The Coast mail. (Marshfield, Or.) 187?-1902, January 24, 1880, Image 1

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    JE&j&KJZj
The Coast Mail.
rinu.iNiiKi)
EVERY SATURDAY MORNING,
nv
WEBSTER, HACKER & 10CKHART,
Mnrshllolil, Cats Co., Or.
Term, In Ail inn re.
One year - $2 M
Hlx inoiilliN - 1 M
Threo month - - -MX)
OFFICIAL PAPKR OF (HMS 10.
A Nul 'itm.
Oih of the Hiuldeat ehpter to to
found in (ho history of tho Uto storm
of tho Dth, in tlio following taken
from the Htr.
Hut a short tlmo ngn Mr. Henry
llockntt, with IiIk wifo mid child, nr
rived in Oregon from Inwn, and pur
chnaed n piece of milnnul Und near
thofnrmof Ex-Mnyor Newbury,
ON HPUIN0VIL1.K MOUNTAIN8.
Ho built i oomfortnblo littlo cabin
mid took Iiih family thither, having
lmilt it in tho timher on ncc.oiuU of
being convenient to wnter. Not fenr
inK the lull pine which encircled hia
home, he began tho work of clearing
n piece of level hind which una cover
ed witli brush, ulioiit n iunrter of n
mile from tho houao. At noontime
Ilia wife would enrry hin lunch to him,
taking the littlo child with her. On
Friday, the wind begun to mono
through the tree ulioiit noon, the sky
grcwihuk, and clouda awopt hy,boiid
iK the trill pines like waving plumes.
Kncli iiiinuto it increased in fierce
lies until the whole uir seemed to
liowl nnd ronr nnd the forest Inched
together in fury. The poor hnlf-ernr.eil
womiiii wnacertniu horhiiHlmiid would
come home, nnd wailed, ench mo
incut scenting mi nge. Ahout 1 o'clock
die liecnmo desperate, niul diking her
hnho to hcrbronst, who went forth into
the tcmpcHt. She hnd gone not more
Until n dozen yaida when, with n trc
inendoua crnah, tin uprooted tree fell
neroa the house, crushing it to the
ground. In ita descent the monnrch
of the foroat torn tho liniha from the
adjoining trcca, hurling tlicin to the
ground like hail. One of tho lilnba
struck the baby Irom her arms nnd
ilntdicd it to denth nt her very feet.
WITH A Wll.lt KIIHIKK"
Thnt rooe nlaivo the howling lornit
do nnd ronr of fulling timher, alio lore
the liiuh from oil' the mangled body
of her dntling nnd screaming na if
her heart would rend asunder, ran
down the mountniu aide with the
speed of the wind in the direction of
where her husband had heen working.
She leaped the fallen tree in her path
way like n deer, until, na alio aprniig
over one, n heart. rending iiioiiu fell
upon her ear. She turned and look
cd only for a accond, nnd then, with a
low, tremulous wail, sank to the
ground heaido her dead hnhe and al
most dying husband. When the
storm hroke in ita fury, he had started
for home in grout haste, paying no at
tention to the surrounding danger,
nnd was
PINIONED TO Till: IIAKTII
lly n falling tree. In thia condition
they were found hy our iuformnnt,
Jnmea Ford, a neighlair, who wna
coming to ace how Ihcy hnd fared, it
being now 2 :!M) o'clock when ho cmno
upon tiieiu. lly auperhuninii efforts
ho relcnaed Mr. Ileckett, whoso leg
wna hrokeii mid arm dialocnlcd and
crushed, nnd after making them na
coinfortnhlo na possible, nnd partially
reviving tho Kor woinnn, he linstcn-
cd homo for na.siatnneo, unit carried
them gently to n friendly aheltcr,
whero kind heart, worda mid deeda,
oon mndu them na comfortable na
possible. A phyaicinn nttciulcd the
huabiind nnd wife, while nn iinderlit
ker prepared tho little one for ita hint
resting place.
lVhlto AfYlriuiM.
Major I'into, the rortugueie ox
)ilorer who haa juat crossed Africa,
from Uenguelln south-westward to
Natal, deacrilie nracoof whiUf men
found hy him near the headquarter
of (he Zambezi. He nny : I one day
noticed that ono of tho carriers wna a
white man. Ho belonged to a race
unknown up to (ho proaont day. A
grout riimiy while H'oplo exist in
Hoiilh Africa. Their niuno ia Onsso
quero, they nrowliitcr thnn tho Cnu
caaintiH nnd in plnco of linirliiivo their
hernia covered with tuflu of ery short
wool, Their cheek-bone nro promt
"'nt, their eyes like Ihoao f Chineao.
The men nro extremely rohual. When
Uioy discharge an arrow nt ail olo
pliant llus shaft ia completely buried
in tho animal' body. They live on
"OntMlUld l, ,.,() ,,( l jM 0,y
wliou theso Niipplicu fail them Hint
Ihey hold nny relation with the
neighboring rnco, tho Ambiiehia, from
whom they obtain food in exchange
or ivory. Tho Oasseduoro aro an
entirely noinadio nice, nud never
deep two nighlH in the sniuoonciiinp
"ii'iit, They are the only people in
Africa Hint do not cook the'r f aid in
pot.
In Town tho hocnud wifo of a mini
who. wiih about to bo liiinged vnMip
plicnting for hia life while ho wnabeg
K'K to ace the picture of hin first
wifo,
COAS 1
Vol. 2.
WlttTTEN KOH Till! CHART MAJt..
HISTORICALJKETCHES
r Orctfon'M Hon llici'il I'ohmI.
NtlMIIEIt IV.
A. Mtfhl of p!rmir. mul n Mrnln( of
lliirrnr
On the night of tho 22d of Fohiu
nry, 185(5, the reaidenta at the nioulli
of ltoguc i i vim-and vicinity. Illled with
Hint patriotic aentlincnt which every
where inapirca true American hearts,
naaomblcd lo celebrate, in auitnhle fea
tivilioa.tho Annivorsnryof tho birth of
the "Father of Ilia (!ounlry." 'Hio
hotel kept hy Warwick anil Unburn
waa a acene of life ami pleaaure ; the
minora of the beach hnd laid naide
(heir implement of labor, donned
their holiday coatumea.nnd with their
wivca and sweetheart had met (he
atoekrniaera nnd the inemherHof their
houaehiddaiii a aocial dance. Though
the occasion wna not diatiuguiahed hy
thnt elegnnco of atylo whiidi wealth
nnd lelineinent lent to aimilnr nasem-
lilagea which met in more favored lo
calities that night, true womnnly
bi'iiuty anil virtue were there, nnd
manhood na honorable nnd brave na
ever won the amilca of the fair.
OnnacioiiR of nn impending out
break by theaavagea, tho men had ta
ken their trusty rillcH with them to
the party, and ao keen waM the aene
if surrounding danger, that on the
slightest noise outside, they aci.ed
their weapon nnd only laid them
aside after being satisfied thnt the
time for action hnd not yet arrived
There wna present nn Indian apectn-
tor, wnlching with more th.111 ordinn
ry interest every movement of the set
Hera, nnd he being no Icaa closely oh
served by them. Shortly after mid
night another Indian eaino and after
nn interview the twodepnrted, making
an excuse thnt one of the pappoosea
wna aiek. It wna afterward ascer
tained thnt the spectator was a spy.
nud seeing thai the pettier were fully
armed nnd on Hie alert, the work of
death which wna intended to no com
menced at mid-night, by the Indians
a-aemblcd near, wa postponed till
morning. The dance passed oil with
out alarm, nnd toward dnvlight those
present dispersed for their homes.
Among othera, Mr. ltiley, who hnd
been nt tho party, nnd having taken
hia young wife and child to their home
heatnrted nboutdnylight up the river
lo servo a subpoena on n witness for n
suit then pending before Ksi. Hoth
Ilhike, Justice of the Pence. As they
nenreil tho place known na the Too
lootnn Itnnch, a short distance up
tho river, the report of tire anno and
the yells of tho exulting anvnges, aa
they piogreased in the work of death,
hurat upon hia cars. Tho Indians had
attacked tho volunteer atntioned
there, nud their superior number na
aiircd then) nn easy conquest, llehns-
.tily turned the bow of hi boat down
stream and pulled rapidly homeward,
expecting, when he turned tho bend
in tho river, tube grealed hy the eight
of (ho burning houses uf (ho settlers
below. Ho wna Illled with forebod
ing a to the aafcty of liia wife nnd
child. Hut the stroke hnd not yet fal
len: there wa yet room for hope.
The alarm was quietly given, hut rap
idly ciiciilntcd, and in a short time nil
who u few hour before were whiiling
in the "di..y mazes of the dunce" were
hurrying in terror to Hook nhcllcr in
tho fort, which hnd before been pre
pared on the north aide of the river.
Thoy reached Hie fort in safely, and
took measure to plnco tho atruetiiro
on a fooling of defense.
Many of tho minor hurriedly bur
ied their iimnlgum and the supply of
duiekailver, which (hey had on hand,
nndnbiindoned ovorythiufjof Ions vnl
uo. Soinoof these men never return
ed lo their claim, being killed during
Iheaeigolo whiidi the fort was aub
jectcd, and anpplica there buried have
oeeiudouiilly been found by miners on
the bench. It should he (torn in mind
Hint in those day it required about
eighty pound of quicksilver lo prop
erly change a machine for bench min
ing, and Hiipplie of tlii eluiracter
were expensive. It i probable Hint
gold diiHl wiih there buried hy min
er who never lived to uncovorit, nnd
like tho fabulous deposit of Captain
Kiild, it remains to this day undiscov
ered. Whou Wnrwfok and Ooburn left
tlvoir hotel to enter tho foil Ihey were
compelled lo leave a quantity of pica
and other delicacies, the remains of
the festival of the previous night.
Knowing (lint the greedy savage
would anon ho feasting upon theio
provision, Ihey removed tho crust of
the pies and seasoned them will)
ulriohuine. The Indian enmo and ea
gerly dovouied tlit"8kookum Mnek
a muce," but tho quantity of poison
taken into their Hlomncltu wauBOflrent
MARSI-IIUSL'-D,
Hint it caused immcilitta vomiting,
and thus avoided ita (((.'ildly effect.
The aeigo of the fort and tho mas
sacre of part of lt occupant will
form tho subject of itifothcr sketch.
Mit!!y -il I x 'd f
" I have a warndit for" your nrreat,"
said a Colorado olllcer to a man late
ly arrived from Utah.
"For what 1"
" Von hnvo Iwoil running away
with your aunt."
"My aunt? Why, alio' my wife!"
" Hut wasn't abcyour aunt beforo
alio hecnnio your wJfo? You see wo
don't tolerate this kind of going on
in Colorado!"
" I suppose you never woro in
Utah?" remarked the Viniiig man
after he had completed hi survey of
the detective.
" No."
" Well, na you don't iinderland tho
relations of aunt and nephew in thnt
territory, I suppose I ought to explain
it to you and Hum, pcrlmpi, you may
understand your duty plainer."
' My father married my mother."
" I suppose ao."
"Then ho married her siatcr," con
tinued the stranger, not heeding the
interruption. "Then ho mnrricd the
sister of hi brother-in-law; then the
daughter of hi uncle, who wna n
cousin to hi two first wive; then ho
mnrricd her aister, who wa n widow
of one of hi first wive' husband;
then he married her daughter, nnd a
ami of his wifo nnuried my sister,
who waa also the widow of one of the
other wives' son. I auppnso you are
following me!" interjected tho nnrra
lor.
"Marry your nunl, or your grand
mother, either, or Isitli of them!"
" And you won't nrreat me?"
"No; you might bo your own
father."
I.iiIioi-
'1'i'oii11-h lu tln Itrllt-.li
.leu.
The following dispatches relate to
the condition of the. laboring classes
in England and Ireland :
London. Jan. S. A great land agita
tion meeting was held yesterday at
Uiveralown, on tho border of Sligo,
Ireland. Ten thousand of the peas
antry vere present. At a meeting to
day of the Dublin Mansion House
Committee, for the relief of distressed
in Ireland, it was announced that the
fund now amount lo 2800. It wa
resolved lo send a telegram to the
Mayor of Melbourne, and the Mayor
of principnl towns in Ireland mid Scot
laud.nnd a number of cities and town
in America, making nn urgent appeal
for help.
DtniMN, .Inn. 7 The Irish rent ag
ination haa entered upon a new
phase and hns extended from rural
to urban loenlitie. Tho movement
is to agitato for tho remission or re
duction of rents on the part of tho
poor, and housholders and tenant in
Dublin and other Inrgo towns.
London, Jan. 8 A large meeting of
unemployed workiiigmeu of London
we held nt Islington to-day. A reso
lution was carried, urging thonuthor
itiea to provide them with temporary
employment.
How Will Von lYvt?
Kcv. Pluto Johnson, (colored) put
the following to his congregation :
How'll you feel, white man, when yo'
fin' yo'self 'inongst a big crowd of
onary folk way up in do family cir
;le, while some poor darkey, who did
your cho'e like nn honest man, i
'ducted hy do hebbenly ushers to nn
orchestra seat, right down cliw to do
music? An' how'll you feel, bruddor,
when doso angels say to you, "Tain't
uo matter what color you ho, your
naino'a hen culled J an wo'm d'rected
lo how you a sent on do platform?"
Yerolobhiek face 'II shine liko the
moon, an' you'll feel liko alrikin out
will a dubblo ahulllo right on do gol
den pavement. 'Member nil oh you,
dat it ain't do pocket hook, nor ifu col
or, hut do shape- oh do soul, wot gibs
you a right to a front seat up van
dor." Tin; statue of Hen, Thomas, recent
ly unveiled nt Washington stand 15
feel high from the base to head of ri
der, nud 15 feel in length fromuoso to
tail of hoise. Tho weight of the horse
and rider ia5,:i(K) pounds, and of the
Imsoi.V.'tX) Kiiind. Tho cost of the
alnluo was $10,000, which will ho paid
hy the Army of tho Cumberland, and
the granite pedeslid upon which it
will real was furnished by tho United
Stales Government nt a ciwt of
.fi'O.tHK).
A former U, S. Sonntur, now a va
grant and drunkard, work in the
chain gang on the streets of I.end-ville,
'JJ jnL JJ
OR., SATUEDAY, Jo,n. 24, 18SO.
Kltnl IIoiimIoii' Iiiel.
.Simpson county, though' peaceful
enough in these latter days, wna in it
earlier history the scene ( f roiicount.
cr Unit linvo pnsaed into history.
Within its borders, or adjacent there
to, tho hot-blooded Tunifcsaccnnn
were wont to settle their affair of
honor, ami tho crack of flic duellist's
pistol not (infrequently resounded in
it qdiet forest. Near Adairvillo, in
the edge of Iogan county, (Inn. Jack
son fought JJiokorsoii for tho honor of
tho woman ho loved, and stood like a
strttifo after beiiigstriiek hy hisantng
oniat's shot. It Was on this occnaion
that ho proved hi iron will by telling
hi second that "hnd he been shot
through tho heart ho would hnvo
lived long enough to kill hi titling
ouial."
Six mile south of Franklin, on" the
farm of II. J. Duncan, two hundred
yards from tho Tennessee line, wa
fought a duel which created wide
spread excitement throughout the
Union, owing to the reputation of the
principal. In 1820 Gen. Sam Hous
ton was a member of Congress from
tho Nashville district, in Tennessee,
nnd sending home for distribution
among hi constituents a number of
public documents, ho clnimMl that
Curry, the pistmastor at Nashville,
had suppressed and failed to deliver
them.nnd denounced him ns a scound
rel Curry sent him a challenge by
Ooneml White. Houston refused to
receive the niesage, a he stated, ''from
uch a contemptible touree," throw
ing ilon the ground and stamping on
it. General White said ho was not
surprised, as no one expected Hous
ton to fight. To thi Houston retort
ed, "Do yon try me." Of course a
challenge followed from While, wlfieh
Houston promptlv accented. The
term and conditions were : "Fifteen
feet distance: holster pislols; time,
sunrise." Tho place chosen ns stated,
was in Simpson county. On tho 2rtd
day of September, 1S2i, tho parties
met at the designated point with their
seconds. The fact thnt a duel wns to
be fought hnd gono abroad, nud a
number of persons had secreted thcin
selves near the field to witness the
affair, a fact unknown to either prin
cipals or seconds. After the first shots
had been exchanged and White hnd
fnllon to tho ground tho people rush
ed to the spot. Houston seeing llioin
and fearing an arrest, started toward
tho Stale lino with a view of crossing
and escaping. General White called
to him, "General, you hnvo killed
me." Houston then faced tho crowd
with pistol still in hand, and inquiring
if there were any officers of the law
among thcin, nnd being nnswercd in
the negative, he ndvnnoed to the side
of his Into antagonist and kneeling by
him took his hand, saying"! am very
sorry for you; but you know it was
forced upon me." Gen. White replied,
"I know it, and forgive you," White
hnd been shot through just above the
hips, anil the surgeons to cleanse tho
wound of blood took ono of those old
fashioned silk neckerchiefs nnd passed
it through tho wound. Gen. White
recovered from his fearful wound, ns
much to tho joy of Houston ns to
himself.
During the week proceeding the
duel General Hous'o i remained at the
house of San ford Duncan, near the
field, practicing meanwhile with pis
tols. At his temporary homo were
two belligerent young dogs, named
for their pugnacious disposition, An
drew Jackson and Thomas II, Hen
ton. These were continually fighting,
Houston's political sentiments lead
ing him to espouse the cause of tho
Jackson pup, who, very much to his
delight, was a constant winner in the
frays. Tho hour for arising ami pre
paring for the duel on the arrival of
tho daywas .'1:10 A. i. Just before
tho hour. '"Gen Jackson" barked be
neath the window of his admirer'
room, awakening him. Houston aroso
without disturbing his attending
friends, and began tho task of mould
ing bullet with which to light (Ion.
White. As tho first bullet fell from
tho mould, iv game cook which ho ad
mired scarcely less than ho did tho
dog, crowc d a loud, clear note. Uo is
Ion, witli thai element of superstition
which finds a place iu nearly every
mind, accepted Iho early greeting of
his friends ns happy omens, nnd mnik
ing the bullet on ono side for tho dog,
nnd the other for tho chicken, made
up hi mind that his pistol should bo
loaded with it, ami Hint ho would first
tiro that particular hall at General
White. IW afterward said that he
wa not upertilious, but theso Iwo
oircuuiktancos madohim feel assured
of success," Ihu disapproving hi
own words. Tho bullet was mod and
White fell at the first fire, as stilted.
After Iho duel llouvton selected ns n
coat-of arms' athukciu'oilv nuddog
MAIL.
nnd ninny Were the comments made
hy .those utlfnmiliar with the facts in
nfter years, when, ns President of
Tcxn and Senator in Congress, he
sported so strange a crest. These
facts arc authentic, having been re
lated by Gen. Houston to Sanford
Duncan, Jr., late ol Louisville, while
the two were en route to Washington
City during Houston's term as Sonn
tor. liotvliny Green Tntclligcnccr.
Front CIiuimIIci-'n I.tiat Niceeli.
Hon. Zneh. Chnndlcr delivered the
speech of which the following is nn
extract, on tho evening of October 31,
and on tho following morning was
found dead. Wo commend it, not
only a the last public utterance of a
man distinguished for his ability and
public services, but nlsona just ex
position of the character nnd claims
of the Democracy of to-day:
"Hut my friends, there is nnother
question which is of vital importance
to every man, womnn, nnd child in
America everyone and that is the
question of the enormous rebel claims
presented against your government.
I hold in my hands a list of the
claims now beforo the two houses of
Congress for cotton, for the destruc
tion of properly, for quarter-master's
stoics for every conceivable injury
that war can inflict. Even my old
friend Logan has gotten up more
chums than you can shako a stick nt
for the fenco rail that his boys burn
ed up. I have chums beforo me
amounting to two thousand millions
of dollars against this government.
2,000,000,000, 1 repeat, and the only
thing to-duy the Semite nnd Hou.se
IkiUi being under control of these
Southern rebels the only protection,
the only barrier between the Trens-
ury of tho United States and those
rebel claims, is the Presidential veto.
Hut these claims nro not all. There
aro claims innumerable which they
dare not present. You may go
through the South, and in every State
in tho South, sonic.herc bidden away
you will find claims for every slave
that was liberated. On the files of
Senate and House you will find de
mands of untold millions of dollars
for the improvement of streams, that
do not exist whero you would have
to pump the water to get up a stream
at nil.
Hut perhaps you may say I am over
stating this idea of claims, and for
fear you will say so and t hink so, I
will read you n petition which is now
circulating through the South, and
which hns already been largely circu
lated through the South ; nnd receiv
ed thousands and tens of thousands
of signatures.
This petition demanded the passage
of a law by which nil citizens might
bo paid for all tho property destroyed
iu tho late war between the States "in
bonds bearing 3 per cent, per annum,
maturing in tho next 100 voars."
'This means," continued the orator,
"That you shall do for the South pre
cisely as you do for your own soldiers ;
but I have not reached the meat in
tho coconnut." "And wo also peti
tion," the document continues," that
all soldiers, or other legal representa
tives of both armies bo paid in bonds
or public lands for lost time, lost
limbs and lost lives, while engaged in
tho late- unfortunate civil contest."
That soldier bo paid for their los'
time while fighting to overthrow
your governmont. Ah! my fellow
citizens, thoy nro iu sober, serious,
downright earnest. Thoy have cap
lured both houses of Congress, and ns
I stnted a while ago, the only possible
barrier to their pretensions is tho
Presidential veto. Tliorc is not a man
beforo mo but has a personnl and di
rect interest in seeing that tho rebels
do not capture tho last of tho machin
ery of the govorninont.
Theso rebol States nro solid; they
aro solid for repudiating your debt,
they aro solid for paying those rebel
claims; thoy have repudiated their
individual debt through tho bank
ruptcy law ; thoy hnvo repudiated
theirStato debts by scaling, and then
refusing to pay interest Jin their scal
ing. Thoy hnvo repudiated their cit
ies and towns and villages ; do you
thing thoy nro more anxious to pay
tho debt contracted for their subjuga
tion than they aro to pay their own
honest debts? I toll you, no. Thoy
mean repudiation, and thoy don't
mean that your debt shall bo any
more available than their own, and
when' you trust them you will bo mak
ing a mistake, nnd 1 don't holiovo you
will ever do it again. My follow citi
zens, wo have a matter undor consid
eration to-night more important than
nil tho financial questions Hint can bo
picsontcd In you, and that is, whether
pr not wo aro a nation. Our fathers
met in convention and framed a coi
(dilution, hut they found some difil
culty in agreeing upon the details of
MO. :.
that constitution, and for a time it cd on earth since God made the enrthv
was a mutter of considerable doubt I and, in my humble judgrncnt,will nor
whether any agreement could bo or bo witnessed again. Mfstnkc? wore,
reached. Acrimonious debate took
place in that convention, and finally
a spirit of com promise pfcvniled, and
the constitution wns adopted by tho
convention and submitted to the peo
ple of these United States not to the
Stntes, but to the people of the United
States. All the people of the United
States adopted the constitution thnt
was framed by the fathers, and for
many long years the whole people of
the United States believed that they
had a government. Wo continued in
that belief until under President Jack
son Sou tli Carolina threatened to
raise tho standard of revolt. That
was in tho days of Calhoun. Old
General Jackson took his pipe out of
his mouth, when told that South Car
olina was on the warpath, and said :
'If South Carolina commits tho first
act of treason to this government, hy
the Eternal, I will hnng John C. Cal
houn." Every man in America, in
cluding Gnihoun, knew that ho would
do it, and the first overt act of treason
wns not committed against the gov
ernment. On the -1th day of March,
18.17, treason again raised its head on
the floor of Congress, and John Went
worth turning toward him was there
to hear it. They said then, "Do this
or wc will destroy your gorcrnment."
One of them was talking to brave old
Hen Wade in this strain, when he
straightened himself up and said,
'Don't delay it on my account."
Preparations were made to carry out
this treason. Jefferson Davis stepped
out of the Cabinet of Franklin Pierce
as Secretary of War, into tho Senate
of the United States, and became
Chairman of tho Committee on Mili-
ry Affairs. Your arms were shipped
to Southern States where they bad lo
be used to
to ovEiminort' voun govi.t.nmkxt.
Your ammunition followed your
arms and after that, thouth an innc
ccnt looking clause in a general ap
propriation bill, which read thus,
"That the Sccietary of the Treasury
may sell such arms as he deems it for
the interest of the Government to dis
pose of," your arsenals all over the
United States were opened, your
arms sold for a song and shipped in
the very boxes they lay in to the South
to be used in overthrowing your giv
ernincnt. Your navy was scattered
wherever tho wind blows and suf
ficient water was found to float your
ships, where they could not be
used to defend your government.
Careful preparation was made for the
overthrow of your government, and
when Abraham Lincoln took the oath
of office as President of the United
States you had no army, no navy, no
money, no credit, no ammunition,
nothing to protect tho 'national life,
and yet, with all these discourage
ments staring us in the face, the Re
publican party undertook to save
your country. We raised your credit,
wo created navies, raised armies,
fought battles, and carried on the war
to a successful issue, and finally,
when tho rebels surrendered at Appo
mattox they surrendered to tho Gov
ernment. They admitted their her
esy to the arbitrament of arms, and
had been defeated, and they surren
dered to the Government of the Uni
ted States of America. They made
no claims against this Government
for they had none. Iu tho very
ordinnnco of secession which they
had signed, thoy pledged their lives,
t heir fortunes, their saci el honor
TOTIIlfOVEKTIIKOW OK THIS OOVB15S-
MKNT.
And when they failed to overthrow
this Government thoy lost all that
thoy had pledged. Thoy asked as a
boon from tho United States that their
misornblo lives might bo spared to
thcin. We have given their lives, told
them to take their horses and go homo
nnd obey tho laws, and raise crop.
They had forfo'tod all their property ;
every dollar was pledged hy thejr sign
nianuol. Wo gavo them back their
properly. Wo found them without
tho rights of citizenship; Ihey forfeit
ed their rights', and wo restored tho
rights of citizenship. Wo took thorn
toour bosoms as brethren, believing
that thoy ltnd repented of their sins:
Wo killed for them tho fatted calf and
invited them lo the feast, and thoy
gravely informed us that thoy had
always disliked that animal, and wore
not thankful for tho invitation. Hy
tho law of war, by tho lawsof nations,
thoy woro bound to pay ovory dollar of
tlwdebt contracted fov their subjuga
tion. Hut wo
KOltOAVU TIIKM THAT IUUJT,
And to-day you nro being taxed hom
ily to pay the interest on the debt Hint
thoy (lion ought to have poid. Such
magnanimity as exhibited by thi na
tion to theso rebels wa- never wit new
The Coas! Mail.
DEVOTKDTO. .
Ai,ii Xjx-van xamxT'saa.
THE INTKHKSTS OF POIJTH
KBN OKKfJON ALWAYS
FOUEMOST.
The Development of ourMines, Ifio
Improvement of our harbors, nnd rail
road communication with the Interior,
specialities.
no doubt, made, errors were commit
ted, and I take my full share for tho
mistakes nnd nil tho errors, for I was
there and voted for every proposi
tion. But in my humble judgment
my fellow citizens, tho gieatest mil
take, the greatest error that we com
mitted was in not hanging enough of
these rebels to make treason forever
odious. Wo expended $2,000,000,000
and ."00,000 precious lives to establish
the fact thnt we were a nation. And
this in violation of the law, for tW
law expressly says that where a race or
a class arc disfranchised they.
SHALL NOT HE REPRESENTED
Upon the floor of the House of Rep
resentatives. This is not only a viyl.i
tion of law, but an outrage upon nit
the loyal men of these United States,
It ought not lobe: it must not be, and
it shall not be.
Twelve members of tho Senate
and that is more than their whole ma
jority occupy their seals upon that
floor by fraud and voilence ; and I nni
saying no more to you people of Chi
cago than I have said to those rebel
generals thereon the floor of Congress.
With majorities thfis obtained by
fraud ami violence in both houses
both the Senate and the House they
dare todictnti terms to the loyal men
of these United States. With major
ities thus obtained, they dnre to nr
raign the loyal men of the nation.
And now, my fellow-citizens, sonic
body has committed a crime ; either
those men who rose in rebellion
against the government committed
the greatest crime known to human
law, or our brave soldiers who fought
to save this government were murder
er. One of these two propositwns
you must accept. Is there man on
the face of the earth who dares to gel
i.p and say that our brave soldiers who
have bared their bosoms to the bul
lets of the rebels were not good pa
triots, deserving well of the country?
And now, after twenty years after an
absence from thcScnateof fouryearr,
after twenty years I go back ami take
my old sent in the Senate, what do I
find? I might close my eyes and leave
my cars open to the discussions that
are going on daily when that Senate
is in session, and believe that I had ta
ken a Rip Yan Winkle sleep of twen
ty years. The same protensiom arc
rung hi my ears from day to day.
THE MEN HAVE CHANGED,
The measures not nt nil. Twenty
years ago they said, "Do this, or we
will shoot your Government to death."
Now, after twcjity years, I go back and
find these paroled rebels who havo
never been released from their pa
roles of honor to obey the law, saying
"Do this, obey our wills, or we will
starve your Government to death."
Now, if I am to die I would rather bo
shot to death with musketry than to
bo starved to death. They are mor
tally afraid of bayonets at tho polls.
Wo offered them a law forbidding any
man to go within two miles of the
polling places with arms of nny des
cription, and they promptly voted it
down, for they wanted their Kuklux
there. They were afraid, not of Ku
klux at tho polls, but tho soldiers at
tho polls. Now, in all the Southern
States there is less than ono soldier to
il county, and of course about two
thirds of a musket.
Indianapolis, Jan. C. John M. Carr,
a prominent citizen of Rushville, Indi
ana, committed suicide tins morning.
lie waded into a millraco of a-depth
of three fool, and then shot himself
with a revolver in the right temple.
When a man is young, ho spondo
much time in parting his hair in thir
middle. When hoisold and bald, ho1
wastes much moiotimo iu trying to
make the ends of his sparse locks meet
on the polished crown abovo.
PnusoNS who wearied flannel un
derclothing should pull down ther
blind beforo retiring. A red glare iiv
tho window has often called out tho
entire Fire Department.
"Is ho ri-h?" asked tho tourist,
"Yes," replied tho sexton, "1 guoss ho
is pretty wealthy, at least ho never
puts more than ton cents into tho
plate Su:rJay morning."
Alexander S iephens has boon se
lected to make tho address of welcome
when that obelisk of our is lauded
becnuso ho is the only man who was
ulivo when tho obelisk waa born.
An exchange says; Olio million
salmon eggs woro frozon at Clacka
mas lintohory during tho Into cold
snap. Evory effort wns nindo to save
thcin, hut without avail.
Tins experience of using onmola iu
tho arid wasts of Arizona anil Lower
California has mot with biU Utile
success.