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About The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929 | View Entire Issue (July 13, 1918)
Wo hewr eonsorvatlon and tqonO'
my llnkod together so much these
dsvra that some of us do not realise
UaU. these two terms are not syno-
Ai a matter of fact each
3bi a distinct meaning and
roltry a separate place in the
plait. Sometimes they work In
y and sometimes they do not.
let as conelder each one separ-
Rronomy briefly Ih saving money.
eliminating waste of any
nty, developing our resources
to the fullest extent and giving up
peje-oosentlals. In economizing each
tadivMual must decide whut thlngH
aurat not absolutely necessary to his
intli-beiiix. Of course the objects MO
raTiretl will be very different; one
anon will economize on his wurd
rafee, another on Ills houseUeeplug
nsennes and a fhlrd on his nmuse
ssits. And yet all these will work
tosjrihvr lu harmony for the national
Chm1 l.nbor will be released to car
ry on government enterprises and
i'T will be saved for Investment
in thrift stamps and Liberty bonds.
To economise then keep your eye up
on your pocket book and let your
personal tastes dictate the means of
cutting down your expenses.
In conservation, on the other hand,
Individual taste cannot play a part.
There are certain commodities abso
lutely necessary for our armies and
those of our allies. While the demand
for these articles la greater than
ever, the world's supply, for reasons
which wtll be sufficiently obvious to
auy one who considers the question,
Is much smaller than usual. If we,
who can substitute other articles for
those In question, neglect to do so,
and limit still further the already
Inadequate supply, the government
with plenty of money would never
theless be unable to procure them,
our brave soldiers would suffer need
less hardships, and the result might
!e the loss or the war. Government
experts with their flngew on the
pulse 0f the world's business an
nounce the commodities which we
must ileny ourselves as far as Is
humanly possible. Tho list varies of
course from time to time, but It con
sists in general of wheat, sugar,
fats, meat, fuel and wool. We must
keep our eyes on the list of such
articles as published In the papers.
We must sacrifice even economy If
we find the substitutes more expen
sive than the articles to be saved,
and we must at any cost of personal
comfort or money conserve what the
government asks us to conserve for
our soldiers who are giving up every
thing for us.
I MKAN BVMMKHM
Have real purchasers for both an
Improved and unimproved farm, but
unless you are the owner and have
a good buy, do not waste time answ
ering, as I mean business. State
prices, terms, and particulars In your
first letter. H. C. Irwin, 315-atock
Exchange Building. Portland, Oregou.
The Income tax this year yielded
nearly three billion dollars. Uncle
Sam Is certainly some magician. He
knows perfectly well how to trans
form a full pockethook Into an emp
Reward: Rstrayed from my
ranch, one pair rather light Bay
Mares one weighing around 1300, the
other HBO; branded with Lzy K on
right stifle; should have colts by
them now; foretops have been roach
ed and grown out about three or four
Inches. Will pay 126.00 to finder of
team. J. W, CARTWRIOHT.
Malheur City, Ore.
You may soon be asked to contri
bute to the Salvation Army drive.
Give what you can. The Salvation
Army "stands by" with hot coffee
and doughnuts for the doughboys
in the front line trenches.
How She Banished Backache
Mrs. Kffle K. Kleppe, Averlll, Minn,
writes: "I was at a sanitarium three
week at one time, two weeks another
time, for rheumatism and kidney
trouble and got no relief. On my re
turn began using Foley Kidney Pills;
found Immediate relief; holf bott4e
completed the cure. Always use when
I feel pain in my back." Sold by
HOLY KAm.Y CHURCH
Cor Miller and C. 8ts.
Sunday Hlea Mass at 10:30 o'clock
Week days Mass at 7 o'clock.
Instructions for children Satur
day at A. M.
Rot. Father Fraads. O. P. M.
"What la io rare as a day In
June?" But do you not think aome
of the July days are a trifle over-doue?
Hangers of Constipation
Neglected constipation may causo
Piles, ulceration of the bowels, ap
pendicitis, nervous prostration, para
lysis. Don't delay treatment. Best
remedy la Foley Cathartic TableUi.
lo their work surely, easily, gently,
without Injury to stomuch or Intes
tinal lining. Contain no habit-forming
drugs. Fine for fat folks. Sold
by Reed Bros.
Rev. J. Stewart Maddox, 1'antor
A cordial invitation is extent!
you to attend our service . j
hours of the service on the Habsuj
are aa follews:
Sabbath School at 10 A
Preaching it 11 A. M.
Young Peoples" meeting at f
Sons service at 7:30 P. M.
Prewchlnr. : P- hi.
Prayer meet! eg Wednesday at f :M
Bad Kidneys Laid Him
A slight kidney Impairment auj
lead to dropsy or Bright s slum.
Don't neglect It. Frank Mill;
Bingham. Utah, writes: "1 was trot
bled with my kind leys so bud I coiUm.,,,
not work. Tried muriy kinds of maSi.!,.)
Clue which did me no good Theij
tried Foley Kidney r'llls; now fM
ing a good as I ev r did before,".
Sold by Heed Bros.
Are the Packers Profiteers?
Plain Facts About The Meat Business
The Federal Trade Commission in its recent report on war
profits, stated that the five large meat packers have been
profiteering and that they have a monopoly of the market.
These conclusions, if fair and just, are matters of serious
concern not only to those engaged in the meat packing
business but to every other citizen of our country.
The figures-given on profits are misleading and the state
ment that the. packers have a monopoly is unsupported by
the facts. N i
The packers mentioned in the report stand ready to prove
their profits reasonable and necessary.
The meat business is one of the largest American indus
tries. Any citizen who would familiarize himself with its
details must be prepared for large totals.
The report state? that the aggregate profits of four large
packers were $140,000,000 for the three war years. -
This sum is compared with $19,000,000 as the average
annual profit for the three years before the war, making it
appear that the war profit was $121,000,000 greater'than
the pre-war profit.
This compares a three-year profit with a one-year profit
a manifestly unfair method of comparison. It is not only
misleading, but the Federal Trade Commission apparently
has made a mistake in the figures themselves.
The aggregate three-year profit of $140,000,000 was earn
ed 'on sales of over four and a half billion dollars. It means
about three cents on each dollar of sales or a mere frac
tion of a cent per pound of product.
Packers' profits are a negligible factor in prices of liv
stock and meats. No other large business is conducted
upon such small margins of profit.
Furthermore and this is very important only a small
portion of this profit has been paid in dividends. The
balance has been put back into the businesses. It had to
be, as you realize when you consider the problems the
packers have had to solve and solve quickly during
these war years. ,
To conduct this business in. war times, with higher costs
and the necessity of paying two or three times the former
prices for live stock, has required the use of two or, three
times the ordinary amount of working capital. The addi
tional profit makes only a fair return on this, and as has
been stated, the larger portion of the profits earned has
been used to finance huge stocks of goods and to provide
additions and improvements made necessary $y the enor
mous demands of our army and navy and the Allies.
If you are a business man you will appreciate the signifi
cance of these facts. If you are unacquainted with busi
ness, talk this matter over with some business acquain
tance with your banker, say and ask him to compare
profits of the packing industry with those of any other
large industry at the present time.
No evidence is offered by the Federal Trade Commission
in support of the statement that the large packers have a
monopoly. The Commission's own report shows the large
number and importance of other packers.
The packers mentioned in the statement stand ready to
prove to any fair minded person that they are in keen
competition with each other, and that they have no power
to manipulate prices.
If this were not true they would not dare to make this
Furthermore, government figures show that the five large
packers mentioned in the report account for only about
one-rthird of the meat business of the country.
They wish it were possible to interest you in the details of
their business. Of how, for instance, they can sell dressed
beef for less than the cost of the live animal, owing to
utilization of by-products, and of the wonderful story of
theNnethods of distribution throughout this broad land, as
well as in other countries.
The five packers mentioned feel justified in co-operating
with each other to the extent of together presenting this
They have been able to do a big job for your government
in its time of need ; they have met all war time demands
promptly and completely and they are willing to trust their
case to the fairmindedness of the American people with
the facts before them.
Armour and Company
Cudahy Packing Co.
Morris & Comyany
Swift & Company
Wilson & Company