Eagle Valley news. (Richland, Or.) 191?-1919, October 04, 1917, Image 6

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    191 iflWJIWLI
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Brief Resume Most Important
Daily News Items.
Brents of Noted People, Government
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing.
Much of the country's great corn
crop is now safely past danger from
an ordinary killing frost, weekly
Weather Bureau reports indicate.
A further credit of $40,000,000 was
extended Thursday by tho government
to France. This brings tho total ad
vanced the allies up to $2,466, -100,000.
Judge Richard Scott, of the Wyom
ing Supreme court, for more than 30
years intimately connected with the
growth of Wyoming, died at Cheyenne
late Thursday after n long illness.
The board of naval officers under
Rear Admiral Helm, charged with rec
ommending locations for additional
navy yards, soon will resumo its in
vestigations, interrupted by the war.
Part of the fleet of the Great Lakes
Transit Corporation has been taken
over by the government and the cor
poration will cease accepting freight
at Milwaukee on October 2, according
to announcement.
American engineers are studying
plans for a proposed new direct rail
road from Madrid to Paris. The pros
pective route is direct from Madrid to
the frontier by way of Soria, Pam
plona and Canfranc
At the closing session of the United
Spanish War Veterans' 19th annual
encampment in Cleveland, Baltimore
was chosen as next year's meeting
place. Henry W. Bush, of Detroit,
was elected commander in chief.
Wheat has begun moving at Pendle
ton, Or., again, with the offer of buy
ers to pay farmers $1.50 a bushel,
holding the remainder of the price as
security for commission, moving
charges and other costs of marketing.
General SoukhomlinofT, former min
ister of war of Russia, was sentenced
to hard labor for life after conviction
of the charge of high treason in the
court. Madame SoukhomlinofT, his
wife and alleged accomplice, was ac
quitted. Two important reforms have been
enacted by the Russian government.
The first provides for the liberation of
convicts before the expiration of their
terms, upon promise of good conduct.
Such convicts may be returned to pris
on only after conviction for a new
A round-up of Germans in New York
who have violated the terms of per
mits granted them to enter zones
barred to enemy aliens or who have
gone into these districts without per
mits, was begun Wednesday night.
The arrests were made by policemen
co-operating with officers of the Navy.
About 100 men were taken into cus
tody. Thirteen British merchantmen of
1000 tons and over and two vessels of
less than 1G00 tons were sunk by
mines or submarines lest week, ac
cording to the weekly admiralty state
ment. In the aggregate, this is the
smallest number of vessels sunk during
any one week Bince Germany began
her intensified submarine warfare last
John Pillsbury, of Minneapolis, rep
resenting one of the largest flouring
mills in the country, told the Minne
sota state commission that is investi
gating prices of food, fuel and other
necessities of life that he believed the
price of flour would work down lower
than the present figure of $10.85 a
barrel, mainly because of the excellent
crop to be milled.
Ten thousand Polish-Americans who
will be part of the United States army
are to go into training at once at
Niagara camp near Niagara-on-the-Lake,
it was announced in Toronto,
Ont., Tuesday. They will remain there
until November.
Captain Laureauti, of the Italian
army, accompanied by an observer,
Tuesday made a non-stop airplane
flight from Turin, Italy, to London.
He covered the GCG miles in 7 hours
and 12 minutes.
Half a score of Mexico City news
papers were ordered to cease publica
tion Tuesday on the ground that their
further issuance was contrary to public
morality. A majority of the news
papers closed have been anti-American
in spirit
Advance Two-Thirds of Mile on Yprca
Front and Take Many Important
Positions on High Ground.
Berlin, via London The British
forces In their new offensive in Flan
dors have penetrated German positions
to the depths of about two-thirds of n
mile at several plraces, according to
tho German official communication is
sued Thursday night. Desperate fight
ing is continuing.
London In an attack along n six
milo front Thursday the British troops
captured an Important position around
Tower Hamlets and strong German
field works, according to tho official
report from Field Marshal Hnig.
Powerful resistance was offered by
tho Germans throughout tho day and
they delivered many strong attacks.
"But," say tho British commander,
"our operations were entirely success
ful." British Front In Farnco and Belgium
Another heavy attack was delivered
by tho Britsh at daybreak Thursday
against tho German positions east of
Ypres, and early reports showed that
the assaulting troops had pushed tho
enemy out of many important posi
tions. The offensivo was started along
the greater part of the line that tho
British reached in last Thursday's bat
tle, extending from east of St. Julicn
to southwest of Gheluvelt.
Along tho northwestern half of tho
lino of attack the Britsih success was
marked, but meager details have been
received from the sector of Polygon
Wood and south of that place. On tho
north, an advance of from 1000 to
1200 yards was made quickly at nu
merous places, and it was reported
that strong British troops were en
gaged In fierce fighting only a few
hundred yards west of Zonneboke.
The most important points invovled
in the new offensive, as was tho case
six days ago, lay directly east of tho
city of Ypres, between the Yprcs-Rou-
Iere railway and tho ipres-.Mcnin
highway. Here aro situated thoso
strongly held elevations that still re
main to the Germans out of the numer
ous ridges and forests which formed a
vital part of their defense in this sec
tion of Belgium.
Ex-Ambassador Gerard Will Retire to
Practice of Law.
Spokane, Wash. James W. Gerard,
former ambassador to Germany, will
not be a candidate for President of the
United States at the next election.
He will settle back to the practice of
law in New York.
His chief desire to figure promi
nently again in diplomatic affairs is
that he may be a witness before an in
ternational tribunal to tell of Prussian
brutality. For instance, ho wishes to
see shot the German commandant of
the prison camp at Wittenberg.
These were among the facts dis
closed by Mr. Gerard Tuesday in an
inteview prior to his address before
the Chamber of Commerce.
"We never would have been forced
to fight Germany if we had a million
men in instant readnicss to strike,"
Mr. Gerard said. That argument, an
army in being, is the only thing which
appeals to the Prussian conscience. I
kept on reporting, month after month,
what the people were thinking and
saying about America, and what their
attitude meant. But they would not
believe me."
Regulations Permit Shipments Abroad
to Pay Trade Balances Only.
Washington, D. C. Regulations
governing the exportation of gold, sil
ver and currency, announced Wednes
day by the Federal Reserve board, in
dicate that the government will re
strict such exports to tho maximum
degree except where they cannot be
avoided in settling trade balances.
The board announced as its general
policy that it would not authorizo the
exportation of gold unless it could be
shown that the gold was to pay for a
corresponding importation of mer
chandise for consumption In this coun
try. "In any case," the announcement
says, "authorization will be granted
only where the exportation of gold in
payment for such merchandise is found
to be compatible with the public in
terests." Pacifism to be Attacked.
Washington, D. C. Tho Nation's
war task is to bo presented to tho peo
ple in a Nation-wide speaking cam
paign, in which many organizations
will bo enlisted to attack pacifism and
arouso tho country to tho Importance
of the work it has undertaken.
Arthur E. Bcstor, president of tho
Chautauqua Institution, has been
chosen director of tho campaign and
will co-ordinate the efforts of all organ
izations which participate,
Weekly War Information
7, ' 1 "'Hi r - , t r tf-a: -, -- - ... , .
Brief Stories Prepared Under tho Direction of tho Commltte on Public
Information and the State Council of Defense, and Published With
out Charge by This Paper to Impart Knowledge Ksaentlal for tho
Common (toed.
Red Croat. Tells How to Prepare Sol
dlcra' Christmas Package.
Nothing Bhould go In tho Christmas
package for soldiers, thnt will not
keep fresh from tho time of packing
until Christmas, according to tho In
structions given by tho Red Cross.
By Christmas time tho United States
will have more than 1,000,000 men
under arms and everyone will bo eager
to help them, it If pointed out
Dried fruits and other food products
should bo packed In small tin or
wooden boxes, one-quarter to one-half
pound size.
Hani candy, Including chocolate,
will probably bo safe In tin foil or
heavy cardboard, but no soft chocolate
nor anything that could possibly be
crushed should be used, as tho other
contents of the package might be
spoiled thereby.
Sevoral dainties packed in oblong tin
boxes, each holding n quarter of 11
ixiund, will provide a better variety
for a packet than a larger quantity of
a single confection.
No liquids nor articles packed In
glass should bo placed In tho package.
For wrapping the gifts use a khaki
colored handorchief, 27 inches square,
and form tho base of the packet by
placing on the center of the handker
chief u pad of writing paper about
seven by 10 inches.
Select a variety of articles either
from a suggested list or according to
individual wishes to an amount not ex
ceeding $1.50, and arrange them on
the pad of paper so that tho entire
packago shall be tho width of the pad,
and approximately five or six Inched
Wrap and tie with one-inch red rib
bon and placo a Christmas, card under
tho bow of ribbon.
Wrap tho parcel again in heavy,
lightbrown manila paper and tie se
curely with red, green or gilt cord,
and use Chrsitmas labels or American
flags as desired.
Amount of Fruit nnd Vegetables Re
quired for Winter Use Shown.
The department of agriculture au
thorizes the following:
A family of five, including two
adults and three children under 12
years of age, under ordinary living
conditions should havo stored for each
month of tho winter season tho follow
ing supplies:
One bushel of Irish potatoes; one
half bushel of other root vegetables,
such as carrots, turnips and parsnips;
25 quarts of canned fruits and pre
serves, most 01 this Biiouid come
from tho perlshnblu products of the
many homo gardens of this year,
With these figures an n basis, Jt Is
thought that almost any family may
calculate its requirements, taking into
consideration tho length of thu winter
season in any given ocnlllty. Thus In
the south whero food crojw may be
grown in thu fall, tho winter allowance
may bo less than for thu far north,
where ono must count on supplies for
sevoral months longer.
In using dried vegetables It may bo
assumed that a given quantity of dried
vegetables Is equal to four times Its
bulk of canned vegetables; that Is,
one-fourth of a quart of dry string
beans when soaked over night Is ap
proximately equal to ono quart canned.
Col. Theodore Roosevelt Praise Patri
otic Spirit of American Hoy.
Thu department of labor authorizes
tho following:
Theodore Roosevelt praises U10 pa
triotic spirit which Is being shown by
American boys and young men who aro
stepping in to fill the gaps caused by
shortage of labor on tho farms and In
industry. Tho former president de
clares the boy's patriotism can bo
counted on to mnko him stick where
needed In this time of emergency,
even if higher wages at times tempt
him to go elcswhero. Speaking of
tho value of the boy's working reserve
ho said:
"One of tho great benefits you con
feru Is that of making the boy realize
that he is part of Uncle Sam's team;
that he is doing his share In this great
world war; that he holds his services
in trust for the nation; that though It
is proper to consider tho material ques
tion of his own desires, yet that what
he must most strongly consider at this
time is where his services will do tho
most good to our people an whole."
Civil Service Calls for Performance of
Patriotic Duty.
Persons qualified are being urged
as a patroitic duty to take thu exam
inations for civil service ponltlonn.
Many vacancies aro to be filled. The
government offers attractive salaries
When necessary transportation to tho
point of examination will be advanced
Male and female stenographers ami
typewriters are wanted; also mechan
ical engineers and draftsmen; lnnpcc
tors of field artillery ammunition, am
munition steel and ammunition boxen,
of powder and explosives; inspectors
of ordnance, clothing equipment, hard
ware; leather, business clerks and In
dex and catalog clerks.
Break With Germany Imminent En
tire Army Called Out to Rentorc
R. IL Traffic Cables Cut.
Buenos Aires The chamber of dep
uties Tuesday voted in favor of a rup-
ture with Germany. I he vote was 63
to 18.
The president has power to veto tho
action of parliament, but popular
clamor is such that this is unlikely.
Rumors were current Tuesday that
President Irogoycn was not willing to
breaWoff relations with Germany, not
withstanding tho action taken by tho
chamber of deputies. It was an
nounced that n manifestation would bo
made before tho congressional palace to
demand an immediate rupturo in tho
name of the Argentine Republic.
Tho authorities havo been advised
officially that tho strike in tho city of
Santa Fo during the last month was
fomented and supported by Germans.
The entire Argentine army has been
summoned to duty to aid the govern
ment in attempting to re-establish
railroad traffic at present held up by
tho strike. This action as decided up
on after thu strikers failed to accept
an offer of government arbitration.
All trains will bo run by tho military.
In Cordoba strikers attacked a con
voyed train. Women wore placed in
front of the crowd as a shield. Thero
was an exchange of shots, thrco per
sons being killed and ten wounded.
Several serious clashes between troops
and strikers aro reported from other
cities of the republic.
Tho situation brought about by the
Condemned Dog Is Mascot.
Albany, Ore. Linn county was cx
pempt in tho present draft, but tho
city will bo represented in the now
National army as a local dog joined a
California contingent en rotuo through
hero Sunday. Because tho dog snapped
at a littlo girl that afternoon tho
owner desired It killed and telephoned
to tho police with tho request that it
bo despatched. A troop train camo
in soon after and the dog was turned
over to tho soldiers for a mascot. j
Btriko Is becoming more serious, and it
is feared tho conflict will nsnumo a
revolutionary character if an immcdi
ate settlement in not reached.
Tho city's food supplies havo been
almost cut off. Tho cutting of tele
graph wires has isolated the capital
except from near-by points.
Strikers havo cut the telegraph lino
to Valparaiso, Chile, paralyzing direct
cable to tho United States. The gov
ernment desired to postono formation
of its policy until it received from
Ambassador Naon at Washington
translations of tho 415 telegrams re
ccived or sent by tho Swedish legation
here. These messages were tele
graphed to Dr. Naon with instructions
to send translations.
Distillate or Coal Oil for Autos.
Thero has been considerable talk
lately that tho government would bo
compelled to limit tho uso of gasoline
for autos, on account of tho enormous
amount required for wur puproses.
This will causo people to change to tho
lower grades of fuel, such as distillato
and coal oil.
It has been tho opinion of tho major
ity of people opernting cars that these
lower grades of fuel could not bo used,
but at tho present time thero Is being
placed on the market an attachment
which makes it possible to burn distil
lato or coal oil with better results than
was formrcly obtained with gasoline.
A combination of heat and vapor is
tho principlo of this attachment and It
can bo installed by any one in thirty
minutes, without changing any pari of
tho motor. This invention in being
manufactured and distributed by the
Distillato Gasifler Sales Co., of 711
Clinton St., Porltand, Oregon,
Friendly Feeling Shown.
Washington, I). C Secretary Lan
sing, when pressed to glvo Homo Indi
cation of tho progress of tho confer
ences with the Japanese mission, head
ed by Viscount Ishli, said; "Tho con
versations with Viscount Ishli havo
been of n most satisfactory churactor,
and I think his visit to this country
has been most holpful In benefiting ro
laionH botween tho two countries and
in strengthening tho bonds of friendship."
Viscount Ishli, of Japan, Warns
Nations to Keep Hands Off.
Full and Fair Competition for Trade
Welcomed Door Will be Alwayn
Open to American llunlncnn.
Now York -Proclaiming a Monroo
doctrino of the Far Kant, Viscount
Ishli, head of the Japanese mlsnlon to
thu United Staten, warned tho nations
of thu world Saturday night that hln
country will not tolerate aggressions
agalnnt the territory or Independence
of China. At the same time ho
pledged Japan not to attempt similar
aggrennlonn on her part.
Speaking at a formal dinner In
honor of thu linorial envoy'n vlnlt to
Now York, the ambassador of Kmperor
Yonhihito outlined publicly for the firnt
time since ho set foot on American
soil thu policy of hln government in re
lation to China.
"Circumstances for which wo were
in no nonso renorudblo gave un certain
rights to Chinese territory," Viscount
Ishli nald, "but at no time in the past
and ut no time In thu future do wo or
will we seek to take territory from
China or to (1ckII China of her
Then with dramatic earnestness ho
exoundcd tho "hands off" jwlley of
hln government.
"Wo wish to bo and nlwnytt to con
tinue to be," ho declared, "the sincere
friend and heler of our neighbor, for
wo are more Interested than anyonu
cine, except China, in good government
there. Only we must nt all times, for
nelf-protection, prevent other nations
from doing what we have mi right to do.
"Wo nut only will not seek to assail
tho Integrity or tho sovereignty of
China, but will eventually be prepared
to defend and maintain thu integrity
and Independence of China against any
aggressor. For wo know that our own
landmarks would be threatened by any
outside Invasion or Interference in
While ho boldly warned the world
against any attempt to invado thu
rights of the republic of tho Far Cast,
Viscount Ishli promised with great
earnestness that tho door to legitmato
trade in China nuver would be cloned
by Japan. Thin declaration wan cheer
ed by the 1000 public men, bankers,
merchants and captains of Industry
who heard him.
"Tho door Is alwayn open; It always
has been open; It alwayn must remain
open," he said, "to representatives of
these vast commercial Interests repre
sented so well in this great gathering
of kings of commerce."
Senator is Branded tin "Teacher of
Disloyalty nnd Sedition."
Washington, D. C. A communica
tion from thu Governor of Minnesota
and tho State Public Safety commis
sion requesting tho expulsion from tho
senate of Senator La Follette, of Wis
consin, was presented in the senate
Saturday by Senator Kellogg, of Min
nesota and referred by Vlco President
Marshall to the senate privileges and
elections committee.
Four otlior communications, ono
from tho Washburn loyalty League of
Washburn, Wis., and thrco from in
dividuals demanding tho Impeachment
of Senator La Follottu were received
by Vice President Marshall and pre
sented to the senate In tho usual rou
tine way.
Characterizing La Follotto'a speech
In St. Paul on September 20 before tho
Nonpartitian League as "disloyal and
seditious," thu resolution declares the
utterances already havo served to cre
ate treasonable sentiment in Minne
sota and petitions the senate to begin
proceedings to expel La Follette "hm a
teacher of disloyalty and audition, giv
ing aid nnd?comfort to our enemies and
hindering tho government in tho con
duct of tho war."
U-Iloat Sinks S, S. Tunaqua.
BoHton Tho British steamship Tan-
aqua, fomrorly tho Don of Giurnls, was
torpedoed nnd sunk off tho coast of
Ireland, according to private cables re
ceived Saturday by local Importers. It
is believed tho crow was saved. Tho
Tanaqua waH bound from Glusgow to
Now York and carried 11 general cargo,
including merchandiso for importers
hero. Sho wbb built In Glasgow In
1010 and was valued at $1,000,000.
Her gross, tonnngo was 5101.