JaT"Hff The Coast Mail. imuimsiikii EVERY SATURDAY MORNING, MY WEOSTER, HACKER & LOCICHART, Marshflcld, Coos Co., Or. Terms, In Atfrunrr. Ono year -Six months Tin Co month - $2 fit) 1 fiO r 00 COAST L.JEzL Jj MAIL. OFFICIAL PAPER OF COOS CO. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Mate of Omjim. Governor, ' W. W. Thayer .Secictnry of sjtato, it. V. Enrhiirt Tteiisuror, K. 1 1 tirnli Supt. Public Schools, J. L. Powell 2d Judicial Dintriet. Judge, Distiiet Attorney, .I.F-Watson . H. Hazard County Judge, CominissionorN, Slioriir Hoik, Ticasiiror, Assessor, Kchnni Superintendent, C(ii oner, , Cooi County. J. If. Nosier SJohn Konyon K. O. Dement A. G. Aiken Alex. Slant!' IX Mntso, Jr John Lauo J. V. Mooro T. C. Mackcy Vol. 2. MARSHFIELD, OK., SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1SSO. No. 21. whittkw mil Tin: coaht Mail. HISTORICALJKETCHES Of On'koh'n Noiillicru CoiinI, numiii:u XIX. Chrry County. County Judge, Delict WoodruM' Ccininissionori-. Kherill', Clerk, School Supt., Tll'HMiriT, Coroner, t P. lltlL'hcil JJ.A.Oooloy A. IT. Moore Waller Sutton A. M. Gillespie M. B. Gibson Thus. Cunningham .11 r. Hit cm. Tlio character of Mm. PrcMuIcnt Hayes in Unit spoken of by u Washing- ton coriespondcnt of a Paris journal: Mr. Hayes, and all ladies seem to agree, (and certainly they are a criti cal juiy) iwscsxes extraordinary tact in receiving a miscellaneous company. On tlio many occasions at which I ham had an opportunity to observe her skill in this particular, 1 have nov crseen her at n loss or cmharraHcd for tho lack of koiiio toady resource with whiehjohiidgo over a threaten ed awkward hiatus in adrawing room or public reception. .She id aided in her powers of entertainment by a very dignified, yet graceful manner, which makes her naturally tho lead ing person in the room, without anv nll'eelationof suporori.y. I think it only tine to say that Mrs. Hayes. whether the President's wife or not, would itnprors herself upon a specta tor as the lirsl lady in a drawing room. She come of u rather pi osperom fam ily, and ban long experience, in deal ing with crowd. Mr. Haven whk twice a mumherot Congress, anil dur ing these terms Mm. Hayes Kicd in Wirshfngtou, and was in a Kvtilinu to ntudy tho rules and forms of society. Later Mr. Haiva was elected Govern or of Ohio, and bis wife, therefore, caiv much of miscellaneous society in this connection. Still, it is evidently due to innate tact, lather than expe rience, that Mrs. Hayes iccciiui a el egantly as she does. And the best pai t of it is tliut every look and action show that sho is a woman of the bouie ciicle, back of all tho splendor of social life. I don't know how many poisons I have heard say an they came from her presence, " What a good woman," " What a good mother bbu must be," and tho like. And these comments aru deserved. Plob ably there never was a family in the White house so domestic and simple in its tastes, mid so determined to pie norm in a high station tho virtues which characterize, tho humbler homes of America than the present occupants. A Doutlly 'ombul. A Visulia, California, dispatch of the 11th hits tlio following: A league picnic was given at Hanfonl to-day, nt which about 200 persons woro present. U. S. Marshal I'oolo mid V. II. Clurk, land grabcr, ar rived at Hanover this morning to (Hh possess settlers, and left at 7 :.'i0 o'clock to servo process on Win. Uro. don and others. Leagues collected and followed tlio Marshal and over. took him threo miles north oCGrango villo, and commanded him and the graber to surrender, which they did- Thou then commanded Crow, pur chaser from tlio railroad company, and u companion named Hart, to surrender. Instead of surrendering, they leaped from their spring wagon and fired with a shotgun and rillo, killing James Harris, Iver Knutson and John Henderson, and wounding Arch McGregor, William Uroden, I). Kolly and llymukcr, ull settlors. The sottlorB returned tho fire,. wound ing Hart fatally, and as Grow retreat, od soiuo distanco a shot struck him, killing him instantly. Tliore is great (ixcitoniunt at Himford and vicinity, hut tho leaders of tholeaguo caution prudence. Tin: mon engaged in grain ulova tors aro found to sucoumh very quick ly to pulmonary diseases. Tho Hfo of a "scoopor" is variously cstimato nt an avorago of throo to hvo years. A niovomont is now on foot to to a mond tho conditions under which the work 1b currio on, JOIMl.VAl, OF I,. L. WILLIAMS CONTIN UKI KUOM I.ABT WKKK. No uim can poisibly represent or nppreciulo our feelings upon our de livery from the trying scenes of the past. It was a pleasure to mo even if I had known I should die tho next moment. Hcdden was pleased to bo able to say that ho had done his whole duty faithfully. With his long and malted hair, bis thick beard, no eloth iiift but his ragged breeches, his feel and legs dreadfully lacorated, his cheek bones breaking through tho skin, ho was i pally it pitiful object to look at, h it ho was soon washed, dressed, combed and looked like quite .1 different person. I was naked ex cept a ragged shirt. I had mado no pretensions to" wash for more than two weeks. Dry blood and matter covered every part of my person. My hair long and matted together with blood and rendered worse hv run ning wound; wallowing in tho dirt night and day had not particiihuly improved my personal appearance. The most of tho bruises and f mailer wounds were neaily well. The "bad wound," as Huilden all the time called it, which was giving mo so much tumble, bad not bled any at all out side, and had been firmly closed for several days, and tho whole lower p.ut of the abdomen was of deep black and blue color, and swollen as tightly as it was possible for the skin to be drawn. The tiwk of washing and dressing my wounds was no easy one I was held up by two persons, nnd carefully rubbed down by tho third. My hairclosely trimmed, and indue course ol time, tho wounds were pro nounced dres.vd and was put to bed on a mattress oil' the lloor, from which I never expected to iNo. A little giuel win prepared and brought to hip but my appetite was gone. At my request Hcdden made bis bed near me so that 1 could lay my baud upon bis face to instantly wake him if necessary for any purpose du ring the night. All hands about the house went to bed and Hcdden was sound asleep in a few minutes I was HUlleriug more sovernly than at any former t:mo; suddenly about midnight, I fell a peculiar sensation where tho arrow entered, I placed my band to the wound and found blood or matter flowing freely therefrom. Tho severe pain suddenly ceased ; I mado a motion towards Hcdden, not knowing whether I was dying or go ing to bleep, and was conscious of nothing further until I was awakened from sound sleep next morning. .This was the flrxt sleep I had had n'nce I was wounded. It was about an hour past Hiitinso; Hcdden and others were standing around me, I felt easy but w.is too weak to move, and asked permission to remain as I was and sleep more, but of course it was nec essary to iciiiovo mo from tho bed and again dress my wounds. Tho wound in the body had opened and a largo amount of bloody Mihstauco had escaped therefrom ; Hie bed was full, blankets completely saturated, and a largo stream had run aeoss tho floor and formed u good sized "pud dle" outsido; no one present estimat ed uio amount to tic less tium J- quarts. On being washed and dress ed, I was surprised, as woro all others present, to find myself nblo to get up out of a chair and walk across the house. I blept nearly all day and one man's euro appeared necessary ; Hcd den was detailed to take euro of mc- Wlien wo arrived hero, wo had ox peeled to find Dovanport, but ho had uotyot arrived; on tho thiid dny ho came in and roprcsouted that ho had I been lost in the mountains, hence tho delay, llo was much emaciated, but being unhurt, bo was soon able to go to work, which ho dii. Remaining, horo under 1 Hodden's kind curo.no changa in. tho wound, which required dressing three or four tiino a day, and at the end of 3 weeks wo received papois from l'oitland, Orogon, bringing us tho welcome in telligence that V Vault and Ihusli'liad both escaped, neither of them, being much hurt; thoy had Micocedcd in crossing tho river in ucauoo, and had made their way to tort Orford, and T'Vault availing hinitolf of tlio nt opportunity had procoedod to Tort land and thonco to bin homo nt Oio go n City. He published an account of his unfortunate expedition, of tho escape of himself (uid lirush, and as was reasonable for him to suppose, publishod a list of all tho remainder of the party as killed, His published Btaiomont of his escape was as tol. Ions: ''That ho was knooked into Indians in canoes, that while he wan struggling in tho water a young In dian guided bis caiioo into their midst and helped him into it, then paddled to where IJrush was struggling and helped him in also, gave each of them a paddle, headed tho canoe for tho south bank, and then jumped into tho water himself and swam ashore. Wo paddled over to tho south sido of tho liver and escaped without any further molestation and mado our way to Port Orford." This report appears strango indeed to us who participated in that sad affair, but never was dis puted by Urusli, who frequently wrote letters for publication Threo months passed away and no perceptible change having taken place, Dr. K. II. Fisko came in from San Francisco, where ho had been to meet his family ; bo offered bis cer vices and examined and probed the wound, but no arrow point could be found, although the probe would fol low in any direction after passing through the abdomen. Ho decided it to be impracticable to attempt to extract tho arrow, and utilised that I wait and let nature persuc ils com mon course. Ho claimed that it would work out itself in time, but could not tell whether it would bo six months or ten years, hut (hat if I could stand it, relief would be sure to conic. In January 18."2, I was put into a boat under tlio charge of Capt II. Spi cer and moved to Dr. Fiske's bouse at Scottsbnrg, iiO miles up the river, where I leinained for many months, having tho best of care possible for any one to bestow. There was not much change notie able until about Xov., 1852, when the opposite sido fioni tho anow entered became soie and inflamed, and after in my days of intense sulfering it opened, and speedy relief followed, similar openings accanion.illy occur ring until there were seven orifices in all, which could be probed through into tho cavity. The caie and atten tion requited, increased with this, and Mr Hcdden either altendedto rue in person or secured tho services of some one to act in that capacity for him. Knelt of thchonew openingh was pain ful and M'veie, and each lcvived Dr. Fiske's theory and all bclieied tho ar low coining; but it was not until af ter more than ! years of suffering and torture that the point made its ap pearance nearly opposite where it en tered, having worked its way directly through tho body. The orifice where it first appeared was not of sufficient size for it to pass out, and with a knife I enlarged it so that it could be drawn out with the thumb and finger. The barb was one inch wide and about 1 inches long, made of iron. That came out, but where was tho joint of the arrow shaft to which it was attached ? Some where inside but could not bo found with a probe. The action of tho body had separated them, and tho other part must bo removed before I could get well. The opouiugs appearing much lower on tho body than where the ar row had entered, gave tho matter or pus an opportunity to (low oil' as fast as formed, thus lelieiing me of much pain, for prior to this time, it would accumulate inside and great sulfer ing followed ; asido from that, I need ed as much care and attention and was nearly as helpless asovor. I possessed nothing in this world but friends, and they seemed to vie with each other to seo who could do tho most for mo ; l was at home every where, and always well cared for by all. I had become able to walk a tuilo or so in a day to that I could visit from ono to another ; this was a great plea sure to mo. (To be continued) CHlh orAlMl-el-KiuIer. . . V. Bulletin. The telegraph has recorded the death of Abd-el-Kadct, in many rc Bpectsone of the most remarkable men of his uge. He was a heroin every sense of the word. When the French invaded Algiers, Abd-cl-Kadcr was a student in ono of the seats of learning in that country. Although at that time so young, ho was elected chief by somo of the tribes to oppose the conquest of the country by France. Shortly after. ward ho was elected Governor of Mascara and proclaimed a relig ious war against tho invaders. Subsequently the French concluded a treaty with him, by which they recognized his sovereignty to a por tion of the country. He soon, how ever, became embroiled with them and for more than ten years waged a continual warfare against the French army. Overpowering numbers and resources led to the ultimate tri umph of the French, and Abd-cl-Kadcr capitulated December 23, 1813, upon the understanding that he should be allowed to retire to Alexandriaor St. Jean d'Acrc. This promise was not kept, and ho was imprisoned in various French for tresses, until released by Louis Na poleon in 1S52, when he swore upon the Koran not to oppose French rule in Africa. This promise he most religiously kept, and he further treated Christians in Asia Minor with the greatest consideration. For bis protestation of the Christian sects in Syria, ho was decorated by the French Kmperor. In 1S52 he obtained a pension from the French Government, which, vo believe, he enjoyed until his death, a short time since, nt Damascus. In addition (o his renown as a soldier, Abd-el-Ka-der was an author. Some of hifc works were translated into the- lan guages of Kurope. Ho was original. ty ctioscn as a leader ol Algerian cause, on account of his spirited po etic appeals to his countrymen to re sist the French invaders. the liver and immediately besot by A Succkssi'ul Novelist. Jules Verne was born in Nantes in 1829. After attaining bis majority bo stud ied law in Paris, but dropped it at the ago of 22 to write for tho stago. De spairing of fame in this role, ho 15 years ago struck out on a now path, publishing in a popular weekly a talo entitled " Five Weeks in a Ualloon ; a Voyage of Discovery." Put between covers, tho scientific and geographi cal ronuinoo drow very wido atten tion, especially of tho young, and in dicated his bo3t lino of labor. Acou rato observation, dcsciiptivo talont, strict logicalness, dramatic narrative, rondorcd it very interesting, and tho now order of literaturo commended it to tho public. Sinco thou ho has stoadily woikod in tlio same field, and has published moro than a docn of theso stories, Ho has made about $250,000 ; is in good health, oontoutod anddilligent. IlriNterln;; Woman Voters. Harper's Mag.v'no. We are indebted to a "staff corres pondent" for the following anecdote concerning the recent registration of female voters in Hoston. Its accura cy vouched for by an eminent ar tist one of the distinguished stone cutters of the Hub. Filter old lady of a certain age. "I wish to register, sir." "Your name, if you please?" "Ahnira Jane Sampson." Your age?" "Beg pardon.". "Your age." "Do 1 understand that I must give my tiger "Yes, miss, the law requires it." "Worlds, sir, would not tempt me give it. Not that I care. No : 1 had as lief wear it on my bonnet, as a hackniau does his number; but I'm a twin, and if my sister has a weak ness., it is that she dislikes any ref erence made to her ago ; and I could not give iny own, because I don' wish to offend her." A .ll'm-dcroiin Annum It In Iliim llllii On n't y. On the 9th instant a most fiendish assault and probable murder was com mitted by a herder named Murphy, near Ilcppncr. Murphy was herding j sheep for Mr. Snyder, whoso farm joined that of Mr. French. Mr. Sny der was informed that the hctder was allowing his sheep upon French's premises and into his grain field, and requested that they bo kept away. Mr. Snyder employed a young man named Anderson to go and see Mur phy about it, who went up to seo him that evening. Murnhy bad been drinking and seemed enraged when Anderson told his business, lie said to Anderson, " Did French tell Sny der that tho sheep were in his field ? " Anderson answered in tho affirmative, and Murphy replied, " He is a d d liar; I'll go and kill him;" at the same time going into his tent and getting a44-ealiber Remington revol ver. Anderson asked him if bo would da so cowardly a trick as. to kill a poor man with a large family without the least provocation. Murphy replied, "That would bo cowardly." Just then Mr. Ficnch came walking up, whist ling. When he was near, Murphy said to him, " Did you tell Syder that his sheep were in your field?" French replied, " I did," when Mur phy retorted angiily, at the same time grasping Ficnch by the coat collar with his left hand, and with bis right hand drawing his pistol and placing it nearly against his temple, fired. As he drew the pistol, Ficnch said "Oh, don't! " and fell forward almost into the murderer's arms. Murphy, after walking aiouud and surveying his victim, turned to Anderson, who stood near, grasped his arm and said : " Now, d n you, don't you tell any one but Snyder." Anderson was ter libly frightened, and ran with all pos sible speed, and was nearly exhausted w hen he reached Ilcppncr, where he told his terrible story. A crowd of citizens and a physician immediately tepaired to the spot and found Mr. Fieneb standing up, and ascertained that he had walked some distance fiom where he fell. He was talking and waving his hands, pet fectly un conscious of what be was doing, and picientcd a fearful sight; bis eyes, covered with d'ut and blood, almost started from the sockets, his beard and hair wete t-tifT nith congealed blood, while blood wasstieaming from his noo and cars and covering his clothes. Tho ball entered the left temple, and ranging downward came out just below the left cheek bone. Mr, French wa alive on Monday morning, but there is no hope of his recovery. wounds were dressed, and he was made as comfoi table as possible tut des the circumstances, Upon exam ining tho other cigar, n dynamite car tridge of fuc, such as ucd for explod ing giant powder was found concealed in the tobacco. The miscreant who had prepared the articles had a bole in the cigar, insert. '1 tho fu"-e, and then filled up the end with fine cut to- lweo. Had the i'ir been in Mr. Phillips' mouth at ihu time it explod ed ho would litiio 'i ( a good chance of being killed, as t n charge was too largo a one to bo treated as a joke. If the cowaidly villain who prepared these cigars could be traced, he should be summarily dealt with. The Spirit of tlio Conirdcrntc Ioinoorii'y. We print below an extract from an address delivered by K v. J. Taylor Martin, at Charlotte, Noith Carolina, in 187C. It was received with enthu siasm, and tho events of the fourycars that have sinco transpired show how well ho expressed the purposes of the Democracy of the South. The spirit manifested by the confederate major ity in the House during the special session of Congress, last year, and the sentiment that finds expression from the same source wherever it is not restrained by considerations of policy, are the same that we find here only in a milder form. This is what he says : " Tho South is to-day ruled over by the miserable thrall of Yankeedom ; but they cannot muzle our chivalry and patiiotic"dcvotion to the " Lost Cause." We have fought for our rights, but in God's dispensation we are vanquished, but not cowed. Slav cry was a divine inJitution, and we mut have that institution or the South n ill ever bo bankrupt. They speak of our caue as the "Lost Cause." If so, shall it be lo-t forever? No! a new generation has sprung up, and at a not far distant day there will be "stars and bars" floating proudly over our sunny South. In the nest political campaign, no must, even if in the minority, support a southern man who will build up our interests and hurl the Yankee pickpockets from our midst We arc to-day united to the Puritanical host by an artifi cial tie ; but we arc a distinct people, and God and the right will enable us to show the world tho truth and equi ty of our chums. Our statesmen now in Congress are the only element that lcflcts credit on the United States. Is it not better to hang to tho "Lost Cause " than to stay in a Government of corruption? " The CoastMaiI. DEVOTKD TO ' -A.xx xix-vsai xaavaa. THE INTERESTS OF SOUTH ERN OREGON ALWAYS FOREMOST. The Development of our Mines, tho Improvement of our harbors, and rail road communication with the Interior specialities. A Triumph of .lournulitiii. On a recent Sunday morning the New Yoik Herald appeared in septu ple form of 24 pages or 14-1 closely piintcd columns, of which lOo'.j were advertisements. This is said to be the largest edition of any daily overissued. To accomplish this work iu any print ing office in a single day in any j r'u: ing office seems almost impossible With a computed circulation of 130, 050 copies, it required 40,300 pounds or SOy tons of paper; o30niet.il casts pentiilcs;, ':md r. oi Jirraui pages, wciglung i ions ot shanks. Then pi metal ; ;i,.rj,joo pieces of type, or 1, 173,300 ems of composition to furnish tho bare material. Two large melting furnaces with double stoicotyping machinery, and seven pci fecting dou ble presses disposed of this material, 9G page plates per hour being put OitKGox Invention. Tho Inland Etnpiro says that at the shops of the forth from the stereotype dep.ulment, 0. It. &X. Co., in that city, may be and 2,333 perfect eight pago sheets, TiiL'iu: aro about oight ltundrcd'ln dians on tho Warm Spring reserve. Thoy are busy sowing grain, and nro improving in tho nits of indutry. soon u now pattern of "angle-blocks" for Howe Truss bridges, mado of cast iron. They are tho designs of II. B. Thielsen, the assistant chief en gineer of the road, and wcro cast at tho Willamette Iron Work, in I'ort-l-md, under supervision of James Lo- tan. It is plum that they aro far superior to the old style of block, as thoy roquirs no cutting away of tho woodwork, so it can he scon thoy add greatly toward strengthening of the chords. Mr. Thielsen lins applied for loiters patent upon his invontion, from which wo hope to seo him reap a hnndsom royalty. Thuth and pouTn.Y. If panic palls tho business skies and ruin threatens advertise 1 Whato'or tho kind, whato'or tho sizo of your pro fession ttdvortiso I Tho man whose businoss quickly dio6 is not tho man to advertise ; hut ho who lives will not despise to lengthen life and ud voitiso. Lot it bo truth, let it bo lies it matters not, but advortiso ! If you linvo goods you highly prize, tho world should know it auvortiso ! Ifvouhave goods you oko dosnise, you'll sell thom if you'll ndvoitiso, or olso you need not bo surprised if bv tho sheriff vou'ro advertised. -Kx. somo of them cut, pasted and .folded, being printed every minute by these presses. To tako tho written copy for this papor, and set it up, print it and deliver it to the mails and to buyers, requiied the labor of 150 compositors, proof-readers and copy-holders, 25 sterootypcrs, Go pressmen, engineers, fucmen, machinists and paper wetcrs, and 30 distributors, folders and wrap- pois. There Is Diui&oi In Hie Clfinr. Yesterday morning, says tho Ike, tho steamer Orient left Portia id for Dayton, Tho night before, tho pur ser, Mr, Phillips, was given two cigars by a party here, but had put thom iu his pocket. Yesterday, just after din ner, wMilo the stoamor was going up tho Yamhill rivor, Mr. Phillips light ed one of tho cigars and was smoking it. Ho was just entering his offico, and had tho cigar hot woon his lingers about six or eight inches from bis face, when it exploded with a loud ro poit, shuttering tho window glass and burning bis bands and faco badly. His left eye nicoivod a good part of tho charge, and his faco and forehead woro burned black. Tho fingois, thumb and palm of tho left hand woro also badly burned, mid tho flush torn by tho foteo of tha oxploiio.i. Ills Tlio Itroomflcltl .llurdcr. The Walla Walla Statesman says it is now fully known that the murdered man Brootnficld left his wife in Kan sas City and ran away with his step son's wife, the murdered woman. Ilroomfield, the murdered man, was 49 years old, and Mrs. Shanks, the murdered woman, was 10 years old. Hroomlield was a highly esteemed and wealthy farmer pru'oiis to his fall. Ho conspired to hue his stop-son chased out of tho untry. Then sold all of his property 'caving his wife away with Mrs. d up with Thom as the man who murdered them, some win ro in California. He was a rela tive of Broomfield's, and followed him no doubt purposolv to rob him. After tho murder, Thomas cashed a check of Broomfield's at Colfax for $12,000, ho then went to Kansas City, wheio he tried to negotiate at the city bank iu the sale of somt of Broomfield's U.. S. bonds, whore ho was arrested. Qujte a littlo town has sprung up at tho Cascade loe'es. There are about 100 residents, cxclusivo of the employ es on tho looks, who number at pres out 3.")0. Thero aro two stores, three hotels, one restaurant, a shoe shop, butcher shop, etc. A commodious! school house is being built, whioh will accommodate about fifty children. Timber culturo has been successful ly tried in various portions of Wasco county dining tho past year. Poplar cuttings attained in ono year's growth tho height of two foot. THK HARBOR OF REFUGE. $0,000,000 Io1Iiii-h llcqulrctl !! I'urlliei- l'urtiuiiliirx. In eomplianco with Failey's resolu tion, tho Secretary of War transmitted to tho Sonoto copies of the majority and minority repoits made by tho board of engineers under authority of act of March 3,1879, which appropria ted $150,000 to bo expended by the Sec letaryofWur in the commencement ot tho construction of 'a break-water and harbor of refuge at such a point on tlio Paoifla ocean between San Francisco and the Straits of Fuca, as may in tho opinion of a majority of tho board of engineers for tho Pacifia coast be most suitablo for the interests of commerce, local and general inter ests being considered. Tho reports arc very voluminous, entering into ai minuto description of tho various points examined and giving complete statistics of marine disasters along the Pacific for a number of years, together with elaborate estimates of the cost of the proposed work. Tho majority leport is signed by Cols.S. 0. Steward and Geo. II. Mon dall and Major G. L. Gillespie. They designate Port Orfcul, Oregon, as tho most suitable point, and estimate $8, 954,050 as the total cost. This esti tnato of nearly nine millions is based on the calculation that the break-water is solid, and no allowance is mado for rocks, but it includes $250,000 (or the purchase of land, construction of dwellings and other preliminary ex penditures. They suggest that if Con gress decides to construct, it will bo economy to make an appropriation of about $1,000,000 per year until half the work shall be completed. Tho area then recovered would bo sufficient for any pressing requirements of coiw mcrce, and tho work could be suspend ed until a further growth makes the necessity for enlargement apparent. The minority report is signed by Lieut. Col. It. S. Williamson. He ear nestly recommends Trinidad, Cal., as tho best location for a Pacific coast harbor of refuge, and estimates that $2,537,430 will be ample to construct; one at that port. Both reports agree in eliminating from the problem for one reason or another all points ex cept Port Orfr.rJ and Trinidad. The majority assign the following as the main controlling consideration which determined their conclusions: Port Orford is near the middle part of the great storm belt. Trinidad is near the southern extremity. Port Orford divides the unharbored stretch lying between San Francisco and the Straits of Fuca into two nearly equal parts of 350 miles each. Trinidad di vides the coast into two unequal por tions of 250 and 450 to make the lee ward fraction, both much tho longer and more stormy Port Orford will by its positionbc accessible to-all vessel that can make Trinidad, and in addi tion will be a refuge to all sail vessels between Trinidad and P6rt OrfordL According to our view, a harbor of refuge at Trinidad can never have thir importancc or produce the benefits to general commerce that arc necessary to justify the expenditure of the mon ey to build it. If thero is any placo on tho North Pacific coast where a large expenditure is justifiable it is at Port Orford. Thoy also say, in the course of their argiini ent us to tho superior advan tages of Port Orford, that it is locally well situated being further west and in a salient part of the coast, is close to the route of the steam commerce of tho northwest coast as well, is well marked by permanent and easily re cognized land marks and its approach from tho windward direction is freo and open. Col. Williamson in his minority re port quotes from the majority report the following admissions in favor of, Trinidad. First, that there arc no. reefs iu its approaches und the harbor is free front hidden dangers. Second; that Trinidad head belongs to the Government and will furnish suffici--ent material to- construct the break, water. Third, that a given area of protected anchorage ground can bo colored here at a considerable less ex pen?o than at Pott Orford. Ho comments at length on this last admission, and develops its large sig nificance by contrasting the comp.inn tivoly small estimate to covor the cost of a harbor of roftigo at Trinidad with, tho majority estimate of nearly 9, 000,000 for Port Orford. Ho then pro ceeds to-show that tho greater part ot tho marine disasters have occurred; south of Trinidad, and that the mum ber of vqssoIs arriving at and depart ing from Trinidad and ports south of. it is much greater than from, ports-to. the northward, including tho Colunir bia river. He lays great stress on alii these considerations, and also refers to the faol that tho Pacific coast board; of engineers who investigated this whole subject in. 1876, unanimously reported in. favor of Trinidad as tho best location, That report was sign ed by Colonels Alexander and Stow art, and Major Mendell and himself (Williamson.) Tho reports rocoived to-day were, on motion of Farloy, roferred to the printing committee, with a viow to. having them printed. Neither tho Secretary of War nor the chief of en gineers, in transmitting the docu ments to the Senate, makes any com ment upon them..