The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, June 14, 1924, Page PAGE 2, Image 2

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Haiunliiy, Juno tt, lUiSJ
-. H. BIMIW Wmjll) lllliWWI
"All. Flesh is Inw.s," HnyliiK Which
Jw.lde Hotwwn Profit and Lous
In beef, milk, mutton products
,(By A. W. Sampson, Associated Pro
fonHor of Forestry)
Tho old proverb 'nil flesh grass
in ii .rulsin which decides for tko
stock riiun tho difference between
profits and Iorh In beef, milk find
mutton production. Today only itnl
waln In Reed flesh can bo Hold to nd
vantaRO. Tholr inurkotitbtllty and
tho price which they command aro
Uiitarmlnoit directly by the condition
or tho rniiKO "bread bnakot" tho
abundance of Reed feed nvallnble
the year through.
Heretofore tho stockman, natural
ly uuourIi, bun nlmply takou what
aturu offered him. In many locali
ties tho raticu Is produclm; leas than
half nH much foraRO iih formerly.
Komutlmca tho remaining hair con
sists mainly or woods mid poverty
Kruss. Nowhere Is the yield of a
pasture maintained where leafage Is
kept eaten down hh sor.u as It ufford
a good blto. (Irnzlni; to the limits of
tho fornRu Rrowth year nfler year
enn iiroduco only one result a sharp
decline In tho RrazlnR capacity. Tho
roost uuccosHrul entllo aml hIiooji
Kruwcra or today are ho RrnzltiR tholr
holdiiiRR that u llttlo of tho host for
aRu rumalnn uueropped nt the end
or tho riiunliiR season. The financial
loss reuniting from overgrazing and
croppltiR at tho wrong tlmo In tho
season Is yo i;roat that It cannot bo
oven approximately estimated. Or
dinarily iconservatlvo grazing, es
pecially If tho RrnzltiR plan fits In
with the seed development require
ments or thu better foniRO plnnts,
rroatly Increases the profits and snb the live stock market.
AmoiiR the range InvestlKatluns
planned, those of first Importauco
aro concerned with tho rosoodliig of
the native forage plants. Extensive
reseodlng trials conducted In various
.parts of the West have shown that
soodliiR to cultivated plants Is lim
ited essentially to moist meadows
nud localities whore thu annual pro--clpllatlou
Is comparatively heavy.
Nil tu m I roscedtug, on the other
hand, Is applicable everywhere. This
(.i to he expected because the native
plants aro tho "survival or tho fit
test" for their region; they aro well
suited to the soil, and the develop
ment of seed Is accomplished In a
normal growing season. Tho na
tive plants have rought for their
lives and won because thoy were tho
only ones best able to adjust them--nelves
to the conditions under which
they live. On thu rungc, curtain nat
ural laws determine tho character of
tho plant cover. It Is only when gnu
Ing Interferes with tho requirements
or Rrowth and reproduction that tho
native plants dluippor from tho
lands. ,
The chief object of the natural
resoedliiR study Is to determine the
best methods of IticreaHliiR tho for
ro crop over tho State as a whole,
with as llttlo Interference .b'potdhht
In thu present plans of livestock
handlliiR. The .State varies widely
In elovatlon, climate, chpraeter of
soli, nmoung of precipitation, nud
degrees of aridity. The vegetation
of tho lower lauds Is composed or u
much different lot of things from
those that occupy tin minim or ring
ed. Therefore, tho roncedlng plans
vurloH somewhat. Ilocnuse the seed
of plauta growing at tli various eh
vnlloiiK ripen at dlffcrim times In
the season, It Is Important that the
roiled required tor h-m production
be determined for all of .h clmpnr
4nut gruzliiR typei.
Any marked Improvement in 1(.
rango forage Is dapuiiJont u;r.ui vlg
orous healthy plant, for otherwise
llttlo or no Reed ccd is produced.
15 ii t how In a sold ,-rop to lie deve.
oped If tho pastor,! is eroppe I u.fh
year? Obviously, h'i stockmen can
not afford to nut h range for two
or throe years d ir'u '.he nucidiiiK
period. .luch a pl.tu Ii neither prne
tlcable nor necessary,
HeheedlUK High Hiinimee HancN
TIio Hystem known as "deferred
grazing," which tu!(ui Into account
tho growth requirements of tho vege
tation Irom tho time that thu seed
is developed to the ustnbllshwun: of
tho young noudllng plants, has given
rouHplcuo'u rosiills wherovor ap
piled. On the high summer ranges
the essential prlnclplos of dcrbTd
gruzlng are: (1) An overgrazed areu
BHfflclontly largo to supply tho for
age from time or seed maturity until
tho end or tho growing season, Is
protected rrom Htock until tho Hood
crop has matured; (2) upon matur
ity of seed tho forage Is grazod
closely during tho first season; 3)
tho same areu Is protected to about
tho same date In tho second season,
In order that tho now plants may bo
eomo thoroughly established; (1)
when the area selected mH i)oou ro
seodod it Is grossed early In tho ou
tion and a second arua of snlflclont
nlzo to take caro of tho atoek to tho
end of thq grazing period, Is protect-
alternating thu grazing after need , furred grazing demonstrations
maturity from una urea to tho other ' testa,
la continued, not only during tho , Tho
period required for tho rcaeodlng of
each selected area, but oven after the
deferred portions have been fully re
vcRotatod. Tho rotation grazing plan not
only keops tho vogotatlon vigorous
at all times hut results In thu forma
tion or an occasional Heed crop on
each part of tho rango. The use of
this grazing plan has resulted In In
creasing tho foraRO as much as 300
per cent In u relatively short tlmo.
ItescedliiK Foothill Honge
Tho fob th III lands are of Hpecial
Interest to tho stockmen, (1) bo-
cause thoy are the most surlouuly de
pleted of any of tho more Important
units, and (2) because of their
growth of "winter annuals" plauta
like wild oats, alfalfn. and bur
clover which aro rolled upon to
carry tho Htock throuRh tho winter,
Generally, the crophiR or these
lauds begin In tho fall when I ho
Rrowth has startod, nud continues
until the herbage dries up In tho
nprliiR. Where this plan Is followed
to the maximum grazing capacity
year artor year tho lauds aro badly
run down, ehlotly because no soyd or
tho more palatable plants aro pro
Actual grazing tests have shown
clearly that a good seed crop and In
creased teed may he protected, even
where tho herbage Is Rrazetl closely,
it thi unliiiitlsnru moved rrom a
portion of the range by about the
middle or March. Thu plan or defer
ring thu grazliiR rrom about March
K to June 1 has resulted in lu
ci easing tdu forage several hundred
per cent In a row years. Thu applica
tion or tho plan Is dotormlnid large
ly by thu possibilities 1) or reserv
ing for tho animals a small amount
of rango In tho spring In order to
protoct rrom cropping a portion of
thu range for ruuccdlug, or ('JJ of
tor the stock during the period need
ed for thu rango plants to dovolopu
The deferred grazing plan, when
applied on tho roothllls, has Riven
I'Xceleut results If the area is grazed
up to about March Ui, but protected
Iherenfter until Juno I. Moreover,
I hero is practically no loss or roniRit
oven tho rirst year. Tho additional
reed originating rrom the seed pro
duced following thu first year's pro
tection soon Increnses appreciable
the grazing capacity of tho lands,
thereby more than offsetlng any dis
advantage encountered In providing
the necessary protection. When one
"I'iiiik protection piau Hiiouiit ue ap
plied to another part, and tho rota
tion continued Indefinitely, as de
scribed In applying the deferred gnu
lug system on thu high summer
run Res
.Stockmen are agreed (1) that
their range lands are not support
ing In good condition the number of
animals they did formerly, and (2)
that more and butter forage Is es
sential to successful livestock pro
duction. Tho HtockniniiV m-j
A hlt-or-mlsH plan or range Im
provement will not accomplish the
end desired. Only reliable Informa
tion will have any value. To obtain
thu facts needed two sols or experi
ments are necessary. (I) the use,
first of all, of a largo number of so
called "sample" plots, and (2) de-
fenced plots should bo con
structed this Winter and spring. Thin
can bout be done by thu various
stockmen's associations, or by the
Btncknion themselves. Tho plots need
not bo large, 20 to 30 foot on a aide
bolng ample. In each county whore
grazing Is Important there should
bo from 20 to .1G substantially foncod
sample plots, Thoy may ho built of
panels, or of poles or woven wire.
It Ib well, however, to ubo material
that will shade tho ground no tnoro
than necessary. Tho plots should
bo so located as to represent In tho
matter of soil and vegetation typical
major rango areas. Tho object of
tho use of thu renced plots Is to do-
tormlug (1) tho wnys and extont of
reproduction or tho dUTerent kind
of pasture plnnts; (2) what plants
aro likely to come In first whore tho
doferred grazing plan Is adopted nud
tho period or life or the undesirable
kinds; (3) thu maximum yielding
power of tho range us a whole and
or thu dlirorout pasture types; (I)
the alt-important matter -of varia
tion In the yield in good and bud
Tho deferred grazing tests should
provide for the prelection from graz
ing ufter about March lfi to June 1
or a portion of (be range, be it over
so small an area In thu beginning.
If thu animals cannot be taken olf a
portion of tho pasture to permit ihu
seed to develop, no enclosure could
be constructed, which should bit re
moved after tho ripening of tho seed.
How to Proceed
The first slop In tho development
ot the deterred grazing plan is to de
termine definitely tho latest date
that thu range may be grazed In the
spring to procure abundant seed of
the best forage plants, Obviously,
thu later that the ditto ot protection
rrom grazing proves to bo, thu turgor
will he the area upon which grazing
may bo doferred each season. Tho
latest ditto of tho grazing period for
seed production will vary somewhat
In different parts or tho Htate. In
thu southern Interior counties, for
example, tho Heed may ripen front 10
days to two week earlier than in
the northern Interior and coast
counties, henco the protection of tho
ritngit rrom spring grnxlug would bo
correspondingly earlier. To deter
mine once ami for all this Important
matter or the period or protection
imcesHary, preferably four renced
plots or "corrals" should bu estab
lished on each range typo studied.
Hle of Plot and lit or I-Vnclng
(lie plots uro usually suuarn In
shape and not less than 20 reel on a
side, but they may be considerably
larger ir desired. An urea typical or
tho range as a whole should bo se
lected for the plots; and there
should he stilllclont ground for the
location sldo by side or the four
orten representative range Is
round along an established fence
Hue. The existing rouco then forms
one sldo of thu four plots, leaving
only two sides to fence to Inclose the
throe plots nfler tho first corral Is
constructed. Thu ditto at which each
Hplcuously placed on thu plot.
Area for Deferred OurJug
Tho second slop In tho deferred
grazing test Is to Hot usldo an area
which will typify thu benefits to bo
onjoyed from tho praetico of de
ferred grazing. While thu acroago
for this purpose need not bu largo
In tho beginning, It should embrace,
If possible, tho different slopes and
plant combinations. Until tho dates
aro definitely established for tho
Btato iih A whole at which tho spring
grazing should close on the area to
bo reseodod, there should bo no graz
ing between March 20 and Juno 1.
Normal grazing, however, should ho
permitted during tho usual periods
aftor seed maturity, hut In thu fol
lowing spring grazing should again
bo discontinued on the sumo area
from March IB to Juno 1, and ,tho
practice of spring protection of tho
unit continued until tho forage yield
has Increased appreciably. Tho ralo
or the vegetation is of course de
termined by tho number of seed
plants present when tho test begins
and th ouuiuuul of Heed of good ger
mination strength that Is produced.
Artor tho rirst deferred grazing area
is rovegotated a second division or
the pasture In need or reseodlng Is
selected ror derorred grazing. Tills
plan Is continued until I ho whole
pasture Is revegelitted.
Mm. Nicolai Gives It Credit
For Restoring Health And
"Thu friend who recommended
Taiilao to mo was mighty enthusias
tic about It, but even thou I did not
expect such 'wundorful results as
It has given me," said Mrs. It. Nlco
lal, H21 37th Ave. Oakland, Calif,
"For months I had boon so run
down that I roll worn-out all tho
time. My appotlto hud fallen off, I
mirrored dreadfully from nervousness
and headaches and would wako up nt
all hours or thu night. I lost about
ton pounds and that miserable foul
ing or weakness and exhaustion hrg.
gars description.
"To begin with, Tunlac gave mo
perfectly splondld appetito and It
was a revelation Imw tho mcdlclnn
built mo up. My nerves bucame
calm, I could sleep Straight through
the night and before long I regained
nil my lost weight. I havo foil good
to thin very day, too, Tanlac Is cer
tainly a mnrvoloun tonic."
Tanlao Is for sale by all good drug
g Is tii. Accept no substitute, Over
40 Million bottles sold.
Tanlac Vegetable Pills, for ccn
iitlpatlon mado and recommended by
tho manufacturers of TANLAC.
"Mow'h your wife, llllnkH?"
Her head troubles her it good deal,
"Neuralgia?" queered Jinks.
"No, slio wants it now hut."
(leneral I'lind
Hlectlon Hoards, $3!)il.30; Circuit
Court Witness Feos $278.00; Hup.
plies: l.ampshlru Oarage, $17.25,
Service (Inrngu $27.fi7, lltirns Hur-
vice Htatlon $37. 8-1; Lunaburg Dal
ton & Co,, $5.50; Class & Prud
hointuu Co., $30.35; C. It. Llublg,
$10.82; llusliotig A Co., $11,28; I.
H. (leer, $1.-I0; TlmcH-Hurald, $1D1
05, Klectlon Supplies; W. A. Cood
man, $24.75, Hoard of 1'rlsoiior.i; Kwong, $3.C3 Meals for Jurors;
A. K. Goodman, $48.40, A. K, Oood
innn, 87.10, Sheriff Car Hire; W. A.
(loodman, $2.50, W. A. (loodman,
$75.7(1, W. A. (loodman $11.50
Traveling Kxpense; W, A. (lo.idinau,
$15.00, Mrs. K. F. Kchwartz, $10.a5,
('.has. A. King, $225.50, County Poor
F. Oltmati, .50 Mauling; W. Y.
King. $25.00. Lis) Clark, (18.00,
Florabel Smith, $20 00 Assisting lu
Sheriff olllce; W. V Monroe, $S.50,
Justice Fees; N. K. Pardee, $235.00
Wood for Court Mouse; Hob!. Hln
ilalr, $100.00, Janitor; It. W. Meek,
$20.00, AdvertlsliiR; Win. ..!. Will
kor, $24.00 Court Heporler; Irwin-
MoiUon Co., 13.15, Hepalrs; Aubrey
Hebonor, $125.00, AeKessliiR; I. C.
Fole, $120.00 Uoyd Sherburn,
X120.00 Watonuaster; Chits. K I.lll-1
man, 112.23, Mary Grlllbi $fi.:tn,
Slumps; Con. Ore. Tol. Co., 37.58,
Hentnls; Mrs. J, W. Ceary, $!) 00.
ICnld Oowan, $0.00, O'radlng Papers;
Nlua Melvln $5.00 Nursing; Hums
Power Co., $22.40, Lights; rt. N.
Holtou, $21.40 Commlsslonor, C. T.
Ullurd. $35.00, Commlsslonor; V.
K Huston, $825.00 County Audit.
Itodfiil Fund
Co., $2.50; I. S. (leer & Co., $3.00;
Could Hros. 27.10; Labor; Chas,
Hrlttiiighitm, 54.00; Fred Itaclne,
.Market Hond Fund
W. T. VitiiDovunr $550.00, Posts,
d'ofieriil Itoad Fund
50; W. 8. Sl.ounllor $12.25; W. W. That under nnd by vlrluo of Sections
Stolen $5.50; Frank Dryce. $120.00; j l0i27 ,, ,0223 0 ,
J. O. Harris, $33.25; .V. 12. Curroy . lhv undersigned, will sell to the
S54.00; Dulla Turner $03.00; Hill hi..,,,.-, ,,.,,,,. fnP rnqll . ... ,,..
i .. . . . v """"
ii. joiikiiui raticu on Sago Hen, Har
ney Courtly, Oregon, on the 23rd
Campbell. $187.50; (). W. Handol,
SlinnlloH llnrim Puuli izii.r..
Is fenced should he recorded. 172.75. iim . tnnn ur..i..'
preferably on a sign board, con stein Merc Co.. $51 10: Mm!... Mr..L.
$00.00; J. II. Hunyard, $54.75;
Herbert Whltlug, $24.50; J. L. Mc
Mtilliu. $110.00; Clarence Swacker,
$03.88; Claud McUee, $8.75; Chas.
Culp, $00.00; Ubald Coto $203.80;
It. W. Conger, $52.50; James A. Var
luii, $00.00; Hud Minion, $70.00;
John Hreodlove, $7.00; W. T. Vnn
Doveer $187.50, Posts; W. F. Oil
man, $0.90 hauling; Lumber: Mel
vln Parker, $10.48, Harney Saw
Mill, $401.10; Supplies: Mullen Fin
er Co., $81.50; C. It. Lloblg, $15.30,
Standard Oil Co., $10.35, Porter,
Bltz Co., $0.10; Itepalrs: Geo. M,
Shaw, $0.15, Hums Hardware Co.,
$5.85; T. II. Short. $0.50; II. A.
Pickens, $45.00 Driving Truck: I).
A. Dickenson, $10.00 Hauling; Andy
Hall. $38.50 Labor; 1)111 Campbell
$41.30, Labor; W. F. Sturgos $2.50,
lllgli School Fund
Supplies: I. S. Geer & Co., $3 10;
Welnstein Merc. Co., $5.15; Itecd
Hros, $4.05; L. B. Itecd, $2.05, N.
B Pardee. $203.75, Wood; llurne
Garage $40.00 Car lllro; Hurux
Power Co. $7.00, Lights; 1). M Mc
Dado $2.50, Telephone; Commence Cemmence
ment: Alex BgRtcston, $4.00; Tho
Times-Herald. $12.70; Janiter: Har
ry J. LogRan, $18.75, Chas. M. Mc-
i Council, $18.76.
1 Chas. B. Dlllmau, County Clerk
lu and for tho County or Horuoy,
do hereby coctlfy that thu foregoing
Is it true nud correct copy of all bllla
allowed by tho County Court at tho
Hegular June Torm, 1924.
Dated Juno 10th, 1024.
County Olrk.
- o
1 "
Kir r ' 'iXi
livJFHI llnglj P"V tJi M mm
Mound Trip
Summer Excursion
Many additional mun aro now em
ployed In tho national forest as fire
patrol bucause of the danger of flro
during this uxtremo dry weather.
day of Juno, 1024, tho following de
scribed property for tho reed bill
duo thereen:
Ono bay horso, branded
clrclo 8 on right stifle.
Ono brown horso branded quarter
clrclo 8 on right stifle.
Ono bay horse, branded 71 on Htft
Ono bay horse, branded II on loft
Ono bay home, branded H on bit
Ono brown horso, branded revert
ed B with bar throBgh H on both
Ono brown horse, branded VII ron
nuctcd on left Mtlfle and 114 ennnert
ed on right ntlflo.
Ono bay horse, branded II with under it on left shoulder nnd
NC connected on loft ahouldcr.
Ono bay horso, branded reversed
DB connected on loft stlrio.
Ono gray horso, branded on
left shoulder.
Ono brown horse, branded '. with
two perpendicular bars above and
ono bolow on right shoulder.
Ono bay homo, branded T over X
nnd I K on loft Mtlfle.
Ono bay horse, branded 4 over T
blotch on left Jaw.
That all of said horses being the
property of Kd McDonald. Said feed
bill being contracted on all of tho
abovo mentioned property at the
snmo tlmo nnd as a part of one
transaction on tho 20th day of Jan
uary, 1924, and thcro now being dun
upon tho said property as a feed bill
tho sum of $176.41, togothor with
tho costs and expenses of thin sale
This notice Is published lu The
TiiiioH-Hcrnld, a weekly newspaper
of Rouorn! circulation within said
Its All In The
To be right a tire must
be Diatic right.
BADGER tires are
made right, wear right
and are priced right.
In all ways they are
all-right. Your size in
Cord or Fabric.
Hiii'iiH, Oregon
Oas, OH, Accessories
Union Pacific System
To Points East
Daily May 22nd to
September 15th
To Points West
Daily May 15th to
September 30th
Limits October 31st
Stopovers-Diverse Routes
Coimilt Local Agant for further dotixilt
Gonurnl Pasienser Anant
Salt Luko City
Bvery procautloon Is being takon to County nnd State for a period ef
three weeks, the flrHt publication
being tho 31st day of May, 1924, and
that notices are published in three
public and conspicuous places with
in tho County and Btato nnd vicinity
of tho Bale.
prevent flros in tho forest and every
individual fshould do their part In
preventing rircs.
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Some women aro so modest that
thoy will not wear calico because
thoy hate to seo themselves In print.
Crane-Burns Mail Stage
Seven Passenger Touring Gars
Best on the line
Leaves Burns Post Office every evening
except Saturday, at 6 P, M. . '
Fare $2.50
U. S. HACKNEY, Proprietor
in our humidor are just like
they were fresh from
the factory
Goodl Cigar
Good Shape
for a
Good Smoke
Home Drug Co.
on uiivii inu seen nnj maiurou; (i) f
OM- .-.-.i