The Coast mail. (Marshfield, Or.) 187?-1902, January 17, 1880, Image 1

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The Coast Mail.
Tho Coast Mail.
Marnhltcld, Coos Co., Or.
Terms, lu Aduiiirc,
One year
.Six months
Thiou Months
-f 12 M
1 fit)
1 00
'Dirt .lot iul .ImIk
Til! proclivity to joking In couit
i)f law is ii honiii--e paid (it ifdeop hu
mnii instinct. People Kkoimico best
when it unhomls u tittle, nitd injustice
itself may lie, widened by myromouH
judges, who concillato tint Wcr with
sin inoslstlblo jest. Even tl'.Hllllg
grave people like llio Turks llils lovo
of humor often uvoipoxvoia complaint.
There is A story tit the East of a Pasha
who had received n present of twii frit
geese, flieso succulent birds wciv
vnry fcArco nt the time, and tho grant
utnnfft)lcd a foist of his iiitliintrn
whriMoiirt. pxjm:, Mulled pistachios
was to form the central dish. 11 iU u
-ival, who gicntly wanted
gooso for dinner, hail olfcicd the conk
sO0intCTrt for bird, whereupon tlio
too vcnul officer rrpaiied to the Cndt
n fcifl If I give your woiship n
gooso, Will you see me safe, supposing
fltiyWly complains uliout the other
one? The inagistrAtc. winked anil
took the birdthe other also disp
pen red, niid nt tin) banquet, when
tho ongotly fXpottcA Aish should have
been prodnccA, theie was an awful
disappointment, '(ho co,k being
summoned, pratestril with ninny pin
testations thftt llic gee-e hiul "flnu n
away" "ltcrovcr thf m." the inliiri--ilitl
Pnsh:i cried, or 1 will ltMo thee
bofora our Cii'li for (ho bnstiinmr-."
'l'he guilty cook i iirlied madly along
1lio highway, wondering u Initio do,
'when lie wan ticked hy a donkcy-diiv-r,
"in tho name of Allah," tojielp
Jiim lift liin ticnit, wliieli had fallen.
Ho forthwith pulled at the donkey'
talo .villi Mich thoughtleis fury that it
icaine oil' in hi hand, and the conk
then rushed mora frantically tli in
ever, pureiicd hy tho ciios mid cureH
of the driver. A little further on he
ran in his hlumlcriug liut against a
Christian, and knocked the man'
pipe hlick into h'n eye, destroying it
Yeta little further, mill wildly hur.
rvmg.he came loiiud the comer f nil
till upon u very fat and ugly matron,
who, tieiug in an interesting coudibiu
was m upset thai she th mi and there
fullered nice tiriagc. Ili-ing rliH-rd
hy tho liushauil and .soiuu ,iptii'n,
the miserilde man tan up Xhe teps
of m.iiiaiet, and when the mucriu
would Jiji'h trued him, leaped down
tothoi-Arth in k'u Jrcjter.ition fium
thu first pialforiu, filling a Cieek rJi.i
chanced to Ik ittiug with his hrtii-erhi-lovr.
.Such a situation as
pii'ceiited in the above muratire, it
must lie confessed, ui eiuharriitiig,
veil to the humor and roituii-? of
n Turkis'i Judge. To the original
mii of the gooMi were now jdded four
Hoparats; uiimJeuieiuiirs, and the ipiv
tacle ircentcd shortly jferward he
fore (lie Cadi was one terrific huh
huh, though Hie prixoncr exhibited a
Mlmtigo conllih'tice, which prowjd not
iiiifouudcd I'irsl came th-j I'ilu,
who told how tho ninful cook nie-
tendetl tho geese, plucked ud drawn
could lly away. "Doxt (hou then
' doubt, brother," naid the Judge, the
power of Allah to call thu dead to life?
Let us not limit the Divine might hy
our foolish diolieliof it may have
been sol flo in peace." Next the
donkoyman held up tho reft tail of his
bciot, and eiied for justice, hut the
Cadi naid, "(Jive him the donkey, my
mm, to feed and ue until the tail has
grown again, then ho shall restore it
to thee." Tho Christian followed,
pointing to the missing oih,iiud clam
ored for punishment. "It is written,
naid tho Judge, that one eye of a be
liever equals two of nn inlldol. Do
you, therefore, sutler mo to put out
thine other eye, and then it will he
but right that I should order restitu
tion by removing one from this ahum.
inablo cook."
The Chrintnin departed, mid was
succeeded hy tho injuicd husband,
who told liis woes, "lly tho piophet's
beui il," quoth tho Cadi, "I t-eo no way
in this, save that thou chouhlsi ill
Mirce the lady, and miiiry her to the
cook. Aftorw.ud if it ho heaven's!
will that ho como again unto (ho
xtato let him bend her hack to thee,
and all will he well." This suitor also
declined to proceed to execution, and
thoio was only left tho (ireok, who
voci feral ed for retaliation on theslay
erof his brother. ' in-uallitli' said
the Judge; "truly, hurry is of tho
devil," a, tho wise say ; thocook hhall
xnfler for it: this is hut just. Cot
thou therefore, to the top of tho min
met and jump down on this nUciider,
whom I shall place below, mid it Hhall
be that if thuusbiyest llii uono shall
complain. IleieuiiMii the (Jreek also
Hit IhiM'cuut, like tho (dhi'is, ninid
lUTliiMuitioii fioni Ihehvstandi'is, who
Were loud in nruiso (if llu Omli's wnnd-
trfuldceiees;hitt tho functionary was
I'lcscntly heaid to wliivpur to llio
(not;, us he left the eouit, "Never you
M ' 'I nie un inorcgecHe mine friend."
Vol. 2.
wiiittk.v row tiii: coast mail.
Ol' (hM'K'iiiN Non Ihrrii 'iiin(,
OjienliiU nf llir Iluiiit lllvrr XViir mi tl.t
(.inial .lllilili r tif Urn Wrluhl, lilt.
The winter of 1HB0-W1 was n lime to
be, lomcmhciod hy tho soltlois of
Southern Orogon. Thuy hail long
Iiwii accustomed to thi oriliua hard
ships nffioiiticr life ; they had learned
to dispense with all thi luxuries, and
with some of the cnmfmts of civilian
trmt, and In wtcsl finin tho situation
Hindi pleasures an ato hoi u of activity
Mid liopo. Hut th l.i season hinttght
in tkeir (loom tho loriins of savage
am hue, ami inoigodnll minor ci.nsid
crulioiisin the iniiniiient iciil which
hUlHMimll'll lllClll.
The linliaiiM of the upper Uoj?tie
Uiv it Valley had hueii on tho waipath
foi few n tune, hut tlio"0 of tho lower
HverArtd tho coast' jirofensed friend-
sliiji for the whiten, and aikcd to ho
prolreled fioni tho htwtilui ol the
intcnirtr, Though hoping hy n conuil-i
iutorr cAiii'i'e towaid the huviikuii to
avow the calamity which had isitcd
tliMi-niicml up the nver, tlio settleis
iHforlisl to Hiiuli piecatttiouary mens
iirrj i. wrii miry prudence would HUg
pet They luiill a kind of fort at the
iiiMflh nf Hoiie rixer on the notth
nido, r. nn elevated point in the
open piiiiii'r, just hack of where Mr,
.McPnriuifk now liven; and ntno or
Kanixcii n einjiany of xoluntietx, o'
which John I'oliiml wanCaplain. ami
Kalph BIcJmh) and ). II. Miuwrvey
were l.ii-uienatrU Hut for thoprotee
tnui atroided hy this fort, tho iiimmm
ere which w.ts inaugurated on the
itd of Pehmary, 18"h5, would proha
hly hftve ealed the fate of o'ery reni
ilewt of what now constitutes Otniy
Bun Wright wa tho iiiuiio of the
s'Ut in charge of tho Indians in this
icgiou. lie wain man whose natural
fkrewdness aud'oonsumiu ito kuowl
edge of Indian ehaiactei well cjtiuli
&c liiiu for tho duties of tout posi-
lion. Ho kept an Intelligent squaw ( ty w,kh they were celebrated. Tho
who passed as his olliojal interpreter, j hiLs-ralicfs represent the arms, thoac
aiiiI for whom lie drew a salary of $00 , entitlements, tho engines of war, tho
pur annum. Jleluul Iwt tho lililian
tnlu'lievn that lie was endowed witli
npernatural powers of self pioteelio'ii
and that he could not he killed by be
ing shot. Hut his squaw, although
profesriug great aU'eclion for her
white spouse, secretly told tin Indium
that they could kill Wiight with a
hatchet or knife; and with the trench-r-rv
which is the leading chaiacteiis
tie of the nice, he helped to betray
him to hisdealn.and afterwanls boast
ed that she ale n piece of his heat t.
On the morning of February li-'t.
ho was near the Tootootan ltaneh on
Itogue ri r. when he was told by an
Indian messeiigei that a sea otter had
come ashoie a short distance away,
and that tho Indians ami white men
weie lighting over it ; ho went to the
place indicated, and was surrounded
.itid cut to pieces by tho Indians,
A man named .eaiuaii, who had
inspiicd the Indians witli awo by his
Mipciior luaiksmniiship, was eu iced
into ambush by similar means, and
killed, and another named .Smith in
the iciuity, made his way to the
woods ami escaped, llo knew tho
danger of attempting to go to the
coast, nnd wandered northwiud
through the woods to Poll Oiford,
where he arrived half faiuishcd'somo
days afterwards. His only susten
ance had been tho snails which ho
had picked upon tho way, some of
which he had in his pocket on his ar
lival at Port Oiford.
The Mm is tho Inigost of all cemete
ries, and its vast utimhcrslcop without
monuments. Over their leninius the
same sloims beat, and tho same ie
qtiicm hy niinstiels of tho ocean is
sung to their honor; tliuio uuinaiked
tlieweakaudthopoweiful,the plumed
and the iiuhoiuncd are alike uiidis-
Iris Nkilled labor for whicli theio is
gieatest ihnuaml in these times, The
"Scientific American mentions that a
lecent adveitisemeiit for -." skilled
woikinou luought only one applica
tion, while two othei, out) font book
keeper and another for a clerk,
brought it 17 and 180 applications
l)iH(!otitA(ii:.Mi:.NT is of all ages.; in
youth it is a pieseutiment, in old ago
u icmcmhrnuco.
Pi.ovyilitK sweeten the air, lejoiitu tliu
eye, link in with iinlura and inno
cence, and inc. something In love.
Tun Old Smith Ohurali at Nowport,
, II., colelinitud its eoulouiil luuout.
Iy. lfluis novor boon oloked for tt hiu-
jle Suhlmtli,
Ti'iiJiih'm .'oIiiniii,
Tiiijmi'n Golnnin wan hreeted nl
itiiine in tho middle of tho forum
mimed alter tho Hame omperor: hut
the other hiiildingHof llii fornm the
palace, K'iniiaKiiiin, library, templeH,
aiehoH, poiticoes, HtatuiM, etc. liave
all lieen thrown down, leaving the
column alonontanditiK in its minimi!
ixmition. It was erected h) tho Son
ate and people of Itoino in cointuomo
raton of victories ohtained hy tho Km-
peror Trajan in his two expeditiono
apiinel tho DacianV in tlio llrnt of
which ho compelled them to mio for
peace, and in the hccoiiiI conquered
them entirely.
There doe not, prohahly.exint any
monument in tho world mora precious
or mora exquixitc in it proportion)
than Trajan' Column, nor ouo that
has rendered more capital service. It
isofpuro Carrara mnrhle. The nhaft
inaboiit ninetyneven feet, hy
twelve diameter at tho hane, and ten
hclow tho capital, which, like the
nhaft, is Doric, and composed of iiftiu
le hlock of Htono. Tho Htatuc is com
posed of thirty-throe enormous hlookn
of mat hie, of which eight eomposo the
, iln. twentv-thrco tltc shaft, ono tho
Hqnlal. and one tho pedestal nuppor-
ing the statue. Kvury atone is hol
lowed iiT the middle, so as to consist,
in fact, of a mere ring ; and a central
vciiical apcriiturc is thus formed,
which is occupied hy a spiral staircase
fiom thehnttou to the top. The col
umn was anciently surmounted hy a
ctalue of theempcror, and later hy n.
figure of the apostle St. Paul. The
head of the original figure supported a
golden hall, which is now preserved in
the capital, and which is said to have
contained tlio ashes of the emperor.
A very remarkable fcatuic in this
column is the mode in which it is dee
eorated. There is n scries of bas-re
liefs running round the column in an
ascending spiral ribbon, which makes
twenty revolutions or turns of the spi
ral before reaching tho top. On this
is repicscnted the chief incidents in
the D.iciiin ietoiies of Trajan, togeth
er with the two triumphal processions
dwellings of the baibatiana; wo dis-
ri'in tho hu-ed of to warriors and
their horses; we look upon tho ships
of the time canoes and (uiuquoremcs;
women of nil rank, pricM of all the
ologies, sieges and assaults. Such aie
the merits of this K'lilptutcd host.
that Polyhireof Caravaggio, (Julio Ko
inano, Michel Angelo and all the ar
tists of the ltcmiissancc have drawn
thence models of stylo nnd pictures-
! que statuary. The hgurcs nro not
I f..t. ..m tlin. l...l.n.... .... .....I tl......
thousand, the figure of Trajan him
self occtiriing as many as lifty times,
lu the lower part of theshaft tho tig
tires ara each about two feet in height ;
but us they ascend, and are faither io
moved fiom the eye, their dimcusous
aie enlarged and they are mora deep
ly woikcd,ti!l at the top they become
licit rlv douhlo the size of those below
The Stumlunl thinks the Democrat
of Now Jersey huvo heretofore been
too magnanimous in granting tho ad
verse party a minority representation
in tlio Supreme Court of that State.
I t says :
"Of tho nine Judges of tho Su
premo Court of New Jersey tho terms
of thrceare about to expire, and it is
expected that Governor MeClellau at
the next session of tho Legisleturo will
send in the names of tluee Republi
cans ns their successors, it being old
usage in that State to give tlio patty
in power a majority of ono only, and
five ol thoMcsout bench ara Demo
crats. Thero aro various names men
tioned in connection witli the ap
pointment, hut us the salary is only
15,000 n year, there is no great clamor
for the places among lawyers having
a paying practice. It would be just
as well for (Inventor McClolhui to
change tho custom and appoint nil
Tlio custom hero refoned to should
be observed in all of tho States, and
the United States Government as well,
The Judicial should ho nnn-paitizau
and the appointment of Judges .should
he made an exception to the doctrine
that, "to tho victors belong tlio spoils."
Tin: Junction Republican gets oft'
tho following: A man living on Long
Tom hhearcd ids sheep just hefoio tlio
recent cold snap, and lie lias been
going in liis shiit slcoves ever since
trying to make thu sheep believe it is
win in w outlier.
UKi.r.CMTK Dennett, of Dekota, is
ono of tlio directors of thu Port Meitdo
llydraullo Gold Mining Company, ic
oonlly organized witli Gen. Sturgis as
Piestdent. It is located on Rapid
oreokand tho piospoeta for u bright
future iuo good.
Oil., 8ATUBDAY, Jan. 17, 18SO.
Oiinlfl lloonc.
It is fteldum that fame, wealth, or
power, comes upon n man unsought
mid uudesircd. The hermit or miser
may unconsciously achieve a limited
ami short-lived notoriety, horn only
of the interest excited hy the eccen
liicilicsof its subject; but that action
which leaves it impress upon men and
things, which stamps the mime of its
subject uiion the face of the catth, or
wtite.1 it in lclibly upon tho page of
history, is generally tho result of nn
earnest purpose, in which all possible
advantages are considered. There
nro instances, however, where the
most humble and unselfish pursuit of
the lino of apparent duty, even ac
companied hy mi effort to avoid pub
lie appreciation, have brought to the
actor a higher meed of praise than
w.mld tho achievements of the moot
unbounded ambition. Of thischarao
ter was Daniel lloone, the famous pio
neer of Kentucky.
Daniel lloone was horn in Bucks
county, Pennsylvania, in February,
17:o, of English parentage. His earlv
life was spent in the frontier settle
ments of his native Stale, whole he
became familiar witli all forms of war
fare, with the various foieesof nature,
as well as witli wild beasts and barbar
ous liicn. He acquired a limited
knowledge of reading, wilting, and
atithiiictic, hut loved the book of na
ture hotter, and gave to her his most
devoted attention. Heforohe reached
his majority, he went with his father
to the region of tlio Yadkin river, in
North Carolina, and here it was he
married Rebecca Ilryun, who proved
a faithful wife, and shared many of the
hardships of his eventful life. After
following the life of n farmer for sever
al years, he joined, for it time, n party
of explorers in tiic wilderness fait her
west. Having a thoiough contempt
for the forms of law nnd the usages of
refined society, he decided to leave
the Yadkin country, which was then
becoming settled, ami to visit the
most unexplored region known ns
Kentucky. On the first of May, 17G9,
with n pin ty of six men, of whom he
was tho loader,, he started westward,
ami in June theyieachcd the country
drained by the Kentucky river and
its tribiitiiiies. Heie they hunted till
December, without seeing an Indian.
Tho party now separated, lloone going
in company with a man named Stew
ait, and on the "2d of December they
were surprised and captured by In
dians, who robbed thoiu of everything
they had. After seven days captivity
they made their escape, but their con
dition would have been precarious,
had they not met his hiother Squire,
ami another hunter, who hud come
from North Carolina, bringing sup
plies and ammunition, and what was
more highly prized, news front his
wife and children. After many nar
row escapes, and the death of Stewart
and the hunter who came with his
biother.nt tho hands of the Indians,
u 1771 lie returned to tho Yadkin
country, accompanied by his brother,
and witli all the peltry their horse
could carry, llo immediately set
about pieparations to remove witli his
family to Kentucky; he sold his faun,
and in September, 177.'', ho and his
brother with their families set out on
the jouiney for their new home in tho
wilderness. On their way they were
joinodby five other families and foity
men well armed. At Cninbeiland
Gap they were attacked hy the In-
Hans and compelled to retreat, leaving
Uoone's eldest son, James, and five
others slain. This unexpected repulso
caused tho party to delay further
movement till 177o, when, having
been appointed by the Pennsylvania
Company to puichitso lands in the
West, ho pushed forwaul to tho Ken
tucky river.nnd established a fort, nnd
il was named llooncsborongh. His
wife and daughters were the llrst
white women who evor. saw the Ken
tucky liver.
Though tho Indians were iinfiicnd
ly, no open hostilities occurred till in
Juno. A daughter of Col. Hoone. with
two girls named Callaway, ventured
out of the fort, nnd getting into a c.i
noo, unconsciously diiflcd too near
tho upjiosite hank. Five Indians weio
concealed watching tin m, and as they
approached the opposite shore the
eanoo was seized and taken, with tho
tenilled and shiieking girls, up tho
river out of sight of tlio foil, lloone
and Callawlty made pursuit tlio next
niorning.camo upon tho Indians by
surprise, and rescued tlj,e girls before
they had t into to minder them. In
1778 the settlements worn Mill'oring
for want of salt, and Uoouo hoitdod a
party to go to tho salt spiings to su
euro n Mipply. lie was surprised and
made prisoner by the Indians. His
knowledge of Indian character ena
bled him, by piofessions of friendship,
to icciiro their good-will; he went
through the form of being adopted by
the tribe, had his hair pulled out ex
cept the scalp-lock, his white blood
washed out and hiH face painted. lie
learned that the Indians were about
to attack IJooncsborough, and know
ing that nil would be murdered unless
they weie warned of their danger, he
iiiikIo his escape at great peril, and
miule his way ICO miles to IJooncsbor
ough in time to place the fort on a ba
sis of defence. His long absence
led his wife to suppose him to he dead,
and she, witli her children, had re
turned to North Carolina. August
8th, 177H, tho fort was besieged hy n
large party of Indians led by Cana
dian officers, hut a and suc
cessful defence was made under Col
lloone, and the assailants retired with
heavy loss. In the latter part of the
same year lie went to North Carolina
to see his family, nnd the following
year on his way to Richmond lie was
robbed of ?20,000 in paper money, in
to whicli he converted all Jiis property
with a view to buying land. In 1780
he again went west with his family,
and in October of that year, in two
engagements witli the Indians, he
lost another son and a brother.
At the cloe of the Revolutionary
War, ho settled down to the life of a
farmer; hut he despised lawyers nnd
all legal formalities, and neglected to
perfect the title to ais lands and ulti
mately lost them. lie again wctn west,
this time to Missouri, then under
Spanish Dominion, where ho was
made commander of a district and re
ceived a grant of 8,00 acres of laud.
This land he also lost because ho re
fused to go to New Oilcans and take
the necessary steps to secure the title.
In 181" he was about to lose another
tract of 850 acres which had been
granted him hy Spain, hut Congress
confirmed his title. The remainder
of his life was passed in quiet, and in
the enjoyment of his favorite pastime j
hunting, lie died September 2Cth,
1802, in his 88th year, surrounded hy
five generations, of his desend.ints.
He wa3 a man of chaste, moral, and
temperato habits, but of many eccen
tricities of character. His coflin was at his older, and was long
kept under his bed, waiting the readi
ness of its occupant. The remains of
Col. Hoone and his wife were removed
in 1S45 to the cemetery of Frankfort,
where they were deposited with ap
propriate public ceremonies.
Scnulor Staler.
A Vashington correspondent gives
the following brief biographical sketch
of Senator Slater:
James 11. Slater, of La Grande, was
born in Sangamon county, Illinois.
Deeemhej- 28, 1S20 ; received a com
mon school education ; emigrated to
California in 1S40; settled in Oiegon
inlSoO; studied law and was admit
ted to tlio bar in 1054 ; served ns clerk
of the district court of tho Territory
of Oiegon for Denton county from
1ST;' to lS5fi ; was elected a member
of the Legislative Assembly of tho
Stato of Oregon ; was elected district
attorney in the fifth judicial district
in ISCO.'was elected Presidential elect
or on the Seymour ticket in 1S0S;
was elected a Representative front
Oregon in the Forty-second Congress ;
was elected to the United States Sen
ate as a Democrat to succeedJohn II.
Mitchell, Republican, and took his
sett March 18, 1S79. His term of ser
vice will expire March '1, 1885.
"' lUIII iim-KiUe.
Thero has been nionny a hero horn,
lived and died unknown, just for the
want ov an opportunity.
Tlioio aiii't nothing tosho the vii tews
and vices of a man in so vivid a light
as profuse piosperity.
Mi dear hoy, alt wuss keep some
thing in reserve. Tho man who kan
jump six inches further than ho haz
over juincd ts n hard customer to heat.
Most wiuiiiiiu would like to have
their husbands lions hut well bro
ken to their halter,
Thcic ain't nothing on art h that
will take tho starch so clean out ov us
as to git kitught hi thophellow wo are
tricing to ketch.
It is a good deal ov a loro to have
otherslovus niorothan we lov thorn.
A woman in tho hospital in Flor
enco has astiango story. She enter
ed tho Italian army in order to save
her brother, it married man, from mil
itary service. She served with dis
tinction during tho war with Austria
and received a initial for bravery in
tho field. When these fin ts woro
known to King Humbert ho ptcsonled
her with the moss of his older, and
gave directions for her disohargo on
an annual pension ot U00 francs.
IS o. 8.
C'liriMtlit-t Slot-nix nn1 tlie Inl
Ilo SoIiooIm. .
By request wo print the following
extracts from n paper read hy Rev.
James M. King, before the Evangeli
cal Alliance, in St Louis, Oct. 2'Jth
1870 :
"M'r. (trea Chrinlian nation. Every
government necessarily has some
form of religion recognized in its
State institution, and is molded by
its power. Historically we are a Chris
tian nation. Tiiediviuc authority of
tho Bible is certainly taken for grant
ed in the very make-up of our Gov
ernment. Every officer, from the
President down to the lowest official,
is inducted into office under the so
lemnity of an oath on that volume.
The Christian religion and the morali
ty that it tenches, in one w ay or anoth
er, permeate all our institutions. Ev
ery thing in our political system in
dicates its recognition of the princi
ple, that tho Bible is the common
standard of right and wrong in mor
als. In all the evidences of the prev
alencc of religion in a nation wc pre
sent an array most formidable. Look
upon our Christian churches and Sab
bath schools; upon our colleges and
seminaries of Christian learning; up
on the distribution and study of the
Bible; upon the sacredness of the
Sabbath; upon the unstinted henifi
cencc and multiform charities, almost
all the overflow of Christian love.
Government requires the Christian
oath as the standard, both for enter
ing upon the duties of citizenship and
of office-holding. American jurispru
dence, as well as English common
law, rejects the testimony of atheists,
because an oath has no meaning, no
sanction in the mouth of one who
does not believe in a just God and a
future retribution. Government ap
points days of thanksgiving, fasting,
and prayer. The Congress of the na
tion and the armv and navy have
their chaplains, with the salaries paid
from the national treasury. States
exempt Church property from taxa
tion, and employ the ministers of re
ligion in all their penal, reformatory,
and ueiiificcnt institutions. The
State punishes offenses against God
and religion, such as Sabbath-breaking,
blasphemy, perjury, sacrilege, re
ligious impostors, and violation of
burial places.
Christianity constitutes the most
important part of the common law of
the laud. It is the strength of the
law, because it is intrenched in the
sentiments and affections of the peo
ple. No less learned a jurist than
President Dwight, of the Columbia
Collogo Law School has recently writ
ten: "It is well settled by decisions
in tho courts of the leading States of
the Union that Christianity is a part
of the common law of the State Its
recognition is shown in the adminis
tration of oaths in tlio courts of jus
tice, in the rules whicli punish those
who wilfully blaspheme, in the obser
vance of Sunday, in the prohibition
of profanity, in tho legal establish
ment of permanent charitable trusts,
and in the legal principles which con
trol a parent in tho education and
training of his children. One of the
American courts states the law in this
manner : "Christianity is and always
has been a pail of the common law of
this State Christianity without the
spiritual artillery of Eureopean coun
tries not Christianity founded on
any particular religious tenets not
Christianity with an established
Church and titles and spiritual courts,
hut Christianity with liberty of con
science to all men."
"The American States adopted these
principles from the common law of
England, rejecting such portions of
the English law on this subject as
weio not suited to their customs and
institutions. Our national develop
ment has in it the best and purest ele
ments of historic Christianity as re
lated to tho Government of States.
Should wo tear Christianity out of
our law, we would rob our law of its
faiiest jewels, wo would deprive it of
its i idlest treasures, wo would arrest
its giowtli, and bereave it of its ca
pacity to adapt itself to tho progress
in culture, telineinont and morality of
thoso for whoso benefit it properly
What constitutes real education,
and what aro tlio perils of education
when purely secular? Education con
sists in tlio symmetrical development
of tho whole man for the purpose of
his creation. This purposo is admit
ted to Ik) moral, Tho Stato is prepar
ing citizens to lo coiupetont to their
responsibilities, and these ara all mor
al. Secularised education is it misno
mer. It is not education at all. Nev
er before has tho attempt been made;
tho verdict of inankied in every ago
under every civilization, is against it.
Ai.r, XiX-v-m xmnxjiam.
The Development of our Mines, tho
Improvement of our harbors, nnd rail
road communication witli the Interior,
Daniel Web ter, in his argument
against the Girnrd will, said : "In
what age, by what sect, where, when,
by whom, has religious truth been ex
eluded front the education of youth?
Nowhere, never. Ever' where, and nt
all times, it has been regarded as es
sential. It is of the essence, the vi
tality of useful instruction." Gov.
Rice, of Massachusetts, recently said :
"I lift up a warning voice, with re
spect to the inadequacy and perils of
our modern system of one-sided edu
cation, which supposes it can develop
manhood and good citizenship out of
mere brain culture."
In case secular education is to 1ms
made non-Christian, in order to Ik
consistent, thero must be non-Christian
editions of text-books prepared
by the State. And these must cover
the fields of history, natural science,
mental and moral philosophy, and
general literature. Christian truths
and facts arc so ingrained in the
sources of knowledge of Engish-speak-ing
peoples, that the secular tcaeher
who seeks to avoid the assertion or de
nial of them will find his teaching re
duced to very naked rudiments. To
avoid, in instruction, the facts con
cerning the work and worth of Chris
tianity in our history is to impart anti-Christian
instmction, not only, but
to misrepresent, and this is to des
troy the basis of all morals ; and mor
al instruction cannot be separated at
any point or for any period of timo
from the intellectual, without injury.
But the government and discipline of
the school must be purely secular,
nnd thus deny the one only ground of
moral obligation, the will of God as
expressed in his word and ratified by
his dealings with men. And this
schooling in discipline is designed to
fit the youth for the responsibilities
of self-governing citizenship, and thus
nothing less than pagan morality
conies to be the highest sanction for
the reciprocal duties of the people,
and the basis of American institu
tions. A wise man has said: '"To
educate the mind of a bad man with
out correcting his morals, is to put a
sword into the hands of a maniac."
And the philosopher, John Locke,
wrote: "If virtue and a well-tempered
soul be not got and settled so as to
keep out ill and vicious habits, lan
gurges and science and all the other
accomplishments of education will bu
to no purpose but to make the worso
or more dangerous man."
It is difficult to definitely deter
mine whether merely mental cul
ture is in itself elevating, because
heretofore this culture has been un
der the influence of Christianity, and
Christianity has been the principul
promoter of education. Purely secu
lar instruction shuts out the best
teachers, because front the intellect
ual and moral necessities of the case
the best teachers arc truly Christians,
and genuine Christians from the very
law of their life could not refrain
from inculcating Christian morality.
An Oregon Cukc at Watilitn-
The following is ono of tho cases de
cided in the Supremo Court of the
United States, on the 5th iust. Lydia
C. Hill, wibow.ctcfiaplaintifTs; ap
peal from tho District Court of tho
United States for tho district of Ore
gon. The question presented by this
case is whether tho heirs of a settler
under the Oregon Donation Act who
died before the four years' rcsideneo
and cultivation required to perfect his
title, took by doscent from the settler
as donee and of tho United States.
The court holds that the heirs took as
donee and of tho United States; that
when the settler .died before complet
ing his titlo ho had nothing in tho
laud which he could transmit to his
descennants. Tho decree is affirmed,
with costs. The Chief Justice deliv
cd tho opinion.
A i.atk Washington dispatch says:
Lucy W. 11. Horton, who shot John II.
Morgan, son of Senator Morgan, was
arraigned in tho polico court. Mor
gan not being able to appear on ac
count of his injuries, the ease was con
tinued, and Miss llorgau released in
ponds of $1,000 for her appearance
Mrs. ltelvu A. Lockwood becamo
An Indian cnino homo to his
dusky spouse in n besotted condi
tion, and bent her severely, after
which tho noble red man took out
their only little boy nnd hung him
to a tree till ho win a corpse. Strick
en witli griof nt the loss of her child
tho poor old squaw went down to
tho river bank nnd drowned herself.
This occurred in Eastern Oregon.
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