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About Rogue River courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1886-1927 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1907)
ROGUE RIVER COURIER. GRANTS PASS, OREGON. Angust 2. 1907.
United States Court of Claims
The Publishers of Webster's International
OtctlonarysllcKetliiit II "I. In fact. the Mipu
lur l,lwlrilKl IhorollKhly re-edlted in eviTV
detail. Hml vu"tlveiirn lied luevury mrl. wilh
I ho purpose ir adapt lug It to meet the iuriror
ml severer rv'iuireuieiiU ol another genera
tion." We lire of the opinion t hut this alienation
most clearly and accurately luserilai thu
work tlmt linn Ifen a-.wjitiU.l and the
rewult Hint lm li-en reached. 'J Iks lilollonnry,
a It now stnnils, lias licen tiioi-oniilily re
edlted In every detail, lum 001 rci led In
evory part, anil 1 inliiilruhly nitnp'eil to meet
the luror and severer rofpiiienients of a
jrenenitlon which denuinrift inure- of opuliir
IihlloloKlitl knowle.l"e thitn liny generation
hut tho worlil liiocftrconiHlnel.
It la K'rliH not-ilKoH In add that we refer
to the ilietiomiry In our Jiidlciul work a of
Ilia liiirlo-Ht uutliorlly In accuracy of dcllnl
llon: anil tlmt In tho future as in the pant It
will Lie the eouroe of conn ant ruforence.
CHAHLES O. KOTT, (IM JsMka.
JIIIIN HAMS, '
BTA NT I N J f-KKI.I.P,
ulUKXia V. Iluwiir,
Tht ahmt rtfm to WMISTEIVS
THE GRAND PRIZE
(the highest nwardlwss given to the luternu
llonai at tbe World's Kair, hi. Louis.
GET THE LATEST AND BEST
Tmi trtH bf. inlrrutrd in nut
j4.'trnen jtayrji, ent rer,.
C.&C. MERRIAM CO.,
I Ml Ml.
to Dusky Beauty
A dark ikin become! faicinating
when delicately toft, underipread
with the radiant glow which indi
cate! a healthy, active ikin. Kobert
lne keepi the skin refined in quality,
keeps poresireelromclugging waste
and stimulates the tiny capillarieito
contribute thecolor which charmi in
blonde and brunette alike. Robert
ine li certain protection against tan,
unburn and freckles if applied be
fore exposure to lun or wind.
Spread! likean Imperceptible iheen
of gauie ovenkin surface, forming a
ihield stimulating and preserving
delicate, luit roui beaut y.
Mtmr Dt TOD AT
E. A. VADE
GRANTS PASS. 0RK00K,
J. R. WELLS, Prop.
J. street between Sth and 6tU
targe and sale Wagon Yard con
venient for hitching-
Horses lJoutiht and Sol.l
Second hand rigs for sale
'jjj CJKANTS PASS
Commercial Club I
Will furnish information of
Josephine county tree of
charge. ConespondotHX So
licited. I.. 11. H.U.I President
1I. L. Anhukws. . . .Secietaiy
Ihe Beat Known Dip for Sheep.
Ce.ttle,'Sv Ine ivndlnll Live Stock.
Non lnurlois and Non-Poleonoxie
Host known remedy tor M.inge ot
Itch, Scab, I. ice, Ticks on Sheep,
Fleas, Hen I. ice. Hog Cholera.
Galls, Soies and Wounds, Thrush,
Grouse Heel and Scratches, Tac
Worms, Ring Worms. Screw
Worms. Hies or Maggots, Castra
tions. Also disinfecting .stables,
outhouses, pens, v'c.
i v. l'lioitcn
Vi.,.- i. liCk-r iM c
sc . vrn.,cd ".t Coui-f i.fe.
I wravrtiri I
'WX. ' ' AT
EARLE'S JROAD BILL
How He Would Have the Govern
rtrent Improve Highways.
WANTS BUREAU ESTABLISHED.
Chief Featurei of Michigan Highway
Commiaeioner'i National Reward
Road Bill That Will Be Introduced In
the Next Congreaa.
One of the moat euthunluntl.' advo
cate! of good roads In tbe United
BUtea la Horatio & Earle, tbe state
highway commissioner of Michigan,
who nan done so much to Improve the
roada of the Wolverene State. Mr.
Earle wants the government to aid In
Improving our highways, and he ha
drawn, a national reward road bill,
which will be Introduced In the next
congress by Congreasruan Charles E.
TowtiHomt. In an argument he made
for Ills bill recently Mr. Earle said:
Our educational advantngea are far
ahead of any other country. Our poetal
aervlce la fnlr, but not equal to that of a
few natlona. However, we are taking
lnpe every duy to Improve It and have
tninle wondroua prngreaa In the paat ten
yeara. Uur niethoda of transportation!
Tako the railroads. They are the beat In
the world. They ought to be. Wi'vi done
enough to muke them good flrat built
them mid then gave them away and paid
the takers large auma of monoy every
year to keep them.
ilut our common, everday wagon roada?
By gum, they are by all odda the poorest
on the face of this green earth no other
civilized nation on the globe but has bet
ter than we. Why Is It? I It because we
are poor? A fieople that has created and
bulliled a nutlon In a day. with more mil
lionaires than any other two countrlee
can claim, poor? Well hardly. The trou
ble la that we are so blamed rich that we
can live even with poor roada. It would
bankrupt a commonly bleaaed nation to
haul the product of field and factory over
auch abominable roada. .
What are we going to do about It?
Knowing aa we do that the nation has
paid out In land and money to railroads
and livera and harbors IJ.Ouu.OOO.OOU or
fl.000 per mile for every one of the
1,000,000 miles of public, wagon road
there Is In this home land of oura. Isn't It
about time that we Insisted upon having
some national aid on our hlghwaya that
the roada of our country may show algna
of civilisation may show that our reli
gion has taken effect and that we are
putting our education to a good use. be na
ming our postal facilities and making It
easy for ua to get to the church, to
school, to library, lodge, theater, to mar
ket and, laat, but far from least, to our
neighbor's dinner table and sitting room?
This can be brought about all over the
United Btatea only by national aaalatanee.
No other country ever got good roada In
any other way. Then why ahould there
be longer delay In following the prece
dent established by all the natlona that
have good roads? I am one of a very
large majority of the people of this coun
try that demand national help.
Among other things Mr. Earle's road
bill calls for are the following:
To establish In the department of agri
culture a bureau to be known aa the Unit
ed Btatea highway department and to pro
vide (wr national reward for the Improve
nwnt of tbe public wagon roads.
That the object and purpose of aald de
partment shall be to aaslst In and encour
age (lie improving vf the public wagon
roads la the various statsa and territories
uf the United flutes by thi payment o?
national reward, according to the provi
sions vf this act; to make Investigations,
experiments and tests In regard tu meth
ods of road making and road materials;
to furnish without charge to any state Vt
territory the result of, any such Investiga
tion, experiment or teat upon request of
lti slate or territorial highway commis
sioner, slut engineer or viner ofllcer or
officere having In charge the question of
Improving the public wagon roada of such
atata or territory; to give advice, infor
mation and reports on the subject of
roads, road Improvement, road materia)
and so forth, by means of lectures, bulle
tins or otherwise; to sugitcet from time to
time laws which. If enacted, would tend
to bring about aa fur aa may be a unl
turpi jij stotu for tho. cojutructlun, repair
Fruitgrowers of Rogue Rivtr Valley
find the Courier of special interest.
Hundreds of (iftkhta Pass Head
era Krvow HiM Means.
Th ItldnoTS are cvi'rtimsl : have
too much to dv 'bey tell alautt !
it in umov aches audpalns taekc,
sidenche. headache. Early svinffMiis
of kidney Ills. t'riliary trcMbles,
diabetes, llrlght's dist'sse Mr.iw. E.
E. Gillian, proprietor of lively and
funl stable, at d;' Ferry 'St , and liv
ing at Una Water St., Salem, Ore.,
says: " Yesrs of almost constant driv
ing and a tall 1 got several years ago
which wreuehed my liack badly had
tended to hurt my kidneys which 1
felt in scvete backache and lameness
so that at times I oould hard It
straighten up. Sharp pains caught
me when I arose after sitting. None
nf the remedies 1 tried did me any
good until a short titu" ago 1 was in
duced Vo get lVan's Kidney l'illn at a
drug store. In a short time I obtained
more relief from the backache and
disordered condition of Ihe kldlievs
than 1 had for years. 1 know ot
neighbors who havn also used Tour
remedy and they all speak of it as tbe
(met kidney medicine there is and 1
Udievt this to lie so." Fur sale l
all denial 1'riie ,V cents. Foster
Mllliurti Co., iliitlalo. New York,
i solo agents for li e I uited States
Kcmetuber the name- Poans aud take
r Yen go to be 1 in a
Is out of ord
lad humor and get
nil with a bad
taste in your tuonta. i ou want
something to stimulate your lifer
,!ut try H rbine, tho liver regu
lator. A positive cure for Const . ca
tion. lypcpsi;t ui'l all liver emu
plamts. Mr F.- I t Worth. Texas,
writis: "Hive used llebniic m my
tan'iilv for ve.ir Wot U can't eit'r.nK
what I thick aho.it it. Evtryh ,lv in
.,iv I'd x.'bc'd ale l i: V and well md
. nv .-' . oi- . For sVc t v
- a- .n u . rt 0" 4 '-i I viimrav
and Improvement of the public wagon
roada throuirlrout the United Btatea. ;
That an ottleer to be known aa the Unit- ;
ed States highway ciimtntasloner shall be ;
appointed by the president, by and with
the advice anil consent of the senate,
within fifteen days after this net shall
take effect. Such commissioner shall be
a citizen of the United States and ahull
have practical knowledge of road c in
struction, improvement and repair. Jle
shall receive a salary of Js.UW per lyinum.
Thut whenever any state or territory
shall file notice with the United States
highway commissioner throuch the officer
or officers having in charge the matter of
Improving or aiding In the improving of
the public wagon roada of such state or
territory or the officers of any two or
more atatcs or territories shall do ao
Jointly, etatlng that It Is the intention of
the state or states, territory or territories,
to build a certain nunber of miles of road ,
such as will merit United Btatea reward,
it shall be the duty of the United States
highway commissioner to furnish general
plans and epeclncatlona which. If follow- 1
ed. will entitle the atate or territory to !
receive the amount of reward due for the ,
length and class of road built. I
That every mile of well graded road on i
which the steepest incline shall not ex
ceed per cent and the width of which !
shall not be less than eighteen feet be- .
tween side ditches and which shall be
properly drained and crowned ao as to
shed water quickly to the aids ditches
and which shall have a wagon way or
travel track not less than twelve feet
wide made In two couraea and tnorougniy
compacted, If built in accordance with
the plana and specifications of the United
Btatea highway commissioner and approv
ed by him, ahall merit reward aa follows:
If built of gravel, 1609 per mile; If built
with one course of approved stone and
one course of gravel, t"IW per mile; If
macadamized. $1,000 per mile. If the Unit
ed Btatea highway commissioner ahall by
Investigation or experiment flrnl that
some other material than those mention
ed in this section Is equal to them or any
one of them, then he may prepare plans
and specifications for roads to be built of
such material and shall place them In one
of tho classes described In this section,
and auch roads shall be entitled to receive
tho reward of the clnaa to which they ore
assigned by the said commissioner.
That the decision of the United States
highway commissioner shall be final rela
tive to whether the road Is built well
enough to merit United States reward or
That there Is hereby appropriated out nf
any moneys In the treasury not otherwise
appropriated for the purpose of carrying
nut the provisions of this act the sum of
f im.niO.nrio. the snid appropriation to be
available at the rate of UO.WAOnO a year,
beginning with the year In which this act
shall take effect. If any portion of the
J10.(Mi.0o0 appropriated for any one year
shall not be expended In the year for
which It Is appropriated, such portion not
expended ahall be added to the HOOtO.tuO
available In the year following.
was a man who, against ') odds, at
tained the highest honors man coo Id
get io the United Sttaes. Ballard's
Horahouod Syrup has attained a
f laoe, never equalled by any other
Ike remedy. It is a stirs ears for
Coughs. Colds, Bronchitis, InOueuzs
and all Pulmonary diseases. Evety
mother sbonld keep supplied with
this wonderful cough medicine. For
sale by National Drug Co. aud by
Importance of Laying Out a High
AVOID ALL STEEP GRADES
Straight Roads the Right Kind to Hav
but In Hilly Countriea Their Straight
ness Should Be Sacrificed to Obtalr
S Level Surface.
All the ImiHirtaut roads lu tbe United
States can be and doubtless will 1 4
macadamized or otherwise Improved In
the not distant future. This expecta
tion should govern their present loca
tion nnd treat men t everywhere Un
less changes are iiUuS: h the, hs-atlon
of the tmids In irtfirty parts, of the Unit- j
ed Stiitcn rt uii',d la: Worse than fully
to fflncMdiilt'ile thorn. "Anv costlv re-
snrfiotVig of Up existing roads wlll
iHstcn ttietu v here they tire for genera
tions," any tienerul Stone. The chief ;
dlhVulty lu the V tilted States Is nut
with the surtace. but with the steep
grades, many nf which are too long
to reduced by culling nnd tilling on
the I'lVM'tit lines, and If this could w
'tio It would cost tin-re In many cases
than ivIocat'uiL; them, says Motor News.
Manx of our toads were oiklnally !
laid out without any attention to gen
eral toisigriii'.l.y. and In most i uses ol- .
lowed the settlor's path from cabin to'
cat i'i. Ibe ': t ", '"! :(!. ,.
lH.iiinl.iiy ''.!' t'c .i- ' v .: rdless
nf les nf d.l'.s- . i 'O.it el' tluon
remain t 1. 1 y w!i,to t'ic were located,
vcars .n;,., .- tut v wo rnt..;d labor, e::
poire and cuitL'y li:ie Icon wasted !u
1 1-j 1 1 1 ir to haul over tbctii and l:i en
tjeavofs to to m o e tl'i-'r on.ii'i.ni.
Tile gie.it clT.il- I. liiHile of colltillU
lug I i follow these ; : i 1 1 . 1 1 . ;sith'
with our I'tiVv h.-hw.ivs 11,. ri-.il!
coll"-.- is t . ,,..1 .. ti:, i-iv; ;nvi- and
! thr the t a, .ir.e.iiM the end or
' along (V ii.' .1' t.'o; I, i; instead ol
i - 'at inc. i li ,'ivr tl m m- ti pttl!
j 'he r i.t I r.. o . d-y. .!,. ground In
-t.'.ul " -I'i.oh i.g tltfi.i-g'i the mild
and w iter ,-f ti e i ns-k or amp Uar
more t n,e and money have U-oti wast
ed in tix'tig to 1,,-eii ui a Miu'.e mile
uf one of these "pig track" surveys
than .1 would take to build and koev In
repair two miles of good road
Another and perhaps greater error Is
made by sumo persons in the west who
continue to lay out their roads on "sec
t 'on t.ncs" These sections ara si
square, w ith sides ruutiiH north, south,
east and west. A person wishing to
cross the country in any other than
these d'.ro tions must mvessari'y do so
In rc. t i: g-;!,ir zigzags. It a No neves
!ta:os very often the crossing and re
crostn of hills and i alleys which
tu.ght Ivavo.d.ed if the roads had been
constructed on scientific prttieiples.
In the prairie state of Iowa, for ex
ample, where roads are no worse than
In mnnv other states, there Is a great
-r number of roads having much steep
er (.'nidi's than are found iu the moun
tainous republic of Switzerland. In
Marjlaud the old stagecoach road or
turnjiilce running from Washington to
Iialtiinoie makes almost a "bee Hue,"
regardless of hills or valleys, aud the
grades at places are as steep as 10 or
1 per cent where by making little de
tours the road might have been made
perfectly level or by running It up the
hills least abruptly the grade might
have been reduced to 3 or 4 per cent,
aa is done in the hilly regions of many
parts of this and other countries.
Straight roada are the proper kind tc
have, but In hilly countries their
straightness should always be sacrl
flceU to obtain a level surface, so as to
better accommodate the people who
Graceful and natural curves conform
ing to the lay of the land add Beauty
to the landscape, besides enhancing the
value of the property. Not only do lev
el curved reads add beauty to the land-
aXEVATTNfl KOAD OKA DEB.
scape and make lands along them
more valuable, but the horse is able
to utilize his full strength over them.
Furthermore, a horse can pull only
four-fifths as much on a grade of two
feet in 100 feet. Tills gradually lessons
until wPh a grade of ten feet In 100
feet he can draw but one-fourth as
much ax he can on a level road.
All roads should therefore wlud
around hills or he cut through Instead
of running over them, and In many
cases the former can be doue without
greatly Increasing the distance. To
Illustrate, If an apple or pear be cut
in half and one of .the halves placed on
a Hat surface, It will be seen that the
horizontal distance around from stem
to blossom Is no greater than the dis
tance over between the same points.
Mors For Governmant Aid.
W. F. Hill, muster of the state
grange of I'eiuiHylvanlu, is quoted as
saying lu a recent address that "tbe
grange of that state believes that the
government should assist in building
the public roads and that It Is the pur
pose of the national grange to under
take to obtain the passage of a bill
through congress to appropriate $50,
000,000 for this purpose. This appropri
ation, it Is contemplated, shall be di
vided over Ave years, $10,000,000 being
available each year, and to be paid to
states for expenditure through the
state highway department I recom
mend that the state grange give to this
movement Its cordial Indorsement"
What Trees Should Be flanted
by the Wayside.
WHY FRUIT TREES ARE USEFUL
Their Yield Would Build Up a Fund
For Maintaining and Improving High
ways List of Long Lined Shads
Trees Preferred by an Export. j
T'he quest ion us to what trees should
be set out to give shade and charm to
our thoroughfares is thus uusweied lu
the tSood Uoads Magazine by I.. C.
t orls'tt. horticulturist to the depart
ment of agriculture;
It is known In a general way thut
chestnut, walnut, plum, tipple and oth
er fruit trees ni'e used for this purpose
til many foreign countries. It Is iu
many cases desirable that the trees
which are to give shade shall also
yield fruit which, when gathered and
sold iu the proper season, will build
up a fund to K- used for the main
tenance of the road, or perhaps to lie
tleiotod to the siavlal purpose of fur
ther beautifying the highway and so
lidding to the material us well as to the
aesthetic value of the neighboring laud.
Within the confines of the United
Stales so great a variety of conditions
exist whli h bear on lli.s iues!Um that
it would seem linpos-sll le to designate
a INt of trees which will be adapted to
all the road conditions lu this country,
unless It Is desirable to limit the list
to fruit or to nut hearing trees. U
this Is the case, the fruit hearing trees
which will tie found Ust adapted to
highway conditions are the apple and
the p'-ar for some localities.
Apples may tie planted In all that
part of eastern United States north of
the farolinas and In the Appalachian
reg'on even south of that sivtlon. West
of these mountains the apple will serve
as far south as the gulf states and
westward to the base of the Uocky
mountains, with crh:ip the exception
of the northern part of Minnesota, the
Iwakotas and Montana, where It would
he well to substitute other plants for
the apple unless the crab apple were
substituted for the cotnmou apple.
Nut bearing trees which are adapted
to this use lu eastern United States
are t!a hickory, the walnut aud the
butternut for New England aud uloug
the Appalachian mountain as fur
south as tloorgia At this point the
distnbut on of the,. io:t trees should
take a rut -,w i.-.l f a .it, th,. west
' K i l
Graas Prix, Peris,
over the world are dlscaidlng other Itecords for the Columbia.
They Fit All Makes of Talking Machines
If Columbia Records sound best on Columbia Graphopnones: hot If yours
Is another make, Columbia itecords will greatly Improve the Tone Quality of
Prove It For Yourself
Cotmaeia 1 0-tack Disc Records, 60c Columbia Cold-MoahM Cyfiader lacards, 25c
CoJiawble Half-foot Crlieder Records, 50c
Columbia Phonograph Co, a,
371 Washington Avenue,
MARBLE AND GRANITE WORKS
J. B. PADDOCK, Proprietor.
I am prepared to furnish anything in the line ot Cemetery work In any kin
of Marble or Uranite.
NearU thirty years of experience la tbs Marble business warrants my tar lag
that I can Oil your orders in the very best msnner.
Can furnish work in Scotch, Swede or American Ursnits or any kind si
Front street, next to Ureen't (Juoabop.
LIVERY . . . FEED
and SALE STABLES
OILM0RE & B0REN, Proprietors.
II Street between Fifth and Sixth Phonb 881 Grants Pass, Oregon
BOOKS and DRUGS
9Sm GRANTS PASS, ORE.
Iowa, northern Wisconsin, Minnesota
or In the 1'akotas.
The black walnut, however, may be
planted over the southern part of Sllu
uesota, eastern South I'nkota, eajtem
Nebraska and Kansas.
Personally I U-lieve that as s rule
It would be lietter to select long lined
BBAOK TREKS AS ROAD BEACTIFltHS.
hade trees than to attempt to com-
l ine fruit production with shade anil
j The following list of shade trees
won 1 1, ia my Judgment, fulfill the re
nulivmeuta better than the fruit and
I Elms are desirable, but do not give
1 900 DoMe Greaa Prize, St. toeis, I S04
Graad Prize, Milaa. 1908
" himinU Clti- Dtakn twmmlm,
CYLINDER and DISO
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The clear, sweet, natural tons of
lolumbla Records delights the ear
concord of Bweet sounds." They
reproduce all the characteristic timbre
and sympathetic qualities of the hu.
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H All harsh, metallic, disagreeable
sounds are entirely eliminated, making
Columbia Records the smoothest known!
They Wear Best
If Columbia Records outlast all others,
bv actual test. Thousands of uaeraaii
MAKES LEAN PEOPLE FAT
throngh the nerveoua system.
It's a purely Vegetable
compound, contains no oils
or fats or any drugs that I
injurious or liable to pro
duce a habit.
It's tbe greatest Tonlo In
the world. Each bottli
contains a month's treatment and
costs $1.50 at any Drug Store
Prepared by the ANTI-LEAN
MEDICINE CO.. Portland Ore
as dense n canopy as do tbe maples.
In New England and the middle states
the sugar maple is one of the most de
sirable nnd extensively used sUade
trees. If a shade more deuse than
that given by the sugar maple Is de
sired, the Norway maple may bo plant
ed Instead. It has long lieen considered
one of the finest shade trees we have
about Washington. From Washing
ton southward to the Cnrollnas a vari
ety of shnde trees may lie employed,
such as the silver maple, which Is per
hnps the least desirable of the maple
family. The sycamore has a natural
distribution throughout this whole ter
ritory and Is hardy nnd beautiful. The
oaks offer n number of good shade
trees, although some grow slowly. Ia
this family the red oak, the willow
oak and the pin oak are all desirable
for roadside use outside tho territorr
In which the live oak thrives.
Ia my judgment there Is no tree
which compares with tbe live oak for
shade and ornament in regions south
i'f the northern latitude of Caroilni
This tree might lie used to the exclu
sion of every other throughout the
southern pnrt of the United States, be
cause It is typical of that region.
For California the pepper tree wU'
perhaps supersede everything else as
roadside tree, while in Florida tie
camphor tree might well be used as s
substitute for the pepperjree of Call