Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Junction City bulletin. (Junction City, Or.) 189?-1901 | View Entire Issue (March 14, 1901)
LANE COUNTY, OREGON
Bountiful Fieda, a Fertile Soil
v And a Salubrious Climate Combine to Make It
the Garden of the West.
Bouuteons nature loves all lands,
Beauty wanders everywhere,
foot-prints leaves on many strands,
But her home is surely here.
Angola loll their wings and rest
In this Eden of the West.
Lane county extends from the summit
of the Cascades to the Paciflc Ocean. In
size it is about five times as large as
Rhode Island or Connecticut. It fronts
on the Pacific a distance of thirty miles,
with a splendid harbor at the city of
Florence. It occupies every altitude
from the .ocean beach to the glaaier
crowned summit of the "Three Sisters"
at the southeastern corner of the county.
TV. Coast Range cuts it in two from
north to south.
Lane county is half prairie land, with
.very rich soil, producing abundant crops
of grain, hay, fruit and vegetables, and
half hill and upland. The table-lands
bordering the valleys are partly covered
with tiTiber or brush, most of it being
open enough for fine pasturage. These
hinds are fertile and yield abundant
crops when cultivated. Every crop that
grows In the Willamette Valley glows
in f.aue county. All the farms are sup
plied from natural sources with the bust
of water. The immense timber wealth,
aggregating uearly 29.000,000.000 feet, is
just beginning to receive attention. No
county in the United States has us large
an amount of timber as Lane. The fa
nious Bohemia mining district, destined
to become the Cripple Creek of Oregon,
lies partly in Lane county.
The population of Lane county is
about 22,000, all white. The county is
rapidly adding to its population dedir
able immigrants from the Eastern
States. Eugene, 14 miles south of Junc
tion City, w ith ft population of 5,000, is
the county seat.
The following is a summary of the
productions of Lane county for 1900 :
Acres in county 2,"64,7o0
Acres under cultivation 120,000
Bushels of wheat 750,000
Jushels of oats 025 000
Parley and rye 23,000
Bushels of corn 25.000
Tons of hav 85,000
Bushels of potatoes 225,000
Butter and cheese, pounds. 550,000
Pounds of hops 1,000.000
Bushels of apples 300,000
Bushels of pears 20.0G0
Bushels of prunes 75,000
1. timber, feet 90,000,000
Wool, pound 150,090
Ounces of gold dust 6,000
Excepting the tropical and citrus va
tioties, fill fruits thrive in Lane county
even the tender olive and fig. Al
monds, peanuts and walnuts have
passed beyond the experimental stage.
Fruit has been grown in Oregon for 40
year?, but only of late years in a scien
tific in inner. The State now supplies
ai l and information, through the Board
of Horticulture and the Corvalhs Agri
cultural College. No one need longer
fail through ignorance of proper meth
ol of fc'.ock selection, planting, cultiva
tion, pruning and science of pollination.
J Ure as elsewhere horticulture calls for
painstaking and intelligent work and
great patience. Large profits have been
iii ida-in the past, depending of course to
considerable extent upon the energy,
care and capital expended, as well as
selection of Mock and locality.
A ipli;fi, peaches, pears, prunes, grapes,
- watermelons and walnuts are the chief
fruit prod'ic'.s. It in surprising that
" vine giapas have not beu grown here
' more extensively. The hi.lsides of Lare
, county should be covered with vine
yards. . and no better quality can be
raise! abroat .
'" In 1833 Oregon shipped 500
ri'L'S carloads of apples to Germany,
England, Mexico, Aaia, and
tlte Atlantic seaboard. This output will
. fihow large increase as new acreage
c me to hear and oi l orchards have
butter care. Years of experience have
demonstrated that Lane county can
Ku::$s-:fa:Iy grow apples as a commer
cial product. The fame of the red apple
i,l Western Oregon is -well established ;
it perfection is duo lo the moisture in
nir and soil at time of maturing, Here
in Lane county the Baldwin, Spiucn
ar and King are the leadinp varieties,
vtith the Den Davis, Johnalhun, Wine
'V ap aud Oravensteiu. ,
Oregon ranks a good second in
y.ivszs prune. ' production, which is
now practically confined to
"' tin' Paciflc states. Ever sensitive to
environment,' the successful growth of
' the prune will alwavs be confined to
favored localities; it cannot be reared
far and wido like wheat or terries. The
early settlers found that the plum was
peculiarly adapted to growth in West
ern Oregon, particularly Lane county,
and that its yearly yield of luscious fruit
was nearly as sure as the coming of the
seasons. Gradually the successful cul
ture of the prune and its protl table re
turn brought the fruit prominently be
fore the public, and today we find an
acreage of prune orchards in the Wil
lamette Valley exceeded only by our
neighbor, California. But here no irri
gation is uaceesarr, which insures a
meaty, sugar? fruit of large stxe. Va
rieties are hero grown that are not
found elsewhere, and the heated evapo
ration process' of passing air through
the fruit, gives a clean nnd bright pro
duct obtainable by no other means.
The price of prunes has not yet
touched figure so low that profit is
wanting to the Oregon producer. So
long as transportatiou facilities are fa
vorable (as they exist bore), that sec
tion of country which cau grow a prune
of required quality at the least outlay of
labor and money, will bo the longest in
the race. The Willamette Valley has
unquestionably the soil and the rain;
land is not expensive; the trees grow
vigorously and bear heavy crops and
large, showy fruit. Cultivating and
spraying call for little labor or expense ;
the fruit is better cured by the evapora
tors than in the sun sod quite as cheap
ly, since plenty of fuel is at hand. In
fine, no other locality enjoys greater
advantages at the start and up to the
point of bearing. The demand for Ore
gon r"n is steadily increasing in the
markets of the world.
The shipments from Oregon in 1898,
the latest statistics we have at baud,
Pried prune .lfl.SOO.OOO lbs.
Green prunes 3,750,000 lbs.
Total ......20,550,000 lbs.
Lane county is fast becoming one of
the great cattle producing counties in
the State. The mild winters.thefact that
native grasses remain green during the
year, and the ease with which cultivated
grasses can bo raised make it an excel
lent country for every kind of stock.
The general practice of Lane county
farmers is to provide fodder for only a
small'part of the year, during the bal
ance of winch the stock roam at lanie.
Sunning water is abundant, and stock
docs not lack water in the driest season.
The largest owners of horned stock are
improving greatly bv infusing fine blood
into their herds. There ar numerous
breeders of Shorthorns, Galloways,
Polled Angus, Ayr-hires, Hereford,
Ilolsteins, Devon, Aldernoys and Jer
seys in the Willamette Vallev. The
large introduction of fine bhod Into the
cattle herds of this section has greatly
increased their value ami the profit of
TH2 AVOOKA GOAT.
During the pat ten years a number of
our active farmers have been introdm:
ing the Angora goat into Lane county,
especially in the foot-hill country,
Them, thrifty farmers had but one object
in view at the time these goats were
purchased, and that was to clear np their
tarms at tniall cxpenee. They bought
the gnat for his work and not for his
wm",!. During tho past five years, how
ever, there has been a great revolution
in the goat industry. Manufacturers
are beginning to discover tho many ad
vantages and special qualities of mohair.
Numerous desirable and elegant fabrics
are now being made from this wool, and
it has been found that the goods are ex
ceedingly fine and durable. Another
Fpeciid feature of this goods is, that it is
much more free from the attacks of
moths than poods made from sheep's
wool. For this reason, it is said thr.t
the major po-tion of the valuable up
holstery low used in railway cars, is
made of goat's wool.
The entire number of Angora g'Mtts in
Lane county today will probably not
exceed 0,000 head. When we como to
consider the vast area of good brush
country in this county, so well adapted
to goat grazing, we can readily ceo that,
instead of the small number now kept,
we could keep to advantage hundreds
of thousands of goats in Lane county
alone and keep them well. We are
speaking now more particularly as to
the value of their wool and increase
ami of the profits that are hound to oc
cur by continuous and thrifty care of
the domestic goat. As to their adapt
ability to our climate there is no ques
tion, and as to the numerous advantages
arising from raising gots. this has bwjn
thoroughly and satisfactorily settled
long since. ,
We would earnestly commend this
subject to the active and onternrlninff
farmers from the Eastern States, who
are now locating and ho eipcct .to lo
cate in Lane county, recognising that
this Industry may be made one of t ho
most useful and profitable within the
entire range of farm and field products.
THE LUMBER INDUSTRY.
The estimated amount of timber in
Oregon is 800,000,000,000 feet (in round
numbers), board measure. Lane county
loads with 28,800,000,000.
The lumbering industry has assume!
greater proportions during the year than
ever before. The Willamette, McKen
sle, Sluslaw, Coast Fork and West Fork
Rivers, Long Tom, Lake, Greeuloaf, No
fie, Fish, Nelson and numerous other
creeks afford the best facilities for float
ing logs to tide water, or to most any
point on tho Southern Pacific for a dis
tanco of 200 miles. Great bodies of the
finest noble fir (commonly known as
larch), sugar and yellow nine, cedar,
oak, ash, maple, bahn, and numerous
other eptcies of soli ami hard woods, lie
all about us. untouched, awaiting but
the investment of capital to place it on
the matketa ot the world iu the various
forms known to the wants of man.
Timber lands can be purchased for from
4 to 7 per acre, the price depending
upon the amount and kind of timber
and its location. Tho Southern Pacific
Railroad Company has thousands of
acres of fine timber lands for sale.
The Booth-Kelly Lumber Company,
the largest manufacturers of lumber In
the county, are 0rating three largo
plants, at Coburg, Saginaw and Wend
ling, with au average daily capacity
cf 310,000 feet, the great majority of
Why You Should Settle
in Lane County . . ")
Because it is the best country known to
the man of moderate means.
Because you will find a country of rich
oil awaiting the settler.
Because there are uplands, prairie lands
and alluvial river Indiums.
Because yon can be certain ot profitable
returns from whatever you put
Iu the soil.
Because the winter does not consume
what the summer produces.
Because there are more and letter op
portunities for diversified farm
ing than elsewhere.
Because the seasons are regular, and no
t . fear of crop failure.
Because the country is never scourged
by cyclones, devastating storms
Because everything grown elsewhere can
tie produced hero more abun
dantly. Because there are more chances for the
profitable investment of capital
' ' than elsewhere.
Because for healthful nest this section is
- unvut.led . on tho face of tho
Because you have no long winter months
to eucounter, with no excessive
dry httt in summer.
which is shipped to points outside of
Oregon,' the Southern Paciflc Railroad
Company having constructed 22 tuilos
of railroad for tho exclusive purpose of
reaching and hauling out tho output f
the Werulling plant. The main oittces
of this company are in Eugene.
There pre numerous other smaller
plants in the county. .
The total cut of lumber and shingles
for 11I'J in tho State of Oregon was .7X1,.
423,000 feet. Of this tho mills of Port
laud alone cut 150,000,000 feet.
Steadily increasing demand conies
from China, Japan, Siberia, Australia,
Mexico, South America and P.urope, as
well as California and the Eastern States,
Of merchantable hardwoods, myrtle,
maple and ash grow to goodly size, and
are used in furniture and implement
manufacture, but this branch of indus
try has thus far been of limited extent.
As a dairying section Lane county
possesses many advantages. Grasses of
all kind?, both native and cultivated,
grow in luxuriance. Cattle have to de
pend but little upon hay, since the
warm rains, from early in the fall to hito
in the spring, keep the grass growing.
Even in the dry summer season grns
ows along river and creek bottoms and
in the mountain valleys. Timothy is
tlm l.ii, Id,. .....o l.nl u't.ito nnd re, I
clover make remarkable growthn, espe
cially tho former, which springs up
spontaneously on the hills wherever the
destruction of trees and underbrush
gives it tin opportunity. The natural
grasses, the cool summer, breezes blow
ing in from the Pacific, unfailing water
supply, the luxuriance with which the(
clovers and roots thrive, combine to
make Lane county tho ideal home of the
cow. Net returns to dairymen range
from flO to ?.)!) per cow per annum, do-
pending upon lliO graue oi me now nun
the intelligence with which the dairy
man manages his herd. Tho numerous
ocean-going craft leaving tho ports of
Portland. Seattle and Tacoma for the
Orient and nil parts of tho globo is a
perpetual guarantee of a never-falling
market for dairy and all othor products.
The mineral resources of Lano county
are extensive end valuable. The dis-
.trietB attracting the most attention ore
tho'Bohomla and Blue River. In the
former C8 stamps are now Installed.
There are any number of rich mines
In the Bohemia district, principal among
which are the Helona, Annie. Muslek,
Stocks A Harlow, Golden Slipper and
Champion, and It is destined to become
a second Cripple Creek. Probably the
richest body of or In the district at the
present time uncovered is In the Helona
jrorty. Where they are working now
the ore Is so itch the minors break it
down on canvas and sack it op to carry
It to the mill.- It fairly sparkles with
the thousands of specks of gold slicking
ail over It.
Junction City, Oregon, Is situated In
the northern part of I-ane county, 1 10
miles south of Portland, 57 miles south
of Salem, the capital of tho State, and
14 miles north of Eugene, the county
scat. It Is on the main lino of the
Southern Pacific Railroad, and has a
population of about KMX) Inhabitants.
It Is oue of the most prosperous and en
terprising cities in the Willamette Val
ley. Tho city is platted on either side
of tho Southern Pacific tracks, and Is In
the center ot the widest portion of the
Willamette Valley. All kinds ot mer
cantile interests, professions and trades
are hero represented. Junction City
hat three churches, and a graded school
building that cost over fdOOQ. The hotel
Because yon will find aa orderly com
munities as anywhere on this
Because you will find the most oin-
hearted people In the world.
Because it is in the widest portion of the
leroto ttiuaineiie tatter.
Because as a dairying section it has no
equal, ft is tho ideal homo of
Because for' live stock, goat and sheep
raising it can't be beat.
Because it contains a larger amount ot
the tptt merchantable tlmhr
than any county in the United
Because of the great and crowing trade
with China, Japan! th Philip
pines, Hawaii, Alaska, and
every other port on the face of
the globe, tfiis section is sure
cf a never-failing market for
; its grain. Its lumber, live stock
nnd dairy products. No por
tion of tho United States has as
bright a future to-fore it today
ns the Willamette Valley, in
Oregon. , .
Bccauto education Is paramount. Pub
lic schools and churches are to
be found In every community.
block was built by a stock company of
citizens, and cost over ?24,000. Here U
also to bo found one of tho finest' opera
houses between San Francisco and Port
land. Wo have cno bank, the Farmers
A Merchants', owned by home capital
ists. It Is 1 solid Institution. There
are three largo grain elevators here, two
newspapers, waterworks, a good rten.ui
fire engine. Also a full roller process
Hour mill, which Isns aincd an unviable
reputation for tho vxuotlcuco of its
flour both at homo and abroad. This
mill pays tho highest market price tor
its wheat, and pays cash. It is ubo a
a sound flunticlal institution.
Th era Is more gr iin nnd other pro
duce, including livo (stock, shipped from
B. 5. Hyland
Real Estaie Dealers,
Have tho following farm lands for side.
Any inquiries in regard to same will re
ceive prompt tUteiitioii :
30 acres of the finest land In Lane
count v, one mile cait of Junction City.
This land is all in grass but 4,4 acres.
Price t.r,0 per acre,
KlO-acro farm four miles east of Har
rlsbnrg, in Linn county; 140 acres iu
cultivation ; young orchard ; new house,
fair barn ; plenty of water; (25 per acre.
160 acre farm, 24 miles east of If ar
risburg; 1?,0 acres in cultivation ; bal
unco meadow; good improvements;
house, barn, orchard; 1 'miles to
school house. (25 per acru.
200 acres of good level farmland,
three miles south from Harrisburgi
about llo acres in cultivation ; 30 acres
in light timber; 10 acres in hops ; splen
did orchard of 4 acres; school house l4
miles distant. This form is well fenced
and plentv of water. The property has
been previously held at (22 per acre.
It calf now bo purchased for (20. If you
were to look the length nnd breadth of
tho Willamette Valley you couldn't flud
tills point than from any other placVin
the Willamette Vally.
Another enterprise Is a fruit drying
establishment, with tho latest Improve
ments for steam evaporating process,
with a drying capacity ot 1000 bushels
of prunes per day, This plant Ims.u
warehouso and canning department, arid
Is one ot tho most complete of Its kind In
the State. It Is indlipomnblo to the
fruit Induttry In this section.
Ten acres of good bearing fruit trecr,
with proper caro and attention, can be
made to net the owner from 500 to 0
per annum. In starting these orchards
and setting out trees front two to thrvo
years old, they will begin bearing the
fourth or fifth year, and you need not
bn out tho use of your land from the
tlmo of setting out tho troos until tlny
iHJtne to bearing. They do Wtter to
have the land cultivate.. You ran
plant with vegetables, and by so doing
make It profltablo each year. Ijutd
suitable tor these orchards can bo
bought at 13 to (50 per acre, according
to location. Apple and puar orchards
are also very prod ta bio.
Another enterprise, and not tho least
by any means, Is a creamery that has
it been established hero by the
Weathorly Creamery Co., of PortUnd,
one of tho substantial and w idoawako
business concerns of that city. The
plant Is equipped with the very latest
machinery for making butter, nnd has a
capacity of 2000 pounds a day. Besides
supplying tho wants of tho people
of this vicinity, through our merchants,
tri weekly shipments are made to Port
land, whero there la always an active
market for dairy products.
Hera Is a grand opportunity to make
a good comfortable livlnjj and lay up
some money for t. rainy day. Good
dairy cows will net the owner front (30
to 1-10 per cow per annum. There is
any amount ot excellent land for dairy
purposes, In ckio proximity to Junction
City, that can be purchased in parcels
to suit at front (12 to (23 per acre. The
Creamery company pays the hlghot
market price for butter fat, ami pays iu
cash once a month, so that Its patrons
are never without ready cadiand that
puU a man ou tho same footing as the
village blacksmith, who "looked the
whole world in tho face, for bo owed not
any man." Ko Industry offers better
Inducements or insures a better return
for tho money Invested than a herd ot
good dairy cows Intelligently managed.
HOW IT IS DONE.
The first object In life with tho Amer
lean people I to "get rich :" the second,
how to regain good health. ThwDrnt
can be obtained by energy, honesty nnd
saving; tho Second (good health), by us
ing Ojeen's August Flower, Should
y jti Ihi n despondent sulterer front any
of the effects of Dyspepsia, Liver Com
plaint, Appendicitis, ltidietion, etc.,
such as Sick Ih-ac'ache, Palpitation of
the Heart, Hour Stomach, Habitual Cos
tivenesx, Piseiness of .the Head, NVrvoti
Prostration, Iw Spirit, etc., vj need
not suffer another day. Two doses of
the wcll-knowu August Flower will re
lievo you ftt once. Go to Mueller
Hill and get a sample bottle ftee. Reg
ular i.o, 73 els. Get Greeu's Prixo
Lano ron SaU'.-I'O acres with barn
and out buildings, running water, two or
chards, :$5 acres in fanning land, within
nine miles of Junction City, for fl'HH).
Inquire of S. Templeton, l; miles
southeast of Junction City. No agent.
a better bargain. Tl.o owner netted
(000 front the 10 acres of hops tho pa t
403 ncrr of fine, prairie land, 4 miles
southeast of Junction City, on the river
road, nnd 10 miles north cd Eugene ;
300 acres under cultivation; 00 acres
fine hard wood timber; residence and
in hiirnH! but little Bravol ; 12-flcre
Orchard; well fenced. Can be dividid
oast and vest so ns 10 givo qnen nn
part of timber. Will bo divided or e d
as a whole to suit. Price 138 per acre.
This is tho old Hulin farm, and is woith
(50 an acre.
$00 ncres, 2 miles southwest of J unc
i. .. . nn ,ir.,d un.ti.r r.ulti vfltion : ol)
ncrcr timber, ouk and ash; watered by
tho I-ong Tom ami several eniaii lanes-,
over 10 miles of fence, divided into 10
fields and pastures; could bo divided
into 3 farms and each ono could have a
good road all graded and graveled all tho
wav to Junction City; 3 stock barns
40x00; 1 bum 00x72; blacksmith shop,
hay scales, wagon shed and machine
shed; out buildings and a dwelling
house of 8 rooms, good as new, cost (2000;
two orchards, nil kinds of fruit and ber
ries. Price, (14 per acre. Easy terms.
A great bargain. .
B, S. HYLAND & CO.
JUNCTION CITY, OUE. '
Ofilco in "Bulletin" Office. ..;