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HAS THREE TIMES THE CIRCULATION
OF ANT PAPER IN THE CODNTY.
One-o, natter column...
One half column.......
One column ....
.......1 00 per month
......... 1 50 per month
a 60 per month
......... 00 per mouth
10 00 per month
Business locli will be charged t 10 cents per
line lot flrat insertion and 5 eenu per line there
after. Legal advertisement will In all caaea be
charged to the party ordering them, at legal
ratea, and paid lor before affidavit la furnished
On your ( In itvitnr) , l 60
If inn iniiil In bcIvbui!! , i m
Bl moiitli 1 W
'J'lirwM niniiilii , , , ,. 78
S.iiule (joules , .. 10
VOL. 4. ' CONDON, GILLIAM CO.. OREGON, FRIDAY. APRIL 27, 1894. NO. 6.
THE OFFICIAL AND LEADING PAPER
OF GILLIAM COUNTY. ;
Pl'IIWHHKI) KVKIlY KHJIMY BY
3 LOAN P. 8 H UTT,
Kriltor nd Proprietor.
Kntrrfd at the PunlnfUse at Conttm, Ortgon, iu
tteoiul-dtut mail matter.
Vice i'reslileiit ,. ,
Secretary of Htale
Secretary of Treasury.....
Secretary of Interior
Secretary of War
eocriitsry of Navy
Attorney (Imuirnl ;
Secretary of Agriculture
...... UllOVKK Cl.EVKMIOI
, A 111. I K. HTKVKNMlM
John (i. C'ahi.ihi.k
Danikl s. l.AMllNr
11 II.AItY A. llKKHKRT
WII.NON 8. HlKAKIX
J Htkbi.ikci Monro
Stat of Oriin.
Governor , H. PnHHovaa
Snorut.rv of 81 ate. .'I W. Mollliiba
Trsiirer , Him. Mkthi:hn
Attoruiiy-OeuetHl Mho. K ;iimhkhi,aik
Swot, of fubllc lustruoilou K. U. Mi;Ki.hoy
W. H. M1TOIIKM.
............ ij Ni Doi.ph.
wen Jw. K. KI.I.IH
Printer ....Frank :. Hakkh
(K. A. Mo" kk
if. A, MIH'KI
W. P IXIHII.
K. 8. IICAN.
Seventh Judicial 1I strict.
Circuit Judge W. l Riuiisiiaw
Pr 'oiiIIiir Attorney W. II. WiijkiN
Mjtiii.or slate lloanl J. 1- Luraav
Joint Senator W. W. Stkiwrr
rtviirusuutatlvc I. J. (Ioodhiiiii
Jddg . W.J. Makinkk
Clerk Jay P. I,hi:as
Sheriff. W. I.. WlM.o
Trianinir Hkshkkt IIai.htkaij
Assessor VaI. Wiikici.uk
Surveyor ,'.W. W. Kunnkhy
JchO'i HuiHirlnteaileiil .....I,ti ikn Pahkkh
fmfltonk ln.octor , Lewi A. MiM.ru
Union Faclilo Hallway Time Card.
Train arrl re aud leave Arllngtou a follow.:
Train Na. 3, (wt mall, arrives at Arllugtou at
1 .M A. M.
WIST SOU HO.
Train No. 1, fast mall, arrives al Arlington al
tW Only one train a dy.
llcppncr trnlnn No. sud 10 have discontin
ued iliornn to Arlington, but miika clone con
melons vUlh Nim. 1 and 2 at Willows Junction,
Tar 'Ugh Hi kt sold and Inggaae cliwlied
th rung li to all point In tlie Uuiu-d Stales and
8. COLLINS Ticket Agent.
i R. A. M.-MI'. MOKJAH M.UM1K. No. V!-
i. Slated r-onininnlratlotts on SstHrrisy even
ing on or before full moon of ench montn. So
lofimlng breilirmi In good siairdnis: are cordially
luvli.d to attud. W I W iu;ux, W, h.
J. 11. IIUIjsom, HocrtiUry.
jKUNUTON-KOHHll. HAII.V 8TA0K USE.
K. A. Nnl.on, I'roprlrtor.
rina rao akunuton to
Fo!l V 0U Ketum, f 10 00
MayvJIo 6 on Iteiurn, 00
Cotillon .. 4 0U... '.-, Kctiirn, 7 60
Clem 8 OH..................... Ketum, t 00
Olua I 00 ki-tiirn, t 00
1,-avc. ArlliiR'ou every morning (Humlsy eg
citoii unto', I g, Uilueat Coudun at tr.
and arrive, at Koll at 7 r. M.
Coinlortable coaches and c.reiui, experienoea
A Y P. l-t'CAS, Comity Clerk,
tlOKS AM, tlNBS Of
LAND AND NOTARY BUSINESS
In a neat aud caruful maimer.
QONDON-I.OSK ROCK DAILY BTAOK UNIt.
1. M. Klnehart, Proprietor.
Leaves Condon every morning (Hnndsys eg
rciitcil) a' 0 ;) o'clm k. and arrive at lxue Kock
at U m., via Matuey aud Lot Valley.
rare, a.O0. Itound Trip, S3 80.
t-R. J. J. 1100 AN
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Olfloe Oregon ave., tictween Catholio Church
and ivnldvuce of in P. Mliutt.
Jjtt. 1. T. DODHON,
Physician and Surgeon,
At prcHcnt can lie tound on my ranch al Hay
Creek Unite, tun miles north of Condon.
jQR. J. II. HUDHON,
Physician and Surgeon,
Office and rmldence In the Wiley Miller resi
dence In Booth Cotillon.
Calls promptly attended to day or night.
Attorney at Law,
Notary Public and Conveyancer,
Collections and insnran. Terms reaionable.
Oincu In rear of pnstollltie building, Main street.
W. II. Kill". J. W. Dawsnn. T. H Lyons.
TILLIH, DAWSON ii LYONS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Offices at Ileppnur and Condon, Oregon.
den Feoials Pills
successfully by thous
ands of prominent la
dles monthly. Thor
oughly reliable and
sale. Worth twenty
times their weight In
fold for femalt irrea-
uliiriliu. Never known
Bent by mall sealed
Tbe Aphro Medicine
Vox 97, Portland, Oregon,
roit SALK BY
J,, W. DARLING CO., Condon, Or.
Faber s Gel
13 Bold o A
to cure any form
or any diuonlcrof
FlFFnnr v r.,,luim,ii,.,, ncrrn
tJou,OYcrlnUu!!rcnco.4e.,auriBS Lous of Uriilu
Povvcr, Wnlicfj-rnciii.Lcarinjrdowil Palnslntho
Lock, Hem Inul Wrak wni.ilyttcrla, Nervous i'ros.
1 1 at Ion, NtM'tumal limknlons, l,c lcorrliu', biz.
tinuiM, Wcnk Memory, Utr of 1'oivcrond Imp
eld t?o and Jnwuilty. prko i.oo a boT, 0 boxes
Ii.r 1...U0. Kent by moll on rec'i,,! of price
A WRITaE i IAKANTEJB is glren for
every l.CUfir!trrecvcU, torefund tliotnotiey if
a I'eriunnent c-.ro is not eilectrd. We bate
thotiKanilsof tcstlmonlula fmrno'd and young,
of both soxes. wholiavo been t-rmancntly cured
bytlieusoofAphrodltlne. Clrculurfree, Addrem
THE APHRO MEDICINE CO.
Wdsusru Uraach, EoxILI'outlakd Oa.
ro sai.1 by
h. VT. DAKLINO CO., Condon, Or.
IS THE BEST.
Tie Onlv Machine that will sew BACKWARD
well as PiM( VVAHU withoiitsiopplng. Unlet,
Llglit-Ruuulug, aiijuatnb.e In all its part.
WE SELL TO DEALERS ONLY.
UNION MANUFACTURING CO,
WM, PKTKK, Owner,
SALT LAKE, DENVER,
Omaha, Kansas City,
CHICAGO, ST. LOUIS
1 DAYS to
Uniirc Quicliest to Chicago
nUlIlO ami the East.
Uniirc Qnicker t0 Omaha and
nUUlO Kansas City. .
Through Pullman and Tourist
Sleeper., Free Reclining cnair
Cars, Dining Cars.
8. H. II. CLARK, )
OLlVKlt W. MINK,
K. KLLKRY ANDERSON, Receivers.
JOHN W. DO A N K,
for rates or gvuera lufiirmation call on or address
V. 11. HUKI.UCKT,
( Asst. Oen. Pans. Agent,
984 Washington St., Cor. 3d. PORTLAND, OR
vwr i riuin
CAN I OBTAIN A
PATENT f For a
prompt answer and an honest opinion, write to
M II N N lc ., who have bad nearly lift y years
exfierlenoe In the patent business. Communlca.
tlons strictly confidential. A Handbook of In
formation oonnornlug Patents and ho to ob
tain them sent free. Also a catalogue oltnecbaa
ical and .cIhiiiIIIo Cooks .eut free.
1'iiient. taken tbrough Muiin ft Co. receive
spwlal notice In the riclentillc Amor Icon, and
thus are brought widely before the puHlowtth.
out coat to the Inventor, This snlendld paper.
Issued weekly, elegantly Illustrated, has by fur the
largest circulation of any sclentttlo work In the
world, S3 I year. Ssmple copies sent free.
Building Edition, monthly, tiw a year. Blngla
Conies, 'l cents. Kvury number contains beau
tlful plates, in colors, and photographs of new
houses, with plana, enabling builders to show the
latest designs and .eoure oontracts. Addresa
AlUtiN k CO, Kkw York. 3 til BuosnwAT.
fjf r rrfflsnawrsrnwiiiaw
Important Chinese Decision
WASHINGTON'S NEW CAPITOL.
The Secretary of Washington's Board of
Health Addresses a Letter to Physi
cians Throughout the fUate.
Olympu, Dr. 0. 6. Armgtrong, 8er
retary of tbe State Board of Health, liM
addreseed a letter to the physicians
throughout the State, as follows: "I
am instructed to inform you that the
next semi-annual meeting of the State
Board of Health will take place at Spokane
the evening of May 1, 1804. This meeting
will take the form of a convention. The
State Board desires the presence of all
the health officers of tbe State, to take
part in the discussion upon the various
questions suggested. Ttie objects of the
meeting are tbe establishment of closer
relations between local and State Boards,
the comparison of views, tbe presenta
tion of facts, the discussion of practical
inethodn relating to the prevention of
illness and death and the improvement
of the conditions of the living. Among
the subjects which it is expected wilt be
presented and discussed are tbe follow
" 1. The prevention of consumption.
" 2. The education of the people 'on
" 3. The restriction and prevention of
scarlet fever and diphtheria.
" 4. Restriction and prevention of dan
gerous and communicable diseases from
the standpoint of the School Board, the
minister, the health officer, the lawyer,
the press aud the btate Board of Health.
" 6. Contagious diseases of cattle.
"6. Proposed legislation.
"Authors of papers are requested to
limit them to fifteen minutes, and pa
pers are expected to be original contri
butions, which, when used, are to be the
property of the convention and be left
with the Secretary. Persons proposing
to be present should notify tbe Secretary
of the subject of his paper before the
27th instant. As the State Medical So
ciety meets May 2 at tbe same place, an
opportunity is presented for attendance
at both meetings."
rilOCEEDlNtJ NOT PKEMATCBE.
Important Chinese Decision Hendere
by Judge Morrow.
Sas Fbakcisco. Judge Morrow has
rendered an interesting decision in the
case of Chew Heong in the United States
District Court. Proceedings were insti
tuted to secure deportation of the Mon
golian as an ex-convict under the provi
sions of the act of May 5, 18H2, as
amended by the act of November 3, 1803.
John T. Dare on behalf of Heong con
tended that he was entitled to the full
period of six months to register; that
therefore the proceedings were prema
ture. J uil ee Morrow in an elaborate
opinion states that the defendant al
lowed the year to expire in which lie
might have obtained a certificate of res
idence under the act of May 5, 1802. He
liad an opportunity to secure evidence of
his right to remain in the United States,
bat he declined to avail himself of that
opportunity. So far as he is concerned
.... r.. r ia.o.9 i in fn
and effect, and he is subject to be de
ported from the United States, because
be failed to obtain a certificate of regis
tration as required by that act. It is
true that Congress extended the period
for obtaining a certificate of registration
to certain persons, but not to the defend
ant. Having been convicted of felony,
he does not come within any of the priv
ileges of the extended period, and can
not now or at any time hereafter obtain
a certificate of residence under its pro
visions. This proceeding is not there
WASHINGTON'S SEW CAPITOL.
Fears That the Appropriation Will Re
vert to the Treasury.
Olympia. The Capitol Commission
meeting set for Tuesday last did not ma
terialize, and the reason assigned was
that Judge Burke was unable to leave
his personal business in Seattle. An
other meeting is set for Tuesday next.
These unaccountable delays at a time
when every day counts have become very
annoying to those who desire to see the
building fairly under way before another
session of the Legislature, and the post
ponements from time to time without
apparent reason have had a tendency to
make even the most sanguine lose faith
in the ultimate commencement of work
on the new Statehouse. Certain it is
that personal assurances have been made
by those in power to prominent Olym
pians that the work would be fairly un
The only Pure Cream of Tartar Powder. No Ammonia; No Alum.
Used in Millions of Homes-740 JYears the Standard.
der way before another winter sets in.
but spring is now so far advanced with
out anything having been accomplished
that thoughtful persons are now unable
to see how any amount of work could be
accomplished during the summer even
were a plan agreed upon immediately,
for the reason that much time must nec
essarily be consumed in summoning the
architect, making the specifications, ob
taining contractors' bids, advertising,
etc., to say nothing of the blocks that
may be placed to stay the wheels of
progress in the waj of injunctions and
other legal complications. There are
now two new Commissioners, who have
never seen the plans, and time must be
granted Thomas Burke and J. S. Allen
to make a personal examination before
they can be called upon to make a choice.
Taken all in all, the prospects for a new
papitol are not particularly bright at
present, and certain it is that f 125,000
of the appropriation will revert to tbe
treasury on May 1 next.
NEW COCNTY WAWTEO.
Wahkiakum and a Portion of Paelfle to
Astoria. The question of uniting the
south portion of Pacific county and all
of Wahkiakum county is being agitated
among the people of that section of
Washington. The matter was thorough
ly canvassed during the last session of
the Washington Legislature, and tbe pe
titions circulated were signed by over
four-fifths of the legal voters of Wahki
akum and the peninsula in Pacific coun
ty. The matter of the passage of a gen
eral law regulating the dividing of older
counties and the formation of new ones
will be brought forward when the Legis
lature meets and a stubborn fight made
in behalf of the plan proposed. The
new county thus organized will have a
population of over 6,000. Easy access
could be had to all parts of it on account
of its geographical situation, whereas at
present it requires from two to five days'
time for those people living in the ex
treme southeast portion of Pacific county
to reach South Bend, the new county
seat. AS ASYLUM MYSTERY.
Steward of the Stellacoom Institution
Found to Have Been Poisoned.
Tacoma. Representative Joseph A.
Shadle, Steward of the Steilacoom In
sane Asylum, died on March 3 suppos
edly of apoplexy. Coroner Heska issued
a death certificate naming that disease
as the cause. Later there were rumors
of a mysterious death, caused partly by
the death of the wife of Dr. Bedpath at
the asylum last July under somewhat
similar circumstances. On March 17
Sbad'e body was exhumed at Waus
seon, O., and the stomach sent for anal
ysis to Dr. W. I. Hamlin, a Detroit
chemist, who makes affidavit that he
found atrophia poison sufficient to kill.
The affidavits received here have created
great surprise. Prosecuting Attorney
Snell says he will probe the mystery to
the bottom to see if a crime has been
committed. Asylum physicians say Sha
dle died of apoplexy. No motive for
poisoning or suicide is known.
Hiring; of Teachers by School Boards.
Tacoma. Judge Pritchard has ruled
that School Boards need not wait until
the annual elections in order to hire
teachers for the school year commencing
in September, but contracts made prior
to the annual elections were subject to
curtailment to the minimum term if the
electors so voted. This is the point con
tended for by the teachers of the State,
who have been pushing the case. The
District Boards have also objected to
this curtailment of their power, and the
decision meets with general satisfaction
by both teachers and directors. The
State Superintendent in July last ruled
that contracts by the old board were
void, and this opinion was sustained by
the Attorney-General. The teachers
through Mr. Dewey of the Sumner pub
lic school appealed the case to the Supe
rior Court of Pierce county with the
above result. It will probably go to the
Supreme Court. All the teachers and
School Directors of the State are watch
ing the case.
Timber Land Frauds.
Astoria. F. J. Parke, a special agent
of the Interior Department, is in the
city, with the object, it is understood, of
investigating the alleged timber land
steals in this county. The manner in
which the Montana syndicate, formerly
represented by M.M.Ketchuui, acquired
possession of their large holdings in the
Nehalem Valley will be particularly in
quired into, lew of the many quarter
sections of timber land purchased by
Ketchum for Montana people cost more
than 11,600 or (1,600 each, while some
were secured at a much lower figure, and
it is hinted that a number of parties
were paid by Ketchum to file on timber
land with the express understanding
that the Montana people should have
the privilege of buying the land at a
Honors World's Fair.
Now Before the United States
OYSTERS FOR WASHINGTON.
The Bill Introduced In the) Honse by
Perry of Connecticut to Establish a
Bureau of Interstate Banks; '
Washington CiTr Representative
Perry of Connecticut has introduced in
the House a bill to establish a bureau of
interstate banks. The bill authorizes a
bank to deposit with the Treasurer of
the United States as security for circu
lation " any interest-bearing bonds is
sued under due authority of law by the
United States or any State of the United
States, or by any county, or by any mu
nicipal corporation located within any
such State." It is provided that the
Comptroller shall pass upon the charac
ter of the bonds, and that they shall
meet certain prescribed conditions. A
bank having an authorized capital stock
of not exceeding $160,000 shall deposit
bonds of par value of not less than one
fourth of the stock, and larger banks
shall deposit not less than 150,000. The
United States does not guarantee the
circulating notes as under the national
banking act, but holds the bonds as col
lateral security and is authorized to fell
them if the bank goes into liquidation
at what they will bring. The notes,
moreover, shall constitute a first and
paramount lien upon all the assets of
the bank. The provisions for redemp
tion require redemption in legal-tender
United States coin upon the presentation
of the notes, and also require a reserve
of 26 per cent of lawful money of the
United States. A central redemption
agency is established in the office of the
Comptroller of the Currency, and the
banks are required to keep there 5 per
cent of their outstanding circulation for
the redemption of notes which may drift
too far from the locality where the bank
is established to be presented for redemp
tion at its own counters. This redemp
tion fund differs from that under the ex
isting law by being required to be kept
in coin instead of lawful money.
OYSTERS FOR WASHIXGTOX.
State Fish Commissioner Trying- 'to Get
Eastern Oysters to Plant.
Washington City. James Crawford,
Washington's State Fish Commissioner,
is endeavoring to get a supply of East
ern oysters to plant in the waters of his
State, and has just written again on the
subject to the United States Fish Com
missioner. When Colonel McDonald,
the United States Fish Commissioner,
was on a visit to the Pacific Coast last
year he made an examination of Willapa
Harbor with a view to establishing an
experimental station there to determine
whether the Eastern oyster would prop
agate in those waters. The information
wnich he obtained concerning the saline
character of the water, the native food
and other advantages were consid
ered satisfactory, and he then decided to
send a sufficient supply to make a test
of transplanting and propagation. Fish
Commissioner Urawford now asks that
the promised supply be doubled ; that
when the shipment is made to Willapa
Harbor as many more may be sent to
Olympia to be placed in Oyster Bay. Mr.
Crawford promises to see that competent
men take charge of them, and that all
suggestions and directions which Colonel
McDonald may make relative to their
proper treatment are carefully carried
out. Mr. Crawford has also written to
Senator Squire and enlisted his aid in
the matter. The Senator believes both
shipments can be obtained without much
trouble. Commissioner U raw lord has
also made application for a loan to the
iMate of Washington of one of the large
government aquariums at the Midwin
MINERAL LAND QUESTION.
Supreme Court Now Hearing; Argument
In This Important Case.
Washington City. The full bench of
the Supreme Court has been engaged in
hearing the arguments in the case of
Barden vs. the Northern Pacific Rail
road Company, which comes to this court
on appeal from the Circuit Court of the
district of Montana. The Question is
whether the lands ascertained to be min
eral lands after the grant to the railroad
company are to be considered the prop
erty of the company, Congress having
excluded mineral lands from the opera
tion of the grant. The company insists
that only mineral lands are excluded
as were known to be mineral lands
at the time of the grant, while counsel
for Barden asserts the mineral lands are
excluded up to the time that the patent
was issued. The government is uphold
ing the case of Barden, who was repre
sented by Solicitor-General Maxwell and
W. W. Dixon, James McNaught and J.
J.Carter appearing for the railroad com
pany. The principle laid down by the
court in its decision of this case will have
an important bearing on other mineral
land contests in Montana, and the inter
ests at stake are very large. Most of the
mineral lands along the Northern Pacific
in Montana, Idaho and Washington will
be affected by this case.
Ramsay a Rear-Admiral.
Washington City. By the retirement
of Rear-Admiral Benham Commodore
RamBay became a Rear-Admiral. He
had been for the past five years chief of
WASHINGTON CITY NEWS.
The bill extending the jurisdiction of
the State of Wyoming over the Yellow
stone Park has passed the House.
An old case has just been decided,
which gives Norah Simpson a quarter
section of land near Astoria. The case
has been in litigation many years.
Secretary Carlisle has appointed Ellis
C. Johnson of the State of Washington
a chief of division of the internal rev
enue of the Treasury Department.
The President's Behring Sea proclama
tion has been issued. After reciting the
act of Congress it declares that it is pro
claimed to the end that its provisions
may be known and observed. Every
person found guilty of violation of pro
visions of said; act will be arrested and
punished as therein provided, and all
vessels so employed, their tackle, ap
parel, furniture and cargo will be seized
The Secretary of the Interior has laid
before the Senate an elaborate report
from the Superintendent of the census,
giving a list of sugar refineries that re
fused to furnish statistics to the census
agents, chief among which appear those
of Harrison Frasier & Co. of Philadel
phia and the Havemeyers of New York.
It appears that legal' proceedings were
directed to be commenced, but that in
view of the completion of the statistics
before such proceedings could be con
ducted to a finish the Department of
Juetice was notified not to proceed. '
The Secretary of the Interior has ad
dressed a letter to the Attorney-General
recommending that the contemplated
suit by the government to secure the
cancellation of patents issued many
years ao for the San Fernando private
land grant in California be abandoned.
An examination of the abstract of title
to the grant reveals the fact that these
lands have passed by various means of
conveyances into other hands than those
of the original grantees. Whatever the
equities in this case may be, they are
stale. In regard to the policy to be pur
sued by the government in attacking
this and other Mexican grants in Cali
fornia the Secretary says he does not be
lieve that any general policy could be
formulated. The government will of
necessity have to be controlled by the
facts involved in each case; besides a
due regard for the sacredness of our
treaty obligations should invoke caution
before proceeding to take steps to cancel
so solemn an instrument as a patent of
Horace Brewster, a resident of the
United States, but whose postoffice ad
dress is Ladner, B. C, has camped for
some time now upon the lighthouse re
serve on Point Roberts; which bit of
land in American waters the Canadian
government would like very much to re
gain. Mr. Brewster thinks this govern-
eminent, having never made any use
of the land and not evincing disposition
to do so now, ought to give him the land
on which he has squatted in return for
the improvements and cultivation which
he has put upon it. An interview with
Hon. Daniel Lamont, Secretary of War,
makes it possible to assure not' only Mr.
Brewster, but the Canadian government
likewise, that the United States proposes
to hold this little piece of land vrhich
juts out into the Sound from the main
land of British Columbia, regarding it
as a very important strategic point and
one that might be of great advantage in
time of war. in the meantime there is
no particular objection to settlers going
upon this land, so long as they do no
damage, but it might be well for all such
to remember that while on that land
thev are snbiect to all the strintrent Fed
eral laws which have been enacted to
protect property and preserve order npon
military and civic reservations of the
General Wade Hampton, Commis
sioner of Railroads, has submitted to
the House Committee having supervision
of the matter sundry memoranda on the
various pending bills for a settlement of
the debt of the Pacific railroads to the
United States. From these memoranda
it appears that the Commissioner is op
posed to the foreclosure of the lien on
the roads and the management thereof
by Congress, as proposed by one bill, but
is favorably disposed to the maintenance
of the sinking fund and the payment
into it of a larger proportion of the net
earnings. He says that on the maturity
of the debts of these roads these forms
of settlement with the committee will
be presented, from which a choice must
be made, viz. : first, foreclosure ; second,
maintain the sinking fund and require
that a larger percentage of net earnings
be paid into it;' third, refund the debt.
Discussing the question of foreclosure,
he says : "A foreclosure of the lien, it
is admitted, will not satisfy the debt,
and the sale of the subsidized roads un
der decree of the court would not realize
more than enough to cancel the amount
of the first mortgage bonds, in which
case the United States would be required
to lose its claim or buy in the liens and
pay off the first mortgage indebtedness.
Railway management by Congress, be
sides being opposed to the settled policy,
woald not only be a doubtful, but a dan
gerous experiment. It could not well
be diverted from politics, associated as
the latter is with the attendant danger
of a corruption of the civil service. This
alternative therefore should be rejected."
Under the second form of settlement he
says the sinking fund may be maintained
and a larger proportion of net earnings
be required to be paid into it, so that
not only current interest may be met,
but the principal of the bonds gradually
diminished. This proposition, he says,
has already been reeoaimended for adop
tion in the form of a proposed bill which
was submitted to the Secretary of the
Interior for transmission to the commit
tee. Concerning the question of re
funding the debt the Commissioner
points out that the Frye Senate bill in
troduced in December, 1801, is the same
as the Brown bill introduced in the
House at this session of Congress, and
which provides for the refunding of the