i Published In the Greatest Valley of Eastern Oregon. The Oldest and Most' Reliable. | The Best Advertising Medium. Harney Valley Items i VOL. 18. II. N. Malslyrs. Preprlslur l'ha». N- C'o»b»tut. Ktlllor and Uui(«r. BURNS. OREGON, SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 15. 1902. fined, or the grazing land can be leasing sulnect to entry under tho public land laws. Even under such restrictions it in believed that the I gteater part of the grazing lands | can tn leased, and the rentals there from would amount inthcaggrc- MOODY ON LEASING I NO. 12. find enough land in his cotinty abutting his fj'-ehelding, would ur- der the bill have the right, the same as the large company, to go into some other section and lease additional lat.d, but it would not be profitable or fcasuble for him, on such a small scale to do so; the Lenefits of this provision lie whollv 'from the revenues of the nation, with the large interests. Hat'd*art of Evory Dtocription. I bccauna it would come from the The small grower who is usable j better m-e of a resource which now to move his herd from range to MLttNH. .. OKF.UON. product's nothing. V • • range cannot be put upon tlx san:e Tho following letter from Repre- dtiees little forage, the aggregate “There are al»o many thinga to , ,, , , , , 1 value of th-na-ttura-'e in verv prnat th'-paitursg* is very grvat, pkme as the large company which vrntative Moody on land leasing and large sums of money and many commend tbo expenditure of the can profitably operate eeperat» should be read carefully by every men are t-mploved in the range revenues derive'! from the sale of public lands to the construction of two establishments and the law stockman. He is desiroue of know stock industries. Probably 400,(XX), irrigation works. Such an expendi should not make conditions of ing tbo individual opinion of every (XX) acres of the public domain has ture will enhance the value of the which the smallest grower cannot one on tho inatRsr of which he 1 no agricultural value except for remaining land?, open up larger pasturage. At present it is an open writes that he can better work for common with no lavra fur its pro areas to settlement, and add to the as advantageously avail himself <rs material wealth of the country in a the strongest. their intaresXs. Let him know ex-1 tection or its disposal. I much larger m*asuro than will the •••••«•«••••»••••••••I Under thia provision the owners actlj your |>ositiou. Ilis letter in ‘ The question to be considered retention of these lands by the JOHN W »MGGH. 1‘retbltat, of railroad or wagon road lai d I is whether this lack of the control Go7ernment in their present con Giti) EH Y. Castnar. full follows: grant, could secure as fast as they of the grating lands is an injury or dition. o Mr. Chas. N. Cochrane, an ail to the irrigation develop "The leasing value of the grazing could make a claim to use th»rn, Editor Harney Valley Items. ment. That it must exert and im la’ ds has been demonstrated in a areas equel to ten times their pres Feb 2, 1902. portant influence can eca.’coly bo number of arid States. When Mon ent holdings, unite them-with what c Dear Sir—Herewith I hand you doubted. tans, Wyoming. Washington and thev now have and exclude ait (Incorporated ) “ Tn Metlons remote fr-otc railways copy of a bill providing for the Idaho were admitted to the Union, BURNS, — -- - — OREGON. Ì leasing for grazing purposes of va or local markets the prohibitive a condition was attached to thedo- stock or charge such rat»s for pas e a cost of transportation rer-dors the turage as taey might see fit. a cant public domain, which wa« in growing of firm products for sale nalion of State lands, which pre a This bill wnile apparently yro- vented their t ale for l “ S-3 than $16 troduced bv Senator Millard and unprofitabia. These products must an acre. This was a prohibitive teeting ¿homestead entries, would ■ ia now being considered in commit be consumed where raised, and th» j,rice, as the adjoining areas of A Ceneral Banking Business Transacted. tee ( .V’e publish bill on fourth page) only product that can be so con public land could be acquired for in effect practically repeal tlw Directors W. Y. King, I. H. Geer, Geo. Fry, W. K. Triach. is winter feed for stock, and nothing under the homestead act. I homestead law. It provide that J. C. Welcome. i It is understood that this is the sumed this in turn requires stock to con- I Hence the enly way a revenuccould leased land shall be subject to »•••••»«•• i bill prepared at the instance of the suu.e it. Many irrigable arcs« are i be derived was through their ren- homestead entry, but the new set I American Live Slock Association. 50 or 100 miles from a railroad sta I tai. A b lhe greater pert of these tler who might take up a homestead Hearings will be had before the tion. The use of grazing lands is arc comprised in sections 1G and 3i OFFICIAL I’IK ECTOK Y PROFESSIONAL CARDS. Houie and Senate Committees, but an essential to successful irrigation I and only represent the value of pas- on land held in lease by« large ' 1 feel eoafident after consulting of these are is as control of a water I lure lands, they afford a fair iedi- company would have no means of W atb or (lll'WM. supply, but so long as there is no lJ»M»li SI«» wilb members representing as I do, law giving secure tenure on graz.ing I cation of the rental possibilities of leasing or using any land abjacent V. a aaaaiara. ,U W Mr Hr .J. J ■ MfUULLKa. districts covering large areas oi land the farmer undar irrigation is the grazing areas.'. The following to his new homestead. Any leas 4 M. Mood» taaeraaeMta. shows whit has been dore by ing bill should jirevide that the I Tk«iaa, is» 'grazing lands, that final action will 1 subject to the danger of having his table URN niaskboru A Marner Ueaertl several States in this matter, and PHOTOGRAi HER T. I Gear > not l><- taken upon this bill until it home pasturage eaten lip by some is a significant indication of what settler who males homestead «ntry Ja.sraor. nomadic flock or herd. This fre F. 1 Dunbar ■earalai » si Siaia. »ball have had the widest publici- quently occurs, and the gravity o< j is being lost through lack of’inan on any of the large lease holding^ C. S. Moors state Traaesrer, Marut, Wreffon lag-■-.'-nt -■'t’-.s public lar.dvof this should also have the right to ac- J M.AefcsraMn 4u»t Feb lanraelloa. j ty and l>een fully discussed by the conflicts it provokes is r , .-¡« a tawii g till.- io a proper Main 8t — opposite Bank. W H L*ed> ataia Printer, ' those interested. I trust you will During the summer months i a . character: <e K wot»srt<.B 9nntin*ry Shnwinjr Bi-snMs of proi-irti of Li: 1 i t - or lu a. h .» i > e.pr.ma JnSra. i puli'.ish it in th« I-rcua and iuviiei week p*sses which does >' wit I • iwii>K Stale T «». i ’ s in Sum«-, 'P A. Moor, l ' ” U if g u ’ ' !. m <>1 the Arili <• Ates. a full discussion of its provisions.: ncss an armed encounter «-<!. . ~3 Will B «lUilOlAL D14TMCT I when t is same ■ w thi-j i-. I n- tween settlers and range s ‘ - :n . I ’ "* • i) Il is being very’ generally urged] ïl Ulrent: Jud«» D «'"**'* as akspex 4 UKAnr 3 or among the range stockmen con daries of the large■crigmai l aee 1 ¿ rrnooeiiilu« Atiu-nsy. »■ Millsr |V1 r Zt i that a law of some kind to regula'e tending for tho control of the same State & — * 2 u The right must be reserved to the C. a LAND OFFICE. nitHMN * WLMuri««, John W Geary, b — * t * — Zi and control the use of the public grazing area. If, instead of this I - /. Bt(1»Wt, Oso W. Kay«. Plajti-ian» <C’ Surytnni homebuilder, net only to settle upon uncertain and uneconomic system, 70 JV'3,121 .I'M range must be enacted in the near Colu. 2,639,933 1,251,7 Itsuelvev, Ct»« M»w»U Bairs. Oregon likljn, 32,271 23,650 61 any portion of the public domain, , future. The forces in its favor in thore could be a law iar the control Meat. • • HtRNKY CO<NTY 995.912 112.467 .11 but also to t-ike with him his little (C^'OlTIre at reaid< n<a. ’Jhlone 20. of the grazing land which would J. W Morrow ¡Congress are somewha. aggres«ive Ncbr. 2,483,372 1 >79.143 . oml Monal-ir .... unite with a small homestead of ir tlock or herd, and at once share in 106,531 t. fl Gear '• R.^woa-nt«4. n ¡uni have suggested to the members rigated land a larger but limited Utah, Wvo.________ 1 ' ■ « Jams« Sparrow County Jud¿s ' from the range disiricts that they area of grazing lands, thnsenabling •• Tutal m-eipi« for lifonninni enatag tho use of an equitable proportion I A. Venator QIGUS A BIGUB l 'nmmimionrf tnav carefully consider and shape each farmer to raise his winter feed Nov 30, l'JOO, fur interest, rentals, boatis, of the range. ) Geo. Ilagey etc., were $742,075 65. The Lili would also repeal the J W Bitta. Dalton Bltf* ... .11. Richaruaon ' such a law, but that they will not supply on his irrigated land while Clerk “In adtlkion to these State ren-! desert land act and the Timber keeping his stock on the grazing Geo. Hlieilry tibor iff ............. , be allowed to block all legislation A t ( o rncyt-af- I m r, lands io summer, the value of irri tals, the Union Pacific Railway and Stone act. ... It. A. Miller Trcaanrer - on tho subject. BCBKl. OKBQON. gation works would be much en-i1 in 1900 rented 428.0'0 acres in .... Joe Buchanan I Awesacr ....... This bill provides that all leases I deem it of great importance, lisnced and a great incentive given ; Wyoming, and 067,520 acres in! ¿MF ’ ililtre in Hank building. ____ J.C. Bartlett Hupt of Kelioolu shall be subject to assigi mut Colorado, and the Northern Pacific j ' therefore, that we should consider to development by private capital | <M»e. Win til g Murveyur __________________________________________ Railway leased over 1,000,000 ae:es without limitation. This could be- “ The purpose of such union of, Dr W L Msrujen i the subject from every standpoint. AJ.ironer............. at rents varying from 2 to 7 cents the irrigable at-.d grazing lands yend question result in great spec Lon Richardton olock Inspector I want to be so well informed as to wou’d bo to divide the grazing land per acre.” /-»go W Q a TM ulation and land monopoly fit the needs and desires of all con into a multitude cf small holdings HURNfl PRECINCT I ask for the publication of this years to come. I net ice of the I’race D famcaou cerned in my district that I will be and thus increase the number of bill and hope that its publicity U(tern«y »t-I.av, The iceult of the enactment into ’mmtahle ... .... Geo Tregaakis able to say not only what we DO people benefited by it; to give se I will provoke full discussion of '.he hl’KX*. OBBOON. law of Section 7 of the bill would curity of tenure, which will make ■CITY OF BURN* AWursvy ter Ula s Sehuol Board. , NOT WAN 1'. but as well what wc i question by those mo6t vitally iu- be compulsory fencing which would the growing of live stock attractive <7. £. Kenyon Mavor DO WANT. I believe that some to many who arc now repelled by i terested including ths local stock Joo. Cardwell. Mamhall concerted attempt at legislation is the risks and controversies of the i association—those who, being cr. . for the small grower, be very ex C.B. Rig-re. Ite. veder y^ILUAMS A FirtOBBAl.D to be made at no distant day, i and upon range ; to give increased value ground, arc best qualified to judge pensive if nut destructive. Fencing W A Gowan r«a«urer (I C. Fol*v. mv belief is supported by tho fol-; to irrigation a..d provide tlm con- as to the local effect of any such should be optional not compulsor.t, Tksrulaa Wltllaaa. ki FilagvralS. )*'. F. Triach. Cvt4«ilmoll if permitted at all. AMnrstr At 1A*. salary Pub!'.«, lowing quotations from the reports, ditions indispensable to success in JGeo Fry meaaure. For the faithful repre many localities. Such a land sys I am rot in favor of any bill 'liro. hhulley. of the ¡Secretary uf Agriculture. His tem woulJ also encourage the in eentalion of my district I wish to Law, Notarial and lltal Eilatt which does not unqueationally se report for 1899 save on thia subject: troduction of improve! breeds of know ths prevailing wish and opin Prartiet cure to the small settler the use of “Injudicious grazing bus greatly stock. because it would offurd bet ion on this important subject. L*4(* BIrMtary. Burns, Oregon. a reasonable proportion of the pub jJE^Officein old Masonic building impaired the capacity uf the ranges ter opportunities to care for them. With mv present light on the needs lic range, nor which wc ulti in anv to produce meats. Careful inquiry At present there is little induce- R vbms Ix>r><it No. 70, K of F shows that in many eases the ranges I ment to such improvement, because of Eastern Oregon, so far as the . way restrict ihe settlement of the Meo's every Thursday night. du not support more than half the of lack of control over the country enclosed bill is concerned, I ant country. This latter a most im- F. M Jordan. C. C. p M. JOBDAM. uieut bearing animals they did ten ¡occupied It would enlist self-in- ’ free to say that I deem it an un- portinl feature. Within the ¡Res fl. V Aharahead , K of R M. 1 years ago The ranges, have been teiest in tho provement. or at least safe and dangerous measure. ent range area of Oregon taere are Practical Htnd Suraayar. j overstocked, the grassesjiave been the preservation, of tho native BURNS CHAPTER, NO. 4». O. R. « Under its provisions the large thousands of p aces suitable far eaten bare and pulled out by the grasses, where every influence now Meet« Mcond and fourth Monday of n«ma, Oi . stock interests would certainly have l homestead, an-J any laws enact.d roots, and where formerly nutritious tends toward their destruction. each month in M »tonic h ill, Voeglly grass supported a large number of “Such a union of the irrigable a decided ad vantage over the small should be so framed as to stimulate bailding. Mrs. Mijrgie I.tvtn«, W. M. animals, there is now left nothing and grazing lauds would cause the' I settler and to til* detriment of the Mr«. Euaha Thoi*|»aan, Sae. but i desert of drifting sand. * » * building of fences and the making ! State. The bill provides that the settlement. g W. MU.LBI, I Under my interpretation of this “It would seem wit« to inaugur of other improvement, far• beyoml I ownor of a frtehalJ lcR,e Oftj BURNS LODGE, NO. »7. A. F, A A. M. ate a more sensible policy regarding tbo limits of irrigation live stock measure, I can see no > It would , , , , . , . J A ’ atwry Public and Ctnatyanctr, Meets Saturday on qr befora full moon. bind abutting, and within the same these public grazing lands. They 1 attach settlors to the pastured areas i course open hut to vigorously op QuAlitiad broth an fraternally invited, M4rt««f4i, D»«4>. R ul , MrrMlly an«4« county—ten acres of leasehold to pose it as I opposed similar meas Mara«. WragaB. should be rented to individuals in: as closely as they ar« now wedded <!. E. Kt.yea, W. M. F. H. Rieder, OF»« al Sl«r» sufficiently largo areas and fora,' to their irrigated fields. It seems one of freehold. If there is not Baar. sufficiently long time to induce the ' to possess many advi-ntnges over enough land abutting the freehold ures last Congress; but I would appreciate a full discussion ef the lessee to give attention to their im-! the present system, or lack of sys Rt’RNX LODGE. NO. 03, A. O. U. W. provement. Tho title should re-1 tem, if a satisfactory law can be of the small settler in his county, leasing question from those m«st Moats al Brown hall every Friday eve main in the United States, so that enacted bringing it into op“iation.. he is practically shut out from interested. ning VirililiK hiuthere fraternally in the homesteader might have an op Whatever is done, noobsta le should * leasing any other land. There may MALCOLM A. MOODY. vited, Thos. Kagers, W. M. Chas. N. portunity, uuder such conditions be placed i.i the way of homestead be in each State a large amount of Cash rant, lleeerder. (The Millard leasing bill is pub as would not interfere with the settlement, but this docs not seem residuary land—land remaining « lished on fourth page.) renting, to make scttlemvnt wher to offer any special difficulties. In 4 HARNEY LODGE, NO. 77, I. O O F. 4 ever practicable.” I the first plsce, the grazing area not leased under the foregoing pro Meets every Saturday cvrn)#g, R-own’t In his annual report for 1901, I should be leased and not sold. The visions. The bill provides that hall Visiting brothers fraternally in T rade M arks Financiers sty that gold is be D esigns vited. E'rank O. Jackson, N.G. recently issued, the Secretary again - possibilities of its utilization have this land would be subjeet to lease coming too plentiful in this country. r»»«»»' C opyrights Ae. not yet been determined, nor is U. G. Smith, Secretary. by any stockgrowers now lining it, Anrnn« ««ndln« ■ akMrh «nd Amiertptlon m«y recommends the enactment of a enough known to fix definitely the «ntoklr Mm-rtaln our oplniou fr»« wn«lh«r an whether it abutted on th.ir own There >re quite a number of people li>T«utlon la probably patantab'« Couimnr.tra. leasing law. and says : limits of a grazing homestead. Tho lands or not, aud this would enable however, who have not ret hollered M riot ly con«<lantlal. Handbook on Palert« TUI E CIRCLE, NO IM, WOMEN OF Ilona •Mil fraa. UldMt aaenry for ««mrlnfpaianu. “Surrounding the irrigable val lensing of the grazing land in suoh Patanla taken tbronirh Maun A Co. romiT« Woodcraft. Moste 2nd and 4tli Tues rprrM ”Nuff.” noflr», without ohanra, In tkn leys are vast areas of grazing land a way ac uot to interfere with the the large range companies to im day al Brown’s hall. Mrs. Tillis Jordan, Mrs. Iona Whiting. Guardian. which can never lie cultivated be homesteader enn I m ? accomplished mediately lease virtually for twen Scientific Hmerkan» <<•*. cause A ductor can persuade a weiset Clerk. A niuntrated WMklr. of lack of water, or l>ecauae in one of two wavs: Public lands ty years, enormous areas which dvallon of any iclrntlfin journal. Tarin«, M a : to have almost any thing amputated ■I«»«. '•A m I the surface ia loo broken for irriga- can be classified I and the boun- they now use or claim to use. LkY.uu'•'X1*“’,L h’ ti')Q. Although a single itere pro- daries of irrigation snd grazing de- couM nct -«V-pt her tunguc. Jh? unall settlor «bo Oregonian nn’l W.nrt Geer & Cummins ! I THE CITIZENS BANKS J : Capital Stock $25,000 00 I i i I Asks For a General Discussion-—Read Careiully a What He Says-The Millard Bill.