MbSf. The Coast Mail. I'l'ni.tMiKi) KVEIIY BATUIIDAY MORNING, IIY WEBSTER, HACKER & LOCKHART, MnrnlitlrM, Coos Co., Or. Term, lu Adrnnrc. Ono year f2 ft) Hlx mouth - i r0 Threo months - . 1 (XI OIFICIAL PAPP.It OF COOS CO. Tim 'mnioMtoH f I.cnilvlltc. Loadvillo, Colorado, Is a mining (own that has grown in two years to tlio proportions of u city. It exhibit the usual characteristics of hih1 com munities nothing more. Rev. Dr. Lorlmcr,of Chicago, visited the place, mid says of U; Lctnlvlllo in iv child witli tho wrin kles of ago nn1 iloprnvlty on it Inow. It In nt onro hi'iuity niul depravity, Iii'iiltli and disease. It in tlio mini to till of tlio vices of our civilization, niul epitome of evils, un unabridged edition of corruptions. Thu heat of u furnace glow thuro; u darkened sky prevails there, through wliou lowering clouds tho stiirof redemption faintly gleams, when men make gold the point of departure, they are apt fo niuko .Satan thu point of aril val. Thin seems to ho verified in thu average hinnanity that visits saloons, gambling houses, and variety shows of this strange community. It is a singular coiiihination of thu rowdy, tlio Anih, tlio wharf-rat, the hummer, the cut-throat reckless, shameless, mnl sometimes desperate. If they lmvc no reveienec and hut little self respect, they huvo no fear; fear ncl" titer fortho visible or invisible. In the piesenco of tlio Jchovii'i thov would chew their tohacco as they do In the COAST THH MAIL Vol. 3. MAB8HFIELD, OK., SATUBDAY, Jan. lO, 1880. JSo. 2. WIIITTKN KOII TllrJ COAST MAH,. IIINTOIIH'AB, HUV.'VVnV.H Of OrfKonS Noiithcrn oiii. Nl'MIIKK TWO. Th Hrronrt TrnifMly of Bn'dln Hoek Th fill of Inillnn Knot. For sonio linio prior to tlio Indian outhreak in 1855, which opened what is known ns tho Indian warof 1855-tl, one of the most determined conflicts between the whites mid savages which has occurred on the coast, there lived on Rogno river near its mouth an In dian named "Knos." Ho was a na tive of Canada, was educated in French and English, niul was n Catho lic in religion, always parrying a prayer hook of that Church printed in French. His superior iutcllicciicc placed him on terms of intimacy and confidence witli tho whites ; and when mo Jittiiuns oi me interior look up arms in 1855, a volunteer company was formed at tho mouth of Rogue river for the protection of tho settle ments, of which company Knos ho enmoamemher. Early in tho winter of 18550, no ono suspecting Knos of entertaining sympathy for tho hoi tiles, ho hecamo a guide for Enoch Huntly and John Clavengor on a jour ney up Rogue river to the Hig .Mead ows. 'Ilio parly left their friends in Hlipriu" Riley having incurred con sidcrahlo expense lioyond tho nmount of his legal fees in bringing tho pris oner from tho place of his arrest, a lihoral subscription was niadohy tho citizens to rolniburso him; and the development of tho years that have passed since tlio event, havo only sor ved to conllrm tho judgment thus si lently pronounced niul summarily executed. That justice which is tar dy and uncertain when administered under the forms of law is sometimes swift and suru at the hands of tho source of all civil power tho people. luesenee of men, and go lolling up M expectation f returning after a ItlMilrc'1 4.VI-iir. A physician's lifo has never been suffered to ho cast among beds of ros es, but if, to ordinary fatigue and caro, oxposuro to tho bullets of dissatisfied patients, it is to ho added, its natural drawbacks will he materially greater. Wo supposo thero are few physicians in good practiqo who do not leavo a train of uuctired patients behind them, many of whom will ascribe thcr maladies to tlio physician's lack of skill. Tho county hospital must bo an especially fertile field for practice with unsatisfactory results. Man) of tlio wrecks of humanity gathered there are incurable, and others are of a temperament ami character of mind which defy Mieecsful treatment. It WJUTTK.V I'OU TUB COAflT JlAtl IlIOUKAIMIICAVi HKI2TCIIEH iiiesn.ps ui iiir.i.iise nimey lounge Hhort absence, but Huntly and Clnv-I ""'"" l,,,u """ ""cun-n uospmii pa nt the i ntranco to l'erdition. They onj.,.r W(ro tll.Ver aflerwards seen til'"1 "my roS,r'' "'isuccessful treat continually suggest inetonipysohosis liVc they were inhumanly murder- "l0l,t '1 ,1,,'Hl'j",, t'",",u for killing, " by which nil tho villainies, rascalities ,.,i . Ii.,, ,llnn, r,t Mm llllnm physician who has hud a year or two niul ruflinuiHins luio hecouio incur nate in their reprobate carcases. The drinking places, gambling hells, concert and dance houses are more iiunietoiis in I.eadville, its sice being considered, than anywheie else on this planet. CoiiM'qucntly there isi fill ttl.iimw.rt flf p.wt rtilit t .....I 11 ...II...... Ij ... it... I , . i men had been met and overpowerei ed sensuality mid an uiunux.xlcd i, ,. . . . , , . .' . ,. coarseness unsurpassed, possibly, m'iicc Sodom. So excess! to and unblushing is the iceth.tt one of the wretched crea tures, who glory in shame parades herself on die streets in open day as n kind of Lady Gndivn, and the news niper that recorded the outrage sim ply said: "Halttu attracted consid erable attention, but she won the hot (l-M)." No arrests. Two other fe males, one of them named Mine. Francis, are to eng.igo In a squaie, rough iiiid-tumhht limit, according to the rules of the prino ring, for $."00 ii fide I udced,thu degradation hem of womanhood is fearful. A rough-looking man, as his eyes rested on one of this ini-erablo race of sinners, whis peicd to his companion ; "Alice ain't long for this world; she'll go when the dowers go, in the early fall." And what father, what philanthro pist is there who would not rather in mercy see all tho fallen ones who wear the form of that womanhood ho has honored in mothers, wives and daugh ters droop before the flowers, and per ish long before tho inevitable winter of despair and misery overtook them. Old Arc Some two years ago a physcinu in tSeeretiuy KvorU' favoiito village of Windsor, Vermont, was called out to visit a patient living Homo miles nut of the village. Ho drove out, and as lie was hitching his hnrso tho door opened and a young woman with a child in her arms caiuo out. They greoted oach other, and sho said : You nro the doctor come to see grandmoth er. She's pretty sick. You'll find her in there." Ho went In and found n woman about forty, who said, "Oh, you tiro the doctor. You will find grand mother in that way." In tho room to which ho was directed he found nn aged, white-haired lady lying on the bed, with her face tho other way. She was quite deaf, and did not not ice his approach until ho sat down and began to feel her pulse. Sho turned and said: "Oh. you aro tho doctor. I'm not nick. It is grandmother you want to see. You will find hor' in that loom." Sointollio next room ho pawed, mid at last was in tho pres ence of his patient, whoso daughter, grunil-ihiughter, great-grand-daugji-ter ami grent-great-grnud-duughtor ho m.hi uiuyiiiiiuruii, no louiiii Jior so Jcduced by disease and old ago (she wail 07) that ho saw no uhuuco of hor living inoro than a week. Ho told tho family to, hut at (lirir request loft medicines nod directions; souio throe weeks after ho was driving by and saw n old hdy picking up chips, lie pulled up his horse, intending to ask when his his patient had died, when sho lookod up und said, "Oh, you are tho doctor who came to soo ma whou iwassoslck." HhoU still living, as "chipper" an old lady of )'J an you will often bio. A fresh tomato leaf is a sovereign t-'uro for n ooo stiiijf, liver. Their skeletons wero long af terwards discovered by tho side of tho remains of their canip-firo where, it is supposed, they wore murdered by Knos, when aleep. Knos returned to tho white settle ments, representing Unit the white I by the hoitilcs, who had killed his companions. Although his guilt was then suspected, there being no evi dence against him, he Was allowed to purchase mor powder and go again up the river." A few weeks later, all the Indians of that vicinity were on theuarpnlh: the bloody massacre of thedof February wnu enacted, and for n coniidcrable time all the surviv ing net tiers of that region wero forted up mid hesciged hy hostile savages. During this season of earnago and terror it wa known that Knos. was co operating with thohoMiles, and when' the war closed he was taken with oth er Indians by the military to a reser vation at Fort Vancouver. A warrant for his arrest for the crime of murder was isued by a magistrate at Fort Or ford, and .M. Hiley, Sheiifl', proceeded to Vancouver to nmko his arrest. The military authorities readily gave him up, whoreupon he was placed on Ixmrd a steamer to he transported in irons to tlio ncenoof his crimes, and to face the friends of his victims. Conscious of hit treachery and guilt, and know ing tho determined character of hi accusers, ho realised that his doom win sealed, and ga'vo up all hope. On tho passage ho heuued for a clean shirt, that ho might present a more respectable appearance in tlio drama in which lie well know ho booh was to bo a prominent actor. Tho desired garment was purchased and given him, niul it is said ho actually remov ed tbo soiled raiment, and put on tlio now article, while securely handcuff ed, by drawing them both thiough his lion bracelets. Arriving at Port Oi ford, ho was arraigned heforo tho magistrate for examination, when it was ascertained that the prosecution was without n syllable of testimony to support tho charge of murder. No ono had seen him commit tho orimo, and the circumstances pointing to his guilt, although leaving no doubt in tho minds of tlio public, wero insuffi cient to rebut the presumption of in nocence kindly thrown around ovon tho most friondless prisoner. Ho was accordingly ordored discharged, and, being taken Mr. JUloy to a neighbor ing blacksmith's shop, bin irons wero iinrivotnl and taken off, and ho was told that ho was free. Hut whllo then) steps wero in progress, another tribu nal in which tlio technicalities of law havo no force, had sat upon tho caso of Mr, Knos, and ho hud boon con demned lioyond the hope of appeal or reprieve. Tlio sontence of death had been passed by the pcoplo, and the hour of his execution was at hand. As ho passed out of tho blacksmith's hop, ho passod between two linos of armed men, who osoorted him sllont Jytowurd Dattlo Rock; tho tldo was low, and a fow minutes later, for tho second time In Its history, tho summit of that mound was thronged with hu man beings. And as tho sun sank in tho western waves, it oast upon the hIioio (he shadow of the lifolossfonuof tho mhrderur Knos, dangling from tho limb of a small pint) that grow upon tho summit of tho ruck, of experience in that excellent public iiislitciiDii would not beconsidetcd n profitable risk by a life Insurance com pany. Attempts to take life on lriial provication are alarmingly frequent An excited individual constitutes himself or herself judge of his or hor own wrongs, a'id wiili nppaionlly lit tle fear of unpleasant consequences, proceeds upon the woik of murder. Of course an insane peisou cannot be held resonsible for his actions, huL so ciety owes it to its members not to tempt unhinged intellects to c imo by its 'niliiro to punish criminals who cannot plead insanity a an excuse for tlio defiance of law. Theie can be no doubt that week and pailially do ranged persons aro iiillucnced hv tho events which take place mound ihcm. Kvery escape of n murderer th-ough IJil technicalities, has a tendency to incite disordered, but not really iricsponsiblo minds, to a simMar de fiance of law. Tho lov and uncer tain action of law, in cases wheie the accused has money or friends, has shorn the statuto of half its Icr-ors. Whon predictions arecooly made that a clearly established crime will not be punished, tho way to murder is made eay. I'ublic opinion which tolerates. a loosoand easy administration of law is partially responsible for theso un provoked attacks of lifo and reputation. Tho Kt'iirrtlcl HuwhtMO on A mot it. Tlio llurlinjjlon llawkryn draws tho following conclusions as to what would havo been Arnold's fato if ho had been a hundred years later: "Ho lived a century too early, this man of hateful and accursed memory. Had ho lived a hundred years latter ho might havo committed treason most hateful, ho might havo foresworn him self in national council, and drawn his sword against the country that taught him how to uso it; ho might have pi mulcted tho national treasury, robbed tho government of arsenals and stolon its navy yard, faught for years against tho Hag Unit waved over his birth, and thou n tainted name? A traitor's doom? An accused mem ory? A haunted, desolato life? Oh no, Lord lore you, simple minded pa triot, nothing of tho sort. Ho would coino back and bo electod to Congresi ho would bo a Senator, ho would run tho governmont, ho would talk more " ""' vuii-hiuiuoh no ni-l,imiMip and fatigue; whohavenoth luiiiliivu hi iicHirny, man mo mon who : tll w,. if ,.,. ,.OIinll0r tboin. ,,,,,1 "O " W " -.- W..-J . ., ...... OrU'NHK, Tho very name of this prlnco has become proverbial, and tho expression "as rich as Croesus," has become fa miliar to all, but very few know who anil what Croesus was. Ho was the last king of tho Lydians,ono of the threo nations which sprung from the destruction of tho first Assvrian em pire. Tho wealth of this prince, to judgo of it only by tho prcsmits ho made to tho temple of Delphi, must have been excessively great. Wo may partly account for tho vast treasures of this prince, from certain mines ho had, and also from the little river I'ac tolus, the sand of which was gold. What is very cxtraordinory, this af fiuenco did not enervate or soften the couraco of Cropstis. Ho thought it unworthy of a princo fo spend his time in idleness and pleasure, and was perpetually in arms ; enlarged his do minions by conquering sll the contig uous provinces, and also' made war against the Greeks. Although ho was immensely rich, and so great a warrior, yot his chief delight was in literature and tho sciences. His court was the residence of tho famous seven Wise Men of Greece. Solon, one of the mo"l celchrnted of wise men, left Athens on u traveling ton'-, and dining his journey visited the court of Cnesns. He was received in a manner suited to one of so great a reputation. Tho king appeared in all his regul magnificence; his appar el was covered with gold, diamonds, and all kinds of precious stones. Sol on looked on unmoved, and tho king was annoyed, for he expected that ho would betray astonishment and I admiration at tho sight of so much wealth. Solon's coldness and indifler enco lo.'t no favorable impression on in King, nun no iicp.irteu wun a not too high appreciation! of Crresus, looking upon all this outward pomp a an indication ofalitPo mind, which knows not in what true greatness and dignity consist, CneMis, if we judge of him by the eha-actcr ho bears in history, was a very good and worthy princo. He had a great deal of good nature, atfa. bility oud humanity. Jlis palace was a leecptaelo for men of wit and learn ing, which shows that he himself was a person of learning. His weakness was, l-iyiugtoo great tress upon rieh 04 and magnificence, thought him self great and happy in proportion to his poe-sions, mistook regal pomp and splendor for true and solid great ness, mid fed his vanity with tho ex cessive submissions of thoso that stood in a kind of adoration before him. Solon saw liis weaknoss, and gavo him good advice, but with tho kind of men which Cnesushad about him, ho could not bear that noblo and goner ous ."recdom in tho philosopher, upon which ho ought to havo set infinite valiio ; as he would havo done had he understood tho worth of a friend, who, attaching himself to the poison, and not to Ihofoituno of a prince, has tho coiimgoto tell him bitter truths. Cuesus' son, whom ho lovod fondly, having boon killed in a boar hunt, his father was greatly distressed, and two years were spent in mourning. But tho growing reputation of Cyrus, a rising young Persian king, roused him agoin. Ho thought it behooved him to put n stop to tlio power of tho Por siaus, which was daily increasing, After consulting tho oraolos, which gavo a favorable answer, he determ ined to niako waragainst the Persians, and with this end in view, entered in to an ulliauco witli tho Athenians. A certain wise Lydian, at this timo, gavo Cnvsus good advice, and said "Why do you think of turning your arms against such a pcoplo as thoPor sians, who being born in a wild, rugged country, aro inuied to every kind of cr afterward took him with him in all his expeditions, cither out of esteem for him, or to have tho benefit of his counsel, or out of policy, and to bo more secure of his person. IVIutt Urology Toll IT. It is from tho "Medals of Creation" the fossil remains of plants and ani mals scattered throughout tho rocky strata of tho globe that wo aro en abled to read that wonderful portion of our earth's history which reaches back even into chaos itself, my riads of ages beforo the creation of man. These arc the electrotype oj nature faithful records, which there is no conflicting testimony to invali date, and wtiich no criticism can gain say. It is believed by most geologi tsthat the earth was at one timo a niolton mass, surrrouiidcd by an atmosphere filled with dense gases and vapors ; and that, as the outer portions cooled forming tho rocks and tho dryland, tho vapors, condensing and falling in showers, formed springs, rivers, and the waters of tho ocean. This is the geological theory of tho gradual call ing of order out of chaos, after tho great work of creation had heen com pleted. It h maintained that this view of the early condition of our globe, and of the successive changes that subse quently occurred in it during thous ands and perhaps millions of years prior to the creation of man, docs not at all conflict with the scriptural ac count of the creation. The scriptural account, as paraphrased by a modern coninic liato", would road thus: "In tho beijinvhuj God created the heavens rind the earth. And the earth was ilcsolalc. Afterward, .the Spirit of God moved upon -tho face of the wat ers;" thus allowing the possibility of oven millions of years between tho first act of creative power and the six days work of arranging tho universe. Different opinions long prevailed among tlio learned with regard to the nature, the extent of time, and the date of the six days work of creation, for -ho Uiblo gives us no explanation on theso points; but by most of tho learned of tho present day, and by all eminent geologists, the "six days" arc understood to bo indefinint periods of time, as it is said that, with tho Al mighty, "a thousand years aro to bo reckoned but as ono day." It seems reasonable to suppose that they may havo been prophetio periods looking into tho past, and seen in vision by inspired historian. "The Creation" bus been choon as a themo for august description by the poet Milton, and it likowiso forms tho subject of Haydn's grandest oratorio. The Coast Mail. DEVOTED TO .A.X.X XjX-VXS XSSST73BM. THE INTERESTS OF SOUTH ERN OREGON ALWAYS FOREMOST. The Development of our Mines, tho Improvement of onr harbors, and rail rad communication with tho Interior, specialities. 3 The Curat fTfilnnt, nerlNcd nnd Im proved. saved it, ho would write books and defy public opinion, and tho only thing to show him that God hated him would bo his blighted eye. If Uonediot Arnold evor looks around this plauot and seo how Jefferson Davis Is getting along, It must niako him feol that ho is a martyr mid a deeply injured num. Much trouhlo can often bo saved hy marking tools with tlioir ownors names, which can oiuily bo dono in tho following mannor i Coat tho tool with nthinlayorof wax or hard tal low by first warming tho steel mid rub bing on tho wax warm until it flows, mid thou let it cool. When luml mark tho niimo through tho wax with it graver, and apply weak nitrio acid ; after a fow moments wash off tho add mid wlpo with a soft rag, when tholot tors will lie steol. ovorytlung to gain if tlioy conquer you." Hut Ciwsusllad taken his res olution, mid commenced tho war that ended so disastrously to him. After several battlo, Cnesus was at last defeated and taken prisoner by Cyuis,aud all his immense- riches and treasures fell into tho hands of tho conqueror. This inisfoituno brought Cnvsus to his senses and ho acknowl edged his error in making wnr against ono who was greatly his superior, Cyrus, touched with compassion at the misfortune of tho king, who was fallen in a moment from so great an elevation, and admiring his equanim ity undor such ft rovorso of fortune, treated him with a great deal of clem anoy and kindness, suffciing him to enjoy both tlio tltlo mid authority of king, but not having tho power to do olaro war. Orsus afterward led a found etched into tho happy mid contented life, exempt i from nil caro ami disquiet. Cytua ov- Dyedln the Wool": Tho Portland "Bee" replies to some vile assailant, and among other things sa vs : e havo a record which vou know proves your insinuation false. Though in lS7Gw-o could not bo hired to pub lish your vilo stories concerning a Democratic candidate without posi tive and swotn proof, which you could not produce. ,Tho "Bee" was tho firt paper in O.egon to raiso tho Republi can banner, and It has ever since been constant to that party, And should adversity ariso or timo provo that the pcoplo will not support a Republican paper upon thoprinciplo of tho great est good to tho greatest number, un bought by subsidies, uncontrolled by ring influence, abovo ofllce seeking, below arroganeo, among tho people.for tho people, then, if tho "Bee" goes down, its last effort will hold tho flag of tho Republican party alovo its buiial placo. Wo were not hunted with dogs, shot at, robbed, stripped of our clothes, thrown into iv pen to rot by the Democratic party for nothing Wo loved tho Republican party on mud for drink, corn cobs for food, tho sky for a blanket and sand for ft bed, whilo tho ringster you recognizo was fleeing from "tho draft." u'ruutN Anhoi'1iiIm. Gon. Grant, during his recent tour, has been received by tho following named princes and potentates; Queen Victoria of England, King Leopold of Belgium, tho Khedive of Egypt, tho Sultan of Turkoy, King Humbort of Italy, Popo Leo X1IL, President MnoMnhon of Franco, tho King of Holland, Emporor William nt Ger many, Princo Bismark, King Oscar of Sweden, tho Emporor Alexander of Russia, tho Emporor Francos Joseph of Austria, King Alfonso of Spain, President Grovy of Franco, M, Gam- betta, Vicoroy Lyttonof India, King Thebaw of llurimih, Princo Kung of China, tho Emperor of Shun, tho Mikudonf Japan. St'iirioituiu for f!? 50 per annum, tho Mam. Only A correspondent of the Chicago Inter-Ocean, writing from Sonora, Ohio, gives currency to tho following story, which wo give to our readers for what it is worth. Not leing personally ac quainted with the writer wo do not vouch for his veracity : "Yesterday your correspondent vis ited one of the most remarkable re mains of other years which has ever been unearthed and discovered in this State. It has been found near Gcr mantown, a village a few miles south of here. The following are are the facts as ascertained hy us of Mr. Lewis Transcr, on whose farm it was first noticed : A few weeks ago a gentle man from Richmond, Ind., passing hy Mr. Traner's residence, drank from a spring by the roadside Being an old coal miner, any indication of such minerals would be discovered by him, and he observed to a bystander that there was surely coal in those hills. He was so confident of the truth of his assertion that he obtained permis sion of the owner to investigate it, and set to work on the following Monday. He searched all week with pick and shovel without finding any further truce of the mineral, but on Saturday evening his tools struck upon what was once a thick chimney, popular many years ago with our pioneers, but now evidently petrified. This discov ery so aroused his curiosity that he procured the assistance of several neighbors, and they continued the excavation all night, and on Sunday, when a large crowd collected at tho spot, and the work was so vigorously pushed that before night, there stood before the astonished multitude a complete log house, 12 by 14 feet, now solid rock. The house is in perfect condition, with slab roof and "chink ed" walls. Its bight is about 12 feet, and it is a mass of white rock. Every stick in the chimney, every log, every piece of bark on thereof, and every hickory withe binding the logs togeth er at the door, are perfect stone,but as distinguishable as tfiev wero origin ally. Wo entered the house through a low door, which is tho only nparturo in the walls except tho fire-place com municating with the chimney. The light from these enabled us to see in one corner ot mo only room a rude bed, also perfectly petrified, formed in tho usual manner of the pioneers by plac'tig poles in holes in tho logs and supporting them with upright jwsls. It was covered with clapboards, and further with skins and polis. On this rude couch is the skcl tou of n man about six feet in length and entirely petrified. Behind the open door is tho sitting skeleton of a dog, evidently his last faithful com paniou; and over this entrance, sup ported by pegs, is a rusty rifle barrel, of the old fashion flint lock pattern, the stock having rotted and fallen to the floor. There nro a few other ar ticles in the room, all petrified, and which we wero unablo to identity. The skeleton lies on its back, but wo could find no further resemblance to the hitman frame, althouh the petri fication is very complote. This wonder is daily attracting large bodies of pcoplo from remote places, and scientists are busy inves tigating it and furnishing theories as to its singular jiosition and formation. Mr. Grauser has been offered $20,000 for tho house by Dr. W. A. Manning and othor gentlemen of Minmisburg, Montgomory county, but has refused it. Ho will probably roceive n much larger sum for it from some scientific institution. Tho house appears to be on tta ori ginal foundation, and the query aria cs how did it get hero, and how did it become petrified here between two largo hills, and at least thirty foot un der ground? It is not our provinco to furnish theories concerning this singular formation of man mid nature, but we hope that this may so interest sonio of your well known scientists that tlioy may throw sonio additional light on it. For furthor reference address Mr. Louis Grauser, or M r, W. It. Morse, Gonnmitown ; or Mr. Chas. Blossom, editor "Bulletin" Maimlsburg. In the future we may again refer to this im portant discovery. Babylon. A joint resolution lias heen intro duced in Congress pioposing un amendment to tho Constitution, pro viding that after tho 4th of'Mareh, 18S5, tho President and Vice-Presi dent shall hold ofllco for six years, and shall bo inelhgiblo for inoro than, ono term consecutively, and tho menu hers of Congress shall bo elected for threo years. Kaksas has now a school popula tion of 300,000 ; tho jicreaso since last year is 10,, Sonio idea of the greatness of Baby lon, of ancient fame, can be obtained from tlio following sketch which wo take from Rollins history. It wan erected by Scmiramis, ft princess of mean extraction, who came to tho throno of Assyria by killing NinuSi her husband. She thought to Immor talize her name and cover tlio mean ncss of her birth, and surpass nil her prcdcccsors in magnificence; to this end she undertook tho building of the mighty Babylon, in which work she employed 2,000,000 men. What jieriod of time was re quired in its construction, history does not say, but Scmiramis reigned 42 years, and was engaged in various en terprises, at one time leading into In dia an army of over 4,000,000 men, so the construction of Babylon could not havo taken many years : "Babylon stood on. i largo plain, in a very rich soil. Tho walls were in every way prodigious. They were 87 feet in thickness, in height 3o0, and in compass, GO miles. These trails were drawn around the city in tho form of an exact square, each side of which was 15 miles in length, and all built of large bricks cemented togctk- cr with bitumen, a glutinous slime arising out of the soil of that country-, which binds much stronger and firmer than mortar, and soon grows muclr harder than the bricks or stones which it cements together. "These walls were surrounded on tho outside by a vast ditch, full of wa ter, and lined with bricks on both sides. The earth that was dug out of it, made the bricks wherewith tho walls were built; and from tho vast height and bredth of the walls, may be inferred the greatness of the ditch "In cverj- side of this great square were 25 gates, 100 in all, which were made of solid brass. Between every two of these gates were threo towers, and four more at tho four corners ot this great square, and three between each of these corners and the next gate on eithor side ; evoryone of these towers being ten feot higher than tho. walls. "From the 25 gates in each side of" this great square went 25 streets, in straight lines to tho gates, which wero direotly over against them, in the opposite side ; so that the whole number of streets were 50, each 15. miles long, whereof 25 went one way and 25 the other, directly crossing each other at right angles. And.be sides these, there wero also four half streets, which had houses only on. ono side, and the wall on tho other;-these went round the four sides of tho city next tho walls, and wero each of them 200 feet broad ; the rest were about 150. By these streets thus crossing- each other, tho whole city was thua cut into 070 squares, each of-which was four furlongs and a half on evory side, that is, two- miles and a quarter In circumference. Round these- squares, on every side toward tho street, stood tho houses Cwhich were not contiguous, but had" void spaces between them.) all built threo or four stories high, and beautified with oM manner of ornaments towards the streots. Tlio space within, in tho middle- of eaeh square, was likewise- nil void ground, employed for yards, gardens, and other such uses ; so that Babylon was greater in appearance than reality, near one-half the-oity be ing taken up in garden and othor cultivated lauds." Besides the walls, there wero other works which rondored Babylon so fa mous, among which may bo mention ed tho quays and bridgo. ; tho loket banks, and canals, tnado for tho drain ing of tho river; tho palaces, the hanging-gardens, and tho teuiplo of Bolus ; works of such surprising niajj nificeueo, as is scarce to bo compre bended, and of which we shall here after speak. This great city was al most entirely destroyed by Cyrus, ami afterwards becamo totally oxlluot. At a Ipgnl investigation tit a liquor seunro, tho judgo asked mi unwilling witnoss: "What was in tho barrel that you had?" Tho reply was; , "Well, your honor, it was marked s "whiskey" on one end of the barrel and "Pat Duffy" on tho other ond, siT that I can't say whether it was whis-. koy or Pat Duffy was in tho barrel, being as I am on oath." GuKATflxcltomoulprovaUsinMalno, over tho high handed nipftsurcsot tho Democracy in counting in tho fusion candidates. Evidences of (Im. fraud committed by tho Governor ud coun cil accumulate, and iryuiy leading: Republicans insist that these frauds . shall hs exposed anil, tli$ right ahftU prevail. Business gives way tq ca "jj citcmeut uvorywliorc so, says t,lJ.f dispatch, ' " , Svq?ciuiiE(urt!io Mau ? -3Bfflrli , ' , -"3 s -f4 f A " - $ ?.