The Coast mail. (Marshfield, Or.) 187?-1902, May 22, 1880, Image 1

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The Coast Mail.
Marshflcld, Coos Co., Or.
Terms, In Atfrunrr.
Ono year -Six
Tin Co month -
$2 fit)
1 fiO
r 00
Mate of Omjim.
Governor, ' W. W. Thayer
.Secictnry of sjtato, it. V. Enrhiirt
Tteiisuror, K. 1 1 tirnli
Supt. Public Schools, J. L. Powell
2d Judicial Dintriet.
Distiiet Attorney,
. H. Hazard
County Judge,
Kchnni Superintendent,
C(ii oner, ,
Cooi County.
J. If. Nosier
SJohn Konyon
K. O. Dement
A. G. Aiken
Alex. Slant!'
IX Mntso, Jr
John Lauo
J. V. Mooro
T. C. Mackcy
No. 21.
whittkw mil Tin: coaht Mail.
Of On'koh'n Noiillicru CoiinI,
numiii:u XIX.
Chrry County.
County Judge, Delict WoodruM'
School Supt.,
t P. lltlL'hcil
A. IT. Moore
Waller Sutton
A. M. Gillespie
M. B. Gibson
Thus. Cunningham
.11 r. Hit cm.
Tlio character of Mm. PrcMuIcnt
Hayes in Unit spoken of by u Washing-
ton coriespondcnt of a Paris journal:
Mr. Hayes, and all ladies seem to
agree, (and certainly they are a criti
cal juiy) iwscsxes extraordinary tact
in receiving a miscellaneous company.
On tlio many occasions at which I
ham had an opportunity to observe
her skill in this particular, 1 have nov
crseen her at n loss or cmharraHcd
for tho lack of koiiio toady resource
with whiehjohiidgo over a threaten
ed awkward hiatus in adrawing room
or public reception. .She id aided in
her powers of entertainment by a
very dignified, yet graceful manner,
which makes her naturally tho lead
ing person in the room, without anv
nll'eelationof suporori.y. I think it
only tine to say that Mrs. Hayes.
whether the President's wife or not,
would itnprors herself upon a specta
tor as the lirsl lady in a drawing room.
She come of u rather pi osperom fam
ily, and ban long experience, in deal
ing with crowd. Mr. Haven whk
twice a mumherot Congress, anil dur
ing these terms Mm. Hayes Kicd in
Wirshfngtou, and was in a Kvtilinu to
ntudy tho rules and forms of society.
Later Mr. Haiva was elected Govern
or of Ohio, and bis wife, therefore,
caiv much of miscellaneous society in
this connection. Still, it is evidently
due to innate tact, lather than expe
rience, that Mrs. Hayes iccciiui a el
egantly as she does. And the best
pai t of it is tliut every look and action
show that sho is a woman of the
bouie ciicle, back of all tho splendor
of social life. I don't know how many
poisons I have heard say an they
came from her presence, " What a
good woman," " What a good mother
bbu must be," and tho like. And
these comments aru deserved. Plob
ably there never was a family in the
White house so domestic and simple
in its tastes, mid so determined to pie
norm in a high station tho virtues
which characterize, tho humbler
homes of America than the present
A Doutlly 'ombul.
A Visulia, California, dispatch
of the 11th hits tlio following: A
league picnic was given at Hanfonl
to-day, nt which about 200 persons
woro present. U. S. Marshal I'oolo
mid V. II. Clurk, land grabcr, ar
rived at Hanover this morning to (Hh
possess settlers, and left at 7 :.'i0
o'clock to servo process on Win. Uro.
don and others. Leagues collected
and followed tlio Marshal and over.
took him threo miles north oCGrango
villo, and commanded him and the
graber to surrender, which they did-
Thou then commanded Crow, pur
chaser from tlio railroad company,
and u companion named Hart, to
surrender. Instead of surrendering,
they leaped from their spring wagon
and fired with a shotgun and rillo,
killing James Harris, Iver Knutson
and John Henderson, and wounding
Arch McGregor, William Uroden,
I). Kolly and llymukcr, ull settlors.
The sottlorB returned tho fire,. wound
ing Hart fatally, and as Grow retreat,
od soiuo distanco a shot struck him,
killing him instantly. Tliore is great
(ixcitoniunt at Himford and vicinity,
hut tho leaders of tholeaguo caution
Tin: mon engaged in grain ulova
tors aro found to sucoumh very quick
ly to pulmonary diseases. Tho Hfo
of a "scoopor" is variously cstimato
nt an avorago of throo to hvo years.
A niovomont is now on foot to to a
mond tho conditions under which the
work 1b currio on,
No uim can poisibly represent or
nppreciulo our feelings upon our de
livery from the trying scenes of the
past. It was a pleasure to mo even if
I had known I should die tho next
moment. Hcdden was pleased to bo
able to say that ho had done his whole
duty faithfully. With his long and
malted hair, bis thick beard, no eloth
iiift but his ragged breeches, his feel
and legs dreadfully lacorated, his
cheek bones breaking through tho
skin, ho was i pally it pitiful object to
look at, h it ho was soon washed,
dressed, combed and looked like quite
.1 different person. I was naked ex
cept a ragged shirt. I had mado no
pretensions to" wash for more than
two weeks. Dry blood and matter
covered every part of my person. My
hair long and matted together with
blood and rendered worse hv run
ning wound; wallowing in tho dirt
night and day had not particiihuly
improved my personal appearance.
The most of tho bruises and f mailer
wounds were neaily well. The "bad
wound," as Huilden all the time called
it, which was giving mo so much
tumble, bad not bled any at all out
side, and had been firmly closed for
several days, and tho whole lower p.ut
of the abdomen was of deep black
and blue color, and swollen as tightly
as it was possible for the skin to be
drawn. The tiwk of washing and
dressing my wounds was no easy one
I was held up by two persons, nnd
carefully rubbed down by tho third.
My hairclosely trimmed, and indue
course ol time, tho wounds were pro
nounced dres.vd and was put to bed
on a mattress oil' the lloor, from which
I never expected to iNo. A little
giuel win prepared and brought to
hip but my appetite was gone.
At my request Hcdden made bis
bed near me so that 1 could lay my
baud upon bis face to instantly wake
him if necessary for any purpose du
ring the night. All hands about the
house went to bed and Hcdden was
sound asleep in a few minutes
I was HUlleriug more sovernly than
at any former t:mo; suddenly about
midnight, I fell a peculiar sensation
where tho arrow entered, I placed my
band to the wound and found blood
or matter flowing freely therefrom.
Tho severe pain suddenly ceased ; I
mado a motion towards Hcdden, not
knowing whether I was dying or go
ing to bleep, and was conscious of
nothing further until I was awakened
from sound sleep next morning. .This
was the flrxt sleep I had had n'nce I
was wounded. It was about an hour
past Hiitinso; Hcdden and others
were standing around me, I felt easy
but too weak to move, and asked
permission to remain as I was and
sleep more, but of course it was nec
essary to iciiiovo mo from tho bed
and again dress my wounds. Tho
wound in the body had opened and a
largo amount of bloody Mihstauco
had escaped therefrom ; Hie bed was
full, blankets completely saturated,
and a largo stream had run aeoss tho
floor and formed u good sized "pud
dle" outsido; no one present estimat
ed uio amount to tic less tium J-
quarts. On being washed and dress
ed, I was surprised, as woro all others
present, to find myself nblo to get up
out of a chair and walk across the
house. I blept nearly all day and one
man's euro appeared necessary ; Hcd
den was detailed to take euro of mc-
Wlien wo arrived hero, wo had ox
peeled to find Dovanport, but ho had
uotyot arrived; on tho thiid dny ho
came in and roprcsouted that ho had I
been lost in the mountains, hence tho
delay, llo was much emaciated, but
being unhurt, bo was soon able to go
to work, which ho dii.
Remaining, horo under 1 Hodden's
kind changa in. tho wound,
which required dressing three or four
tiino a day, and at the end of 3 weeks
wo received papois from l'oitland,
Orogon, bringing us tho welcome in
telligence that V Vault and Ihusli'liad
both escaped, neither of them, being
much hurt; thoy had Micocedcd in
crossing tho river in ucauoo, and had
made their way to tort Orford, and
T'Vault availing hinitolf of tlio nt
opportunity had procoedod to Tort
land and thonco to bin homo nt Oio
go n City. He published an account
of his unfortunate expedition, of tho
escape of himself (uid lirush, and as
was reasonable for him to suppose,
publishod a list of all tho remainder
of the party as killed, His published
Btaiomont of his escape was as tol.
Ions: ''That ho was knooked into
Indians in canoes, that while he wan
struggling in tho water a young In
dian guided bis caiioo into their midst
and helped him into it, then paddled
to where IJrush was struggling and
helped him in also, gave each of them
a paddle, headed tho canoe for tho
south bank, and then jumped into tho
water himself and swam ashore.
Wo paddled over to tho south sido
of tho liver and escaped without any
further molestation and mado our way
to Port Orford." This report appears
strango indeed to us who participated
in that sad affair, but never was dis
puted by Urusli, who frequently wrote
letters for publication
Threo months passed away and no
perceptible change having taken
place, Dr. K. II. Fisko came in from
San Francisco, where ho had been to
meet his family ; bo offered bis cer
vices and examined and probed the
wound, but no arrow point could be
found, although the probe would fol
low in any direction after passing
through the abdomen. Ho decided
it to be impracticable to attempt to
extract tho arrow, and utilised that I
wait and let nature persuc ils com
mon course. Ho claimed that it
would work out itself in time, but
could not tell whether it would bo six
months or ten years, hut (hat if I
could stand it, relief would be sure to
In January 18."2, I was put into a
boat under tlio charge of Capt II. Spi
cer and moved to Dr. Fiske's bouse at
Scottsbnrg, iiO miles up the river,
where I leinained for many months,
having tho best of care possible for
any one to bestow.
There was not much change notie
able until about Xov., 1852, when the
opposite sido fioni tho anow entered
became soie and inflamed, and after
in my days of intense sulfering it
opened, and speedy relief followed,
similar openings accanion.illy occur
ring until there were seven orifices in
all, which could be probed through
into tho cavity. The caie and atten
tion requited, increased with this, and
Mr Hcdden either altendedto rue in
person or secured tho services of some
one to act in that capacity for him.
Knelt of thchonew openingh was pain
ful and M'veie, and each lcvived Dr.
Fiske's theory and all bclieied tho ar
low coining; but it was not until af
ter more than ! years of suffering and
torture that the point made its ap
pearance nearly opposite where it en
tered, having worked its way directly
through tho body.
The orifice where it first appeared
was not of sufficient size for it to pass
out, and with a knife I enlarged it so
that it could be drawn out with the
thumb and finger. The barb was one
inch wide and about 1 inches long,
made of iron. That came out, but
where was tho joint of the arrow shaft
to which it was attached ? Some where
inside but could not bo found with a
probe. The action of tho body had
separated them, and tho other part
must bo removed before I could get
well. The opouiugs appearing much
lower on tho body than where the ar
row had entered, gave tho matter or
pus an opportunity to (low oil' as fast
as formed, thus lelieiing me of much
pain, for prior to this time, it would
accumulate inside and great sulfer
ing followed ; asido from that, I need
ed as much care and attention and was
nearly as helpless asovor.
I possessed nothing in this world
but friends, and they seemed to vie
with each other to seo who could do
tho most for mo ; l was at home every
where, and always well cared for by
all. I had become able to walk a tuilo
or so in a day to that I could visit from
ono to another ; this was a great plea
sure to mo.
(To be continued)
CHlh orAlMl-el-KiuIer.
. . V. Bulletin.
The telegraph has recorded the
death of Abd-el-Kadct, in many rc
Bpectsone of the most remarkable
men of his uge. He was a heroin
every sense of the word. When the
French invaded Algiers, Abd-cl-Kadcr
was a student in ono of the
seats of learning in that country.
Although at that time so young,
ho was elected chief by somo of the
tribes to oppose the conquest of the
country by France. Shortly after.
ward ho was elected Governor of
Mascara and proclaimed a relig
ious war against tho invaders.
Subsequently the French concluded
a treaty with him, by which they
recognized his sovereignty to a por
tion of the country. He soon, how
ever, became embroiled with them
and for more than ten years waged a
continual warfare against the French
army. Overpowering numbers and
resources led to the ultimate tri
umph of the French, and Abd-cl-Kadcr
capitulated December 23,
1813, upon the understanding that
he should be allowed to retire to
Alexandriaor St. Jean d'Acrc. This
promise was not kept, and ho was
imprisoned in various French for
tresses, until released by Louis Na
poleon in 1S52, when he swore upon
the Koran not to oppose French
rule in Africa. This promise he
most religiously kept, and he further
treated Christians in Asia Minor
with the greatest consideration.
For bis protestation of the Christian
sects in Syria, ho was decorated by
the French Kmperor. In 1S52 he
obtained a pension from the French
Government, which, vo believe, he
enjoyed until his death, a short time
since, nt Damascus. In addition (o
his renown as a soldier, Abd-el-Ka-der
was an author. Some of hifc
works were translated into the- lan
guages of Kurope. Ho was original.
ty ctioscn as a leader ol Algerian
cause, on account of his spirited po
etic appeals to his countrymen to re
sist the French invaders.
the liver and immediately besot by
A Succkssi'ul Novelist. Jules
Verne was born in Nantes in 1829.
After attaining bis majority bo stud
ied law in Paris, but dropped it at the
ago of 22 to write for tho stago. De
spairing of fame in this role, ho 15
years ago struck out on a now path,
publishing in a popular weekly a talo
entitled " Five Weeks in a Ualloon ; a
Voyage of Discovery." Put between
covers, tho scientific and geographi
cal ronuinoo drow very wido atten
tion, especially of tho young, and in
dicated his bo3t lino of labor. Acou
rato observation, dcsciiptivo talont,
strict logicalness, dramatic narrative,
rondorcd it very interesting, and tho
now order of literaturo commended it
to tho public. Sinco thou ho has
stoadily woikod in tlio same field, and
has published moro than a docn of
theso stories, Ho has made about
$250,000 ; is in good health, oontoutod
IlriNterln;; Woman Voters.
Harper's Mag.v'no.
We are indebted to a "staff corres
pondent" for the following anecdote
concerning the recent registration of
female voters in Hoston. Its accura
cy vouched for by an eminent ar
tist one of the distinguished stone
cutters of the Hub.
Filter old lady of a certain age.
"I wish to register, sir."
"Your name, if you please?"
"Ahnira Jane Sampson."
Your age?"
"Beg pardon.".
"Your age."
"Do 1 understand that I must give
my tiger
"Yes, miss, the law requires it."
"Worlds, sir, would not tempt me
give it. Not that I care. No : 1 had
as lief wear it on my bonnet, as a
hackniau does his number; but I'm
a twin, and if my sister has a weak
ness., it is that she dislikes any ref
erence made to her ago ; and I could
not give iny own, because I don'
wish to offend her."
A .ll'm-dcroiin Annum It In Iliim
llllii On n't y.
On the 9th instant a most fiendish
assault and probable murder was com
mitted by a herder named Murphy,
near Ilcppncr. Murphy was herding j
sheep for Mr. Snyder, whoso farm
joined that of Mr. French. Mr. Sny
der was informed that the hctder was
allowing his sheep upon French's
premises and into his grain field, and
requested that they bo kept away.
Mr. Snyder employed a young man
named Anderson to go and see Mur
phy about it, who went up to seo him
that evening. Murnhy bad been
drinking and seemed enraged when
Anderson told his business, lie said
to Anderson, " Did French tell Sny
der that tho sheep were in his field ? "
Anderson answered in tho affirmative,
and Murphy replied, " He is a d d
liar; I'll go and kill him;" at the
same time going into his tent and
getting a44-ealiber Remington revol
ver. Anderson asked him if bo would
da so cowardly a trick as. to kill a poor
man with a large family without the
least provocation. Murphy replied,
"That would bo cowardly." Just then
Mr. Ficnch came walking up, whist
ling. When he was near, Murphy
said to him, " Did you tell Syder that
his sheep were in your field?"
French replied, " I did," when Mur
phy retorted angiily, at the same time
grasping Ficnch by the coat collar
with his left hand, and with bis right
hand drawing his pistol and placing
it nearly against his temple, fired.
As he drew the pistol, Ficnch said
"Oh, don't! " and fell forward almost
into the murderer's arms. Murphy,
after walking aiouud and surveying
his victim, turned to Anderson, who
stood near, grasped his arm and said :
" Now, d n you, don't you tell any
one but Snyder." Anderson was ter
libly frightened, and ran with all pos
sible speed, and was nearly exhausted
w hen he reached Ilcppncr, where he
told his terrible story. A crowd of
citizens and a physician immediately
tepaired to the spot and found Mr.
Fieneb standing up, and ascertained
that he had walked some distance
fiom where he fell. He was talking
and waving his hands, pet fectly un
conscious of what be was doing, and
picientcd a fearful sight; bis eyes,
covered with d'ut and blood, almost
started from the sockets, his beard
and hair wete t-tifT nith congealed
blood, while blood wasstieaming from
his noo and cars and covering his
clothes. Tho ball entered the left
temple, and ranging downward came
out just below the left cheek bone.
Mr, French wa alive on Monday
morning, but there is no hope of his
wounds were dressed, and he was
made as comfoi table as possible tut
des the circumstances, Upon exam
ining tho other cigar, n dynamite car
tridge of fuc, such as ucd for explod
ing giant powder was found concealed
in the tobacco. The miscreant who
had prepared the articles had a bole
in the cigar, insert. '1 tho fu"-e, and
then filled up the end with fine cut to-
lweo. Had the i'ir been in Mr.
Phillips' mouth at ihu time it explod
ed ho would litiio 'i ( a good chance
of being killed, as t n charge was too
largo a one to bo treated as a joke. If
the cowaidly villain who prepared
these cigars could be traced, he should
be summarily dealt with.
The Spirit of tlio Conirdcrntc
We print below an extract from an
address delivered by K v. J. Taylor
Martin, at Charlotte, Noith Carolina,
in 187C. It was received with enthu
siasm, and tho events of the fourycars
that have sinco transpired show how
well ho expressed the purposes of the
Democracy of the South. The spirit
manifested by the confederate major
ity in the House during the special
session of Congress, last year, and the
sentiment that finds expression
from the same source wherever it is
not restrained by considerations of
policy, are the same that we find here
only in a milder form. This is what
he says :
" Tho South is to-day ruled over by
the miserable thrall of Yankeedom ;
but they cannot muzle our chivalry
and patiiotic"dcvotion to the " Lost
Cause." We have fought for our
rights, but in God's dispensation we
are vanquished, but not cowed. Slav
cry was a divine inJitution, and we
mut have that institution or the
South n ill ever bo bankrupt. They
speak of our caue as the "Lost
Cause." If so, shall it be lo-t forever?
No! a new generation has sprung up,
and at a not far distant day there will
be "stars and bars" floating proudly
over our sunny South. In the nest
political campaign, no must, even if
in the minority, support a southern
man who will build up our interests
and hurl the Yankee pickpockets
from our midst We arc to-day united
to the Puritanical host by an artifi
cial tie ; but we arc a distinct people,
and God and the right will enable us
to show the world tho truth and equi
ty of our chums. Our statesmen now
in Congress are the only element that
lcflcts credit on the United States.
Is it not better to hang to tho "Lost
Cause " than to stay in a Government
of corruption? "
The CoastMaiI.
-A.xx xix-vsai xaavaa.
The Development of our Mines, tho
Improvement of our harbors, and rail
road communication with the Interior
A Triumph of .lournulitiii.
On a recent Sunday morning the
New Yoik Herald appeared in septu
ple form of 24 pages or 14-1 closely
piintcd columns, of which lOo'.j were
advertisements. This is said to be the
largest edition of any daily overissued.
To accomplish this work iu any print
ing office in a single day in any j r'u:
ing office seems almost impossible
With a computed circulation of 130,
050 copies, it required 40,300 pounds
or SOy tons of paper; casts pentiilcs;, ':md r.
oi Jirraui pages, wciglung i ions ot shanks. Then pi
metal ; ;i,.rj,joo pieces of type, or 1,
173,300 ems of composition to furnish
tho bare material. Two large melting
furnaces with double stoicotyping
machinery, and seven pci fecting dou
ble presses disposed of this material,
9G page plates per hour being put
OitKGox Invention. Tho Inland
Etnpiro says that at the shops of the forth from the stereotype dep.ulment,
0. It. &X. Co., in that city, may be and 2,333 perfect eight pago sheets,
TiiL'iu: aro about oight ltundrcd'ln
dians on tho Warm Spring reserve.
Thoy are busy sowing grain, and nro
improving in tho nits of indutry.
soon u now pattern of "angle-blocks"
for Howe Truss bridges, mado of
cast iron. They are tho designs of
II. B. Thielsen, the assistant chief en
gineer of the road, and wcro cast at
tho Willamette Iron Work, in I'ort-l-md,
under supervision of James Lo-
tan. It is plum that they aro far
superior to the old style of block, as
thoy roquirs no cutting away of tho
woodwork, so it can he scon thoy add
greatly toward strengthening of the
chords. Mr. Thielsen lins applied
for loiters patent upon his invontion,
from which wo hope to seo him reap
a hnndsom royalty.
Thuth and pouTn.Y. If panic
palls tho business skies and ruin
threatens advertise 1 Whato'or tho
kind, whato'or tho sizo of your pro
fession ttdvortiso I Tho man whose
businoss quickly dio6 is not tho man
to advertise ; hut ho who lives will
not despise to lengthen life and ud
voitiso. Lot it bo truth, let it bo
lies it matters not, but advortiso !
If you linvo goods you highly prize,
tho world should know it auvortiso !
Ifvouhave goods you oko dosnise,
you'll sell thom if you'll ndvoitiso,
or olso you need not bo surprised if
bv tho sheriff vou'ro advertised.
somo of them cut, pasted and .folded,
being printed every minute by these
presses. To tako tho written copy for
this papor, and set it up, print it and
deliver it to the mails and to buyers,
requiied the labor of 150 compositors,
proof-readers and copy-holders, 25
sterootypcrs, Go pressmen, engineers,
fucmen, machinists and paper wetcrs,
and 30 distributors, folders and wrap-
There Is Diui&oi In Hie Clfinr.
Yesterday morning, says tho Ike,
tho steamer Orient left Portia id for
Dayton, Tho night before, tho pur
ser, Mr, Phillips, was given two cigars
by a party here, but had put thom iu
his pocket. Yesterday, just after din
ner, wMilo the stoamor was going up
tho Yamhill rivor, Mr. Phillips light
ed one of tho cigars and was smoking
it. Ho was just entering his offico,
and had tho cigar hot woon his lingers
about six or eight inches from bis
face, when it exploded with a loud ro
poit, shuttering tho window glass and
burning bis bands and faco badly.
His left eye nicoivod a good part of
tho charge, and his faco and forehead
woro burned black. Tho fingois,
thumb and palm of tho left hand woro
also badly burned, mid tho flush torn
by tho foteo of tha oxploiio.i. Ills
Tlio Itroomflcltl .llurdcr.
The Walla Walla Statesman says it
is now fully known that the murdered
man Brootnficld left his wife in Kan
sas City and ran away with his step
son's wife, the murdered woman.
Ilroomfield, the murdered man, was
49 years old, and Mrs. Shanks, the
murdered woman, was 10 years old.
Hroomlield was a highly esteemed and
wealthy farmer pru'oiis to his fall.
Ho conspired to hue his stop-son
chased out of tho untry. Then sold
all of his property 'caving his wife
away with Mrs.
d up with Thom
as the man who murdered them, some
win ro in California. He was a rela
tive of Broomfield's, and followed him
no doubt purposolv to rob him. After
tho murder, Thomas cashed a check
of Broomfield's at Colfax for $12,000,
ho then went to Kansas City, wheio
he tried to negotiate at the city bank
iu the sale of somt of Broomfield's U..
S. bonds, whore ho was arrested.
Qujte a littlo town has sprung up at
tho Cascade loe'es. There are about
100 residents, cxclusivo of the employ
es on tho looks, who number at pres
out 3.")0. Thero aro two stores, three
hotels, one restaurant, a shoe shop,
butcher shop, etc. A commodious!
school house is being built, whioh will
accommodate about fifty children.
Timber culturo has been successful
ly tried in various portions of Wasco
county dining tho past year. Poplar
cuttings attained in ono year's growth
tho height of two foot.
$0,000,000 Io1Iiii-h llcqulrctl !!
I'urlliei- l'urtiuiiliirx.
In eomplianco with Failey's resolu
tion, tho Secretary of War transmitted
to tho Sonoto copies of the majority
and minority repoits made by tho
board of engineers under authority of
act of March 3,1879, which appropria
ted $150,000 to bo expended by the Sec
letaryofWur in the commencement
ot tho construction of 'a break-water
and harbor of refuge at such a point
on tlio Paoifla ocean between San
Francisco and the Straits of Fuca, as
may in tho opinion of a majority of tho
board of engineers for tho Pacifia
coast be most suitablo for the interests
of commerce, local and general inter
ests being considered. Tho reports
arc very voluminous, entering into ai
minuto description of tho various
points examined and giving complete
statistics of marine disasters along the
Pacific for a number of years, together
with elaborate estimates of the cost of
the proposed work.
Tho majority leport is signed by
Cols.S. 0. Steward and Geo. II. Mon
dall and Major G. L. Gillespie. They
designate Port Orfcul, Oregon, as tho
most suitable point, and estimate $8,
954,050 as the total cost. This esti
tnato of nearly nine millions is based
on the calculation that the break-water
is solid, and no allowance is mado
for rocks, but it includes $250,000 (or
the purchase of land, construction of
dwellings and other preliminary ex
penditures. They suggest that if Con
gress decides to construct, it will bo
economy to make an appropriation of
about $1,000,000 per year until half the
work shall be completed. Tho area
then recovered would bo sufficient for
any pressing requirements of coiw
mcrce, and tho work could be suspend
ed until a further growth makes the
necessity for enlargement apparent.
The minority report is signed by
Lieut. Col. It. S. Williamson. He ear
nestly recommends Trinidad, Cal., as
tho best location for a Pacific coast
harbor of refuge, and estimates that
$2,537,430 will be ample to construct;
one at that port. Both reports agree
in eliminating from the problem for
one reason or another all points ex
cept Port Orfr.rJ and Trinidad.
The majority assign the following as
the main controlling consideration
which determined their conclusions:
Port Orford is near the middle part of
the great storm belt. Trinidad is
near the southern extremity. Port
Orford divides the unharbored stretch
lying between San Francisco and the
Straits of Fuca into two nearly equal
parts of 350 miles each. Trinidad di
vides the coast into two unequal por
tions of 250 and 450 to make the lee
ward fraction, both much tho longer
and more stormy Port Orford will by
its positionbc accessible to-all vessel
that can make Trinidad, and in addi
tion will be a refuge to all sail vessels
between Trinidad and P6rt OrfordL
According to our view, a harbor of
refuge at Trinidad can never have thir
importancc or produce the benefits to
general commerce that arc necessary
to justify the expenditure of the mon
ey to build it. If thero is any placo
on tho North Pacific coast where a
large expenditure is justifiable it is at
Port Orford.
Thoy also say, in the course of their
argiini ent us to tho superior advan
tages of Port Orford, that it is locally
well situated being further west and
in a salient part of the coast, is close
to the route of the steam commerce of
tho northwest coast as well, is well
marked by permanent and easily re
cognized land marks and its approach
from tho windward direction is freo
and open.
Col. Williamson in his minority re
port quotes from the majority report
the following admissions in favor of,
Trinidad. First, that there arc no.
reefs iu its approaches und the harbor
is free front hidden dangers. Second;
that Trinidad head belongs to the
Government and will furnish suffici--ent
material to- construct the break,
water. Third, that a given area of
protected anchorage ground can bo
colored here at a considerable less ex
pen?o than at Pott Orford.
Ho comments at length on this last
admission, and develops its large sig
nificance by contrasting the comp.inn
tivoly small estimate to covor the cost
of a harbor of roftigo at Trinidad with,
tho majority estimate of nearly 9,
000,000 for Port Orford. Ho then pro
ceeds to-show that tho greater part ot
tho marine disasters have occurred;
south of Trinidad, and that the mum
ber of vqssoIs arriving at and depart
ing from Trinidad and ports south of.
it is much greater than from, ports-to.
the northward, including tho Colunir
bia river. He lays great stress on alii
these considerations, and also refers
to the faol that tho Pacific coast board;
of engineers who investigated this
whole subject in. 1876, unanimously
reported in. favor of Trinidad as tho
best location, That report was sign
ed by Colonels Alexander and Stow
art, and Major Mendell and himself
Tho reports rocoived to-day were,
on motion of Farloy, roferred to the
printing committee, with a viow to.
having them printed. Neither tho
Secretary of War nor the chief of en
gineers, in transmitting the docu
ments to the Senate, makes any com
ment upon them..