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About The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 14, 1914)
CITY OF BURNS
COUNTY OF HARNEY
The Biggest City In The Biggest
The Biggest County In The
County In The State Of Oregon I
Of Oregon, Best In The West
BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON, NOVEMBER 14, 1914
SEASON'S RESULTS AT
fnfavorable Weather Conditions Make
Average Yield Very Low. Frost
Caught Much Grain in Boot and
Poor Showing in Threshing Result.
Dates of Seeding Cause of Damage
BY L. R. BREITHAI'PT.
Nov. 6, 1914 All winter grains
came up ana maae excellent
tends in the fall of 1913. The
unusually mild winter following,
'resulted in full stands of all.
the winter grain, even barley;
and emmer, in the spring of 1914.
An unusual amount of moisture
ihad been taken up by the soil !
during the winter because of the
soil having been little frozen.
All conditions seemed to give
early promise of good yields from .
rthe winter cereals. However,
the extremely early spring caused
early heading of these grains
which, as all experienced grow
f era of winter wheat on the valley
! floors of this county know, in
creases the risk of loss by the
frosting of heads both in and
'out of the boot in the month of
Upon the occasion of the severe
freezing weather on the 4th and
6th of June, very considerable
damage was done to all the win
i ter grains and particularly to the
! winter barleys which were more
advanced than the wheats and
1 the emmer. The damage clone
at this time was increased ubouf
two weeks later by another, tho
.lighter frost Altogether, there
was a loss from this source vary
ing from 35 to 80 percent among
the varieties of winter wheat
and upward of 90 per cent of the
barleys and emmer. This, of
course, since the damage done
varied with the location of the
Dlots. makes it difficult to com-
pute comparative yields and real-
ly makes the results much less
accurate than had the year been
The followingesults are given
and should be taken for what
they are worth, bearing in mind
the conditions under which they
were obtained. Yields are given
in the order of the highest com
puted yields. By computed
yields, is meant a comparative
yield of all the varieties grown,
as obtained by use of "check
FRIEND OF THE PRODUCER
Burns Meat Market
BACON, HAMS and LARD
Fresh Meats, Poultry
Home Products for Home Consumers
SPCIAL INDUCEMENTS OFFERED
TO SHEEP MEN AND BIG ORDERS
For Good Cigars go to
The Rexall Drug Store
We have the following brands:
Gato, Optimo, La Gamita, Triumph,
Chancellor, American, El- SI del o,
Don Antenlo, Muriel, and also a
full line of popular ft cent Cigars.
We can also supply your wants In
PIPES, CIGARETTES, CHEWING AND
REED RROS. Props.
MRS. ETTA CUMMINS, Prop.
Best Surgical Room and Equipment
In the State Outside of Portland.
Nice Room, Good Care and Com
fort for Patients-Reasonable Terms
Graduated Nurse in Charge
plots" for determining the varia
tion from the average in soil etc
under which each variety grew.
Yields given in bushels per acre.
16.00 13 94
I Turkey. 2998
Utah Winter 4.20
Utah Winter .83
Tennessee Winter .83
Sown March 16.
Black Winter 2.66
Black Winter 2.75
"Sown March 16.
Experiments were made with
the harrowing of winter wheat
in the spring which resulted in a
gain of about .75 bushel per acre
for the harrowed land. This is
small, yet, considering that the
frost hit these plots very hard,
it is a gain of about 35 per cent
in yield which, if it applied to a
real yield would mean considera
ble. Experiments were made with
winter wheat IOWD early in the
spring, these resulted in an ave
raga yield of two bushels per
acre less than the same varieties
gave when planted in the fall.
These tests were also made on
several demonstration tracts and,
with the exception of the test at
Harriman, all showed in favor of
the fall seeding. However, the
test at Harriman showed very
much in favor of the spring seed
ing. The Harriman test was the
earliest seeded of all and it may
yet be possible that spring seed
ing of winter wheat will be. found
practicable "for seasdhs that per
mit seeding by the first of March.
Late spring'seeding of 'any winter
groin is sure to fail.
LATEST DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE NOTES
(I'rom Our Portland Corrciponcknt)
One of the industries of Ore
gon which has an opportunity to
make a special growth at this
time, owing to war conditions in
Europe, is the flax industry. Dr.
B. A. Pierce, chairman of the
Oreiron flax committee, has re
cently written to the promotion
department of the Portland Com
mercial Club inviting its partici
pation in this movement He
calls attention to the fact that
the known flax producing area of
the world is comparatively small;
that under present conditions it
is unlikely that any considerable
amount of flax will be raised in
Belgium, Ireland of Russia and
that it will devolve upon the
United States to furnish the
greater part of the fiber needed
within the next few years. It is
well known that the Willamette
Valley and other parts of Oregon
can produce flax fiber equal to
the very best European product
and he believes that this is Ore
gon's opportunity to attract the
attention of the world by her
flax production. In the vicinity
of Salem it has been demonstrat
ed that one acre of flax will pro
duce from 500 to 600 pounds of
clean fiber which at present
prices should make this crop as
profitable as anything the far
mers can raise.
Within the last few days steps
have been taken to build an elec
tric line between Astoria and
Seaside. It is believed that the
necessary right of way can be
secured practically without cost
and that work on the line will be
commenced within a short time.
The First National Bank of
Canby opened for doors for the
first time last week. The bank
is financed by officers of the
Canby State Bank and other re
sidents of Clackamas County.
Eugene is going to build a new
Armory and bonds for that pur
pose to the amount of $25,000,
running ten years, were sold last
week at par with accrued inter
est. J. B. Eulon, a cattle buyer
from Texas has been visiting var
ious portions of the Willamette
Valley recently buying cattle for
shipment to Texas. Shipments
of butter to Chicago and cattle to
Texas would indicate that Ore
gon's position as a dairy country
is becoming well established.
The milk condensery at New
burg has resumed operations
after having been temporarily
closed on account of fire. It is
taking all the milk from about
1000 cows, sending its wagons
into the country for a distance of
ten miles. It disburses an aver
age of $6000 per month to the
farmers and dairymen.
1. On Sundays and Holy days
of obligation Holy Mass with
sermon at 10 a. m.
2. On week days Holy Mass
at 0:30 a. m.
All other services, besides
those mentioned above will be
announced in church.
All invited and welcome to the
Sick-calls promptly answered
at anytime. Religious informa
tion and instructions willingly
imparted at the Franciscan
D.tpunilency Duo to Indigestion.
It is not at all surprising that
persons who have indigestion be
come discouraged and despon
dent. Here are a few words of
hope and cheer for them by Mrs.
Blanche Bowers, Indiana, Pa.
"For years my digestion was so
poor that I could only eat the
lightest foods. I tried every
thing that I heard of to get relief,
but not until about a year ago
when I saw Chamberlain's Tablets
advertised and got a bottle of
them, did I find the right treat
ment. I soon began to improve,
and since taking a few bottles of
them my digestion is fine. " For
sale by all dealers.
OF NOV. 3 ELECTION
Official Count Made Last Monday Did
Not Affect General Results Unless
Possibly Death Penalty, Which is
Very Close in
County Clerk Hughet, assisted
by Justices Patterson and Hoffe-
ditz officially canvassed the elec
tion returns last Monday and the
total vote on the several candi
dates and measures follew:
REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS.
Geo. L. Cleaver, prohi 430
Sam Evans, dem 557
N. J. Sinnott 940
U. S. Senator -
R. A. Booth, rep
Geo. E. Chamberlain, dem.
William Hanley, prog
B. F. Ramp, soc
H. S. Stine, prohi
F. M. Gill, prog
Will E. Purdy, non-par
C. J. Smith, dem
W. J. Smith, soc
W. S. U'Ren. ind
James Withycombe, rep
For State Treasurer
Thos. B. Kay, rep-prop
B. Lee Paget, dem-prohi
B. J. Sloop, soc
Justice of the Supreme Court -Henry
J. Bean, ren-prog . 808
Henry L. Benson, rep-prog 864
C. J. Bright, prohi 301
T. H. Crawford, dem 681
Wm. Galloway, dem 010
Lawrence T. Ilarris,rep-prog 682
Addison G. Hotchkiss, soc 216
Thomas A. McBride, rep-prog 738
Chas. H. Otten, soc 194
Wm. M. Ramsey, dem-prohi 392
David Robinson, soc . . . 201
W. T. Slater, dem
M. Brown, rep .
J. E. Hosmer, soc .
John A. Jeffrey, dem
Wm. P. Lord, prog
Supt. of Public Instruction
A. H. Burton, prog-prohi
J. A. Churchill, rep-dem
Flora I. Foreman, soc .
John H. Lewis, rep-dem
Commissioner ef Labor Statistics
and Inspectoi of Factories and
0. P. Hoff, rep-dem 1387
Stanfield MacDonuld, prog . 194
August Nikula, soc ,. 261
Commissioner of the Railroad
Commission of Oregon -Frank
J. Miller, rep-dem-prog 1545
1. O. Peurala, soc 279
Surcrentendcnt of Water
sion Number Two
Geo. T. Cochrane, rep-dem-prog
Frank Davey, rep
W. F. I Ionian, dem
J. Edwin Johnson, soc
W. S. Haley, soc 257
John R. Jenkins, dem ... 865
H. C. Levens, rep m
C. T. Cary, dem 642
C. D. Howard, soc 266
W. H. Robins, rep . . 1197
Chas. Backus, soc 156
W. A. Goodman, rep ... 1878
A. K. Richardson, dem . 734
E. L. Beede, soc 188
J. O. Cawlfleld, dem 653
R. T. Hughet, rep 1346
Frances Clark, dem 884
R. A. Miller, rep 1056
W. H. Reichert, soc 191
Chas. E. Beery, dem 731
Van B. Embree, soc 232
Frank P. Gowan, rep .... 1 109
G, W. Clevenger, rep-dem 1524
Dr. T. L. Harrison, soc 454
County by 13
Extending State Credit -yes, 560;
Modifying Taxation Rule Yes,
610; no, 661.
Further Modifying Rule yes,
441 ; no, 752.
j Southern Oregon Normal yes,
448; no. 934.
i City Consolidation yes, 637; no,
, Weston Normal School -yes, 510;
! Raising Ray Legislature yes, 459
Universal Eight Hour Law -yes,
466; no, 1158.
Woman Eight Hour Law yea
1030; no, 671.
Non-Partisan Judiciary- yes.473;
$1500 Tax Exemption-yea, 618
Waterfront Amendment- y es,
542; no, 607.
Municipal Wharves- yes, 330; no,
Prohibition yes, 1111; no, 693.
Abolishing Death Penalty yes,
797; no 734.
Graduate Tax yes, 550; no, 696.
Consolidating Corporations and
Insurance Departments -yes,
477; no 667.
Dentistry Bill yes, 665; no, 723.
County Officers Terms yes, 601;
Tax Code Commission-yes, 319;
Abolishing Desert Land Board -
yes, 282; no, 984.
Proportional Representation yea
886; no, 817.
Abolishing State Senate-yes,
516; no, 739.
Department Industrial and Public
works yes, 499; no, 723.
Primary Delegate Bill yes, 250;
Equal Assessment yes, 470; no,
Rabbit Bounty yes, 1156;
Davis County for, 403; against,
In Support of Disc Plow.
BY U R. BREITHAUPT
Kindly do not remember this
discussion as an attack upon the
time honored moldboard plow for,
in its proper sphere, there is no
better plow than a properly con
structed moldboard. However,
out of its sphere, it is to blame
for much woe to man and beast
and in support of the implement
that is cupable of alleviating most
of this woe, I wish to write.
The disc plow somes in lor
more than its proper share of
ridicule for the reason that its
proper use is not understood by
enough farmers. And too many
farmers do not use it properly
after they have become convinced
that there is a place for it.
When it conies to plowing land
that is interspersed with sticky
"slick spots" or is naturally so
sticky that a moldboard plow will
not scour, it is sad to see men
und horses working so hard to
only "root" the ground up in
about the same fashion that was
accomplished in primitive times
with a crooked stick and a yoke
of oxen. A disc plow will plow
such land without trouble,
And, when it cornea to plowing
dry ground of any kind it is sad
to see this shallow "rooting"
being done with the moldboard
plow, when the disc plow would
do a good deep job of real plowing,
with about the same energy
Of course, the disc plow is
harder to adjust than the mold
board, but it can be adjusted and
made to plow under these adverse
conditions. Rather than expect
to use leas horse power than ia
used whan plowing shallowly
with a moldboard, more horses,
ing, should be put on and
wing done. And the
should be left on
as much a part
type; they do tlie
Most of the plowing in Harney
Valley hould, of necessity, be
done in the fall when the ground
is dry. There is too little time
in the spring to do much plowing
before seeding time and it is
mighty poor practice to plow in
the spring where the land is to
be seeded the same season, any
way. If the plowing is left un
til spring on this type of land.
either the plowing is not done at
all and the crop stubbled in in
order to get it seeded in time, or
the plowing is done at the time
that seeding should be going on
thus working a double hardship
on the crop in that it is seeded on
fresh plowing and seeded too late.
And it is nearly as advisable - ra
ther indispensable that land
that is to be fallowed the follow
ing summer be fall plowed be
cause it will usually be postponed
until after seeding in the spring
and late spring plowing is decid
edly poorer on the average than
either fall or early spring plow
ing, under dry farming condi
tions. The disc plow will plow
the dryest ground and do a good
job of it when used intelligently.
The Horse Market U
Becoming Quite Active
Farm Jeurnal: We have so
many inquiries for the rule used
in estimating approximately the
weight of cattle, that we print
the follewing: If an animal girths
five feet it will weigh somewhere
from 700 to 750 pounds. Every
added inch in girth adds twenty
five pounds until you get up to six
feet, then add fifty pounds ftr
An increased activity in the
horse market on the Pacific coat
is indicated by the purchase of
Klamath county horses by Paul
Brunze), a buyer of Oakland, who
spends several months each year
in that section, says the North
west. Thursday Mr. Brunzej
will ship two cars of horses and
contemplates more shipments
The horse market is getting
better every day and I anticipate
ready sales for some time yet,"
said Mr. Brunzel. "I have a bisr
barn in Oakland and another in
San Francisco and lately I have
made several sales to big depart
ment Stores. This intiw pnndi-
of the other
no4tion is true in Portland, where
Meier & Frank, one of the largest
stores, is buying horses for deliv
ery purposes as fast as their
auto trucks wear out.
Piggish Pigs Profitable.
Greediness is a distinct asset
in pigs, and the heavy eaters are
more profitable than the light
eaters. "It is a pig's chief busi
ness to make a hog of himself, "
says the swine specialist at the
Oregon Agricultural College. "If
he eats only enough to live, he
makes no profit for the owner.
Only on what he eats above his
needs as a living animal is fat
put on his body and money put
into his owner's pocket. The ex
tent to which the' pig will eat
and make good use of his feed is
indicated by constitution. A
short snout indicates a good ap
petite, and mild eyes show the
good natured inactivity that be
speaks a good use of the feed.
The short broad face that usually
goes with a short blocky body is
usually associated with easy fat
tening qualities. "
Possible Changes For
The Game Codes
When the next legislature
meets it will likely bo asked to
amend the game code in several
particulars. With relation to
hunting ducks and geese the code
now conflicts with the federal
law, the latter providing that
the season shall be open from
October 1 to January 16, and the
state law providing it shall be
open from September 15 to Feb
Another conflict exists in that
the federal law provides that
migratory birds shall only be
killed between sunrise and sun
set, while the state law allows
them to be killed an hour before
stlnrise and an hour after sunset.
By Nov. 20, a good
Chas. Wilson. Burns,
f- a e-t rvinp
W 1 I IC LS13COEi BE
COMES QUITE SERIOUS
State Veterinarian Lytle Prepares State
ment of Conditions for Information
of Governor West. Quarantine in
Oregon is Contemplated. Closing
Chicago Yards Blow to Market
A late Salem dispatch says:
State Veterinarian Lytle called
upon vjovemor west to quaran
tine Oregon against shipments of
cattle from all states infected
with the foot and mouth dis
ease. Governor West directed
Lytle to prepare a statement of
the situation as it exists in order
that he might act upon it.
Vptarinarion T.vflA atl,l flinf 1 A
states have so far been infected
with the foot and mouth disease,
Montana and Iowa being the only
ones west of the Mississippi river.
Governor West says he will not
decide what he will do until after
he has read Lytle's statement.
"The cattle market is bound to
be upset at least temporarily by
the closing down of the Chicago
stock yards," said Prof, E. L
Potter, beef specialist in charge
of the O. A. C. Animal Husban
dry department 'The effect of
turning away $4,000,000 worth of
beef cattle during every week
that the plants are shut down will
be far reaching. Much of the
western stuff that has been find
ing its way to the Chicago yards
will be delivered to other pack
ing centers, notably Kansas City
and Omaha, where the unusually
heavy supply must glut the mar
ket The inevitable effect ot a
continued quarantine will great
ly disturb the normal channels of
trade in cattle and meat produc
ing a surplus in some quarters
and a scarcity in others.
"Of course some of the live
stock can be held, but much of it
will be forced by lack of feed
and other causes to find a market
somewhere. The extent to
which this will force down prices
cannot be known, since the Chi
cago yards have been in continu
ous operation for almost 50 years
and we have no closing precedent
to base estimates on. Closing
for a f ew-days should not be seri
ous since about one half of the
$4,000,000 receipts are accepted
Breakfast 5:30 to 9
W. R. McCuistion, Prop.
Supper 5 to 8
The Burns Flour Milling Co.
Manufacturers of home products
HIGH GRADE FLOUR
"CREMO" THE FAMOUS BREAKFAST FOOD
The Cream of the Wheat, Fresh and Palatable
Bran and Other Rolled Mill Feeds
You Patronize Home when you deal here
la The Place to Trade
First: Promptness, accuracy and faufdaaling.''
Secend: We carry a well assorted stock of Drug; Chemi
cals and Druggist Sundries.
1 hirer. We guarantee every
represented or your money refunded.
If you are a customer of ours you know this. If not, be
come one and be convinced.
J. C. Welcome, Jr.
on Mondays. But if the preva
lence of the mouth disease forces
closing over a period of several
weeks the effects must be seri
ous. "In case cattle prices drop ma
terially there will probably be a
cheaper meat supply in the un
quarantined production districts,
while meat prices will rise in
markets normally supplied by
the Chicago packers. Thus we
are apt to see prices fall for pro
ducers and at the same time rise
for a large body of consumers.
Receipts for last week at the
Portland Union Stock Yards have
been cattle, 550; calves, 11; hogs,
3295; sheep, 4608.
Receipts have been so light
this week that there has been no
test in prices. Most ef the offer
ings are best characterized by
the term "near beef." while
there has not been any quality
stuff offered no doubt well fin
ished steers would bring 6.75 to
Hog run has been about 50 per
cent less than it should have
been. Prices were well main
tained during the week, bulk of
offering going around 7c. The
market is finishing strong at 7.10
to 7.16 for best quality porkers.
A light week in the sheep sec
tion, all lines maintaining good
strong prices. Lambs of good
quality are bringing 6.25. Ewes
are selling well at 4.50 for tops,
wethers remaining at the 5.50
Bear in mind that Chamberlains
Tablets not only move the bowels
but improve the appetite and
strengthen the digestion. For
sale by all dealers.
Restaurant pays cash for
Dinner 11:30 to 2
Short orders at all hours
article we sell to be just