btlKiiUon, city water, ''nnd newer nyntcm all coming.' fetalmlH oiio of: "Friends," fain Lifa. ami it Ford what mono". V ' . 1 . ! I . . . . .... t .. . - "Men willingly believe 'has which jJiby wlh." If yon iJn' bolloyo The 'Xlmcs-Hcmlil'i't the filnro for your ml, It is be caMwi you are not willing f ft mx your buHlnem grow. (Vnil HUMSH IIAVO bcgUH to regress. - , VOL. XXXIII BURNS. HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON MAY 1, 120 NO. 27 CONSULTING IRRIGATION ENGINEER IS COMING Experienced Man Employed To Make Rcconnoissance Survey Immediately. V, ( Hnii'iuatt, consulting ougln at ot Sun h rauclsco, In oxpuutud to irrivo in P-riw on n.t Tuesday to itert th .Kl.ioorlng work on tho lUrney lloy Irrigation District (onstruu ii project. This i iho information given out li Secy i.jbt, M. Duncan following! a recent meeting of thu directors of U tllnflct, x Mr. luimmntt In an engineer of wWe experience, having boon con ning Liu;inccr for thu Hoguo Ilivur ration District at Mourorti: war- Vnlloy, Goorvo Lake and CLowau proJoctH In Oil Htitto and. a Urr IB I 1 II' 1 III UBflh. Ul U1LTI.LT1 U JIIAli -M A i! lit was assistant euslnoor on Heuh-Hotchy project in Callfor- nuuiBiuuiLi; nurrnir iiiiu uuiiihh or more plans for conLructioii ltd distribution or thu water under tt project. When these uro sub mitted tho board of director will do rids upon tho plan to pursuit. Thin till bo followed by detailed engln terloi; work and hII necoKmiry data tenpllcd In order that tho plann may to luboilttcd to the land owners, und improved. It la bopod by tho directors that ill detail work may bo complotcl daring tho nummcr no that actual fonitnictton can begin beforo winter. However, considering tho magnitude ( of the undertakiiiR It ithould not hi" larpriMnn that them) nro not roady J Woro the winter. In fact, It would certainly bo hotter to havo tho do Ulla well in hand and know they aro rlxht rather than make some of the tfeaslve mintakee of our uelghborlax KoJccU. Theo details are Tory Mfitlal and should havo most caro (al conAldoratlon. Tho bigaeiut of tie project require this eonntdera- Referring to flgurcn compiled by John T. Whistlor while bo waft at vtrk on thin project for tho govern sent, ono flndx that he nutlmatcB ipproxlinutely .165,000 cubic yards f dirt to move for tho upper dam in SUvIoh, and about 400,000 cubic yards fcr tho lower dam. That's emo J b and will raqulrn tlmo. What wf Hhould nak for in reason Mo economy hut stability in tho CAnttrurtlrMi of IIiohh rofinrvolrn und ItUroir,. . i,,n ti,n to work out Ike (Iet.,,lh. notter bo one nHon;"1 "ot "'nch coW-nt leant ho far loncer In Inipoundlnn tho wator than U 0 U. a. Dopartmynt of AKrlcul- to have to do noroo of tho work over Ualn at a groater foxponHO. o HKXJTLY 1LH NKW VKAOTOR LV FIKLD , This week C. H. Voegtly. the hard fare man, received a uew, 'Monarch !wtor and the mnchlne-was demon fated by a former "Task" army feaii. Mr O. C. Merger, for a day or lo In Mr. Voegtly'n flold adjoining km. It is now bolng operated by Kannocd Voegtly and Is doing excel - lt work in tlllUig the land. This tractor is one of tho standard built chir- and put out by a reliable tcnwrii Trn rs aro becoming factors in hrm work all over tho agricultural lortloiis of tho world, Wo may (ret the passing of tho borso but ltro is no urgumont In favor of the oW way of doing things other than MHImont. Things are moving to fat to attempt to keep up with tho 'ow methods of bygone days. Tho factor is going to bo depended up on more In the near future than at Wewont. They aro able to do tho crk economically and do so much we than horsee that It la simply P to tho farmer to use them, Her, I). fl. Huches returned Mon- from his trip to the Presbytery. waB made Moderator of the PrcM trtery which ts nuito a distinction 'or tho local nnntar. llov. W. R 8"Io1(1b, formor pastor of tho local Presbyterian church, was elected del- elto to tho gonoral assomhly, Which eet8 at PhlledolDhla. This Is n flt- ""8 recognition of a capablo map. ?r. Bhlolda will tako his wlfo wlta 4, on hla trip east, BUTTON I1UY8 1IOMR IN TOWN W. M. Button, for tho past eight years principal of tho public uchool ot thin city, has purchased tho Chun, Comogya residence property. Thin In an attractive place for n homo ami Air. Button Oxpuctn to nmko noma Im provements" ,(lu,riug tho prooont soti hoii. Ho w)ll moYo tho houso to an other purt ot tho grounds and fix up thu yard. Mr, Sutton tins heavy property In terests in Hprlngflold r.nd always mtikcs a trip to that town ouch va cation to look aftor lit h iifTittrH but thlH vacation ho unys lio'll liuvo ,u Hpoud nlont of tho tlino in uuilcltig hla homo horo raoro to hiu liking. ( o dihcovkkyof on "AID TO DKVHLOPMKN r. Tho finding or oil or gan in thin valley tMaanRmueh teward Its ilovel opraent; la m&to tkakvVht mere 1h dUHtryltW, , Cheap, fuel Jt what la neilel trlli.- abowt a weMlerful trannformaUoa la the dry portioai of the cohhtry that cunnot bo norVMl by tho preaent water nupply for irri gation purpeefl. In fact It In doubt ful If thara In auftclent. watr to corer th ealire valley froaa the river therefer pttsaplng will bo found Bocenaary to teclalm conaldcrnble of the outlyliMf lands. As abundance of water at a ahallow dflpth ban been found aud the only drawback to thin method of Irrigation ban boon the nupply of fuel at a roaionablo outlay. Klectrlo power ban bcon contomplat ikI and there Id a feasible project of thin character untjer counldorntinu. Thin plan la te bring the power from the Malhour river acroim by lMiio creek. It will reqttlro a trannmls aloti lino of eennlderabln dlfltanco but eveu no U is claimed to bo fuas- jbie, Howoever, oil and rrh productn right on tho ground would bo far cheaDrbota te tho uor and thu ox- i,0nH otiibtc, ! available. Kvoryoony ih nnxioun mr uw on well to provo a ttuccni rnKiirtlleHR of whether tbay have utock In Iho con cern or not. JVIGK WILLIAM FAHIU,'. The fore jMirt of this week Wra. Farro received hla commission from Oovernor Oleolt appointing him county Judge t Harney county, llo at ouce took the oath of offlco and anaumcd hie dalles. Judge Farro Ih Judge only when wldrewwnl In bin official capaelty, but otherwino ho In sists ho'B Jnut "JJIlJio" to his numor oun friends. O ;- - ITS "MILK OOW," NOT "MIIJU COW'1 Hereafter H will bo "milk cow turo Is concorml. This deciHion marks tho termina tion of a controrerny In which oty moloKtBta in tho department havo had not a llttlo inturott. Thoso do fending "wilch" havo pointed to scriptural ,u and certain ef the clBBslcH'as entabllHhing procedenU, whllo the oppwltion has contended that dalrymwi, ranchmon, nnd farm ers In general uso "milk" instead' or "milch" almost unlvorsnlly. The ad- vocato of "milk" aleo favored that 1 word because, thoy contended, Jit was 'WQre strlctjy-an Hngllsh word.whllo "milch" was akin to Gorman; Hlnco Americanization of language a woll K jjioalii Is un nrtlelo In every pnt- riot's ereod, it is thought that this ; ft8t Hally of Iho "milk" defenders rc-jijoipod 0H much as any to docldo tho question In their favor. AMKUIGA SHOULD TAKE TUB LKAD Theoretically tho war has made tho world fiafe for democracy. In reality It la not safo for anything or for anybody. Thoro Is not n country In tho world In which tranquility reigns. Hmoldoring unrest and discontent are evoryvrbere. Political volcanren uro on the f?)nt of eruption by tho wholesale. It will retiilre much wisdom and sagacity and many firm hands to 'bring order out of chaos und mako this earth rwilly habitable for man kind, America, tho rlohefit and the croatoiit, uhould tako tho lead In a dotormlned ntrugglo to regain intor- national safety nnd, sanity. No other country caSi do as much, OBSTRUCTION AT THE OIL WELL REMOVED Bit Lost Over Three Years Ago Recovered Making Possible New Work. N wuni in uecuieuiy ino iiohi news for many dnys from tho Dog Moun tain oil well caiuo Thursday after noon who n it wan announced that tho bit that had boon loot In tho bottom of tho hole over throo years ago hud been recovered and thu obstruction removed to further prosecution- of work In tho hhiiio woll. This ob struction has caused much grief and delay in projecting for oil at that point, When this tool was lost la tho woll three years ago last Octobor the pro-1 ProJoct tha litsr Vrt of last week, spocts were most favorable aud those"1,110 visitors observed the character most Interested have been dllllgent n their efforts to remove tho' ob- Htructlon. The well was down over 3700 feet and the formation Indicat ed that the cap rock had been reach ed. Various methods and experi ments wero resorted to with tho hope of removing the obstruction but fail ure after falluro met these efforts un til it wan feared It would bo nuct-H-nary to start another nolo In ordeo to ascertain what was there. Now, however, tho hole In open and drill ing will bo resumed at once. In fact work Is going forward at present, ns t Is found other foreign material has clogged tho holn more or lens and this Is being removed preparatory to getting ready to put down tho cas ing and shutting off tho water. When this Is comploted It is thu Intention to continue tho holo down with a six td" ot up aud down stream inch bit. I12C fcot h'Kli ""l ' 100 feet long It In said tho four Inch bit thnt' "I' To splllwuy is built to caused tho delay nnd which has Jubl wry about ttvn times tho amount of been removed, In bndly battered and bent. (. II. Voogtly will hnvo t brought to town and placed on ex hibition. Thousands of dollars hnvo boon nxponded In tho prosocutiou ot tho work at this well. It wnn flr.it started under tho management of J. C. Turney and many local people put their money Into the venture. They .mat mo spiuway in roinrorceo con havo beon discouraged tlmo and "oto ned throughout so that no again but thoro wore always Uicbo j possible chnnco Is given to wash who had faith In tho prospoct nnd urged further offort. Sovornl man hnvo spent much of their tlmo nud what money thoy could oarn for thu past fow years In prosecuting tho work and thov nro entitled to whim return for tholr fnlthfulnosH. Promlnlng oil prospects havo boon found In sevoral localities In thin val ley nnd lonsos havo boon taken from tlmo to tlmo and ono other woll started. This season two now con corns havo entered tho flold accord ing to Information received in Hums nnd new outfits will come In to pro spect. The Dog Mountain well was tho first to begin operatons and In still considered by many to be the best "hot". W. JO. Howoll and as sociates aro "drilifng "at Bwan Lake south and east of tho Dog Moutaln prospect. Kncouraglng prospects aro uIho found in that flold and tho work there will bo continued during tho noason. 6-- LOCAL AND. I'HUHONAI. Dr. Smith wnH called to Hnrnoy tho other night to nttond Jack With ers who had been kicked on tho client by a borso, Ho was considerably brutsocd but no bonos wore broken, Leon M. Drown of tho Harney County .National Dank loft Tuesday for Haker whore ho goos to attend a ceremonial of tho Masonic order and tako some additional degreoH. Later ho will continue his Journey to Portland. Mr. Drown oxpocts to bo absent about ton days.. Honry Dalton, assistant cashlor of tho Harney County National Dunk, arrived homo from Portland tho foro part of this week. Mr. and Mrs. Dal ton wont to the metropolis last week for special attention for an Injured eyo for tholr llttlo son, Eutol, An operation was performed but It Is feared tho sight of ono oyo hi des troyed, Mrs. Dalton and tho hoy re mained for a fow days longor that ho might be under tho caro of tho spec ialists a while longer, Tho llttlo follow accidentally ran a pulr of scissors into his oyo. IRRIGATION SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION SIMPLE Local Men Fihd Difficulties On Ochoco Project Not Evident in Harney. Construction nf tho necommry res ervoirs and distribution of tho water on tho Hnruoy Valloy irrigation pro ject will bo vory simple and lnexpon iilvo In comparison to tho Ochoco project, In tho opinion of uomo of thoao who vi.iltcd tho latter project at l'rlnovlllo last week. All tho directors and Socrotary Hobt. M. Duncan an well as Com mlsnloner 8am Mothershead. of tho Harney Valley Irrigation District, , ,niuto ttn iPct!on of tho Prlnevlllo or wur n construction at tho . .1 .. ..... .111-1 - I .tf-.-lt... "' " uuchub mu umirnm- Hon system. They found the ditches were built of expensive concrete lin ed ou, uldehlll and almost solid rock formations One 28 inch syphon of over half a mile was also necessary. The dam, which loed three'Sf tho roost valuable ranches In that terri tory, will Impound about 45,000 acre fuoU The construction of this dam has beon accomplished under great difficulties, ns It Is In a gorgo somn 160 font wldn at tho bottom and bo causu of, the character of river bod at the point it was necessary to ex cavate 40 foot bulow tho original bed of thu river to get a proper founda tion to start tho structuro. Tho structure Is dirt, clny silt and rock which was puddled. Tho dam ex- B" kndwn flood, which with tho on; let Into tho ditch will carry ton tttnai tho nmViunt of nny known Hood which was' done us a safeguard of nny accident that might arise from a sudden flood or cloud burst. This information was gleaned from an Interview with Bocretary Hobt. M, Duncan, who said further back to tho dam structure. "Tho dam was constructed by hydraulic process," said Mr. Duncan, "Tho hillsides In tho vicinity wore 'very rocky and therefore It was dim- cult to find tho proper proportion of clay nnd rock for binding elomoiit. This hydraulic process is expansive. Thu construction peopln secured elec tric power from thu Deschutes Itlvor and used two largo contrlfugiil Primps with which to wash down the sldohllls nnd slulco tho material to tho dam site whoro tho water wns drained off tho slit and rock put In place. Tho structure connlu.tri of about GO per cent broken rock atfd clay dirt which gives it right pro portions of woight, tho rock being on tho faces, above and below, tho clay center being Imporvlous to water, "Tho construction Is on tho cost plus plan," continued Mr. Duncan, "nud when completed tho .dam will cost approximately $360,000," tho cubic yard cost being something llko GO conts, Tho distributing systom and othor oxpoiibos will bo about the immo amount. Tho cost has been ap portioned to tho lands ranging from $7.00 per aero to tho bottom lands that had a prior perfect wator right, to $70.00 per aero on tho dry lands. Tho district delivers" tho water to tho hlgost point on tho bordor of bach tract of land to bo Irrigated and tho owner provides for Kb distribution over his land." According to Capt. Duucas the land that Is being reclaimed under this project is of a sandy rolling character and tho experiments finds Lthe average duty ot water under tho system Is 1,8 aero foot during the irrigating season, which allows about 8,25 acre feet to alfalfa and 1.25 aero feet for grain. From observations the people who made the trip nro undor tho impron slou the duty of water undor that project will bo much grontor than hero bocauso of tho character ot tho soil. Harnoy Valloy soil wlil not re quire tho amount used on tho lighter sandy soil over thoro. ,Slnco returning from rrlnovlllo (Continued on iage 4) ODD FKLIiOWH DANCK A HUCCKHH Harney Lodgo, No. 77, nnd Sylvia Jtobokiih Lodgo No, 43, I, O. O. F gave a very enjoyable danco ut Ton awama Monday night In celebration of the annlvnrsnry of tho Order. A largo numbor of guests woro pronont and nil sooniml to enjoy tho uvaulng. Dr. H, At. llorton, who bus boon n mombor In good standing of tho local Lodge for mora than 30 years, led tho grand march that availing, Quustn woro served with rofronh monts during tho ovcnlng. o MOItK WATIJlt THAN WAB EXPHCTKD Frank Matnoy roturncd tho first of this wook from a trip to his moun tain places where ho took ho mo of his stock to turn on tho spring ranga. Ho says ho was agreeably surprised at tho amount of Ice and s'now ho found on tho north hill sides of tho mountains and timbered section. He says it Is not a lot of sight snow but some decidedly solid ico that he found up thoro and ho is confident there will yet bo a big lot of water come down for Irrigation purposes later In the season, being no well packod In the mountains the Ico will melt slower, aud thus extend the flood period longer than usual. Messrs. V. Cawlfleld, James Ander son and W. T. Vanderveor, who wore here last Saturday to uttoud a meet ing ef the stockmon called to dis cuss ways and means for the coming Cattle A Horse Crawrm Association convention, statu they had Investigat ed conditions to the north of their stock ranches In the Van country and found them similar to that described by Mr. Matney. Up In the Logan Valley and Dear creek regions they report u big quantity of solid ico on tho north hill sides. Cotufdorabbi now snow hss fallen on tho Trout crook ranga and tho Purlngton mill which la-bringing down n quantity of water at present und will out ' ijo for a time. The pooplo of tho Lawo i V2':toi report moro witter in thut neighbor hood than for the previous throo yoars. Dalluy Hayes snys ho has a big lot of wator at his place and A. B. 8waln reports thu samo. . ' o FOM5HTIIY MKN 1IKHK TO MUET WITH HTOCKMKV W. W. Crydor, superintendent of I tho Forest in this territory, who himj headquarters at John Day, and K, N. Knvnmtugh, connected with tho for-J vleo with headquarters at Portland,' aro In tho city todny to meat with local stock men. Mr. Kavivimugli Is In elmrgo of thu grazing department of tho Horvlvo. Tho gontteomon ox-1 pert to bo hero for several days. O' IAWM, AND PKKHOXAI. Will llyram, tho Canyon Creek Shorthorn brecdod, wan horo during tho weak accompanied by his son. Thoy were over on uomo business. J. W. lllggn and Mrs. H. D. Hill loft. Thurndnyut noon for tho south orn,pirt of jho county to look after some business affairs In connection with Mrs. Hill's holdlugs and Mr. Dlgga will nlro tour his own ranches whllo down thoro, Mrs. Hill had boon a guest nt tho Ulggs farm near this city for n couplo of weoks be fore starting ou tho Journey. yr. nnd Mrs. Hnlborson arrived horo Thursdny from Arkansas and will visit for a short tmo. Mrs, Hnl borson In a cousin to Mrs. Dr. W. C. Drown, Goo. Simmons nnd Will Nowtou, Mr. Hnlborson has a bro ther at Summer Lnko and also re latives In tho Wlllametto Valloy and they expect to contlnuo on to noo thoso other relatives and look over the coast part of the country with a view of probably locating In tho west. , J. R, Loggnu und his son Frank are homo from Dolso whoro thoy wont to consult with specialists about Frank's eyes. Thoy decldod the boy had a toxic poisoning In his system, contracted" In some mannor, and that whou this was oloarod up his vision would bo bottor. Our roadora will rocall tho sudden man nor In "vvhtol 'Frank began to seo double Inst wuok aud had to quit his studies in tho high school. It ex pected that hla condition will bc comu normal In a roasonablo tlmo after taking tho trontmont glvon him and woaring corroctlvo glasses. A. 0TTINGER HERE FROM SAN FRANCISCO Proprietor Farmers Excha nge Looking After Business Interests in Burns. A. Ottlngor, owner of tho Fanncni Kxchnngo, is horo from his homo at San Francisco. Mr. Ottlngcr arriv ed Wodnpaday night nnd has olnco been kooplng to his room on- advloo of his doctor, as ho has not been wett and thu trip up was quite fatiguing. Mr. Ottlngcr has largo Interests lit California and although not as younr; as ho once was, Is ready to make fur ther Investments If ho finds condi tions to his liking. Since coming to Durnn he has Inqulrod Into tho Irri gation prospects as woll as crop con ditions for the pronont season and found an optimistic trend In overr rospect. He rccontly bought addition al property la Burns, acquiring thn Fry stone and bvlck structure ad joining the present storo room oc cupied by his grocery con corn, and It In hoped he will mako some an nouncement of adding to his acllvt tlon in thin vicinity beforo be returns homo. If ho follows tho advice of hts doctor, Mr. Ottlngor will remain In hln room for several days yet beforo venturing out on any sightseeing ex peditions. o . DAVIDSON IN A HUlUtY 'roil IRRIOATION W. P, Davidson, president of tho Oregon A Western Colonisation Co., In in toyn. He came in by wny ot Prlnevlllo in company with Frank Johnson and in spending tho day greeting frlonds and looking after business nffalrs. Mr. Davidson Bays wo rhnuld rush tho irrigation project ns rapidly as posslblo as every day It In delayed menus a loss. If tho dim was In and watr conserved ho points nut wo would bo raising bettor crops th( hcuHon beside It would bo un incen tive to a greater ondeavnr upon th.) part of his company and othn to got more pooplo in to till tho land. o rOUMKIt HIOII HCHOOL TKACUKK MAHUIKD Friends In thin city hnvo rffolvcit thn aiinoiiuctMnuut of the nu.rraRO of MUh Mary K, Godfrey to Mr. John llbbert Knibloton, on Friday. April 1). Tho brido Is a vory popular young ludy among tho former atari ent.i or tho Hnrnoy County High Pchool whoro sbo tnught a few yoaM ago. Rho has visited this section nIih'o at intervals aud has always met with n lioarty welcome. She is on accomplished young woman who U much admired by a wldo circle of ac quaintances In thu part of tho country, o-.. '.. . LOCAL AND PKKHONAL Horn To Mr. and Mrs. Frank Trlttka, April 22, a daughter. -Tbla information was recolvod this morn ing In a letter to a friend in this city. J. J. Dunn, ono of tho boys who aided In tho Into wur, arrlvod horo ' Thursdoy ovonlng from outdid points, Mr. Dunn has a homostoail near Crano and la leave from army duty to look aftor It. Ho rodo borso back from Condon to Durnn. The young man wns In tho tank sorvjeo with Don M. Tuylor und was dis appointed whon ho found Don had returned to Portland. Mr. Dunn Is stationed ut Washington, D. C. Mr. and Mrs. Walter Sullivan wero in town for a fow days during this wook. Mr. Sullivan is now a travel lnar ronresontatlvo or a tobacco firm and makes TOgular trips to this city. Mrs. Sullivan has beon In the em nlov of W. P. Fullor & Co. for the past fow yoars, formerly la tha Port land ettlcea of the concern but lutor trnrpferrel to Dolso where ho uh bnndh'ae 'headquarters. She hss re sinned her placo and Is taking a rest which nccountB for hor visiting thla city with hor husband. Mrs. Sulli van was an oraployo ot tho local tola phono sorvlco for a fovr yoars and has many warm friends In this Uyowha woro glad to havo hor visit tbomnlur--Ing uer stay In town.