The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942, April 27, 1928, Image 3

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    House, May Be, Shrine,
I Elizabeth, N. J. One of the oldest
homesteads In New Jersey Is the
stanch Hetfleld house, built on ' the
banks of the Elizabeth river at the
jfoot of Pearl street here before Co
lonial times. Sold recently by a de
scendant of Its second owner with the
provision that the house, rich In leg
end and the homeof nine generations,
be preserved, It has been offered as
a Colonial shrine or headquarters to
the historical and patriotic societies
1, trf inllMiiniii mi
Foulard and flat crepe makes the
Ideal spring ensemble. This model Is
In red and white foulard trimmed with
a Jabot of white flnt crepe and worn
with a red flat crepe coat, lined and
trimmed In the foulard.
of this city by Mason Eirkland, the
present owner.
Miss Emily Hetfleld, of the ninth
generation of the Revolutionary fam
ily, will contribute to the shrine from
her store of Colonial furniture, pic
tures, legal documents and other rel
Ics. A wealth of historic material re
mained In the house from the days
before the Revolution until 20 years
ago, when Miss Hetfleld and her moth
er moved to a more modern home.
Built by Skipper.
The house was built In 1066-7 by
Abraham Lubberson, skipper of a Hud
son river fleet and a resident of New
Amsterdam. After a few years he
sold the property to Matthias Hatfield,
who had come to Elizabeth from New
Haven, Conn., although originally the
family lived In Hatfield, England,
whence was derived the name.
The change of the second letter in
the name from "a" to "e" occurred
during the early days of the Revolu
tion. . Many houses were divided
against themselves in those times and
the Hatfleids were not an exception.
Several members of the family chose
to remain loyal to the Crown and left
the homestead to Join the British col
ony on Staten Island. The others,
conceived the Idea of changing the
spelling of the name to sever kinship
with the royalists. The revised ver
sion has been retained by all succeed
ing generations.
Tradition tells of exciting doings
at the house in the days when the
Republic was in the making. Many
of these are confirmed by the papers
and parchments that Miss Hetfleld re
tains. One chapter In the historical lore
transmitted tells of the secret tunnel.
This chapter Is sufficiently clear to
enable Miss Hetfleld to eay that the
tunnel once existed, although Its lo
cation is unknown. Whether It has
been entirely filled np, or whether
only Its entrances have been sealed
by time or by Intent Is not known.
The legend says that it led from the
house to the water's edge in the river.
Among the objects In the house
were glass platters from which five
been served ; a Hessian cannon ball,
"generations" of wedding cake have
five Inches In diameter, but of great
weight; sconces, elaborate tn gilt
about the huge, round mirrors; a tom
ahawk left on the homestead by a
marauding Indian and pictures juade
by processes no longer known.
Better Grade Diamonds
to Be More Expensive
London. Good diamonds are to be
more expensive, according to S. B.
Joel, member of the diamond syndi
cate here which controls the price.
"Stones of three carats and upwards
will be affected and the minimum
Increase will be 5 per cent," he said.
"This Increase has resulted from the
big demand for good stones. There
is a glut of the small stones produced
from the alluvial workings, but for
the big stones there Is a big demand.
v. .,.
111 -- '
Marines on Their Way to Nicaragua
' list ;
A view taken from the bow of the D. S. S. Milwaukee, en route from
luutmou, e. u., to uorinto, Nicaragua. The Forty-seventh company of
tf niln rn 1 1K 9 n M - .. ...
iMuwucs, iuu uitru uu a umcers, was oDoara. xne u. 8. s. italeich Is od
uucau. j-ijc amps are passing uirougo ine rearo Miguel locus id tlie Pan-
uuja uuuui.
Collage Men Give
Advice to Coeds
The photograph shows Ralph Green-
leaf, who, falling to crack under the
strain of a bard tournament at Chi.
cago, regained his national pocket bil
liard championship.
In addition to giving him the title.
the major share of $5,000 prize money.
and a large percentage of the care re
ceipts, Greenleaf won the $250 month
ly pay which goes with the title.
Rochester, N. Y. Feeling that It Is
easier to tell a woman "what not to
do" than "what to do," members of
the men's college of the Cnlversity of
Rochester have assumed the role of
bfg brother to their fair sisters of the
women's college.
Through the medium of the Campus,
college undergraduate publication, the
men are offering their advice to all
coeds free.
Some advice has been offered In the
following list of "don'ts," which ap
peared In the Campus:
Don't look over our shoulder to read
our newspaper. Go buy one they
only cost a few cents.
Don't say you "Just adore" any girl
who is your rival.
Don't accept an Invitation to have
a sandwich and then order a whole
Don't keep us waiting more than a
half hour, especially when a to-be-
pald-for chariot awaits you without.
On the way to a picture show, don't
rave about what a wonderful musical
comedy is In town.
Don't say you are reducing and
then eat everything in sight
Don't ask us whether or not to let
your hair grow.
Don't explain that you know Ife
bad form, but that you Just like to
chew gum, anyway.
Don't poise your cigarette grace
fully and then puff the smoke out
before you have time to taste it.
Don't be afraid to accept a date at
the last minute, especially when you
want It We know we're supposed to
thinn you re popular.
Don't be avidly Interested In the
things you say shock you.
Say everything Is "cute" If you
he was not afraid? He could not have
been otherwise, but he bad courage Id
spite of fear.
ISUCH IS LIFE: By Charles Sughroe - This Promise Was a Treat
?ff AVZBUO HAS A MEW j MT f W (9 kU W2f?2?f- T I JUST PLAV IT WHEul
1- J """""
: : , 1 ,
I '; Can Count Atoms :
Definite Pattern for
Cities Seen as Vital
The growing practice of fiftlnor
American cities to a definite pattern
rather than allowing them to grow as
they will Is disclosed ln report of
the civic development department of
the Chamber of Commerce of the
United States on city olannine and
zoning accomplishments.
This practice, which originated
twenty or more years ago, has stead
ily grown until at the present time
more than 600 American cities have
adopted some form of city planning.
City plaunlng ," the report explains.
"Is the proper co-ordination of civic
development, to the end that a city
may grow in a more orderly way and
provide adequate facilities for living.
working and recreation.
"To serve the community best a
comprehensive city plan must co-or
dinate all physical Improvements,
even at the possible expense of sub
ordinating Individual desires. City
planning applies the fundamental
principles of business corporations to
civic development. It means the bud
geting of future Improvements to ob
tain an orderly and uniform growth
for the entire community and prevent
overexpansion of one phase of de
velopment at the expense of others."
Health Department Is
County's Great Need
Are you living in a county without
an organized health department? asks
Dr. R. G. Beachley In nygela, the
health magazine published by the
American Medical association.
If you do, you are not receiving
proper health protection from your
local government State departments
of health cannot carry on Intensive
health work In every county In a state.
Therefore the only way to maintain
proper health standards Is to have an
efficient health department in every
No Investment can yield greatet
dividends than money for public
health, Doctor Beachley continues. A
whole-time health department will re
duce the amount of sickness from such
diseases as typhoid fever, diphtheria,
smallpox and scarlet fever by almost
75 per cent during the first five yean
of its existence, he declares..
The typical health department con
sists of a physician who is a graduate
of a medical college with special train
ing In public health work ; one or two
graduate nurses who have studied pub
lic health; one or two sanitary In
spectors and a clerk-stenographer. 11
possible, a laboratory should be provided.
'lr .1.
Sweden to Teach
Children to Save
Stockholm. For the benefit
S of Swedish school children with
P out money In the bank, the pos
J tal savings authorities will open
J 25,000 new accounts, depositing
2 two crowns In each. Permission
l4 has been asked from the gov- ?
ern merit to use $13,400 of the
2 postal savings Income for 1927 j
to defray the expenses. Swe-
j den's private savings banks have j
Z made similar distributions of
$ money for several years in or- J
J der to teach the school children
jj bow to save. . $
I WXjBXlIl No ronn8 man can
i xlijl' succeed If he Is
1 M"T afrall to 1 little
jft )jb more tnan ne 18 Pa,(J
Cambridge, Mass. Atoms and mole
cules now can be counted with greater
accuracy than the population of a
large city, Dr. Miles Sherlll, professor
of theoretical chemistry at the Massa
chusetts Institute of Technology, re
ported In a Society of Arts lecture In
the Institute recently.
"We no longer doubt the existence
or reality of atoms," he said. "It Is
possible to determine the number of
molecules In one gram molecular
weight of a substance which Is equal
to the number of atoms tn one gram
atomic weight of any element This
huge number Is six hundred and six
and two-tenths sextillions."
The lecturer showed a screen pic
ture of the motion of mercury parti
cles. Study of this motion, Doctor
Sherlll said, made it possible to count
atoms and molecules. He also dem-
The Impatience of Youth
DOESMY makf a
ME -
v '
onstrated the Gelger counter, an In
strument so sensitive that it will de
tect even a single electron.
"Dr. H. 0. Blumgart of the Boston
City hospital has made a very won
derful application of the Instrument"
said Doctor Sherlll "He Injects a
trace, one quadrillionth of a grain,
which Is about three million atoms, or
radio-active deposit Into the arm of
a patient
Then with the aid of the Gelger
counter he measures the time taken
for It to be carried to the heart and
again through the lungs back to the
heart and on to a point in the other
arm corresponding to the original
point of Injection.
"The counter, protected from prema
ture radiations by a sheathing of lead,
Is placed over the heart where It de
tects the arrival of the radio-active
substance, and again in the other arm
by means of a second Instrument
"He is thus able to measure the
rate of blood flow through the lungs.
Such studies bold far-reaching possi
bilities for research In diseases of the
Dean of Men, University of
In parts of South America It Is still
the custom to erect wooden crosses
on the outskirts of the villages to
frighten away evil spirits.
Z Storms on the Sun t
T tira nft&n tan tfmoa as (Ann t 4
the earth's-diameter and sclen-
The flames of fire which shoot
out from the surface of the sun
Mats in their vigils have seen
me flame which measured more
than 33.000 miles and traveled J
at the rate of 3.00 miles a rain-
nte. These flames are seen only J
through a nr;iiij constructed
!rnmfnt J
El tit Wntcro Newsptpet Onion
NOW be a brave boy," mother
used to nay tn mo when. In
sending me to bed alone to the awful
dark rooms above, she saw that my
heart beat a little faster and that fear
of something unexpected and unknown
gripped me. "There's nothing up there
to hurt you." And I went not realiz
ing that in going and facing the dan
ger that I feared, I was not a coward,
but that 1 had courage, for courage
consists in facing danger or supposed
danger that you fear. Aristotle, one
of the wisest men in the world, has
said so.
"Courage," he tells us, "Is not fear
lessness, but the recognition of danger
and the power of self-control In spite
of fear."
The man who faces danger without
fear Is not courageous ; he Is fool
hardy; his Judgment Is faulty.
After the marines had made their
courageous attack at Belleao woods I
had a long letter from Martin telling
me all about It though I had before
seen an account In the newspapers of
what happened.
"If anyone who was in the awful
carnage tells you that he had no fear,"
Martin wrote, "don't believe bim, for
he Is either not human or a liar.
Every man knew when be went Into
the attack that be faced death, or. If
not death, a torn, mangled body to
be carried through a life, that might
be worse than death. As far myself,
I was white and trembling for a time,
and then my heart began beating like
a triphammer, but terrified as we
were, we went on, and you know the
Here was courage of the highest
order not fearlessness but the recog
nition of awful danger, and the power
to go on and meet It
There was a fire In one of the apart
ment houses In town not Ions aero.
Three little children were alone in
one of the rooms, helpless and stupe
fied by the smoke. Their case seemed
hopeless when one of the vouna fire
men forced bis way through the flames
ana smoke and brought them out and
down in safety. He real zed his dan
ger more even than the crowd did
who stood at a safe distance and nn-
plauded his action. He hod n fomiiv
oi bis own at home, and he must have
thought of his little boy and elrl and
the possibility of Ihelr being father
less ir ne risked his life.
Moral courage Is not unlike physical
There Is a gambling game going on In
the dormitory In which Blake lives,
with drinking and salacious talk.
"Come on, boy," one of the fellows
says to make, "and sit In with us.
He will be laughed at If he says no,
ana tsiake, like most young boys, is
sensitive to ridicule, ne fears the
Jibes and the jokes Of his cnmnnnlnna
They cut him like whiplashes, but he
has the courage to say no, and It does
taice courage in such Instances.
(& t2. Wratern Newspaper nnlaiU
Shade Trees a Necessity
"The city of fine shade trees is the
city beautiful" Charles Lathrop
Pack talking "When the traveler
gives thought to the world's mosl
beautiful cities, he thinks Instinctive
ly of Washington and Paris; and In
thinking of them he delights in the
memory of their wealth of trees. In
each of these cities great architect
and gifted rtlsts have created build
ings of rara splendor and stately
grace. The chief charm of both cities,
however, is found in the magnificent
shade trees which line their street!
and beautify their lawns, parks and
public grounds. Who can picture Six
teenth street or Massachusetts ave
nue, or any of the streets of Wash
ington deprived of shade tree beauty I
Visualize without their trees the city
streets and parks with which you are
familiar, and see what becomes oi
the City Beautiful I"
ixmm j I
'.:.-.i -tJlh"",r"j
Western Architecture
The western, or prairie, type of
architecture derives its chief char
acteristics from the western prairies
on which It originated ; the horizontal
elements In the design being heavily
accented, as against the more usual
practice of emphasizing vertical lines,
such as Is done In French and Eng
lish small holne planning.
The western type of home usually
Is built In square, box-like shape, the
roof low-pitched and with a widely
spreading overhang.
Detail work Is heavy, and the win
dows carry out the squareness of the
home in their own shape. They are
used with or without dividing mul
Hons. Exchange.
No Aid to Walls
Bureau of standards tests have
demonstrated that wetting the bricks
will not add to the compressive
strength of brick walls. Clay brick
walls will be as strong when aged In
air for GO days as they will be If kept
damp for a period of about one week
after construction, the tests reveul.
Unfair to Home Town
When a boy from a country town
I goes to a city and mokes good, his
neighbors seem to think that some
miracle has been performed, or that
he acquired all his prowess away
from nome.-Waldport (Ore.) Trib
Miss Hutli Houghton ot Westfleld,
N. J., of the class of 102!), who was
elected chairman of the Judicial board
one of Smith college's highest hon
ors. She olso was elected to Phi
Beta Knppa recen'ly.
Resists Rot and Vermin
Sheet steel, because of: its resist
ance to rot Is coining into wide use
age for pergolas, trellises and other
garden furniture. Bugs and gnats
do not Infest the steel products and
korlng birds have no effect ou them.