Wednesday, October $, 1900 THE SUMPTER MINER. MINING IN EARLY DAYS Gold Output of Oregon and Washington $8,000,000. In the Oregon and Washington Ala manac for the year 1863 appears the fol 'owing concerning the mining region of Oregon and Washington at that time: "The development of the mining re sources of that portion of Oregon and Washington situated east of the Cascade range of mountains has led to the rapid settlement of that region, and as many persons will doubtless visit that region during the present year, we deem it both interesting and Important to Insert as much information regarding the auriferous region as can be condensed within a lim ited spice. "During the past two years, both rich and extensive gold mines have been suc cessfully worked along the banks of the John Day and Powder rivers in the vicin ity of Salmon river, the Nez Perces county, the Bitter Root Valley, Oro Kino and other sections of that locality. The cli mate In the Powder river country Is much more favorable for continuous mining operations than any other portion of the auriferous region, as miners can work in the Powder river mines earlier in the spring and later In the winter, than those engaged in other localities. AslJe from these advantages, the valleys of Powder river and John Day river are being settled by enterprising agriculturalists, who will be able to supply the mining population of that section with all the necessary edibles. "We have no statistical information upon which to base a safe calculation as to the exact amount of gold extracted from the mining regions of Oregon and Wash ington during the past two years, but all the knowledge we could procure upon this important question has been condensed Into the following figures: Up to Janu ary, 1862, Messrs. Wells, Fargo & Co. shipped from their Portland office 5Q3, 535.50 In gold dust from the Salmon river and other mines. Up to the same date, 20 leading mercantile houses of Portland shipped $604,609.75. During the same period, Mr. Agrell asayed, from May, 1861, to January, 1862, $95,567 making a total of $1,293,800 tor that period. This estimate does not include any amount of gold dust which returning miners may have carried out of the county, which would swell the amount to about $2,000,000. , "During 1863, however, the mines In Oregon and Washington began to be developed, and the yield of gold was much larger than during the preceding six months. Last year Messrs. Wells, Fargo & Co. alone shipped through their ex press to San Francisco, nearly $4,000,000, and It is safe to estimate the shipment trom all other sources combined at an equal amount." Largot Siphon In the World. A siphon whose diameter Is probably as large as any In the world is located near fcolse City, Idaho, and carries the water of Sheep creek across the Boise river. This 48-inch siphon Is Inverted; is 1700 feet long, maximum depression 350 feet; cost $36,700 and took four months and 20 days to build. Owing to the topography of the country everything used in its con struction had first to be raised 700 feet and then lowered 440 feet. The lightest piece of material handled weighed 3100 pounds. The whole force of water was turned on into the siphon suddenly and at once, not gradually, as is the usual custom. The pipe line of the Spring Valley Hydraulic Mining Co., at Cherokee, Cal., has an approximate inner diameter of 30 inches, discharging 52 cubic feet of water a sec onJ. At its greatest depression the Cher okee siphon sustain a depression of 887 feet 530 feet greater than at Boise City, here the greatest pressure sustained In its lower portion Is 167 pounds to the square Inch. In the Boise City line there never has been any tendency to move or any leak, In spite of the pressure. To ad mit of contraction and expansion without any derangement In position, the engineer invented expansion joints placed between e:.ch two elbows, the average movement during the course of construction of the pipe line in all of these expansion joints was seven-eighths of an inch between the extremes of temperature of night and day. The pipe being laid on the side of the hill, part of it at an angle of 45 degrees, this movement in the pipe line, if these expan sion joints had not been used, would either have deranged the position of the pipe or strained its riveting. Mining Re porter. Rich Srikc in theFarly Hill. A new strike has been made in the Far ley Hills district about sixteen miles north east of this city. The lucky man this time Is G. C. McCarty, the discovery be ing about a mile from the old McCntty ranch. Mr. McCarty was In the city yes terday having some samples tested. Of course some of these were picked samples, and ran as high as $400 in gold per ton. "rick" says he has been looking for this ledge for upwords of two years. He found very rich float on the ground in iKoSand has been prospecting for the ledge 'it odd times ever since. He only found the ledge a short time ago, and has done very little development wotk on it so far. He cross cut it showing It to be fully 12 feet wide, and thinks from the assay returns that several feet of it will pay to mill. Dem ocrat. Jamet Ncwland Buyt Stag Line Stock. James Newlands, who left Portland last spring to accept the position of cashier in one of Sumpter's banks, has been In the city the past three weeks visiting bis fam ily. He will return to Sumpter the latter part of the week, taking his family with him, and expects to make the new mining town his future home. Shortly before coming to Pun land Mr. Newlands re signed his position in the bank to accept the position of secretary of the Sumpter St.iai At TrniKnorLitlnn fninn.'inv' riinnlnir Mages and frright teams from Sumpter to Houmr, Liranite, rrame uuy, canyon City and the mines tributary. He has purchased an Intesest in this company, and in future will therefore be engaged in transportation business. Telegram. RIO GRANDE WESTERN RAILWAY IN UONI'OltON WIIH 1. DENVER A RIO GRANDE or COLORADO MIDLAND RAILROADS orriR cocf o THREE DISTINCT ROUTES MOST MAGNIFICENT SCENERY IN AMf RIOA. I r It IMC OwtV rNKOTIMN1M. II" MMl tltMCTlV TMHOUUM QUAINT 0 C1UIHQUf SALT LAKE CITY, LCADVILUC, COLORADO SMtlNOS an DENVM. TMI RIOORAND Wf STERN RAILWAY OPMATU THRCC r8T TRAINS 10 TNI IAKT DAILY. OARKYINQ HlSOTVMBn fliHRjfSJ flnnJW PhHhim Orthwy Sliipiw TO OMAHA AND CHICAGO Fraa RcoHnlne Chair Can. Pariaet DlnlnfCar larvtaa. J. D. Mansfield "T&JtrW. MO.W.HIINT,OM,IPaM,ra.lSaHUkOM Q m .IMPERIAL. i Lodging House I MRS. I:. E. IIKITTEN Furnished or Unfurnished Rooms. Neat, Clean and Reasonable in Price, jt j Oppeiiu liieht nirooiri tompiaf SUMPTER, OREGON Mines & Real Estate It you have a mine to sell It you have real estate to sell If you have a prospect to sell If yon have a house to rent If you want your rents collected If you want to engage help of any kind It you want to borrow money on re.il estate CALL ON ""'ffis,. W. H. W. Hamilton S"','STO THE WONDER fiEO. W. WI-IGAND, I'HOI'MI-TOK. GENERAL MERCHANDISE A complete stock of Dry Goods, Ladles and Men's Furnishings, Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing. THE WONDER, BOURNE, OREGON Delmonico Hotel At. SI'AN;i.i:i. I'roplrtor A First-Class New House, Well Furnished and Superior Table Service. Transient Rates Reasonable. Special Rates to I. oral Pat rons by the Week. Located One Block Hast of Depot, Corner Co lumbia and Auburn Streets. SUMPTER. OREGON Eureka Feed & Livery Company J. L. SULLIVAN, Manager. Horses Boarded by the day or Month. First class turn-outs unci saddle horses. Our spec ialty is the quick and safe delivery of freight and passengers to any and all points. HAY AND GRAIN FOR SALEHg THE Sumpter Forwarding Co. Ginsral Storage, Commission and Forwarding. Warehouse and office, S. V. Track SUMPTER, OREGON.