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About Eagle Valley news. (Richland, Or.) 191?-1919 | View This Issue
Elomontary Mentality of tho
Mnssos Domonslratod by
FISH MADE FREE BY TROOPS
How Pretty Woman, With Dogs and
Rod Hlbbon, Turned Hostility to
Enthuilaim Man With Red
Umbrella Becomes Per
sonage. 1'arlH. I'olltlcnl happenings Imvo
Micccedud otio another so rapidly In
Russia that French correspondents
there Imvo hntl llttlu (lino to do moro
than occupy themselves with thctn, und
doNcrlptlvu nrllcluH from those Jour
nalists Imvo boon fuw regarding the
effect' of (l0 revolution on tho mass
of tho peoplu mid Its results In tho
provinces mid iiiiioiik tlio peasants.
Ono or two articles, however, Imvo up
pen red which throw somo light on tho
mentality of tho ItunnliuiN, regarded ns
w different from (tint of other Kuro
penns. Ilohert do Flers, associate editor of
tho I'lxnro nnd now attached to Iho
headquarters staff of tho Roumanian
nrmy, hiiH hud month o' Htudy of thu
Russian troops serving In conjunction
with thoso of Iloutimnln, Hero tiro
some nnccdutcs from bin Intent article :
There In n flno lako somewhere In
tho south of KtiHHtii which Ih connected
by n channel with u smaller luko,
where Iiiiro enrp aro mined. The chnn
nel wim burred by netM to prevent tho
carp from passing Into tho larger lako,
and, as food doeii not reach the troop
In tho dlMtrlcl too plentifully nor In
great variety, tho olIlccrM were glad
to vary their menu with the Huh.
One day noiiio hundreds of soldiers
were gathered In n meeting ono of
tlioso meetings which have become n
regular liiNtltutlon In thu Russian army
this year plunged lu deep discussion.
Suddenly there wuh n rush toward
tho lakes and, with cries of "Slobodn I"
"Hlohodnl" ("Liberty I" "Liberty I"),
thu men began to pull out tho barriers
and nuts nnd deHtroy them. Tho olll
corn wished to iirevent tho destruction,
hut tho soldiers took little notice of
their reprimands beyond crying "Slo
bodn I Uloboda for tho fifth I"
A noncommissioned officer explained
the matter. "Fish aro Clod's creatures
nit men arc. Like them, they hnvo tho
right to liberty. Hut men can talk nnd
no have mado tho revolution, while
flHli nro dumb and can uovor mnko
theirs. It Is, therefore, our duty to nld
them becnuso It In contrary to nature
to pen them up In order to enpturo
them nnd easily kill them."
A Personage and Didn't Know It
A mlddlo class functionary, n man
who occupied a modest position In ono
of tho tax-collecting olllces and who
was Imbued with tho narrow, bureau
cratlc, reactionary spirit generally
found In that class, chanced to go out
ono day with u red umbrella under his
nrm. A group of mnnlfestantH going to
n meeting begged him to open his um
brella. He willingly complied, nnd at
once found that his bright umbrella
red being tho revolution's color mado
him a personage. Women threw him
llowers, children were lifted up for
hlin to kiss, and ho was at ouco mado
president of tho meeting.
When that was over ho was conduct
ed In triumph to n banquet, nnd there,
too, ho mado nn eloquent speech, hav
ing discovered himself nn orator with
out having over suspected It. Finally
ho wns conducted to IiIh homo nt a
Into hour by several thousands of his
freo if not enlightened fellow-cltlzcns.
From thnt day, after Inscribing his
namo on tho revolutionary commlttco,
ho bus never gono out without his red
umbrella, always open,
DIVER RECOVERS LOST RING
Locates $3,000 Heirloom Detonglno. to
Mrs. Alexander Diddle In Twenty.
Five Feet of Water.
Rockland, Mo. Tho palm for "And
lug things" mny bo handed with pro
priety to Dob Chase, n Portland diver,
who, being shown a point marked on
tho surfneo by n buoy, went down Into
25 feet of water nnd In four minutes
located nnd brought to tho surface tho
$3,000 family heirloom ring loHt by
Mrs. Aloxnndcr IJIddlo of Philadel
phia. Mrs. Rlddlo lost tho ring off her
finger while launching n small sail
boat. An old sailor marked tho ppot
with tho buoy. Mrs. Mddlo despaired
of over finding tho heirloom until told
of tho wondorful skill of Dob Chase.
Tho ring hna nn amethyst center, en
circled by diamonds. Tho recovery of
this small object from 23 feet of water
Is called tho finest diving feat along
tho Multio coast In years.
Crickets Like Dlnder Twine.
IluBlivlUe, Ind. Binder twine tbla
OF NEW RUSSIA
For month every material, from silk
to tho commonest cloth, colored red,
has been sought for and mado Into
cockades, flags, streamers, etc Tho
smallest fragment of red serves as on
excuse for n manifestation. Hero I a
story of a sqund of Russian soldiers, a
pretty woman, a pet dog, and a bow
knot of red ribbon,
Tho pretty woman was walking op
nnd down tho platform of n llttlo sta
tion crowded with soldiers. Tho men,
whose opportunities of seeing a pretty
woman had been limited for many a
mouth, gazed In admiration and ivcro
prepared to mnko n manifestation In
her honor. Hut suddenly their feelings
showed a clmngo nnd crlos of discon
tent begun to bo hoard. A group of sol
diers went up to thu woman nnd se
verely upbraided her because a bow of
red ribbon was fastened over tho ear
of her Pomeranian dog, Such n uso of
the symbol of revolution wan shocking,
they said, as It showed a wish to ridi
cule tho great movement. Tho soldiers
shouted, shrieked, and Jumped about
excitedly, to the utter astonishment of
thu pretty woman and of tho Pom.
Hut tho woman extricated herself
from nn ciiibarrasblng position with
tho gullo of n true daughter of Hvo.
Shu took tho ribbon from her dog's
head and placed It In her own hair.
Once more tho crowd changed Its touo,
and It wns amid enthusiastic cheering
that Khe, nnd tho dog, took tho train n
A certain general was suspected by
his men of being only lukewarm to
ward the now movement, so n delega
tion of soldiers waited on him to ask
him his real opinions.
"I'll tell you Just what I am." ho said
to them, "and you can tell It to every
one. I look upon my men as my chil
dren and so have no reason not to tell
them the wholu truth. I am a Maximal
ist anarchist. After that I am sure
you won't want any further details."
Tho men went away delighted. They
declared to tho regiment thnt had sent
them: "Tho general Is absolutely all
right. Ho Is co tremendously revolu
tionary that wo couldn't even remem
ber tho name thnt ho snld."
Logic of Freedom.
Two soldiers had hnppcned to speak
to n general and ono hnd used the
term, "your excellency," as was tho
custom before tho revolution. The
other soldier afterward rebuked his
compnnlon for such a lapso from now
"Vou Bald 'excellency' I"
"Woll, of course I said 'excellency.' "
"Uut don't you know that now you
musn't sny 'excellency?'"
"And why musn't wo sny 'excellency'
"What? Why? Becauso wo Imvo
mado tho revolution, and now wo aro
Tho first soldier was silent for n
minutes, nnd then remarked:
"Hut slnco we nro all freo, wo nro
freo to sny 'oxcollency' If wo like to."
Tho other soldier, In turn, reflected
for n minute, and then declared:
"Thnt's true, nfter all. The moment
wo nro freo wo can do what we llko.
It's that, you sco that's so difficult to
understand. Hut as that's really so, I
am going to say 'excellency myself."
Then ho added :
"Hut, nil tho same, It won't bo tho
samo tiling ns before."
Ludovlc Nadcau has found tlmo to
send to tho Temps somo anecdotes
nbout oventfl In Pctrogrnd after tho
In tho early days of tho revolution a
strango-looktng street-sell mado his
appearnnco on tho Novsky Prospect.
As ho woro a scarlet cap, a crowd soon
gathered. Ho was offering pamphlets
nt CO kopecks apiece, and could hardly
hand them out quick enough. Tho nat
ural Infercnco would bo thnt tho work
year has n peculiar flavor that crickets
like, nnd ns a result tho farmers of
Hush county hnvo been nnd nro still
having much troublo with bundles of
whent falling apart when loaded on
tho wagon. Salesmen sny that tho nb
senco of n certain oil, which Is usual
ly used In manufacturing tho twine, Is
tho reason for tho crickets nttncklng
It. They declnro that crickets do not
llko tho tnsto of this oil, and hnvo
never chved tho twlno before.
LIQUID FIRE KILLS BRIGADE
(British Learn Thing or Two From Qer
mans About Uee of Burn
Paris. Tho llrltlsh hnvo learned a
thing or two from tho Germnns nbout
tho uso of liquid 11 ro or burning oil, as
ovldonccd by tho following account In
tho Journal of a German nttnek beforo
"As n German brlgndo was moving
forward from Its covor two English
bnrrago fires took them on tho flunk
and turned them asldo Into a Bunken
road. Tho enemy In deiiso formation,
treated of tho revolution, but, as a
matter of fact, It wns n "History of
Iluddhlsm," bought, doubtless, for n
nominal sum ns n publisher's remaind
er. Ono soldier, ns ho carried away
his bargain, wns heard to say: "I can't
rend, but lots of comrades In the bur
Hcforo tho rovolutlon, pcoplo bathed
naked In tho Neva, but otitsldo tho
town. Now they nro bathing, entirely
stripped, within tho town, and walk
about on tho bridge and quays be
tweon tho Frcncli nnd IJrltlKh embas
sies. Tho men of 1703 woro christened
"sans culotto," (without trousers), tho
men of 1017 nro "sans cnlecon," (with
Tho Petrograd Boldlers, anxious to
Instruct themselves and occupy the
lolsuro that tho rovolutlon has given
them, nro great visitors to tho mu
soums. Their anxiety to Investigate
everything lends them to pass their
hands over tho pictures und caress tho
statuary, (often marking It with their
nails). Notices Imvo been put up beg
ging comrades to touch nothing.
Tho founder and curator of the "Eth
nographic" Museum recounts that his
staff, (caretakers, cleaners, etc.), has
petitioned tho government for the sup
pression of his office, on the ground
that n curator Is useless In a museum,
that he docs nothing, costs money, nnd
Is of no service, as they who carry
tho keys, wield the feather brooms,
and clean the floors aro tho real curators.
How to De a Civil Engineer.
In a manufactory the workmen In a
body waited on tho civil engineers to
tell them that, "the old order having
passed away, thcro must be no more
slavery. Evcryono must work In turn.
So you will kindly some of you go
down Into tho mines, and others Arc
"And who will do our work?" asked
"Somo of us will tnko turns In your
VHut whnt will you do thcrcr
"Tho Bamo ns you sit around,
sharpen pencils, and smoko ciga
rettes." On Sunday, July 8, M. Nnodcau enw
n crowd moving along tho Nevsky
Prospect, carrying banners, half blue,
half yellow. "That's all right." said a
middle-class citizen to him. "Revolu
tionary red seems to be going out of
dnte.'J When tho column hnd np
prooched, It proved to bo composed al
most entirely of soldiers, enough to
form two or threo regiments. Their
bnnners for the Inscription "Long Live
tho Government I" which seemed to
show that It was n patriotic manifesta
tion, but others hurl "Long Live the
Ukralnol" "Long Live Independent
Little Russia I" "Long Llvo tho Inde
pendent Ukraine T
Tho soldiers belonged to the Potn
grad garrison nnd wcro natives of Llt
tlo Russia, manifesting their desire to
bo enrolled ns soon ns possible In the
purely Ukrainian army that Is being
formed In tho south. No ono interfered
with their separatist demonstration.
Somo soldiers whoso bearing was
anything but martial, wero taking up
too much room In a tramway to please
thu femalo conductor, who rated them
vigorously with all tho extraordinary
authorttatlvcncss which women in Rus
sia nlwnyB display toward men. "You,
soldiers! Go on I You only hnvo sol
diers' clothes, that's alll"
"It's a Bhamo to treat n poor wound
ed man llko this," murmured ono of
"You wounded?" retorted tho con
ductor. "If you aro wounded it must
bo in tho left nostril and by a cork
from n bottlol"
Thcso Illustrations of Russian tem
perament aro declared to lndlcato tho
difficult task Kcrcnsky confronts, to
direct such n people nnd to keep them
stendlly In tho path that ho would
hare them follow.
believing himself snfo, gavo battle, ns
"Then 500 cans of burnlnn oil burst
forth from special llrltlsh engines and
enclosed thetfo Huns In their circle
of fire. Yells roso for a moment from
tho sunken rond, but tho barrago Arcs
redoubled and mndo nil action Impos
"A deadly silence soon fell upon the
neap or carnonizeu Humanity."
Vienna Not on Danube.
Vienna Is popularly misunderstood
to bo on "tho beautiful blue Danube."
river, but that mighty Btrcam In Its
long courso to tho Black sen really en
circles tho city somo miles from Its
center. A cannl winds through tho
heart of tho city and connocta with tho
Dnnubo below tho Prater, Vienna's
Tho psaltery was n stringed musical
Instrument to accompany tho volco In
tho prayer book version of tho Psalms
tho Hcbrow word Is given as "lute"
This Instrument resembled tho guitar,
but was larger with a convex back, re
sembling a gourd.
WHEAT CROP SHORT
Allied Countries' Deficiency Is Fixed
at 400,000,000 Bushels Canada,
However, Shows Surplus.
Washington, D. C Of this year's
wheat crop, only 77,690,000 bushels,
or about 11.8 per cent, will bo left for
export to the allies and neutrals after
tho requirements of tho United States
aro filled, unless Americans heed tho
call of tho food administration and cur
tail their consumption.
Experts of tho bureau of crop esti
mates, in calculating this year's theo
retical wheat surplus, havo placed the
consumption at 10 per cent less than
tho normal of 5.3 bushels, as this
year's conditions resemble thoso of
1916, when tho apparent per capita
consumption was about 4.75 bushels.
For tho estimated population of the
country 103,635,000 pcoplo the re
quirement on that basis is 494,830,000
bushels. Seed requirements they es
timate at 87,271,000 bushels.
This year's wheat crop, from the
preliminary estimates, is 659,707,000
bushels, and tho total requirements is
placed at 582,101,000 biuhels, leaving
77,696,000 bushels surplus. The food
administration estimated the allied
countries will have a deficiency of
moro than 400,000,000 bushels of
wheat, basing their estimate on nor
mal requirements. They are isolated
from thoso markets other than Canada
and tho United States, on which they
were accustomed to rely before the
war. Tho Russian supply cannot be
got out and the Bulgarian and Rou
manian supplies are in the hands of
Although Great Britain. Fnarcc and
Italy are vigorously administering and
economizing their food, tho situation
in wheat, according to the food admin
istration, is one 6f great difficulty and
concern. Canada, figures available
hero show, will have a possible sur
plus of 120,000,000 bushels of wheat
and that, added to the surplus of the
United States, will make less than
NORTHWEST MARKET REPORT
Portland Wheat Bulk basis Port
land for No. 1 grade: Hard white
Blucstem, Early Bart, Allen, Galgalus,
Martin Amber, 52.05. Soft white
Palouse blueatem, fortyfold, white val
ley, Gold Coin, Russian, $2.03. White
club Little club, Jenkins club, white
hybrids, Sonora, $2.01. Red Walla
Red Russian, red hybrids, Jones fife,
coppei, $1.98. No. 2 grade, 3 cents
less; No. 3 grade, C cents less; other
grades handled by sample.
Flour Patents, $10.20.
Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $30
per ton; shorts, $33; middlings, $41;
rolled barley, $5557; rolled oats,
Corn Buying prices, f. o. b. Port
land; Eastern Oregon timothy, $27 per
ton; Valloy grain hay, 20; clover,
$20; straw, $8.
Butter Cubes, extra, 4546c;
primo firsts, 44c. Jobbing prices:
Prints, extras, 48c; cartons lc extra;
butterfnt, No. 1, 62c.
Eggs Oregon ranch, current re
ceipts, 50c; candled, 52c; selects, 55c
Poultry Hens, large, 18c; small,
1516c; broilers, 1820c; ducks, 18
20c; geese, 810c; turkeys, live,
2022c; dressed, 2830c
Veal Fancy, 1516c per pound.
Pork Fancy, 2122c per pound.
Vegetables Tomatoes, 50c$1.25
per crato; cabbage, llie per pound;
lettuce, 6075c per dozen; cucum
bers, 4060c per dozen; peppers, 17
21c per pound; cauliflower, $11.75;
spinach, 67c pound.
Sack Vegetables Carrots, $1.25
1.50 per sack; beets, $1.501.75;
Potatoes Oregon, $1.501.75 per
hundred; sweet potatoes, Sc
Green Fruits Peaches, 8090c; ap
ples, $1.10 2.25; pears, $1 1.75;
grapes, 75c$1.76; casabas, 2c per
pound; cranberries, $4.254.35 per
Hops 1917 crop, 3G40c per pound;
1916 crop, 2024c.
Wool Etxra Oregon, fino, 6060c
per pound; coarse, 6560c; valley, 55
60c; mohair, long staple, 55c
Portland Union Stockyards Co.
October 20, 1917.
Best beef steers $ 9.5010.25
Good beef steers 8.00 9.25
Best beef cows 7.25 8.00
Ordinary to good 4.00 6.75
Best hoifers 7.00 8.00
Calves 7.00 9.60
Bulls 4.00 6.75
Stockors and feeders.,.. 4.00 7.25
Primo light hogs $16.8517.00
Prime heavy hogs 16.7516.85
Western lambs 13.6014.00
Valley lambs 12.7514.00
STATE NEWS t
Chester A. Moorcs of Portland is in
Salem to familiarize himself with his
new duties as private secretary to Gov
ernor Withycombe, which will start
Mrs. Harriet Callison, pioneer resi
dent of Lane county, died Friday morn
ing at the family residence near Pleas
ant Hill, where she had made her home
for moro than half a century.
Over 350 men arc said to be at work
in the McEachern shipyards on Youngs
Bay, an addition of 53 employes who
went to Astoria, Saturday to fill posi
tions in various parts of the industry.
Lano county will be the first county
in the state to receive payment of back
taxes on Oregon & California railroad
grant lands under act of congress re
vesting title to these lands in the Uni
ted States government.
Albany has a new industry in a
glovo factory which is being establish
ed there by W. G. Ross and W. J. Mil
ler. The men are beginning the busi
ness in a small way now, but hope to
develop a large glove factory.
Tho Multnomah Circuit court, Judge
Kavanaugh sitting, was affirmed by
the Supreme court Thursday in tho
case of the State vs. Dr. A. A. Aus
plund, convicted of manslaughter in
connection with a criminal operation.
Justice Burnett wrote the opinion.
Work was resumed on the ships in
the Sommarstrom yard at Columbia
City, Friday, about 120 men being cm
ployed. Work is progressing rapidly
on tho ways and buildings for the In
ternational Shipbuilding company and
they will soon be able to lay down a
Several Prairie City school children
narrowly escaped death when a bridge
under which they had taken refuge
from a herd of passing cattle broke
with the weight of the animals and
plunged some of the stock into the
John Day river. All the children es
caped serious injury.
The independent apple growers out
side of the Rogue River Fruit associa
tion in the Gold Hill district are fit
ting'up a large warehouse in Gold Hill
and will begin packing and shipping
Monday. The output of their orchards
is estimated at 15,000 boxes, while the
association's output is estimated at
Mrs. Leslie Bailey, of Bend, charged
with kidnaping and robbing L. A.
Rawlings, an aged rancher living
near her homestead, went on trial Fri
day in tho Circuit court. Mr. Rawl
ings testified that Mrs. Bailey and her
14-year-old son had tied him, searched
him for valuable papers and threatened
him with death before releasing him.
Governor Withycombe in an address
at a smoker given by the Eugene Ra
diators Wednesday night in honor of
Colonel J. M. Williams, newly ap
pointed Adjutant General, paid tribute
to Colonel Williams as a man qualified
for the position as an expert in mili
tary affairs and whose influence would
be of great value to the state.
In a circular letter to employes,
State Highway Engineer Nunn has is
sued a warning against allowing over
time work to go above the minimum
possible for tho best welfare of the
state's program. In another circular
warning also is issued to employes
that the cost of operation of automo
biles in the highway department work
is running too high.
Discovery of a rich ledge of silver
ore in Granite Boulder canyon in the
Greenhorn district, is reported by Otto
Simons, of Baker.
The probabilities aro that the mill
of the Brown Lumber company at Cot
tage Grove, which was destroyed by
fire a month ago, will be rebuilt.
Tho Linn County chapter of the Red
Cross at Albany has earned $2161.95
in serving meals to dratfed men en
route from California to American
Vico President Thomas R. Marshall
will speak in La Grando on November
5. under the auspices of the M. E.
Church. Commercial bodies of that
city are preparing to give Mr. Mar
hall a municipal reception.
With every indication that the car
shortago situation is becoming moro
acute in tho Pacific Northwest, Public
Servico Commissioner Buchtel has
telegraphed Chairman Miller of the
commission, who will bo in Washing
ton soon, to tako tho matter up with
the Interstate Commerce commission
directly, and ascertain if steps cannot
be taken to remedy conditions.
What is believed to havo been tho
wind-up of the necessary legal prep
aration for tho reclamation of tho
marsh lands of Lower Klamath Lake
has just been completed. The lumber
is now on tho ground for tho closing of
tho gates t the railway embankment
over Klamath Straits, which will ulti
mately reclaim a tract of over 54,000
acres of the richest soil in that part of