VOL. XXIV. GRANTS PASS, JOSBPHINB COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1908 NO. 36 IRRIGATION IRK WAITS ON EXPERT Engineer Cummings Will Report This Month. WE MUST HAVE WATER Board of Director Held a Meeting Thursday and Levied Sec ond Assessment. Irrigation matters have been rath er quiet for the past two weeks and about all the information which the officers of the company have been able to give ost is that Engneer ' Cummings is at work In the field and as soon as he has Unshed and makes his report the company will be ready to take some defflnite action toward beginning operations preparatory to putting the water on the land. On Thursday of this week a spec lal meeting of the board of directors was held, and a second assessment of 6 per cent was levied upon the stock of the company. At this meeting It was developed that Engineer Cum mings was progressing in his work at a rate that would Insure his being through and making a report before the end of the present month. There was one matter upon which all mem bers of the board of directors were a unit, and that was that the entire . section around Grants Pass on both sides of the river must be irrigated. The importance of being ready to commence the construction of the ditches at an early date so as to pro vide water for the next crop season was generally admitted and they are all pledged to use every possible ef fort to bring the work to a speedy conclusion. The Ladies Auxiliary of the Com mercial club are taking up the mat ter of civic improvements. This is a subjecct that should be of vital interest to every Inhabitant of this city and the adjoining country. The city improved in appearance enhanc es the value of all city property. A city improved by parks, well kept awns and shaded streets Is Indica tive of a thrifty, energetic and pro ressive population. Such a city at tracts the desirable home seeker and would do much toward Interesting capital in the development of our surrounding country. With all this In mind the ladles have begun work ing In earnest. On Friday evening Dec. 18, there will be presented at the opera house a dramatic recital by the pupils of Laura Thomas Gun- . sell, the proceeds of which go to the lvic Improvement Fund Let the opera house be Ailed and show that all are interested in this progressive movement. lrama( ic Recital. A dramatic recital will be given at the opera house Friday evening, December 18, by the pupils of Laura Thomas Uunnell, the proceeds to go Haviland China Dinner and Tea Ware Open Stock Patterns. Five handsome patterns to select from. We have secured the agency (or Southern Oregon on this line, and now make these most flattering offers on which We Defy Competition 100-piece Dinner Set, decorated with spray of bine flowers and leaves of green and gray, all handles traced with gold. Sol 1 elsewhere at IfrUM. Our price 50-pie.e Tei Se'. Decoration, garland of marguerites; handles ud : e of covered piecej, gold traced. Sold clsch:r at $J7.it. Our price These sets are told in New York, and prices quoted mean New York delivery. See O'Neill and have him tell you about this Defy Competition Sale OF HAVIIAMO OMNIA DIMMER WARE 'MEMLL 4.nniiiiTiiniiiiii to the Civic Improvement Fund A most excellent program has been repared Including the play "Six Cups of Chocolate," b? Matthews. to be given by seven young ladies. The daintinesH, cleverness and ex treme interest of this play places It in the front rank of such produc tions, and to see It Is to enjoy it The full cast will appear in this pa per next week. Seats on sale at Russell's; 25c and 35c. R. H. Johnson was acquitted of the charge of cutting timber on gov ernment land at hU trial in Portland early in the week. Witnesses from Grants Pass for the trial have all re turned. MILES CARTER SHOT BY PATRON OF BAR. Miles Carter, the bar tender at the Layton hotel, was shot and perhaps fatally wounded at 8:45 this even ing by Will Mack, a laborer who has lately been working on the sewer gang under Street Commissioner McLane. The bullet, which was a 38 caliber, entered the left shoulder and plowed through and Is supposed to be lodged against the back bone, though a thorough examination has not been made as yet,- Carter being too weak to stand the ordeal. Immediately after the shooting Mack ran up Sixth street and out to the residence of McLane and on ar riving there hammered on the door, greatly frightening Mrs. McLane, and when she went to the door he asked (or Mr. McLane, saying he wanted to give himself up. She told him that her husband was not at home and then went to the phone and called up Sheriff Russell, who immediately went In pursuit. He found his man at the Sauer's house nearby and brought him back to the hotel. In the meantime Doctors Van- Dyke, Loughrldge and Smith had been summoned and were caring for the injured man. When Mack was brought in Carter promptly Identi fied him and In response to questions told of the shooting, saying that Mack had come Into the saloon and asked for a drink of beer; he served him and then MacK started out with out paying for it. Carter asked him if he wasn't going to pay for the drink, and Mack replied that he was going out but would come back. As he went out he left the door open and Carter followed to close it. When he reached the door the man was standing just outside and Carter saw he had a revolver and imme diately started back but not in time to avoid the bullet. After Mack was brought into the room where his victim lay Carter said to him, "What did you want to shoot me for?" and Mack replied, "What did you want to kick me out of the door for?" Carter is resting easily and if no complications set in before morning the doctors will probe for the bullet. Mack was taken in charge by Sheriff Russell. As near as can be learned he has been around Grants Pass for the past six months, work ing at odd jobs, and came here from Wardner, Idaho. He had been drinking for several days and earlier In the evening created disturbances in several places In the city. $27.61 $14.68 The Housefurnlaher 1" niTnninn COURIER OFFICE MOST MODERN MACHINERY Linotype, the Greatest Invention of the Age Installed, Doubling The days of the humdrum farmer in Souhern Oregon are passing away and the fruitgrower of the new cen tury, that man of science, Is taking his place. All business is now. .done on modern lines and better condi tions prevail. He who would rsfce- ceed must be able to cope with the rapid advance which the world -all around him is making. The Rogue River Courier, desiring to hold its place in the newspaper world as the leading journal of the renouned Rogue River Valley, has Installed in Its office that most wonderful In vention for type setting, known as the Linotype. This day and age de mands labor-saving machinery of all kinds and the printing office Is no exception to the rule which governs other lines of business. Labor is the one great Item of expense In the composing room and this applies to the country newspaper as well as to the great metropolitan journal. A paper that can not give its readers the latest news in full of its own section and of the country generally falls far short of the requirements of the Twentieth Century demands. Six years ago the Courier Installed a Simplex typesetting machine and during these years has been able to handle the ever-increasing work, and it is still a first-class machine; but the Simplex is good for a paper which has reached its greatest growth In a mediocre town, but both the Courier and Grants Pass have reached a stage where a better equipment is necessiir. Tin mie than doubling of llu cliimo if busi ness in our rsunty ue.it the planting of large orchards in the surround ing country, the development of Ir rigation and the rapid Increase of population In both country and city warrants the outlay of capital neces sary to equip the Courier office with this wonderful machine. Under the new conditions which prevail In this highly favored sec tion of Oregon, there Is a demand for a newspaper which can only be produced by the most modern ma chinery and to supply this demand, the Courier has placed In Its office such equipment as will enable it to do the work which could not hereto fore be accomplished in any estab lishment in this city. The Linotype Is worthy of a special article to enumerate Its wonderful qualities. Years of continuous experiment and the expenditure of a great amount of money were required for the invention of the greatest type aetlng machine, which is called the "Mergenthaler Linotype." The word "linotype" is a coined word, which means "line of type." The Linotype Is conceded to be the most remarkable machine ever Invented, and Is scarcely second In Importance to the wonders wrought by electric ity. Its Invention and introduction has effected a revolution In the printing business. The Mergen thaler Linotype was the first com mercial successful composing ma chine, and Is today the standard composing machine everywhere. It marks the first and only successful departure from the long-established forms of type-composition. The last NOW USES More Than Output. great Improvement was the produc tion of a machine In which the "lin otypes" were produced Instantly and ready for use on the press by the mere fingering of keys like those of a typewriter The keys serve to as semble temporarily a line of mat rices made of brass, bearing Individ' tiki characters or dies, a Roman character in the upper or regular po sition, and the black letter in the lower or auxiliary position, against which the slugs or "linotypes" were cast in type metal. The Linotype is a single machine, operated by one man, producing at a single operation the finished pro duct directly in response to the op eration of the keyboard. It com poses matter more readily and more economically than can be done In any other manner. It does away with worn and battered type, and al ways gives a new, clean dress. Mat ter may be kept standing Indefinite ly, at the mere cost of Linotype metal. Duplicate slugs in any quan tity may be cast automatically. It was decided to follow the devel opment and improvement of the in vention as far as possible, and the machine today shows what has been accomplished In this direction The action of the machine was carefully watched for months the require ments of the printing office studied, and the advice of skilled printers sought In all directions. In the light of the information thus gained the machine was modified, Improved, Increased in capacity and versatility, and made adjustable or convertible to meet every demand. New ad ditions to the company's factory were built from time to time, until today tha factory covers a space equal to a city block, the buildings five, seven, eight stories In height. The Linotype Is known today all over the world, there being over 13,000 In dally operation which have been built by the Mergenthaler iJnoype Company. Outside of the newspaper offices it is used exteu- slvely in book and job-offices where the highest class of composition is required. The Linotype produces finished matter of the highest quality, and permits the face or styln of type, body and measure to be changed at will. The operator can read and correct his matter as he proceeds before a line Is cast. The Linotype is guaranteed to be capable of setting 5000 ems of solid nonpareil per hour and this output Is widely obtalnud every day in commercial offices by first-class operators In the larger faces and in bookwork the output would be somewhat less, which Is also true of hand composition. The two most recent records on a Linotype were made by Mr. Nichols of the 8alt Ijike Herald, and Kred'k Koelle, Jr. of the Philadelphia Inquirer. Mr. Nichols set 106,300 ems of correct ed nonparlel In seven hours and 52 minutes, making an average of 13,287 ems per hour for eight hours. Mr. Koelle, on May 11, 1907, set 155,800 ems of agate In 12 hours, working off the hook. The first Linotype machines In stalled were In the office of the New York Tribune In July, 1886, and the equipment was gradually added to until a battery of 35 was obtained. Some of these oldest machines are today in active opeiation, and are turning out work as good as the day they were put In. The Linotype Is not a type-setting machine In the ordinary sense- of the word on the contrary, It Is a ma chine which, being operated by fin ger-keys like a typewriter, creates or produces type-matter ready for use on the press or stereotyping table. When the slugs or linotypes are assem bled side by side. they constitute jointly a "form" composed of ordinary type and adapted to be used In the same manner. Af ter being used, the "linotype" are it turned to the melting pot to be recast Into other lines, thus do Ing away with type A Matrix distribution. The machine con tains as Its leading member a large number of small brass matrices. pproxlmately 1500 In a set. Tha above Illustration shows a brass ma trix similar in design to a cap "Y," and Is used for setting either Ro man or black face cap "H", The 'teeth" In the upper part of each matrix differs, In order that the matrices, after passing through the distributor box and on to the dis tributor bar, may drop Into their propper channels; thus It Is Impos sible, for Instance, for a lower case "f" to drop into the lower case "J" channel. When a key Is depressed a matrix Is released from the mag azine bearing a character corre sponding to that on the keyboard. The above illustration shows a line of matrices assembled, with the spacebands In ther proper places composing the line. The Illustra tion shows the matrices after the line is justified and before the mold ready for casting a solid line of type. The matrices are as sembled one by one. and M whenever a space Is desired the operator touches the space-bar, which releases a spaceband. This also drops Into Its proper place. After the Hue Is assembled, the elevator containing the line of matrices Is raised, when the Hue passes automatic ally to the left to the cast ing mechanism, to be justi fied to its proper width and then cast After the cast is made, the matrices and spacebands are raised to a UriJ A space- higher point on the ma- band chine, and pass to the transfer, at which point the matrices and spacebands are separ ated, the former being raised to the distributor box and the latter be ing carried to the right Into the spaceband box, to be used again in their regular turn. They are car ried from one end of the distributor to the other by means of screws, and when they reach a point oppo site their proper channels, tbey drop by gravity into the magazine, to be used over again. A magazine will contain 20 matrices of each character. There are 90 keybuttons on the keyboard and 92 channels In the magazine. An exra lower case "e" channel Is provided for In the left- band side of the magazine, whllo the extra channel In the right-hand side of the magazine is used for spoclul characters which are not in constant use. This channel Is generally termed the "pi" channel, and the matrices drop from the distributor bar down the last channel of the magazine, through the pi chute, and Into the pi box. The inventor of the Linotype was Ottomar Mergenthaler, a German clockmaker. It has been stated many time that Ottomar Mergen thaler died in poverty, while others reaped the reward of bis genius; but this Is not a tact, as he died a mil lionaire In 1899, and bts family royalties have never been less than CITY ELECTION Take 'Great Interest In Various Candidates. BIG VOTE TO BE POLLED Psnont ho Havt Moved From On Wsxrd to Another May Be Deprived of Ballot. The city election, which occurs next Monday Is attracting more or less atteutlon, In fact as time drawa near for casting the ballot, nearly everyone is busy talking politics. It Is probable that a very large vote will be polled, and as usual the greatest Is taken In the candidates for mayor. Neither of the candidates for this office however are taking an active part In the campaign. Mr. Kinney while willing to serve and promise if elected to give the city a clean-out Business administration, and to give the affair of the city the same care ful attention which he give to hi own business affair, Is leaving It to the voters of the city to aay whether or not they desire him to assume the office. Should he be elected and It seems to be generally taken for granted that he will be, an adminis tration of the city' affair will be had that none need be ashamed of and of which everyone may justly feel proud. Dr. J. C. Smith, the present In cumbent of the office desires to be re-elected. A Courier representa tive called upon him this morning and Inquired of him a to whether he desired to state what hi future policy would be in case he was again elected but the doctor said that he had nothing to say on the subject but that he did wish to say that the Courier and others who stated that Mr. Kinney was the business man's candidate, were mistaken as he (Smith) was the business man's can didate and would receive a bigger vote of the business men than Mr. Kinney would. No one will be entitled to vote Monuay who Is not a qualified elect or of the State of Oregon, and who has not been a resident of the city of Grauts Pass for six months and who has not been a resident of the ward n which he now lives for at least 60 days; tuough on the choice for may or, It is probable that the ward res idence does not matter and that the vote may be sworn In. The city or dinance does not clearly provide for he contingency of voters otherwise quallned who have moved from one ward to another within the 60 days limit before the city election. How ever there seems to bo no good rea son for such persons losing their vote, and it is certain tbny will not do so if there Is any way around It. What Apron Sale. Where IJaptlst church parlors. When Dec. 16, afternoon and eve. Dainty Aprons of all kinds will be on sale at the Baptist church par lors December 15, afternoon and evening. -. A Linotype. 150,000 a year since 'that lime. Ottomar Mergenthaler was a genius, and every Linotype man glories In It. He created one of the wonders of the world. The Linotype today Is far different from what It was when Ottomar Mergenthaler Invent ed It, and for Us advance we are In debted largely to the genius of the president of the Mergonthaler Lino type Company, Philip T. Dodge, and the bead of the experimental depart ment, John R. Rogers. J. P. Martin, the engine Inspector at the round house, was seriously Injured last Saturday by the explos ion In the carbide generator of a lo comotive. For a tlm It was feared that he would lose bis eye-sight, but he Is now getting along nlccl.-.