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About Junction City bulletin. (Junction City, Or.) 189?-1901 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 21, 1901)
?s . iko Land VJhorc RoSSg :"iho
To Picture Its Wealth
of Buskin or the
Bounteous nature loves nil lands,
F-eauty wanders everywhere,
Footprints leaves on many strands,
Vut her home is surely here.
Angels toM their wings and rest
In this EJen of the West.
I .a no eonnty extends from the summit
of the Cascades to the Pacific Ocean. In
sue it is about five times as large as
Rhode Island or Connecticut. It fronts
t'i the Pacific a distance of thirty miles,
ith a splendid harbor at the city of
Florence. It occupies every altitude
tYum ti e ocean beach t- the glazier
crowned summit of the "Three Sisters"
:;t the southeastern corner of thecounty.
The Coast Ranee cuts it in two from
north to south.
Ijine county is half prairie land, with
very rich soil, producing abundant crops
i.f grain, hay, fruit and vegetables, and
half hill and upland. The table-lands
bordering the valleys are partly covered
with timber or brush, most of it being
len enough for line pasturage. These
lands nre fertile and yield abundant
rops wheu cultivated. Every crop that
grows in the Willamette Valley glows
i:i Lane county. All the farms are sup
plied front natural sources with the best
i water. The immense timber wealth,
.-".regating nearly 2) (WO.OOO.'VjO feet. is
-.v-t beginning to receive attention. Xo
county in the United States has us lar,e
.an amount of timber as Lane. The fa
nous Bohemia mining district, deMiued
to become the Cripple Creek of Oregon,
'.:' partly in Lane county.
Hie population of Lane county is
..'oont 2:1,000, all white. The county h
r.ii liy adding to its population desir
::'.'!: immigrants from the Eastern
States. Eugene, 1 I miles south if June-
on City, with n population of S.OO'), W
i !ii comity Beat.
The county's indebtedness, titit-.nitisig
t ?vdX, is comparatively small, end
lit tix levy but 21 mills.
The following is a summary of the
productions of Lane county for iiWO:
Av.-es in county
A:; res under cultivation.
.shels of wheat.
v -.labels of oats ......
. . :2,7o'.TV)
... 7 ,'.
. . . o-,r DUO
. ir'.ey end rye
-o'leh of corn, 1 ..... .
Vol s of hay
!i;i.-iliels of potatoes
i ;tter and cheese, pounds.
i' "ud? of hops
-!-heU of apples
!"--ishela of pears ......
J .i.-hcls of prunes
j.uuiber, feet. . : '. . .
( j-.ices of gold dust
. . .
. . . 2').m
. . . 8.'),IW t
. .. 2-').o i)
. .. .r,50,UO0
. . . 20.0GO
. . . 75.0W
. .. 15 .XK)
Excepting the tropical and citrus va
rVties, all fruits thrive in Lane county
eve.i the tender olive and iig. Al
monds, peanuts and walnuts have
j i.ssed beyond the experimental stagc.
Fruit has been grown in Orogn for 40
years, hut only of late years in a scien
tific :n inner. Th.e State now supplies
iiM and information, throng!) the board
k Horticulture and the Corvailis Agri-Lo!t;-.r:tl
College.. Xo r.;o need longer
f-t.it through ignorance of proper uilli-
. of s.oi-ic selection, platting, cnttivti
t on, pruning an.i science o; p.i'.liic-.tion
ll-re as flsjwhere hortieiilturj calls for
p.unstaking aiid iiiteHiiot work and
j.r.at it.itienca. Large profits have been
in i ,1 iii the past, ibpeiid'ng of arse'to
co-.jsidarahle xtent upon the energy,
are ai;d capital expended, as well as
r-ohtction of stock and loculiy. '
A ip!es, peaches, pear!', prnnes, grapes,
' w .Mrnieloiis and walnuts are ti;e cliief
fr:it prnducfs..."It is surrisirig that
v.'ine gtapes have iiot boon trown here
morp extensively. ;: Tla3 hi Isides of Lace
ouiity tlitmld be covered with vinfe
y.irds, and no, better quality car. Ij
i.-ised abroac. 'V " ' '
In 1833 0ry;foit shipped 500
r;-tE3 ' carloads of apples totiermany.
England. Mexico, Asia, and
t '.us Atlantic seaboard. This output will
b!iov lar'e iucrfef.0 as new acreage
comes to bear and old orchards have
better care. Years of experience have
do.-iioiistri.tid that Lane county can
K.'ecessfuily grow apples as a commer
cial product. The fains of the rod apple
i,! Western Oregm is well established;
jt periectiofi is due to the moisture in
f.:rand soil at tirocof maturing. Ilore
in Lane cnnty the Paid win, Spitzen
b.?rg and King aie the leading varieties,
T,-irh the lien Davis, Johnalhan, Wine
Etr and Gras'enstein.
Oregon ranks a good second in
P3SXE3 " ruiie production, which ia
how practically confinnd to
the Pacific states. Ever sensitive to
envlroiuiient, the successful growth of
the prune will always be confined to
favored localities; it cannot
Would Require the Pen
Brush of a Durer.
far ami wide like wheat or berries. The
early settlers found that the plum was
peculiarly adapted to growth in West
ern Oregon, particularly Lane county,
and that its yearly yield of luscious fruit
was nearly as sure as the coming of the
seasons. Gradually the successful cub
turo of the prune and its proiitablo re
turn brought the fruit prominently be
fore the public, and today we tlnd an
acivngo of prune orchards in the Wil
lamette Vallev exceeded only by our
neighbor, California. Bui he"'C no irri
gation is necessarv, which insures ft
meaty, sugary fruit of large size. Va
rieties are here grows: that are not
found elsewhere, and the heated evapo
ration process of passing air through
the fruit, gives a clean and bright pro
duet obtainable by no other means.
The price of prunes has not yet
touched h figure so low that profit is
wanting to the Oregon producer. Bo
long as transportation facilities are fa
vorable (as they exist here), that sec
tiou of country which can grow a prune
of required quality at the least outlay of
labor and money, will be the longest in
the race. The Willamette Valley has
unquestionably theTsoil and the rain;
land is not expensive; the trees grow
vigorously and bear heavy crops and
large, showy fruit. Cultivating and
spraying call for little labor or expense ;
the fruit is bolter cured by the evapora
tors than in the sun and quite as cheap
ly, since plenty of fuel is at hand. In
tine, no other locality enjoys trcater
advantages at the start and up to the
point A bearin .;. Tim demand for Ore
gon prunes it) steadily increasing in the
markets of the world.
The shipments from Oregon in 1S9",
the latent statistics we have at hand,
Dried prunes Ifi.S.W.OOO lbs.
Gresn prunes 8,75J,0)0 lbs.
.SO.oOv), 000 lbs.
Lane county is fast Incoming one of
the prcst cattle producing conation . in
the Slate. The mild v inters, the f.ict that
native grasses remain green during the
year, and the ease with which cultivated
grasses can bj raise" I make it nu excel
bint country for every kind of stock.
The general practice of Lane county
farmer is to provide fodder for only a
am ill part of tin) year, during theb.il
am- joi winch tho stick roam at largo.
Rurmiiu water is abuudant, aud stock
floes not lack water in the driest soason.
The lartr't owners of linrned stock are
improving greatly by infusing fine blood
into their iterds. There are numerous
breeders of Shorthorns, Galloways.
Foiled Aliens, Ayrshire', Hereford,
(Iolsteins, Devons, Atdcrncvs and Jer
seys i:i the Willamette Valley. The
lar'i! introduction of line bhod Into the
cattle herds of this sect inn has greatly
increased their value and the profit of
THE ASGOKA COAT.
D::riig tiie past ten years a number of
our lictii'e farmers have been introduc
ing the Angora goat into I.at:6 county,
especially in the . foot-hill country.
These thrifty farmers had but one object
in view at the time the-e goats were
rur-v-hascd. and that was to clu.ir no their
.turiiiSH' soiull exjiiMc. They bought
. (tlio goat -for his work and not for his
wool. During the past five vears. how
ever, thiu has been n gn-:it revolution
iu the goat industry. Manufacturers
arw beginning to discover the ni3ny ad
vantages and special qualities of mohair.
Xiinieroun teirublo and elegant fabrics
ar-i no-.v being mad from tliin wool, and
it bus been found tliat the gooils are ex
ceediiigly fin.e -and durable. Another
specb.l feature of this goods is, that It is
much more :fre from tie? attacks of
moths than goods made from sheep's
wool. For this reason, it is said that
the major po'tion of the valuable up
hofctcrv low ued in railway cars, is
made of goat's wool.
The entire number of Angora g.?ats in
Lan3 county today will probably no
exceed (OOO head. ' When wo come to
consider the vast area of good brush
country in this county, so well adapted
to goat grazing, we can readily ne that,
Insu-ad of the-' small number now kept,
we could keep to advantage hundreds
of thousands of goats in J,;uie county
alone and keep them well. Wo are
speaking now more particularly as to
the value of their wool and increase
and of the profits that are bound to oc
cur by continuous and thrifty care of
the domestic goat. As to their adapt
ability to our climate there is no ques
tion, and as to the numerous advantages
arming from raising gouts, this has been
thoroughly and satisfactorily settled
We would earnestly pnmi.iin1 tld
subject to the active 'and enterprising!
J hwmers Irom the Eastern States, who
are tiow locating and who, expect ta lo
cate iu Lane county, 'revognuiug thai
this industry mav W Jmtdo tme of the
most useful, and profitable within, ths
eutire ranj;e of farm and field products.
THE LUMBER ISTUSITUY.
The estimated amount .'of timber la
Oregon is 300,000,000,000 feet (in round
numbers), bonnj measure. Lone county
leads with 88,80O,00O,OOO.:- f ' ,
The lumbering Industry baa assumed
greater proportions during the year thati
over before. The Willamette, McKen
tie, Hiuslaw, Coast Fork aud West Fork
Rivers", Long Tom, Ike, Ureenloaf, Xo
fie, Fish, Nelson and numerous other
creeks afford the best facilities for float
ing log to tide water, or to most any
point on the Southern Pacitle for a ilis
tance of 200 miles. Groat bodies of the
finest noble flr (commonly known as
larch), sugar and yellow idne, cedar,
oak, ash, maple, hnhn, and numerous
other species of soft nd hard woods, lie
all about us," untouched, awaiting but
the investment of capital to idaco it on
the markets ot the world in the various
forms known to the wants ot man.
Timlxr lands can bo purchased for from
to f 7 per acre, the price depending
upon the amount and kind of timlwr
and its location. The Southern Pacific
Railroad Company has thousands of
acres of fine timber lands for sale.
The ltooth-Kelly Lumber Company,
the largest manufacturers of lumber in
tho county, are nitrating three largo
plants, at Cobuiy, Saginaw and Wend
ling, with aiu average daily capacity
cf 310,000 feet, the great majority of
Why You Should Settle
in Lane County. .
Because it is the kst country known to
the man of moderate means.
Pecause you will find a country of rich
soil awaiting the settler.
Because there are uplands, prairie lands
and.alluvial river Kttoms.
Because yon cou bo certain of profitable
returns from w hatever you put
in the soil.
Because the winter does not consume
what the summer pnnluces.
Bccanso there are more and better op-
ortumlie f-r diversified farm
ing than elsewhere.
Because the seasons are regular, and no
fear of crop failure.
Because the country is never scourged
by cvelone, devastating storms
Because everything grown elsewheecau
Iw iiroiluued here more abun
dantly. Because there ar? more chances for the
profitable investment of capital
Because for healthhilncss this eectiou is
nnequaleil on tho face of the
Becansa j ou have n J long winter mouths
to o'lcounter, with no excessive
dry heat in summer.
which is shipped to points outside of
Oregon, the Southern Pacific Railroad
Company having constructed ?2 miles
of railroad for the exclusive purpoHeof
reaching and hauling out the output of
the Wendling plant. The main offices
of this company are in Eugene
There are numerous other smaller
plants in the county.
Tho total cut of lumber and shingles
for 1390 in the State of ( regon was JW0,
425,000 feet. Of this the mills of Port
land alone cut 150,000,000 feet.
Steadily increasing demand comes
from China, Japan, Siberia, Australia,
Mexico, South America ond Europe, ns
well ns California and the Eastern States,
Of merchantable hardwoods, myrtle,
maple and ash grow to goodly sue, and
are used in furniture and implement
manufacture, but this branch of indus
try has thus far been of limited extent.
As a dairying section Lnno county
possesses many advantages. Grasses of
all kinds, bothrnative and cultivated,
grow n luxuriance. Cattle have to de
pend but little upon hay, since tho
warm rains, from early in the fall to late
in the spring, keep the grass growing".
Even inthndry summer season grass
remains fresh and green iu the mead
ows along river and creek bottoms and
in the mountain valleys. Timothy is
the leading grass, but wtite and red
clover make remarkable growthn, espe
cially the former, which springs up
spontaneously on tho hills wherever the
destruction of trees and underbrush
gives it an opportunity. The natural
frasses, the cool summer "breezes blow
ng In from the Pacific, unfailing water
supply, the luxuriance with which the
clovers and rcofs thrive, combine to
make Lane county tho ideal home of the
cow. Net returns to dairymen range
from ?;0 to foil per cow per annum, do
pending upon tho grade of 'the cow and
the intelligence with which tho dairy
man manages his herd.- The numerous
ocean-going craft leaving the ports of
Portland, Seattle and TacOma for the
Orient and all parts of the globe is a
perpetual guarantee of a never-failing
market for dairy and all othor products.
The mineral resources of Lane county
are extensive and valuable. Tho dis
tricts attracting the most ottention are
tho BonotiUaCand',15lui:riiIT'fci', ,: In ihe
former. .0$ lUutn jtro tmw Installed,
rhero are anV" hunt bet of rteli mines
In the rKdieinlif' tstrlct, principal among
which uro the Helena, Annie, Musick,
Stocks & Harlow, Golden Slipper and
Champion, and it Is dentlned to Womo
a socoud Cripple Cri)ek. Pjrolmbly the
richest body of ora in the district at the
present time uncovered Is in the Helena
property. Where they ar workina now
t!io rirn la an tl.h !,. ..!...,. t.
down on canvas and sack it up to carry
i , mi w i xairiy sparkles with
tllU thOUMftnda of aiwteka if .il.l utl..Ll....
ail over it.
Jttitctk.n City, Oregon, it situated in
the northern part of Ine county, 110
miles south of Portland, 57 miles south
of Salem, the capital of the State, and
14 miles north of Eugene, thecounty
seat. It is.ou the main lino of the
Southern Pacific Railroad, and lias a
population of about 1000 inhabitants,
It is one of tho most prosperous and en
terprising cities in the Willamette Val
ley. The city is platted on either side
of tho Southern Pacific i racks, and is in
the center of thewident pcrtlonof tho
Willamette Valley. All kinds of mer
cantile interests, professions and trades
are here represented. Junction City
has three churches, and a graded school
building that cost over ((1000. The hotel
Because yon will find a orderly conv
munitiesas anywhere on this
Because you will find the most otn
henrtiHl jwoplo In the world.
Because it Is In the widest portion of the
icrtiie vt utsmetie Vauey,
P?canse as a dairying section it has no
equal. It i tho ideal homo of
Because for live stock, gost and sheep
raising it can't be beat.
Because it contains a larger amount of
the best inorchantahlo timtwr
than any county In tho United
Because of the great apd growing trndt
with China, Jjipaa, the Philip
pines, Hawaii, Alaska, and
every other ort on the face of
the gloln-, this section is sure
of a nevir-failing market for
its grain, its lumber, live stock
and dairy praditjts. No ior
tion of the L nited States has as
bright a future before it today
as tho Willamette Volley, in
Be can we education is pa rn mount, Pul
lie schools and churches are to
be found in every community,
block was built by a aock company of
citizens, and cost over llM.WX). Here is
also to bo found one of the finest opera
houses between San Francisco and Port
land. We have one bank, the Farmers
Jc Men-hunts, owned by home capital
ids. It is a solid institution. There
are three largo grain elevators here, two
newspapers, waterworks, a good steam
fire engine. Also a full roller process
flour mill, which has (rained an enviable
reputation for tho excellence of its
Hour both at home and abroad. This
mill pays tha highest market price for
Us wheat, and pas cash. It is also u
a sound financial institution.
There -is rnoro grain and other pro
duce, including live tock, shipped from
this point than from any other place in
the Wilfametto Valley.
Another enterprise is a fruit drying
establishment, with the latest improve
ments for steam evaporating process,
w ith a drying capacity of 1000 bushels
of prunes per day. This plant has n
warehouse and canning department, and
is one of tho most complete of'its kind in
the Slate. It is indispensable to the
fruit imlut try in this scfctkin. ,
Ten acres of good bearing fruit tree!,
with proper care and attention, can be
made to net tho owner from ff00 to fft 0
per annum. In. starting these orchards
and sotting out trees from two to thren
years old, they w ill begin bearing the
fourth or fifth year, and you need not
bo out the use of your land from tho
time of setting out. the trees until they
come to bearing. They do better to
have tho land cultivated. You can
plant with vcgutuble, and by so doing
mako it profitable each year. Land
suitable for these orchards can bo
bought at $15 to f50 per aero, nc.'oniiwjt
to location. Apple' aud puar on-hard
aro also very profitable.
Another enterprise, and ot tho least
by any means, is a creamery that lias
jnst been established hero by the
Weatherly Creamery Co., of rortlmul,
one of the substantial and wide-awake
business concerns of that city. The
pTnht Is equipped, with' tho Wry latciF
machinery, fur making butler,, ond )"
capacity of 2000 ponjiidi a day, ' Besides
supplying" the tvaittr if the peopJe
of this vicinity, through our merchants,
trl-weekly shipments aro , made to Port
land, whore there is always an active
market for dairy' product'.
Hera Is a grind opportunity to mnta
a gixsl comfortable living and lay Hp
some money for" "rainy, day. Good
dairy cows will net tho owner from 30
to 50 per cow per annum. There It
any amount of excellent land for dairy
purposes, io chse proximity to Junction
City t that cou, bo purchased in parcel
to suit at from f 12 to f-5 per acre. Tho
Creamery company pay tho highest
market prlco for butter fat, and pays iu
cash once a mouth, in that its patrons
are never without ready caili and that
put a man on tho tamo footing as tin?
village blacksmith, who "looked tho
whole world in tho face, for ho owed not
any man." No industry offers belter.
Inducement or insures a better return
for tho money invested than a herd of
good dairy cow iutelllgently ruamigcd.
Tho Willamelto Valley oxtends west
ward from Junction City about 13 miles
to tho foothill ot tho Coast Range.
Southwest of Junction, near these foot
hills, It Eluiira, ou the stage line to trio
coast. There la quite a little business
carried on at this place. Besides a post
office, there aro stores, a church, school
house, sawmill, blacksmith shop, etc.
It i situated on the Long Tom River,
whict flow north through Monroe, an
other flourishing little town, In Benton
county, and empties Into tho WIHamelto
River some six or eight miles northeast
of Monroe, The Government has al
ready appropriated money to Imprnvo
this stream aud make it naxigahlo to its
Monroe Is 0 miles northwest of Junc
tion City, In P-onton county, and Is sur
rounded by a good farming country. U
has two large general merchandise storci,
a drug store, livery stable, school, Cath
olic and Protectant churches. It is 17
miles bouUi of Corvailis, tho county seat
of Benton county. A new railroad from
Junction City through Monroe to Cor
vailis, to connect the main line of tho
Southern Pacific with this . branch road
from Portland to Corvailis, is a th'.ng of
the near future.
Hiirlsburg is the first station north
of Junction City, at a' distance of 4
miles, on tho main lino of the For theru
Psciile railroad. It is on the east aide
a the Willamette River, m the southern
part of Linn county. It lias alwut 700
inhabitants, and Is surrounded tby a
fertile f irming land as there is in the
Valley. This is the home of the lo;n
which proved so profitable to the grow
crs tho -past season Harriahurg has a
flour mill, bank, several general mer
chandise stores, a good hotul, several
churches and a first-class graded school.
Tho Willamette River Is navigsblo from
Harrisburg to Portland.
I n'tho south' part of Linn and Benton
counties and the iifirth part of TJine
county is to bo found the best farming
land in tho Willamettd Valleyk 1
In this write-up and description of
this tte'cllbh of tho country it has not
been our, intention to misrepresent or
ovor-cstimate anything, and thoso visit
ing the Valley will find, this a fair but
Granted to Pacific States inventors this
week. Reported by C. A. Snow Co.,
Potent Attorneys, 'Washington, D.'C
J. W. Ghtsen, Astoria, Oreg., heater for
soldo'rlng Irons j ir.-li; Welch, Astoria,
Oro'., flsh trap;J."l. W'illiamSon, San
Francisco, Col., hydrocarbon bu.ner j A.
Wolf, Silverton, Ore:, liop-drvlng' box j
J. H. Yeakev, IC-dding, Cab, automatic
tack and lath-nnll machine.
For copy of any of above patniitssend
ten fn1s l postage stamps with date of
this paper to C. A. Snow & Co., Wash
FREE TO INVENTORS;"
Tho experience of O A Snow A Co. in
obtaining more than iO.OCO patents for
inventors has enabled them to helpfully
answer many questions relating to tho
protection of Intellectual property.
This (hey have done in a pamphlet
treating Irielly ol United States and
foreign potonts, with cost of bp mo, and
Low to procure them , trade marks,
designs, cavcata, Infringement decisions
in leading patent casus, etc., etc.
This pamphlet will bo sent free toanv
ono writing to C A Snow A Co., Wttbli
ingU n, Lr 0. f