The Coast mail. (Marshfield, Or.) 187?-1902, June 14, 1879, Image 1

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TIIE COAST MAIL.
Publlnhod ovory Bnttirdny Moinlnir
-IIY-
WKHSTKU, UAOKtilt I.OOKIIAUT,
1?he coAstf Mil.
DEVOTED TO
.lxj xrvx: iss-crsa.
rr h: ei
COAST
MAIL
Mnrslitlulil, Coon (Jo., Oregon.
TlillMM. IN AllVA.Vfll.
Ono Year t'J W)
8I Mouths t W)
Threa Monlli J W)
To mhcrtlflcu no guarantee the in ml
ftttiifuldu larim mill fair dealing.
The InlcrcHta of Southern ro
jrou Always Foremost.
The Development of onr Mine-, the Improve
ment of our HsrtKir, and Railroad Com.
munlcatlon with the Interior, Specialties,
VOL. 1;
MA'RSHKIBLD, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 14, 1875).
NO. 24.
mi r T 1"islmiiTV!"1SWi
-w:-WHHpiifA35ife9B9Ej
Over uiiil Over Again.
Orrr iul oror ln,
No nullnr which way I lutu,
I aim? Itml lullio Jlwli of l.lfn
Houm lessons J litra to lfHi.
I mini Ukainy turn nt tho mill,
1 mint Krlml mil llm hhMmi iirnln,
t niul Hoik nt my (ok nflti imolulo will
Over mil ovtr again.
Wo emmot nituuto llm iimiI
Of fevt'it lli llultl llDHtr,
Norelteck llm (law of -oMii imuli
Tin I run llnoiili single hour.
Hut tlio niunilni; clow mini Nil,
Ami the nun mul the nuiunitr rtln
Mint tin tliolr'it, mid ctrfuiiu It ill
Our mill ovtrKlii.
Uur Mut nvir kIii
TlioLffibk tlnnlifjli llio nipathiw flW,
Ami duirmiil ovtrKln
Hie Jhii(!iiiiih mill whl pr.
Onro Uuinu Mill mil miltlan,
'IIioukIi iluiuff ix, nut In vIn ;
And blii filling biio tir lwli,
My ceme, If wo by gii.
'Up lulh tint Iim hum tttu liixl
U ihkt so run nil i Iim ffit
Ami tint Ir.tmi mi ones hstti hariird
In itm Ki liih! to rrjt.
'I'IkmirIi vorruttful tern nuy fll,
Ami Out limit to U ilcellu U rlnu
With itoi in mill Uniicl, weiic ll.im ll
T'jtciiiltr u mtl for litm.
All KxpCtlHloil lull) (he Jungle,
Colonel tirnul wits not disponed to al
low our expedition to Icnvo India with
out Buiijo honor from llm field, nttil it
wus proposed Hint wo should lmo some
pig slicking. Tlio nlloklng of a pig
does not nottiii to !h) a crloun Imsfw.ss
to people at homo, whoso ideas of tlio
nnimal nro routined to IU tisefulnctui m
breakfmit bacon. Tlia old hauler nay
tlmt no niiort In liulin in mom molt in j
or tuoni ilniiKi)iou-i. Tlio Vfihl lioar in n
illfTfront nnlmal from llm hunwly, una
fill, lolliiiK liog.wlii.Mi hl(litt function
nt liorno lit lanl. Ho llvt-n In tliojiui
Kit), I tin foo h tlio UKr on no, nml n
loar wjll rvnni u Uro oroit of grow
iiK ?iio in a MiikIo nlnlit. llo In IhiM
nml brvo. Ilia Inokn nro uniolinn"
ilfitit iucliCK in liiih'lli mut n lmr ok
n rnsor. Willi (licou tttak liu will
o)inrK niiy nuiiiinl. A l04r linit U'oii
kiumu lo rij ojtrn lih'or mini liom
liowul liitn, Tim liiwr Iim jrt nmtur
unco. Ho con in liii ilmt null outrun
mi A rnli Meed. Ho nromn lo bit n
jx'ucchIjIo Ixmnt who will ilo no harm nml
"imiul hu ilnjr on root or HKur oauo
uiiIcju joii nmull liim. Ho will throw
uo (it tho ir, miifiluulrfillii
uu.lof hU Itittkn cut hi in up h with
knlfo. Homo of tho iiuwt noriouH ncci
ilonU In tho hlntory of Hiiort hnvocomo
from tho wlhl pig. Thoro nro luwn
nhoiit ho liunlitiK which no BOiilleiiiBti
vlolatrit, You do not uliool him. You
onljr HttAok tho boar, norur tlio ow. To
kill n row in tint Jt'j-poru country wonhl
lo oh ncrluun it crlmo n to bIhmiI a fox
In Molton Mowbrny. You tlo not kill
tho youiiR. In wnrrliiK Ho ticr
your eiwmy i tho common tummy of
iimukitul, who Ihi'A on proy ; who, tin
1km fnniUhiiih', will not ULo hlM tvy
lillli'M lui kill It ; whono paimloli i
b.ooil ; who livim on iloinpntio oltlo
nml ucful nnimttU, ninl in hi old ly
lukc to jirtijlng upon whii. Thuro in
thin iiiiiilily iiboul pig huuliug tlmt n
tnindii you of tho liuirulo olm.o. You
riilo ujion jour pony In tho jtiuulo ; you
rtHik him out mid light him with nword
or npcr liko o knight; you have n fix.
man who u ouly I hi MuIii by oooIiiim
uml eottrago, who llvon in tho dominion
of IholtHtparil mid tho tiger nml hold hi
owu with tlii'iu, mid Mhom doiith J
UMiftil in two wty it protreU tho nn
tivoii' cropM mid giviji tlutm fool.
An Olllt'ur Of tllll Mnllarntnli'u linn....
hold, (ho jirinuipnl luiiitur, iiud fmnotm
uiuuiik uiu inline in liulin, wullcil up.
on tin nt tlio JlrltlHh rtmldoiioy and (mid
that nt nix ni'Xt morning he would lx
ri'ody to wcomjiiiiiy htiy of m to tho
Jungio who enrod to go. A would ill
root tho hunt. Tho Doctor wrut din.
Pernod to voluntour, n:ul if ih Uocornl
hlmnolf lmd not hvou tindor otiirogo.
iiioiiU which hu could not put ruldu 1
think ho would hvo voutiinM out, if
for no other rranuu thuu to hnvo u goml
titlir rido in llm jungio. Mr liorio prtv
forrod to romnin with tho Gotiurul, mid
tho Colonel nloiio of tho purly wont in
to tho hunt. At nix our imrty loft tho
umidonuy, nml drovo out in t'jo cool of
tho morning for nix or novun iniloN.
When thtiy cumu to tho jungio liar-ton
worn in rt'ttdiiioM, with bullock cnrU,
utul n itHnrm of iittondnntrt, Tho Col
onel hud lmd hin own nlmro of hunting
on tho frontier, nml nit a rnvalrviunu
lmd it uooil oyo mid good Hcut. I'horo
wuro llronrnm nlong, to moot uiiy other
unlnml tlmt might venture upon thorn.
Not unfrciiiiDiiily whon looking for a
pig you muy niitiublo upon u tiger, orn
pniithor, or u bcur, whou tho PoudltioiiH
of tho hunt chuiigo. Tluiru U n ntory
of mi olllcor onoouiitoriug it pnuthor
whon out pig-atfoking uml npntring
him. Thlii ntory U now tho wondor
nml envy of Imtinu f.wioty, nml 1 do
not know of nuy humuii prouoodiug
morn to bo (umiuuimlod or uvoiilo.1, no
onrillugiutyutt nro truliiod to vlmv huoIi
mnltorH thuu Hpenring u puulhor. Jlul
tho ollloor did mo. Ourpnrly woropio
pwrod for niuih nuumorgonry, but It did
uotcoino. Whon thoy enmo to Hid
ground thoy mounted. The (Jolonol
rodo with the chief uporUmon nml un
interpreter. There woroMxteon horMO
iiuin, two emiielH, two bttllookcnrlM mid
bonier on foot. Tho chief wn u lino,
comely, lithe young iniin, who rodo it
bono Ilka nu Indlmi, with iv ku.m.plero
Ingcyo, who looked upon thoIuiigluiiN
upon home and kudw every fonturo of
it, Hu wore it padded gown or riding
oout, whioli lookH like one of our com.
fortublo iiiorning wrtipiorfl, tundu of
Ouilnn. uml mur llilu a lliitvliu. ulllr
liroemied din' i lis n murk of his rank.
"Hlitui you go on the htiutiiig grottiiil
tho pnriy di vido, tit dlntnncofi fur onoitgh
upitrt to cover n Hillu of tho jungio.
Ihoro nro bottlem on foot, who go nto
tho grnriH nml bout tho gumo towitnl you,
mukiiig loud iioluo. If you paa it now
or her young you keep on, allowing
llioni to tool uv penoo or Raamper nwny.
If n hour In Hiien the Hlgnul 1h given.
either by n whiitllo orn cnll, hoiiioIIiiioh
by firing n piNlol. Honioof tho buntern
hnvo pldlolH, no tlml if llio hour nhoiild
miiko n break mid try to rm'npo limy
cnu lire u blntik nhot mid turn him.
Tho hour will turn nt the nolno mil the
tho IIanIi ; but If tho hour In in dlnUnco
ion Kiilher your rolnN. britciyourilf in
your Huddle, tuko your xpour mid runut
full Miicoil. The hour nlwnTH neokit
lllght. If nt nil in condition ho will go
nt it pane which no horno can kcop. Jl til
tlilii iloefi not Inn l long, i lio unit Duriil
over nml you gain on hint. I it time
you rido him down, mid, nu you pium,
you drive tint npeitr Into hi lluiilm, or
if you cmi Into hin buck no nt to hover
liln Hjune, Jim linn in noioiion iiouo.
Tho Inw of the chaiio In tlmt the llrnt
Ntroko of the hinmr given joo the right
to the trophy, You wound tho hour
erely tMuhniw. Your nitonr in
wruuoliL'd from your hnnd. In broken by
the boar, who will nunp llio lion blade
nu canny km it ntitlk of mine, l.vnii wlion
wounded tho hour will keep hi lllght.
You iiurnttu him nml ngulu mieur him,
mid noumtimt'H ngniti mid nguin. The
iinliiml, faint from tho running, from
the loiii of blooil from the wound,
uoiiicm to buy, klopn uml turim. Then
comet the real inUrcwt of tho chr.
Ho ttirmt to buy mid in u ken a ruth.
Well for the horncmuu who can not
only keep hit neat, but no guido hin
liorno Ilmt tho boar will not plunge hin
...1. I.. I.. I.I. ,.,!.. .-I'., ll..,C .....I .1..
II.I.K ,i,,u ..,' ,,ii,,i,r,, r. . .. inn hiji. ..J'
him open. Tho Colonel, when he ran
down hin Ilmt b04r, drove tho nttem-.
It wan IniMily, porlmnn nwkwurdly
done, uml the hour nnnpited olT the
blade. When tho hour turned it
elmrcod the Ualonul'n homo. Ho nvold-
iil the charge, tho hour Mmply tonahing
llio Colonel loot tu bo punoti
Another hortomnu vtm not no forlutmte.
uh tho nuliuitl drove hU ttuk tnto iU
llmtk mid iniide no ugly gatili. Another
ntierir won given the Colonel, who again
nHtaril tho boar, nud thin time more
elfwitlvidv. for the unimnl turned over
and died.
Ono pig in not n lmd dav'n uport, but
the morning wnn not far gone, mid the
Colonel felt Hint tho npcurlng on hin
part had not Ik'oii well done. It wnn
hin ill t trial, however, and he would
hnvo liii pardoned hnd ho oomo homo
content with hin trophy. Ho the hunt
wont on. In u hort time another boar
wnn found mid llio Colonel charged it.
l'hln time the battle wnn iu the Col-
onel'n owu liaudi). Ho hud feon how
the director of the hunt had tumiaged
hit bcmlui'iw. and. Ihu re till wji a trl
tuuph. ltldiug tho boar out of bin
nwift puce he drove the Miwir. When
the animal turned ho facet! nml fought.
Another home in thin charge, ridden
by mi attendant, won wounded, the Ixwr
taking him iu the nhouhleruud millet
tug nu ugly wound. Another attendant
wnn throw it nud bruiM.nl. Hut thu cud
came, nml tho CoIoikI drove hin npear
home, thus ncuriug hin econd pig,
and glory enough for thu day. It wan
then ttroi totted to nhoot miielooe. The
luitolojpu in uo Iom wary In the jungle
man in our own prairie, no in wury
ami lleet. It in dltlicttlt to tttalk him,
for going on fool through n jungle,
where thu wildest of wild unimuln nuy
come on yon, in not n ftoutihlo proceed
ing. In Jo pore there are two wnyn of
hunting the antelope. Quo in with the
ohecMh, nn nuimnl of the leopard a no
cien, of remarkable Hiim-d for a hhorl
run. Thu cheetah in taken nml trained.
I do not think he ever becomes thor
oughly tamed, although 1 tuw- Home in
Jeypore I in I around by nttendauti, I
did not tent their docility, having thu
cmotiuu of early tueiniReriodnjii. tind
thinking it odd lonti n iong.'ertjiing,
npottctl luojiard imoiiig up nml down
thu ntroetn. The Muhuruj.ih hun norornl
Iu hi limiting cntttblinhment, nml, if
our (tarty had cared, would have given
tin n cheetah hunt. Tho animal in
! tamed at Itiuid made tamo enough to
obey hin keeper. Ho in taken iu nn ox
cart to thu jungle nml hooded. Thu ax
cart driven into the jungle, nnd no np
proaohen the nntelopen. Tho ox cart in
no familiar, an tho common wagon of
thu furinur, Hint ill panning docn not
disturb tlioin. A hornematt or it trav
eler or n httuter, wearing a dilToretit
tint jf garmetil from tho ordinary
pennant, would itct it whole herd iu mo
tion. Tho ox cart nppronohoN within
threo or four hundred yurdn. Tho
oheulnh in tinhoodcl mid llien nt hin
gnme. Jf miooohsIiiI Iio briugn it down
on uin iinti run. neiKing too ntitmul ny
the throat, (hero in no tmoaiting. If,
however. Iliodlntnnco in badly connid
orcd, and tho uutelope nhuwi too much
npced, or tlioolieetah in bewildered mid
docn not npriug ut tho moment, the mi
telopo getn off, for the npced of the
cheetah doen not lust iKtyoud thu llrnt
few hundred nrdn. He han i o ester
prlite. uo neune. uml when inn oxneri-
incut faiU ntoitn, mid w.nild perhnpn go
loaiung lino tno ittiii iu i; :,: keeper
did not oomo mid, covet' tig him with it
Itowl, leml nim to liln car:, ir 10 mto
cectln nnd briugn tho nntelopo don ho
ia allowed to drink hin blood nn n re
ward. Thin rowunl in the condition of
tauionoKt), (Jhefitidi hunting In moronu
iiinitnomuiit of thu untiven than thu Kit-
glinh. It in n uiirioun nport, mid wnn
nhown to the I'riueu of Walon when iu
Joy poro. (loud hitutern. Kngllnh liiiu
tein, think it n ijuentluiinuluprooeediiig
to Htoul upon nil uutuloitu in dlngtiiKO ami
nttuok him with it wild bcanl. Thu Col
onel nml hin party had tho ox carta nt
their dlaponul, mid, Ha t lulled with their
exiilolla over thu boar, went niter the
mitolupe. Thu curl drovo within good
nhootlug rniigu, when tho Colonel
brought down it lino buck. This cloned
the iluy'n work, for noon wan coming,
nud it wiut thought beat not to tempt too
Htrongly thu hunt of the jiiut-lo, Tho
Coloiinlcamo buuk to Joy poro with tho
timki of thu two boarn mid thu 1,'omsof
tho nutelopi) nn bin trophien, Ah a
young Amuricrtu'u llrnt day in thu jun
gle thu roHiilt witti it triumph fur our
expedition, nnd wo felt no upiult Inter
cm in mo limits itua tno iiunin mut uiu
imrrntlvo of tho iby's Atlvoutures that
wo bognii to feol oitrnelvcn -ilinrorn In
thu glory, and Hint wo, loo, hnd boon iu
tho gram, charging tho wild boar nnd
purnulng tho Hying deer. Tho Colonel
thanked tho Malmrnjuh for having given
him no lino a day'n nport. Uin High
nenn nald if thu Gonorid nud party
would only remain two or threw duyn
ho would give thorn it memorable ox
porionco with ligor nnd boar mid loon
nrd nml nil Hint hin junglen could
nirord. Corr. N. V. IhraUU
French .Society ami PollllM In thu
l'rovlnrcj.
The onUbUfthmiuit of tho republlo
iu Franco bun been Attended with no
many remarkable political incident
Hint wo have lieeu apt to overlook tliat
on j toot of thu Mibjoct which niont nlriken
a foreign ronident there namely, the
ntrtigglo between what in callctl " good
hooiuty" uiid thu men who hnvo finally
micccedod iu netting up thu now form
of government. Tho following obser
vation nro thono of a foreign rcnident
who bun watched thoprogronnof reptib
licnninm, and the opposition to it, for
many yearn, They nro not collected
from newnpnpern, but taken directly
from lifeiUelf.
In thu llrnt placo it in noticed that
the profession of monarchy or ropnb
licAuinic dtx'M not go by money. A
Frenchumn living iu (ho couutry may
be very well olT mid ntill bo au ardent
rojiiibflcari; but when thin happenn ho
neldotu han nuy prot'inttlonn either to
birth or fanhiou, tho rich republican in
aim out invariably a man of tho middle
class, whonu forefathont were laborioun
and economical, mid no accumulated
wealth. At the (.ma time tho rich re
publican in a tuna without social am
bition, u man who dcenuot care lo pttnu
hin way into tho nocioty of tho arintoo
rocy. Hin frioniln nro of bin own claim,
mid generally poorer than himnelf. Ho
IS plain iu hin ilrenn nud manuorn, gen
erally driven a ono-horno carrlngo, nud
given himnrlf no nim of superiority,
which itidcod would not bo tolerated
by thu equality-loving nociety which ho
frequent. Ho U often fnlrly well
educated, mid eithor a doctor or a law
yer by profusion, though hin iudcjton
dent fortune relieves him from tho no
cennlty of praclicing. Uo gnU eleaUHl
to nomo pot tf trunt by the voten of hm
fulluw-cixeiitt, and in natinfled with noma
deiirco of local ustfulncss and Impor
lance, though ho may anpiro to tho
cviueif gtiirrul of his department, or
even to fit itejiulolion. Uo han uo no
tion of ever nbandouiuK hin rcnubll-
cauitim, bowover rick ho mar bocome;
ho will never, so long as be liven, stick
u f leforo hin tunio or do anything to
conceal hin origiu. Junt at prenenl
thuro in a worthy provincial of thin
type nt tho Klynco, who han accepted
the presidential chair.
The ii our fn rich who wauta to leave
hin owu claim ami get into thu local nr
intooraoy in well aware that oven tho
wont moderate and circumspect repub
licanism would ruiu all hin prospect.
Thu rural udtlcno tued to halo republi
canism with much warmth, but since tho
election the won) hatred in much too
mild to characteiixo their nontimontn.
They detect it utterly; they abhor, exe
crate, abouiluato it; they loatho tho very
night of tho initial It. '., nud caunot
be got toprououueotuu wonlntlier rep
resent; or. if over by chance thor do
pronounce thorn, it in with a tone of con
tempt mingled with dingunt. Thoy
havo itigenioun p4)ri-phroe8 to avoid the
oilloun wonl, nmlJipeakol " geurtiw
mtnt qui nou rvif," or of " cef elut de
4oriiiU ilits choiet jh uout royttm au
jiitTiVtiUt." It in not in accordance with
tho touo of tho rural aristocracy to ad
mit that tho republic can effect any
good whatever Tho correct thing in
to deplore tho wretched ntato of the
couutry, tho ubnenco of n lemtemaio,
the degradation of Franco iu tho oyen
of 12uroo. nnd to anticipate a tretuon
dotiH cataclysm in which all property
will bo swept away. 9inco tho tieua
torial olectioun guvo a republican ma
jority to tlio upper house it in tho mark
of a gentleman of tho provinces to ex
press n grim Hntinfactiou in tho idea
that hin couutry in going to thu devil
with greatly uccolcrated speed. " Wo
have but ono chance now," ho in ex
pected to say, "nnd that in tho stticido
of tho democracy iu tho intoxication of
iU perilous freedom. Tho soonor it
destroys itself by its own folly tho hot
ter for tho future of tho country if it
in to have nuy future."
Tho most tnoilurato republican, tho
mildest liberal oven, soon lluds him
nelf out of place, uutofta hu bun
hypocrnuy enough to nay thono things
himself, nnd to approve of thorn ener
getically whouovor thoy nro said by
others, llut ho has to tolerate much
more thuu thin if ho intends to keep
his place iu nrislocratia circles, lie
must listen to loug accounts of republi
can rapacity, to (dories of tho enormous
fortuuea which Uumhothi nud others
havo created for themselves by robbing
tho public piirto. llo must accept nud
maintain thu theory that Bullish grood
is the ouly motive which can possibly
animate u republican. Tho received
doctrine is that when n royalist gets
elected to tho Chamber of Deputies
hit object is to maintain moral order; but
when a republican aspires to tho mime
honor ho thiukn of nothing but tho pay,
Thu profoohi appointed by tho reac
tionary cabinet after thu Seize Mat
weru mou uuvotcd to a saored cause;
tho prefects appointed by Dufaro nro
devoted to ill thy lucre nud tho lusts of
tho ilesh. Thu courts of justieo uro
generally occupied by reactionary mag
istrates who havo oftou limited down
icpttbliuaus without mercy, these tuiuo
republicans being now In uintiy in
tttuueon elevated by tho votes of their
lollowoilixons to positions of trust and
inlluuucu us a protest against what they
look upon us persecution. Tho rule In
Ailstoonttlo society in to treat nil theso
condemnations seriously, nud spook of
their victims its a sort of tiokot-of -leave
num. "N", V, Ihmt Journal,
" Houiubles satisfactorily oystorcd,"
it n quaint ndvortisomout,
How to Make a Hrfali-Wuk'r Aqua
rium. Tho froali-wateraqtisrlum ordrnwing
room Unit pond in a pleasing and inter
esting ornament for a city or suburban
town. It in cheaply And easily mado,
and requires hut littlo care. Compar
atively fow persons can adorn their
homes with costly picture; and statues,
but almost any ono with a Iovo of na
ture ami art can havo sn aquarium, ful
filling in rniniaturo rcalitbs tho glow
ing nnd poetia water legends of North
ern nnd OrlonUl climes. It is tho
expression of tho cultured Uilo, moro
than tho embellishment of wealth, that
make a charming homo.
A tank for a fresh-water aquarium
may bo constructed of four plates of
glass, with n largo piece of slate, mar
ble or metal for the bottom ; or tho tank
may bo mado wholly of inetal and set
liko a largo sink in a bay or oriel win
dow. Wo havo seon An aquarinm of
this kind Htirronndod with growing
tilaubi, in the midst of which is a min
iature cottage covered with mosses, a
perfect living picture, W it were, of tho
charms of rural lifo. Tho successful
fresh water uquarlam Ut a thing of re
cent date, and wo cannot bettor givo a
view of its requisites Ua by showing
how it was perfected by tho English
naturalist, Mr. WnrriBjrfcon. It used to
bo found a difficult thing to keep even
gold nnd silver fish all to for any con
siderable length of tiattin tho common
glass globes, risb. eta carbonic acni
gan, which soon toisonacou(lnol body
of water, destroying Animal lifo. It
was, however, at last discovered that
plants consurao this gMj using as food
tho noxious vapors omitted by animals.
Htartiug villi this principle, Mr. War
rington set about breeding fish in tanks
with tho aid of marine plants. Ho suc
ceeded admirably at fira, but, after a
tinio, a chaugo camo .over his little
world. Tho water bectno impure and
the Ash perished. IJr3tbo aid of the
microscope ho discovered a vegetable
poison arising from itno decaying
plants, ltut in riven aud ponds plants
decay without destroying animal lifo.
What was tho reason? Tho export
tnonlalist went to a poau in tho vicinity
and explored tho bottom with care.
Uo found decaying vegetablo matter,
but, likewise, water wails doing duty
as scavengers. Iu constructing your
aquarium you will, tfereforo, supply
tho water with growing plants, such as
iloliealo grasses, -nose, Jems, anu
with snails and musnekiij) consumo de
caying vegetation. If Hie window sink
is used for tho aquarium', it is well to
aarrouttd it with grOriirc-pUU Ilka
calla lily, and to cover tho bottom
with clusters of pebbles and marino
shells.
In selecting fishes for tlio aquarium,
gold and silver fish will of course haTO
the first choice, and after that tho min
nows. Tho beauty of theso fish, their
habits and tho management thoy require
nro too well kuor;n for an extended no
tice in u necessarily brief article. Tho
perch is a suitable fish for a fresh water
aquarium, tor a reason that may not bo
well known. It is ono of tho few fishes
that may be trained, and mado to show
iU docility by taking food from tho
fingers. Tho pike, which is tho shark
of fresh water, may bo put into an
aquarium with gold fish and perch, but
not with other fishes. Even with the
gold fish it is not to bo fully trusted, as
when hungry it has been known to eat
iU own species.
Tho trout is a handsomo fish, with its
crimson, spotted Bides, but like tho
piku it must be well fed and kept nwny
from smaller fishes. Tho eel may bo
used with safetya small ono, And frogs
may bo kept with larger fish.
Tho uierot may alto bo added to
the happy family, notwithstanding
tho antipathy against it on account of
its rosemblanco to tho lizard ; it is per
fectly harmless. Daring tho breeding
season it exhibits a varioty of shining
colors oruugo, olive, greeu, with a
mottling of brown and scarlet. Tho
water spidor is a curious insect, and, if
possible, should be seonrod for the
aquarium. It spends tho greater part
of iU timo beneath the wator, coming
to tlio surfuoo to seira its proy and to
obUin n fresh supply of air for iU sub
aquatic homo, lleclining figures of
plaster may bo added, and if tho tank
bo a largo "ono, nn artificial island of
stones, mosses aud ferns, with a siphon
fouutain, may bo uiadu in tho middle.
JlLACKiimuiv Coituui., -Ono quart
blackberry juice; ono pouud of whito
sugar; ouo half ounce grated nutmeg
mid tho name of powdered oinnamou ;
ouo-quurtor of un ounce of allspice, tho
name of powdered cloves, and ono pint
of best brandy. Tie tho spices ia thiu
muslin bags; boil jutoo, sugar aud
spices together for fifteen minutes,
skimming wall; add tho brandy and set
aside in a closely covered vossol to oool.
When perfectly cold strain out tho
spices And bottle, sealing tho corks.
This is au excellcut remedy for
diarrhea,
llu'B Tomato I'ueseuvks. Sevon
Kttuds Bound, yellow tomatoes aud six
pounds of migar. tho jnioo of throo largo
lumous. Pool tlio tomatoes and lot nil
stAtid togother over night ; drain off
tho syrup nud boil it, bkimming well ;
then nut in tho tomatoes aud boll sontlv
for twenty minutes ; tako out tho toma
toes with u skimmer and spread ou
dishes to cool. Uoil down tho Byrup
ttutil it thickens ; put tho preserves iu
jars And fill up with hot syrup.
I'lmtKiiYKii Oi'iiiuxTfl. Ten pounds
currants, soveu pottuds sugar. Take
tho stems from soveu pounds of tho cur
rants, nud press thu juice from tho other
throo pounds. Whou tho juioo nnd
sugar aro made into a hot ayrup. put iu
tho ourruuta nud boil uutil thiok aud
rich,
BroNou Caku, Ton eggs, and pound
of granulated sugar, well beateu to
gether; beat the whiten to a froth; then
add half pouud of Hour nud ouo U
spoonful baking powder; thou add the
whites of tho eggs,
Tlio Iluslncs'a Outlook.
llio month of May has opened with
tho most flattering prospoots, far moro
no than tho most sanguine Anticipated
throo months since.
A morninc'B visit to tho principal
commission bonnes tnd jobbers han
confirmed all that tho Traveller has
hcrotoforo expressed as to tho hopofnl
futuro. Tho head of ono of tho oldest
commission houses in Boston remarkod
that tho simplo fact of tho banks and
bankers taking tho largo number of
government Itonds on such favorable
terms wan in iUelf an indication of per
fectly restored confidence, and tho im
mediate result of this was tho rise of
stocks, and tho unlocking of large
amoaoU of capital and throwing it out
for investment, and . tho increased
movement in stocks has given confi
dence in othor directions.
Many of tho woolen manufacturer
have contracted for largo amounU of
goods months Ahead, and such mills as
tho Middlesex. Wathiinton And Man
chester aro making full up to thoir ca
pacity.
Tho managing partner of the largest
cotton goods commission house re
marked that at no time sinco 1870 have
the iobbors expressed so much confi
dence in tho future, and from a theo
retical and practical point of view, ho
felt convinced that the present year
would boo business placed substantially
where it waa before the war. The largo
i'obbers liko Jordan, Marsh k Co., who
tavo heretofore kept their stocks down,
aro now stocking largely.
Pausing from tho dry goods trado and
coming to tho boot and shoo trade, tho
great specialty of Boston, wo find an
equal degrco of expectation and confi
dence. Matters havo here decidedly
touched bottom, and passing along to
an upward look. A paitaer of ono of
the leading manufacturing bouses re
marked that ho expected dating the
present month a largo number of buy
ers here from tho West and South weat
than havo been hero before for several
years. Tho purchasers at tho west
that havo attained great proportions
during preceding yearn, aro now visi
bly falling off, and the largo bnyora
aro manifesting their preference for
bnying direct at Boston.
This will havo an improving effect
unon tho market cenorallv. Tho trade
anticipates no moro fail ares this season.
Tho other leading branches of busi
ness are always moro or less governed
by tho rise or fall in the dry goods
and boot and shoe trades, and the same
impetus 1 bat is beiajrgiTsa to those two
is peraeAUBg u me outers. Dte
Trarelhr,
X Tour of the Bebel Prisons.
Mr. P. Houry O'Connell, of tho firm
of Caskin, O'Connell & Co., of this
place, showed us this week a pair of
handcuffs which he bad just received
from his comrade and fellow-prisoner,
Mr. William Bnntr, of Indiana, tho
irons being tho same that bound the
two together when thoy escaped from
tho jail at Columbia, S. C, in 1861,
from which placo t'aey made their way
to the Union army fit Knoxville, Tenn.,
a distance of 350 miles. Tho handoafls
themselves aro of an old and simple pat
tern, which were ecsily unfastened.
with a koy mado from a nail, soon after
getting out of prison, lint tbe inci
dents connected with their use will
cause them to be treasured with much
caro and prido by Mr. O'Connell.
Wbilo Ulking ot tne escape. Mr.
O'Connoll soon convinced as that his
cxpenenco as a prisoner tn tbe bouta
would form an interesting paragrapn
for onr readers, and wo accordingly
here present the same. At the age of
16 years he enlisted at Amesbarr, Mass.,
in Company E. HUi Mass. Infantry.
Was captured before Petersburg, Juno
22, 1804, and sent to Libby Prison, and
from there to Belle Isle, and from there
was started for Andersonville, but
escaped at Saulsbury, and was recap
tared by hoauds (receiving severe
woands, marks of whioh he showed as
on his arm), and confined at Colombia.
Escaped from Columbia jail by digging
under tho wall, was again captured at
Newborn and sent to Sanlsunry, and
from there back to Columbia, where he
was bucked and gagged for 21 hoars,
but fell and out his head at the end of
8 hours, so that ho was let off for the
other 1G hoars.
Two weeks later ho again escaped,
and floated SI miles on a log, down
Blaok river to the Savannah river,
where he was again captured and sent
back to Columbia jail, where he was
confiued in a dungeon for 10 days. Af
terwards made another escape, with
three others, waa captured and sent to
Charleston, and from thoro to Ander
sonville, where ho witnossed the exoea
tion, by our own men, ot threo of their
number for robbing thoir comrades,
From Andersonville ho was again re
turned to Columbia, and from thoro
again made a final oscape, hand-cuffed,
to Mr. Banty, and making his way over
the mouuUtns entered tho Union lines
at Ivuoxvillo on Christmas day, 1SG1,
weighing 05 pounds, against 150 when
ho loft Amesbury. Dunven Mirror.
Wo mar seutitueutalixe about the
sacredneas of human life; we may de
plore tho waywardness of human nature,
which has turued a bright and promising
youug mau iuto a thief. The lurxorablo
Uws of society, written or unwritten, will
hold hlut guiltless who shoots dowu the
man who invades his domestic circle,
bout on plunder. Aud tho mau who
tikes tho ltfu of the iuvadcr under such
circumstances Is appUudod for hit
courageous defeuw. iv. 1', Timti,
'Ike English language is wonderful
for iU aptnssa of expression. "When a
number ot men and women get to
gether and look at each other from the
sides of a room, that's called a sociable.
Whou a hungry crowd calla upon &
poor minister And eats him oat of house
and homo, that's oalled a donation
party. 'Jurntr's Falt$ Reporter.
A Desirable Invention.
Amiaronllv ono of tho most feasible.
and, in many rcs-ectfl, tho most desir-
auio improvement in Heating railway
coaches, is tho device of Mr. Collins,
tno mechanical engineer of tlio i'onn
nylvania railroad. The nlnn is to place
in tho baggage car of tho train a largo
Doner, in which water is to no Heated
This supplies pipes which ran through
tho train, tho connection betweon the
cars being by means of hose. Undor
each seat aro branch pipes connected
with the main pipe. Pour air-boxes
under each car. allow fresh Air to pass
over the heated pipes, thus supplying
Uio cars constantly with pure air. no
hot water is forced lo tho end of tho car
through tho pipos on ono dido, and is re
turned on tho other iy a wortnmgton
lorce pump. A constant stream oi wa
ter is thus forced through the pipes.
insuring a uniform degree of heat. Tho
cars may bo heated to a high fempera
tnre, by rapidly passing the water
through tho pipes, or tba temperataro
inwiiiiu uj rt-unciog luti njK.-eu. .it is
claimed that this method is much more
economical and safer than any other,
prodnces an oven temperature and
avoids tho danger of fire in cose of col
lision or accident. Any ono who has
traveled in cold weather knows some of
tho discomforts and dangers in cars
heated in the ordinary way by stoves.
Eich car requires a separate fire, and
while one car may be too hot, tho next
ono may be too cold; and, at the best,
tho temperotnro is constantly fluctuat
ing. And a hot car fall of passengers
is generally badly ventilated. If a sys
tem of uniform heating by steam can be
mado practicable, the heat can be con
trolled at will by one attendant, and
tho air of the car can bo constantly re
newed with pnre, but well-warmed air,
wtucu will displace the vitiated air.
Such a desideratum is greatly to be dc
sired, and tho inventor who meets the
public demand in this respect with
practical system will do bis fellow men
a good tarn. liaysk-Eyelem.
The World In Miniature.
3ir. uruue, a maker ot was images
in this city, has constructed what is
claimed to bo tho largest globe of the
world, showing tbe ranges of moan-
tains, and other peculiarities of tho
snrfaco of tho earth in relief, now in
existence. Itediameteris f onr feet and
about ono inch, the scale being 1 in
10.000.000. Tho range of even tho
Himalayas wonld not be viniblo upon
tuis globe it tue name scale were adopt
e4 for tbe olavatiowt-.tt for, ,ltta sm,
and accordingly the relief is made npoa
a scale which exaggerates heights
twenty times. The oceans, seas and
rivers are colored blue; thocontinente
are yellow ; tho glaciers, ice-bergs and
floating cakes of ice white. Plains
and mountain ranges aro clearly shown,
and every part of the world is exhibited
in ite true character. Bed, black and
white linen cross the globe to indicate
the isothermal belU. the variations of
the magnetic needle, the date line
where ships correct their logs by skip
ping from Saturday to Monday, and
vice versa, and other facte of like char
acter. Tho map has been corrected in
tbe light of Uie latest discoveries dotrn
to two months ago. The northern
coast ot Siberia has been much altered
in the atlasses by the Kordenskeldt ex
pedition, the ships sailing in deep wa
ter over places marked a five hundred
miles inland, and being compelled to
go hundreds of miles around promon
tories, etc., whioh are occupied on the
maps by bodies of water. Tho globe ia
made of wood. The relief is formed
by wax. Mr. Orabo has been two years
in perfecting his globe, and Chief-
Justice Daly and other geographers
havo lately been giving attention tc it,
X. r. 'JHbune.
Progress at Jerusalem.
Recent letter writers tell as that there
are moro signs of business and social
activity at Jerusalem now than at any
time since the days when it was the
capital of Israel's kings. In and about
tho city many new buildinca aro roior
up and this naturally calls for an in
crease ot agricultural and manufactur
ing interesU in the neighborhood. The
number of workers is growing and the
idlers aro pushed to tho wall as they
should be.
This result is dno not to the efforU of
onr co-religionists in Palestine and
their friends iu other countries but to
tho activity of Russia aud Germany as
antiquarians and colonists. Russia
especially seems bonk upon colo
nising iu the lioly .Land, prob
ably with a view to counteracting
a supposed preponderating influence dn
tne part o( .England, xhe czar looks
with a jealous ore on that portion of
the world's map, and quietly encour
ages a religious fanaticism on tho part
oi iue ureoic cuareu in mai uireoiion.
Tho lower classes in Russia aro ignorant
and superstitious and the same may
bo saw oi the wealthier and moro Aris
tocratic InhabiUnU of that conntry.
Their adoration of certain localities in
Jerusalem is blind, but it is real, and a
large expenditure of money in the way
of pilgrimages aud shrines ia a natural
oonsenueuce. This tends, of coarse.
toward building up business interests
and tho people of Palestine will gather
the harvest of gold that will follow.
Hebrew Leader,
Men op Fouck. There is aIwavb
room for men of force live men ; the
smartest must Uko the lead. Most men
are capable of greater things than they
perform, nnd All require tho proper op
portunity. A feoble man can ee tho
forms that are fenced and tilled, tho
houses and barus that are uotually
built, but a strong man sees possible
houses and thrifty farms.
But little do men peroeire what soli
tude is, sud how far it extends. For a
crowd is no company ; men's faces are
bat like pictures in a gallery, and talk
but a tinkling oymual, wnoro tucro is
no love,
An Eloper Turns Up.
Lieut. A. II. Fletcher, of tho United
State Navy, who, ou February 18,
eloped from Baltimore with tho daugh
ter of his boarding-bonne keopor, Is at
prenont a gnoat of tho aovorninont, or
rathor, of tho officers of tho receiving
ship 81. iAtttit, lying at tho League
Inland Navy Yard. Up to a wcok ago
tho whorenbonU of Fletcher wero a
mystery. Last Thursday week, unac
companied, ho entored tho Mercantile
Hotel, on Tenth street, above Chostnut,
and engaged a room for two days. In
tho evening he indited a letter to Sec
retary of tho Navy Thompson, inform
ing that official that ho was very ill, and
requesting that orders should bo given
for his admission to Leaguo Island
Navy Yard. In this communication ho
complained of troubles in tho bead in
such terms as to convey the impression
that he was not exactly compos mentis.
After mailing tho epistle tho very sick
man found his way to Miller's Winter
Oarden, where ho remained until after
midnight. On the following day (Fri
day) ho displayed great enxtety in re
gard to somo letters which be expected,
and spent tho whole day watching for
the postmen as they went their rounds.
No missive came, however. Oa Satur
day, while Fletcher waa goae for a
stroll, an ambulance from the Navy
Yard Tolled up to the, door cf the hotel
udu awaiieu ms return. nuiwiutwuBi
iog his letter to Secretary Thompson,
FIctchor seemed nervous when he oasae
back and noticed the vehicle. First
writing and mailing a postal card to
somo unknown party, the 'siok"nwa
mounted tho seat alongside of the dri
ver, and was driven to tho Navy Yard,
whero he has sinco remained. The ofi
cersatthia placo acted upon instruc
tions received from the Navy Depart
ment, authorizing them to receive the
Lieutenant and place him under tsedi
cat treatment. Since he has been there
ho has shown no signs d mental aber
ration, although his actions hare betis
closely watched bv those about hisa.
lie is a man of middle size, slender in
build, florid complexion, with the front
part of hia bead devoid of hair. He
has seen nearly forty years of life.
At the timo of the elopement Fletcher
was under a suspension of two years for
deserting from the ill-fated United
States steamer Huron, jast prior to her
departure on the voyage oa whiek aba
was lost. After the wreck of the vesael
he claimed that his actios was eaaaed
by a premonition that the skip weskl
go down. Those who ksow bias aay he
is brimful of pfeaaoattidM. Ha k.a
mnniotl mrn'mA hm aw si" ' .tfrw
elopemeat created a gemmae aaisasiw,
as no one waa aware that he eaterfadaed
any improper feeliBgs for Mies Bailey,
the subject of hk guilty love, who baa
not yet seen eighteen summers. He paid
ovory attention to his wife, who eeesea
from high society, Hp to the hoar of
his elopement.
What action will be takes ia Fteteh
er's case bi the Navy Departateat is
not yet known. It is believed, how
ever, that as soon as the atteadiag phy
sicians havo formed aa opiBtoa iB re
gard to his mental aberratioa allegation ,
he will be court martialed for coadact
unbecoming an officer and a gentleman.
He can also be triod for a breach of
discipline, the articles of saspeaaioa
ordering him to remain within the
boundaries of the State of Maryknd
until the expiration of tho two years.
In the meantime ho may be consid
ered under arrest, aa the oficers have-
instructions to prevent his leaving the
Navy Yard. Philadelphia Record.
...
Au Oriental Novelette.
Under the reign of the first Caliph
there was a merchant ia Bsgdad,
equally rich and avaricious. One day
be tad bargained with a porter to carry
homo for him a large basket of porcakia
vases for ten paras. A they weat
along he said to the man :
"My friend yon aro youBg aad I am
old ; you can still earn plenty ; strike
off, 1 beseech yoa, a para from yoar
hire."
" Willingly," replied the porter.
This request waa repeated again and
again, until, whon they reached the
the house, the porter had only a single
para to receive. As they weat up
stairs tho merchant said :
" If you will resign theUaet pan, I
will give you three pieces of advice."
" Be it so," said the porter.
"Well, then," said the merchant,
" if any one tells you it is better to be
fasting than feasting, do not believe
him. If any one talk you it is better to
tie poor than rich, do not believe him.
If any ono tolls you it iB batter to walk
than to ride, do not believe kirn."
' My dear sir," replied tho astoafaked
porter, "I know these things before ;
but if yoa will listen to me, I will give
you such ndvioe as yoa never heard."
Tho merchant turuod round, and the
porter, throwing tho basket down the
staioase, said to him :
" If any ono tella yoa that oae ef
your vasea ia unbroken, do not balkva
him."
Before tho merchant could reply the
porter made hk escape, thus punish
ing his employer for hia aikerly growll
neas. CoMi.sa Back -ro,LiyK, A little boy
about six years old, who is visiting at
hk uncle's, John B. Moaeley, had a
violent attack of croup. Dr. X(a
bury was called in, but was uaabk ,t
cheek the progress of the disease; Jh
a fow hours ho pronounced the eWW
dead, and Mr. Moaeley started for as
sistance in laying out the body. Ia a
few minutes tho face of the ekUA ta
gan to flush, aud soon after Mm
fuiut appearances of rapiratk, aad ta
tho astonkbmeut of all prsstat la
child opeued hk eyes and VayiB )
Ulk. Though not yet out of tUamr.
thore Is hope of hia reoovery. Jmrfr
ford Couratil, "
Iu virtuo and in ksattk wa tot t? to
rijLl..lu.l &a vr.!! aj ultvttiAltaJ trus
I pleasure Uruyere.
;3
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