ment of farm products. If In tho wis
dom of our Ilallroad Commissions an
lncrcaso in freight rates Is necessary
to bring about an Improvement In our
transportation serrico. and nn exten
sion of our mileage, then nn Increase
should bo granted, and tho farmer Is
willing to share such proportion of
the lncrcaso as justly bolpngs to htm,
but wo havo somo suggestions to make1
03 to tho manner In which this in
crease shall bo levied.
Rates Follow Lines of Least Resistance.
Tho freight rates of tho nation bavo
been built up along lines of least re
siatnnco. Tho merchant, tho. 'manu
facturer, tho miner, tho miller, tho
lumberman and tho cattleman bavo
had their t radio bureaus thoroughly
organized and In many instances they
havo pursued the railroad wUiout
mercy and with tho power of organ,
ized tonnago thojr bavo hammered tho
life out of tho rates and with un re
strained greed they, haVd eaton tho
vitals out of our transportation system
and slcco we have had railroad com
missions, these interests, with. -.skill
and cunning, are represented at every
hearing In which their bnslness Is
Tho farmer Is seldom represented
at rate hearings, sb his organizations
havo never bad the finances' toera
ploy counsel to develop his (Bide of
the case and, as a result, tho projects
of the plow bear an unequal burden
of the freight expense. A glance at
tho freight tariffs abundantly proves
this assertion. Cotton, the leading
agricultural product of tho Sout6, al
ready bears the highest freight rate of
any necessary commodity In 'com
merce, and tho rato on agricultural
products -as a whole Ib out of pro
portion with that of- the, products of
the factory ami tho mine.
Wo offer no' schedulo of rates, but
hope the commission will be able t
give tho railroad auch an Increase In
rates as Is necessary without levying
a further toll upon tho prodaatst of
the plow. Tho Instance seemMf? pre
sent an opportunity to the Kuijroad
Commissions to equalize the rates aa
between agricultural and other classes
of freight without disturbing the rates
on staple farm products.
What Is a Fair Rats7
Wo do not know what constitutes a,
basls for rato making and have rievor
heard of anyono who did' -claim 'to
know much nbout it, but If the pros
perity of the farm la "a factor to bo
considered and the railroad1 commis
sion concludes that an laarcoKe n
rates Is necessary, wo would prefer
that It come to us through articles of
consumption on their journey from
tho factory to tho farm. "Wo would,
for oxaraple, prefer that tho rato on
nogs remain ns at preeeut and tho
rato on meat bear tho Increase, for
any farmer can thon avoid the burdon
by raising his own meat, and a farm
er who will not try to raise his own ,
meat ought to bo penalized. We
think tho rato on coal and brick, can
much better bear an lncrcaso than.;
tho rato on cotton and flour. rVof
would prefer that tho rato on plows
remain tho sawio, and machinery,
pianos and such articles as the poor
or farmer cannot hopo to possess bear
tho burdon of increase.
The lncrcaso In rates should boso'
arranged tha,t the farmer who lives
at homo will bear no part of the bur
den, but lot the farmor who boards
In other states and countries and
who feeds his stock In foreign lands, -pay
tho prlco of his folly, - ('.
NO SHORTAGE OF N 4
The department issued ' the,
following statement on Febru
ary 17: ''.
The 1914 wheat crop of tho
United States was estimated to
Do 891,000,000 bushels. Tho es-r
tlmated surplus carried 'ovoV
from the 1913 crop was about
76,000,000 bushels. There was.,
therefore, a total available Hupr
ply of 907,000,000 bushels" 'As
the normal annual per capita
consumption of wheat In the
United States la about G.3
bushels; . 020,000.000 . bushels
should moot our liornml domen-.
tlo requirements for food; In ntw
dltlon, 90,000.000 bushels tiro re
quired annually for seeding.. Blx
hundred and ten mlllon uushqls,
therefore, should supply tho. iior-
nmi demesne tiemanu. ,xiiis
would leave i surplus of 357,
000,000 buahela. Of this sur
plus, about 210,000,000 bushels
were exported by January 30.
This loft 1.17.000,000 bushels, or
40,000,000 bushels moro than
our avorugo mutual export for
tho past uvo years, for export
between February 1 and tho ap
pearance of tho now crop, or for
carrying over Into tho next crop
year. Tho amount Is sufllcient
to permit tho export of nearly 1,-
000. 000 bushels a day Until July
1, before which tlmo tho now
crop will begin to bo available
This is about tho average of
Tho largo domand for our
wheat arises from tho fact that
thoro was an estimated world's
shortago of over 400,000,000
bushels outside, of tho United
States, from the fact that tho
Russian exportablo surplus of
100,000.000 bushels Is not avail
able generally, ami front tho fact
that tho heiiigoreut nations are
eager to secure toott supplies, n
it were not for. these things, wo
should bo discussing ways and
means of disposing of our tre
mendous surplus of food pro
ducts. As bus been stated, tho now
American crop will begin to ap
pear before July. Tho Argentine
crop is now coming on tho mar
ket. It Is estimated that from
that sourco there will bo avail
able 100,000,000 bushels. A sur
plus of 7C.000.000 bushels or
more from India will bo available
in May and June. Tho lncrcaso
i in the fall-sown wheat acreage
of the United States In 1914 was
11.1 per cent, or over 4,000,000
acres; in tho Northern Hemis
phere generally the acreage of
winter wheat shows an lncrcaso
of from 3 to 33 per cent, as fol
lows: Per Cent
United Kingdom 10
United States 11
But suppose a shortage in
wheat should develop In the
next three months, what would
be the situation? There Is a
great surplus In other food crops
In the United States, a number
of which can be used as substi
tutes. Wheat does not consti
tute more than 12 per cent of
the normal diet, ubout the same
as poultry and eggs. Meat and
dairy produces constitute 48 per
cent; vegetables, 11 per cent;
fruits, nuts, sugar, flsh, and
other Items the remaining 19 per
cent. There are larger supplies
of corn and other grains, meat
animals, dairy products, pota
toes, and fruit at the opening of
1915 than for many years. The
most important competing pro
ducts are corn and potatoes.
This is shown by the fact that
while the normal consumption
of wheat Is 5.3 bushels, in Maine
It Is only 4.7 bushels and In
Michigan 5. In the wheat-growing
states, where wheat is abun
dant, such as Minnesota, the av
erage is 7.2., whereas In '.the
South, where corn is much used,
the average is 4 bushels. Nor
mally about 3 per cent of tho
corn crop Is consumed as food.
Of our total crop about 80,000,
000 bushels would be used for
STOLE OF LANE COUNTY
Can no to the Wonderful ,
Exposition as our guests.
You Can Enter Contest
How You Can Win
Call at our office and Miss Wing,
contest manager, will explain to you
the particulars. Contest open to
anyone; simply a matter of elevqting,
a few minutes a day to win this
glorious trip. Write us or phone
Eugene's Popular Store
McMoran & Wasliburne Store
4,?roiiresiIvncs$ Win." i. u
DO YOU GET FULL VALUES
FOR YOUR MONEY?
This is an old-fashioned Grocery Store In regard to expense,
with a stock of modern staplo groceries that I am selling as
near cost us good groceries can be sold. Get posted on
grades and prices. Come and boo. My expenses are small
no rent at all. Onco a customer, always a customer.
AT LA VERT'S GROCERY
Near Lincoln School, on G St., between Sixth and Scvonth
B. W. Lavort, Proprietor.
food, tho remainder for other
purposes. Tho romalnder could
bo used for foods and substitutes
used for animals. The potato
production in tho United States
averages 3.8 btiBhels per capita.
This year the available supply
Is 4.1 bushels. The average prico
of meat animals was 7 per cent
cheaper In January than a year
ago, buttor 2 per cent lower, tho
prico of chickens slightly lower,
of potatoes. 35 jor cent lower,
and of apples It was 37 per cent
It would seem that the United
StateB Is not likely to bo threat
ened with a shortago of food
Medford fruit and produce as
sociation will haul and pack ull
products ror members.
Legislature created five now
judicial districts, costing $10,000
a year each and Governor
Withycombo vetoed three.
Doubling the coyote bounty Is
to solve the unemployed prob
lems in Eastern Oregon.
U. of O. has put one over O. A.
CI It claims 2000 students en
rolled in all departments, as
against 1524 at Corvallls.
What a one-sided affair legis
lation would bo by a single
Evonlng Services 7:30 p. m.
Chlldron's mooting at 3 p. m.
Midweek prayer' mooting on
Thursday at 7:30 p. m.
A cordial Invitation is extend
ed to all.
F. W. OLIVER.
Church of Christ.
Bible School, 9:45 a.,m., cotn
munfon and sermon at il a..m.,
Christian Endeavor at' 6:30"p.
m., song sor'vlco and .sermonat
7:30 p. m., prayer mco.Uhg.riy.ery
Wednesday, 7:30 p. m.
E. C. WIGMORE, '
Sunday Sabbath school at
10 a. m.; preaching scrvlco at
11 a. m.;B. Y. P. U. ut 0:30 p. m.
Preaching service at 7:30 p, m.
Wednesday, Prayer mooting at
7:30 p. m. Thursday, Choir ro-
hearsal ut 8 p. in.
Free Mothodist Church.
Sabbath School at 10 a. in.
Preaching-services at 11 a.m.
Corner Second and B streets
Jniues T. Moore, pastor, pjipne
117-W. For next Sunday:-
A. M. Sunday school.
2. P. M. Junior Leaguo-rtMIss
0:30 Epworth League. Get In
early to Insuro a seat.
7:30 Evening Sermon and
7:30 Tuesday Second .Confer
! :30 .Wednesday Ladicsl.Aid. M
si 1 .
GAS ROOM HEATERS aro inoxpenoivo to buycheap to operate. Thpy.aro
their cost oyor and over again in tio colds, soro throats and othor ailments
For Fall and Spring Heating thoy aro ideal. .Useful during tho colder months
for auxiliary purposes to help out the regular stovo3 or furnaces to wa'rh
rooms quickly in the morning.
Seo thorn at the Gas office, 957 Willamette Street, or Foljman-Novvland Co.,
,,;625-49 .Willamette Street, Eugene.
OREQQN fitd&AEB COMPANY