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About The Sumpter miner. (Sumpter, Or.) 1899-1905 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 29, 1902)
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Wednesday, October 29, 1902
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PROGRESS IN MINING.
Application of Wlndhut of Comparatively
One of the most important eras in the
history of mining for the precious metals
was the application of gunpowder to the
purpose. This took place in Hungary or
Germany about 1020, and wan followed
by the use of explosives in Kugland in
M70, when some German miners Intro
duced its use in a copper mine operated
at F.ctnn, Staffordshire.
Many mines could not possibly have
been worked without the nid of gunpow
der, and until it was used subterranean
oH)rations must have been dillicult and
very uncertain. The use of explosives
with the adoption of mechanical hoist
ing apparatus, may be said to have been
the legintiiug of deep mining.
The hammer and wedges were probab
ly the 11 rut means employed for splitting
rocks. These were followed by the pick,
which is med both us a hammer and
wedge. In the mines of southern Kng
land many tools of oak have been met
with, which, according to the traditions
of the Cornish miners, were used by the
Saxons or Danes. Wedges of dry wood
were used by driving them into clefts of
the rock, and then wetting them so us
to cause them to swell, and thus, by re
peated similar insertions, to forco the
rock asunder. Fire and water were
pomotimcH employed for u like splitting
purpose. This was the universal prac
tice in ancient times.
The use of a windlass and bucket, sim
ple as it is, must lie reckoned as an im
provement of comparatively late date,
though now superseded largely by more
effective machinery, rendered possible
by the invention of the steam engine, of
still later date. In parts of South Amer
ica and other parts of the world, whore
foreign capital has not made its apear
mice, the windlass is even yet hardly
known. The ores are still either packed
up on natives' backs, or where the situ
ation admits of sloping roads to the bot
tom of the mines, are conveyed to the
surface on the backs of animals.
The mining industry, like every other
occupation to which man turns his hand,
has advanced by slow and uncertain
steps, and it is within the memory of
many men yet living since it has become
truly established ujmjii a scientific basis.
With this effected, however, as it now is,
mining is the world's surest and great
est avenue of wealth production, and the
nations which are most actively inter
ested in the business are those which
lead in wealth and influence. Exchange.
ORE SHIPMENT COMPETITION.
Result in 'Lower Rail Rate to Coast
J. l Kennedy, manager of the Badger
mine, at Susanville, has writtou several
letters to Pendleton men, among them
R. Alexander and Leon Cohen, asking
that Pendleton business men endeavor
to secure a lower freight rate over the
W. 5c C. R. and N. P. to Taeomm for ore
and concentrates. The subject was dis
cussed at the recent meeting of the com
mercial association, but no definite ac
tion taken by the association, though a
number of the members will attempt to
secure these rates.
Some weeks ago the Northern Pacific
and W. & C. It. reduced the rate from f 7
to 5.50 and heavy freight wagon loads
of concentrates began coming this way
from Susanville. The shipping point for
the Badger and other mines was thus
transferred from Whitney and Sumpter
to Pendleton, the O. R. Sc N. company
losing the haul. The 0. R. & N., to re
taliate, made the same rate from Whit
ney and the old fight was again opened.
The 11.60 difference in railroad rate was
sufficient to cause the teamsters to haul
Though the distance is farther than to
Whitney, the roads are better and great
er loads can be hauled. Kxeii8es are
also cheaper on the Pendleton route.
Since the action of the O. It. A X., the
freighters can make more bv going to
Now the Badger mine owners want a
f-l.oO rate from Pendleton to Tacoma,
preferring to come here, If it can be se
cured, for all their supplies, to do their
banking business here and to haul their
ores to this place for shipment to smel
ters. K. Alexander at the meeting of the
Pendleton commercial association made
a pointed saech on the value of securing
the Susanville and northern Grant coun
ty trade mid he was very much in favoi
of the association taking some action in
the matter. He incidentally remarked
that such work should be the real pur
pose of the association; that it was doing
nothing in that line and that Pendleton
business men should begin to reach out
for other business. He stated that the
trade from northern Grant county was
enormous and should be favored as much
as possible. Pendleton Tribune.
Experts Sample the Ornament.
.1. it. Fryer, the mining man, spent
several days last week in the Green
horns, in company with two experts for
Jonathan Bourne, Charles .liiuln and
Thomas Burns. Their trip was for the
purpose of examining the Ornament
property, which was thoroughly sam
pled by the exerts, for what puroso
will probably transpire later. The Or
nament is owned by Thomas McKwen,
of this city, and Fred Warren, the pio
neer mining man, who has spent nine
years developing the mine. It is under
bond to Killen, Warner fc Stewart. The
development work consists of about 1400
feet of drifts on the vein, which is from
threo to six feet In width.
Golconda Working Near Climax's.
Phil It. Bishop was down from tho
Climax mine, Cracker Creek district,
last week. He said he hits a force of five
men now at work running the upraise
through the UOO feet between the up-ier
and lower tunnels, 700 feet in. Air is
pumped in through power furnished by
a water wheel. Mr. Bishop says the
workings of the Climax and Golconda
are in such close proximity that the con
cussion of the blasts in the latter mine
knocks down candles in the Climax tun
nel, Use Giant powder, fuse ami caps.
Qnartand Placer Loca
tions, Tunnel Claim ami
IVater Right Locations,
Proof of Labor, Affidavit
of Discovery Work
(Mining Deed, Option to
Purchase, Quit Claim
Deed, Lease J j j j
Timber and Homestead Filings. ,
.Timber and homestead- tilings, as well
as final proofs, can be made before
Charles II. Chance, United States com
missioner, office in First Bank of Sump
ter building, Sumpter, thus saving ap
plicants expense of a trip to l.a Grande.
All the ladies of Sumpter and vicinity
are invited to call at Mrs. Chlpp's Mil
linery Parlors, opposite Basche's, and
iusHH!t her new line of fall and winter
hats, opening beginning September 17.
Harrison, the Giant Powder man
wants every miner to make his office
headquarters when in Sumpter.
All the latest novelties in hats at
Xc ill Mercantile company's.
TIMBER LAND. ACT JUNE i. m-8-NOTICE
UnlleJ Mates Lanj Oilier, (
La (iranje, Oregon, October at, iu. I
Nntloe Is herein' given that In minpllance vtlih the
provision- ot the act nf Cnngre of June . iRrH, en
tllleJ "An ad lor the tale ot timber lanJs In the
States ol California, Oregon, NesaJa an J Washing
ton Tertltory" at extenJeJ to all the I'uMIc LanJ
Stalest')' act of August 4, 9g,
WII.IIAM 15. IIIATT.
ol Maker Clt , cnuntv ol Maker, state of Oregon, hai
Ihlt Jay til-Jin thlioltice his sorn statement No.
t66, tor the purchase of the wjj nejf. se' nw,
n!,' self ol section No. io In township No. to south,
tange No. 6 l WM, an J villi offer rronl to show that
the lanj sought Is more valuable lor Its timber or
stone than lor agricultural purposes, anj to establish
his claim Io salJ lanj before the Register anJ Re
ceiver ol this oltice at La (iranje, Oregon, on Salur
Jav, ttie !7th Jav of January, tgt
lie names as witnesses: I'. A. Larsen, M.nk W,
CatJer, Caspei (iattlker, James Hunt, all of Maker
Anv anJ all persons claiming aJversely the above
JescribeJ lanJs are requestej to Me their claims In
this onice on or belore salJ nth Jay ol January, too-.
E. W. Mahti l!TT, Register.
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION,
Department ol the Interior.
united Male Lanj unice
La CiranJe. Orepon. Oct. so. luoa.
Notice Is hereby given that the following namej
I settler has MeJ notice ol his Intention In make linal
pruui in suppuri ui ni claim, ana mat saii pruoi win
be maJe belore Charles II. Chance, U. S. Commis
sioner, at Sumpter, Oregon, on January 8, toai,
vlt: H. E. No. 7686,
ERWIN 0. CiATEWOOD,
of McEwen, Oregon, for the ti sw'f section tg,
nri( nwj, nwjf netf section o, township 10 S, K j
He names the following witnesses to prove his
continuous reslJence upon anJ cultivation ol salJ
lanj, vlt: Isaac Williamson, Van Rennslaer MeaJ,
of Sumpter, Oregen: Albert Weiss anj Ansel Conk, ol
E. W. Mahhi.TT, Register.
NOTICE TOR PUMI.ICATION.
Department of the Interior, 1
Lanj Othce at La (iranJe, Oregon,
October , 190-. I
Notice Is hereby given thai the lolowlng-namel
settler has fileJ notice ol his Intention to make final
proof In support of his claim, anJ that salJ proof will
be maJe belore Charles II. Chance, U. S. commis
sioner at Sumpter, Oregon, on December 16, 190,
vlt: II. E, No ico)8,
of Sumpter, Oregon, for the sH sw)t' Sec, it anj
n)j nwK Sec. 1 Tp. to S. R V iwh.
lie names mt following witnesses to prove hit con
tinuous reslJence unan and cultivation nf salJ lanj.
vli: John Thompson, William Cireen, William Maker
an J J'llus M. Mall, all ol Sumpter. Oregon.
E. W. Uartiktt, Register.
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