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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 5, 1917)
$ By HM. EGBERT
(Copyright, lilt, by W. O. Chapman.)
The flay when L-!'a and Tommy
came Into the life of Jim Peters was
bis reddest of red letter days. He al
ways saw the scene Just as he had
seen It then. The early snows had be
gun to whiten the hills, and Peters had
driven his stock down Into the lower
Country for the winter pastures.
He was sitting in his hut, thinking
over things. At thirty, he felt vaguely
that he ought to be doing better for
himself. Not that he wanted to leave
the cattle country for the city. But
life in a two-room shack, where he
cooked his own meals and made his
own bed, was becoming unbearable.
Most of the settlers of his age were
already married. The settlement was
beginning to prosper. Neat little flow
er beds appeared round the houses and
the young wives were very gaily
dressed upon occasions. A church had
been built; altogether it was a place
KJlJhvyoung man with two thousand
dollars In the bank to rejoice in.
But Jim had always lived a lonely
life; he did not know how to change
It Too bashful to make advances to
any of the town girls whom he saw
on his rare visits, and with a vague
feeling that he wanted a wife of a spe
cial, hardly defined type, something
above the common run, he was brood
ing In his chair when there came a tap
at the door.
It was a timid tap, such as he had
never heard. The men who tapped at
Jim's door hammered with hairy fists
until he opened to them. Jim opened
now, and was amazed to see a woman
and a boy outside.
Both were thinly clad and shivering
from the cold. Nevertheless the worn-
Watched the Car Shoot Dowi.tne H"
an did not attempt to enter Dut only
asked where lodging cott 06 0D"
She had come In on ( evening
train, she said. She offered nc4urtner
explanation, but It was evident"4
she was gently bred. The looks0'
'weariness In her eyes haunted Jim r?r
lie uei UUWT "' u, fn r, ,m-
an of the valley. X hospitality of
the West prfvaJJtnver suspicion. The
stranger and her son were given shel
ter. j Next day Leila Drayton, as she
called herself, went to work for one
of the richer settlers. But soon she
was asked to fill a pressing need. The
children were growing up and, In spite
of Its advantages, there was no school
In the valley. She became the school
mistress. Speculation was rife about her. She
never mixed with the valley people,
never talked about her past. And the
West accepts women as well as men
for what they ure, and asks no ques
tions. The days grew into weeks, Into
months. Jim Peters often found occa
sion to saddle his horse and ride down
into the valley. He and the boy be
came fast friends. But Leila was as
indifferent to him as to the other men.
Perhaps Jim would never have
found the opportunity he craved, of
becoming her friend, but for an acci
dent. The boy was straying on the
railroad embankment In search of
birds' eggs. His mother was with him,
but seated a little distance behind the
rise. Jlin, watching them impatiently
from the other side, knew that the af
ternoon train was due.
Becoming uneasy, he hurried across
the valley. He was Just on the oppo
site ridge when he heurd the train in
the distance. The sound, which burst
forth suddenly as the train came out
of the tunnel, startled the boy, perched
on a ledge. He lost his footing and
fell twenty feet, to lie unconscious
across the metals. At the same time
the mother rose, discovered him and
Jim plunged down the steep embank
ment, seized the boy, snatched him
from the metals and cowered with blm
npiinst the cliff, while the train went
sweeping by, so near that the draft
almost blew him from where he had
planted himself. Afterward the boy
opened his eyes.
The distracted mother kneeled be
fore Jim with her bands clasped. "How
can I thank you?" she cried. "He Is
everything I have, he is everything In
the world to me."
"Be my friend," said Jim holding
out his hand.
That was Jim's chance. Friendship
ripened. One day he asked her to be
come his wife. Then the strange look
of fear that he knew so well came
Into her eyes.
"No, you must not ask me that,"
she said. "I ss.ll never marry again."
And, seeing,'' ' distress, she added:
"I will f the truth. 1 am a
runaway w Annot speak ill of
my husband now. I could have bon4
with his infidelities, with his abuse)
but I did not want my boy to grow
up to be like him."
It was weeks afterward that she
told him all. Her husband was a
wealthy man in Omaha. When she
found that she could endure Ufe with
him no longer she had run away,
penniless, save for her railroad ticket
He had one redeeming quality: he
loved his son. On this account she
knew that he would leave no stone
unturned to find them.
Jim went away, sorrowing. He
knew now that she could never be
his. For she shrank instinctively, he
felt without asking, from the pub
licity of divorce. Besides, to seek
divorce would be to put her husband
on her trail. She wanted to let the
years roll between them, creating an
ever widening barrier, until she felt
that the past could never stretch out
Its grisly hand upon her.
So the months changed Into years.
It was nearly three years since Leila's
coming when something happened
which Jim had always known to be
It was morning,, and he was on the
high pastures with his cattle when
he saw her running toward him, with
the boy, scrambling up the steep hill
side. She reached him; her face was
white with fear.
"He has found me!" she gasped.
"O, save me I Help me!"
Up the road came the toot of an
auto horn. Jim saw the car climb
the grade like a heavy locomotive.
The car stopped. A man leaped
cut, a man In the prime of Ufe, ab
surdly strong, absurdly healthy, with
the bluster, and yet the sense of pow
er, that sometimes accompanies the
He leaped to the ground and ad
vanced upon the woman, smiling. Jim
barred his path.
"My wife," he said. .
"I know," answered Jim. '
"See here, young man. Yon don't
perhaps understand. I nm here to
claim my own, my legal own, my
wife and child. She has nothing to
fear from me. I have never laid my
hands upon her. Stand out of my
"You may have a legal right," said
Jim, "but you ain't going to take her."
The man laughed, whipped off his
coat, and displayed a pair of muscular
arms. "Her lover?" he sneered.
"God witness, there has never been
love between us," answered Jim.
-The woman sprang between them.
"Jim, he Is right," she said. "Now
he has found me, I must go with him."
Jim, amazed at the change of atti
tude, stood absolutely mute. The man
"Good for you," he said. "Leila,
the past is past. You'll never hear
of it from me. It's only for the boy's
sake I want you back. And I guess
you'll be happier than you were."
Mechanically the girl entered the
auto. They lifted the boy inside. The
horn tooted. They were gone. And
Jim stared foolishly after them.
How strong the bonds between hus
band and wife! She was gone out of
his life. He had never dreamed of
such a thing. But why had she gone
with him, when he was ready to light
Jim did not understand women,
their changes, their sense of duty
coming in so oddly at critical mo
ments. Like a man in a dream he
watched the ear shoot down the hill.
It was going very fast. The brake
was damaged by the rough road, in
fact, but Jim did not know that All
he thought was that It was going very
fast toward the cutting. And sud
denly there came the roar of the train
leaving the tunnel.
The auto shot forward. It was now
evidently beyond control. Jim began
But he was much too far away to
be of any help. As he ran he saw
the dreadful picture: the train rac
ing along the narrow cutting, the auto
caught and overturned; the desperate
efforts of the occupants to free them
selves. . . .
Then he saw the man stagger to
his feet, lift the boy In his arms and
toss him to the farther bank. The
train was almost upon him, a hissing
snorting monster with flaming breath.
But he caught up the woman In his
arms and flung her clear of the
metals; and the next Instant the train
was upon him, bearing him down,
grinding out his life beneath its
wheels, tearing the decapitated body
along the way and passing onward.
Jim was sick with horror when b
reached the scene, to find that the
woman and the boy still lived. He
kneeled before Leila, trying to shield
her from the knowledge of what had
happened. Then, picking her up, he
carried her to the top of the embank
ment. And the look on her face told
him that she knew.
So mixed was life, so mixed the
qualities for good and evil In all.
This man she hated had given his life
for her. Some gate in Jim's brain
went down at that moment, and he
knew that life must be faced very
soberly thenceforward even with
The Tongue and Typhus.
According to P. Kemllnger, quoted
in the Journal of the American Medr
leal Association, an infallible method
of telling whether a patient has
typhoid (or paratyphoid) or the much
more serious typhus. Is to ask him to
"put out your tongue." The typhoid or
paratyphoid patient does It without
effort, but If he has typhus he can
not get it beyond his teeth.
Not Really an Escape.
We often think that If we had been
placed In the same difficulties which
we see overwhelm others, we couki
have got out of them. Just so; wtt
might have squeezed, or wriggled, ol
crept out of a position from which an
other who would not stoop could not
have escaped. If escape takes the
form of a temptation, they do not es
cape. Mary Cholmondeley.
Mrs. Blnnderby (to her caller) "My
sister has named her four children,
Miriam, Ruth, David, and Susannah,
all after Bibulous characters." Bos
"These pills have
a horrible taste,"
said the lady cus
t o m e r . "Please
take them back and
give me something
I can enjoy."
"Very well, mad
the obliging drug
gist, "but pleas.'
remember that the
difference In the
price of a box of
pills and a box of
bonbons Is considerable."
Something in the Air.
"Waiting for a car?"
"No," replied Mr. Dubwaite, "I'm
waiting for my wife. She's over there
talking to a neighbor. 1 may be here
for an hour or more."
"Why so long?"
"When they met the other woman
drew her aside and began: 'My dear,
have you heard?' "
"AVliy do you seek admittance here?"
asked St. Peter.
"On earth many blessed me and said
I would surely go to heaven when I
died," answered the shade.
"How did you win such gratitude?"
"I was always kind and considerate
to the people who owned flivvers."
"Enter," said the saint. "A place is
prepared for you."
"Are you a devotee of the screen?"
"Then you know all about Charley
Chaplin and Mary Pick "
"The dickens I do! The kind of
screen that's popular with me keeps
out flies and mosquitoes."
Comes Every Day Now
By DR. SAMUEL Q. DIXON
Commissioner of Health of Pennsylvania.
It used to be the custom for house
wives to cleanse their homes twice a
year, and now ad
requires that the
home must be
kept clean at all
The benefit of
the home reflects
both upon the
and the morality
of our people. The
necessity of clean
liness In our
homes has become so manifest that It
Is not worth while to dwell further up
During the recent battle against In
fantile paralysis we took two small
towns which were badly infected with
the disease and had the homes
cleansed, Insect life destroyed, food
kept clean and no garbage, ash plies
or manure allowed to collect. The
streets and alleys were made clean in
each town and Infantile paralysis rap
Idly disappeared. The cleaning up of
the municipalities seemed to run paral
lel with the subsiding of the disease.
The fact that the disease spreads at
times beyond the boundary lines of
these dirty breeding places Is no argu
ment against the theory of cleanliness
U a preventative of Infantile paraly
sis. At present it is well to look upon
filth and Insect life as factors taking
large part in permitting the so-called
plague to invade our homes.
Cleanliness regarding our children,
homes, stables, yards and towns, as
well as guarding our houses from all
kinds of insect life, must be Insisted
upon by each Individual citizen and by
those In charge of the health and
cleanliness of our towns, country, vll
.nges and homes.
"I hear the Grabcolns have hired n
tutor for young Reginald Grabcoin."
"Yes, but whenever Mr. Grabcoin
mentions the new member of the
household Mrs. Grabcoin is greatly hu
miliated." "Why so?"
"Mr. Grabcoin has a way of pro
nouncing 'tutor' as If the person re
ferred to did exercises on the trom
bone, cornet or some other kind of
uuhv Nnf Move Hiah Schools
From City to the Country?
It seems a strange thing, when one
thinks of It; to send boys nnd girls of
twelve or fourteen away from their
,,trir surroundings to the city to
attend school, where people are more
or less crowded together nnci mere
are so many temptations to spend
money, waste time and divert the mind
lino much more sensible it would
be if high schools nnd grounds were In
the country nnd the young loms or
the cities were sent to get their edu
cation where they could learn some
thing of rural conditions and means of
livelihood. Instead of that, country
boys and girls often learn to prefer
city trades and occupations, Just sup
pose there was n well-equipped high
school right out In the country with
fields and woods surrounding It. There
could be cottages where nonresidents
might board and gardens, poultry
plants, orchards and small model farms
where students might pay their way
In part at least, if they chose, and
laaxn other lessons than those in
I Ml Ui: 11
"Was there much
money spent I
"Don't ask me
replied the disap
"If there was any
passed around I
didn't see It Be
lieve me or not,
but I'li be lucky If
I get a new silk hat
and a Prince Al
bert coat." jgtf
"Would you like to see the log cab
In where our greatest citizen was
"Why, yes," answered the visitor.
"Do you mean to tell me that this
town has turned out a president of
the United States?"
"No. That's one reason why we are
so proud of him. Uc writes books and
is one of the few log-cabin celebrities
produced In this country who has
never entered politics."
A Wobbling Gait
"Didn't you know that If you struck
this pedestrian he would be seriously
"Yes, sir," replied the chauffeur.
"Then, why didn't you zigzag your
car and miss him?"
"He was zigzagging himself, your
An Effort to Define.
"Father," said the small boy, "what
Is a diplomat?"
"A diplomat, my son, Is a man of so
much courtesy and distinction that you
wouldn't dare offend him by question
ing the reliability of any statement he
may deem It expedient to make."
New Fire Escape.
A cleverly made steel fire escnne
which rolls up in a coll small ciioml-Ii
to be carried in one's pocket, is the in
vention of Pietro Vescovi. To prove
tne excellence of his Invention, Mr.
Vescovi used It several times in de
scending from the upper stories of tall
buildings of Stockton, Cal. The steel
is tempered to stand the welaht of two
Here's Gown WiuKSrt Hook
We have bad the dress which
fastened with three, two, or
even a single hook, but here la
a frock which has no fasteners
whatever. It la made of soft taf
feta In a delicate lavender. The
blouse Is cut like a middy and
slips over the head. It Is
smocked on each side of the
front along the shoulders and
across the back with soft green
silk. White chiffon over green
silk forms the collar, which is
not as wide or deep as a sailor
collar. The skirt is smocked to
form a six-inch yoke and Is
sewed onto the blouse with an
elastic as a waistband. This
elastic stretches to permit the
frock to go on over the head. A
large, soft green cord, with loose
tassels, ties about the waist and
hangs down at one side, and a
narrow green silk cord, ending
In tiny tassels, laces up the front
of the blouse. Time expended
In putting on the frock one minute.
Leatherized satins are the fashion
for sports wear.
Don't you like your little corner of the
Have you sweetened It with sunshine
and with sons?
Have you tried to make It brighter as you
Have you tried to right Its sorrow and
Do you think It's Just the finest spot you
And the noblest spot for effort that
Have you made It shed around a brighter
Have you tried to help the rest of us
Are you happy In your station and your
And contented with the way that things
Have you made the little corner 'round
Does It sparkle with the dewdrops in
Do the thousands that go marching on
Stop to smile before the beauty that
From the chaos and the turmoil of the
By a little friendly purpose and sweet
Don't you like the little corner he has
For your gladness and your use ana
Have you made It Just a little nearer
Have you turned It from Its darkness
and Its night?
It's your corner, and It ought .to be so
No other corner anywhere could slow
With the beauty and the gladness and
That your special little corner's learned
SUPPLY VARIETY -IN WINTER
Any Kind of Succulent Feud, Seen as
Clover, Corn, Feddor, Leave,
Beets, Etc., Are Qocd.
It Is only in the winter, when the
food .. 'ry and the hens confined, that
the diffiLuity affording a variety of
green food is met. Variety In green
food Is better than one kind. The term
"green food" does not apply to grass
or cabbages only, but Includes any
kind of bulky, succulent food, such as
clover, corn fodder, leaves, cabbage,
beets, ensilage, potatoes, turnips, car
rots, etc. The object is to give bulk In
order to dilute (if It can be so ex
pressed) the concentrated grains.
These foods are the cheapest that can
be used, and lessen the cost of produc
tion of eggs, not only by promoting the
health of the fowls but also because
such foods assist in the digestion of
the more costly kinds.
In feeding green food, variety may
be attained by giving cabbage one day,
beets the next, potatoes the next, and
so on. The object should be to lay in
a supply of such articles and have
them ready for use when winter
comes. Grass is the cheapest of all
foods for poultry In summer, and the
farmer who feeds grain at that sea
son is not only Increasing the cost of
eggs, but taking the risk of causing In
digestion. On a range the birds get
seeds, insects and a variety of grasses,
Including young weeds. Ducks and
geese are grass feeders, and enn eas
ily secure more than they require,
while turkeys and guineas are the bent
PROPER CARE OF FARM TEAM
Grooming Combined With Feeding
Will Go Far Toward Putting
Horse In Good Condition.
(By DR. H. HAVNER, Pennsylvania Ex
The old saying that "grooming la
half the feeding," as applied to the
farm work horses, still holds true. The
sweat glands of the horse eliminate
from the body In a 24-hour period,
an amount of waste material equal to
that excreted from the digestive tract.
Hummingbirds, Harmless, Should Be
Preserved on Sentimental Grounds
Mm fm affiV O W
By F. E. L. BEAL
Hummingbirds are popularly sup
posed to live upon the nectar of flow
ers, and unquestionably this substance
forms an Important part of their food.
Close observation has shown, however,
that these little birds do not visit flow
ers wholly for the purpose of gather
ing honey, nor do they obtain nil their
food from flowers. The writer has ob
served them hovering in front of a
cobweb, picking off Insects nnd per
haps spiders entangled In the net.
They hnve also been observed to cap
ture their food on the wing, like fly
catchers. Stomach examination shows
that a considerable pnrt of their food
consists of Insects and spiders, with
sometimes a little vegetuble matter.
There would be n domestic science
course, especially adapted to country
Music, lectures, gnmcs and worth
while motion pictures would not be
forgotten. But no rows of stores, beg
ging for bard-earned money; no mov
ies, that are simply dime novels put
on screens, no slums to sadden the
heart and stutter disease.
Only one species of hummingbird
Inhabits the eastern part of the United
States. This is the ruby-throat
which is more or less common almost
everywhere in that region. The wri
ter has seen 100 of these tiny crea
tures hovering about the flowers of
buckeye tree, and this number was
maintained all day and for many days,
though the individuals were going and
coming all the time.
In order to obtnin definite knowl
edge as to the food of hummingbirds
in general, and the ruby-throat in par
ticular, 59 stomachs of this species
were examined. Although the hum
mingbirds are the smallest of the
avian race, their stomachs are much
smaller In proportion to their bodies?
than those of other birds, while their
livers are much larger. This would
Indicate these birds live to a consid
erable extent upon concentrated
sweets, as stated above, and that the
Insects, spiders, etc., found in the
stomachs do not represent by any
means all their food. The quantities
of food found in these tiny stomachs
are so minute and the Insects com
prising them are so small that Identi
fication Is very difficult nnd uncer
tain. The food of the hummingbird fam
ily, it appears, possesses but little
economic Interest, and that little !
mostly In the wrong direction. The
ants eaten are probably largely
parasitic species and so to be reck
oned as useful, while the gnats and
spiders may be considered as neutral,
although It Is possible that some of
the former may be of the gallgnat
family nnd so be harmful. The bugs
eaten are probably mostly of the in
jurious species. On the other hand,
hummingbirds do no harm to any prod
uct of husbandry and, as they are
beautiful and Interesting creatures,
their preservation may well be urged
on purely sentlmentul grounds.
Odd Names for Pickaninnies.
A colored servant In Aiken, S. C,
who had Just heard of the birth of her
third granddaughter, nnd who was in
a quandary as to what to name tho
child, heard her mistress rending an
account of the Titanic disaster and
rather fancied the Carpathla. So In
the old town of Aiken there's a little
pickaninny running around by the
name of Carputlila Jackson. The oth
er two grandchildren are Exlma Jack
son and Mutual Life Insurance Jackson.
He who si"
sclous of tl
will be at fi
The Missing Coat-Tails
Schoolboys usuully stand by one an
other and refuse to betray a compan
ion who is In trouble. A well-known
instance of this occurred while Doc
tor Vuughun wus headmaster of Har
row. Returning one night from a din
ner party the master caught sight of
a pupil who was taking a walk when,
according to tho rules, he ought to
have been In bed. The moment the
boy saw Lis taaster he fled as If for
his life. Doctor Vaughan ran also in
hot pursuit, and Just managed to seize
his pupil's coat-tails. After a lively
tussle the boy escaped, leaving one
tail in the master's hands. It was a
dark night, and the master bad not
recognized the pupil, of which he had
not seen much more than the back.
He made sure, however, that be would
find out the culprit In tho morning by
means of the missing coat-tall Bat
when Doctor Vnughan entered the
school he saw that every boy of the
sixth form. had only one tall to his
coat! Thus the offender went
HARMFUL CHINCH BUG
Evident That Pest Is Threatening
Next Year's Crop.
One Plan of Eradication Is to Burn
Over Fields, Woods and Other Fa
vorable Winter Quarters
Heat Will KIM Many.
(By L. HASEMAN, Missouri Agricultural
Judging from the numerous com
plaints being received by the Missouri
agricultural experiment station, it
seems evident that the chinch bug Is
threatening next year's crops. Over
the state generally the chinch bug's
day was brought to a close by the
heavy rains of 1915, but as usual, there
were enough "for seed" this last
spring, and with the unusually dry
summer Just passed these Increased
They seem to be most abundant in
the central part of the state. Through
out most of the corn and wheat belts
of the state there are probably enough
bugs to cause severe outbreaks next
year, If weather conditions should be
especially favorable for them. A
dry fall, mild winter, with but little
snow and rain, followed by a dry
spring and summer are the conditions
which will fnvor the pest. The chinch
bug Is abundant now, due to the favor
able summer Just passed, but with
plenty of rainfall and snow during the
full, winter, nnd spring, the chances
will be decidedly against outbreaks
Since It Is not possible to know what
the fall, winter, and spring may have
In store In the way of favorable or
unfavorable weather, every farmer
should do everything possible to re
duce the chance of chinch-bug In
juries next summer by getting rid of
favorable winter quarters. They winter
in dry, protected places, such as mead
ows, pastures, aiulwaste lands, In
woods, neglected fence rows, and sim
ilar places. Very few winter In corn
fields or In wheat fields. After killing
frosts have come, select a dry day
when there Is not too much wind and
burn over fields, woods, and other fa
vorable winter quarters. The heat
will kill many of the bugs and expose
the rest to the winter and to natural
enemies. This pest can be fought suc
cessfully at only two times during the
year, namely: while clustered In win
ter quarters, and while migrating from
wheat to corn In the summer. Now Is
the time to get ready to fight the pest
while in winter quarters and prevent
it from proving destructive next year.
A recurrence of this pest like the out
breaks of 1012, 1018, and 1914, which
dnmaged Missouri crops at least $5,
000,000, should be prevented If possible.
Splendid Farm Team.
If those glands become clogged by
sweat particles and dirt a very Im
portant waste channel Is closed.
In addition to keeping tho sweat
glnnds open and the body In good
working order, grooming Improves the
quality of the hair and the general
condition of the coat. Feeding alone
will not put a team In proper shtipe,
but proper grooming combined with
feeding will go far toward It.
CORN VALUABLE IN THE SILO
Where Used for Feeding Silo Is Most
Economical Place to Store the
An acre of corn ensiled with cars
and stalks will produce as much, If
not more, milk or beef thnn the same
acre of corn with the stalks ensiled
nnd the ears fed as ground corn. The
extra expense nnd labor of husking
nnd storing the ear corn Is very
largely wasted unless the desire Is
to market the ear corn.
If there Is sufllclent feed on the
farm and the eur corn will cure out
properly when snapped off In the man
ner described, then It might, he profit
able to follow this practice; but If the
corn is not to be sold as ear corn and
Is to be used for feeding on the farm,
then the silo Is the most economical
place In which to store the entire
TRYING OUT SHEEP BUSINESS
Nothing In Inferior Business to En
courage Farmer In Falling in Love
The: u is no advantage In trying on!
the sheep business by buying the
cheapest ami poorest quality of sheep
to learn On. This class of sheep has
nothing In Its fitvor anil tba owner lias
nothing io encourage blm in fulling in
love with the Industry; In fact, In
could not embark 111 any live stock III
dustry tluit would be more trying on
his patience, lend more discourage'
incuts ami have less enthusiasm In It
than to become the owner of n lot of
MOST IMPLEMENTS RUST OUT
HOLDING WOOD IN SAWBUCK
Illustration Shows Device for Prevent
ing Stick From Rolling While
Anyone who has used a sawbuck
knows how Inconvenient it Is to have
a stick roll or lift up as the saw blade
Is pulled back for the next cut. With
the supplementary device, shown In
the sketch, from Popular Mechanics,
which can lie easily attached to the
Stirrup Holds Wood.
sawbuck, these troubles will be elim
inated. It consists of two cross
pieces hinged to the back uprights of
the sawbuck and u foot-pressure stir
rup fastened to their front ends as
Spikes are driven through the
crosspieces so tbut their protruding
ends will gouge Into the stick of wood
being sawed. The stirrup is easily
thrown buck for laying u piece of wood
In the crotch.
BEWARE OF THE CROWN-GALL
Considerable Danger In Using Rasp
berries as Fillers Among Fruit
Trees In Orchard.
There has come to be considerable
danger In using raspberries us fillers
among fruit trees.
The crown-gall disease now fre
quently attack! the different varieties
of raspberries and will be coniinuni
cated from raspberries to the fruit
trees growing In their vicinity.
It Is therefore now considered the
safer plan to use the blackberries for
fillers among fruit trees rather than
Proper Housing Will Offset Injury to
Large Extent Coating of Oil Is
Most farm implements rust out be
fore lliey wear out 1'roper bousing
will offset rust and corrosion to a large
extent, but In damp weather the best
melhod of preventing rust Is to coat
all unpointed parts of the machinery
with a heavy oil, thick enough so It
will not run off. This coating keeps
air and moisture away and prevents
rust from starting.
Swamps May Be Redeemed.
Swamps on the furm are like durk
spots on the human character. They
are neglected nnd misunderstood and
may be redeemed to usefulness and
beauty by proper cultivation.
Inbreeding Weakens Vitality.
While inbreeding is tho surest and
quickest means to Hi type, the sys
tem weakens vitality unless very care
GREAT VALUE OF HONEY BEES
Wisconsin Horticulturists Recognize
Worth of Insects as Pollcnir
Wisconsin horticulturists producing
annually thousands of dollars worth
of fruit Ohd berries recognize the
value of bees ns pollenllsing agents
and either keep bees In, or - near
ibelr orchard, regardless of whether
or not any honey Is produced. Wiscon
sin Bulletin 'JM.
CAREFUL HANDLING OF FRUIT
Necessity for Avoiding Bruising and
Mechanical Injuries More Urgent
Than Is Realized.
Small bruises ami breaks Jn tho
skin of fruits are large onoir'li to af
ford entrance to the sports fungi,
and the necessity for the uti, .1 care
In all operations connected with the
handling of the fruit, to uvold bruis
ing und mechanical injuries, Is more
argent than most growers realize.