Southwest Oregon recorder. (Denmark, Curry County, Or.) 188?-18??, October 28, 1884, Image 6

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Speaking at a Monster De
monstration in Onlo.
Remarkable Gatherinn for Cleve
iantl at olumUu !ietches by
Jlendricka, HayarU and
other Itiatinguiahed,
The recent Democratic gathering at
Columbus was the grandest political de
monstration that evlr took place in Ohio
Columbus was fairly ablaze with enthu
siasm, and a magnificent display of fire
works lent a brilliant hue to the whole
demonstration. Early in the morning
great trains of. uniformed clubs came
pouring into the city, and from that
time until dark the railway station was
filled with a mass of humanity aa tho
trains were unloaded, y. When the train
bearing Mr. Hendricks arrived in the
city that gentleman was met by a great
concourse of citizens, who cheered him
to the echo. The procession mored to
the opera house, where a conference of
Democratic leaders was in progress. Tho
ccne as Mr. Hendricks entered beggars
description. It was a grand reception.
Speeches were made by Senator Bayard,
J. R. Doolittle and others. Mr. Hen
dricks talked for a few minutes.
The evening demonstration was th
grandest of the kind in the history of
Columbus. Twenty thousand men were
in line, bearing torches. The speaking
waj done from four stands in the State
house square, as follows: East Terrace '
Ex-Governor Hendricks, Governor R.
M. McLane, the Hon. George II. Pendle
ton, the Hon. J. A. McMahon and the
Hon. G. II. Barger; West Terrace The
Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, the Hon. J. R.
Doolittle, the Hon. Henry B. Payne,
GencralJames Craig, the Hon. J. F.
Follett; South Terrace Speaker John
G. Carlisle, General Mansur, General
Durbin Ward, the Hon. D. S. Gooding,
General FiDley ; North Terrace The
Hon. Patrick A. Collins, James A. Mc
Kenzie, Governor Hoadly, General Den
ver, and the Hon. P. J. McCarthy the
latter from Pennsylvania. Letters were
read from prominent Democrats and inde
pendent Republicans pledging co-operation
in the effort to keep the country
from being disgraced by such a man as
Blaine for President.
At rhe afternoon meeting Senator
Thurman presided. Mr. Thurman intro
duced Senator Bayard, who said in sub
stance: "It is to bring back this good
form of Republican government that I
appear among you. I believe it was
only last night that a great Republican
party leader said from this platform
that he was sorry that the national
campaign was using such trivial matters
as private letters. My friends, I wish wo
could go into a court of conscience with
Republicans. Republicans were forced
to accept any additions to their ranks
without questioning their character, be
cause they needed their help. Thus they
have overlooked wrongs in their conven
tion. I believe that one-half of the Re
publican party in their own hearts did
aot believe that Hayes and Wheeler were
elected." ' Mr. Bayard traced the workings-
of the Republican party for the past
twenty-four years in convention, showing
that Blaine's nomination was the logical
outcome of the party. "We do not care
whether they go into our private life or
not. We have a good record. We
neither fight women nor children. We
do not personally attack Blaine or Logan
except as they represent the party. They
are not the disease they are the symp
toms." Mr. Bayard next referred to the
Independent movement in New England
and the Middle States. "The people
there," said he, "have concluded that
maladministration has gone on long
enough and favor the election of GroTer
Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks.
They have recoiled from what they em
braced before. What are the cries of the
Republican party in this campaign? The
use of public power for private uses is
everywhere prevalent. If you justify it
you justify a breach of trust. It is a sort
of ork that mates James G. Blaine the
candidate of the Republican party for
President of the United States. '
" Class legislation is not the American
idea of government. The government
was founded to promote the happiness of
all and not a part, or even for the great
est number. The voice ot the poor and
feeble should always be heard and
listened to. Therein lies the broad hu
manity, the broad idea of justice, that
ha3 made me a Democrat. We can't
make weak men strong, but we can see
that all have equalities and opportuni
ties. The depositions of Mr. Blaine, Mr.
Mulligan, Mr. Warren Fisher, taken at
' time of investigation, he had read care
fully because it was his duty. Noun
biased man could read them and know
things there described and then consider
Mr. Blaine fit for the trust which the Re
publican party proposed to give him. .
Numbers of letters were read from
prominent Democrats, among them
Samuel J. Randall, Joseph E. McDon
ald, A. G. Curtin,.II. W. Slocum, Hugh
J. Jewett, Joseph Pulitzer, A. T. Mer
rick, Wm. F. Vilas, Abram S. Hewitt.
John W. Breckinridge, Wm. S. Holmanj
W. S. Groesbeck.
Henry B. Payne in a long and able
peech referred to the corruption of the
Bapublican party and concerning the
tariff said: What danger is to be feared
from the enaclment into law of tba
Democratic policy in regard to the tariff I
It is evident that the Republican party is
determined to discuss but one issue dur
ing this campaign, and that Is the tariff.
Thinking to put the Democrats on the
defensive and thereby shield their own
maladministration from investigation
and exposure, they have the audacity to
charge that we are free-traders and
hostile to American labor and domestic
industries. This mendacious charge
purpose to meet with the broadest de
nial, and will show that it is utterly'
baseless and false. It would be a use
less consumption of time to review the
controversies over the tariff previous to
1883. The act of that year is the law of
the land and cannot be amended or re
pealed except by the concurrent action of
the two houses of Congress and the ap
proval of the executive. It was enacted
by a Republican Congress; the methods
pursued in its passage were bitterly parti
san and arbitrary, and whatever of merit
or demerit it contains must be credited
and debited in the account of that party.
The occasion for its passage was the gen.
eral demand for a reduction of revenue.
An enormous surplus had accumulated
in the treasury; taxation under the law
of 1867 had become fearfully burden--some;
hence an imperative necessity for
a revision of the tariff with a view to n
material reduction of duties on imports.
To that policy all parties and interests
assented. A commission of experts, after
an elaborate inquiry and much careful con
sideration, recommended an average re
duction of twenty per cent. The law as
finally passed, in the estimate of the
finance committee of the Senate, would
reduce the revenues 45.000,000. But
the results have disappointed all parties,
and are satisfactory to no one. Instead
of twenty per cent, the reduction
has been less than four instead
of $45,000,000, it has not reached
$20,000,000. It has thus signally failed
to accomplish the main purpose of its
enactment. The positive necessity for
relief from excessive revenues and bur
densome taxation was again presented to
Congress by the treasury department. It
declared that relief must come from re
duced duties on imports, and favored
adding largely to the free list, taxing ar
ticles of necessity, such as tea, coffee, su
gar, &c, more lightly than articles of
luxury, favoring raw materials and do
mestic industries. This much for the'
policy of the administration.
The Republican platform admits the
imperfection of the present law and
pledges itself to a revision in order "to
correct it3 inequalities" and "reduce the
surplus" by "such methods as will relieve
the taxpayers without injuring the labor
or the great productive interests of the
country." This declaration is sugar
coated and interlarded with sweetly
toned general platitudes, but specifying
only the single item of wool, as to which
it offered a feeble and illusive promise.
As to the claims of necessaries for prefer
ence over luxuries and of raw materials
over the manufactured article, it is omi
nously silent.
The Democratic platform pledges the
party to a revision of the tariff and a re
duction of taxation equally with the Re--publican
platform, but is more explicit
and forcible in its terms. In regard to
home industry and American labor it em
ploys unequivocal language. It declares
that "in making reduction of taxes it
does not propose to injure any domestic
industries, but promote their healthy
growth." "Moreover, many industries
have come to rely on legislation for suc
cessful continuance, so that any change
of law must be at every step regardful
of the labor and capital thus involved.''
"The process of reform must be subject
in the execution to this plain dictate of
justice." -"The necessary reduction in
taxation must be effected without de
priving American labor of the ability to
compete successfully with foreign labor
and without imposing lower rates of
duty than will be ample to cover auy in
creased cost of production which may
exist in consequence of the higher rates
of wages prevailing in this country."
At night Capitol square was packed to
suffocation. The 35,000 strangers who
had swarmed into the city were joined
by as many more from thi3 city, and the
crowd fairly captured the streets. The
procession began to move about 8 o'clock.
The thousands of uniformAd men, the
waving banners, the torchlights and il
luminations made up a magnificent spec-'
tacle. All along the line of march from
the doors and windows and housetops
thousands waved flags and handkerchiefs
and cheered without cessation. During
the parade speakers ocenpied stands at
various points in the State house yard
and spoke to a multitude of listeners.
Mr. Hendricks was introduced by ex
Senator Thurman. He expressed the
opinion that there should be a change of
administration. Senator Sherman had
said in very rough language last night
that he (Hendricks) had misrepresented
the national treasury. The remark re
flected more on Mr. Calkins, the Repub
lican candidate for governor of Indiana,
than on himself, Mr. Calkins had said
in a speech that the Republicans found
the treasury empty, and now it was full
to overflowing. He (Hendricks) had
quoted Mr. Calkins on the supposition!
that he knew, being a member of Con-i
grcss. The question is whether taxation
is too high and ought to be reformed.
Two years ago President Arthur had said
that taxation was too high and ought to
be lightened. The revenue annually ex
ceeded the needs of the government bv
$100,000,000. In 1882 the excess was
but $145,000,000. Congress undertook
a slight concession, but at the second
session afterward the secretary of the
treasury reported that the reduction did
not relieve the people as it should, the
excess being $85,000,000. This excess
is increasing annually, so that the speaker
did not suppose Calkins must be mis
taken. U the $33,000,000 remained with
the people or In the channels of trade,
would it not be a great benefit? In a
sentence, the Democratic platform says
the taxation should not exceed the
needs of the ' government. It
should be for public purposes
alone, and should be highest on articles
of luxury. By its honor tho Democratic
party stands pledged to support these
principles. In discussing Blaine's for
eign policy, the speaker related the in
cidents of the arrest in Pierce's adminis
tration, by Austrians, of Costa, a Hun
garian, who had become an American
citizen, and the seizure by an English
constable, when Blaine was secretary of
State, of McSweeney, an Irishman, who
was a naturalized American citizen. He
said there was something wrong between
the Republicans and Germans, and the
latter would not support Blaine, the dif
ferences having been widened by Blaine's
conduct in regard to prohibition in Maine.
The speech closed with an appeal for
citizens to vote for Cleveland and him
Speaker Carlisle made the most elab
orate speech of the night, arraigning the
Republican party for corruption, the loss
of the navy, and public lands, and other
mismanagement in government affairs.
He also arraigned tho Republicans for
encouragement to corportions and mo
nopolies, and for the wholesale pillage
of funds uselessly collected from the peo
ple. Denying that he was a free trader,
he proceeded to advocate tariff and rev
enue reform on the basis of collecting
taxes exclusively for the economical ad
ministration of the government. He held
that workingmen were being deluded by
the question of wages when, in fact, they
were kept poor by high prices. Labor
troubles were heard of on all hands. The
(Republican party believes in .high
taxes and great expenditures, with the
fullest license to itself, while it sought
to control the ta3tes and habits of the
people. The Democrats favored consti
tutional rights and personal liberty.
They were in favor of no discriminations
by a protective tariff, but were for the
growth of all industries. They did not
believe in the theory of getting rich by
ourselves and not trading with others.
The Democrats promised to have a rev
enue tariff which would reduce taxes
and benefit all alike. The speaker de
voted much of his time in answering
Blaine's letter of acceptance as to the
tariff question and the growth of wealth
in this country under Republican rule.
He spoke for over two hours on this and
the subject of general retrenchment and
reform in the body politic. He held
that the people's servants had become
the people's masters ; that by corruption,
fraud and bribery these masters were
perpetuating themselves in power and
enslaving the people with burdens and
taxes and maladministration. He held
that not only war taxes but war customs
were still in use. The civil as well as
the military service of the country was
increased by the war, and yet there had
been no reduction in tiac civil service aa
there had been in the army, and over
100,000 officeholders are now sustained
at an enormous expense, which is in part
The following letter from Governor
Cleveland was read:
Executive Mansion, Albany, )
September 23, 1884.
My Dear Sir: I very much regret
that pressure of ofhcial duties will pre
vent my joining you at the meeting to
be held in Columbus on the 25th inst.
I hope the meeting will be a complete
success and that it will be the means
of increasing the enthusiasm already
aroused for the cause of good govern
ment. I believe that the voters of the
country are fully alive to the neces
sity of installing an administration of
public affairs which shall be truly their
own, not only because it is the result of
their choice, but because its selected in
strumentalities are directly from the
body of the people and impressed with
the people's thoughts and sentiments.
They are tired, I think, of rule so long
continued that it has bred and fostered a
class standing between them and their
political action, and whose interests in
affairs end with partisan zeal and the
advancement of personal advantage.
Let me remind the people that if they
seek to make their public servants feel
their direct responsibility to them and
careful of their interests, their objects
will not be accomplished by blinded
adherence to the party which has grown!
arrogant with long-continued power
Let me impress upon the people that tht
issue involved in . tho pending canvass :ij
the establishment of a - pure and honest
administration of their government.- Lei
me show them a way Uo '.this'-and warn
them against any cunningly-designed ef
fort to lead them into other paths of irrele
vant discussion. ? With these considera
tions befoie them, and with an earnest
presentation of our claims to the con
fidence of the people and of heir re
sponsibility, we need not fear the result
of their intelligent action. Yours very
truly, G rover Cleveland.
To Allen 3. Thurman.
Address of ihs Democratic National
The following address has been issued
by the National Democratic Executive
committee through its chairman:
To the people of the United States:
The National Democratic party of the
United States has pledged itself to purify
the administration of public affairs from
corruption, to manage the government
with economy, to enforce the execution
of the laws and to reduce taxation to the
lowest limit consistent with just protec
tion to American labor and capital, and
with the preservation of the faith which
the nation has pledged to its creditors
and pensioners.
The open record of the man whom it
has named as its candidate for the presi
dency has been accepted by thousands
of Independent Republicans in every State
as an absolute guarantee that if he is
elected all these pledges will be exactly
fulfilled, and that under his administra
tion good government will bo assured.
; To secure these results all good citi
zens must unite in defeating the Repub
lican candidate for President. His his
tory and political methods make it cer
tain that his administration would be
stained by cross abuses, by official mis
conduct and wanton expenditure of the
public money, and would be marked by
an increase "of taxation which would
blight the honest industry of our people.
, Against us and against those honor
able Republicans who, for the sake of
good government, have made common
cause with us, notable combinations have
been made.
These are chiefly made up of four
First An army of office-holders, who,
by choice or compulsion, are now giving
to Republican committees, as parts of the
campaign fund of that party, moneys
paid to such officers out of "the public
treasury for services due to the people
of the United States.
Second Organized bodies of men who,
having secured by corrupt means the im
position of duties which are in excess of
all sums needed for the wants of the gov
ernment and for the protection of Ameri
can labor and capital, and having thus
gained enormous wealth, are willing to
pay largely to the Republican campaign
fund for the promise of the continuance
and increase of such duties which con
stitute a system of bounties to monopo
lies under the false pretense of protection
to American industry.
Third A host of unscrupulous con
tractors and jobbers, who have grown
rich upon public plunder and are ready
to pay tithes for what they have acQuired
in order to avoid all risk of being called
to account for the evil methods by which
their wealth has been gained.
Fourth Corporations which, having
spoiled the public iands by the aid of
corrupt agencies in tho Republican
party, believe they will be compelled
to give up their ill-gotten gains if that
party is driven from power, and are,
therefore, willing to keep it in place by
giving a percentage of their unright
eous profits.
This committee has no troops of office
holders at its command.
It will not agree to sell the future
legislation of Congress for money paid
now into its party treasury.
It will not promise immunity to
It will not contract to uphold any cor
rupt bargain heretofore made by the Re
publican party with any corporation, for
all the wealth which such corporation
can offer.
It appeals to the people against one and
all of these opponents, thus corruptly
banded together against the friends of
good government.
The number cf all these opponents is
small, but their wealth is great, and it
will be unscrupulously used. An active
and vigorous campaign must be made
against them. Their paid advocates must
be met and defeated in debate upon the
platform and in discussion in the news
papers. The organization of all who are
opposed to them must be perfected in
every State, city and county in the land.
Money is needad to do this honest work.
Your committee, refusing to adopt the
methods by which the Republican party
fills its treasury, calk upon all good citi
zens for the aid which it requires.
It invites and will welcome contribu
tions from every honest man who is op
posed to the election of James G. Blaine
as President. No contribution will be
accounted too small. Wherever a bank,
banker or postal money order office can
be found the means exist for placing at
the disposal of the treasurer of this com
mittee individual or collective contribu
tions in aid of the great cause in which
we are engaged, or money may be remit
ted by mail to Charles J. Canda, treasur
er, at 11 West Twenty-fourth strcet,New
When victory is achieved over the un
scrupulous combination which is now en
deavoring to thrust James G. Blaine into
the presidential otlice, the recorded list
of such contributors will be a roll of
honor such as no other party in this coun
try has ever possessed.
Our opponents cannot be saved from
disaster by forcing their unwilling can
didate to speak to assemblages of the
The man who wrote the Fisher letters
will never be the choice of the people for
the presidency of the United States.
Arthur P. Gorman,
Chairman National Democratic Executive
The New Kuliigan Letters.
The publication of the last series of
Mulligan letters completes the national
humiliation of the nomination of Mr.
Blaine. Had the letter written by him
to Mr. Fisher on the 10th of April, 1876,
inclosing a letter which he asked Mr.
Fisher to copy and return to him as his
own voluntary act been made public be
fore the Republican convention it is im
possible that Mr. Blaine could have been
nominated, unless the Republican party
has- really fallen as low as its Democratic
opponents assert. ' It is now plain
enough why Mr. Blaine was so alarmed
when he heard during the investigation
that Mr. Mulligan had arrived in Wash
ington with the letters which he sup
posed to have been destroyed, and why
the passionately exciting scene with Mr.
Mulligan followed. Mr. Blaine supposed
that the letter proposing that Mr. Fisher
should tell a falsehood to protect Mr.
Blaine himself was among them, and he
knew that tVe publication of that letter
would necessarily be fatal to his hopes of
presidential nomination. The letters
previously published seemed to us suffi
ciently to show the unfitness of Mr.
Blaine for the highest official trust in
the government. But no honest man
can escape the plain conclusion of those
now made public. They convict Mr.
Blaine beyond question of takm
"44,000,000 of people into his confi
dence" and deliberately telling them a
series of falsehoods. They leave him ex
posed as trading upon his official position
as Speaker for his own gain. They com
plete the most amazing and painful dis
closure that was ever made of a candi
date for the presidency of the United
This is but one point in this shameful"
business. The amazing correspondence
will be everywhere read, and consider
ing all its revelations and implications,'
its falsifications, its prostitution of offi
cial power and influence, its debasing
view of public morality, and the deep
disgrace that it casts upon the American
name, It is hard to believe that a public
officer who has trafficked in his place as
these letters show.and has then besought
a friend to perjure himself in order to
deceive the country, can be called by the
American people to the chair of Wash,
ingtonand Lincoln. Harper'' Weekly.,
the Candidates Cantrastsd.
The most decided change that would
result from the election of Governor
Cleveland would be in the purpose and
methods of the administration. Tht
Democratic candidate is accurately de
scribed by Rev. Dr. Eggleston as one
"who possesses in an eminent degree the
virtues necessary to a man in high ex
ecutive office; integrity, truthfulness,
disinterestedness, tenacity of will and
practical wisdom." Mr. Blaine, on the
other hand, says the same writer, "has
plenty of will, but his integrity is more
than suspected. His whole career shows
him to be lacking in sincerity. Mr.
Blaine, in a word, has precisely those
vices of mind and character that pre
vent the most brilliant demagogism from
ever rising to the plane of wise states
manship" an observation whose truth
is illustrated by the career of General
Butler in our own State. The purposes
of Governor Cleveland, as President,
would be to discover and reform the
abuses which an undisturbed enjoyment
of power by one party for twenty-four
years has inevitably fostered. The object
of Mr. Blaine as President would be to
cover and conceal these abuses, lesi &
knowledge of the-n should injure his
party. He ran away from, an investiga
tion into his own conduct as a member
of the House. Neither the Credit Mo
bilier, the Star route nor any other fraud
and corruptions have owed their discov
ery to anything which Mr. Blaine has
done. The "letting out" of Dorsey's
partner, Bosler in the Star route prose
cution was not unnaturally attributed to
the "influence" of his powerful friend
at court, James G. Blaine. No man of
either party takes more naturally to th
"mystery and concealment" which Gov
ernor Cleveland says "cover tricks and
betrayal" than does slippery, tricky,
"smart" "Jim Blaine." To elect him
President means a continuation of tho
policy of letting every guilty man es
cape. To elect Grover Clcvelid means
an honest reform administration, with
all that this implies. Boston herald,
Men who usually have deep views
Divers. If it were not for church belles a good
many young men would not be drawn to
Sunday meeting.
"My name is oleomargarine,
I'm mighty nice to handle;
A tA whan thnv want ta m&ka ma
I Thev milk a tallow candle."
"Familiarity," says an exchange, "does
Dot always breed contempt. For in
stance, there is the girl and the ico
Dream." True ; but you don't know any
thing about the ice cream's opinion of
the girl. Boxbury Adcocate.
An old farmer, having read of the chol
era at Marseilles, said: "Wall, now,
that is rather bad, an' if it should come
to this 'ere country an' git it among the
hogs we mout be sorter scarce o' meat
next winter." Arkansaw Traveler.
"What's this thing ?" asked a man
wha was inspecting a music store.
"That t Oh, that's used on violins.
We call it a chin rest." "Gimme onel"
exclaimed the visitor. "S'pose it
would work on my wife I" Burlington,
Free Press,
rhe editor sat and he wrote and wrote
By the lamplight pale and dim
While the maiden sang till she strained her
Who lived next door to him.
Then the editor rose with a visage grim,
And said ash imote his breast,
The sweetest th ..g on earth to him
. Was a maiden's voice at rest
Somerville Journal.
A man who has kept an account of tho
number of kisses exchanged with his
wife since their union consents to its pub
lication as follows: First year, 36,500;
second year, 16,000; third year, 3,650;
fourth year, 120; fifth year, 2. Somo
people may not believe this, but then
some people are not married. Call.
"How in the world can you content
yourself to live in this dead-and alive
place?" asked the city visitor of her
country cousin. "I know I should die it
I had to 6tay here." "Well," replied the
rustic relative, "I suppose I should too?
but then the city folks ain't here only a
few weeks in the year, you know." 2Am
ton Transcript.
Departing, I had clipped a curl,
That o'er her brow did hang;
She, smiling, said "You're like a gun,
You go oil with a 'bang.' "
At which I pressed her lips, and cried:
"Jfor punning you've a imacs;
' But now I'm like a fisherman,
I go off with a 'smack.' "
- v Wilmington SJar.