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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (May 17, 1918)
TO MAINTAIN GRAVEL ROADS
Never Hard and Smooth Enough to
Prevent Immediate Rutting by
Wheels of Wagons.
Gravel roads are never hard and
smooth enough when opened to travel
to prevent almost Immediate rutting by
the wheels of heavily loaded wagons.
In fact, a gravel which contains enough
clay to pack immediately under the
roller or In a few days under travel
will always prove to give a muddy
road when the frost Is going out In the
spring and during prolonged wet spells
at other seasons of the year. If such
gravels are found on a road they can
be greatly Improved by covering the
surface with a thin layer of sandy
gravel, applied when the road Is soft
and allowed to mix under travel, the
road being kept smooth by the frequent
use of the road drag.
On any gravel road, dragging with
a suitable road drag should begin after
the first good rain following the com
pletion of the road and be continued
ufter each subsequent rain until the
IMPORTANT SYSTEMS OF CULTURE USED
IN GROWING GOOD CROP OF RASPBERRIES
Well Kept Gravel Road.
road surface becomes so hard and
smooth that heavily loaded wagonB
make no Impression on the surfuce.
But dragging must be frequent the
first fall until winter sets In and the
following spring until the middle of
May or the first of June. After that
the dragging will not be very effective,
unless the rains are of long enough
duration to soften the surface slightly,
and may therefore he less frequent.
Hut dragging will be found very effec
tive and efficient In the late fall and
in the spring when the froat Is coming
out and before the gravel is fully settled.
FIELD OF SEVEN-YEAR-OLD EMPIRE RED RASPBERRIES
MUST MAINTAIN GOOD ROADS
Too Much Money Spent for Construe
tlon and Too Little for Proper
In many a county In the South the
condition of the roads is the same as
those which the editor of the Clinton
Democrat describes as existing In his
(ciutily. He says:
"Wo can't survive the Impression
that he have wasted a lot of money;
that we have built a lot of roads that
have (one back to their formor condi
tion, from neglect; that wo have bur
dened our posterity with a debt that
has proved to be a rather bad Invest
ment. We have burdened our children
with the bonds that will be mighty
bard to pay, and we will have to an
swer for a great deal, If for their I1B0,
(KK) we leave them a legacy of mud
holes, a heritage of sand and water.
One of the main defects In our present
program, we think, Is the fact that W(
are spending all of our money on con
traction and are not taking proper
thought for the maintenance of th
mads."- The Progressive Farmer.
TO MAINTAIN CONCRETE ROAD
Observe Same Rules of Drainage as
Apply for Earth Roads New
Surface for Concrete.
The maintenance of concrete roads
cnnslsts of observing the rules of
drainage as for earth roads, and In
tilling with tar any cracks that may
develop. Nothing can be done for the
surfuce when It begins to deteriorate
and break down. It will serve an a
base for some of the higher types of
lilliimlnotis surface, and after the con
crete has served lis usefulness It
should he resurfaced with a bltumln-
oils wearing surface.
Every State After Funds.
Every slale In the Union accepted
I be terms of the federal road act and
applied for the funds thus made avail
able. Prevent Foundering Horse.
Never water or grain a burse that Is
much healed to do this Is likely to
"founder" and so ruin him.
Favor Wide-Tlred Trucks.
Wlde-tlrsd trucks for farm hauling
are gaining In favor among those who
have put them In use.
Rape to Feed Young Pigs.
An acre of rape can he made to fur
nish feed for Is to 20 shotcs during
a large part of the summer, if divided
off and pastured alternately.
Stock of known qualifications is fair
ly easy to obtain at prices commen
surate with the breeders' effort; poor
stock Is expeualve at Its best.
Corn silage will keep for many years
In a alio, and In this way we can carry
over a food supply for an sufevoraple
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Three systems of culture are used
In growing raspberries, the hill, the
linear, and the hedge systems. The
term "hill system" Is restricted to that
method of tillage In which the horse
cultivator is used on all sides of each
plant. When the cultivator Is run In
only ono direction and only the plants
originally set aro allowed to fruit, the
term "linear system" Is used. If some
of the suckers which come from the
roots of red raspberries are left to
form a solid row and the cultivator Is
run In one direction only, the term
"hedge system" Is employed.
The distance between the rows In
each of these systems should be de
termined by economy In the cost of
cultivation and In the use of land.
Where the area of land uvalluhle for
planting is not limited, usually it will
be found most desirable to make the
spaces between the rows wide enough
to allow the use of two-horse Imple
ments In cultivation. Where the area
of land Is limited, the rows may be
placed closer together and one-horse
Under the hill system of culture the
plants usually are set about five feet
apart each way. This, however, al
lows the use of one-horse cultivators
only. This Is used to some extent In
Mew York and other states In raising
red raspberries. It has the advantage
of requiring less handwork In keeping
out grass and weeds, as the cultivator
can be run In both directions ; und the
berries can bo more easily harvested
from fields under this system.
If tho hedge or linear system Is used,
the horse cultivator can be run In one
direction only and more hoeing Is nec
essary. Under these systems the red
varieties usually should be set from 2
to 8 feet apart in rows which arc 0 to
8 feet distant. In tho eastern United
States 0 feet Is the most common and
desirable distance between the rows
for tho shorter caned varieties, sucli
as the Ituhy and Marlboro, and 7 und
8 feet for the tall-caned varieties, like
the Outhbert. To use two horses In a
plantation the rows must bo at least
8 feet apart In the Pacific northwest,
where the canes grow very tall, the
planting distance for red raspberries
Is usually 2 by 7 or 8 feet. In parts
of Colorado and other Btutcs where Ir-
PRESERVATION OF SOFT CORN
Farmers Should Work It Over, Remove
Any Damaged Ears and Put
(Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Soft corn which has been stored In
large cribs during cold and freezing
weather, without specially Improvised
ventilator, is practically certain to
get out of condition as soon as the
weather warms ii In the spring. To
preserve ich corn farmers should
work it over, remove any damaged
ears, und put In ventilators.
The best way to dispose of soft corn
Is to feed on the fnrm all that can lie
consumed to udvantage, but don't
The concentration of shelled corn In
country elevators during the next few
mouths Is practically certain to lend to
disaster unless it can be transported
to feeding centers or to terminals for
drying before what Is popularly known
as tho germinating season.
Whenever practicable the drying
temperature should be lowered and the
time of drying Increused, to prevent
All old corn should bo carefully
saved for seed, as the bulk of tho pres
ent crop In tho northern states will be
unfit for planting.
Do not delay the securing of suitable
Do not plant any corn without first
knowing Its germination.
BALANCED RATION FOR COWS
Use Such Feeds In Such Amounts aa
Will Give Greatest Production
at Moat Profit
The fine point In feeding dairy cows
t to use such feeds In such amounts
as will give the greatest production at
the most profit. This calls for bal
anced rations. With feed prices at
their present altitudes It will pay dai
rymen to make a special study of their
This Is a good tlmo to look over the
orchard to mnrk the trees which
should he top grafted next spring. One
to likely to forget during the winter
Just which trees need grafting.
rlgatlon and winter protection are nec
essary, the plants are usually set In
rows which are 7 feet apart.
System for Black Variety.
Black raspberries are nearly always
grown under the linear system, and in
the United States east of the Eocky
mountains they should be planted In
rows 8 feet distant and 3 or 4 feet
apart In the row. In Oregon and Wash
ington they should be planted In rows
7 or 8 feet distant and from 3 to 6 feet
apart In the row, depending upon the
vigor of the growth In the particular
The purple varieties also are grown
under the linear system and should be
planted 4 or 5 feet apart In rows which
are 7 or 8 feet distant. The Colum
bian and other purple varieties of
equal vigor should be at least 5 feet
apart In tho row, but the Royal may
be set 4 feet apart.
If the plants are checked in both di
rections when set in accordance with
either the hedge or linear system and
are 3 or 4 feet apart in the row, It
Is possible to run a one-horse cultivn
tor both ways for the first year. This
will save much work and reduce the
first yenr's expense.
In some sections, two plants of red
raspberries are set together. This In
sures the grower against misses, nnd n
larger crop Is secured when the plan
tation Is one year old. It will cost
nearly $20 more per acre to buy and
set the extra plants, but in some sec
tions the additional yield will make It
profitable. However, If care Is taken
In setting, one plant in each place Is
Setting the Plants.
Before plnntlng, the tops of the
plants of all types should be cut back
to 0 Inches or less In height. To make
It easy to handle the plants and to
Indicate the rows after setting, 4 to 8
Inches of the cane should be left. If
a garden patch is being planted, It 1b
better to cut tho canes back to within
a few Inches of the leader buds. The
plants should be set slightly deeper
than they formerly grew. Sometimes
It Is well to set red raspberries as
much as 3 Inches deeper thnn they
grew, In order to protect them from
drought. Illnck and purple raspber
ry plants should be set not more than
an Inch or two deeper than they for
merly stood, ns there Is danger of
smothering the tips.
When the average man wants
to quit is the time to get Inter
ested In horse production.
Gumption Is ability to put the
grease where the squeak Is. Are
you onto your Job?
Slock raisers should agree as
to what breed best fits their lo
cality, nnd then stick to that
Hats In the grain bin are al
most as destructive as a bull In
a china shop. A rat-proof gran
ary Is a national bulwark these
days. Don't neglect It.
Many county fairs are appar
ently run In the Interest of the
faker rather than of the farmer.
A general overhauling is In or
der If they are to serve effi
ciently the object for which they
Swift & Company's 1918 Year Book
It shows that Swift & Company sells the meat from
a steer for less money then the live steer cost !
Proceeds from the sale of the hide, fat, and other by-products
covered all expense of dressing, refrigeration, freight, selling
expense and the profit of $1.29 per steer as shown by Swift &
Company's 1917 figures as follows:
Average price paid for live cattle per steer $84.45
Average price received for meat . . 68.97
Average price received for by-products 24.0
Total received '. . . . 93.06
This leaves for expenses and profit
Of which the profit per steer was
There are many other interesting and instructive
facts and figures in the Year Book.
We want to send our 1918 Year Book, to anyone, anywhere free
for the asking. Address Swift & Company, Union Stock Yards, Chicago.
Swift & Company, U. S. A.
GASOLINE DRAG SAW
Will nnaitivalv laaflnnfrovan1aHn a niiianmi
of work than any other portable power sawing
fy j machine made. Writeor particulars.
THE THOMAS ENGINEERING WORKS
"aSBjSJLr' 125 E. Water St., Portland, Ore.
Western Truck Attachment
Hauit' 'us u rwftft o t"i ' -" Kffiflrj j
Over 1000 Satisfied Owners in
Washington and Oregon.
The most vital point of a truck attach
ment is the bearings. The Western is
the only truck attachment made with a
Two-inch I unban Bearing. Other t;pe
cifications in portion.
Why Buy an Inferior make?
A. J. LORMOR, Factory Distributor.
533 35 Alder Sm. Portland, Ore ion.
"That prima donna didn't seem at
"How uid you get that impression?"
Inquired tho weary manager.
She never once raised her voice.
"Well, you don't think she'd waste a
high note on me, do you?"
RABBITS ARE EASILY RAISED
Small Rabbltrles Are Producing Meat
Crops for Family Tables Free
Rabbit raising on a back-yard
scale is not an experiment. Thou
sands of small rabbltrles In this coun
try are producing meat crops regu
larly for family tables. These domes
tic animals are easily raised and re
markably free from disease when prop
erly eared for. t
BALANCE DAIRY HERD RATION
Special Attention Should Be Given to
This Matter by Those Who Feel
Dairymen who feel the pinch of feed
shortage will do well to give special
attention to balancing their herd ra
tions. A balanced ration is an efficient
ration. It means making the most of
the feeds used.
Egg Shell It Porous.
The shell of an egg Is porous and
flltb of the shell will cuter und poison
tho contents. For this reason dirty
eggs should be cleaned as soon us gathered.
'And now, children, we come to that
Important country, Oermany, that Is
governed by a man called a kaiser,
said the teacher. "Can any one tell
me what a kaiser is? Yes, Willie!
"Please, ma'am, a kaiser Is a stream
of hot water sprlngin' up In the air
and dlsturbln the earth. Life.
Tommy My tooth ached awful yes
CouBin Sue Has it Btopped?
Tommy I don't know.
Cousin Sue Don't know if your
loom nas stopped aching?
Tommy No; the dentist kept It.
"I understand," said Mrs. Corntos
sel, "that they're going to put horse
meat on the market as a substitute
"Wha'd I tell you?" rejoined her
husband. "Didn't I always say a hoss
was more useful than a flivver?"
And There It Ended.
Policyholder I nearly had my skull
fractured on the Icy sidewalk yester
day. Don't I get something for that?
Adjuster If you can produce a doc
tor's certificate we may nearly give
you something. Boston Transcript
Hides, Pelts, cK.a Wool & Mohair
W. was 4na km "1i fn II OesaiTu
THE H. F. NORTON. COMPANY,
Portland. On., Seattle. Wn .. Bellingham, Wa.
Dr. William H. Crawford, president
of Allegheny college, said on his de
parture to do war work at the front:
"Don't ask me for an Interview.
There is something sinister about an
Interview. It suggests that I'm never
"Yes, you make me feel almost aa
blue as the rich old fellow whoso little
Uncle, will you please make a
noise like a frog?'
'"Why, Willie! said the rich uncle
laughing heartily, 'Why on earth do
you desire me to make a noise like a
" 'Because,' said Willie, 'whenever I
ask papa to buy me a pony or bicycle
or anything, he always says: 'Wait till
your uncle croaks. Exchange.
It's Grandmother's Recipe
Restore Color, Gloss and
Perhaps She Meant It.
Willie Jones had been giving his
teacher a good deal of trouble that
morning. At the close of the first
study period she said:
"Now we will take up the subject
of natural history, and you may name
In rotation some of the lower animals,
starting with Willie Jones." Ex
Edith Well, if she accepted your
flowers, your bon bons, your bracelet,
your caresses, she must have accepted
about everything of yours.
Jack She did; she even accepted
my rival. Boston Transcript.
Two men about town were discuss
ing an acquaintance of both.
"I cannot understand how he can
drink so much tea," remarked one
'He got away with 14 saucers full."
"What? Fourteen saucers full?'
asked his friend. "What do you
mean? Doesn t he use a cup?
"No," said the first man suavely.
"He Is afraid the spoon will get In
'On what ground did Dodge claim
exemption from draft?"
Said he was troubled with hang
nails." Boston Transcript
I IT Po"ltT. Buttar, Egge
KfM. AAA Farm Produc(s
to the Old Reliable Everdlng house with a
record of 46 yean of Square Dealings, and
be assured of TOP MARKET PRICES.
F. M. CRONKHITE,
45-47 Froat Street. Portland. Oresea
MOTOR CAR REPAIRING
MAGNETO SERVICE STATION
ALL KINDS OF
rrO ALL ORDERS
Broaslwsy at Flanders, Portland, Or.
P. N. U.
No. 15, 1(18
Hit Real Worth.
'Did you see the widow of our late
"Yes, but when I told her I had
called to extend my condolences, she
asked my congratulations Instead.
She had Just received his Insurance
money." Baltimore American.
LOSS OF POWER and vital force fol
low loas of flesh,
0 r emaciation.
These come from
1 m p o v r 1 a hed
riches the blood,
stops the waate
of strength and
tissue, and builds
up healthy flesh.
Thin, pale, puny and scrofulous chil
dren are made plump, rosy and robust
by the "Discovery." Thy Ilk It too.
In recovering from "Orippe," or In
convalescence from pneumonia, fev
ers, or other wasting diseases. It
speedily and surely Invigorate and
builds up the whole system. As an
appetising, restorative tonic, it sets
at work all the processes of digestion
and nutrition, rouge every organ Into
natural action, and bring back health
Dr. Pierces Pleasant Pellets cur
constipation. Constipation ta th
cause of many diseases. Cor th
cause and yon cur th disease. Easy
to take as candy. Adv.
Almost everyone knows that Bagi
Tea and Sulphur, properly compound
ed, brings back the natural color am
lustre to the hair when faded, streak
ed or gray. Years ago the only wa:
to get this mixture was to make It a
home, which is mussy and trouble
some. Nowadays, by asking at anj
drug store for "Wyeth's Sage and Sul
phur compound, you will get a largi
bottle of this famous old recipe, im
ved by the addition of other In
gredients, for about 60 cents.
Don't stay gray! Try it! No on
can possibly tell that you darkenee
your hair, aa it does It so naturall
and evenly. You dampen a sponge 01
soft brush with It and draw thb
through your hair, taking one small
strand at a time; by morning the gra;
hair disappears, and after another ap
plication or two, your hair become
beautifully dark, glossy and attractive
wyetn s sage and Sulphur Com
pound la a delightful toilet requisite
for those who desire dark hair and a
youthful appearance. It la not Intend
ed for the cure, mitigation or preven
tion of disease. Adv.
Heard on Summer Street
"Hallo! What's your rush?"
"I want to catch the 5:40 train."
"But you've got twenty minutes."
"I know, but I've got to count on
being held up this way by three or
four idiots who want to know what's
my rush." Boston Transcript.
"Have you received any valentines?"
"No," replied Miss Cayenne. "And
I'm really glad of It. I have very little
respect for a man who is afraid to
live personal expression to his con
victions and writes an anonymous let
"Well, darling, here is some conso
lation," said the impecunious lover to
the pretty little heiress, "there is one
ship that can never be torpedoed."
"What ship is that, Harold?" asked
the sweet young thing, shifting her
"Court-ship," he replied, and just
then her father came in and gave him
a blowing up. Florida Times-Union.
"I got a funny parent, I must say."
"He used to whale me, but he won't
let me lick my own kid." Exchange.
"We got this boat together in re
markably short time," remarked Noah
Jubilantly, as he stood off and sur
veyed the ark.
"Yes," replied Japhet. "All we had
to do was to go ahead and build her
of wood. There hasn't been any steel
construction to stop and argue about."
A New Idea.
"How queerly pedestrians walk
"Yes, you see the auto honk has nat
urally brought in the goose step."
A Unique Suggestion.
A constable in a Vermont town re
cently rounded up a number of ho
boes. "Come along," he said to them. "You
have all got to have a bath."
This announcement was, of course,
received with considerable perturba
tion, especially by the eldest of the
"What!" he exclaimed. "A bath! A
bath with water?"
"Sure thing," said the constable.
"Look here, Mr. Constable," said the
apprehensive one. "Couldn't you man
age it with one of them vacuum clean
ers?" Case and Comment
Read Thla Right
Teacher Now, boys, I want to see
If any of you can make a complete
sentence out of two words, both hav
ing the same sound to the ear.
First Boy I can, Miss Smith.
Teacher Very well, Robert, let us
hear your sentence.
First Boy Write right
Teacher Very good.
Second Boy Miss Smith, I can beat
that. I can make three words of it
Wright, write right Exchange.
"Say, pop, what is 'woman's
"The earth that is, they think so."
LISTEN TO THIS!
SAYS CORNS LIFT
RIGHT OUT NOW
You corn-pestered men and women
need suffer no longer. Wear the shoes
that nearly killed you before, says
this Cincinnati authority, because a
few drops of freezone applied directly
on a tender, aching corn or callous
stops soreness at once and soon the
corn or hardened callous loosens so It
can be lifted out, root and all, with
A small bottle of freezone coat
very little at any drug store, but will
positively take off every hard or soft
corn or callous. This should he tried
as It Is Inexpensive and hi said not
to Irritate the surrounding skin.
If your druggist haan't any freezone
tell him to get a small bottle for yon
from his wholesale drug house. It is
fine stuff and acta like a charm every
MONEY FOR YOU.
Thousands of trained young: people needed.
Behnke-Walker Business College, Portland, placet
students in positions. Enroll any time. Free
Corner Sixth sad Hoyt St... Portland. Ore.
LOU HIMES. Manager.
RATES:-7Sc to 52. SPECIAL-Week or Month
CAMlf. Graonlated Eyelids,
J3PfJa "5 Eve inflamed by eipo-
nusiooeBi wass aim wsavj
To keen clean and healthv take Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Pellets. They regu
late liver, bowels and stomach.
Ha Wouldn't Work.
Mistress So your matrimonial life
waa very unhappy. What waa the
trouble? December wedded to May?
Chloe Johnson Lan' sake, no mam!
It waa Labor day wedded to de day
ob rest Life.
'Both my wife and I are praying
that It will be a girl."
Why, I thought"
'Yea, I know, but the other day our
cook remarked that she doesn't like
boy babies." Boston Transcript
Heal Baby Rashes
That Itch, burn and torture. A hot
Cuticnra Soap bath gives Instant re
lief when followed by a gentle appli
cation of Cuticnra Ointment. For free
samples address, "Cuticnra, Dept. X,
Boston." At druggists and by mall.
Soap 26. Ointment 29 and 80. Adv.
aukklv relieved bv
EyeBemedy. No Smarting,
just Eye Comfort. At
ii or by mail 50c per Bottle.
tyaSahn in Tubes 25c For Book ! the Eye
BIG, STRONG CHICKS
Is the result of using Pet,
luma Incubators and Brood
ers. That's the kind you
want Write for our tug
Free Catalog No. 60.
PETilUtU INCUBATOR CO.
And Be Happy
totvp lie. Qbtaaat IS u ft
WE WANT YOUR BEANS
Call at 206 Alder street or mail sample.
We buy all the time and pay the bisrhest
market price. Don't (ail to yet in touch
with os before selling. Wt are the
Only Exclusive Bean Dealers tn
Oregon. We want more agents at
country points. Cleaners and dealers
please write for oar agents' terms,
a C. D ALTON CO.,
Nt Alter. PORTLAND, ORE,