VOL. XXIV. GRANTS PASS, JOSBPHINB COUNTY. OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1908. NO. 30 OREGON NEEDS NEW FIRE LAW Must Get at the Cause and Then Act. EDUCATION IS NECESSARY Supervisor Anderson Talks In terestingly on the Subject of Fires and the Prevention, Tbe disastrous timber fires of the present J ear both on tbia coast sad in the East, with tbe great work under taken by tbe commission appointed to plan for tbe conservation of the natural resources, has awakened an interest that will bring important changes in the protection of oar forests and waterways. Tbe Courier bas from time to time published interviews, and contribu tions from practical men in this lo cality wbo have given attention to tbe eubject of protecting the magnifi cent timber laud of Oregon from destruction by file, and from the interest taken believes the time ripe to do something that will materially lessen the annnal loss by fire. To get in tench with the various ideas on the subject, our representa tive interviewed Forest Supervisor Anderson of the Qoveronieut Forest Service in this city and this Is bis opinion on the subject: "Tbe first thing to get at la the cause of the fires, and then a law tbat will (each tbe oanse effectively. My experience is that in different parts of the stats tbe cause differs greatly. In the higher latitudes of the Cascades in Eastern Oregon tbe main cause of forest fires is lightning, aud this is bard to reach by law, nothing bnt a well oraganized patrol system will protect under such condi tions, and with tbe National Foretts this is doing effective work though in such a season as we have just exper ienced (fortunately rare) fins will get beyoud control of even the most ex . perienoed men. So far as being educated to the importance of avoid lug' carelesB, or wilfal fires. Easter and Middle Oregon are years ahead ol Southern Oregon. I leuieuiber well tbe time when tbe same conditions existed there as do here: bat now fires ftotn camper, or huuters, am com paratively rare, while of approxi mately 80 flies above five acres in area (besides more tinn th-it nnmber small ones), withiu tie forest under my charge, fully !'0er cent were teportad as set br hunters, or cinipers, aud the other 10 per cant suppo-ei to be malicious. Outida the Forest and iu settled districts the ureal majoriiy were from Blishiugs burned iu direct violation of law. Ores n has a flie law though its proposed there was an attempt to en list the timber interests of the State In a way to provide fuuds to carry ont its provisions; but. si range tossy, I the heavy timber interests opposed ! anything that more than requested the "firebug fj be good." (Since that time enough valuable timber bas been destroyed in Oregon to put a well paid and efficient fire wardeu in every timbered townsite in the state during fire seawn. Now the case lools more hopeful, timber owuers are ready to get together aud it is proba ble a law will be enacted at the com ing segs;ou that will provide for a State Forester, with assistants in dis tricts throughout the state, and an appropriation to make the law effec tive. "Getting back to the hunter ques tion; which is certaiuly THE fire question iu Southern Oregou, we have a hard problem. I am an enthusias tic hunter myself and anything that would interfere with the sport, would be extiemely bitter to take; but the time for sentiment is rapidly passing; timber la becoming too valuable aud too mauy people becoming interested in it, and the time is approaching when we must by law, or education, cnt down the percentage of hunters fires it the woods, or haug up our rifle during the danger period. I will be surprised if the timber organizations, smarting nnder tbe heavy losses from this can Be during tba present year, do not make an effort to out down'the open season for deer. "This might be avoided by making a good fire law with money to furnish sufficient paid help to make it effect ive, and have a provision therein that a hunter forfeit bis license, on proof of haviDg left an uncart d for fire,' as well as suffer a severe peualty ; bnt this without a Rood, well paid, patrol force would be useless "I am not making any law to cover tbe matter; only picking out the snags for tbe other fellow. No mat ter how good a firs law is enacted, we will never get nearly its possible benefits until the people (not only timbermen) are educated to its importance, never until the seutitnont of the people la snch that they wll feel the snme toward a man caught setting fire in a 150,000 tract of tim ber, as they do now on catching one setting fire to his neighbor's 25 woodshed. When they realize that it is just as much criminal carelessness for a huntar to leave bis cainpflre burning close to au old log (though safe at the time) in the uiidst of a magnificent forest, as it is to leae his candle burniug in his bedroom on a mass of papers; then we will begin to get effect of a forest fire law; beoauae then we will ouly have tbe criminal to deal with, and he is easy. "But all men wbo are i-arelesa. or thoughtless about fires are not criini lal, and this is particularly true in Sonfiern Ong'n, where unny of the hett citizens convitire themselves tbat t' e ld, traditional. Indian way of seeping down fires by burning oot t'-e seedlings was the roper way to pro tct the mature tiuiler. 1 m not findmc fault with biiv honest nun's theory and I have met some mighty mpn whom I know tiling a uiau (HOT INTERESTED III GOLDEN EAGLE CONTEST Boys and Girls Throughout the County are Start ing in to Work. Did you read about tbe Courier's Qolden Eagle ooutest mentioned in last week's paper? It not you had better look up tbe paper and get posted for you will hear about it cent noally for nine weeks. Most of tbe boys aud gills know about it and have started in to work. One girl came to tbe office Saturday moroiag aud spoke for tbe t0 and has started in workiug for it She has a good start and will try to keep ahead. Bat there te others who wast tbe (60 just as moon. Did you ever stop to think what you oould do with $60. Stop for a few moments and think the money - will be awarded jost before Christmas the very time of all the year when " yo a need money. Isn't it worth a little effort? Bettor get in the race with a determination to win. The contest is free and pn to anyone under 30 years of age. There are no strings snd any young man or woman may enter this great popu larity race by clipping tba coupon and lending or mailing it to tbe Courier offioe. The candidate who receives the highest vote will be presented abso lutely free with Six Golden Eagle. Tbe candidate leceiviug the next highest nnmber of votes w'll receive Two Golden Eagles. Other cash prizes to tbe amount of 120 will be offered, doring the contest, which closes Tuesday. December 22. Now young people, .if yon have any o4 (or 60 in a lump sum, this is your e im portunity to secure it. The question is, who is the most popular boy or girl in this county? We have a good number of candi dates alreadv hot will wa t nnlil next week before we tell you wbo they are and in the meantime, we want uior candidates. We want one from Wll liams snd one from Leliud and another from Placer. We will give 100 po nta free to every person nomi nated before Octobt-r 24. To nomi nate write a name in th coupon which follows this article and bring or send you pay it to the Courier office. If your subscription at that time it adds now. 300 more votes. Do it nrnvi loin are iil Hm inown to 'be i who's- ts fire t) a thicket or seeuing people in Ihe p rt cnlar regims where i j,iueg or dri in a scattering for.st of n,n.t in Southern t renon, a a mture tre-ts l a twwwoior. .uj wlinrn tnown it is freely ignored. .,f the older settlers can point lo a bill Tl, main c.U!.e of this is tbe fact that gi.le and truthtfully say: 'Ikuew then is n incney provided to mase that placi wbeu yon couiu half a mile.' Encourage.l lie win men (Continued on ast page) it ambodys bu-in-ss ti enforce it. Wh-n Orion's fire law was first n YOU SEE 1 Rules of Golden Eagle Contest. 1. The Qolden Eagle Contest shall close Tuesday, December 23, at 10 :80 o'clock p. m. and no coupons will be received after that hour, except those sent by mail, which must show evidence by postmark that they were mailed before that hour. 8. Contestants shall be young men and women under 20 years of age. The contestant receiving the highest number of points will receive 60 in Golden Eagles. The one receiving the next highest Dumber of points will receive $20 in Golden Eagles. Awards will be made as soon as possi ble after the contest doses. 8. A coupon good for five points will be printed in eaob issue of the Courier during the coolest. These shall be clipped out and cast at this offioe pinned together in bunohes. 4. Coupons will be issued from this office as follows: Three hundred poiuts for each fl.50 received on sub scription, or two points for each one cent received on subscription. A special 600 point Yellow Certificate will be issued for each new subscrip tion accompanied by $1.60 in cash. 8. Cast all eon poos at the ballot box at this office before the date there on expires. Yellow Certificates must not be cast nntil the contest is four weeks old. 6. All candidates give receipts for money paid thorn. Get into tbe contest aud then get your friends, neighbors and acquaint ancea working for you. You will need all the assistance you can get. But, boys and girls, don't euter un less you intend to ttick. There Is room for hustlers and those who inteud to work. We will mail coupons fi r all sub scriptions received since October 1, 1U08 on appliottions of free deltvey, and it is quits likely that all of the towns except Medford will be given delivery this wiuter. At Ashland eveytbing was satisfactory, at Medford the houses had unt been numbered and of course until this is done the depart ment wll notoonsider an application for delivety. At Roseburg everything is satisfactory except that the number ing has not been quite completed but will be in a day or two. It can safely be said that Grauts Pass will be the first to receive' the free delivery of mails with Ashland and Koselmrg next. Thomas J. Flavin of Spokane was the inspector . who visited the Rogue River towns. ELIMINATES DECAY IN SHIPPING FRUIT A. A. FRANKS IS SHOT BY FRIEND Taken for a Bear Near Riddle Tuesday SHOT HIM THREE TINES Inquest avt Riddle Finds Shooting Accldenlal-Funere.1 Thure at Roseburg. The Southern Paolflo Railroad Com. pany has announced Its determination to expend a million dollars in the near future in the oonitrnotlon of plants for pre-cooling fruit aud vegetables, according to tbe Roy Spragne system, the objeot being to permit long hauls of perishable freight with little risk of decay. The company has been expert, menting with the Sprague device for a year, and bas fonnd it satis fatory. Two large plants, oue at Roseville and one at Colton, Cal , will be erected, the first capable of chilling 20 cat loads in four hours and the latter having a capacity of 40 carloads in the same time. To aooompliah the same result iu an ordinary ice plant would require four days. Tbe ooiu- party a scientists nave demonstateu tbat the sudden chilling of vegetable matter causes an absolute suspen sion of Ihs process of decay, and the company announces that the new methdd pratically will do away with the loss of time and consequent loss by decay in shipments of fruits and vegetables to Eastern markets The Sprague devioe, consists of a plant equipped to force through" the loaded cars nnder vacuum press ore blasts of air tbat have been previously passed over ice. The vacuum re moves the warm air, thereby remov ing the Immediate cause of decay 1 he plants will be operated Id oon juuutioo with the new refrlgrator rare adopted by the company recently. Heaters, Heaters, Cramer Bros. and Heaters at IRRIGATION AND POWER COMPANY ORGANIZED GOOD FOR FIVE POINTS or Address This Coupon li Void if Not Voted by Novtmber I Courier's Golden Eagle Contest PORTLAND MURDERER GETS HEAVY SENTENCE Exclusive Agent for The Globe Wernicke Co. ELASTIC Book Gases I? iv your case s your books increase in number every time one section is filled, order another. Made in Weathered Quartered Oak and Polished Quartered Golden Oak Call n i Lxainme ihcm at IRL H. O'NEODJL The IIoussefVrnller FREE DELIVERY OF MAILS IN GRANTS PASS Edwarl H. Martin was tried this week for the murder of Nathan Wollf, a Portland pawnbroker. T.ie j'm found him guilty of manslaughter, and presiding judge Jol.u B. Cleland SMitenced h m to serve !ft yais t hard labor in th ix-nitem iarr a d to pay a fine of $1000 The li'iit ould have ben 15 years aud f " 0 tine. Martin bas Bled a motion for a new trial and will take the r,ae to the su preme court. H. C. Mackey, the new p'nprietnr of the Branch Studio, lias tai.cn hold of his work in this city and is eu joy ing a rush of business. Mr. Mae-key Is well known in this valley h a photographer, having for many years conducted a studio at Medford where bis excellent work drew much atten tion. He has made a study of the newest and best methods employed in bis profession and io puttmg these methods into practice is able to pro duoe pbetograpbs which are not ex .celled anywhere. Those wishing photos wiib ths pose jost right aod tbe workmanship perfect? will be I pleased with tbe results of a visit to bis Btodte on Sixth kitreet. 10-28 It Three Kogue R-lver Towns Enter City List In Near Future. to Alexander A. Franks, a Southern Paoifio Brakeman running between Grants Pass and Roseburg, was killed by his hunting oonipauion, Oscar Webber, a Southern Pacific fireman. The shooting ooourred at Biddle Tues day aud oeath was Instantaneous. The two men, aoooini aniea ny ineir wives left Roseburg last Bunuay tor an outing and on Tuesday tns two men went after game. They separated and shortly afterward, weuoer thought he saw a bear and fired, but the bear turned out to be bis best friend and the first sbot prooaoiy caused Instant death and as tbe Doay rolled down the side of the canyon two more shots were fired, and both hitting tbelr mark. When Webler followed np to see the result of his shooting he discovered the body of Franks, two bullets bavlog pierced me region of tbe stomach and a urn a through the breast Webber was about 60 yards away when he shot and need a 80-80. Immediately alter ths shooting Webber took the body of bis friend to camp, which was about a anile away, and as soon as the authorities were notified an Inquest was held at Kid dle. The verdlot of the jury was ac cidental shooting. The funeral was held at Roseburg Thnrsday morning under the direction of the Brother hood of Local tralumon, aod Interment took place In the Masoulo cemetery. Aleiander A. Franks was n years of age and leaves a brida of 86 days, formerly Miss Blidis Worley of Can yonvllle. They resided in Roseburg. Webber aod Franks were cousins and fart friends. Both young men were well known Iu Grants Pass aud have many frleuds here to w!:om tbe accident brings sorrow. A United Stats foetal Inspect' r w8 in UmuU Pass tbe past week iofe'tigaiing couditioue to determine as to whether or not this city is en ti'lHd to a free mall delivery sysiein No one learnrd I mm the limie'tor ex actlr what h s retort w 11 be as it i agiin-t the policy of tba Postolllce De- itujni to make public such re ports onli ss it be from headquarters, bat eno'igb was learned from him to lead to tbe rooclus oo tbat the actual free delivery of jnail will be ibaogoratt-d in this city in tbe very near future, as tbe postal rece pU have conhider- ably passed ths $10,000 mark required, our streets aod sidewalks are In good condition, the numbering of ths bouses has been oomp'eted and li fact everything dons which tbe depart-' ment suggested would bsve to be done before the free delivery could be given us. Tbis earns agent bas visited the other towns In the valley to report During tbe past week tbe Irrigation Committee has organized a promoting or holding company. Tbe articles of incorporation wers signed by H. L. Uilkey, Johu Christie, U. H. Carusr, E. E. lilanchard, O. H. Blaucbard, K. Thomas aud (Jeo. A. Humiltou, special committee chosen for Ibe purpose. Ihls company nas ine powir to make surveys, purchase water pi mi Is or sites, build the ditrhes ana do asy and all other things In connection with the business of irrigation and the furnishing of electric power within the limits of Joi-ephine county. The name selected for the corpora tion is the Josephine County Irriga tion and Power Company and the in corporation jiapers were signed and sent to tbe Secretary of ritate on Thursday and as soon as the certificate acknowledging the tlllug of the ar ticles of incorporation is received the committee will proceed to scouring subscriptions to the stock of the com pany and when the SI per cent, re quired by law Is subscribed snd a part of it paid in the company will then be fully organized by Ibe election of a board of 14 trustoes and tbe selection of executive officers. After the above stps bave been taken sn expert will be employed to examine sll r on roes of water supply snd make a preliminary survey to see bow many ditcbe will be needed and the cost of their construction aud bow many acre ran he watered. It is now expected tnat rred r. Uummlngs, an expert eutguoer who has been working on the water supply question of ths city of Medford, will be employed to make tbe neceaaary investigations. Mr. Stover, while here was asked to recommend a competent engineer and if Mr. Cumuiings is finally engaged it will be through such recommenda tion. Tbe engineer will not only fur nish tbe company with estimates of the cost of dam and ditch construction but the value of any properties that may be offered for sale. Institute Lasting Three Devye. The Joint teachers' Annnal in stitute of Josephine and Jackson counties will be held October 2HU0 at Medford, followed on the Ulst by a school board convention. Tho in structors aud lecturers for the occa sion are: J. II. Akermau, Superintendent of Public Instruction; L. K. Traver, Training Department Monmouth Nor mal School; L. R. Alderman, Uni versity of Oregon ; J. Whitnomb Broogher, Pastor White Temple Church, Portland; Cornelia Marvin, Secretary Oregon Library Commis sion; Harry M. bbuffer, Presideut Asbluud Normal School; U. O. Smith, Superintendent Medford Schools; R. It. Turner, Superintendent Urauta Pass Schools; Emma B. Wiukeraham, Training Department Ashland Normal School. It Is expected that all of the teachers from both Joseph Ino and Jackson county will be In attendance and with the Instructors, lecturers, snd county superintendents and school directors there should be at least 200 persons on hand during the three days. The law makes tbe chairman of tbe board of directors of each district tbe delegate to the convention provides that in case of inability to attend some other member of tbe board shall be appointed. W. A. Hood is supplying the market with celery these days raised on bis five sere tract at ths edge of the city. lie has about 5000 bunches which ars now neariug their best! He has completed a new green bouse 14x24, which in addition to those al ready in use will enable him to raise an abandanoe of lettnoe aud other dellcao'es for ths winter. Now is the time to do your fencing while the ground is wet. The '"'Amer loan "is the best and cheapest fence ou the market. Oet onr new prices, Halr-Rtddl Haw Co. "