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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1910)
Tolling: tn Rowlif.
'Mark 61: 48. -No
crown that men give, save of thlrn,
If not of their love, wouldst Thou
wear. ' v
The glitter of earth Thou didst scorn,
And turn tc the mountain of prayer.
But though with the Father alone,
With holy communion content,
Their "tolling In rowing" was known,
Whom Thou o'er the water hadat
.-. ' J
Those -w&tsrs were ar.gry and dark;
The winds and the billows were
The surges broke over their bark,
And hopeless destruction seemed
But, coming Thy tollers to save,
The sea must Thy pathway prepare,
Who speakest to wind and to wave,
And lo! a great calm everywhere.
And thus on our life's stormy deep,
When "tolling In rowing" with fear,'
Thy vigil we know Thou wilt keep,
And wilt for our succor appear.
For all who, obedient to Thee,
Oo forth Thy command to fulfill,
For them Thou wilt walk on the sea,
And bid every tumult be still.
Rev. Edward A. Collier.
Oar Dally Bread.
Prince Albert, consort of Queen Vic
toria, made a translation of a German
hymn, which attained to some popu
larity In England and Scotland. One
stanza was used in some households
as grace before meat. It ran thus:
God bless our going out, nor less
Our coming In, and make them sure;
Ood bless our dally bread, and bless
Whate'er we do, whate'er endure;
In death unto His peace awake us,
And heirs of His salvation make us.
It Is told of a Brooklyn city mis
sionary, the Rev. Henry Bromley, that
he was passing one day through the
dark hall of a tenement, when he
caught the words of this stanza
through an open door. ' . ;
Looking, within, be saw a woman
and three children seated at a table,
whereon lay only a loaf of bread. The
reverence and the apparent refinement
of the family Impressed him deeply,
and gave to the lines a new beauty.
That evening a company of Chris
tian men met to dine together and to
consider some question of religion or
philanthropy, and Mr. Bromley was
asked to say grace. He related the in
cident, and repeated the stanza. Then
the company sat down to dinner.
After the conference was over, a
tranger, who had been present as the
friend and guest of one of the com
pany, came to Mr. Bromley, and asked
him for some further description of
the woman who had recited the lines.
Such information as Mr. Bromley was'
able to give was received with the
very greatest Interest, and the strang
er asked to be conducted to the tene
"Long ago, in' our country home in
Scotland," he said, "my grandmother
taught my slater and myself to tepeat
that grace. Our grandmother died;,
my sister married and went,' I know
not where. It is years now since I
lost sight of her; but every day In my
own home that grace is said, and I feel
sure that in my sister's home, If she is
living, it is also repeated."
The woman in the tenement and this
man were . Indeed brother and sister,
and were thus reunited after years of
eparatlon years that on her part had
been full of trial.
God's blessing, dally asked upon the
humble loaf and the going out and
coming In of the orphaned household,
had never tailed through the years of
privation, and it grew more abundant
in the finding of the brother. Youth's
Show Its the Father.
"He that hath Been Me hath seen the
More fully than In the marvels of
creation, the splendors of the morning,
or the. smiling mystery of the starry
sky, the invisible Father has shown
Himself to us in the . eyes of Jesus.
Those eyes looked out upon the infin
ite life, and in their mild depth might
be read what passes in the heart of
God concerning us. But out of this
truth another springs; God did not
only clothe Himself in humanity In
the person of Jesus, once and In an
extraordinary way, but He would al
ways reveal Himself in this way. Je
sus says In this same passage from
John: "He that belleveth on Me, the
works that I do shall he do also;"
' Itke Him, each of His true disciples
hows us the Father. Every man Is
a witness, a messenger; but, alas, there
are two kinds of messengers there
Ire some who announce and spread
night by the hardness of their hearts
and the maliciousness of their deeds,
veiling the face of the Father and
filling the earth with darkness. Let us
not be found among them, but In the
number of the messengers of a day,
who announce a more beautiful world,
and increase man's faith and hope;
let us show the Father. Charles Wag
Gracious God, we are troubled about
many things and cumbered with bur
dens Thou wouldst not that we bear.
But one thing is needed, and Thou,
God, art the portion of our souls for
ever. Impart to us more of Thyself,
more of Thy priceless gift of love.
The things we work for fade and per
Uh, and no earthly good abides. Help
us to lay up those treasures which
shall abide eternally. Widen our ijm-
1 pat&ies, Lord, for our brother-men ai
' . ... 1 yit 1 i I 1 1. .ut
BO nil US Willi ujb vunai eyiiiL iuo,v
we neglect no little loving deed which
will redound to Thy glory. Comfort,
the 'sojrt)wlpgichIldren of earth that
they feel that round about them are
the everlasting arms. Uplift us when
we fall and lead us ever onward in
the way of light into heavenly joys
at Thy right hand.
FAMOUS FRENCH CRIMINAL.
Trial of Mme. stelnhell In Pari
Recalla an Earlier Sensation.
If Mme. Stelnhell, recently on trial
in Paris, is the debased and wicked,
creature that the evidence presented
indicates, the curious may find her
rrototype in the Marchioness of Rrin
villlers, executed In Paris' in 1C78,
T.'hcsc nefarious prsct'fSj coupled
with her distinguished rank, exalted
her to. the very pinnacle of infamy,
the Indianapolis News says. This
woman was the daughter of an official
of the court of Louis XVI. In 1651
she married the marquis of Hrlnvll
Hers, the heir to an immense fortune,
to which stte had brought a consider
The marchioness was described as a
woman of remarkable beaut and on
to impress the beholder with a sense
of her virtue and amiability. But be
neath that fair and attractive exterior
was concealed one o'f the most de
praved hearts that ever beat within a
woman's bosom a career of degrad
Ing sensuajity had begun almost' in
her childhood. After marriage she
made the acquaintance of a Sleur Go
din, who assumed the name of St
Croix. She separated from her, hus
band and shamelessly showed her pas
sion for St. Croix, when her husband
by a lettre de cachet had him commit
ted to the bastille. In this prison St
Croix became acquainted with as
Italian, an adept in poisons. On com
ing from prison the intimacy of St
Croix and the marchioness was renew
'ed. Avarice and revenge conspired
with illicit love. She conceived the
design to poison her father and hei
two brothers that she might inherit
their wealth. This plan she success
fully accomplished. Only one memtyei
of her family remained, a sister, but
her fears were aroused and she ' e
No suspicion alighted on the march
ioness or St. Croix, and they might
have escaped had it not been for s
singular accident. While St. Croix
was busy one day preparing his poi
sons, the mask worn to protect biro
from their effects fell off and he wat
suffocated by the pernicious vapors
His property was taken possession ol
by the state, and certain amatory let
ters from the marchioness and othei
evidence were found to substantiate
their complicity in these mysterious
poisonings. The marchioness had fled
to Liege, in the' Netherlands, but was
brought back to Paris by a company
of soldiers and she offered large sums
of money to the officers to let her go
She even attempted suicide by Bwal
lowing a pin. At her trial she vehem
ently denied her guilt, but the prool
against her was overwhelming. St
Croix, given up to the torture, made t
full confession and was afterward
broken on the wheel.
On hearing the verdict against hei
the marchioness made a full confes
sion of her crimes. One of the doctors
of the Sorbonne, who attended her as
spiritual adviser between her sentenct
and death, an Interval of twenty-foui
hours, was so impressed by the evl
dence of her conversion that he Bald
he would have been willing to' ex
change places with the penitent. Sh
was beheaded and burned. Amont
the crowds who thronged to see hei
die were, says the old chronicle, manj
ladles of distinction.
Royal Vtatta Expeaalve.
Not only do the rpoms set apart fo
the accommodation of the king an
queen have to be refurnished through
out, but any house to which their ma
jestles now go t6 stay is thoroughly
overhauled from top to bottom. th
drainage system being especially in
spected. The latter precaution is taket
on account of the serious illness whlct
tefell the king then Prince of Walet
tn, 1871, when, after a visit to Lore
Londesborough, he contracted the ty
photd fever which bo very nearly endet
The decoration of the royal apart
ments calls for a knowledge of thi
tastes of the royal guests and fre
quently hundreds of dollars have t
be spent in obtaining hangings, books
brtc-a-brac and other furniture whicl
it is known that their majesties pre
fer to have in their rooms. Frequently
the house la redecorated throughout
Then it must be. remembered that it
addition to the apartments for thi
king and queen rooms have also to bt
found for .their majesties' retinue
which includes not only personal at
tendants, but also minor servants, sucl
as chauffeurs and footmen. - All thi
servants of the house will probably bi
supplied with new liveries, and thi
outdoor staff, consisting of coachmen
grooms, ' gardeners and, during thi
shooting season, game keepers, beaters
etc., has also to be largely re-enforced
Origin of "Hamper" Ulaaa.
When a glass is as full as It possi
bly can be of liquor the surface of tht
liquor Is slightly convex and the cen
ter lies higher than the brim. In vte
of this fact, such a glassful is callec
a bumper, because the liquor bumpi
up, or protrudes in the middle .
Keeping; the Soil Fertile.
According to Prof. Whitney of the
lureau of Soli, United States Depart
ment of Agriculture, a soil to be fertile
must contain a sufficient quantity of
the ash ingredients of the plants to be
cultivated, and these must be in such
soluble condition as to be taken up
by the growing plants. Soils once fer
tile are said to be exhausted when de
prived of such food as is required for
plant nutrflion, hut rest and meliorat
ing treatment will, in time, restore
such soils to a fertile condition.
UntH past the year 1750 no just
ideas upon the rotation of crops seem
ed to have been formed in any part of
- The rotation of crops affords time
for the disintegrating action of the at
mosphere, rain and frost to prepare
new material from the rock particles
In the soil and get it in a form to be
used by the plant. One crop may use
up the available food of a particular
kind faster than it-cen be prepared
by these natural agencies. When prop
erly managed- it enables one plant to
prepare food for another.
All plants exhaust the 'soil, though
in an unequal degree; plants of dif
ferent kinds do not exhaust the soil In
the same manner; all plants do not
restore to the soil a like quantity or
quality of manure, and all plants are
not equally favorable to th6 growth
of . weeds. Upon the above principles
is based a regular succession of crops.
Though the system of rotation is
adapted to every soil, no particular
rotation can be assigned to any one
description of soil which will answer
at all times, and on the demand for
different kinds of produce. On clayey
soils, beans and clover, with rye grass
are generally alternated with grain
crops,' and on dry loams or sandy
ground turnips, beets, potatoes and
clover.. On rich soils this system of
alternate husbandry is most conducive
to the plentiful production of food,
both for men and animals. One por
tion of a farm would thus be always
under grain crops, while the other por
tion was growing roots or cultivated
grasses; but, as the major part of ar
able lands can not be preserved in a
state of fertility with even this kind of
management, it is requisite that the
portion of the farm which is under
cultivated grasses should be pastured
for two or three years, in order to give
it time to recruit. The following Is a
good rotation of crops: First year,
clover; second, clover; third, corn;
fourth, oats; fifth, wheat. The clover
does well with oats, a-nd after an early
mowing can be very well prepared for
The use of the most modern meth
ods in farming is by no means re
stricted to the huge ranches of this
country. In nearly every locality in
the state farmers are using traction
engines with steam or gasoline for
power to plow and harrow their land.l
We know one ranch of 680 acres not
large for this state on which the
plowing and harrowing Is done with
a 20 .horse-power gasoline engine. This
hauls four 14-Inch gang plows and a
2-horse harrow the equivalent of the
work of twenty horses. The distance
traversed over tough soil Is from two
to two and a half miles an hour. One
harrow is placed off to the side so that
the result is a double harrowing of
the tract. It was considered too small
an area to warrant the initial expense
for the machine", but the owners of the
ranch are satisfied that it will save
Its cost In a few years. The time is
coming when the tedium of farm work
will be laid upon machinery. ,
the eighth, yeaf $1, the ninth year ?2
and tenth year $4 per tree. By plant
ing 24 feet apart 75 trees can be set
to the acre. This would give a net
return of 300 an acre the tenth yea.',
which 'would be equal to a $5,000 in
vestment at 6 per cent Thi3 is a very
conservative estimate. We have seen
ten-year-old. trees at different places
which yielded from 10 to 20 bushels,
and large trees which yielded from 30
to 50 bushels. .-,'
Tenv acres of the sand pears at the
above " conservative estimate would
bring 3,000 income, or equal to a
$50,000 investment, at 6 per cent
Whether there is a. good or poor
fruit crop it will pay to keep the fruit
trees as free from disease and injuri
ous in norm as possible. - The healthy
and uninjured tree is more liable to
bear and prove profitable than the
one full of disease and Injury. The
orchard will last longer if it is kept
clean and healthy.
Borers are among the most insidi
ous pests of the apple orchard in some
localities. On account of their habits
they cannot be reached by poisonous
sprays, and nostrums placed about the
roots, as sometimes recommended, are
utterly useless. ' The most efficient
means of preventing damage from
these pests is by anual inspection of
the trees and removal of the grubs
with a sharp pointed knife. Various
protective measures are also used.
One of the most effective Is to paint
the lower part of the stem in late
winter or early spring with a fairly
thick paint made from pure ready
mixed paints for this purpose, since
others may contain Injurious sub
stances. Wood veneer strips and wire
gauze' are sometimes 'used to prevent
the eggs from being laid on the trunks
of the trees, but white lead paint is
simple and cheaper.
Black rot is a fungous disease which
attacks the fruit, foliage, old bark and
branches of apple and pear trees. The
leaf spdt form probably causes more
damage than the other forms. Some
times black rot cankers on the trunk
and the limbs develop so rapidly as to
endanger the life of trees, but this is
seldom the case except where spraying
is wholly neglected. The fruit is rarely
seriously Jnjured, though outbreaks in
this form may sometimes be quite se
Potatoea and Corn.
While there Is much difference ot
opinion as to the rotation of crops
on a medium heavy loam, we have had
the best results from following corn
with potatoes, always being carefulUo
heavily manure the ground for the
corn and not use any stable manure
at all for the potato crop. By heavily
manuring we mean giving the soil
more than will be required by the
corn and more than will be necessary
to make good to the soil any reserve
fertility the corn takes from it; in
other words, so that there will be
some of the virtue of the manure left
for the benefit of the potatoes. For
the latter crop we confine ourselves
to an aplicatlon of mixed fertilizer,
consisting of sulphate ammonia, bone
meal and sulphate of potash, applied
at the rate of 800 pounds to the acre.
There may be no objection to the use
of stable manure for the potato crop,
provided one can obtain it well rotted,
but the fresh manure Is a scab breed
er and we never use it for potatoes.
COST OF A SHE KIMONO,
The Sand Pear.
, The sand pear Is the only pear that
Is practically free from blight. It 16
a very rapid and continuous grower.
It Is a prolific bearer and requires
less attention and will stand, more
abuse than any other fruit tree known.
The sand pear comes Into bearing
at an. early age, and at 10 years old
ordinary trees will yield from 10 to
20 bushels of pears. The trees usual
ly begin to bear at five years of age.
The sixth year each tree will net 25
cents, the seventh year 50 cents, and
A Large Poultry Farm. -
Isaac Wilbur of Little Compton, R.
I., has the largest poultry farm In the
world. He ships from 130,000 to 150,
000 dozens of eggs a year. He keeps
his fowls on the colony plan, housing
about forty in a house 8x10 or 8x12
feet in size, these houses being about
150 feet apart, set out in long rows
over the gently Bloplng fields. He has
100 of these houses scattered over
three or four fields. The food Is load
ed into a low wagon, which is driven
about to each house in turn, the at
tendant feeding as he goes; at the
afternoon feeding the eggs are collect
ed. The fowls are fed twice a day.
The morning food is a mash of cooked
vegetables and mixed meals; this mash
is made up in the afternoon of the
day before. The afternoon feed is
whole corn the year round.
took Three Women and Fire Men te
Fix Value on One In Loulavllle.
It took five men and three women
at the custom house and the silk buyer
of a Louisville department store to fix
the value of a kimono which arrived
at the office of the surveyor of customs
for appraisement the Times of that
city says. f
It was a dainty silken thing, laven
der in color, which lay on the table
of Cashier Thomas for two hours. The
garment was sent to the custom house
by the postmaster at Somerset, Ky.,
who received it a few days ago through
the mail from Japan. He did not send
in the address of the owner.
This was aggravating to the young
woman experts called in. "I know
every woman in Somerset," one said,
"aim I'd just Uko to knoir who Is go
ing to wear that."
For half an hour it puzzled Surveyor
Taylor and two or three of ihis men
assistants to discover Just what .the
garment was. . ' '
"It looks to me like the court gown
if the queen of Zanzibar,", said Clay
Miller, who measures steamboats and
superintends the loading of merchan
dise at the custom house depot.
"Don't you know anything at all?"
exclaimed one of the women clerks,
pushing her way through the puzzled
group. "Why,, that's a kimono."
"What in the thunder is a kimono "
Inquired Deputy Sam Barber. "They
don't have that kind of thing down
in Bath County, where I came from."
Finally when the officials decided
that there was nothing dangerous
about the garment they started in fix
ing the value. It was estimated to
be worth all, the way from $1,.50 to
$150. The kimono was finally carried
to a department store, where the silk
buyer said it was worth $14.
Later the kimono was bundled into
a box and started back to the Somer
set postmaster with Instructions tf
charge the owner $8.20 duty.
THE SELF-SMOKING PIPE.
An Intereatlnsr Experiment That la
After filling a decanter' about two
thirds full of water close it by means
of a cork provided with two apertures.
Through one of these, pass a short
pipe stem, affix a cork provided with
two apertures. The apertures may be
easily formed by means of a red-hot
On Thins Yet to Learn.
We have learned how to telegraph
without wires and fly without gas
bags, but the antidote for a common
ordinary cold, still mocks the foiled
searchlngs of the human . race. St
A SMALL GREENHOUSE.
i;ss5fl p i nil r -'nc
a . 2 IS
- - V.
if - VW
" i 1 -f . lis f S -
While most greenhouses are expensive to build and maintain, it is po
Bible for an amateur to have one at small expense, as an addition to the
Bou. .u ... i 8v .Wu. . ,f gteam 0f h water heat, cannot pr0T,de(j from ttt house n
ly by paying complln-enU instead ir tove wl malntaln m hlgh enouja tempertturix
poker. The later aperture serves to
fix the pipe. Finally, with the other
cork and a bent tube, form a siphon.
After the latter has been primed and
is once in operation It will tend to
empty the decanter, and the vacuum
formed will be immediately filled by
the external air flowing in through the
pipe. It is then only necessary to
light the latter In order to see it
"smoke itself tranquilly as long as
any water remains in the decanter.
This experiment is very interesting
and may easily be performed. Scien
tific American. ,
A Future Argument.
If the adoption of aeroplanes means
in end to war, it cannot, .according to
the Cleveland Plain Dealer, mean an
end to some of those disputes which
make life for some people a perpetual
"Good gracious," said MrB. Ebbs,
isn't that your husband across the
street there quarreling with the man
on the opposite porch?" .
"Oh, they're not really quarreling,'
said the wife of the man in question.
"They dispute that way every night.
George is a monoplanlst, and Mr. Stig
;ins is a blplanlst"
1778 John Jay of New York elected
President of Congress.
1807 Kingdom of Etrurla aissoivea
and annexed to France. , '
1813 Gen. McClune, commanding at
Fort George, burnt the Canadian
village of Newark, and two days
later was compelled by the British
to abandon the fort "
1816 First savings bank In the United
States opened . in Boston. .. .In
diana admitted to the Union as the
nineteenth State. '
1817 Mississippi- admitted to the Un
ion as the twentieth State. -
1828 The Legislature of- Georgfa pro
tested against the last tariff act
passed by Congress.
1830 The first locomotive built in the
' United States was finished and
tested at the foundry . at West
Point, N. Y. ,
(833 The Green Bay Intelligencer ap
peared at Green Bay, Wis.
1838 Silk growers met in convention
in Baltimore and organized a na
tional silk society.... The Monroe
railroad in Georgia opened to pas
senger traffic between, Macon and
1844 Jefferson Davis entered the
House of Representatives from
1847 Sir Donald Campbell became
Lieutenant Governor of. Prince Ed
ward Island. ' .
I860 Nearly 100 lives lost by. an ex
plosion on the steamboat Anglo
Norman at New Orleans.
1854 Doctrine of Immaculate Concep-
tlon proclaimed by the Pope.
862 Confederates victorious at ' the .
battle of Fredericksburg, Va....
Fredericksburg, Va., bombarded by
the Federal army.
1867 House of Commons adopted pre
liminary resolutions in regard to
the acquisition of Rupert's Land
and the Northwest Territories....
Reconstruction convention met in
1889 Funeral of Jefferson Davis in
1891 The Knove ' bridge across the
Ohio River above Cincinnati open
ed for traffic. . .
1895 William O. Bradley inaugurated
as first Republican Governor of
1898 Sir William 'Vernon Harcourt re-.
signed the leadership of the Liber
al party in England.
1899 Sir George Kirkpatrick, former
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
and Speaker of the House of Com- .
mons, died in Toronto.
1901 Slgnor Marconi 1 announced the
receipt at St. John's, Newfound
land, of wireless signals from
Cornwall, 1,700 miles distant
1902 Vermont substituted for her pro
hibitive liquor law a local option
1903 Niagara Falls, Ontario, Incorpo
rated as a city.
1904 Earl Grey assumed office as Gov
ernor General of Canada. .. .New
BrltlBh ministry formed by Sir
1907 Gustav V. ascended the throne
' Terror of the Blrda.
First Yokel Wot about these yer
Second Yokel I'd like to see 'em all
gormed! Last week we 'ad three chick
ea run over by them motors, and now
the- pigeons won't dare fly about in
case some hairyplane sh'ld cut 'em
down. Life ain't wot it used ter be."
M. A. P. ''-.-
" Toole Them In Too.
"The people on that farm are such
warm-hearted, hospitable folks. They
will take anybody in."
"I know they will. We boarded with
them last summer." Baltimore Amer
ican. ,y ,
From Bad Won.
Blobba Why don't you consult n
doctor about your insomnia? Slobbs
What! And run up more bills? "vy,
K b because or wnat I owe nim now
that I can't sleep. Tit-Bits.
Not Acnalnted with It.
Tn, what's s sine qua nonT
"Oh, pshaw, don't ask me! I ain't
had my automobile long enough to
learn about all of these - technical
names yf Chicago Record-Herald.
n ."-m.,.,.,.A'..klUL,i , r .. I ,
The first local unions of printers
were established in 1831.
There are 65,000 Chinese andLascar
seamen now on British vessels.
Ship owners in England have forced'
down wages from $25 to $15 a month,
and this has reduced the membership
of the unions. -
In order of membership the first four
divisions of America's labor, army are
miners, carpenters, painters and gar
One feature of the great labor dem
onstrations, or strikes, that have Occu
pied public attention for the last year
has been the uniform demand on the
part of the workers for arbitration of
A. Rosenberg, president of the Gar
ment Workers' Union, says that In his
line more men than women are em
ployed in the larger cities, but that In
smaller places women and girls do
much the greater part of the work. 1
John T. Smith, of the cigar makers.
Is the labor member of the public util
ity commission of Kansas City, Mo.
This commission is a standing body
that deals with telephones, street rail
ways, electric lighting, etc.
Only 29 years old, Matthew Woll,
president of the International Photo
Engravers' Union, is probably the
youngest International president
Working "at the bench" by day and
studying at night he put himself
through a considerable law course.
Tne Railroad Telegraphers' Union la
a widespread one. It has members In
Canada, the United States, Porto Rico,
Cuba, the Hawaiian Islands and the
A plan has been approved for organ
ization among the 600,000 commercial
stenographers and typists in the Uni
ted States and Canada who would be
eligible to join a union.
The International Glove Workers
Union favors woman suffrage on the
ground that "the ballot for women ta
essential to economic Independence ot
the working classes."