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About The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1918)
WASHING UN IN i
Was Typical Country Gentleman
on His Superb Estate of
DIRECTED WORK OF SLAVES
Fathr of HI Country Actively Super
Intended All Farm Labor Open
Handed Hospitality a Feature
of the Dally Life.
GK O Tl 01 10 WA SIT WQTON'S
Rome llfp nt Mount Vernon
vnn ilhldeil into three peri peri
ods: (1) From 1752, when n
h youth of twenty ho Inherited thi
fnnilly estnte, to 1770, whon he left to
tako command of the RerolutloQAry
nriny: (') from Christinas eve, 1783,
When ho returned homo after peace
hnd been mnde, until 1781), when he
bocnme president ; (.1) from 1707, when
lie retired from the presidency, to 1709,
when he died. Purine the wnr and
during his presidency he visited the
place occasionally, but only for a few
days at a time.
Some delightful glimpses Into thin
hnppy home life are given by Paul
Wllsrach In "Mount Vernon." published
by Doubleday, I'uge & Co.
WHEN Ooorge Washington became
master of the Virginia mansion
It was not nearly so large as It Is to
day, for he built the banquet hall on
the north, the library on the south, the
third story, the verandas, colonnades,
piazza and tower, the great "barn and
many of the other outbuildings, be- I
sides laying out and planting, the gur-
It was not until after his marriage ;
to "the charming widow," Martha Dan-
drldge Custls, In 1759, that the family
life really began.
With Mrs. Washington came the two
children of her former marriage, Mar- ,
tha and John Parker Cuatls.
"These four were the nucleus of a
busy and extensive life on the estate.
The gradual accumulation of shoemak
ers, tailors, smiths, carpenters, wheel
wrights, masona, charcoal burners,
fanners, millers, hostlers, house and
i r ny, whs priiciicaiiy uiiIumkti.
DtatMCW were great, travelers esmio
llh their own coach ami hniUM and
lervnnts, ntiil an arrhal meant aihll
loiuil places at the matter! table and
n the servants' hall, additional bed,
mil stabling and feed for from slv to
iwelve horses. It was part of the llct
I'lo, cordial social system, and tho
lospltallly and provision was on u
urge scale. Kveryone was welceme:
irothers and sisters, nephews and
nieces, nnd cousins to remote degi s;
I'rlonds passing north and south, cross
ing from Maryland to lower Virginia,
or only on their way to the plantation
next beyond. Not least welcome wera
strangers, with und often without let
"Itnlny days, or the early winter
evenings, were devoted to cards. Wash
ington's ai count books Indicate that
playing enrds were quickly used up.
The profit and loss columns record his
winnings ami losses, which at times
mounted to nine pounds at a Bitting.
It was n liberal Me, Not only was
I :-.-..W ,1- k
-X M$6 mviv JmC Alt.
In 1814, Whan tha British Fleet Sailed
Up the Potomac, They Saluted
Mount Vernon Instead of Destroy
gambling on a moderate scale consid
ered a fashionable diversion, but the
family at Mount Vernon patronized
the lotteries on various occasions."
HOLOtBIM CAN BLAMH ONLY
tiii;mhk.i,vi:s ir wrmoi t
Roldelrs and Bailor's relatives are
ndvNeil by tho Portland Chapter o(
the American lied Cross that It Is
tho fault of none hut the soldier him
self If, stationed a I Vancouver bar
racks or other point In the North
west, he has not obtained a Hod
Cross sweater and at leaHt one pair
Kvery post Is now supplied with
knitted goods, but many soldiers have
not obtained them. They have
written complaints to their relatives,
who by the score have poured these
oinpliilnts In to Lewis A. McArlhur,
no :il. ii n d field director of the Red
cm i, to the Portland Rid Croai
ami to the newspapers
Any soldier can obtain these knit
ted goods by using his tongue. Com
manding officers will at once Issue
i'i ini n ion on stores for them
These plain statementl were made
by Mr. McArlhur who has arranged
i for .i well-known business man near
every post to work In connection'
with him and keep In touch with
"We huve received wonderful co-'
operation from all commanding of
ficers, while I am afraid the only
person to blame has been the soldier,
who makes tho complaints," said Mr.
McArthur. The only units yet un-
supplbd are theme situated nt far
dliant logging camps, and Hi' V will
receive ihtlr sweaters, etc., as tteob
null Is traced out and as cnmnninl
cation become, possible. Many units
are so far In the woods they but In
rreiiuenlly receive mall. - Cortland
It was the Irony of fato that while
Chamberlain, Hitchcock, Wadsworth
end other Senators were telling the
Senate how poorly prepared our
soldiers were, the boys "over there''
were sailing Into tho Hermans In
true American fashion and winning
warm praises from the allies.
ia f ft M
The moment you put
it on you say "Hello"
to comfort ami "Good
bye" to cramped toes,
crowded" feet and the oilier
foot troubles that mar your
comfort and your peace of
mind. Mere it is take a
good look at it:
Kverv dlnlnyal word sinks a screw
In an American soldier's coffin. Are
vol' driving screws?
The Tnscanla carried down with
It more than lis own weight In Amer
The American flag Is ai half mast
for the bravo boys who went down
with the Tusranla. Hut American
linger Is nt white heat and American
courage ;ii one hundred per rent ef
flcency, and when tho day of reckon
ing comes the full price will bo ex-
VVOIIHT WINTMt IN I W
snow, wiiiii aim extn i
ed more i olds this w, ) ni i i,an
..- t.'..i..... ii .
yearn. rviv s nuni'i UTOf
Its worth In thousands i, h0f
Mrs. Kdward Htrevy, It ,7. ni,
O., says: "1 think Foley's Hi,i,r.y,
Tar Is the only medliine 1 , , , ()ll
aild COlds reronimeiiil.il ,,,,(,!
Fin for children. Hold (
If the. c is any consolation In dj
thought of an IcpIi-hh uihimiit,
should have that consolation now.
AND NOW THEY ARE COOKING
TOBACCO TO MAKE IT BETTER
HERB are some
dlory of John
"After Breakfast He Rode Out
Overlook the Laborers."
outside servants, and overseers, all
with their families, constituted an
army of severnl hundred. Everything
nnd everybody that had no relation to
the 'big house,' as the master's dwell
ing on a Virginia estate bus always
been called, fell under the direct Ju
risdiction of Colonel Washington. . . .
The house servants and all thoae con
nected with the domestic side of life
In the big house were the responsi
bility of Mrs. Washington?
r - - - !
n Vi n, ii.i - -
i Virginia home, the kitchen was
In a detached house next to the big
house, and processions of pickaninnies
carried the heaped dishes across the
lawn into the family dining room. Thy
modern or even the now old-fashioned
cookstove wee unknown. The altar of 1 f possible without appearing at sup-
mis lempiH wan a greui nrepiace wim pjr.
extracts from the
Hunter, a London
merchant, who spent a day and a night
nt Mount Vernon In 1785:
"The general came In again, with his
hair neatly powdered, a clean shirt
on. a new plain drab coat, white waist
coat and white silk stockings. At
three dinner was on the table, nnd we
were shown by the general Into an
other room, where everything wns set
off with a peculiar tnste, and at the
same time very neat and plain. The
general sent the bottle about pretty
freely after dinner, and gnve success
to the navigation of the Potomac for
his toasts, which he has very much
at heart. . . ."
"We had a very elegant supper
about that time. The general with a
taw giusses of champagne got quite
merry-, und being with his intimate
friends, laughed and talked 11 good
deal. Before strangers b l! 1 nerally
very reserved, anil seldom says a word
. . . At twelve I li.i I the honor of
being lighted up to my bedroom by the
general himself. . . .
"When the general takes his coach
'out he always drives six horses; to
Ids chariot he only puts four. . . .1
I I fancy' he Is worth 100,000 pounds !
' sterling and Uvea at the rate of 8,000
I or 4,000 a year." . . .
IN the flnnl period the life ut Mount
Vernon wns livelier than ever the
good, old-fashioned life of a Virginia
country gentleman ; open house k nil: '
many fueets, both American and for- I
elgn". but both George and Murtha '
Washington restricted certain time for
"Aunt dinner he spent an Interval
talkfnZ with them, 'with a glass of Ma-
delra by his side,' and theu withdrew
to his library again, where he made a
hasty survey of the newspupt'
which he received a great mony
retired for the night at nine o'clock.
For a good many years The American
Tobacco Company have been conducting a
series of experiments having as their
object the improvement of smoking
And it is interesting to know that one
of the greatest of their discoveries was one
of the simplest, and that was, that cooking
or toasting tobacco improved it in every
way, just aa cooking most foods improves
They took a real Burley tobacco, grown
in that country; toasted it as you would
lOMl bread; moistened it to replace the
natural moisture driven off by toasting;
made it into cigarettes, . called them
"LUCKY STRIKE, the toasted cigarette."
and oiteied them to the public
The result has been the greatest demand
ever created for any tobacco product in a
similar length of time.
The change produced by toasting' is not
only most wholeMiine, but the flavor is
greatly unproved, just as cooking improves
meat, for example.
i r t m
India! Ajm W "
Calf I JC S J Mrlal
Very Few People
$6.50 to $7.50
Sturdy and serviceable and
substantial isn't it? And
every bit as good as it looks.
Made on the famous M union
last specified by the l!. S.
Army worn by all our sol
diers and thousands of men in
Our registered trade mark
on every pair for your pro
tection. Buckingham & Hecht
M.ul. tu.rr. Sn I ,.,,,. r
Voil .111 get the Kit, Uu-i lii
Aiiny Slioe in your town. If
your dealef cloe not cany It,
mile 111 duett
many, and ,
an opening which would accommodate
half a dozen grown persons. Here
andirons held wood cut to cord size,
und often oak logs which strained a
brace of black bucks to lift into place.
'..... .... ..r 1-.... ....l.. 1. .1 11 1. '
v..u..c w ....... r,.Ki,i ... an essw i up t twll frequency for xlslts that
duck dinner at Mine Host
"When the gentlemen of the Alex
andria assemblies sent their polite In
vitation to the general and his wife for
their winter dances he replied that his
dancing days were over. Hut he drove
smith shop over the hill, swung steam
Ing kettles above the glowing coals.
Quarters of beef, young suckling pigs.
and rows of fowl, game and domestic.
were roasted on spits. Corn pone and
sweet potatoes nestled in the ashes."
They refurnished the house almost
throughout, ordering the goods from
London, where tho Virginia colonial
dames did most of their shopping,
though It was then more distant than
Is Japan today.
tt'PIIKY both were early risers,
1 though breakfast was not early
for all the household. Washington In
winter often made ids own lire In his
library, and there, over Ids correspond
ence and accounts, did an Immense
amount of work In a few hours. Mrs.
Washington rose when he did nnd di
rected the beginning of the day's do
mestic duties Into case and ordered
channels. After breukfnst he rode
out on one of his horses to overlook
the laborers on the various farms Into
which he divided Mount Vernon estate,
and returned, according to Custll,
'punctual us the huud of a clock, at a
quarter to three . . . und retired
to his room to dress, us was his cus
tom.' Mrs. Washington chose the tlrst
hour for religious devotion 111 her own
100m, an uufulllng custom her life
long. Dinner was a mlil-afternooii
meal after' the ontbMrO tradition.
Washington rarely ate any supper,
though it '.'.'in always spread for ids
household "ml guests. When at Mount
Voinon It VII Ml habit to retire at
iJndsby's City hotel, 11 review of Cup
tain Flercy's Independent Blues, und
the casting of his text vote. The poll
ing place was up a Might of outside
steps, so rickety that when the huge
Both Were Early Risers.
form of the general uppnmihed their
foot, the bystanders, appieheiidlnu' dan
ger to him, with silent and spontane
ous accord braced the n'tilrway with
their shoulders as he mounted, und
waited there until he descended."
IN 1814, when the UrltNh hVet sailed
up the rotomuc, tney saluted Mount
Vernon Insteud of distroyliig It. The
Disc was bought In IK.Ml by the Mount
Vernon Ladles' Association ol the
Union. At that time the only obJfS
In the house that had been associated
with Its Immortal owner's life wen- the
key of the llaslllle, the cluy bust which
lloiidon modeled, a piaster bust of La
fayette, the old globe In the library
imd some camp equipment.
inn-lug the Chi! war Mount Vernon
was by spontaneous consent of both
niles the only neutril ground in the
Hi ultK the Ro'.olntion Mount 1 country. Soldiers lei'i their um ....1.
Vernon bore Its share of the side the vales and "men to hliu
open-lianiled hospitality which dlstln- men In gray fruternlzod before, the
gulshed Virginia colonial life. The tomb of the father of their divided
iirief call of vUltois, hj home base country,"
In Keeping With the Big
Thought of the Day
The (?a;ly press reflects a sentiment throughout the
nation which clearly indicates a new condition.
Men are wanted everywhere. The work of this war
is being carried on largely by those who never before have
been in public office or in put lie work. Men who have been
too busy, or too engrossed with their own tasks, are leaving
their work to others and giving their time and ability to the
cause which is ours, yours, everybody's.
It is a time when politics of the ordinary sense must
not be considered. It calls for all the ability that can be
Oregon, to he a successful part in this unit plan for
the defense of D'mociacy, must likewise place the thought
of the times before everything.
In another part of this ptper appears the announce
ment of L. J, Simpson, us a candidate for the nomination
for Governor on the Republican ticket. Mr. Simpson was
urged to bt come a candidate by his many friends in every
part of the state, beCAUM of his business raoord, his under
standing and knowledge of Oregon's recources, industries
and needs; because of his public-spiritedness, which of re
cent years has led h'm to tasks which have been more im
portant than his own afTuirg.
L. J. Simpson is clearly the man who can give
Oregon the administration necessary to this plan of
National Ffficienc .
His campaign will be directed straight to you H
voters, as individual! who do your own thinking.
We are firmly convinced that you will not allow pol
ities to influence your decision, and that you will vote for
the man who is best lit to help the people of Oregon, develop
the state's vast resources, and to prepare fur, and participate
in, the great reconstruction that is to follow.
We believe you will weigh issues mure closely than
ever before, and that L J. Simpson will be yuur choice.
What You Can Do
J.',i Talk over his e:tnditlacv
with VOIir friends.
iSmcnd If you believe that I..
.1. Simpson is worthy of your
support write a letter to this
Suggest how his etnas may be
advanced. We, in (urn, will
tell you how you can help.
Pal I A'lv.'rtiaeincnl
"Simptm for (Jovernor" League,
I'ltto.k nioek, Portland
1 1 ' Mm '
.... 1 1 Am ,
LBHP L .'
Read an ordinary advertisement entirely through.
If I were able to write a fifty word ad. that would
catch and hold the attention of ninety per cent of
the readers who glanced at it. I would not be trying
to make a living in the garage business.
If you have gotten this far you may as well finish
Your car may only need some slight adjustment
or it may need a thorough overhauling. At any.
rate, you-cun save time and money by havir it
done NOW, while you, as well as ourselves, are
not very busy; also we ran afford to do it much
cheaper thah later when we are rushed with spring
BEE IS FOR GUARANTEED PBIGK8
This also applies to broken farm machinery, and
other castings. We ar, glad to give you any in
formation you desire along those lines.
John McGuIre, Prop.
Agent Hnpmoblle Motor Car
"Everything for Everybody"
Buy It From Us It Pays!
This is a general store and we are supposed to
sell everything, and we live up to the general
supposition. You can buy anything you want
here from hardware to groceries, from needles
to a good smoke.
BURNS DEPARTMENT STORE
Lanaburs, Dalton Sk Company
CRANE STATE BANK
It is our aim and effort to
give such service to our
patrons that they profit by
our dealings and recom
mend us to their friends.
We Pay Inlereat Time Irrposlta
Swift J. It. Weaver
H. Craven s. N. Bolton
Uyv hUAjfUMv, alojo avu
tol caMmIoM, IoUxm,
vwmAAM vt cofcvuraA.
OVi itoTVcl voxJv A tfvo
XUMAMi CvYVcL -OeAVVOC.
t)evwtA - Covceacto:
Also It In safe to gamble that the
price of garbage ran will net he
boosted on account of the un; 1
An approved legal form treapaal
notice on cloth for sale at 1 ii
-Tfc. -.-- ,-SE
a - "v aw
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il"r 1 ik itmi Kevsda
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ill III I' IlKillll III
it e Hrrrfti hiii oon
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II 111 I'm 111, kli'nl
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111 nililiK l.i'loilKIni' !
tO III)' lil III liiiiii
iiiiiiiinii.il u, ii. skews, Hi.' MsteatlMd '
""" Us urns Muditios MM.oufoi all I
lilmiileil limn- ,, 1 11 l,ih 111 mi 1,.
elKllt ciilllltli'i Raug!
v iniii eiiiiiuit'i, llurM'i
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Nuns ml grown beesM ml'l nU
W W. SROWN rift Oregon.
360 ABTICLtS 360 ILLUSTRATION.
1 Sc a copy
At Your NowedoaUr
Yari tubacrlptlon $1.50
SenJ for our nw fr cat'
iilog of mecAunicuV bookt
Popular Mechanics Magaslna
North MIIHM Avoiiim, Ctilcaau
WriJMlln n,.,ii 'III