Junction City bulletin. (Junction City, Or.) 189?-1901, February 28, 1901, Image 8

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Is the Land! Wharo Roils tho
To Picture Its Wealth
of Ruskin or the
Lane County.
Bounteous nature loves all lands,
Beauty wanders everywhere,
Foot-prints leaves on many strand,
Tat her home is surely her.
Acgels told their wings and rest
In this Eden of the "West.
Lane county extends from the summit
of the Cascades to the Pacific Ocean. In
size it is about five times as large as
Rhode Island or Connecticut. It fronts
on the Pacific a distance of thirty miles,
with a splendid harbor at the city of
Florene. It occupies every altitude
from the ocean beach to the glaiier
crowned summit of the "Three Sisters''
at the southeastern corner of the county.
The Coast Range cuts it in twofroin
north to south.
Lane county is half prairie land, with
very rich soil, producing abundant crops
of grain, hay, frnit and vegetables, and
lialf hill and upland. The table-lands
bordering the valleys are partly covered
with tivnWror brush, most of it being
opeu enough for line pasturage. These
lauds are fertile and yield abundant
crops wbeu cultivated. Every crop that
grows m the Willamette Valley glows
hi Lane county. All the farms are sup
plied from natural sources with the best
if water. The immense timber wealth,
nsiriwating nearly 2i). 000,009,000 feet, is
j;ist beginning to receive attention. No
county iu the United States has us larjre
an amount of timber as Lane. The fa
mous Bohemia mining district, destined
to become the Ciippie Creek of Oregon,
Hes partly in Lane county. .... ,
Tin! population r.f Lane county is
about all white. The county is
rapidly adding to its population desir
able immigrants , from the Eastern
states. Kug.'ne, H miles south rf Juue
tio.'t City, with a jopu!atioa of 5,000, is
the comity scat.
The following is a summary of the
productions of Lane county for 1900:
Acres in county . . 2,7ft,7V)
Acres under cultivation.,. 120,000
Bushels of wheat ' 750,000
V.ushtlsof oats :. 625 GOO
Parley and rye 28,000
Bushel of corn 2-,000
Tons of hay 83,000
Bushels of potatoes 225,000
Butter and cheese, pounds 550,000
Pounds of hops ) ,000.000
Bushels of apples t 300,000
Bushels of pears 20.0C0
Bushels of prunes 75,000
Lumber, feet. .. 90,000,000
Wool, pounds 150,000
Ounces of gold dust 6,000
Excepting the tropical and citrus va
rieties, all fruits thrive in Lane county
evec the tender olive and fig. Al
monds, peanuts and walnuts hare
passed beyond the experimental stage.
Fruit has been growu in Oregon for 40
year?, but only of late years in a scien
tific nimner. The State now supplies
aid and information, through the Board
of Horticulture and the Corvalhs Agri
cultural College. No one need longer
fail through ignorance of proper meth
od of stock selection, planting, cultiva
tion, pruning and science of pollination.
Here as elsewhere horticulture calls for
paimtaking and intelligent work and
great patience. Large profits have been
made in the past, depending of course to
considerable extent upon the energy,
care and capital expended, as well as
selection of .-took and locality.
A pples, peaches, pears, prunes, grapes,
witannel'ine and walnut are the chief
fruit products. It is surprising that
wine inapi'S have not been grown here
more exteicively. The hi Isides of Lane
county hliould be covered with vine
yards, raid no better quality can be
raiaed abroar .
In IS93 Oregon shipper! 500
Arn.E3 carloads of apples to Germany.
England, Mexico,' Asia, and
the Atlantic seaboard. This output will
sliow large increase as new acreage
comes to hear and old orchards have
better care. Years of experience have
demonstrated that Lane county can
su-jcnssfuily grow apples as a oommer
cia! product. The fame of the red apple
of Western Oregon is well established ;
it perfection its due to the moisture in
air and soil at time of maturing. Here
in Lane cointy the Baldwin, Kpiuen
berg and King are the leading varieties,
with the Ben Davis, Jnbnathan, Wine
pap and Ciravenstein.
Oregon ranks a good second in
pituxK prune production, which is
now practically confined to
tin -Pacific States. Ever sensitive to
environment, the successful growth of
tin? prune will always be confined to
f4Vvnd localities; it cannot be reared
Would Require the Pen
Brush of a Durer.
far and w id like wheal or berries. The
early settlers found that the plum was
peculiarly adapted to growth in West,
ern Oregon, particularly Lane countv,
and that Us yearly yield of luscious fruit
was nearly as sure as the coming of the
seasons. Gradually the successful cub
ture of the prune and its profitable re
turn brought the fruit prominently tie
fore the public, and today we find an
ac;eago of prune orchards in the Wil
lamette. Valley exceeded only by our
neighbor, California. But here no irrj.
gation is ueces.arv, which insures a
meaty, sugary fruit of largo slue. Va
rietiea are here growu . that are not
found elsewhere, and the heated evapo
ration process of passing air through
the fruit, gives a clean and bright pro
duct obtainable by no other means.
The price of prunes has not yet
touched h figure so low that profit is
wanting to the Oregon producer. So
long as transportation facilities are fa
vorable (as they exist here), that sec
tion of countrv which can crow nrune
of required quality at the least outlay of
labor and money, will bo the longest in
the race. Tho Willamette Valley has
nnqnestionably the soil and the rain:
iuu ia not expensive; me trees grow
vigorously and bear. heavy crops and
large, showy fruit. Cultivating and
spraying call for little labor or expwise ;
me iron is miter curea by me evapora
tors than in the sun and quite us cheap
ly, since plenty of fuel is at hand. In
.ine. no other locality enjoys creator
auvantagps at the mart and up ta the
(Kiint cf bearing. The demand for Ore
gon prunes is steadily increasing ia the
markuta of the world.
The shipments from Oregon in 1838,
the latest statistic? we have ut baud,
were :
Dried prunes. .
Green prunes.
, 3,750,000 lbs.
STOCK racing.
Lane county is fast becoming one of
the great cattle producing counties in
the State. The mild wiiitcrs,the fact that
native grasses remain green during the
year, and theease with which cultivated
grasses can bo raised make it an excel
lent country for every kind of stock.
The general practice of Lane county
farmers is to provide folder for only a
small part of the year, during the bal
ance of which the stock roam at Urge.
Running water ia abundant, and stock
does not lack water in the dried season.
The largest owners of horned stock are
improving greatly by infusing fine blood
into their herds. There ate numerous
breeders of Shorthorns, Galloways,
Polled Angus, Ayrshires, llerefords,
Uolsteins, Devons, Aldernevs and Jer
seys in the Willamette Valley. The
large introduction of fine bl'Kxl into the
cattle herds of this section has greatly
increased their value and the profit of
the business.
During the past ten years a numbor of
our active farmers have been introduc
ing the Angora goat into Lane county,
esicially in the foot-hill country.
These thrifty farmers had but one object
in view at the time these goats were
purchased, and that was to cloar op f heir
farms at small excuse. They bought
tho goat for his work and not for Ids
wool. During the past five years, how
ever, tliete has leen a great revolution
in the goat industry. Manufacturers
are beginning to discover the many d
vantages and special qualities of mohair.
Numerous desirable and elegant fabrics
are now being made from this wool, and
it has been found that the goods are ex
ceedingly fine and durable. Another
special feature of this goods is, that it is
much more free from the attacks of
moths than goods made from sheep's
wool. For this reason, it is said that
the major portion of the valuable up
holstery r.ow used in railway cars, is
made of goat's wool.
The entire number of Angora goats in
Lane county today will probably not
exceed ,000 head. When we come to
consider the vast area of good brush
country in this county, so well adapted
to goat grazing, we cau readily oee that,
netead of the small number now kept,
we could keep to advantage hundreds
of thousands of goats in l,ano county
alone and keep them wtll. We are
speaking now more particularly as to
tbe value of their wool and incease
and of the profits that are bound to oc
cur by continuous and thrity care of
the domestic goat. As to their adapt
ability to our climate there is no ques
tion, and as to the numerous advantages
arising from raising goits. this has been
thoroughly and satisfactorily settled
long since.
We would earnestly commend this
suojectto the-'active and enternrisina
tar mcrs from the Eastern States, who
are now locating and wh? expect to lo
cate in Lane county, recognising that
this Industry may be made one of the
uivb usviui aim prontaoie wumn mv
II . m I M 1 t . - -
euure range oi hum ana noiu prouucis.
The estimated amount of timber In
Oregon la 300,000,000,000 feet (iu round
numbers), board measure. Lane county
leads with 28,800,000,000. .
The lumbering industry baa assumed
greater proportions during the year than
ever before. The Willamette, McKen
tie, Siuslaw, Coast Fork and West Fork
Rivers, Long Tom, lake, Greenleaf, No
Tie, Fish, Nelson and numerous othor
creeks afford the best facilities for float
ing logs to tide water, or to most any
point on the Southern Pacific for a dis
tance of 200 miles. Great bodies of the
finest noble fir (commonly known as
larch), sugar and vol low nine, cedar.
oak, ash, maple, balm, and numerous
other species of soft and hard woods, lie
all about us, untouched, awaiting but
the investment of capital to place it on
the markets ot the world In the various
forms known to tho wants of man.
Timber lands can be purchased for from
itiof per acre, the pnc .lepemuug
upon the amount and kind of timber
and its location. The Southern Pacific
Railroad Company has thousands of
acres of fine timber lands for sale.
The Booth-Kelly' Lumber Company,
the largest manufacturers of lumber in
the county, are operating three large
plants, at Coburjf, Saginaw and Wend
ling, with aii average daily capacity
cf 310,000 feet, tbe great majority of
Why You Should Settle
in Lane County . :
Because it is the bent country known to
the man ot moderate means.
Because you. will find a country of rich
soil awaiting the settler.
Becanse there are uplands, prairie lands
and alluvia) river bottoms.
Because you can be certain of profitable
returns from whatever you put
in tho soil.
Because the winter does not consume
what the summer produces.
Because there are more and better op
portunities for diversified farm
ing than elsewhere.
Because the seasons are regular, and no
fear of crop failure. ;
Because the country is never scourged
by cyclone, devastating storms
or blizzard..
Because everything grown cliowhcretsn
be produced here more abun
dantly. Because there are more chances for the
, profitable investment of capital
than elsewhere.
Because for lealthfulnefs this sortion Is
miYta.!i:d ou the Lwo. ot the
gVjln-; ''
Becuuiv he v ro long winter months
! cuc 'unter, with no excessive
diy h at in summer.
which is shipped to points outside of
Oregon, the tjouthern Pacific Railroad
Company having constructed 22 miles
of railroad for the exclusive purpose of
reaching and hauling out the output of
the Wendling plant. The main otflcea
of this company are in Eugene.
There 8 re numerous other smaller
plants in the county.
The total cut ot lumber and shingles
for 1800 in the State ot Oregon was fctfJ,
425,000 feet. Of this the mills of Port
land alone cut 150,000,000 feet.
Steadily increasing demand comes
from China, Japan, Blberia, Australia,
Mexico, Poulh America and Eurojie, as
well as California and the Eastern States.
Of merchantable hardwoods, myrtle,
maple and ash grow to goodly size, and
are used in furniture and implement
manufacture, but this branch of indus
try has thus far been of limited extent.
As a dairying section I-nne county
possesses many advontages. Grasses of
all kinds, both native and cultivated,
grow in luxuriance. Cattle have to de
pend but little upon hay, since the
warm rains, from early in the fall to late
In tho spring, keep tho grass growing.
Even in the dry summer season grass
remains fresh and green iu the mead
ows along river and creek hot torn and
in tho mountain valleys. Timothy Is
the leading grass, but wMte and red
clover make remarkable growths, espe
cially the former, which springs up
spontaneously on the hi'.ls wherever the
destruction of trees and underbrush
gives It an opportunity. Tho natural
grasses, the cool summer breezes blow
ing in from tho Pacific, unfailing water
supply, the luxuriance with which the
clovers and roots thrive, combine to
make Lane county the ideal homo of the
cow. Act returns to dairymen range
from to $50 per cw per annum, de
ponding upon the grade of the cow and
the intelligence with which the dairy
man manages his herd. The numerous
ocean-going craft leaving tho ports of
Portland, Koattle and Tacoma for tho
Orient and all nartS of tho dobe is a
perpetucl guarantee of a never-failing
market for dairy and all othor products.
Tho mineral resources of Lane county
are extensive and valuable. The,dis-
trt8 attracting tho most attention are
the Bohemia and Blue River. In the
former 08 stamps are now installed.
There are any number of rich mines
in the Bohemia district, principal among
wutvii nn m iiuicna, Annie, Mustek,
Stocks Harlow, Golden flipper and
Champion, and It is destined to become
a second Cripple Creek. Probably the
richest body ot ore In the district at the
present time uncovered is in the Helena
projwrty. Where they are working now
the ore is so lieii the miners break it
down on canvas and sack it up to carry
it to the mill. It fairly sparkles with
the thousands of specks ot gold sticking
ail over it. '
Junction City.
lunctlon City, Oregon, is situated in
the northern pari of Lane county, 110
miles south ot Portland, 57 miles south
of Salem, the capital of the State, and
H miles north of Eugene, the county
seat. It Is on the , main line ot the
Southern Pacific Railroad, and has a
population of about 1000 inhabitants.
It Is one of the most prosperous and en
terrorising cities to tho Willamette Vat
ley, Tho city is platted on either side
of the fJouttarn Pacific tracks, and is in
tho center of the widest portion of tho
Willamette Valley. All kinds of mer-
cantile latere? ts, professions and trades
are here represented. Junction City
has three churches, and a graded school
building that coat ovr rfiOOfl. The hotel
Because you will find as orderly cot
in unities as anywhere ou this
Because you will find the most open-
hearted people in the world.
BccauiH) It is In the widest portion of the
fertile Willamette Valley,
Because as a dalrvlng suction it ha.'i no
equal. It is the ideal home (
the cow.
Because for live stock, goat and sheep
raising it can't bo beat.
Because It contains a larger amount of
the beft merchantable timU-r
than any couuty Iu the Unifd
Because of the great and growing trade
with China, Japan, th Philip-
pine, Hawaii, Alaska, and
every other port on the face ol
the globe, this section is sure
t a never-failing market for
Us grain, its lumber, live stuck
mid dairy product. No por
tion of the United Ktatos has as
bright a future before it today
as the Willamette Valley, in
Becau&o education is paramount. '.Tub-
.... He schools and churches are to
be found in every community.
block was built by a stock company of
citizens, and cost over 123,000. Here Is
also to be found one of the finest opera
houses between San Francisco and Port
land. We have one bank, the Farmers
& Merchants', owned by home capital
ists. It is a solid Institution. There
are three largo grain elevators here, two
newspapers, waterworks, a good steam
fire engine. Also a full roller process
flour mill, which has gained an enviable
reputation for the excellence ot Its
flour both at home and abroad. This
mill pays tho highest market price for
its wheat, and pays cash. It is also a
a sound financial institution.
There is more grain and other pro
duce, including live stock, shipped from
this point than from any other place in
the Wlliametto Valley.
Another enterprise is a fruit drying
establishment, with tho latest improve
ments for steam evirating process,
with a drying capacity ot 1000 bushels
of prunes per duy. This plant bus a
warehouse and canning department, and
is one of the most complete ot its kind in
the gtlato. It Is indispensable to tbe
fruit Industry in this section.
Ten acres of good hearing fruit trees,
with proper care and attention, can be
made to net the owner from (500 to $84 0
per annum. In starting these orchards
and setting out trees from two to throe
yearhold, they will begin bearing the
fourth or fifth year, and you need not
bn out the use of your land from the
time of sotting out the trees until they
come to liearing. They do better to
have the land cultivated. You can
plant with vegetables, and by so doing
make it profllaUo each year. Land
suitable for these orchards can bo
bought at f 15 to $r0 per acre, according
to location, Apple and pour orchards
ere also vfcry proil table,
Another enterprise, and not the leapt
by any means, Is a creamery that bus
Jrst been established here by the
Wcatherly Creamery Co., of Portlmd,
one ot the substantial and wldoawake
business concern ot that city, The
plant Is equipped with the very latoit
machinery for making butter, and tins a
capacity of 2000 pounds a day. Besides
supplying the wants of the poopla
ot this vicinity, through our merchants,
trl-wwtkly shipments are made to Port
land, where there Is always an active
market tor dairy products.
Here Is a grand opportunity to msko
a good comfortable living snd lay tip
somo money for a rainy d. nt
dairy cows will net the owner from (30
to 50 per cow per annum. There Is
any amount of excellent land for dairy
purposus, In ckse nrox mitv tn Jiinii,,,,
City, that can be purchased In parcel
10 sun at irom f is to 23 per acre. The
Creamery company pays the highest
mantei price lor butter fat, and pays In
cash once a month, so thai Its patrons
are never without ready caslu-oud that
puts a man on the same footing as tho
village blacksmith, who "looked the
whole world In the face, for he owed not
any man," No industry offers better
Inducements or insures a better return
for the money invested than a herd of
good dairy cows intelligently managed. '
The Willamette Valley extends west
ward from Junction City about 15 milea
to the foothills of the Con.t Range,
Southwest of Junction, nrartlivst foot-,
hills, it, Klmira, on the stage line to tho
coast. There is quite a little business
carried on at this place. Html des a post
office, there are stores, a church, school
house, sawmill, blacksmith shop, etc.
It is situated on the Long Tom River,
whlctj flows north through Monroe, an-,
other flourishing little town, in Benton
county, ami empties Into the Wlilametto
River somo six or eight milts northeast ,
of Monroe. The Government has al
ready appropriated money to iMprovo"1
this stream aud make it unvtgablo to iti
mouth. .
Hsirisburg is the first nation nni-il.
of Junction City, at a distance of 4
miles, on the main lino of the Southern
Pacific railroad. It is on the
vf the Willamette River, in the southern
part of Linn county. It has about 7oo
inhabitants, and is surrounded by as
fertile farming hind as there is In tho
Valley. This is "the home of the hop,
which proved so profitable to the grow
ers the past season. Ifarrisburg has a
flour mill, bank, several general mer
chandise stores, a good hotel, several
churches and a first-class graded school.
The Willamette River is navigable from
Harrishurg to Portland. ,
In the south part of Linn and Benton
couctles and the north part ot Lane
county is to be foond the best farmiug
land in the Willamette Valley.
(In this write-up and description ot
this section of the country it has itot
been our intention to misrepresent or
over-estimate anything, snd Ihoso visit
ing tho Valley will find this a fair but
limited representation. Editor.
For many centuries the hordes of tho
Orient have subsisted upon rice, to tho
exclusion of other food staples, Natu
rally they have grown a little tired of
the monotony who would not after a
thousand years? and the introduction
ot American four has produced a revo
lution of diet. Teing excellent, cheap
and palatable, the more tho Chinese
use our flour the more they want it, and
it seems only a question of time until
rice Is supplanted by wheat flour, which
contains morn nearly the needed pro-
rortionsof glnter, protein and fat, the
hree great essentials for human exist
ence. The ninny uses to which Ameri
can flour can lie put has been n revela
tion to the Chinese, and its economical
side appeals to l ira most strongly, since
he can sell his rice to the outside world,
and buy our flour for one-half the Cot of
his staple. .
-In 1880 there were exported to the
Orient only 418,000 barrel of Hour; in
ISM) this had grown to 2,000,000 barrels.
With increased ocean tonnage, fairer
tariffs by the carriers as against wheat,
reduction by reciprocity or special treaty
of the flour duties now imposed at foreign
ports, the milling may bo presorvud to
the Pacific Coast, rather than done by
the fortiignor. Oregon now possesses
liW flour mills, with daily capacity of
14,000 barrels, of which 0,000 barrels uro
ground exclusively for the export trade.
.... r
J, 8, Fergueson, R. N. Nelson and W,
W, Cook wore registered at JEugerio
yosterday. . ,' ; ', ' ' ' -.
John M. Moore, of Junction City,,
who has been second lieutenant ot Cov
A, Fourth Regiment 0 N O, of this pity
since the organization of the company
over a year ago. Guard,;
Wm, Peniand, the sheep king ot Vmi