The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942, March 27, 1931, Image 1

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It would be a big job to tell one hundred people any
thing that would interest them in your goods, but its
dead easy if done the right way. This paper will tell
several hundred at once at nominal cost.
In the week but that you do not need stationery of
some sort or other. We furnish neat, clean printing
at the very lowest rates. Fast presses, modern types,
modern work, prompt delivery.
entered at the Post Office at Athena, Oregon, as 8econd-Cla Mail Matter
Gtate Departments Advised
to Cut Expenses Large
Deficit Looms.
A Salem special to the Morning
Oregonian says strict economy in the
conduct of all state activities is urg
ed in a letter prepared by Governor
Meier. Copies of the letter will be
cent to the heads of all state depart
ments, boards, commissions and in
stitutions. "According to the state budget com
missioner," read Governor Meier's let
ter, "the state deficit now approxi
mates $3,000,000. This amount rep
resents a material increase over the
preceding biennium and emphasizes
the absolute need of retrenchment in
state expenditures.
"It follows, of course, that this re
trenchment must be general, and the
purpose of this communication is to
urge you to make a careful survey of
your operating expenses with a view
of curtailing wherever possible.
Among the more important items of
expense deserving close scrutiny are
payrolls, traveling expenses, tele
graps, telephone, postage and sup
plies in general.
"Figures prepared by the state
budget commissioner disclose that the
payroll for the state for the previous
biennium totaled $16,853,039. In addi
tion to an apparent lack of uniformity
in salaries paid," there are depart
ments where the payroll has been
padded and employes are incom
petent. ."The figures of the budget commis
sioner further disclose that the trav
eling and subsistence expenses for
the state during the previous bien
nium totalled - $1,165,685, telephone
and telegraph expense $127,597, post
age $197,215, stationery and printing
$166,285, and general office supplies
"From investigations made of out
side travel requisitions submitted to
me since assuming the office of gov
ernor, I am convinced that travel ex
penditures by various state depart
ments and other activities have been
extravagant and wasteful, not only
outside , of the state but within its
"Sound business principles and
economy should govern the adminis
tration, of state affairs as well as pri
vate business, and I am convinced
that if the same strict economy is
practiced in state affairs as in private
business, public expenditures can be
greatly curbed and the state can be
saved much money during the current i
"The state has been confronted
with a steadily increasing deficit for
several years and by slashing expendi
tures to the bone we can accomplish
much toward wiping out this de
ficiency. By applying business meth
ods and practicing rigid economy you
can help to transfer the financial af
fairs of the state from the red to the
black column on the ledger."
Athletic Association Is
Behind Baseball Team
At a meeting Wednesday evening
of the Athena Athletic Association,
the organization got behind the Athe
na entrant in the four-team baseball
league, and spotted it with a $75 dol
lar boost for equipment, etc. This
financial help will obviate the pro
posal to solicit funds to get the team
under way.
1 Arnold Wood was named as man
ager of the team, with Henry Dell
acting as assistant manager. The
player personnel of the Athena team
is not complete, but with immediate
active practice and tryouts in the of
fing the lineup will soon be announc
ed. "
The league will comprise teams
representing Indian Mission, Helix,
Umatilla and Athena. The playing
schedule will begin Sunday, April 12,
with Athena probably at Helix and
the Mission Indians at Umatilla.
County Tournament
. E. C. Prestbye is in receipt of a
letter from the secretary of the Pen
dleton golf club, extending an invita
tion to local players to visit the Pen
dleton links Sunday, April 5, for the
purpose of contesting in the annual
county tournament to be held at that
time. A number of Athena players
participated in the county tourna
ment last year and the occasion af
forded them a royal good time.
Receives High Award
Competing against representatives
selected from 31 other schools of law
in the United States, Frances E.
Coad, Eugene, third year law student
at the University of Oregon, has been
awarded a fellowship in law at Co
lumbia University. He is a son of E.
E. Coad, who last year was superin
tendent of the Athena schools.
High Class Act
ing Is Witnessed
in School Vodvil
The high school vodvil given under
direction of Mr. and Mrs. Bloom at
the auditorium Thursday and Friday
evenings of last week was splendid en
tertainment for the two large audi
ences that witnessed both presenta
tions. It is doubtful whether any superior
amateur acting ever took place on the
auditorium stage than was presented
by the cast in the one-act drama,
"The Valiant," written by Holworthy
Hall and Robert Middlemas. The al
most perfect delineation of their roles
by Stafford Hansell, the warden
Solista Pickett, the priest Roland
Wilson, the prisoner Betty Eager,
the girl, and George Pittman, the
jailor, held the ... intense interest of
the audience throughout. Roland Wil
son, especially, gave a superb bit of
acting, and collectively the cast re
sponded to the diligent and master
ful direction given it by Mr. Bloom.
The Pirates scene ushered in elabor
ate costuming and good singing. Di
rected by Mrs. Bloom, the chorus by
mixed glee clubs was nothing short
of very, very good, while the boys
glee club in the Pirate Song and the
girls glee club in Caballero, were en
thusiastically received.
Marjorie Douglas pleased in her
dance and an electrifying climax was
"The Death Defying Apache," with
Emery Rogers as Jaques, the man
and Jack Moore, Coquette, the wo
man. Dan Tillev and his band delighted
the audience in "A Hawaiian Gar
den," with very well rendered selec
tions, considering the band has been
organized only since the beginning ol
Ralnh Moore and Garth Pinkerton
were good in two duets, Sweet Jennie
Lee and An Old Fashioned Girl. Mil
dred Hansell impersonated the Girl
and Howard Reeder made a typical
old fashioned Beau.
In the Hawaiian Garden scene,
Helen Barrett appeared to advantage
as the Hawaiian Girl, with r reu bing-
re as the Boy.
fiarth Pinkerton was ill for the
second night's performance, so bedad,
Ralnh Moore hoDDed aton the piano, a
la Helen Morgan, and in good voice
gave the audience Sweet Jennie Lee,
and An Old Fashioned Girl was sung
by Mrs. Bloom. ,
Following is the glee clubs' person
Sooranos Mariorie Montague, Va
lerie Cannon. Mary Jane Miller, Mary
Tompkins, Dorothy Burke, Bernice,
Wilson. Bonnie Alkire. Esther Berlin,
Goldie Miller, Myrtle Campbell.
Altos Mariorie Douglas, Arleen
Myrick, Lorra Ross, Velma Ross,
Georgie Green, Ilene McBnde.
Baritones Stafford Hansell, Harold
Kirk. Walter Huffman. Lester Towne,
George Miller, Glenn McCullough,
Ralph Moore, Garth JPinkerton, frea
Sinirer. Arthur Crowley, tiennie mar
quis, Wayne Banister, George Pitt-
man. Accompanist Betty n.ager.
Rand nersonnel: Trumpet, waiter
trombones. Garth Pinkerton,
Ralph Moore, Leo Geissel; baritone,
Kenneth Rogers; bass, Gail z,erDa;
clarinets, Marjorie Douglas, Emery
Knirprsi T?illv Johns: saxophones, Le-
land Jenkins, Lester Towne; violin,
Aaron Douglas; drum, Bennie mar
nuis: niano. Marjorie Montague. Band
director, Dan Tilley. ......
Methodist Society
The" Methodist Society met at the
home of Mrs. Gordon WatkinS, Wed
nesday afternoon. The tonic Tor con
sideration was "Youth and . the
Movies" and was in charge of Mrs.
Prank' Williams who ably presented
it. Twenty-four members were pres
ent and the following guests, Mrs. R.
D. Blatchford, Mrs. Kohler Jietts,
Mrs. Bruno Weber and Mrs. Theresa
Berlin, the latter adding her name to
the membership list. A social hour
followed the Drotrram and reiresn-
mpnts were served by Mrs. Charles
McFarland, Mrs. Frank Williams and
Mrs. J. U. iiuggins. ine next meet
ing will be held at the home of Mrs.
W. O. Read.
Prices of Wheat
Take a Plunge
To N ew Lows
Gircle Meeting "
A called meeting of Circle num
ber 10, Women of Woodcraft occur
red at Pythian Hall Wednesday night.
The members balloted, and the fol
lowing were elected to membership:
Mrs. Don Wilks, and Mrs. Leon Mill
er. Mrs. Sarah Rowland, district or
ganizer was ' present. Plans, were
made for a joint meeting with , the
Weston Circle to occur Tuesday eve
ning, April 7, in Athena. The visitors
will put on the work and a special
program followed by, supper will be
features of the entertainment. The
Circle will meet Monday afternoon at
the home of Mrs. Stella Keen.
Following Board's Decision,
He Advances a Plan of
Surplus Disposal.
Washington. A renewed demand
for the equalization fee plan of dis
posing of agricultural surpluses was
voiced by republican leader Watson
of the senate in the wake of the farm
board's announcement that it would
purchase none of the 1931 wheat crop.
Senator Watson long has been an
advocate of the equalization fee, which
as a feature of the McNary-Haugen
bill was vetoed by former President
Discussing the effect of the farm
board's announcement, Watson said:
"We have got to have the equaliz
ation fee. That appears to be the only
remedy." ' ; ' '
The Indiana senator said he did not
believe inhe export debenture, which
the farm group supported in the last
congress in the face of opposition
from President Hoover.
He added he did not know what
would be done with the more than
200,000,000 bushels of wheat accu
mulated by farm board agencies, but
said he had been informed that one
third of it already had deteriorated to
such an extent it could only be used
for cattle feed.
The farm board holdings. Watson
said, constitute a "menace" to the
market because they have driven tne
speculator out of it.
t "The sneculator hebed largely to
make the price of wheat," he said.
Adding it would be desirable to re
store speculation.
Senator Couzens, republican, Mich
igan said the "eaualization fee. de
benture or any other artificial meth
od" would not solve the surplus ques
tion. The situation would never right it
self, he thought, until the farmer is
able to sell more directly anu to
spread out his crop sales over a long
nerind instead of dumping all his
wheat on the market after harvest
and accenting whatever price middle
men were willing to pay.
Asked if he thought the xarrn
board should be discontinued, Cou
xi aairl there were many other
functions for the board besides buy
ing and selling surplus commodities.
Abandonment by tne r arm ooaru
rt-f ifa swhpnt stabilization operations
threw open the old question of deal
ing with the farm surplus and
brought immediate demands for the
equalization fee.
The time worn battle cry around
which farm relief advocates rallied as
they marched the old McNary-Haugen
bill through congress to its death
veto by President Coolidge was
sounded almost simultaneously by
senate leaders and a farm organiza
tion leader.
Senator McNary of Oregon, whose
name was attached to the original
farm bill which carried the fee, join
ed republican leader Watson in pro
posing it again.
Chester H. Gray, legislative rep
resentative of the American Farm
Bureau federation predicted the next
congress would strip the farm board
of its power to attempt to stabilize
nrirefl and substitute instead either
the equalization fee or the debenture
Plan. . . . .
McNary, who is chairman oi tne
om-ifiiitiiro pnmmittee. exnres-
aciiabc lb '
sed the opinion that the equalization
fee was the most "practical metnoa
yet devised for segregation of the
Baseball Tomorrow
Eldon Myrick is bringing his Sigma
Chi baseball team from Whitman to
Athena tomorrow afternoon for a
workout contest with "Pike" Miller's
high school hopefuls, The game will
start somewhere around s P- V- ana
will be the first of the season on the
local grounds. Friday next week,
Athena goes, to Helix to open the
district schedule with Bill King's
Grizzlies. Athena high is in a district
league in which the high schools of
Helix, Adams and Umapine are represented.
College Band en Tour
Using two motor stages for trans
portation, the Oregon State college
band, is touring Eastern Oregon, go
ing as far east as Ontario. The band
gave an excellent concert at Pendle
lton, Saturday evening.
Scrapping the World's Shortest Railroad
Chicago. Wheat prices on the
Chicago market dropped to low
ground unknown since 1895 Monday,
sagging 3 to 11 cents a bushel on
1931 crop options.
. The crash followed announcement
by the farm board that it would not
attempt to maintain prices by stabil
ization operations beyond the month
of May, when the 1930 crop passes
from dealing. Action of the market
was contrary to the expressed option
of George S. Milnor, president of the
Grain Stabilization Corporation, that
the news constituted a bullish factor
in the market.
July wheat, representing contracts
on the new crop unprotected by stabi
lization buying, collapsed from Sat
urday's closing figure of 62 -VI to
59 cents, the lowest in 36 years.
June delivery, in which there is little
trading, dropped 11 cents.
At Minneapolis, prices for future
deliveries of wheat slumped to the
lowest level on the grain market there
in more than six months.
The drop followed announcement
by the government sponsored farm
board that stabilization operations
would end after the 1930 ' crop had
been disposed of. " -
Wheat for July delivery there fell
two cents to 66 cents after the Sat
urday close of 68. September wheat
sold one to one and a half cents off,
touch 60.
Flour prices on the Minneapolis
market dropped 25 cents a barrel,
skidding from Saturday's closing quo
tation of $5.10 to $4.85 for family
patents. However, a large concern
emphatically denied the farm board
announcement had anything to do
with the decrease.
Athena Camp Fire Girls
Attend the Grand Council
Dr. Blatchford Returns
Dr. R. D. Blatchford returned home
from Salem, Wednesday. Dr. Blatch
ford was an interested spectator at
all games played in the state bas
ketball tournament, and The Press is
indebted to him for the summary re
port of both the championship and
consolation series, published in an
other column.
Death of Mrs, Tubbs
; Mrs, W. S. Tubbs, mother of Clar
ence Tubbs, well known farmer reside
tog south of Athena, died this week
in The Dalles at the age of 62. She
is survived by her husband end the
following children: Clarence Tubbs,
Mrs. Clough of The Dalles, Mrs. C.
W. Carlson of Kelso and Willard
Tubbs of The Dalles. $.
About thirty local Camnfire Girls
motored to Walla Walla Saturday
night at attend the Grand council
fire at the armory.
The occasion was the 19th birthday
anniversary of the organization and
the affair was participated in by
about four hundred eirls from 31
groups. Twenty-three of these were
Walla Walla groups, two were Blue
bird groups and the remaining six
were from Athena. Milton. Freewa-
ter, Touchet, Wallula, Waitsburg and
Two Rivers.. A representative au
dience of parents and friends were
present for the ceremony.
The processional was led by mem
bers bearing the American and camp
fire flae-s and followed by those of
the British Empire, Argentina, Bul
garia, Japan, China, Mexico and lJeru
where Campfire organizations are
active. "International friendship" was
thus emphasized and is the theme of
study for the year.
Ranks cf torch bearer, fire maker
and wood gatherer, were awarded.
The program was conducted under
the leadership of Miss Florence Crav
en. Camnfire executive of Walla Wal
la. Local people furnishing cars for
the trip included Mrs. Laurence nnK
erton, Mr. and Mrs. Don Wilks, Mr.
and Mrs. Arthur Jenkins, Mrs. Mar
ion Hansell, Mr. and Mrs. Everett
Eager, Mrs. Bert Logsdon and Mr.
and Mrs. A. A. Mclntyre.
Seriously Injured Neck
William Kaser. emrioved at the
Washington - Idaho Seed company
cleaning and grading plant on lower
Main street, sustained serious in
hirv to his neck in an accident which
occurred Wednesday of last week.
Kaser was trucking sacks oi peas
across the warehouse floor when he
slinrjed and fell, his head striking the
floor. Resulting pain in his neck
caused him to go to walla walla,
where examination revealed a slight
fracture of a vertebra. He was
treated by Dr. Cowan and is now
wearing a suitable brace. He is able
to be un and around. Mr. Kaser
makes his home at Mrs. Burden's
boarding house,
Sheepshearcr Visits
Joe Lleuallen was in town Monday
from Walla Walla. Joe has long
been one of. those dependable sheep
shearers who, with the coming of
inline migrates to the sheen camps
and returneth later with a bagfull of
shining simoleons more or less. He
and John Stanton will pool activities
in relieving sheep on the farms here
abouts and in the Walla Walla sec
tion of their fleeces, before going- to
their "big time" jobs.
Work at Well Progressing
The work on the new extension of
the wing feeder to he city well is
progressing under supervision, of
Councilman J. W, Pjnkerton. Sever
al feet in length of the excavation
caved in at 0 oejock yesterday morn
ing, Fortunately the men were not
at work, or there might have been
serious consequences to record. That
portion of the wing was more than
half filled with dirt from tha cavein.
W fe?! i: - -
Will: ssq
" liminnimim inm ll mil IIMHraillxlnlllnii lilnn irj,mm-n.r..r..,...-lTMi.i, ii.nnnnm,..,.u.k.i'ti.,l.,.,.f-Ma-,itij Jj
What was said to be the shortest railroad Jn the world, running for one und one-lmlf miles between the docks and
warehouses on Governors island, has been condemned by the United Stntes army and torn up. Built during the war
to transport stores and machinery on the Island, the railway, with the ofliclal nnnie, Governors Island railroad,
gradually decreased in usefulness.
Pendleton Buckaroos
Bring Championship to
Eastern Part of State
The Pendleton Buckaroo basketball
team, for the first time in the history
of the state tournament, brought the
championship to Eastern Oregon,
when in a hectic overtime period it
defeated Salem 31-29. ;
With the teams tied at 29, Salem
plunged in at a terrific pace but the
Buckaroos, masters of a perfect
checking system held them until
Witherall, guard substitute, loped one
through from a difficult angle for the;
final score.
Pendleton was equalled on floor
work by Salem at all stages of the
thrilling contest and it was the al
most perfect shooting of free throws
that decided the contest. Out of 13
chances Pendleton converted nine,
while Salem had the same number
but scored only three.
The tournament was the mos suc
cessful yet held and the attendance
was considerably larger than in form
er years. Following is a complete
resume of the elimination scoring:
Championship series Pendleton 43,
Tillamook 14; Jefferson 33, Astoria
28; Baker 30, Monmouth 26; Benson
35, Pleasant Hill 19; Ashland 42, The
Dalles 19; Salem 81, Myrtle Point 17;
Jefferson 31, Baker 21; Benson 24,
Ashland 22; Pendleton 39, Jefferson
15; Salem 25, Benson 18, Champion
ship game: Pendleton 31, Salem 29.
Consolation series Astoria 21,
Monmouth 20; Pleasant Hill 29, The
Dalles 31; Tillamook 28, Myrtle Point
16; Baker 23, Ashland 22; Astoria 49,
The Dalles 11; Baker 28, Tillamook
21; Astoria 36, Jefferson 18; Benson
28, Baker 15. Consolation winner;
Astoria 30, Benson 23. :
First team selection McLean, Ben
son and Palmberg, Astoria, forwards;
Kidder, Pendleton, center; Sanford,
Salem ar.d Ralph Ter jeson, Pendle
ton, guards.
Prize Fishing Rod Is
Center of Attraction
Robert Morrison Dead
Robert Morrison, a pioneer of this
county, formerly residing near
Adams, died Monday at Long Beach,
California, acred 67. Mr. Morrison
was a sufferer from heart disease,
but the immediate cause of death was
pneumonia. Mr. Morrison was born
in New Zealand. He is survived by
his widow, one sister,' Mrs. J. O.
Hales of Pendleton and the following
brothers: Richard Morrison of Wes
ton; William Morrison of Moro and
G. M. Morrison of Adams.
Business Men Will
Breakfast at Hotel
Nurses to Giv.e Dance
The nurses of St. Anthony's hos
pital at Pendleton, will give their an
nual ball at the Fletcher ball room
in that city on Tuesday evening,
April 7. Four nurses from the hos
pital were in Athena Saturday sell
ing admission tickets.
Athena business men will be invit
ed to breakfast at Athena Hotel
Wednesday morning at 8 o'clock, by
the landlady, Mrs. Laura Froome. In
vitational announcements will be re
ceived through the mail.
The breakfast is being sponsored
by Mrs. Froome with the view to
bringing the business men of Athena
together for a social hour, and she is
being assisted in arrangements by C.
E. O. Montague.
There will be a program and a
toastmaster will preside at the break
fast table. In the nature of a good
will meeting, short talks will be made
on subjects by those who may be
called upon to speak. The affair is
to be entirely informal
EJ.,.i .J Ca LivtDUetusiont
on Vital Phases
of Oregon Wtlfart
The season's new stock of fishing
tackle is on display at the Rogers &
Goodman hardware store. It includes
a gorgeous array of flies, spinners,
spoons, rod3, reels, lines, leaders and
baskets. The center of attraction,
however, is a fine fly rod which tht
firm offers for the longest trout
caught in Umatilla county by an
angler residing " in the Athena dis
trict, including Adams and Weston.
For several years Rogers & Good
man have awarded prize rods for the
largest trout taken from Umatilla
county streams. Last year the prize
went to Arthur Jenkins who took a
whale of a rainbow from the Uma
tilla river, near Thorn Hollow. Dick
Swift was runnerup with a fine rttm
bow caught in the Umatilla, near No
lin in the west part of the county,
The year before, John Hager of
Gibbon, took the prize rod with a
doily varden caught Jn Mill creek, in
the east end of the county,
Will Kirk Rese.2ding
Will Kirk, who farms extensively
on the high ground southest of Athe
na is compelled to reseed his wheat
crop on account of freeaing out. Mr.
Kirk has 600 acres in crop and the
greater portion of it will require re
seeding. Conditions different to those
applicable to lower ground have been
in evidence for some time. During
the night the soil has been freezing
and a crust would raise, exposing the
nlant roots. This process, it is said.
caused the destruction of the. grow
ing plant- XP conditions in, yie im
mediate vicinity pf Athena are con
sidered as being very favorable, and
no reseedmg is araicipatea.
- G(it the Lan
John Kowalski a Baltimore black
smith, convicted of beating his ill
wife, was given ten lashes with a cat
o'nine tails whip by Sheriff Joseph
'Deegan in tha Baltimore jail. "
By Dr. Arnold Bennett Hall
President, University ot Oregon
Editor's note:. This is the second of k series
of live articles written on education by Dr.
Arnold Bennett Hall, president of the Univer
sity of Oregon. Otbors will follow at regular
As habits of critical thinking are
essential to an effective democracy,
so are they essential to the intelligent
planning of one'B own life. How many
students have drifted into certain pro
fessions merely because their par
ents happened to be so engaged or
because their friends were or through
so other accident or caprice? How
many young people fail to accomplish
successfully the tasks they undertake
merely because they do not make any
serious attempt to analyze the nature
of their task, their own aptitudes,
abilities, and analyze the nature of
their own efforts ?
Habits of critical thinking, of ac
curate observation applied to the com
monplace affairs of life would yield
dividends both of material and spiri
tual happiness that could scarcely be
Problem Recognized
The University recognizes this prob
lem and !s trying to reorganize its
courses and ideas and teaching meth
ods so that they will train students
in habits of critical thinking rather
than in merely rrfemorizing the con
tents of a course. The University is
now carrying on experiments In the
relative efficiency of different meth
ods of attaining this end. A good
deal of attention is being given by
certain teachers to the development
of the "problem'' or "project" method.
Here the emphasis is upon problem
solving. The students are given cer
f tain problems as practical and real
i istic as they can be made. Thcua nrnh.
! lems require analysis, careful think-
1 ; Ing, and the exercise of sound judg
ment In the application of principles.
Students are encouraged not to ac
cept their textbook as Gospel truth,
but to attack it critically, seeking to
detect any possible flaws and trying
to use it as a means of developing
their own critical powers.
The spirit we are trying to gen
erate is more the spirit of curiosity,
of rocnarch, of fact-finding, than it
is of memorizing the statements of
authorities, however profound and
valuable they may be.
This sometimes occasions dissen
sion in. the home. Under these prin
ciples e( Instruction students often
begin to find that they differ with
political or economic or social theories
that they have held before. It is a
test of the parents' real breadth of
vision and real devotion to their chll
dren when they come home from th
University and begin to differ with
parents abeut some of the. current
problems cf life. Recently a parent
am to m;, "ia'it University has ruin
ed my ch;!d. It has changed his noli.
tict . He now differs with us on many
problems where we know we are
If this oarent were correct, then
he should not have sent his son to tha
TTrtivaraif.V tiananaa if ta fliA knatnAaa
of a university not to teach the stu-'1'
aent to tnmk as the professors think
or to think as the parents think, but
to think Independently, to think hon
estly, and to seek the truth fearlessly.
When this is done, if the students
have any Individuality of their own,
it is almost inevitable that they will
find themselves in occasional conflict
with some of the traditional think
ing of their parents.
Discussion Urged
This should be an occasion for mu
tual counsel and intelligent discus
sion in the family circle. The habit
of thinkintr that has been established
at the University should be encour
aged. Mistaken views, the result of
an inadequate or an immature con
ception of the facts, may be righted,
not by the authority of the home, but
oy the persuasive power of evidence
and reason.
It is difficult to sret vounir neonla
to observe critically and to analyze
accurately, and if the parents will, in
the spirit of friendly criticism, en-
courage such critical discussions they
can make a great contribution to the
efficiency of the University in striv
ing to train its students in the habits
of intelligent thinking and critical
The second intellectual element in
training one's individual resources for
the problems of life is the develop,
ment of a spirit of tolerance, of in
tellectual integrity, of objective open-
mlndedness. Merely to develop habits
of critical analysis alone tends fre
quently to develop a certain cynical
or flippant attitude toward life. With
the habits of critical analysis and
thinking must go a genuine love of
truth. We must motivate youth with
a fine sense of intellectual integrity.
Otherwise, he may become clever.
rather than profound. He may be
come smart, rather than wise. He
may be brilliantly destmctivn with.
out being helpfully constructive.
mat is the reason we like to In
sist upon the spirit of research as a
characteristic of our undergraduate
Instruction, as well as a necessary ele
ment in our graduate work. That is
the reason we try to arrange our
courses in order to stimulate the cur
iosity of the student. We like to
vitalize his study by giving it tha
delights of intellectual discovery.
When he takes a problem and finally
works his way to a solution, has the
thrill of intellectual accomplishment,
and catches the enthusiasm of the
scholar who seeks to discover new
facts of life and insight into human
understanding, then he is beginning ta
reverence truth. He is then rcaiy
to understand the nobility of lntii
lectual Integrity,