Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 19, 1918)
WHMMH i itAll.uoAl) WORK
taking fiAcm of mm
Moro lluxn five hundred women
sire iMiijiloyeil by the Onion Pacific
SyaUuu'H western unit, the Oregon
Washlngton Railroad & Navigation
Over four hundred men formerly
In the company service have Joined
she color, and in many Instances
women are doing the work of the
non who have heard the call.
In addition to clerks and stcno
xranht'rx. women are filling many
oilier posit Inns. They are acting ax
lastoner agnntH, Rtation agentu and
gent'n helpers, car checkers, car
.accountant, ctiwhlerH and some of the
xirlH nre acting as messengers and
"'office boys ". In the car shops
women clean the eoaclies Inside and
out, renovating cushions, and when
repairs are made do the sandpaper
inn for the painters. They are core
makers in the foundry, and they are
brass polishers In tho finishing
In many depart menls women are
being employed where formerly the
work was done exclusively by men.
Son 1 1- of the new employes have had
xperlenco while others are new In
railroad work, but are proving effi
cient. It is out of the ordinary to have
girls at work In the offices of the
yardmasters, yet at Huntington, Ore
gon, there Is a girl car-checker, two
rjfirls are car accountants at Seattle,
Washington, and they are making
good. The night ticket clerk at
Pendleton, Oregon la a young woman,
evtTiii women are station agents,
while telegraph operators are num
erous. Woman and girls have proven
their abllllv to do many tasks. Uall
road work Is diversified, and offers
-i field for the women who urc de-
TIIK I'HKS OI-' AIIYHKMITV
V..I lllllli lu (fin.- Iliull Hi il 111
, . . ,,, enl to transportation and labor, and
tinned and sustained prosperity will i
enervate and undermine tho phyiil
Today .thanks lo the electric mot- win I In r lie he Von lllndenhnrg him
or transmission lines, and high vol
tage, the factory may looate convcnl
onli mental and moral slamlua of
any people. The human animal Is
all too prone to over-Indulge In the
good things of life. Put a man on
his mettle to wrest existence from a
reluctant world, and In the effort
every fiber of his being la necessarily
developed to the uttermost, and he
emerges an invincible specimen of
So with nations, (liven all that
heart can wish, and left to revel un
hindered In the Indulgence of thul
plenty, the national fibre must In-
Any crisis that Jars men out of
their ease cannot fall to work good
to that people. With no disposition
to minimize the evils of the present
conflict, yet we ure hound to realize
that the world Is waking up to a view
of life that it had well nigh lost.
Life Is a struggle, and when strug
gling ceuses decay Mil In.
When tho smoke of tho present
conflict has cleared away and the
world takes stock of results, we will
be found to have learned many val
uable lessons. One great loss Is
inevitable- that of heroic live that
must of necessity be sacrificed. This
is deplorable. Yet these lives will
have been given in the most glor
ious of causes- the renewing and
vitalizing of the life of the nations.
From the dawn of history to tho
present day, syharlteu and sensualists
have professed to deride and scoff at
the sclptural virtues of renunciation
and self sacrifice. Yet the decree
remains as unalterable today as when
enunciated by the Man of (iallilce.
that "whosoever loseth his life shall
We of America have not yet touch
ed the edge of real cnumiutlon. We
have the water power brought to it.
Kvery twenty-four hours there
goes to waste unused water power
equivalent to the coal energy of 1,
000,000 tons, or 35,000,000 tons
each year. At a low average of pre
sent prices this waste represents
Switzerland gets her coal from
Germany. This year the supply Is
only two-thirds of requlrments, yet
Switzerland will pay Germany over
$4,000,000 for coal. At the present
moment there are undeveloped water
powers In Switzerland amounting to
1,100,000 horsepower which, with
self, or t tie amiiiciii mi " win ".
comes wabbling over to photograph
tlie llrlllsh batteries.
"Archie" Is not really feand. Ills
main purpose is to rattle you when
you are new at tho game and keep
,ou nun getting the pictures you are
(lying over Hie German lines to get,
u.,i. irlt." can rise In one of his
ui. ,,attiepianes and engage you.
This does not mean that few
machines are hit by shrapnel from
antiaircraft guns; almost every
machine that docs any extended ob
servation work has bullets taken out
of It every week. Tho bullets, unless
they happen to hit the airman him
self, do almost no damage, however.
Tho causualltles to airmen resulting
the r2fi, 000 horsepower already liar- ' from this cause directly are very
nosed, would make Switzerland al- slight, also.
most Independent of the outside In part, the reason for the ef
coal supply i fectlveness oi the shrapnel fire iayn
Our own unused water powers re- ' In Hie nature of the firing Itself; a
main undeveloped because the ro-jlOO by KO-ft. plane, flying at Hie
strictlons our Government demands i rate of from 110 to 145 miles an
do not appeal to the private enter-1 hour at an unknown helghth which
prise, which naturally Is reluctant to j may be anywhere from 10,000 feet
invest vast sums under a franchise upward makes a very small and
which may be terminated at any
time. With the financial burdens
with which our Government will
emerge from this war, II will doubt
less be years before Congress would
feel Justified In appropriating the
money necessary to make this de
velopment. It would seem wise,
unsatisfactory target. The duck
hunter can realize this, since It is no
small trick to pepper a duck, flying
40 miles an hour and only 50 yards
away. The wind deflection and the
allowance for speed Is very great
In this homely Instance; how much
more so when the distance Increases
! therefore, rather than wait an In- to two miles and the speed to two
definite number of years, that a fran- ! miles a minute!
chlse of say fifty years should bo I The rest of the reason for the fall
granted, with the privilege of tak- ure of tho "Archie" lies In the clever
lug over the properties at tho ned of '. ness of tho airmen themselves,
thut time on some basis of valuation, Various examples of this clever
fair to Government and owners. On ness originally displayed by some
such a basis development would be- Individual airman by gradually be
gin at once. coming standard usage - and of Hie
In the meantime the 1.100.000 success M well as dangers of the,
tons' value of coal Is rushing to the tricks of the air are told and lllus-
,en.let upon themselves and It ;,f ,la,,. K,V1.H ollly of a HUp,.rw,Mlll,,ulll.(..
fords openings for others to replai
the men who have heard the call.
Host periods are allowed the wo
lieu twiie dally, and their comfort
is looked alter bj the management
It is Interesting to note thai the
ladies devote their rest time to knit
ling fur the soldiers and sailors. They
sire patriotic and willing to do their
bit for their country in any way pos
ible. They encourage enlist menls
by announcing their willingness to
work, rather than go on record as
dependents, and their splendid patri
nil in is an inspiration to men to
beed the call to arms.
Women are taking places of Impor
tance In the field of railroad work.
Their activities of grein value will
continue to grow in
It Is when the giving assumes the
nature of sacrifice thai tho rial gOOd
to the people win he ren II sod Shall
we. then, prft) that It come not lo
Wo, repeal the sacrifice ol life li
deplorable, ami ire would it oould be
There Is hut one greater calamity
that COUld befall US, that is that we
should tall to measure up to the
' opportunity now knocking ut our
sea every I weiity-four hours, an ab
solute waste, without Hie slightest
benefit to any one. Ily II II Wind
sor, in the February Popular Mec
TIHMMINHS" OF LIKE
ASKS hi li M. OF 64MKACRE LAW
Human activities have from time
Immemorial i roughly dirid !
into (wo claaeeii commonly desig
nated bj the plain ' oken ut the
"essentials" and the "trimmings "
Tho division Is an arbitrary one,
and like most arbitrary definitions
Is frequently unfair. It Implies that
the one i vitally necessary while the
other Is superfluous. This is far
from being Hie truth
Many centuries ago a great Toach-
trated in this article. By K T
llronsilson, In the February Popular
Mei haiiics Magazine.
HOLY FAMILY CHI IK I!
Cor Miller and ('. Sts.
Siindav High Mass at 10:00 o'clock
Week days Mass at 7 o'clock.
Instructions for children Satur
days at 9 A M.
Ili'v, Father Francis, O. F. M.
they enter on additional tasks.
KAK.M LABOR is AMPLE
RIGHTLY t TILIZFH
By utilizing every liii of (he avall--ijle
farm labor supply In Oregon il
Will be enough to plant, care for and
harvest big war crops called tor by
the Government, says j. w. Brewer.
(arm labor agent for Oregon.
Cooperation and sacrifice b) farm
ers, laborers and business men are
necessary. To Hie usual labor force,.
must be added retired farmers, capa
ble farm women, high school boys.
ierks ami office assistants tempor
arily relieved by substitution of wo
men uud older men, and men about
own. BXJ liange of belli in local
communities and .shifting of reserve
forces to points of emergency will
iilso be necessary. Il Is ulso ex
peetod that business men will stand
ready to throw off their coats and
belp the farmer out in theh pinches.
Mr. Brewer represents the I'. S.
office of Markets, bnl will correlate
his work with that of the state coun
cil of Defense, the stale Labor Com
missioner, the Agricultural College
Service, the Portland Free Bmplo)
meit Bureau, and the local county
agricultural councils or other local
bodies. Only by tho closest unity of I
itll of tbOM tones will the plans suc
ceed. This Is assured, Mr. Brewer
thinks, and farmers are encouraged
to go ahead with their plans for max-
A special dispatch lo the Boise er declared that "Man shall not live
.Statesman from Salt Lake savs: The i,v bread alone " This truth has
importance as resolutions committee of the Amerl- lost nothing of Its force with (he
can National Livestock Association 'passage of time. There are many
submlKed a report on the (140-acrc vital Interests in life besides that of
homestead act to Hie afternoon ses
sion, strong condemnation was giv
en the ad for Its disastrous effects
Ion the slock Industry and urgent
i -. iiiiiniind.il inn, were made for Its
a mere subsistence These Interests
are they which mark the dividing
line between man and the brute crea
Hon. They are the demands of Ills
nature that grow out of his higher
repeal. The act Is claimed to be '. Intelligence, ami they are Just as es-
partlcularly disastrous to sheepmen m-ntall to the completion of the
and stockmen of Idaho and Wyom character as are the demands of sub-lug-
Isiatenoe tO the development of the
Other recommendations were: purely physical
That (here lie no Increase In grazing If we are lo reap the Hill reward of
fees; for the issuance of i 0-year per- our service we must not set aside
mlts; no reduction In penults and not the social demands or life. It Is
more than In per cent reduction in untrue to say we have no time for
one 10-year period; that all permits such. Time devoted to the cultivation
with established preference April 1. or the social lire In reason is nev-
1010, be transferable without re r Wasted. L Is really a period de-
slrlctlons; that no permit be Issued voted to the storing of energy and
with a ;40-acre homestead as a basis; resources thai Hhall aid us In the.
that the right to graze cattle In the more material tasks. An Intimate
national forests be attached to laud knowledge of the characteristics of
on or adjacent to the forest ruther our fellows Is a valuable knowledge.
than to livestock; for tho fencing of Brushing up against the ulms and
allotments; that no permits be grant- aspirations or our neighbors and
id to beginners on allotments thut friends gives Impetus to our own
have been used in tile past exclusive- aspirations and sends us forth to the
ly for breeding; Hint no permits be contest with renewed lone and vlg
i iued on account Of leasing ol mil- or
verslly lands; (hat If a ten year per-' And in fad mod or il tounatlon
mil be granted, no homesteader who of hiv can !' successful!) pursued
has not eomplted with theh present without losing sight or those higher
tula Ho hi be granted permll for Interests thai mar:-, the man or the
more Stock than his homestead will woman of an upward vision. I he
support for a period of rive years; i ibanlc can as easily be a gentle
thai no distinction be made between man as a lout. ICven the crossing
range improvements on private lands sweepi r need not be a boor. Cook
and government lands. iug and dish-washing need not bar
Sheepmen .Meet the iiilml and heart Horn things'
Recommendations r o r lower above and beyond the human task, it '
Height rates from winter to summer Is as easy for the farmer to incdl
ranges. 00 operation of sheepmen 111 lute on Hie great philosophies of
Id-v Lyman Brough. Pastor.
A cordial invitation is extended
to you to attend our services . The
hours of the service on the Sahbath
ure as follews:
Preaching at 1 1 A. M.
.Sabbath School at 10 A. M.
Young Peoples' meeting at 6
Song service at 7:30 P. M.
Preaching at 8:00 P. M.
Prayer meeting Wednesday at 7
Hoys' and girls' clubs In north !
il and western Stales pledged for
ar service In gardening, canning,
ullry raising, and other emergen
enterprises have more than X00,
A fire proof solution for treating
airplane fabrics Is a thing which may
be realised In the near future ex
periments In a private plant having
already developed a com.iaratlTely
Hiwl The Grip Threr Weeks.
With January comes Lagrlppe,
Lingering colds seem to settle in the
system causing one to ache all over
feel fevelsh and chilly, tired, hear
and drooping. Mrs. Lizzie Tyloa
Henderson Ky., writes: "My dauglu
ter had lagrlppe for three weeks. I
gare her Foley's Honey and Tsr and
now she is alright." Sold by Heed
WHAT REEK CATTLE WOltKFHS Hie matter of uniform wages and op- earth as upon Die virtues or fallings
Field agents in beer CSttlS exlen- '
siou work, according to the annual
report of the Bureau of Animal In
dustry, United States Department of
Agriculture, in the last fiscal year HAH.VFSS OUR WATER POWER.
SM suecilic advice to r, 'ton farm- .
rs; addressed 600 meetings with at- In tha eurly days of Ibis country
tcnrlalice of fS,7S(l people; were in- tho grist mill wus built where there
iruujontal in placing with farmers was water power, and in time oilier
I.'J'Jl breeding cattle, besides 060 iudusiiies ulso located there for the
hogs, a number or brooding man laflM reason. Muny of our largest
iind i,c:l' feeder rattle. Direct at manufacturing citiiH have grown up
en in building 180 around thou grist mills. Bui man)
nd 28 additional livestock of tbS best water powers were no in
organizations were formed, Demon- aocoaiblo, and the surrounding conn
-drations given included OS in baby try ho until for agricull ure, that no
seof, 160 In steer feeding, in egl Kills and towns have ever taken ad
He pasturing, and over 1,000 In hog I vantage of Hie cheapest mill power
position tO the government fixing the of a politic tl candidate In abort,
price or wool, WON the Natures ol achlovement may have lor its end Hie
thi' president's address at the open higher things or lire as well as the
Ing ol the Utah woolgrowers' annual baser.
convention bora Tuesday, Keep tho flroa burning brightly on
0 Hie social altera, it i tor tho high
er development of bumanlt) that we
are now struggling, and ll would
I surely be a perversion of our efforts
did we lOBO slghl or the golden grain i
Willie contenting ourselves Willi the
in, its oi life,
DODGING " 1HCHIE" AND rfAaV
ING "inn ;,.
"Archie": The name given by the
i-: cardriiie Lafayette and the Etoyal
Plying Corps i" autlalrorafl sbrap
not, "Fritz ' The oame of every
(ieiinan soldier according to the
OVER THE TOP!
Uncle Sam hh- we must, put our boya "Over
The Top," To do tins we who HtHY nt home mu8i
do our part, which is CONSEIlVATION.
.lust now we eve especially Hiked tn conserve
fuel. The only way to conserve fuel is to Hurn Lean,
Thie is a difficult matter with the old fuel-eatiDg
StOVtS to bo seen in ho many lioiiics.
You don't have to make any spsc'sl effort to savo
fuel if you are usinp; one of our famous Charter Oak Stoves
and Ranges. They juut naturally I've and thrive on less
than others, and gives you every ounce of heat energy there
is in your fuel.
You need a Charter Oak Stove and Range!
Come in and see our attractive prices.
I. S. GEER & CO.
J. J. Donrgun, Pre.
Achie McGowtn, Vice-Pre.
G. N. Jameson, Secy.
J. E. I.oggan, Tress.
HARNEY COUNTY ABSTRACT COMPANY
Mr. Land Owner How is the title
to your land: Do you know? In
quire of us and find out
N. BROWN & SONS
Brown 's Satisfactory Store
Walk Over Shoes
Bon Ton Corselsl
We can) goods BSlserUsod " Hie "Home I'i mlm I-. Tune"
The Brunswick Phonograpi
Come in and see them and hoar
their beautiful violin like tone
They play any Disc Record tnadl
The price is within the n ach of all
On display and being demonstrated at tin
House Painting Paper Hangii
and Decorating .
1 stimates 'furnished on application. SanipU i M
GIVE HIM A CHANCE
rank and file of Hie silled armies I '