The Coast mail. (Marshfield, Or.) 187?-1902, July 10, 1880, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    The Coast Mail.
Mnrshllold, Coon Co., Or.
Terms, In Advance.
Ono your
Hix nimitlm
Throo moiitliH
$2 50
i no
1 00
Stale of Oregon.
Inventor, W. W. Tlinyor
Secretary of State, R. 1'. Earhurl
TiooBuror, K. llursh
Supt. Public. Schools, J. L. Powell
2il Judicial Dint r let.
District Attorney,
J. F. Watson
K. 11. Hazard
Coon County,
County Judge, J. II. Noslor
CominisHioners, $'). Z
.Sheriff A. (I. Alkon
(Moik, Alex. Stuuff
Treasurer, I). Morse, Jr
AxKl'HHOr, .lolm 1,11110
.School Superintendent, J. F. Mooro
Coioner, T. C. Mackey
Curry County.
County Judge, Deliw Woodruff
. . 11 11 tidies
Commissioners. jj.A.Coolcy
Hhuriff, A. II. Mooro
Waller Sutton
A. M. Gillespie
M I). Cil)!)n
'I'll oh. Cunningham
School Supt.,
The JruHlrr lrnt.
It appear that tliu grasshoppers nro
causing considerable damage in East
ern Oregon, Washington, and Idulio.
'I'lio following extract fioin papers
printed !u that region sows tlio siluu
lion. Tlio Kntl Orrijonuin says: Grass.
liopperH and hugs mo upon u portion
of tlio country. V swarm or Iiurd at
t licked I). TheoderoV fiinn, about
four miles out from Umatilla, on the
liver, (ho gang was about "00 yuids
wide and no knowing its length.
They cleared sago brush on their routu
olean, oud by tlio time of thin writing
it is not expected he hint nuy garden
or grain left, except mich grain an ho
wut ablu to cut since the irruption.
Wo uIsd learn tlmt thoy aro attacking
nil the farms from thin point up to
the Umatilla river. A brown bug
lias also appeared on tlio scene and in
harvesting thu potato vine.
Tlio Dayton Chronicle nays: "The
xniHrthoppcrH aro doing considerable
liarm in pome portion! of the country.!
Their dupredtions. though, are confin
ed to localities where them in a warm,
Handy soil, or along thu bods oi creeks.
A. Knell', nurseryman, fcarH ho will
lone hi entiio nursery of 175,000 trees.
The inrdun of Mr. Hniilli, living on
Tukunnu- ha been i ntircly destroyed,
and alno ton acres of wheat has been
oaten as if thero had never been any
planted. Wo hear in several different
localities tlio grasshoppers have taken
small patches of grain, but the indicu
tons are that they will not tako the
entire country u win at first feared.
The Tiller says: Millions of grasn
hoppers aro hero investigating tho
tdtuation. Several grainnulds adja
cent to l.owistou l:ave already bren
liarvosten, Fences, trees, housetops,
in fact every out door pioturo is cov
ered with them. A fow weeks ago
they made their appoaranco, hardly
larger than a Ilea, since which tiino
thoy have not only only increased in
mzo but in number. Their work of
destruction is so far only in spots
taking here and thero n wheat field,
ft flower garden or an orchard.
DuitiNO the famous Emma Mine
trial, one Captain Tom Hates, a man
well known throughout the West, was
on the witness stand, and in the onus
oxamination ono of tho lawyers said i
"You aro a mining export, Mr.
"No, sir; I am noil"
"Did 1 not understand you to say
that you hud visited and inspected
most of the known mines in tho
"You did, sir."
"And you have made mining a study
for years.?"
"I have, sir."
" Woll, then pleaso stale lo tho court
your definition of n mining expert."
"Well, sir, a mining export is a man
who wears oycglasscs, parts his huir
in the middle, has graduated at Frel
burg, and speaks abominably bad
A general air of sadness fell on the
court, uud tho captain took his boat.
Wiikk Juines T. llrudy first opened
u lawyer's olllco in Now York, ho
took."a basement room, whloh had
previously boon occupied by a coll
ider, llu wus somewhat annoyed by
tho previous occupant's callers, and
irritated by the fact that ho hud fow
of his own. Ono day an Iiishmau
ontorod. "Tho cobbler's gone, I hoo,"
he said, "I should think ho had," tart
ly responded Urudy. "And what do
you soil?" ho said, looking at tho soli
tary tablo and a few law books.
"Uloekhouds," responded Brady, "Bo
Koora," said tho Irishman, ''yo must
bo doing a mighty fine business yo
liuin't got but ono loft,"
Vol. II.
OI" Ort'Kwn'M Noutliern Conxl.
Aftor tho massacre at llandolph, of
which Col. T'Vaull and Capt. Wil
liams were survivors, word was sent
tu Gon. Hitchcock, commander of tho
Pacific divisio.i of tho U. 8. Army,
that a party of unoffending citizens
had been brutally murdered and
some of them scalped by tho Indians
on the Coquillc, nnd culling for sum
mary punishment. Orders wero ac
cordingly issued, and the steamer
Sea Gull was chartered ; military
stores wero placed on board, and three
companies of tho U. S. 1st Dragoons,
and 20 of the 1st Artillery, were order
ed to hold themselves ready for em
barkation. Tho whole, about 170
men, wero placed under tho com
mand of Col. Silas Casey, 2d Infunfry,
late Urigadicr General. Those tliYeo
companies were tho only available
force here for year, from ever rfroin
orable '40 till commencement of re
bellion. Continually in tho saddle,
scouting through Idaho, Washington
Territory, Montana, Nevada, Califor
nia, and Arizona, from tho British
Possessions lo tho Colorado, and, as a
body wero far above the general ma
terial of the army; many belonging
to the learned professions, all yoting,
full of life, vigor, and dashing ro
inanco Since, many have held im
portant nlliccs in the administration
of tho Stale and public affairs, and
one had (he honor of filling a high
position a gift from tho people o'
this Stato ; another was delegated to
sit in conclave to frame the constitu
tion of Oregon. Tho bravo and lament
ed Gen. Kearney, and tho conqueror
of Fort Donaldson, Gen. A. J. Smith,
as well as many othor gallant and effi
cient ollicers who smelled powder oft
and oft again with them, were in the
habit of remarking, "Thoso are tho
bust men I over had tho honor to
Gentle reader, those were tho men
who, over a quarter of a century ago
trod your virgin soil, paving tho way
and laying tho foundation for tho
many and comfortable homes
that dot the banks and hillsides of
placid Coquillc. Those bronzed and
mn.i nouci warriors little thought that
bO nhort a period would produce m
mighty a change, that whore thoro
was nothing but quagmires, tussocks
and fallen timber innumerable, would,
in ii fow Healing years, stand pretty
cottages, orchards and gardens, ring
ing with tho merry Iaugbtorof bright
eyed little children of their own fair
race, uud that tho Indian chant, tho
panther scream, and ravon crouk,
would givo place to tho sweet tones of
tho violin, harp, aeeordian.und cosily
piano, tho tread of many feo t whirling
in the mazes of tho giddy dance,
would break tho stillness of many a
midnight air, that tho?o almost im
penetrable jungles would bo converted
into sylvan bowers, tacit listeners to
oft repeated tales of lovo and fidelity,
and that school bonnes and churches
would rear their heads with all tho
pride of civilized life. Hut this is a
At length tho day of embarkation
came; everything boing in readiness,
tho good ship moved slowly down tho
bay, and under tho guidance of her
skillful commander, our old friond
and fellow pioncor, Capt. Tichenor,
after a short passago arrived safely at
Port Orford. Aftor landing stores
and tho mounted troop "0," (tho oth
er two, 'A' and 'E,' being dismounted
for tho purpose) she steamed up tho
coast with tho remainder of Iho com
mand for Coquillo, hor daring chief
determined to force an entrance into
tho ridiculously jabbered about river.
That ho would have dono it is certain.
All acquainted with him in his
halcyon days, art woll awuro of his
skill, courage and energy, that noth
ing could daunt or turn him from
his purpose ; but, uubsorviont to tho
will of higher authority, tho military
commander, Col. Casey, ho was forced
to desist, but with all tho dash of his
intrepid nauiro' steamed in among
tho rocks at tho outranco. Prepara
tions woro thou made for landing
troops. Uoats wero loworcd, and tho
"boys in blue" took thoir places, all
eager for tho fray. Owing to tho ex
treme roughness of tho sea, nnd lub
berly conduct of tho crown, in tlioto
days composed mostly of tiukors, tail
or und wonvor, (u teal "old salt" being
quite a novolty hoto) tho boats woio
cupsized, and our sons of Mais with
tho hybrid bous of Noptuno went
through n Hour crook comody or frol
ic. Boino bwnm to tho shore, und
others, in tho net of drowning, were
fcuvoil' by captain Tichenor, who
plunged in after tliom. With tho ex
ception of baptism, nnd bnggngo of a
few guns to "'Davy Jones locker,"
nothing more serious occurred. Tho
crow, well satisfied with this dip, wero
not inclined to try it again, putting
captain to Iho painful necessity of
ornamenting their wrists. Next
morning tho aspirants for Neptune's
paternity returned to duty like peni
tent prodigals, and all wero safely
lauded. In tho mean while the
mounted troop under LI. Stanton was
marching up Iho beach from Port
Orford, with two six mule teams con
taining whale boats and howitzers,
tho former to bo used in co
supplies in ascending tho river. To
one of tho wagons was attached a
roadometer, and the distance meas
ured from Port Orford to Sixes river, 1
1) miles; from thenco to Coquillc, SO
miles. Sixes chief and tho Sister of
Thygonizia, chief of Klk river and
Port Orford Indians, marched boldly
at bead of command ; tho chief, u
huge, strapping fellow, a Mormon and
blessed in tho possession of six wives,
being therefore known as "Old Six."
IJotli parties met, and a camp was
formed oh tho bind by the graded
road as you descend to the river a lit
tle west of Lewis house. The first
Indian killed was at tho big rock west
of tho present road near tho late Mr.
Taylor's house, by a troopor of the
advanced guard. At this period of
the conquest a large Indian villugo
stood on tho big flat opposite Lewis'.
For fear tho enemy would take fright
and decamp, tho guns wero placed in
position, trained, and immediately
commenced their work of destruction,
pouring shot and shell on tho doomed
savages. Loudly barked tho dogs of
war, fiercely yelled tho Indians in de
fiance and quickly Hew tho bolts of
Jovo. Soon tho palaces of Nature's
children disappeared from view, cov
ering in their downfall the .dead and
dying bodies of a now almost extinct
race America's primitive lords and
land-owners. After a smart fusilade
tho Indians broko for their canoes, a
small llotilla lying ft little above the
villngc, and moved up stream, tho
two dismounted companies thrown
out on both sides of tho river in hot
pursuit, tho whalo boats moving up
the centre manned by artillery men
and carrying supplies. About tho
same time "boots and saddles" sound
ed, calling "C" troop to horso, with
orders to proceed via Flora's creek to
tho upper or South fork, intercept
tho retreating enemy and turn him
if possible. Day after day toiled on
the wearied skirmishers, floundering
through tho mud and briars, turning
suuimeriaults in those horrible bog
holes that dot tho wild duck fenns of
tho Lower Coquillc, burning ranch-
cries, destroying Cannes, und driving
tho redskins still further into their
mountain fostncsfcss. At length, af
ter exhausting that long rolo of pro
fanity, and heaping anathemas on
tho natives, our placid rivor and
beautiful vulo which, in a few years,
according to nowspapor "waw-waw,"
with tho aid of railroads and bother
Boino breakwaters is to sond five mil
lions of produce to tho great markets
of tho world, tho command reached
what is now known as Hall's Prairie,
at present tho pretty and picturesque
homo of II. Sehroedcr, Esq. At that
time u wide strip of myrtle lay be
tween it and tho river, screening the
former completely from view; tho
whole command had passed on with
out noticing, and would have re
mained so, wero it not for tho prying
curiObty of a son of "Hibor." This
man wandered into tho opening and
commenced battle- iustautcr, attack
ing alono a village of 16 lodges. Tho
udvunced guard, hearing tho firing,
returned and found tho fellow country-man
of tho great Wellington,
who possessed tho coolness, if not all
the glorious traits of that illustrious
soldier, sitting down and holping
himself to a mess of nicely smoked
salmon, uud dandling a fiuo little pa
pooso on his kneo ; tho Indinns broko
for tho woods on first firo. lloro was
found a largo fiBh house containing
about thirty tons of smoked bulmon,
which, together with tho ranches, was
consigned to tho Haines, tho rich, oily
salmon, making a hot firo, tho little
dusky oaptivo having boon comforta
bio rolled in u soldier's blunkot, was
left for its concealed pareut. Tho In
dian mother, unliko soino of our own
color, who sometimes for convenience
sake dostroy their unfortunate off
spring, will fight like sho bears in do
fenco of their children, and will never
forsake them, thoreforo it wua sur
mised that tho littlo ono was found.
Tho Coqujlla Indians woro o.xport,
fishermen, and put up annually great
quantities of fish, in fnct weio finh
merchants, trading off dried salmon
to tho neighboring tribes in exchange
for skins, squaws, plunder nlid Indian
money (littlo nicely shaped shells,
highly prized by the Indians, nnd
said lo bo found in great pits up
North). Tho Koguo river Indians
being great gamblers woro regular
winter visitors, and pocked back loads
ot dried salmon, which like many
other gamblers they won by superior
(To bo continued.)
Ourflcld'M Itccortl.
At fourteen, ho wos at work at a
carpenter's bench.
At sixteen, ho was a boatman on
the Ohio cinul.
At eighteen, ho was studying in
tho Chester (O.) seminar'.
At twenty-one, ho was teaching in
one of Ohio's common schools, push
ing forward with his own studies at
tho same time.
At twenty-three, he entered Wil
liams college.
At twenty sir, he graduated from
Williams collcgo with the highest
honors of his class.
At twenty-seven, ho was a tutor at
Hirnm college, Ohio.
At twenty-eight, ho was principal
of Hiram college, and preached with
marked success as a follower of the
Christian faith.
At twenty-nine, he was a member
of tho Ohio Senate the youngest
member of that body.
At thirty, he was Colonel of the
Forty-second Ohio regiment.
At thirty-one, he was placed in
command of a brigade, routed the
rebels under Humphrey Marshall,
helped General Duel in his fight at
Pittsburg landing, played a prominent
part in the siege of Corinth and in
tho important movements along the
Memphis and Charleston railroad.
At thirty-two, he was appointed
chief of staff of tho Army of the Cum
berland, participated in the campaigns
of Middle Tennessee and in the nota
ble battle of Chickamauga, and was
promoted to the rank of Mnjor-Gen-eral.
At thirty-three, ho was in Congress,
the successor of Joshua II. Giddings.
At forty-eight, having been contin
uously in Congress since he was thirty
three, ho was unanimously elected by
acclamation in his party caucus to
the United States Senate.
At forty-nino ho was nomiaatcd for
tho Presidency of tho United States.
Such aro tho salient points in the
history of tho man whom tho Itcp'ib-
licans liavo selected as their standard
bearer in the present campaign. By
this record it is seen that tho artisans
may clnini him as their representa
tivo ; tho laboring men may insist
that ho is their friend; professional
men must rank him among their
class ; scholars arc proud to do him
honor; soldiers greet him as a com
rade ; statesmen listen to tho wiso ad
monitions of his well-stored mind;
and tho people claim him as their
own. lie is a typical American. No
other nation could havo produced
him, am! under no other flag could he
have fulfilled his destiny. His name
is Abrm,and his triumph is assurred.
Ilecclier on Ieuth.
Henry Ward Ilcechcr, lately preach
ing on the subject of death, made tho
following remarks: "Generally,
there is no pain at tho last mo
ment, for it seems that tho body suf
fers in proportion to its remoteness
from death. It is commonly supposed
that evil men dio in great horror of
their doom. Thoy don't. Wicked
men usually pass out of lifo as tran
quilly as any ono elbo. Tranquillity
is the law of decadence Pain or ex
quisito pleasure at tho last aro only
experienced in exceptional cases.
Men sufi'cred more every day of their
lives than thoy do in dying. Every
man subject to the incursions of rheu
matic inflictions, or to tho pangs of
tho toothneho, sudors a hundred times
moro than ho will w lion ho is on his
death-bed. No death is moro pain
less than a sudden death. Living
stone records his cxporionco when
sprang upon and struck down by a
lion. Tho moment tho beast was on
him was ono of tho most exquisite
tranquillity. No death is too sudilon
for him who is doing his duty. Not
tlio stroke of tho lightning; not tho
fall from tho precipice llight living
is tlio correct road to right dying, and
no man need fear death."
The bill taxing foreign bank oapi
till has been signed by Gov. Cornell,
of Now York. It provides that ovory
foroign bank or bankhig company
doing business in Now York Stato
shall bo taxed ono-half of ono por
cent, on nu averago of all sums of
money used oromployod in that Stato.
rVmoug tho principal banks affected
by tho bill aro tho Dank of California
and Hank of Nevada,
St'iiscitiiti: for (ho M.aii,
- A.Y, JULY 10,
The BlacU NalnrytVaa It a
democratic or Republican
The State Lino Herald. ,
A nummary of the vote of the two
Houses of Congress on the "back
salary" bill nays : The united vote
in the two Houses is as follows :
For the bill : Eighty-five Repub
licans, sixty- three Democrats : sixty-five
outgoing members and Sena
tors ; eighty Southern Senators and
Against the bill: Eighty-three
Republicans, thirty-nine Democrats.
Keeping this analysis of the vote
in view, it will not be difficult to
fasten tho responsibility of the
measure upon tho proper persons,
and to find tho controlling reason
for its objectionable feature back
pay to a retiring Congress.
Hon. James A. Garfield, then a
member of tho House, voted for the
bill, believing sincerely, as did many
others, that the conpensation of
Congressmen, Senators and other
offices was not adequate to the ser
vice and expense devolving upon
them. He believed, however, that
the act should not be retroactive,
that it should take effect only in
the future, and acting upon this
honest conviction, James A. Gar
It will be seen by tho analysis of
the vote given above, that, of those
there were spoils, who were after
them? And we ask our Democrat
ic brcthcrn to point out, among the
Democrats who voted for this bill
those who emulated tho example of
the Hon. James A. Garfield. Now,
if voting for this bill was a crime,
(as certainly taking the "back pay"
was very disreputable) let us see
who among the leading Democrats
voted for the bill. We find among
them the names of Alcorn, Bayard,
Randall, Hill, Niblack, Voorhees
and many others, too numerous to
mention. Here we see tho names
of men prominently mentioned as
candidates for President of the
United States on the Democratic
ticket. Wo desire to know how
many of these, like Garfield, refused
to take back pay after the law made
it liis right to do so. Again history
records the fact that B. F. Butler,
once so much hated by the Demo
cracy, was the principal manager in
securing the passage of the bill, took
his $5,000 back pay with an avidity
only equalled by the "Gobble" ef
fort to steal the electoral vote of Ore
gon, or the Democratic Salem ring
in robbing tho funds of this State,
and who afterward wrote, in vindi
cation of his act, a letter bo long
that ho forgot, in one part, tho posi
tion assumed in another, and for
whom the Democrats of Massachu
setts have since that time, formed
so strong an attachment that thoy
desired to make him Governor of
that State. Surely consistency is
losing much of its wonted populari
ty and tho Domocratio party, though
sojourning in a glasshouse, i$ so in
considerate as to commence casting
I'roHpectlve Opposition.
Tho .'orm saya: It is reported
that the Paoific Coast Steamship com
pany intend, on the arrival of the
new steamship Coiittnbia to run oppo
sition between San Francisco and
Poitland. Tho China, a largo vessel
of 4,400 tons, sister to tho wrecked
Great Republic, will bo put on tho
route, in conjunction with tho Dako
ta, which is to bo withdrawn from tho
Puget-sound lino. Tho three fine
steamers, including tho State of Oali-
fornia, will niako it mighty hot for
tho old company. Tho public may
expect low fares and an immenso
immigration per consequence. Wo
havo boon informed that tho Oregon
Steamship company, fearing this, has
bcou negotiating, though unsuccess
fully, for the purchoso of tho State of
California. ,
A sinoulah instance of a sensitive
conscience was shown in tho suicido
of Agio Tallato, Secretary to tho Ja
panese legation. Ho left a letter,
stating that he was concerned in tho
Insurrection of 1S70, and had forfeited
his honor.
A man gots Into troublo by marry
ing two wives. If ho marries only
one ho may havo troublu ; and somo
mon havo como to tribulation by sim
ply promising to marry one. Troublo
any now.
188Q. 3STo. 28.
Another IVarfMl Hleamboat
The steamer Seawanhaka was burn
ed in the East river near New York,
on the 28th ult., furnishing another
horrible chapter to the history of late
marine disasters : The fire was caused
by an explosion in the engine roomf
and the middle of the steamboat was
soon in flumes. Pilot Charles Smith
remained at his post until nearly
burned to death, and succeeded in
beaching the vessel on tho sunken
meadow adjoining the island. Many
persons sprang overboard and were
drowned. Many others in tho stern
of the vessel could not get off and
were burned to death. Of GOO persons
supposed to bo on board, fifty are be
lieved to have perished. The bodies
of about thirty dead persons have
been recovered.
The captain's statement is os fol
lows : About 4 :30 I heard a low dull
report or explosion. Quick as
thought I turned to see what was the
matter, when I saw tho vessel in flames
about midships. I saw the steamer
Granite State on my starboard side.
Finding that my steamer was on fire(
I immediately headed her for the
sunke meadows, and with a full head
of steam, although the engineer had
been driven from his post, I landed
her about forty feot up on the mead
ows. Most oi me pasengers were on
the bow of the vessel, and those on
the stern were at the mercy of the
flames, as all passages to the bow were
cut off. Many jumped on the land,
whilo others jumped into the water.
I stood at the wheel until the last
minute, and then jumped overboard
and was pickedup by a small boat.
We had no freight on board, and I
do not know what caused the explo
sion. The engineer of the steamer,
Frank Weeks, and his son Edward,
who was fireman on the steamer, wero
at their posts at the time of the fiire.
the fireman explains that somo of the
small tubes of the boiler must have
burst, throwing the furnace door
open and scatcring the hot coals
around, which sat fire to Ihe vessel.
He, like his father, was driven from
his post by the flames. Both escaped
with severe burns.
One of the crew relates the follow
ing incidents : You can imagine how
cool they were when the clerk, who
was collecting fares, as soon he realiz
ed tnat the boat was on firo, returned
to his office and secured all the mon
ey he had left there. Among our pas
sengers were Charles A. Dana, Itich
ard 0. Gorman, S. L. M. Barlow, one
or two of Harper's publishers, and a
number of other gentlemen, whoso
names I cannot recollect, but who
were in the habit of going to their
homes along Long Island shore by
our boat. All of tho gentlemen I have
named, I understood escaped. The
vessel burned like powder after the
flames once started and it-was a terri
ble scene. Shrieking women and
children huddled aft until their
clothes caught fire, and there on the
forward part of the boat were men
who were cut off from commuicating
with or going to tho rescue of their
female relatives and friends, by the
flames, which burned fiercest about
tho center of the boat. Mr. Moires,
our porter, saw a child floating on its
back and was going to jump overboard
to savo it, when a frantic woman
clutched him by tho arm, saying:
"you are a strong man, and I am a
woman without any friends on board.
For God's sake help me." The porter
left the child to itself and I behove
saved tho woman. The only one of
tho Seatcanhaka's boats got out was
ono which had canvas fastened over
it. After it got off, the body of a
child about two years old was found
lying in tho water in tho bottom of
tho boat. Nobody seemed to know
how it got there.
A lady was climbing down tho lad
der leading from the promenade to
tho main decks, but this ladder, is a
pretty hard thing for a man to got
down on at any time Sho fell into
tho gangway amid tho flumes. My
self and about a dozen othors rescued
her from tho perilous position. I saw
a butcher, who bolongs either at Great
Neck or Sands Point, grab up an as
paragus box, and boforo I could stop
him jumped overboard with it. I yell
ed at him not to jump or ho would bo
struck by tho wheel. Ho did not
heed mo and wont over forward. Tho
last I saw of him ho was going undor
tho wheel. Sovcrul othors who went
over forward also wont undor tho pad
dle wheels.
Swindlers attached to a circus now
in Iowa, defrauded a granger of $2,
200. The proprietor and all his aids
were promptly arrested, and rather
than submit to the delays of a trial,
tho former rehmuod tho money lost
by tlo greeny,
The Ooast Mail.
axjX XjX-vjh xmwwflB.
The Development of our Mines, tlio
Improvcmcntof our harbors, and mil
road communication with tlio Interior,
"" ' " ' " t
Com of the Rebellion.
In response to a Senate resolution
tho Secretary of the Treasury has
furnished an elaborate statement
showing tho expenses of the Govern-
ment "on account of the war of tho
rebellion from July 1, 1801, to Juno
30, 1879, inclusive." The statement
exhibits tho gross expenditures, Iho
ordinary expenditures, and the expen
ditures growing out of the war in all
thcarious branches of tho service,
either directly or indirectly affected
by the war. The grand totals are as
follows: Gross expenditures, $6,790,
792,509; ordinary expenditures, $009,
549,123; expenditures growing out of
the war, 10,187,243,385. Tho princi
pal items of the war expenses are the
following: Interest on tho public
debt, $1, 764,250,198: pay of two and.
three years volunteers, $1,040,102,702;
subsistence of Army, $381,417,548;
clothing of tho Army, $345,543,880 5
Army transportation, $336,793,885;
purchase of horses, $120,072,423 ; other
Quartermaster expenditures, (round
numbers) $320,000,000; Army pen
sions, $407,429,193 ; bounties, (includ
ing additional bounties under act of
I860,) $140,281,178, and in round
numbers, the following: Refunded
to States for war expenses, $41,000,000 ;
purchase of arms for volunteers and
regulars, $76,000,000; ordnanco sup
plies, $56,000,000 ; expenses of assess
ing and collecting internal revenue,
$113,000,000; expense of national
loans and currency, $51,523,000; pre
miums, $59,738,000. The war expend
iturcs for the Navy (including about
$74,500,000 for pay and $0,500,000 for
Navy pensions) aggregate about $412,
000,000. Among the other detailed:
items of expenditures growing out of
the war are $5,243,034 for national
cemeteries, $3,546,185 for support of"
National Home for Disabled Volun
teers, and $88,000 for the purchase of
Ford's Theatre, the scene of Presi
dent Lincoln's assassination.
Rick Dlncovery.
A Nevada City, California, dispatch
of tho 29th ult. says : A Transcript
reporter has just returned from Snow
Point, 20 miles northeast of this city
in this county, where there was re
centlymade a great strike. Gold
bearing gravel nuggets of various
sizes are being taken out which are
valued at from $1 up to $230. About
half a dozen approximating the lat
ter size were found Saturday. Pay
gravel is found for a distance of 25 feet
above bedrock. This is considered by
reliable experts to bo the best discov
ery made on the coast in 25 years.
At the decoration of the Confeder
ate soldiers' graves at Cavehill ceme
tery. Ky., the orator, Gen. B.iker, who
was a brigadier in Bragg's army, said i
"It is not easy for one who took part
on the Southern side of the dispute
whose dieudful settlement has filled
these graves, to speak honestly and
wisely on an occasion liko this. To
cause no pain to tho living, and yet
do justice to the dead ; to be faithful
to the Union and yet decorate tho
graves of those who attempted to de
stroy it ; to lift his eyes with honest
loyalty to the gorgeous ensign that
flashes in the sunlight there trium
phantly and feel no pang of mean,
contrition for having followed for four
years that other banner, furled for
ever, which in the shadows of defeat
still shines for him liko a lovely con
stellation of the night in thesadBkiea
of Southern history to do this may
seem impossible to those who prizo
the jewel of consistency."
The betrothed in Italy are never left
alone for ono moment. Thoy may
not even sit side by sido in company
and a third person must always tako
part in their conversation. When
out for a walk they must not go arm
in arm. As for a kiss, not even the
tips of the nails may bo touched un
til after the Church and Stato havo
firmly bound togothcr tho poor lovers,
Tho severity is no compliment ta
Italy; on tho contrary, it is mistrust
carried to excess, and tho young peo
pie rebel against it. Still, whon they
becomo fathers and mothers they pei
petuate the custom. It may bo thai,
this oxtrerao reserve before marriuga
ongonders that aftor marriage liberty
which in turn becomes, a mattor ot
wondor to mora prosaic nations. s
Rome Correspamlence New York Hourx
The number of ships which passed
through tho Sues canal during MarcH
was 213, and tho receipts thorofrom
164,940, wero tho largest recorded of
any ono month muco tho formation
of tho canal. The total receipt of
transit for the first quarter af tho
present year, 447,440", exceed tho
receipts of tho first quarter of 1377,
tho year which hail hitherto yielded.
tho largest profits, by 81,249,