191 iflWJIWLI I 1 -it i i if I t . I WORLD P E IS OF CURRENT WEEK Brief Resume Most Important Daily News Items. COMPILED FOR YOU Brents of Noted People, Government and Pacific Northwest and Other Things Worth Knowing. Much of the country's great corn crop is now safely past danger from an ordinary killing frost, weekly Weather Bureau reports indicate. A further credit of $40,000,000 was extended Thursday by tho government to France. This brings tho total ad vanced the allies up to $2,466, -100,000. Judge Richard Scott, of the Wyom ing Supreme court, for more than 30 years intimately connected with the growth of Wyoming, died at Cheyenne late Thursday after n long illness. The board of naval officers under Rear Admiral Helm, charged with rec ommending locations for additional navy yards, soon will resumo its in vestigations, interrupted by the war. Part of the fleet of the Great Lakes Transit Corporation has been taken over by the government and the cor poration will cease accepting freight at Milwaukee on October 2, according to announcement. American engineers are studying plans for a proposed new direct rail road from Madrid to Paris. The pros pective route is direct from Madrid to the frontier by way of Soria, Pam plona and Canfranc At the closing session of the United Spanish War Veterans' 19th annual encampment in Cleveland, Baltimore was chosen as next year's meeting place. Henry W. Bush, of Detroit, was elected commander in chief. Wheat has begun moving at Pendle ton, Or., again, with the offer of buy ers to pay farmers $1.50 a bushel, holding the remainder of the price as security for commission, moving charges and other costs of marketing. General SoukhomlinofT, former min ister of war of Russia, was sentenced to hard labor for life after conviction of the charge of high treason in the court. Madame SoukhomlinofT, his wife and alleged accomplice, was ac quitted. Two important reforms have been enacted by the Russian government. The first provides for the liberation of convicts before the expiration of their terms, upon promise of good conduct. Such convicts may be returned to pris on only after conviction for a new offense. A round-up of Germans in New York who have violated the terms of per mits granted them to enter zones barred to enemy aliens or who have gone into these districts without per mits, was begun Wednesday night. The arrests were made by policemen co-operating with officers of the Navy. About 100 men were taken into cus tody. Thirteen British merchantmen of 1000 tons and over and two vessels of less than 1G00 tons were sunk by mines or submarines lest week, ac cording to the weekly admiralty state ment. In the aggregate, this is the smallest number of vessels sunk during any one week Bince Germany began her intensified submarine warfare last February. John Pillsbury, of Minneapolis, rep resenting one of the largest flouring mills in the country, told the Minne sota state commission that is investi gating prices of food, fuel and other necessities of life that he believed the price of flour would work down lower than the present figure of $10.85 a barrel, mainly because of the excellent crop to be milled. Ten thousand Polish-Americans who will be part of the United States army are to go into training at once at Niagara camp near Niagara-on-the-Lake, it was announced in Toronto, Ont., Tuesday. They will remain there until November. Captain Laureauti, of the Italian army, accompanied by an observer, Tuesday made a non-stop airplane flight from Turin, Italy, to London. He covered the GCG miles in 7 hours and 12 minutes. Half a score of Mexico City news papers were ordered to cease publica tion Tuesday on the ground that their further issuance was contrary to public morality. A majority of the news papers closed have been anti-American in spirit BRITISH MAKE GAIN Advance Two-Thirds of Mile on Yprca Front and Take Many Important Positions on High Ground. Berlin, via London The British forces In their new offensive in Flan dors have penetrated German positions to the depths of about two-thirds of n mile at several plraces, according to tho German official communication is sued Thursday night. Desperate fight ing is continuing. London In an attack along n six milo front Thursday the British troops captured an Important position around Tower Hamlets and strong German field works, according to tho official report from Field Marshal Hnig. Powerful resistance was offered by tho Germans throughout tho day and they delivered many strong attacks. "But," say tho British commander, "our operations were entirely success ful." British Front In Farnco and Belgium Another heavy attack was delivered by tho Britsh at daybreak Thursday against tho German positions east of Ypres, and early reports showed that the assaulting troops had pushed tho enemy out of many important posi tions. The offensivo was started along the greater part of the line that tho British reached in last Thursday's bat tle, extending from east of St. Julicn to southwest of Gheluvelt. Along tho northwestern half of tho lino of attack the Britsih success was marked, but meager details have been received from the sector of Polygon Wood and south of that place. On tho north, an advance of from 1000 to 1200 yards was made quickly at nu merous places, and it was reported that strong British troops were en gaged In fierce fighting only a few hundred yards west of Zonneboke. The most important points invovled in the new offensive, as was tho case six days ago, lay directly east of tho city of Ypres, between the Yprcs-Rou- Iere railway and tho ipres-.Mcnin highway. Here aro situated thoso strongly held elevations that still re main to the Germans out of the numer ous ridges and forests which formed a vital part of their defense in this sec tion of Belgium. WON'T RUN FOR PRESIDENT Ex-Ambassador Gerard Will Retire to Practice of Law. Spokane, Wash. James W. Gerard, former ambassador to Germany, will not be a candidate for President of the United States at the next election. He will settle back to the practice of law in New York. His chief desire to figure promi nently again in diplomatic affairs is that he may be a witness before an in ternational tribunal to tell of Prussian brutality. For instance, ho wishes to see shot the German commandant of the prison camp at Wittenberg. These were among the facts dis closed by Mr. Gerard Tuesday in an inteview prior to his address before the Chamber of Commerce. "We never would have been forced to fight Germany if we had a million men in instant readnicss to strike," Mr. Gerard said. That argument, an army in being, is the only thing which appeals to the Prussian conscience. I kept on reporting, month after month, what the people were thinking and saying about America, and what their attitude meant. But they would not believe me." TO LIMIT EXPORT OF GOLD Regulations Permit Shipments Abroad to Pay Trade Balances Only. Washington, D. C. Regulations governing the exportation of gold, sil ver and currency, announced Wednes day by the Federal Reserve board, in dicate that the government will re strict such exports to tho maximum degree except where they cannot be avoided in settling trade balances. The board announced as its general policy that it would not authorizo the exportation of gold unless it could be shown that the gold was to pay for a corresponding importation of mer chandise for consumption In this coun try. "In any case," the announcement says, "authorization will be granted only where the exportation of gold in payment for such merchandise is found to be compatible with the public in terests." Pacifism to be Attacked. Washington, D. C. Tho Nation's war task is to bo presented to tho peo ple in a Nation-wide speaking cam paign, in which many organizations will bo enlisted to attack pacifism and arouso tho country to tho Importance of the work it has undertaken. Arthur E. Bcstor, president of tho Chautauqua Institution, has been chosen director of tho campaign and will co-ordinate the efforts of all organ izations which participate, Weekly War Information 7, ' 1 "'Hi r - , t r tf-a: -, -- - ... , . Brief Stories Prepared Under tho Direction of tho Commltte on Public Information and the State Council of Defense, and Published With out Charge by This Paper to Impart Knowledge Ksaentlal for tho Common (toed. Red Croat. Tells How to Prepare Sol dlcra' Christmas Package. Nothing Bhould go In tho Christmas package for soldiers, thnt will not keep fresh from tho time of packing until Christmas, according to tho In structions given by tho Red Cross. By Christmas time tho United States will have more than 1,000,000 men under arms and everyone will bo eager to help them, it If pointed out Dried fruits and other food products should bo packed In small tin or wooden boxes, one-quarter to one-half pound size. Hani candy, Including chocolate, will probably bo safe In tin foil or heavy cardboard, but no soft chocolate nor anything that could possibly be crushed should be used, as tho other contents of the package might be spoiled thereby. Sevoral dainties packed in oblong tin boxes, each holding n quarter of 11 ixiund, will provide a better variety for a packet than a larger quantity of a single confection. No liquids nor articles packed In glass should bo placed In tho package. For wrapping the gifts use a khaki colored handorchief, 27 inches square, and form tho base of the packet by placing on the center of the handker chief u pad of writing paper about seven by 10 inches. Select a variety of articles either from a suggested list or according to individual wishes to an amount not ex ceeding $1.50, and arrange them on the pad of paper so that tho entire packago shall be tho width of the pad, and approximately five or six Inched high. Wrap and tie with one-inch red rib bon and placo a Christmas, card under tho bow of ribbon. Wrap tho parcel again in heavy, lightbrown manila paper and tie se curely with red, green or gilt cord, and use Chrsitmas labels or American flags as desired. Amount of Fruit nnd Vegetables Re quired for Winter Use Shown. The department of agriculture au thorizes the following: A family of five, including two adults and three children under 12 years of age, under ordinary living conditions should havo stored for each month of tho winter season tho follow ing supplies: One bushel of Irish potatoes; one half bushel of other root vegetables, such as carrots, turnips and parsnips; 25 quarts of canned fruits and pre serves, most 01 this Biiouid come from tho perlshnblu products of the many homo gardens of this year, With these figures an n basis, Jt Is thought that almost any family may calculate its requirements, taking into consideration tho length of thu winter season in any given ocnlllty. Thus In the south whero food crojw may be grown in thu fall, tho winter allowance may bo less than for thu far north, where ono must count on supplies for sevoral months longer. In using dried vegetables It may bo assumed that a given quantity of dried vegetables Is equal to four times Its bulk of canned vegetables; that Is, one-fourth of a quart of dry string beans when soaked over night Is ap proximately equal to ono quart canned. Col. Theodore Roosevelt Praise Patri otic Spirit of American Hoy. Thu department of labor authorizes tho following: Theodore Roosevelt praises U10 pa triotic spirit which Is being shown by American boys and young men who aro stepping in to fill the gaps caused by shortage of labor on tho farms and In industry. Tho former president de clares the boy's patriotism can bo counted on to mnko him stick where needed In this time of emergency, even if higher wages at times tempt him to go elcswhero. Speaking of tho value of the boy's working reserve ho said: "One of tho great benefits you con feru Is that of making the boy realize that he is part of Uncle Sam's team; that he is doing his share In this great world war; that he holds his services in trust for the nation; that though It is proper to consider tho material ques tion of his own desires, yet that what he must most strongly consider at this time is where his services will do tho most good to our people an whole." Civil Service Calls for Performance of Patriotic Duty. Persons qualified are being urged as a patroitic duty to take thu exam inations for civil service ponltlonn. Many vacancies aro to be filled. The government offers attractive salaries When necessary transportation to tho point of examination will be advanced Male and female stenographers ami typewriters are wanted; also mechan ical engineers and draftsmen; lnnpcc tors of field artillery ammunition, am munition steel and ammunition boxen, of powder and explosives; inspectors of ordnance, clothing equipment, hard ware; leather, business clerks and In dex and catalog clerks. ARGENTINA FOR WAR Break With Germany Imminent En tire Army Called Out to Rentorc R. IL Traffic Cables Cut. Buenos Aires The chamber of dep uties Tuesday voted in favor of a rup- ture with Germany. I he vote was 63 to 18. The president has power to veto tho action of parliament, but popular clamor is such that this is unlikely. Rumors were current Tuesday that President Irogoycn was not willing to breaWoff relations with Germany, not withstanding tho action taken by tho chamber of deputies. It was an nounced that n manifestation would bo made before tho congressional palace to demand an immediate rupturo in tho name of the Argentine Republic. Tho authorities havo been advised officially that tho strike in tho city of Santa Fo during the last month was fomented and supported by Germans. The entire Argentine army has been summoned to duty to aid the govern ment in attempting to re-establish railroad traffic at present held up by tho strike. This action as decided up on after thu strikers failed to accept an offer of government arbitration. All trains will bo run by tho military. In Cordoba strikers attacked a con voyed train. Women wore placed in front of the crowd as a shield. Thero was an exchange of shots, thrco per sons being killed and ten wounded. Several serious clashes between troops and strikers aro reported from other cities of the republic. Tho situation brought about by the Condemned Dog Is Mascot. Albany, Ore. Linn county was cx pempt in tho present draft, but tho city will bo represented in the now National army as a local dog joined a California contingent en rotuo through hero Sunday. Because tho dog snapped at a littlo girl that afternoon tho owner desired It killed and telephoned to tho police with tho request that it bo despatched. A troop train camo in soon after and the dog was turned over to tho soldiers for a mascot. j Btriko Is becoming more serious, and it is feared tho conflict will nsnumo a revolutionary character if an immcdi ate settlement in not reached. Tho city's food supplies havo been almost cut off. Tho cutting of tele graph wires has isolated the capital except from near-by points. Strikers havo cut the telegraph lino to Valparaiso, Chile, paralyzing direct cable to tho United States. The gov ernment desired to postono formation of its policy until it received from Ambassador Naon at Washington translations of tho 415 telegrams re ccived or sent by tho Swedish legation here. These messages were tele graphed to Dr. Naon with instructions to send translations. Distillate or Coal Oil for Autos. Thero has been considerable talk lately that tho government would bo compelled to limit tho uso of gasoline for autos, on account of tho enormous amount required for wur puproses. This will causo people to change to tho lower grades of fuel, such as distillato and coal oil. It has been tho opinion of tho major ity of people opernting cars that these lower grades of fuel could not bo used, but at tho present time thero Is being placed on the market an attachment which makes it possible to burn distil lato or coal oil with better results than was formrcly obtained with gasoline. A combination of heat and vapor is tho principlo of this attachment and It can bo installed by any one in thirty minutes, without changing any pari of tho motor. This invention in being manufactured and distributed by the Distillato Gasifler Sales Co., of 711 Clinton St., Porltand, Oregon, Friendly Feeling Shown. Washington, I). C Secretary Lan sing, when pressed to glvo Homo Indi cation of tho progress of tho confer ences with the Japanese mission, head ed by Viscount Ishli, said; "Tho con versations with Viscount Ishli havo been of n most satisfactory churactor, and I think his visit to this country has been most holpful In benefiting ro laionH botween tho two countries and in strengthening tho bonds of friendship." iNII E DOME E LED FOR CHINA Viscount Ishli, of Japan, Warns Nations to Keep Hands Off. JAPAN WILL DO SAME Full and Fair Competition for Trade Welcomed Door Will be Alwayn Open to American llunlncnn. Now York -Proclaiming a Monroo doctrino of the Far Kant, Viscount Ishli, head of the Japanese mlsnlon to thu United Staten, warned tho nations of thu world Saturday night that hln country will not tolerate aggressions agalnnt the territory or Independence of China. At the same time ho pledged Japan not to attempt similar aggrennlonn on her part. Speaking at a formal dinner In honor of thu linorial envoy'n vlnlt to Now York, the ambassador of Kmperor Yonhihito outlined publicly for the firnt time since ho set foot on American soil thu policy of hln government in re lation to China. "Circumstances for which wo were in no nonso renorudblo gave un certain rights to Chinese territory," Viscount Ishli nald, "but at no time in the past and ut no time In thu future do wo or will we seek to take territory from China or to (1ckII China of her rights." Then with dramatic earnestness ho exoundcd tho "hands off" jwlley of hln government. "Wo wish to bo and nlwnytt to con tinue to be," ho declared, "the sincere friend and heler of our neighbor, for wo are more Interested than anyonu cine, except China, in good government there. Only we must nt all times, for nelf-protection, prevent other nations from doing what we have mi right to do. "Wo nut only will not seek to assail tho Integrity or tho sovereignty of China, but will eventually be prepared to defend and maintain thu integrity and Independence of China against any aggressor. For wo know that our own landmarks would be threatened by any outside Invasion or Interference in China." While ho boldly warned the world against any attempt to invado thu rights of the republic of tho Far Cast, Viscount Ishli promised with great earnestness that tho door to legitmato trade in China nuver would be cloned by Japan. Thin declaration wan cheer ed by the 1000 public men, bankers, merchants and captains of Industry who heard him. "Tho door Is alwayn open; It always has been open; It alwayn must remain open," he said, "to representatives of these vast commercial Interests repre sented so well in this great gathering of kings of commerce." ASKED TO OUST LA F0LLETTE Senator is Branded tin "Teacher of Disloyalty nnd Sedition." Washington, D. C. A communica tion from thu Governor of Minnesota and tho State Public Safety commis sion requesting tho expulsion from tho senate of Senator La Follette, of Wis consin, was presented in the senate Saturday by Senator Kellogg, of Min nesota and referred by Vlco President Marshall to the senate privileges and elections committee. Four otlior communications, ono from tho Washburn loyalty League of Washburn, Wis., and thrco from in dividuals demanding tho Impeachment of Senator La Follottu were received by Vice President Marshall and pre sented to the senate In tho usual rou tine way. Characterizing La Follotto'a speech In St. Paul on September 20 before tho Nonpartitian League as "disloyal and seditious," thu resolution declares the utterances already havo served to cre ate treasonable sentiment in Minne sota and petitions the senate to begin proceedings to expel La Follette "hm a teacher of disloyalty and audition, giv ing aid nnd?comfort to our enemies and hindering tho government in tho con duct of tho war." U-Iloat Sinks S, S. Tunaqua. BoHton Tho British steamship Tan- aqua, fomrorly tho Don of Giurnls, was torpedoed nnd sunk off tho coast of Ireland, according to private cables re ceived Saturday by local Importers. It is believed tho crow was saved. Tho Tanaqua waH bound from Glusgow to Now York and carried 11 general cargo, including merchandiso for importers hero. Sho wbb built In Glasgow In 1010 and was valued at $1,000,000. Her gross, tonnngo was 5101.