MtMk r CITY OF BURNS w COUNTY OF HARNEY The Biggest County In The State Of Oregon, Best In The West The Biggest City In The Biggest County In The State Of Oregon BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON, MARCH 7, 1914 VOL. XXVII NO. 17 WXM$ OW HARNEY COUTRY IMPRESSED A WRITER gonian Correspondent Tells of The Short Course and Impressions of Bigness of Central Oregon Country. Pioneers of the Right Stuff Capture Wilderness of The Last West An Shannon Mnnme. mntra- vou can set m is to ride in, over i i - i rii ..ii... hj-.b tUn haiImmi nt Ine writer ana specim cninu iov mun dim m '""" ud.nt of the Oregonian, was Bend. You travel mile after mile during the agricultural short and mile after mile, over a road ourae, had a splendid dlust rated as smooth as glass; over a vast rticlein last Sunday's Oreponian flat country whose far-encircling criptive of the course and her hills maddeningly recede-you ipressions of the bigness of the never gain on them for a single . ill ! .. i.. ..,.,... ami if.Mi K.,.vin ti wntinar larney country, one u in nwm iw j irt: if these people nave put up a joo The most curious school in all on you if you're really doing a tie world has just closed its ses- sort of treadmill stunt; traveling, kon nt Burns, over in Harney traveling, traveling, mile after County, the Oregon Agricultural .mile and hour after hour, under lollege Short Course. It lasted ! the same blue sky, over tne same le week and it drew its stud- level land, and never getting -nearly 200 men and almost anywhere. amy women trom a rauius ohiu.uiwmihnbhhm 160 miles. One hundred and gloriously, birds fly up from fty miles, mind you, to be travel- sagebrush and grease wood in an in the dead of Winter, throujrh ecstasy of song ana motion; saucy iowand ajrainst bitinp winds, jackrabbits dodge tne caranawe iwn by horees! nippy air tingles your skin and At no place in all the world and arouses you wun iib ionic u this spectacle ever been seen into life and enthusiasm, for efore, and, I believe, it may whatever is or is to be. Bver be seen quite the same ' Small cabins of upright boards in. Forrailroads and electric at vast intervals tell of the home- will, before many more steader and neat new school inter sessions become history, buildings tell oi nis uuamy. lire the face of the great All day long you do this. Hand empire, change the great-1 Traveling all day, every hour St pioneering now going on on , with a good car, a careful, minute se face of the earth into modern saving driver with never an ac- iral life of the highest order, cident or moment's delay, you has been a privilege to "attend . may get into Burns bv nightfall. Miool" the past week in Harney I And all day you've just seen auntv. country and still more country, You see. everything about it is tin your eyes acne wun country. tremendously big; so unthink- A yu Know ine msixucwra )ly, appallingly big. We've tn tne snort course are coram I heard the figures over and over Dy me same route, mw hpard that ! students are on the road, man ner again; we ve larney could swallow several tes and not choke; we've been kid it's the center of the most Bormous area of land untravers- by a railroad in the United ites; we ve seen many state ments about its millions of acres arable land, but we get used the sound of mere numbers, id they cease to make an ltn- ession. A million acres, a oBsand it's all the same to blunted ears. The way to really get an im- Iression of the thing is to come fight into it, And the only way ing their way to school from north, south, east and west, along the splendid natural roads of the ranchvrs' paradise. They are traveling day and night, many of them, to be there on time, traveling with teams and farm wagons, or horseback, against the wind and the sun, miles and miles and miles, from way down in Catlow Valley, 100 miles to the south, where 300 families are hpmesteading in tents; from Wild Horse Valley, 125 miles southeast; from Bear Valley, 75 miles north, and from Bfla3sWa3ife' " The Strongest appeal to the most refined taste is made by Harmony Rose Glycerine Soap Purely Vegetable, Delicately Perfaad ISc. Per Cake, 2 for 25c. WE ARE AGENTS Rexall Drug Store REED RROS. Props. THE WHITE FRONT LIYERY, FEED AND SALE STABLE tye have oonlined our business entirely to the White Front where we are prepared to care for our customers better than ever before HORSES FEU FOR 20c. PER HEAP AND UP Baled Hay and Grain for Sale at Market Price. Good Hay in Stack $4.50 Per Ton. Delivered in Burns, $6.50 Per Ton The Burns-Vale Stage Line 36-Hour Schedule from Railroad Close Connections Made With Trains East Cofortable Conveyances for Pnwengera. Fare, $10. Careful Attention and Prompt Delivery of Expret and Freigha Entrust ed to Our Care. Freight 2 l-2c. Per Pound. R. J. McKinnon & Son BURNS, - OREGON many more valleys with exciting names which I cannot take time to tell about. They're on the road to school. It cost something for these men and women to pack up and prepare to be away from home for a whole week in the dead of Winter when there's stock to be fed. It's taken a lot of planning and arranging with neighbors neighbors miles away. It's cost something in energy and courage to make the trip through the cold Winter air, often in a jolty farm wagon. It's meant something for wives to pack in their little children and come along, or run the ranch in their husband's absence. And money is not plentiful with many of these ranchers. The home steader is just getting his start in the dry land, and every penny has so many places where it just fits. Nothing under the sun but an indomitable punwse and rock ribbed courage and determina tion could have made them hear and heed the old copper bell that rang out from Burns, summoning them to school. I wonder how people in towns. who won't go a dozen blocks in the rain to hear a lecture that might stimulate them in the art of living, would fail to see those 200 odd families assembled here through such hardships as their very presence bespeak? I tell you it (rave me a thrill. It made my heart beat with pride in my countrymen and women. "They're Americans," I couldn't help telling myself , "andOregon ians;" and I felt jolly proud to call myself an Oregonian. too. I think we all revere the mem ory ot our pioneers, ana we should, for a braver, finer thing was never done than the captur ing of the wilderness of the West, and taming it. But I want to tell you that there is going on right now over in the Inland Empire" as brave pioneering as ever marKed tne lives oi our fathers and grandfathers whom we glory in honoring. Then let's give them a hearty hand grip and an eye-to-eye recognition that will let them know that we of the out-land where most of the peo ple live, appreciate their great courage. Back to the school. Burns was ready for them, and they didn't need to have brought their lunch. The county court put up the money and the Commercial Club did the managing. Hotels and homes were thrown open to the jruests, free feed provided ior teams and people alike, and the pavilion at the Fair grounds was rigged up with a cooking stove and supplies as a sort of bache lor's quarters. Here the single men bunked, cooked their meals and exchanged notes between classes. Discussions waxed warm over soils, alkali treatment, dry farm ing and irrigation, while potato a were peeled, bread was made and coffee boilid. These ranchers can get up a meal that's as tasty as a womm ever evolved, find while they're doing it the range of their talk bespeaks the wide scope of their information. I tell you, it takes intelligence to be a dry farmer, and the broad scientific knowledge these young men displuy would put to shame the narrow little circle in which the average city clerk or employe revolves. The dry farmer digs out and proves his knowledge, it hasn't heen handed hjm alto-: gether ready made. Tl.f Forty Ysar Test An article must have excepti onal merit to survive for a period of forty years. Chamberlain's Cough Remedy was first offered to the public In 1872. From a small beginning it has grown in favor and popularity until It has grown in ravor ana popularity until ft has attained a world wide reputation. You will find nothing better for a cough or cold. Try it and you will understand why it is a favorite after a period of more than forty years. It not only gives relief It cures. For sale by all dealers. R. J. McKinnon & Son have established a daily stage between Drewsey and Juntura. Connec tions made with the trains at Juntura and passengers given eyery comfort. Fare to Burns FARMERS FORM CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION Homesteaders Taking Steps to Protect Themselves Against Rabbit Pest. Will Combine Credit of Members to Secure Finances for Fencing out Jacks. Organization Completed at eight per cent per annum. Membership in the association is not restricted to farmers, but to any one who resides in Harney County. A membership fee of twenty-five dollars is charged, to be known as The ""'' "oiiur oi which iiiiimi uc pum ('ountv fvOmrative ! in cash and the remainder in the (Contributed. ) A meeting full of portent to the future of this county was held at Valley View school house last Saturday, February 28th. and resulted in the organization of what is Harney Association. This is the first step in organizing against the jack rabbit Rabbit drives, bounties, poisoning and various other devices have been tried at different times, but the rabbit has remained on the job in in creased numbers, ravishing the farmers' crops and forcing many a worth v settler to abandon his homestead. The farmers now propose to quit raising grain to feed more jack rabbits and try raising crops to feed to live stock and to sell. They are going to fence their lands rabbit tight as fast as cleared and let Mr. Rabbit hop to the sage brush for a change. It may mean less prosperity for the rabbit, but it is believed it will make more for the rancher. The plan contemplates the purchase of fence in carload lota, direct from factory and to be paid for in cash. Through the association formed the several members will be given time, up to three years, in which to pay for the fence purchased, interest ! form of a non-interest bearing note. These notes will be used I in financing and obtaing credit for the business of the association .....1 ...... ....,.'.. ..11 Ifru ..LI!.... ' UI1U y UUI ,iii u-t-iiiK tin ii.i vuiiKn- ' tions. The liability of the in dividual members is thus limited ' to these notes. It is simply a . scheme of pooling or combining ' the credit of the members, and is imtterned after the credit as sociations of other countries. All purchases will be made through the association and all obligations of the members will be made to the association. Fence will be furnished to the members at actual cost. The meeting at Valley View was well attended, there being over fifty persons present, and a more harmonious and enthusiastic gathering could scarcely be imagined. Mr. C. A. Hawley and others had prepared articles of association and a complete code of rules and regulations for doing business. These were taken up item by item. read. explained and adopted and the organization perfected. Practi cally every person present signed up for membership and the organization will probably have more than one hundred members before this reaches the readers. The meeting extended a rising vote of thanks to Mr. Hawley for this services in assisting in the organization of the company. The management of the as sochition is vested in a board of five directors, whose names are as follews: C. C. Babbidge, A. H. Curry, H. J. Jokisch, Wm. Gray and S. M. Talbot Mr. Babbidge is president; Mr. Jok ish, vice-president; Mrs. Vivian Gray, secretary; and Arthur Whitney, treasurer. There are no better people in Harney County than are represented among these officers and dir ectors, and with the affairs of the association in their hands its success is assured. Any one wishing to become a member, or who desires more information concerning the organization, should write to Mrs. Gray at Harriman or consult Mr. Hawley at Bums. On account of this association should omit the part that the secretary, Mrs. Vivian Gray, has had therein. She began the movement over a year ago, and although turned down time after time she kept up the agitation, and to her, more than to any other person, is entitled the credit for bringing this organfza tion into existence. TO DEVELOP BIG ELEC TRIC POWER PROJECT Engineering Firm Planning to Harness Waters of Malheur and Transmit to Big Harney Valley to Aid in Ir rigation. Electric Railway From Riverside to Timber Belt Possible A few weeks ago The Times Herald received a letter from J. E. Johnson A Sons, the well known civil engineers who are installing an irrigation project at present in the Drewsey coun-, The try, to the effect that they would have something of interest to publish in the near future re specting a power project they had under consideration that would prove of interest to the people of this section. This week LATEST DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE NOTES BUICK MOTOR CARS Fours and Sixes Price $12180 Price 81483 jUhn iJ I ,ipii2 k?V sx Price 81873 Price 81183 Price 81030 Most Economical andMost Powerful Car on the Market for the Money A. K. RICHARDSON, Agt. BURNS, - OREGON il'ii.m Our I'. .Mian. I Coneipomlcnt) "See the Big St.it.- and not the big city," is the appeal to be made by the business men of Portland to the people who will come west during 1915. Unless a vigorous campaign is conduct ed, nearly all the exposition travel will be direct from San Francisco to Portland with no stopovers in either Westirn or Eastern Oregon. To perfect plans for an oner getic campaign to influenc travelers to visit the smaller communities and see the state itself rather than spend all of the time devoted to Oregon in the city of Portland, a meeting will be held in the parlors of the Portland Commercial Club on Thursday, March 12. Delegates will be present from all the com munities which were represented at the development convention recently held in Eugene. Also, at this meeting, plans will be laid for a big convention to be held in the near future in the city of Salem, at which all the counties of the state will be represented. Announcement has just been made that approximately 45,000 acres of land adjacent to Flora, Long Creek, Monument, lieech Creek, Enterprise and Baker has been set aside for homesteading. This is classed as semi-arid land and will be subject to the en larged homestead act. It will be ready to be filed upon on and after March 9, and original en trymen will have the right to Ale on 320 acres. The Beard of Governors of the Poitland Commercial Club has passed a resolution, to be for warded to Secretary Franklin k Lane, urging that the Owyhee-. Malheur irrigation project be in cluded in the Government irriga tion planed for Oregon, It is pointed out that dies. proio-cd projects contain thousands of sens oi fertile land which is now useless and always will be so un less it can be supplied with water. Portions of the land which are now irrigated by private ditches are raising splendid crops of grain, alfalfa and fruit Calling attention to the fact that this year is the 50th an niversary of the establishment of the salmon canning industry on the Pacific Coast, Governor West has issued a proclamation naming Friday, March 13, as "Salmon Day," and urges all the people of the state to not only use salmon freely on that date, but to take special pains to call attention of other sections of the country to its value as a food. A large Chinook will be sent to President Wilson and the Oregon delega tion in Congress to be consumed at that time. a letter outlining the project has ueen receiver wun permission to Another item in connection publish the contemplated action of this firm. It is one that has had the attention of engineering concerns in the past and has also "Owing to weather conditions, we have been unable to make complete surveys, but we are sure that the installation cost will not exceed $15.00 per acre. purchaser will be given a long time, probably 10 years in which to pay this first cost. The above price will probably include all motors, pumps and other equipment complete. "This ulant will also furnish power to Drewsey and the other towns with reasonable distance. with this power plant is the building of an electric railway from River side up the Malheur to the timber belt. This is a jtood feasible been investigated by people hav-J route, and there is sufficient ing a similar object in view. The power for this undertaking, installation of such a power plant "With the added development is certainly desirable and there that this project will bring it will is no doubt of it being a feasible undoubtly mean electric railways and profitable proposition with in Harnev Vallev the capital to develop it The Times-Herald herewith publishes what Mr. Johnson writes in regard to the prejec: "We have filed on an excellent power-site on the Malheur River. about 20 miles above Drewsey. Our first unit will develop at the lowest water season, about 2500 H. P. During the spring months, there is sufficient water to de velop twice this amount "Our plan is to carry the bulk of this power to Harney Valley where we expect to sell it to the settlers for use in pumping water I from wells for irrigation. As you are of course, aware, there Is an inexhaustible supply of underground water throughout Harney Valley which can be found at depths ranging from 8 to 20 feet "This plant will furnish suffi cient power to irrigate easily 50,000 acres of land. We have filings on 10,000 H. P. and as fast as condition permit, we shall add other units and develop more power. we nave ample capital in view to install this project, and there is little doubt that it will be constructed in the very near future. We believe this is an undertaking which will meet with the approval of every man in Harney Valley, and any as sistance you could render this movement through your paper will be appreciated." Chronic Stomach Trouble Cured. There is nothing more dis couraging than a chronic dis order of the stomach. Is it m.t surprising that many suffer for years with such an ailment win n a permanent cure is within their reach and may be had for a trifle? "About one year ao," says P. H. Beck, of Wakelee, Mich., "I bought a package of Chamber lain's Tablets, and since usinj? them I have felt perfectly well. I had previously used any num ber of different medicines, but none of them were of any last ing benefit" For sale by all dealers. THE FRENCH HOTEL DAVID NEWMAN, Prop. Strictly First Class. Splendid Service, Fine Accomodations, Commercial Headquarters Sample Room In Connection, Reasonable Rates BLUE MT. STAGE CO. 4 Daily Line, Burns and Prairie City SCHEDULE: USAVB Bunu Can y on City . I'r.trlc City Canyon City . Sam 7ara 2:30 p m 7 p in AKKIVK Canyon City Prairie City 10 a in Hums City, 12 II. Kill I u.oo 11.00 Fare, Burns-Prairie Round Trip, Express Rates 2 1-2 Cents, Prairie to Hums PLEASANT, SCENIC ROUTE ALL THE Hi) I. WOLDENBERC.iProp. THE WELCOME PHARMACY It The Place to Trade -WHYH First: Promptness, accuracy and fair dealing. Secend: We carry m well assorted stock of Drugs, Chemi cals and Druggist Sundries. Third: We guarantee every article we sell to be just as represented or your money refunded. If you are a customer of ours you know this. If not, be come one and be convinced. J. C. Welcome. Jr. i t. Tonawama tonight.