The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, August 29, 1914, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    1 55flU rff ? '". TBI iriPttr I n
The Biggest County In The State
Of Oregon, Best In The West
The Biggest City In The Biggest
County In The State Of Oregon
NO. 42
J erf' q2t" ? g'MK
lost Important Consideration on Dry
Soil is Maximum Amount of Water
For Use of Next Crop. Irrigation
Farmer Wants Soil in Proper Phys
ical Condition for Intended Crop
Aug. 25,
Just as soon as a crop is har
vested, whether on dry land or
Irrigated land, the next consid
eration is how to handle the land
for the following crop.
With the dry farmer, the most
Imrjortant consideration is the
latter of handling the soil so as
rr th. mnvimum amount 01
rater into it for the use of the
next crop. With the irrigation
iarmer, the moisture prooiem is
lot so important, but his inter
est takes the form of getting the
toil into proper physical condi
tion to promote tne growtn 01
the plants he intends to grow.
In either case, fall plowing
food deep fall plowing- is pro-
ibly the most beneficial opera-
ion that can be done. On the
Iry lands, fall plowing should be
hjreceeded by double discing.
rhe discing is best done immedi
ately after the crop is cut even
while the grain is in the shock
as at that time a considerable
amount of moisture can usually
be saved, the discing makes a
mulch which holds what moisture
the croD did not use instead of it
being drawn out of the soil thru
the stubble and by natural evapo-
ration from the soil. This prac-,
tice of discing stubble is of bene-
fit on irrigated lands also to the
extent of it mixing the stubble
with the soil, thus aiding in the
decay of the straw when plowed
Fall plowing, left in the rough
condition over winter, is the ideal
condition for the dry land from
u i,i. .; f inrnxitiinir thr
moisture content. The loose and closing up the unde.irable air
rough condition naturally facili- spaces between the plowed and
tates the passage of water from unplowed oil, nature does this
the surface downward, whether during the winter, free of charge.
the soil is frozen or unfrozen. It
is a matter of common observa-1 M n. llastie has bread for sale
tion that fall plowed land does L y Schwartz store or is pre
not freeze as much as other land, d to (eiiver jt to anv home
although the fall plowing wilj ,oaf
usually be much better supplied "
with moisture in the spring than always on hand. Pies and cakes
other land, and, since moisture to order. Phone No. 411 HOtf.
Burns Meat Market
Packing Plant
Fresh Meats, Poultry
Home Products for Home Consumers
It Is prepared to meet the demand of Dainty
Women for a preparation that will overcome all
odors of perspiration. It la the last touch In a
finished toilette.
The Burns
Best Surgical Room and Equipment
In the State Outside of Portland.
Nice Rooms, Good Care and Com
fort for Patients-Reasonable Terms
Graduated Nurse in Charge
in the soil is the measure, to
large degree, of the dry farmers
crop, any method that will get it
there is to be commended; Where
it is impossible to plow all the
land in the fall, discing is next
best. Where there is a general
slope to the land, plowing or
discing shouM be done across the
si0!3 so as t0
aid in catching
lunoii water.
Under irrigation, it is not wise
to handle the soil in a way that
will leave the soil very loose or
porous at seeding time. An ideal
seed bed is rather firm with a
good connection established be-1
tween th"e soil that is plowed and
that beneath, only the surface
two inches being loose. Spring
plowing tends to have the soil
too loose for seeding and there is
often a layer of straw and clods
with great air spaces left between
the plowed soil and that beneath
This condition is bad because the
surface soil dries out easily and
leaves the young plants stranded
in a dry layer that is separated
from the moist soil below, result
ing in serious injury if not the
death of the plants before they
have had time to get root system
established. Of course this con-
dition can be corrected by the use
of the Campbell Packer or the
disc harrow, but it means a good
deal of extra expense and not as
good a job either as nature will
do when fall plowing is practiced.
When good fall plowing is done,
especially when proceeded by the
dies, the stubble la mixed with
the m and will decay very much
better during tne winter man u
left on the irround. And as to
Dainty Body
Rexall Nice
Queer Game Laws Are
Cause of Infringements
The climatic conditions of the
United States are too vast to ar
bitrarily place the country into
hut two divisions for game pur
poses, as has been done by the
Riological Survey. However,
there are numerous "exceptions"
which in a way avoid some of the
I injustice forced on certain sec
tions, but in the main little re
lief is afforded. There are also
inconsistencies in the open and
closed seasons of anjoining States
For instance the open season on
sagehens in Nevada is from July
16 to October 2, while in Oregon
it is from August 1 to September
1, and in California from Sep
tember 1 to December 1. For
waterfowl the open season begins
in Nevada September 15, in Ore
gon October 1 and in California
October 14. If the sportsmen of
Modoc County, Oil., await the
opening of the season for sage
hens (As they usually do) the
chances of getting a bird fit to
eat are mighty slim while to wait
until October 15 to kill a duck
will make the season very short.
Usually the ducks leave this
valley early in the Fall, and the
seasons as now fixed leave little
time for the sportsman to enjoy
the shooting.
It is doubtful if the law will be
observed by many on account of
its injustice. No doubt many
young ducks have already been
killed. It is well known that
many sagehens were killed dur
ing the month of July, and unleas
an army of game wardens is em
ployed to patrol the waters of
Lake County ducks are likely to
be treated likewise. By making
the laws too stringent the oppo
site effect to the desired is al
most certain to result. Lakeview
One-Year Courses at O. A. C.
College courses of one year
each may now be had at the
Oregon Agricultural College in
agriculture, homemaking and
dairying. While shortened and
simplified to meet only the prac
tical needs of scientific industry
in these three lines, these courses
are as comprehensive as they
can be made and are entirely
complete. Furthermore, they
allow considerable choice in elect
ing special courses for major
work. The scientific features
are the ones most curtailed, and
a corresponding increase in the
training is featured, students
spending from one-third to one
half of their time in actual work.
The courses are ideal for giving
young men and women from the
grammar schools an insight into
scientific methods of the various
industries, and for training them
to make practical application of
the science in their life work,
which must be early begun.
They are in no way a substitute
for the regular degree work, nor
are they preparatory to taking
the degree work. But for girls
and boys and men and women,
who can afford but a yerr for
special preparation they offer the
best pocsible oppoptunity.
Catholic Church.
1. On SundayB and Holy days
of obligation Holy Mass with
sermon at 10 a. m.
2. On week days Holy Mass
at 6:30 a. in.
All other services, besides
those mentioned above will be
announced in church.
All invited and welcome to the
divine services.
Sick-calls promptly answered
at anytime. Religious informa
tion and instructions willingly
imparted at the Franciscan
Good Rea.on for Hi Enthuaiaam
When a man has suffered for
several days with colic, diarrhoea
or other form of bowel complaint
and is then cored sound and well
by one or two doses of Chamber
lain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrh
oea Remedy, as is often the case,
it is but natural that he should be
enthusiastic in his praise of the
remedy, and especially is this the
case of a severe attack when life
is threatened. Try it when in
need of such a remedy. It never
fails. For sale by all dealers.
Considered an Exacting Profession De
manding Fitness Which Every Man
Does Not Possess. Other Charac
teristics Necessary are Health and
Mechanical and Business Ability
The purchase of a farm usually
results either from the conviction
that a farm is a good investment
or from the desire to be a farm
er. With the first of these we
are not at this time concerned.
Suffice to say that farms and
farm mortgages are recognized
by a majority of the people as
good investments.
Let us examine the second rea
son a little more fully the de
sire to be a farmer. Just what
does it take to mako a former?
The possession of bread fields,
fat animals and fine buildings?
No it takes , a good deal more
than these to make a farmer.
While it has not always been
considered so, farming is an ex
acting profession demanding fitness-fitness
which every man
does not possess. To say that
there are a lot of men farming
who have not displayed any spe
cial genius does not change the
facts. As William Lighton lias
put it, "There are ditch diggers
and senators who might swap
places to the advantage of every
one concerned.
What are some of the require
ments of a successful farmer?
First of all he should be a man
who loves the open, a man who
takes joy in being in close touch
with the earth. That is the
main thing, then given this love
for the soil, the more train tag
and experience he has had
the better. Other characteris
tics desirable are health and
strength, mechanical and busi
ness ability. He must certainly
have some training in the funda
mentals of his profession.
Having agreed on the qualili-1
cations desireable in a farmer, ,
let us now turn our attention to '
some of the advantages and dis
advantages of farming. A well
qualified farmer has a good op
portunity of sccureing with a j
fair degree of certainty a com
fortable home and a moderate
surplus, which is as much or
more than the other professions"
offer. Among the many advan
tages of farming the following
stand out as being especially
characteristic of that profession.
1 The amount of capital re
quired for a start is not us great
as in many of the other lines of
business, yet farming offers op
portunities for the judicial use of
large amounts of money.
2. The safety of the invest
ment is a factor which should
receive consideration. The mon
ey invested in a farm and its,
equipment is a good deal more j
safe than if invested in some.
mercantile line.
3. The profits of farming are
less subject to the effects of busi
ness depression than those of
some other lines of business. In
fact it is the crop yield more
than any other factor which de
See the greatest Wild West
Never belure ha such (how been held In America I
Every minute filled with exciting novel feature. On
thrilling ieat alter another, by broncho rider, cow
boy and cowgirl. Hundred ol performer. Sia band.
Indian race cowboy race buffalo chase, with real
buflaloe Indian mauacre- tage-cuach holdup, etc.
Flan now to attend
Tk. Wall. Wall. Fair com.i S.ulainbar 14. 15. 1. Spand Ika
waa. naia. name., rat'aa, running rat...
Ballar Ban," cuataal, ale, Ov.r 120,000.00 In priaaa
Will, uuw fur proa-ram anil Raaarvcd Saala tu Sa.ral.rjr,
H. II. JOHNSON, Wall. Walla. W..I..
rv 4M
termines whether "times" are to
be "good" or "bad".
4. The country is the natural
home of man. The exercise inci
dental to country life develops a
strong healthy physique. The
sharing of common labor, the
working together for a common
etid, teaches unselfishness, will
ing service, and promotes healthy
family relations. The children
find playmates in the colts and
calves, which are much better
companions than the urchins of
the city streets.
5. It is a well recognized fact
thut the most valuable part of a
person's education is that which
he receives in the home. There
is no place which offers such con
stant, varied and unconscious
training of the eye, hand and
mind ns does the farm.
The disadvantages of farming
may be considered under two
1. Social. The country does
not offer all of the social advan
tages which are open to city
dwellers. Good churches and
schools are not always available.
During certain seasons of the
year the work is confining, re
stricting still further the social
2. Economical. The cash in
come is usually comparatively
small, and there is no chance to
gather together a large fortune.
For those who wish to become
millionaires the farm is not the
Just what should we expect
from the farm? It Bhould pro
vide for a comfortable home, give
fair opportunities for training
and education, make provisions
for old age and unforseen contin
gencies, provide means for the
enjoyment and some of the com
forts and luxuries of life. If
satisfaction is found in a full,
pure and a useful life, then farm
ing most certainly pays. If the
measure of satisfaction of an edu
cated man be bags of gold, then
it is true that farming does not
pay. - Exchange.
Remarkable Cur of Dyaentary.
"I was attacked with dysentery
about July 15th, and used the
doctor's medicine and other
remedies with no relief, only get
ting worse all the time. I was
unable to do anything and my
weight dropped from 145 to 125
pounds. I suffered for about
two months when I was advised
to use Chamberlain's Colic. Cho
lera and Diarrhoea Remedy. I
used two bottles of it and it gave
me permanent relief," writes B.
W. Hill of Snow Hill, N. C. For
sale by all dealers.
For Sale. Pure bred Rhode
Island Red Cockerels; pen No. 1
$2. No. 2. $1.50. -J. H. Eich
ner, Huchanan, Oregon. 41.
ever staged!
; . - -i.d .ahibtla
w boxing each night NhKA
in front of thm grand
mmi ..iLA -.. lLl..l.. I l
mm-W vi grit -. riurw- j-ii 111111 1 1 1
mmT Club of thm Nuithwmtt m
(I'rniM Our I'urtlnml Correspondent)
The United States Geological
Survey, at Washington, D. C,
has recently finished compiling
the figures regarding Oregon's
yield of gold, silver, copper and
lead during 1913, and the state
ment shows an increase of more
than 100 percent over the pro
ducts of the preyious year. The
total yield was valued at $1,746,
402, in 1913, as compared with
$849,880 in 1912. Gold, silver
and lead showed a marked in
crease, and copper and extraor
dinary falling off, the 1913 pro
duction of the latter metal being
only 43,330 pounds as compared
with 260,429 pounds the previous
In the production of gold Bak
ei County led the procession with
$1,373,480: Malheur County
was second with $82,041 and
Grant County third with $63,652.
The gold output in these three
counties in v.n.i shows an in
crease of $972,706. Josephine
County led the state in the pro
duction of copper with 32,558,
about 80 percent of the total
yield. Lane County produced
the most lead 59.204 pounds.
There were fewer mines in oper
ation in Oregon in 1913 than in
the previous year, but the ton
nage from the deep mines was
materially enlarged while the
placer mines, including one new
dredge property, made a record
A recent report from San
Francisco states that the last
giant log in the colonnade sur
rounding the Oregon building for
the Panama-Paci fie Exposition
has been put in place. The Ore
gon building is a reproduction of
Parthenon, with great logs re
placing the marble columns of
original. Fifty logs surround
the building representing the
different kinds of trees found in
the forests of this state. The
last log put in place was a sec
tion of fir weighing 23 tons.
Motion pictures of this event
will be shown throughout Oregon
by the Exposition commissioners
for the state.
The O. W. R. & N. Co. has is
sued the premium list for the
Corn Show, to be held at Walla
Walla Washington, November
25-28. At that show competition
will be open to everyone in the
territory tributaiy to the com
pany's lines in Oregon, Washing
ton and Idaho. One person may
compete for two or more prizes,
but separate exhibits must be
made for each entry, and all
prize-winning exhibits are to be
come the property of the compa
ny and will be used for exhibi
tion and seed purposes. Prize
lists and entry blanks may be
had by addressing: O. W. R. &
N. Corn Show. 701 Wells-Fargo
Building, Portland, Ore.
An International Irrigation
Congress is to be held in Calgary J
Canada, October 5 to 9. It is a'
subject of nation wide impor
tance and Oregon should be and
probably will be, well represent
ed. The J. L. Lowe sawmill, for
merly the Bunyard mill, above
Harney, has a complete stock
of rough and dressed lumber,
shingles moulding, etc. Good
road. Call by phone for rush
orders.- J. L. Lowe. 27tf
on All
Lucile Mulhall,
Lady Champion
Roper and
Rider of
the World
iriiiiii nil ranraraanrnriiidB f
Millions of Men Now in The Armies Not
Self -Supporting and Must be Fed
Why Necessities of life Are Cost
ing More. Go Hungry to Feed the
Warring Countries or Pay Price
Keno Jeurnal: With prices of
sugar, bacon, coal, oil, steel and
many other articles advancing
rapidly and Btartlingly the Ameri
can people will realize soon what
an infliction the EuroDean war
will be especially if it shall con
tinue long. Those who have
material to sell will doubtless
get a good price for them, but
that price will be the market
price at which those of this
country must buy for their own
needs. Because there is a war
1n Europe all the people must
pay from a third to a half more
in the beginning and perhaps a
larger fraction for their meats,
flour, sugar, coal, oil, tobacco,
The reason for such a state of
affairs is two-fold. We are very
heavy importers and the coun
tries from which we should im
port are at war and are not pro
ducing and shipping. Again the
war has turned millions of men
into the armies where they are
not self-supporting but must be
fed. There is a double loss a
loss of production and a loss
caused by an increased consump
tion of special materials.
Germany, from whom we im
port 188 millions of material, will
send no more, perhaps for a
year; the United Kingdom from
whom we get nearly three hund
red millions a year, will send no
more; France, from whom we
get 136 millions annually, will
keep her products home.
The total imports to the
Uuited States each year is nfltrly
two billions of dollars and our
total exports nearly two and a
half billions.
Germany annually imports
from all points two and a half
billions and much of it comes
from this country. She exports
two Billions and much of it comes
here, France imports one and a
half billions and exports a billion
and a quarter.
As to sugar this country im
ports 103 million dollars worth
Strictly First
Service, Fine
Sample Room In Connection, Reasonable Rates
The Burns Flour Milling Co.
Manufacturers of home products
The Cream of the Wheat, Fresh and Palatable
Bran and Other Rolled Mill Feeds
You Patronize Home when you deal here
Is The Place to Trade
Firat: Promptness, accuracy and fair 'dealing.
Secend: We carry a well assorted stock of Drug,' Chemi
cal and Druggist Sundries.
Third: We guarantee every article we sell to be just as
represented or your money refunded.
If you are a customer of ours you know this. If not, be
come one and be convinced.
J. C. Welcome, Jr.
each year and exports less than
$2,000,000. When that sugar
does not come in here there is a
scarcity and the price goes up.
We export three hundred millions
in steel, and war takes steel so
that the'price goes up. We ex
port 90 million in wheat; 50 mil
lion in flour, 50 million oats and
corn; 65 millions in coal; 65 mil
lion in manufactured leather; 130
millions in oil, crude and refined;
115 million in hog products; 116
million in manufactures of wood
and so on to a 'grand total of
nearly two and a half billion.
What we have to export will go
under a famine demand. We
will go hungry to feed the war
ring Europeans or pay a bigger
price to keep the food at home.
We will have no relief through
imports for Germany and Russia
will be bottled up as to exports
for this country. Germany can
keep Russia bottled up on the
Baltic, Turkey at the Dardanells
while the Pacific trade will lan
guish. Our supplies from Ger
many besides much from France
and the United Kingdom will be
less than in normal years. This
country, the only one at peace
for all practical purposes must
go on without what she will
need in order to provide fuel for
the war. The inhabitants of this
country must bid against the war-
made prices of Europe to keep
food at home.
That we will be able to deliver
what we sell seems practically
assured, for it is the concern of
those who buy to protect the
carrying trade but the price
that is paid abroad will be the
measure of the price at home.
Antwerp, the third most impor
tant harbor in the world, will be
the insatible mouth that will eat
up in wastefullness what peace
ful nations have grown in toil
and peace.
Finest alfalfa, timothy and red
top hay baled may be had at the
Goodman feed barn is south Burns
Class. Splendid