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About Eagle Valley news. (Richland, Or.) 191?-1919 | View This Issue
Offlcors Aro Incllnod to Follow Stlffneck British System, But French
Domooraoy Is Invading Ranks Our Now Crop of Rcscrvo
Offiooro Aro Greater Sticklers for Form Than
Most West Pointers.
Dy HEYWOOD DROUN.
(Accredited to the Pershing Army In
France by the New York Tribune and
American ICxpedltlonttry Army.-
"Tho most Important fuctor In tho
Atnorlcnn nrmy will liu discipline," said
nn officer shortly after the troops cmno
out to thu trulnliiK camps. "It It twin
good dlsclpllno It will bo n good nrmy;
If It has bud dlsclpllno, It will bo n
bnd nrmy. I citn watch n regiment
stand nt attention nnil toll you whoth
or or not It cim light effectively."
The iiii'Htlon remains ns to whnt Bort
of discipline tho Ainerlcnn nrmy will
lmvo. Home observer any tliiit there
uro two kind of good discipline
French tllHclpllna nnil English disci
pline. Unilor tho French system thero
nro lot-down period. Off duty nn of
ficer mny frnternUu with enlisted men
to nu extent which would scandalize
tho English nrmy. Thin Ih duo, In purt,
to tho fnct thnt tho armies nro com
posed differently. Tho English nrmy
to much moro Ktrutllled tlmn tho
French. It him. iih tho American nrmy
hud before tho wnr, a dlMlnct officers'
class. An Englishman of certain edu
cation received n commlKHlnu iih n mat
ter of courite. Under tho volunteer
nystrm, which prevailed nt tho begin
ning of the war, tho English volunteer
of thu upper or upper mlddlo cIiihs
did not offer hi services until ho wiih
prepared to fulllll tho duties of nn
olllcer. The French draft, on tho other
hand, thrust many n distinguished citi
zen Into tho rank. A sergennt In
the Instruction division hero was ono
of tho most popular playwright In
France before tho war, and tho other
day a grimy little mnn climbed from
n coal cart to tell mo In perfect
English that he had been nn assistant
professor of Itomanco hinguogos In
ono of tho gront American unlversl
lien Cornell, I think beforo tho call
Of course, when tho word English
discipline Ih tixcd It falln short of tho
British army. AtiHtrallan dlHclplIno
and KiikIIhIi discipline nro vnHtly dif
ferent. Thero Ih ii popular Htory about
nn Anxnc colonel In Egypt who drew
up hi men and told them:
"An English Kenernl l coming hero
todny to Inspect tho regiment, nnd re
member, d you, don't call mo '11111'
until ho rocs."
Canadians Well Disciplined.
An Instructor nt n HrltlHh training
cnmp told mo thnt tho Cnnndlnns were
now among the bent disciplined troops
In tho army, but that tho AtiHtrnllnns
Ktlll gave occiiNlonal trouble. "Every
now and then," ho mild, "n couple of
them will Hiicitlt down to tho woods
nnd cam) out nlono for n couplu of
British officers will tell you that, al
though tho Australians light well, their
losses aro much higher than they
would bo with better discipline. If
thero Ih hiicIi n possibility iih an ab
solutely democratic army, It has been
much Impaired by tho poor work of
tho Russian republican army. Tho
scheme of submitting each plan of nt
tack to tho soldiers beforo It Is or
dered cannot bo suld to lmvo proved
Tho question of dlsclpllno In tho
American army Is complicated by ninny
factors. Before tho war thero was n
gulf between olllcers and men fully ns
wide as that In tho English army. It
was not duo to lack of democracy. It
was u gulf founded on fundamentnl
differences of character and education.
VANITY CASES FOR NURSES
Red Cross Lassies Oolna to France
May Deautlfy Themselves to
New York. Ued Cross nurses going
to Franco to do their bit, as arduous us
tho soldier In tho trenches, nro not
being forgotten In tho distribution of
"small bundles of comfort." Tho nrmy
nnd navy Held comfort committees Is
planning 10,000 special "vanity" cases
for tho nurses who will servo with tho
Ainerlcnn troops. Tho articles which
will bu contnlned In tho enses nro:
Ono bottlo toilet water.
Ono rnko toilet soap.
Ono box talcum powder.
Ono tube dental paste.
Ono tubo tollot cream.
Ono vanity box, with mirror, etc.
Though tho retail vnluo of tho enscs
would almost double tho amount, tho
nurses' boxes aro packed at n cost of
It Is bclloved that tho mngnolln was
innracd uftor Maguol do Moutpollor,
On ono hand, thero wan tho oftlcor
class, carefully selected nnd carefully
trained, nnd on tho othor hand, tho en
listed men, hnphnznrdly nccoptod from
tho llontlng population. Professional
untiles tho world over nro recruited
largely from tho Industrially Inefficient
during times of pence.
An Ainerlcnn regular of no grcnt
promise was bewailing tho fact thnt nn
oftlcor hud hopped him becnuso bo
executed a comtnnnd Imperfectly.
"Well," his compunlon answered,
"wouldn't tho funner bnwl you out If
ho told you to feed the horses nnd you
didn't give them ns much as ho told
you?" It was the typical point of view
of tho old typo of professional sol
dier. Ho wris drawn from tho "bawled
out" class and he could bo governed
only by "bawl out" niothods.
Things nro largely changed now.
Moro tlmn half thu American nnny In
Franco Is tiinilo up of men who joined
urter the declaration of wnr. They
were not Jobless or inefficient Multi
tudes of reasons sent them Into tho
ran Us. A few wanted to mnko tho
world snfo for democracy. Many moro
desired ndventure, un ocenn voyngo
and a trip to Purls nnd perhaps Ber
lin. "I was marching my men nlong tho
other dny," said n young cuptnln.
"when I heard a prlvnte glvo tho cheer
of tho University of Nebraska. I ran
up to him imd said : 'You didn't do thnt
ery well. I'm a Nebraska mnn myself.
Let's do It together.'
All Sorts of Officers.
Thero nro then men drnwn from
many classes In tho nrmy nnd thero
will bo more. Alrendy thero nro nil
sorts of olllcers. Thero Is tho regulnr
from West Point, tho occasional regu
lnr from civil life, tho olllcer who enmo
through tho Fort Leavenworth training
school, tho reserve olllcers nnd n num
ber of former "non-coms" recently
elevated to commissions. Tho grentest
sticklers for discipline nro tho rcscrvo
"I wns talking to n soldier In the
street," said an old West Pointer, "nnd
ho was telling mo he had too much
money to spend. 'I enn't uso half of
It,' ho snld, 'and I waste It on things
I don't want. Look nt tho bunch of
cigars I bought. Tako n hnndful.' I
took three, but I wns mighty sorry
afterwards, because I bud with mo n
young fellow, Just commissioned sec
ond lieutenant, nnd ho wns almost
shocked to denth thnt I should tnkc
clgnrs from n soldier."
Tho olllcers who roso from non-coms
nro also somewhat stiff nnd formnl In
tho exercise of their now-found honors.
All lmvo been transferred from their
regulnr regiments, so thnt they nhnll
not bo associated with tho enlisted men
they know beforo they held commis
sions. Somo olllcers believe In lending
their men, while others In driving them,
while still a third class combine the
two methods. Ono of tho best young
olllcers I lmvo seen In tho nrmy Is
absolutely Informnl with his men nt
times. Ho comes to their concerts nnd
hands cigars to the quartette and con
sults with them as to what song thoy
"Cuptnln. do you llko 'Cnthlocn?'"
tho big soldier who snng tenor would
nsk, nnd tho cliptuln would answer:
"Docs It go llko this?" bumming a bar,
nnd then add: "Yes, that's a good ono;
let's havo It." IIo could bo stern
enough upon occasion, nnd ho had tho
best, bombers In tho army, but liked
his men to know tho reasons for things.
German Coal Shortage.
Amsterdam. Tho coal famlno is In
creasing from week to week through
out Germany. Although a largo num
ber of miners havo been brought back
from tho front nnd thousands of wnr
prisoners uro employed In tho pits,
even tho ammunition factories cannot
get sufficient fuel. Tho uso of electric
power nnd gas has been reduced 20
per cent everywhere, but this mensuro
falls to bring relief. Many cities hnvo
been compelled to prohibit cooking
and heating with gns, nnd lnrgo num
bers of towns hnd to shut down their
lighting plants. Tho manufacturers
of war materials havo warned tho gov
ernment that they will not bo nblo to
fill their contracts If tho present con
To Remove Qreaso Spots.
To rcniovo grenso Bpots from car
pets, mix fuller's enrth and magne
sia together In equal proportions by
scraping and pounding. Form this
Into a pasto with hot wutor and sproad
on tho spots. .Tho n$xt dny brush It
off and, If necessary, repeat tho process.
IIo wan fond of letting thum get his
point of view about things. Thus,
when ho found somo soldiers drinking
too much, soon after their landing, ho
called a conforoneo nnd told them that
It hud to stop.
If tho Wholo Army Drank.
"Homo of you tuon aro spending nil
your monoy on boozo," ho said, "and
getting stlnko, pinko, sloppy drunk. It
won't do. A fow old privates got
drunk, but don't copy them. It's Just
becnuso of thnt they're old privates.
I'm going to chooso tny non-coms from
you, hut not tho men who drink. You'vo
drunk yourselves out of n commission,
sergeant. I wns going to recommend
you, but how can I do It now? Just
look nt tho wny 1 seo It. If I took tny
pny In a lump I could buy every saloon
In tho town nnd stay drunk for two
years. ("I had to exaggerate a little,"
ho confessed when ho told tho story to
mo nftonvnrd). Whnt do you supposo
would happen then? Supposo tho
majors nnd tho colonels nnd tho
generals nnd tho wholo bunch got
drunk, whnt would happen to tho
nrmy? Don't forget that this Is your
army as much as It Is mine That's
Tho chief nnd most nblo member of
tho English school of dlsclpllno Is
Oencrnl Pershing. Ho puts tho drlvo
In tho army. Ills Inspections nro
masterpieces of thoroughness and bo
Is exceedingly stern with nil Ineffi
cient, whether they nro officers or
soldiers. Slouchy benring nnnoys him
fearfully nnd ho takes an active nnd
penetrating Interest In shoes, buttons
and bright metal. Ho Is exceedingly
chary of praise. Probably nobody In
tho unny will ever call hlra Papa Per
shing, but for all thut ho Is a Ilomnn
futher to his men.
NOTED BEAUTY HELPS
Latest photograph of the beautiful
Mrs. Ava Willing Astor, first wife of
the late John Jacob Astor, who has
been living In London for several
She Is now devoting her life to war
relief work. She is one of the most
Industrious workers among the society
women and nobility In London. She
seems to be Indefatigable, for every
moment of her time Is spent advantage
Mrs. Astor has won a place high In
London's social sphere, and Is much
sought by nobility. Her daughter,
Muriel, aids In the relief work.
It Is reported that Mrs. Vincent As
tor paid her mother-in-law a visit
while on a short stay in London. Mrs.
Vincent Astor Is now In France aid
ing In the organization of a hospital
behind the lines.
ALLIGATOR FOUND IN SEWER
Employee of Pittsburgh Bureau of
Highways and Sewers, Pulls
Out 3-Foot Saurian.
Pittsburgh. Tho North sldo has
been famed for many things. Now It
is tho habitat of tho alligator.
If you don't believe It, ask Gcorgo
Moul, n perfectly reliable employee of
tho Bureau of Illghwnys nnd Sowers.
Ho bus tho proof on exhibition nt his
homo In Lockhart strcot. Ho got It
yesterday when ho wns seut to fix
n sower In Royal strcot.
IIo hnd lifted the mnntiolo and wns
prodding to reniovo tho obstruction,
when n strnngo face, with rather ovll
looking oyes, bobbed In his rnngo of
After tho first shock Moul grabbed
tho head nnd drow forth n 3-foot nil!
gator. Ho got n ropo nnd led It to his
homo and Is trying to dopo out how
tho Florida nntlvo got this far North.
St. Louis hns ono fuctory which will
this year consumo 100,000,000 feot of
START APPLE PICKING
Harvest of Jonathans and King Davids
Begins in Yakima Valley With
Labor Supply Plentiful.
Wcnatchco, Wash. With tho pick
ing of n big crop of Jonathans esti
mated at 20 per cent of the total npplo
crop of tho valley this year beginning
Tuesday tho outlook for successful
handling of tho yield is excellent.
Thero was considerable picking of
King Davids nnd Winter Dananna last
week nnd somo gathering of Jonathans
chiefly thinnings but tho real harvest
of Jonathans is just starting. In a
few days it will bo In lull blast proba
bly tho Inst of tho week.
Prospects arc that thero will bo no
scarcity of labor. Now thero is a sur
plus. Many idle men aro to bo seen
on tho streets and at the Harvesters'
League it is said that work cannot bo
found for all applying now. Hundreds
of laborers have come to the valley ex
pecting the harvest to begin at tho us
ual time. Instead, they find it a week
or two lato and their services arc not
yet needed. The result is that many
of them nro without work. Neither
tho State Harvesters' league nor the
Federal department of Labor is send
ing men to tho valley. Hundreds of
men and women arc coming to the val
ley on their own account and they arc
having difficulty getting placed. Men,
women and children come by train
from Spokane, Seattle, Everett, Bell
Ingham and other points. Hotels are
taxed beyond their facilities by de
mands for rooms and in several hos-
tclries people wore glad to sleep on
the floors and in hails. Among those
arriving were a party of 35 from Ev
erett who are to work in the Clark or
chard. Milk to Raise to 15 Cents.
Tacoma, Wash. Fifteen cents a
quart and ten cents a pint is the new
pneo confronting Tacoma consumers.
This was announced by Tacoma
dairymen, who predicted that the in
crease would become effective about
All dairy products, including ice
cream, will be affected by the proposed
increase, which will be caused by de
mands of producers for larger quota
tions from condensaries. This will
create a higher market level for milk
and butter to city consumers.
NORTHWEST MARKET REPORT
Portland Wheat Bluestem, $2.05;
fortyfold, $2.03; club, $2; red Rus
Flour Patents, $10.20.
Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $34
per ton; shorta, $37; middlings', $44;
rolled barley, $5557; rolled oats, $55.
Corn Whole, $81 per ton; cracked,
Hay Buying prices f. o. b. Port
land; Eastern Oregon timothy, $27
per ton; valley timothy, $2325; al
falfa, $22.5024; valley gram liny,
$20: clover. $20; straw, $8.
Butter Cubes, extras, 47c; prime
firsts, 45Jc Jobbing prices: Prints,
extras, 48c; cartons, lc extra; butter-
fat. No. 1, 49c
Eggs Oregon ranch, current rC'
ceipts, candled, 4445c; selects, 48
50c per dozen.
Poultry Hens, 17119c; broilers,
2021c; ducks, 1620c; geese, 8
10c; turkeys, live, 2022c; dressed,
Veal Fancy, 2S30c
Pork Fancy, 21J22c
Vegetables Tomatoes, 4070c per
crato; cabbage, lj2c per pound; let
tuce. 5075c per dozen; cucumbers,
4050c; peppers, 67c per pound;
cauliflower, $1.25 per dozen; beans, 6
7c per pound; corn, 30c per dozen;
carrots, $1.50 per sack; beets, $1.50;
Potatoes Now Oregon, 22ic per
pound: sweets, 31(33 Jc.
Onions Oregon, $2.35; California
Green Fruits Peaches, 6590c per
box: apples. $1(2)2; pears, 76c$1.75;
grapes, $1 1.40; casabas, ljc per
Hops 1917 crop, 4142c per pound;
191C crop. 25026c; fuggles, 60c
Wool Extra Oregon, fino, 50G0c
per pound; coarse, 550:60c; valley, 55
fttuOc: mohair long stapio ooc.
Cascaru Bark New 7ic per pound;
Best beef steers $ 9.00 9.75
Good beef steers 7.60 8.75
Best beef cows C.76 7.50
Ordinary to good 4.uu(yi o.yd
Best heifers 7.00 8.00
Bulls 4.00 6.60
Calves 7.00 9.50
Stockers and f coders,... 4.00 7.25
Prime light hogs $17.8518.00
Primo heavy hogs 17.6517.85
Western Iambs $13.0013.50
Valloy lambs 11.7612.75
Wethers 10. 50 10. 75
Ewes , 8.00 9.00
STATE NEWS I
! IN BRIEF. !
Fruit is being thrown away because
there is no market for it, according to
reports reaching Baker from the John
The Supreme court has set Novem
ber 13 and 14 as dates for hearing
arguments in the Hyde-Benson land
William E. Wood, alias several
other names, and M. P. Jackson,
charged with cashing forged checks,
were Saturday bound over to the Baker
grand jury, each under $1000 bond.
Superintendent of Banks Sargent
announces that the banks and trust
companies of Portland had $17,298,
497.08 more in deposits on September
11 of this year than on September 12
J. F. Griffith, representing the Pa
cific Potato Starch company, met with
a number of the business men and
farmers of Gresham at the city hall on
Monday evening, and plans were laid
and discussed for the establishing of a
potato starch factory at that place.
The Public Service commission Sat
urday received word from the Inter
state Commerce commission that that
Commission refused to suspend the
supplemental train's providing for a
new minimums on shipments of lum
ber ami lumber products and the new
trams are effective September 24.
Fred Gross of North Bend, convicted
of having 14 quarts of liquor in his
possession, was fined $200 and sen
tenced to four and a half months in the
county jail. Jed Campbell, who is al
leged to be part owner of the liquor,
escaped the officers while hunting
bondsmen and has not been apprehend
ed. The arrival in Hood River of a Port
land detective Friday to get the bag
gage of C. W. Hilliard. a young man
who registered there last week from
Chicago, caused no end of surprise.
The detective said that Hilliard is in
jail and is suspected of being one of
the cleverest bad check and draft oper
Tho Estacada Co-operative Cheese
association's factory this week paid its
patrons for the month of August, be
ing the third month of its operation,
a total of over $2400, being paid to
70 patrons. This payment was based
on butterfat at 47 cents per pound, the
plant having handled during August
over 94,000 pounds.
Hoyt S. Gale, of the United States
Geological Survey, arrived in Bend
Friday on his way to the sections east
of there where he will investigate re
cently discovered nitrate deposits for
the government. Mr. Gale planned to
go first to Rivers, at the extreme east
end of Deschutes county, to make his
first study, after which he will visit
The Commonwealth Lumber com
pany of Portland has purchased be
tween 12,000,000 and 15,000,000 feet
of timber in the vicinity of Nekoma, a
station on the Coos Bay line of the
Southern Pacific railroad system, and
hia started work on the erection of a
sawmill which will have a capacity of
from 40.000 to 50,000 feet of lumber
daily. Options on other timber in
that section have been obtained by the
October will be "go-to-church
month" in Albany and the ministerial
association is developing plans to in
crease the attendance in all the
churches. Rallies will be held to coun
teract the "stay-at-hoine" habit con
tracted during the summer vacation.
F. A. Pierce, of Days Creek, who
took a number of his long-haired goats
to the California state fair at Sacra
mento, made a clean sweep of all tho
prizes offered by the fair in tho de
partment of goat exhibits. Altogeth
er Mr. Pierce took 14 prizes on goats.
Mr. Pierce also sold a number of his
high-bred goats, one to a South Amer
J. J. McDonald, a rancher, 40 years
old, and Rae W. Clark, aged 20, of
Portland, his farmhand, were electro
ucted Saturday eight miles west of
Freewater. Thoy were moving a der
rick when the cablo came in contact
with tho wire of tho power line, and
Clark tried to pull the cable free. Mc
Donald, coming to the assistance of
Clark, was also stricken. The bodies
had to bo left in the road until mes
sengers could ride to Umapine and tel
ephone to Walla Walla to have the
power shut off.
A. E. Bradley, a rancher of Turner
was acquitted at Salem Monday of a
charge of murder in the second dergee.
Bradley shot and killed Fred Moore, n
neighbor, ono night last month. Moore
had como to Bradley's house and stolen
a load of wheat, Bradley alleged, and
had returned for another load when tho
altercation ensued which resulted in
the firing of the fatal shot. Testi
mony developed tho fact that Moore
had a reputation as a gunman and had
on a number of occasions threatened to
tako Bradley's life.