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About The Bandon recorder. (Bandon, Or.) 1915-19?? | View This Issue
Published weekly -on Tuesdays
by The Recorder Publishing Co., Inc.
Entered at the Post Ofllce at Ban
don, Oregon, as mail matter of the
RICHARD H. SWENSON, Manager
'. ,'ako all chccka payable and address
all communications to the company.
Subscription price, $1.50 per year
"18 THERE, FOR HONEST
TB there, for honest poverty,
That hangs his head and n'
Tho coward slave, wo pass him by,
We daro bo jioor for a' that.
For a' that and a' that,
Our tolls ohrcuro and a' that,
Tho rank is but tho RUlnca Btamp,
Tho man'H tho gowd, for a'
A KINO can make a belted
A martils, duke and a' that
nut an honest man's aboon his
Guld faith, ho maunn fa' that
For a' that and n that,
Tho pith o' senso and prldo o'
Are higher ranks than a' that.
mil EN let us pray that come It
As como It will, for a' that
That sense nnd worth o'er all tho
May boar tho greo nnd a that.
For n" that and n' that
It's cotnln' yet for n' that,
That man to man tho wldo world
Shall brother bo for a' that.
HARD ON SMALL POTATOES
Times like these and issues like the
national defense arc fatal to the com
monplace political). It is barbarous
to ask him to face such a problem in
a presidentnl year and tell him his
placo depends on the kind of answer
he gives. He has no landmarks to go
by, no precedents to guide him, and
no leader whom he is not afraid to fol
low. Vainly pleading for time and
protesting his spiritual unprepared-
ncss he is dragged to his unhappy
fate. Life seemed very soft for him
before the flash of gunpowder in Eu
rope revealed the world in a searching
light, forced us to consider the rcnli
tics of our national existence, and
made us understand how intimately
our own lives and fortunes arc bound
up with it. There was no public ques
tion which he could not answer out of
the campaign book of slang, and no
patriotic longing that he could not
gratify by waving tho poor old flag.
His experience had taught him that-
one of tho best ways of disposing of
a troublesome issue is to avoid it. A I
lot of "crying needs" nnd "pressing '
problems" will evaporate if you give j
them time. Many a man whose only i
ability consists in dodging has enjoy-
cd n long, interesting and contempt-.
ible public career. A list of success
ful cowards in politics would include
eminent names among the leaders of
both parties. But once or twice in im
lifetime a real issue that cannot be
evaded arises at Washington, nnd it is
almost invariably destructive of the
timid and shuffling politican. A man
may survive who takes one side or the
other. But tho politican who doesn't
know which side to take is no better
off than he would bo between the
trenches in Flanders. He is tho most
I RECORDER CLUBBING COMBINATIONS
BANDON RECORDER, BANDON, ORE. ij
miserable of neutrals at a time when
the word neutral i3 practically synony
mous with doormat the world over. It
is a waste of time to offer advice. Con
gress at the present moment is in a
state of panic. It would hardly be
surprising if Congressmen jumped out
of the window of the Capitol before
the session ended. The Bryanites are
wild with fear of their own country
men. Many Democrats arc utterly
bewildered, and most of the Republi
cans cover in the corners and only
dare come out to utter some highly
illuminating expression about the de
lightful character of the German
American voters of their districts. It
would be useless to whisper to these
statesmen that men have been known
before this to get into office merely
by the exercise of patriotic judgment
That is language for which their own
offers, no equivalent. Colliers.
NO INCOME TAX RESTRICTIONS
Dy ts decision upholding the income
tax law the United States Supreme
Court has swept away practically all
restrictions on the discretion of Con-
. i . mi
gross in levying sucn a tax. ine
Government has always had power
to levy an income tax as an excise
tax without apportioning it among the
states according to populaion, but
could not levy it in such a manner as
to become a direct tax on the prop
erty whence the income was derived
unless it were so apportioned. It can
( row levy such a tax without consider
' ution of the source. In fact, all re
' strictions imposed by the Constitution
have been removed.
I At its inception in Great Britain
, where it orginatcd, and in this coun
try also the income tax was a war tax
' It was first imposed in Britain in 1708
o meet the expenses of the war with
I France, and was repealed in 1815,
when that war ended. The first in
come tax in the United Stales was im
posed in 1802, to meet tho expenses of
the Civil War. It was increased in
1805 and was repealed in 1871. Tho
constitutionality of that tax was sus
taincd in 1880 by the Supreme Court
which held that itwas not n direct tax
but an excise tax, and that Congress
had a right to impose it so long as it
was made uniform throughout the
United States. The largest annual
revenue it yielded was $72,982,100, in
Productiveness r.nd comparrtive
case of collection at the source, a de
vice adopted by William Pitt, father
of tho impost, soon caused resort to
the income tax for revenue in other
emergencies than war, Peel the first
reviving it in peace time in order to
effect British financial reform in 1842
It has finally been ndopted as a per
manent nnd lucrative sourc-j of rove
nuo by nearly every civilized nation.
Growth of great fortunes caused a de
mand for its adoption inlhe United
States both as a me:ui3 of compelling
the rich to contribute a just share to
public expenses and aa a means of
checking tho aggregation of wealth
in few hinds. This demand bore
fruit in the income tax piovision of
tho Wilson tarifF law o'f 1894, but these
provisions were held unconstitutional
by a fivc-to-four decision of the Sup
leme Court. The ground cf this do
cision was, as now explained by Chief
Justice White that tho effect of the
tux on income from real estate was
the same as if direct tax had been
levied on tho real estate, hence must
be regarded as direct tax, which could
not lj levied without regard to tho
President Tnft devised tho corpora
tion income tax of 1909 as an excise
tax, which the decision of 1895 had
held to be constitutional. An excise
tax is defined by Webster ns "an in-
The Recorder and the Evening Telegram both one
Tho Recorder and the Daily and Sunday Journal
one year $6.50.
The Recorder and the Daily Journal "both one
year $5.25. (
The Recorder and the Sundav Journal, both one
year for $3.00.
The Recorder and the Semi-Weekly Journal, both
one year for $2.25.
The Recorder and tho Weekly Oregonian botli one
year for $2.50.
The Recorder and tho Daily San Francisco Bulle
tin both one year $3.50.
The Recorder nnd tho Tri-Weokly New York
World, both one year $2.50.
lrnd duty or impost levied upon the
n,anufacture sale or consumption of
commodities within the country," also
as "a tax upon the pursuit' or follow
ing of certain sports, trades or occu
pations, usually taking in this case the
form of exactions for licenses." The
corporation income tax was upheld by
the Supreme Court as coming within
the latter definition of excise. At
Mr. Taft's suggestion Congress at the
same session adopted an amendment
to the Constitution authorizing the im
position of a direct tax on incomes
'from whatever source derived with
out apportionment among the several
states and without regard t6 any cen
sus or enumeration." The Supreme
Court held the corporation tax to be
valid as an1 excise tax. The amend
ment was ratified by three-foirths of
the states and it was declared in force
February 25, 1913.
Congress then passed the present
revenue law, known as the Underwood
tariff law, though also imposing an
income tax. This tax is graduated in
proportion to the amount of incomes
rising from a minimum of 1 per cent
to a maximum of 0 per cent. Incomes
below $4000 for married men, below
$!!000 for the unmarried are excempt;
also that proportion of larger incomes
The exemption and progressive fea
tures of the tax are tho points at
tacked in the recent litigaion, nnd the
Supreme Court unanimously upholds
the power of Congress to exempt cer
lain incomes nnd to impose a graduat -
The income tax is just for it taxes
the people for maintancc of the gov
ernment in proportion both to their
ability to pay and to that which they
have at stake. Tariff and internal
taxes fall on the people in proportion
to that which they consume and, as
regards necessaries, they take a larg
er proportion of smaller than of larg
er incomes, for every family, poor or
lich. must use a certain minimum
quantity of these necessaries in order
to sustain life. An income Lix falling!
more heavily on the rich is necessary
to balance the scale. If it were pos
sible to ascertain what sum for tariff
nnd internal trxes is included in the:
price of comiiioditics consumed bv
each person nnd then to calculate what
proportion of his income each person
pays in taxes, it would probably be
found that tho millionaire of whose in-1
come G per cent is tr.kcn as direct tax:
actually pays no higher percentage in
taxes of all kinds than t'ne $2-a-day
Direct taxes are also wise from the
standpoint of public p'olicyT It has
long been recognized that railroad
taxes are a fruitful courco of govern-
mental extravairance. Such taxes are
included in tho price of goods, and a I
man therefore pays them without
knowing it, and is indifferent to the
manner in which public m,onoy is spent
The income tax takes a certain sum di-
rectly out of his pocket, ho knows that
it is a tax and tlsit in return for it
he receives only the benefits of gov-
ornment- He is apt, then, to inquire
more diligently how the moncv i3
spent aiul to call upon his reprcson-
tatives k. Congress to votJ no money '
for which equal value is not teturned.
to the people. Economy planks in '
political platforms will the i have
nvore force than Nov Yc-.i-'s resolu
tions and tho pork b?rrel may be de
Below we present the regular week
ly financial letter of Schmidt & Gal
latin, forwarded us by a Chicago
friend. It may prove interesting as
showing one view point of present day
S. O. S. signals have of late been
radiating with increasing frequency
from pools and individuals operating
in those erstwhile aleatory favorites
commonly known ns "War Brides" and
"Motor Stocks". No large power
ratiocination is needed to discover th
cause of the trouble. A great many
persons and pools are carrying im
mensc quantities of non-dividend pay
ing industrial shares purchased at.
high average prices: at one time it
seemed as if .the outside spcculativ
public, inflamed by reports of largi
war orders and gross exaggeration of
prospective profits, was on the verge
of creating a runaway market which
would have relieved tho aforemention
cd pools and insiders of a h;avy
and unwelcome burden. Fortunately
speculators and investors kept thei
heads and their money and the spec!
alities are still in large measure con
ccntratcd in a few hands; many of
them enjoy a very thin market, are
poor collateral for loans and arc far
from dividends. Under these condi
tions a tendency to recalcitrate on the
part of those most concerned is ine
vitable, and we arc, therefore, of th
opinion that the stabilitation of th
market on a favorable buying basis
will not occur until a forced liquida
tion in the industrial specialities has
While it cannot be denied that many
industrial concerns have profited
greatly through munition (and war
supply contracts, the money earned
j should not be distributed to the stock
holders, but should be applied to de
prcciation, sinking funds, surplus ac
count or improvement of property
the very exotic nnd transient nature
of the business inhibits nny other
course of action. Exceedingly ger
mane to this discussion will be 'the
action of the directors of the United
States Steel Corporr.ion in respect to
tho declaration of a dividend on the
common stock; tho resumption of pay
. mcnts to the common shareholders
could with difficulty be given favor
In the face of increased business nc
tivity, inflation of security vnlucs and
new flotations on a large scale th
money market remains surprisingly
easy and n large surplus of capital
savings is still being created for fu
(turo investment. The Comptroller o
.the Currency in his nnnunl report
points out the fact that tho national
banks during the past year increased
their deposits $2,081,500,000. That
this increase was only due m part to
expansion of credits is indicated by
. the fact that the increase in loans wa
$1,1G4,000. Less than the increase in
deposits; tho implication is, therefore
that capital savings among the people
Frequently in the course of our
weekly divagations wo have had oc
casion to point out tho waste and inef.
ficiency involved in government own
ership of public utilities in this conncc
tion it is pertinent to observe that
President Wilson, originator of the
New Freedom nnd suljmntcd uplift is
trying t oplr.ee at tho head of the New
York Post Office a professional hack
politican with no business training or
knowledge of large affairs.
sller'"" Johnson handed the follow.
'"K j the Marshfield Record for pub
lication and it tins the proper sound.
"I tried to allow the people of Coos
county a few weeks in which to be
come accustomed to the new regime;
it was the sense of the sheriff's of
fice that a rigid enforcement of the
lnw the day after it went into effect
would but prejudice people so strong
ly against the statute that it would
make it additionally hard to stop vio
iations later on ,so we decided to not
ntove offensively -for a few weeks,
We wanted people to see that they
could actually get along without it
! i .i . i. i
aiul men iu net mu uiiiuiiik peu-
pie to stand with us when wo began
to close in on the violators. The time
has come now, however, to end all
short cuts to getting a drink. The
prohibition law in Coos county from
this on is going to be enforced as
strongly ns we can enforce it. There
are going to be no excuses accepted
by the shenfrs ofllce. If a man or wo.
man breaks the law, he or she will
have to explain to the district attor
ney and later to the juries. I will
gather the facts and present them to
tho prosecuting nttorney and do ev
erything to make strong cases against
whoever offends. As sheriff of Coos
county I will be glad to obtain the co
operation of everyone in stopping the
selling of liquor. It docs not make
any difference to mo who is involved
in a violation, I will do my full duty.
If any citizen lias information which
will assist the sheriff in gutting evi
dence I trust thoy will send tho same
to us, Wt will net on it and, in every
case, keep secret the name of the one
furnishing ut tln tip. If the evidence
i forthcoming I will not ht-sltute u
bout swt'urltig to the roinplulnt that
purl of thu nvitUir In not bothering mo
nt nil. Cons enmity it dry, uwordlng
In law, and it ! up to the olllml to
mu tlmt It In kvpl dry. If it fMllt.ru In
iM4t4t uInhk l'n Uutw I, m th UM i
j! v4tl W lfnly rogjHMM
iUv umJ I u;t) wttttfjp Ui thy
sponsibility, if I fail. The man or
woman who has been flirting with
booze for the past few weeks in an il
legal way had best cut it out."
President Wilson addressed a
crowded and .enthusiastic house of 6,
000 people at Pittsburg last week on
the subject of preparedness. As he
entered the great hall with Mrs Wil
son the band played Lohengren's Wed
ding March and the crowd yelled its
approval, and applauded for five min
utes. OLD FAVORITES.
SONG OF THE CAMP.
IVE us a sone!" the soldiers
Tho outer trenches RuardlnR,
TVhllo tho heated ruiis of tho
Grow weary of bombarding.
"dlvo us a ronsl" tho cuardsmen say.
"Wo storm tho forts tomorrow;
Sins whllo wo may; another day
Will brine cnouKh of sorrow."
They lay nlonp; tho butteries' side,
Uelow tho slumberlnc cannon.
Bravo hearts from Severn and from Clyds
And from the bnnkB of Bhanuon.
They sans of lovo and not of fame;
Forgot was Ilrltatn'B ulory;
Each heart recalled n different name,
Dut all sang "Annie Laurie."
Volco after volco caught up the song
Until Its tender passion
Swelled like an anthem rich and strong
Their battle ovo's confession.
Dear Klrl! Her namo ho dared not speak.
Hut as tho Bong grew louder
Something on tho soldler'n check
Washed off tho stain of powder.
And onco again a flro of hell
Untried on tho Russian quarters.
Midst scream of shot and buret of Bhell
And bellowing of tho mortars.
And Irish Nora's eyes nro dim
For n slugcr dumb and gory,
And English Mary mounts for hlra
Who Bang of "Annie Laurie."
neyond tho dark'nlng ocean burned
Tho bloody sunset's embers,
While the Crimean valleys teamed
How English lovo remembers.
Ah, soldiers, to your honored rest.
Your truth nnd valor bearing.
Tho bravest nro tho tendcrest;
The loving aro tho dartngl
llayard Taylor 1SGS.
rpiIE wind blows east, tho wind
And tho frost fulls and the rain;
And weary heart went thankful to
And muBt riso to toll again, 'gain.
And must rise to toll aguln.
rrWIE wind blowB cast, tho ulnd
blow b west.
And there comes good luck and
The thriftiest man Is the cheerful
'Tls u thriftless thing to bo sad.
'Tls a thriftless thing to bo sad.
rnilE wind docs blow us It list ill
way; Canst thou chango this world to
Tho world will wander Its own wise
I nlno will wander mine, mine,
I oIho will wuudor mine.
HERE Is a pleasure In tho pathless
Thore Is a rapture on tho lonely
Thore Is society whero nono In
trudes, fly tho deep sen nnd musla In Its roar.
I lovo not man the less, but natura more;
From theso our Interviews, In which I
From all I may bo or have been beforo
To mingle with tho unlvvrso nnd feci
hat I can ne'er oipress, yet cannot J1
Itoll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean-
Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee In
Man marks tho earth with ruin his con
Stops with tho shore; upon tho watery
The wrecks nro all thy dood, nor doth re
shadow of man's rnvngr. savo his own.
When, for n moment, like iv drop of rain.
He sinks into thy dcptlw with bubbling
Without a grave, unknell'il, uncoflln'd and
C. R. Wade, went to Myrtle Point
Friday to act as one of tho judges in
tho Myrtle Point-Marshfield high
school debate, and L. L. Gardner went
to Coquille to net in the same capaci
ty in the debate between Myrtle Point
nd Coquille. Both returned home Sat-
Traveling men it-turning from Cur
ry County state that the loss of stock
from snow nnd lack of feed and cold
enther will bo very heavy. One of
them stated during thu heavy thaw
Inst week, when high water wns thre
atened, that a telophone mesHyru wan
revived ut Gold Beach from Agnrss
stating that at nnn narrow place on
tho Rogue river nonr thorn, tho wuter
rnu upproKlinalfly night fret during
un hour, iiml tlmt tho Wi-ddi rburn
Trading ('oiiipuny in untlfuputlon n(
taomwpondlfigjy high water t tint
mini th of thu rlvur kupt u nmtr of i-
Um fifty itum lu rmHnm fur ovwr
tw i!y uw) ukhL to iuvv lu unvru
Gems In Terse
DR. H. L. HOUSTON
v Physician & Surgeon
Office !n First National Bnnk In
ing. Hours, 9 to 12 a. m; 1:30 to
r; 7 to 8 in the evening.
DR. SMITH J. MANN
Physician & Surgeon
uiuco in cuingson uuuuing. hoi
W o 12 a. m; 1 to 6 p. m.
Di. L. I1 SORENSEN
National Bnnk huj
ut house rnd oil
liANDON. OR KG
DK. K. V. LEEP
t'liysidan & Surgeon
OinY. it, Ellingson building, Phoiu
DVt. ARTHUR GALE
Physician & Surgeon
Ofllce in ENingson building. Oil
Dhone, 3f2. Residence phone, ISO
DR. 3. C. ENDICOTT
Ofllce in Ellingsm building. Offl
phone 1211. Residence phono, 11
'JK. 1. L. SCOFIELD
Office in bllingson jJiitldnig in root
l.. A .1 . r.
LHATBURN & GARDNE
Attorneys at Law
o'uit No 3
?irut Nut Bunk Bldg.,
Bandon Lodge, No. 130, A. F.
A. M. Stated communications fin
Friday lifter thu full monn
each month. Special enmmunicatior
Mustor Masons cordially inited.
W. A. LeGORE, W. A
C E. BOWMAN, Sec.
Occidental Chapter, No. 4C, O, i
S. meets Friday evenings bet or
and after stated communications o
Masonic lodge. Visiting member
cordially invited to attend.
TUT TA P1I1P XV V
MARY GALLIER, Secretary
1 .0. O. F.
O i itf l , ,
viNiLinir iirfiLiiitrH in irnnii Hutnm
GEO. II. SMITH, Secretary.
L. I. WHEELER. ' C
Uoean Rcbekah Lodce. No. 120. J
Tilnm ullo .1 11 11 W ' f-.l .
cjnnt members cordially invited
MARY C. BARROWS, Secretar
MARIAM WILSON, N
I Hotel Bandon
AMERICAN PLAN $1.00
Z and $1.50 per day. t
European Plan, rooms X
5Ue, 75c fc $ perlay
Eaton 8c Rente, Props,
Th Bandon Recirdw