Rogue River courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1886-1927, December 04, 1908, Image 1

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    VOL. XXIV.
NO. 36
Engineer Cummings Will
Report This Month.
Board of Director Held a Meeting
Thursday and Levied Sec
ond Assessment.
Irrigation matters have been rath
er quiet for the past two weeks and
about all the information which the
officers of the company have been
able to give ost is that Engneer
' Cummings is at work In the field and
as soon as he has Unshed and makes
his report the company will be ready
to take some defflnite action toward
beginning operations preparatory to
putting the water on the land.
On Thursday of this week a spec
lal meeting of the board of directors
was held, and a second assessment of
6 per cent was levied upon the stock
of the company. At this meeting It
was developed that Engineer Cum
mings was progressing in his work
at a rate that would Insure his being
through and making a report before
the end of the present month. There
was one matter upon which all mem
bers of the board of directors were a
unit, and that was that the entire
. section around Grants Pass on both
sides of the river must be irrigated.
The importance of being ready to
commence the construction of the
ditches at an early date so as to pro
vide water for the next crop season
was generally admitted and they are
all pledged to use every possible ef
fort to bring the work to a speedy
The Ladies Auxiliary of the Com
mercial club are taking up the mat
ter of civic improvements. This
is a subjecct that should be of vital
interest to every Inhabitant of this
city and the adjoining country. The
city improved in appearance enhanc
es the value of all city property. A
city improved by parks, well kept
awns and shaded streets Is Indica
tive of a thrifty, energetic and pro
ressive population. Such a city at
tracts the desirable home seeker and
would do much toward Interesting
capital in the development of our
surrounding country. With all this
In mind the ladles have begun work
ing In earnest. On Friday evening
Dec. 18, there will be presented at
the opera house a dramatic recital
by the pupils of Laura Thomas Gun-
. sell, the proceeds of which go to the
lvic Improvement Fund Let the
opera house be Ailed and show that
all are interested in this progressive
lrama( ic Recital.
A dramatic recital will be given at
the opera house Friday evening,
December 18, by the pupils of Laura
Thomas Uunnell, the proceeds to go
China Dinner and Tea Ware
Open Stock Patterns. Five handsome patterns to select from. We have
secured the agency (or Southern Oregon on this line, and now make these
most flattering offers on which
We Defy Competition
100-piece Dinner Set, decorated with spray of bine
flowers and leaves of green and gray, all handles
traced with gold. Sol 1 elsewhere at IfrUM. Our price
50-pie.e Tei Se'. Decoration, garland of marguerites;
handles ud : e of covered piecej, gold traced. Sold
clsch:r at $ Our price
These sets are told in New York, and prices quoted mean New York
delivery. See O'Neill and have him tell you about this
Defy Competition Sale
to the Civic Improvement Fund
A most excellent program has been
repared Including the play "Six
Cups of Chocolate," b? Matthews.
to be given by seven young ladies.
The daintinesH, cleverness and ex
treme interest of this play places It
in the front rank of such produc
tions, and to see It Is to enjoy it
The full cast will appear in this pa
per next week. Seats on sale at
Russell's; 25c and 35c.
R. H. Johnson was acquitted of
the charge of cutting timber on gov
ernment land at hU trial in Portland
early in the week. Witnesses from
Grants Pass for the trial have all re
Miles Carter, the bar tender at the
Layton hotel, was shot and perhaps
fatally wounded at 8:45 this even
ing by Will Mack, a laborer who has
lately been working on the sewer
gang under Street Commissioner
McLane. The bullet, which was a
38 caliber, entered the left shoulder
and plowed through and Is supposed
to be lodged against the back bone,
though a thorough examination has
not been made as yet,- Carter being
too weak to stand the ordeal.
Immediately after the shooting
Mack ran up Sixth street and out to
the residence of McLane and on ar
riving there hammered on the door,
greatly frightening Mrs. McLane,
and when she went to the door he
asked (or Mr. McLane, saying he
wanted to give himself up. She told
him that her husband was not at
home and then went to the phone
and called up Sheriff Russell, who
immediately went In pursuit. He
found his man at the Sauer's house
nearby and brought him back to the
In the meantime Doctors Van-
Dyke, Loughrldge and Smith had
been summoned and were caring for
the injured man. When Mack was
brought in Carter promptly Identi
fied him and In response to questions
told of the shooting, saying that
Mack had come Into the saloon and
asked for a drink of beer; he served
him and then MacK started out with
out paying for it. Carter asked him
if he wasn't going to pay for the
drink, and Mack replied that he was
going out but would come back.
As he went out he left the door open
and Carter followed to close it.
When he reached the door the man
was standing just outside and Carter
saw he had a revolver and imme
diately started back but not in time
to avoid the bullet.
After Mack was brought into the
room where his victim lay Carter
said to him, "What did you want to
shoot me for?" and Mack replied,
"What did you want to kick me out
of the door for?"
Carter is resting easily and if no
complications set in before morning
the doctors will probe for the bullet.
Mack was taken in charge by
Sheriff Russell. As near as can be
learned he has been around Grants
Pass for the past six months, work
ing at odd jobs, and came here from
Wardner, Idaho. He had been
drinking for several days and earlier
In the evening created disturbances
in several places In the city.
1" niTnninn
Linotype, the Greatest Invention of the
Age Installed,
The days of the humdrum farmer
in Souhern Oregon are passing away
and the fruitgrower of the new cen
tury, that man of science, Is taking
his place. All business is now. .done
on modern lines and better condi
tions prevail. He who would rsfce-
ceed must be able to cope with the
rapid advance which the world -all
around him is making. The Rogue
River Courier, desiring to hold its
place in the newspaper world as the
leading journal of the renouned
Rogue River Valley, has Installed in
Its office that most wonderful In
vention for type setting, known as
the Linotype. This day and age de
mands labor-saving machinery of all
kinds and the printing office Is no
exception to the rule which governs
other lines of business. Labor is
the one great Item of expense In the
composing room and this applies to
the country newspaper as well as to
the great metropolitan journal. A
paper that can not give its readers
the latest news in full of its own
section and of the country generally
falls far short of the requirements
of the Twentieth Century demands.
Six years ago the Courier Installed
a Simplex typesetting machine and
during these years has been able to
handle the ever-increasing work, and
it is still a first-class machine; but
the Simplex is good for a paper
which has reached its greatest
growth In a mediocre town, but both
the Courier and Grants Pass have
reached a stage where a better
equipment is necessiir. Tin mie
than doubling of llu cliimo if busi
ness in our rsunty the planting
of large orchards in the surround
ing country, the development of Ir
rigation and the rapid Increase of
population In both country and city
warrants the outlay of capital neces
sary to equip the Courier office
with this wonderful machine.
Under the new conditions which
prevail In this highly favored sec
tion of Oregon, there Is a demand
for a newspaper which can only be
produced by the most modern ma
chinery and to supply this demand,
the Courier has placed In Its office
such equipment as will enable it to
do the work which could not hereto
fore be accomplished in any estab
lishment in this city. The Linotype
Is worthy of a special article to
enumerate Its wonderful qualities.
Years of continuous experiment
and the expenditure of a great
amount of money were required for
the invention of the greatest type
aetlng machine, which is called the
"Mergenthaler Linotype." The
word "linotype" is a coined word,
which means "line of type." The
Linotype Is conceded to be the most
remarkable machine ever Invented,
and Is scarcely second In Importance
to the wonders wrought by electric
ity. Its Invention and introduction
has effected a revolution In the
printing business. The Mergen
thaler Linotype was the first com
mercial successful composing ma
chine, and Is today the standard
composing machine everywhere. It
marks the first and only successful
departure from the long-established
forms of type-composition. The last
More Than
great Improvement was the produc
tion of a machine In which the "lin
otypes" were produced Instantly and
ready for use on the press by the
mere fingering of keys like those of
a typewriter The keys serve to as
semble temporarily a line of mat
rices made of brass, bearing Individ'
tiki characters or dies, a Roman
character in the upper or regular po
sition, and the black letter in the
lower or auxiliary position, against
which the slugs or "linotypes" were
cast in type metal.
The Linotype is a single machine,
operated by one man, producing at a
single operation the finished pro
duct directly in response to the op
eration of the keyboard. It com
poses matter more readily and more
economically than can be done In
any other manner. It does away
with worn and battered type, and al
ways gives a new, clean dress. Mat
ter may be kept standing Indefinite
ly, at the mere cost of Linotype
metal. Duplicate slugs in any quan
tity may be cast automatically.
It was decided to follow the devel
opment and improvement of the in
vention as far as possible, and the
machine today shows what has been
accomplished In this direction The
action of the machine was carefully
watched for months the require
ments of the printing office studied,
and the advice of skilled printers
sought In all directions. In the
light of the information thus gained
the machine was modified, Improved,
Increased in capacity and versatility,
and made adjustable or convertible
to meet every demand. New ad
ditions to the company's factory
were built from time to time, until
today tha factory covers a space
equal to a city block, the buildings
five, seven, eight stories In height.
The Linotype Is known today all
over the world, there being over
13,000 In dally operation which
have been built by the Mergenthaler
iJnoype Company. Outside of the
newspaper offices it is used exteu-
slvely in book and job-offices where
the highest class of composition is
The Linotype produces finished
matter of the highest quality, and
permits the face or styln of type,
body and measure to be changed at
will. The operator can read and
correct his matter as he proceeds
before a line Is cast.
The Linotype is guaranteed to be
capable of setting 5000 ems of solid
nonpareil per hour and this output
Is widely obtalnud every day in
commercial offices by first-class
operators In the larger faces and
in bookwork the output would be
somewhat less, which Is also true of
hand composition. The two most
recent records on a Linotype were
made by Mr. Nichols of the 8alt
Ijike Herald, and Kred'k Koelle, Jr.
of the Philadelphia Inquirer. Mr.
Nichols set 106,300 ems of correct
ed nonparlel In seven hours and 52
minutes, making an average of
13,287 ems per hour for eight hours.
Mr. Koelle, on May 11, 1907, set
155,800 ems of agate In 12 hours,
working off the hook.
The first Linotype machines In
stalled were In the office of the New
York Tribune In July, 1886, and the
equipment was gradually added to
until a battery of 35 was obtained.
Some of these oldest machines are
today in active opeiation, and are
turning out work as good as the day
they were put In.
The Linotype Is not a type-setting
machine In the ordinary sense- of the
word on the contrary, It Is a ma
chine which, being operated by fin
ger-keys like a typewriter, creates or
produces type-matter ready for use
on the press or stereotyping table.
When the slugs or
linotypes are assem
bled side by side.
they constitute jointly
a "form" composed of
ordinary type and
adapted to be used In
the same manner. Af
ter being used, the
"linotype" are it
turned to the melting
pot to be recast Into
other lines, thus do
Ing away with type
A Matrix
The machine con
tains as Its leading member a large
number of small brass matrices.
pproxlmately 1500 In a set. Tha
above Illustration shows a brass ma
trix similar in design to a cap "Y,"
and Is used for setting either Ro
man or black face cap "H", The
'teeth" In the upper part of each
matrix differs, In order that the
matrices, after passing through the
distributor box and on to the dis
tributor bar, may drop Into their
propper channels; thus It Is Impos
sible, for Instance, for a lower case
"f" to drop into the lower case "J"
channel. When a key Is depressed
a matrix Is released from the mag
azine bearing a character corre
sponding to that on the keyboard.
The above illustration shows a
line of matrices assembled, with the
spacebands In ther proper places
composing the line. The Illustra
tion shows the matrices after the
line is justified and before the mold
ready for casting a solid line of
type. The matrices are as
sembled one by one. and
M whenever a space Is desired
the operator touches the
space-bar, which releases a
spaceband. This also drops
Into Its proper place. After
the Hue Is assembled, the
elevator containing the line
of matrices Is raised, when
the Hue passes automatic
ally to the left to the cast
ing mechanism, to be justi
fied to its proper width and
then cast After the cast
is made, the matrices and
spacebands are raised to a
A space- higher point on the ma-
band chine, and pass to the
transfer, at which point the
matrices and spacebands are separ
ated, the former being raised to the
distributor box and the latter be
ing carried to the right Into the
spaceband box, to be used again in
their regular turn. They are car
ried from one end of the distributor
to the other by means of screws,
and when they reach a point oppo
site their proper channels, tbey
drop by gravity into the magazine,
to be used over again. A magazine
will contain 20 matrices of each
There are 90 keybuttons on the
keyboard and 92 channels In the
magazine. An exra lower case "e"
channel Is provided for In the left-
band side of the magazine, whllo the
extra channel In the right-hand side
of the magazine is used for spoclul
characters which are not in constant
use. This channel Is generally
termed the "pi" channel, and the
matrices drop from the distributor
bar down the last channel of the
magazine, through the pi chute, and
Into the pi box.
The inventor of the Linotype was
Ottomar Mergenthaler, a German
clockmaker. It has been stated
many time that Ottomar Mergen
thaler died in poverty, while others
reaped the reward of bis genius; but
this Is not a tact, as he died a mil
lionaire In 1899, and bts family
royalties have never been less than
Take 'Great Interest In
Various Candidates.
Psnont ho Havt Moved From
On Wsxrd to Another May Be
Deprived of Ballot.
The city election, which occurs
next Monday Is attracting more or
less atteutlon, In fact as time drawa
near for casting the ballot, nearly
everyone is busy talking politics.
It Is probable that a very large vote
will be polled, and as usual the
greatest Is taken In the candidates
for mayor.
Neither of the candidates for this
office however are taking an active
part In the campaign. Mr. Kinney
while willing to serve and promise
if elected to give the city a clean-out
Business administration, and to give
the affair of the city the same care
ful attention which he give to hi
own business affair, Is leaving It to
the voters of the city to aay whether
or not they desire him to assume the
office. Should he be elected and It
seems to be generally taken for
granted that he will be, an adminis
tration of the city' affair will be
had that none need be ashamed of
and of which everyone may justly
feel proud.
Dr. J. C. Smith, the present In
cumbent of the office desires to be
re-elected. A Courier representa
tive called upon him this morning
and Inquired of him a to whether
he desired to state what hi future
policy would be in case he was again
elected but the doctor said that he
had nothing to say on the subject
but that he did wish to say that the
Courier and others who stated that
Mr. Kinney was the business man's
candidate, were mistaken as he
(Smith) was the business man's can
didate and would receive a bigger
vote of the business men than Mr.
Kinney would.
No one will be entitled to vote
Monuay who Is not a qualified elect
or of the State of Oregon, and who
has not been a resident of the city of
Grauts Pass for six months and who
has not been a resident of the ward
n which he now lives for at least 60
days; tuough on the choice for may
or, It is probable that the ward res
idence does not matter and that the
vote may be sworn In. The city or
dinance does not clearly provide for
he contingency of voters otherwise
quallned who have moved from one
ward to another within the 60 days
limit before the city election. How
ever there seems to bo no good rea
son for such persons losing their
vote, and it is certain tbny will not
do so if there Is any way around It.
What Apron Sale.
Where IJaptlst church parlors.
When Dec. 16, afternoon and eve.
Dainty Aprons of all kinds will
be on sale at the Baptist church par
lors December 15, afternoon and
A Linotype.
150,000 a year since 'that lime.
Ottomar Mergenthaler was a genius,
and every Linotype man glories In
It. He created one of the wonders
of the world. The Linotype today
Is far different from what It was
when Ottomar Mergenthaler Invent
ed It, and for Us advance we are In
debted largely to the genius of the
president of the Mergonthaler Lino
type Company, Philip T. Dodge, and
the bead of the experimental depart
ment, John R. Rogers.
J. P. Martin, the engine Inspector
at the round house, was seriously
Injured last Saturday by the explos
ion In the carbide generator of a lo
comotive. For a tlm It was feared
that he would lose bis eye-sight, but
he Is now getting along nlccl.-.