fP) PtfW CITY OF BURNS The Biggest City In The Biggest COUNTY OF HARNEY The Biggest County In The State County In The State Of Oregon I r s Of Oregon, Best In The West I VOL. XXVII BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON, FEBRUARY 28, 1914 NO. 16 r L 1 1 -USUr I X ? W4 FARMERS OF THE STATE WANT GOOD ROADS Those Taking Short Course at Corvallis Favor Vigorous Campaign. Scant Plurality of 100 Students Declares for Providing Money for Construe lion by Some Form of Bonds Progressive Oregon farmer ing. The effect of good roads on unanimously favor good roads; the pleasure of rural life was ad with a single exception they vaneed by 29 farmera. The in favor a vigorous rondbuilding creased value of farm lands was campaign; about three-fourths of named by 16 only. Stimulation them favor good roads chiefly of immigration was named by 14. for the reason that Reed roads Fifteen said that good roads benefit marketing; an over- would do more than any other ivh.lminir mnior tv avor hard one imng io Keep me uoy on fi,.i. mnHa' a sliurht majority the farm SUIAMWW a www. - while six stated that it was the most important factor in the "back to the farm" move ment. One of the answers named the tendency to consoli date rural schools as the chief roads. favor supervision by a state high way engineer, man .i riwm plurality favor providing money for road work by some form of hnnds. TKot U nroorressive Oregon reason for good farmers hold these views it the I The influence of automobiles Oregon farming body is correctly jn the good roads movement is represented by 100 Agricultural .'very pronounced even if somc floUege Farmers' WVk students j what contradictory. A number who answered a questionary on of farmers who own automobiles mnmAm that was spnt to them I thoueht that the influence of by the extension division. The j auto owners and drivers is an following summary published in important factor in pushing along an exchange, is taken from the the movement of stood roads, list of 100 answers received: One farmer stated that while Number in favor of good roads, auto owners are pushing the good 100; of a general roadbuilding j roads movement that are doing campaign, 99; number giving lap in a, planner that ia not gen better markets us the principnl , erally beneficial to good roads for Value of good roads, 78; number, farmers, and sometimes very in in favor of supervision Dy ran highway engineer, 43; of a bond ing system of finance, 32. Uifiuntv views on some or the other important points covered , ers suggested a tax of $210 for py the questionary are shown in (every machine that is licensed, to the following summary: j run on the road jurious to them. One ol the farmers who stated thflt te e puiise o good roads ahould be assessed against automobile own- Xptaber in favor of dirt sur face roads, 12; of providing; pipney by special road levy, 28; by appQtionrnerit from general fund, 26j combined National, sate and county fund, 4; by as sessment of adjoining property, 8; by high automobile lieenes, 2. There were 33 who expressed In this connection it may be well to note that though auto mobiles are though1 to be help ful to dirt roads and to have but little effect on concrete pave ment, they are very detrimental to macadamised roads, They damage the crushed rock surface by blowing away the rock dust themselves in favor of having the, which has been crushed by steel roads constructed under the sup-: tires before it has an opportunity fcrvision of district supervisors. ! to re-cement: Lacking a Cement Jix of these suggested Unit the oase, e roc.k partite move local supervisors be deputies of about independently and gather the highway engineer, and .some in uneven bunchefl along the believed that no one should be , roadbed. Btnmtted tq seme as road sup- j As t the value or gooa roaas prvisor until after passing satis- ;in better market facilities, the factory examination in road con-' following are some of the real StrmjtjqB, e'"9 oeiepieq fwmm w"""" Among the many rea ens ail- ot reppes. y Mfe4 in favor of good roads a One said it costs farmers more number were extremely interest- to haul their freight four miles THE BUENS HOTEL DULL DIBBLE, prop, Centrally Located, Good Clean Meals, Comfortable Rooms, Clean and Sanitary Beds (jive Me A Call First Class bar In Connection THE WHITE FRONT LIVERY, FEED AND SALE STABLE We have mm lined our business entirely to the White Front where we are prepared to care tyr our customers better than e?er Men HORSES FED FOR 20c. PER HEAD AND UP Baled Hay and Grain for Sale at Market Prices. Good Hay in Stack $4.50 Per Ton. Delivered in Burns, $6.50 Per Ton fbe Burns-Yale Stage Line 36-Hour S -bed iik- from I tail road Close Connections Made With Trains Kaat. Cofortable Conveyance fpr praeepger. Pare, 110. Careful Attention and Prompt Delivery of Express and Freigha Entrust ed to Our Care, Freight t l-8c. IVr Pound- R. J. McKinnon & Son BURNS, - OREGON to the local depots than the rail road charges for hauling it from the depots to Portland. Another suggests that good roads leaaen the strain on vehicles, horse flesh and temper. Another says that good roads secure maximum speed at minimum coat Another, that they enable the farmer to market his crops when quotations are at the highest point, without the necessity of paying storage charges. "To provide continu ous traffic througout the year," is another sentiment. "We are further behind European farmera in this than in any other rural matter," any a another. "In Europe it costs 10 centa to haul one ton one mile, and in Oregon it costs 30 cents or more," aay another farmer. "If a horse could vote, we would have good roads in a short time," comments one farmer. Another favors good roads be cause he was stalled in muddy roads "with 12,500 shingles and one of the best teams in the country." "It relieves farms of much of their drudgery when served with good roads, for tey are economic, social and moral forces jn rural life, " said another. "We can never expect maximum results from agricultural efforts until we secure good roads," says another farmer philosopher. "They beget a spirit of pride and self-respect which soon manifests itself in many other things, " is one man's correct reason. 'They cut the string that ties the woman to the farm through pe long Winters," says a home loving farmer, "while another thinks that good roada would do much to relieve the woman of the tedium of an isolated life. Concerning the effect of good roada on iarm values, a fanner says; "A farm 10 miles from town on good roads is worth $26 an acre more than the same farm in miles from the .ame town on people will do more in tliisiv. a rotten uirt road. Anotner ; spect than tiie average Western savs that it will bring the cultva- AGENTS FOR RUSSIAN COLONY VISIT HARNEY Representative of Practical Farmers Are Looking for 10,000 Acres of Agri cultural Land. Like Big Harney Country and Will Make a Further Inspection Again This Spring LATEST DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE NOTES B. F, Johnson, local represen tative of the Oregon & Western Coloniaation Co., came over fwm Prlney!lle early this week in com pany with Messrs. Grntch and Kucknoff. who are agents for a large colony of Russian farmers desiring to tind lands where they may settle and engage in tilling the soil. These farmers have resided in this country for from 8 to l(t years and are practical people. They are represented as having sufficient capital to he gin farming right and would make good oitiaens as they would at onee begin the development of the land. They desire at least 10,000 acres and the colony may be increased to such a number as will require many times that acreuge. The Times-Herald representa tive did not get to interview the gejitlepiun while here but is in formed they are well pleased with the big Harney country and will return here early in the spring to make definite election!, pro- 1 vided, terms can be made and the land they desire can be secured. Practical farmers of this char acter is needed at tin time to develop tin big agricultural sec tion. As a general rule these farmer who has not been educat ed to real hard work along the line of developing a country. Princeton Notes. Mich Haley returned from Hums, where he lias been on a business trip. T. B. Hill, Princeton's ener. getic farmer is preparing to take up his duties as road supervisor. Kd. Maher. who is driving stage from Harriman to Andrews was heme Sunday visiting his wife and baby. Messrs. Hrady and Reynolds have returned home from trapping. tion of the land and the culture oi the citizens to a condition of high efficiency. Another names increased land values as a certain effect of building good roads, and facetiously concludes that the main reason for good roada is that building them would be setting a good example for Corvallis and other Valley towns to iouow. wne man, woo uvea at hcho states that roads are good enough, that the people are too poor to engage in expensive road construction, and (pat more good would be accomplished by securing Government banking for revenue, "Tp fight indirect taxes, tariff and excesses in in tesest and transportation charges U more profitable than to build good roads,'' Burns Public School Report for January. The following is a report of school district No. 1 for the month ending January 28, 1914: Pupils from last month 196 Readmitted 67 Total 862 Pupils dropped 78 174 Pupils on register since be- gpiing of year marked "R" 241 Pupils pn register Bince be ginning of year marked 'E' 8 Mrthocltit Myiulot RiHHMunanSi l'baiiikilin' Couth Rama Rev. James A. I-wis, Milaca, Minn., writes: "Chamberlain's Cough Remedy has been a, peed ed and welcome guest In our home fur a number of years. I highly recommend it to my fel lows as being a medicine worthy of trial in coses, of cold cough and croup." (live Chamberlains! Cough Remedy a trial and we are confident you will find it very effectual and continue to use it as occasion requires) for years to some, as many others have done. For sale by all dealers. lli. mi On, l',, Hn, ill OorrcapooilcnU At the great development con vention held in Kugene on Feb. 19 it was the unanimous opinion of the delegates that there would be u statewide exhibit of Oregon products maintained at Ashland during 1916, A meeting to dis cuss and definitely determine the cost and other details of such ex hibit will be held In the Green Parlor of the Portland Commer cial Club on Thursday, March 12. All the members of the last Leg islature who can make it conven ient to be in Portland on that date are urged to attend. Also state officials. Representatives from all the commercial clubs will be welcome and all the com munities, represented at Eugene last week will name special dele gates. Of course, under the law no member of the legislature can give a definite pledge as to an appropriation to be made in the future, but as a citizen, he can give his opinion as to the common sense of such an exhibit as will be under discussion. Ten thou sand dollars will construct the building, pay for gathering t.e products and for every other character of work up to January I. lUlft. when the Legislature will meet. Twenty-five thousand dollars will pay for the entire work. The Portland session will welcome suggestions pro and con. H. Cratch, the agent of a large, colony of Russians which desires to settle on Oi egon lands, was in Portland a few days ago. He states that these Russians have been in this country from 8 to 10 RURAL CREDIT BILL DE SIGNED TO AID FARMER Would Create Farm Land Banks Em powered to Make Long Time Loans. First Mortgages on the Agricultural Lands Used as Basis for Issuance of National Land Bank Bonds Market Report. years, and that they want a tract postal savings banks may The rural credit bill now before , secured by mortgages or deeds congress is expected to be of J of trust on said lands. greet interest to the farmers says the Journal. It proposes the charterinor of privately-organized, competitive, Receipts at the Portland Union farm land banks empowered to Stock Yards for the week ending make long time, first mortgage February 21, have been cattle, loans on agricultural lands with- j 1634; calves. 4: hogs, 5702, sheep, in the state in which any given , 6269. bank is located. A big week on this market. These mortgages may then be particularly the first half. Offer- used by the bank as basis for the ings of butcher cattle, cows, issuance of what are to be known heifers, etc., were extremely a national land bank bonds, and short of trade needs compared the rate of interest on farm land with steer consignments. The loans may not exceed the interest best quality grain fed bullocks paid on national land bank bonds sold at $7.80 to $8.00 and cows by more than 1 per cent $6.75 at $7.00. Hull trade . The banks are not to receive 8'0W' but calves ruled linn. After direct government aid because it Monday receipts were not as is believed that in a country so heavy as expected, agriculturally rich as the United! Hogs were the real sensati .in States credits ahould be so good, ? tne Period as they opt ned up loans so desirable from the view- on Monday at $8.65 and got to point of the investor, that private' 8-75 Dv Wednesday in the face enterprise ahould be able to op- of a deluge. The bulge was not erate them satisfactorily. a spasm either as it maintained Indirect government aid is. a,firm front r'Kht up to the cloH' however, nrono! in that H. of the week. Buying ol swine Oyer six and under II Over 9 and under IS Over 12 and under 14 Over 14 and under 20 Total 849 98 88 46 28 249 How it Your Boiler? It has been stated that a man's stomach is his boiler, his body is his engine and his mouth the Are box. Is your boiler (stomach) in good working order or is it so weak that it will not stand a full load and not able to supply the needed, energy tp your engine (body)? If you have any trou ble with your stomach Chamber lain's Tablets wil dp you good. They strengthen and invigorate the stomach and enable it to do its work naturally- Many very remarkable cures of stomach trouble have been effected by them. For sale by all dealers. Timothy and clover seed for sale at the White Front Barn, Burns. - W. T. VanderVeer. 16tf . BUICK MOTOR CARS Fours and Sixes zT OPx-io $Q180 Price 81483 Prioe Q1879 I2ioe $1183 JPrice 81000 Must Economical andJMofsl Powerful Car on the Market for the Money A. K. RICHARDSON, Agt BURNS, n OREGON oi nut less than 10,000 acres of grain land. They are said to have plenty of money to put into a good proposition where they can build up a community of! their own. The colony consists , be used to purchase national land bank bonds, as may funds held in trust in federal courts or es tates in charge of the federal courts. It is also expected states will use public funds in the land bank com- of about 200 families at the pre- securing of national sent time, but their agent states bunds, also life insurance that within a sjiort timv thf'panies. number will be increased to 2.000 ' The plan briefly described is to 3.00P, and that each family ! intended to aid farmers in devel will require about 160. acres of lopment of their nrorjerties. Other land. According to the annual report of the Rogue River Fruit and Produce Association, which ships about one-third of the total out put of the valley, 369 carloads of fruit were shipped during 1913, 163 cars of pears, 206 cars of ap ples and one car of peaches. Prices for the crop are exception,. ally good. Value oi Forage Crop For Growing Pigs Farmers and pig growers do not always appreciate the value of green feeds and succulent pastures for their animals. Too often the hog i considered a scavenger, apd his ability to use waste IS regarded as his chief value. However well he serves this purpose, be will pay well for good care, feed and hoyspig. rorage crQpa are especially bene(cial to young growing ani- mals. It is possible to grow them much more profitably and suc cessfully when a good green field of palatable and nutritious pas turage is provided. Experiments and practical farmers' experi nee prove that gains in weight are made at less cost on forage than in the dry lot. Brood, sows can be carried through, the season on pasture, at less cost than when grain fields are entirely depended upon. Foraging induces the ani mal to exercise and obtain fresh air, and these prevent diseases being contracted, and when the animals are pu,t in. the fattening pen tpvtv flams are unusually rapid and profitable. The green feeds eaten are of much value just to keep the pig's digestive system in good condition and the appetite keen, bills are to besubmitted covering short time loans for purpose of helping farmers tide over the season between planting and harvest, or to aid in moving crops. Loans are t to bo made for more tha,n 38 years, to complete to,e purchase of agricultural lands i mortgaged, to improve and equip ' Ulti.l. lUHfla ,AM .IWM-'nt.l.llMfll . f,v (1 4MM 4VI gl HUilUI til IUl posea, to pay end discharge debts was spirited and competition among the killers to get stock of any weight so long as it had a smooth finish produced a real live market. Lamb transactions carried off the honors in the sheep hous Several lots of medium grade ewes went over the scales, and a bunch of yearlings at $0.00 com prised the bulk of mutton sale. The best grain lambs sold at $6. 75 the first shorn stock of the sea son arrived this week. Th Best Cough Medicine. "I have used Chamberlain's Cough Remedy every since I have been keeping house," says L. C. Hames, of Marbury, Ala. "I consider it one of the best reme dies I ever used. My children have all taken it and it works like a charm. For colds and whooping cough it is excellent." For sale by all dealers. TxtE FRENCH HOTEL DAVID NEWMAN, Prop. Strictly First Ctass. Splendid Service, Fine Accomodations, Commercial Headquarters ainp Room In Connection, keasonabk Rates I Dnt You B.li.y. It. Some say that chronic consti pation cannot be cured. Don't you believe it. Chamberlain's Tablets have cured others -why not you? Give them a trial, They cost only a quarter, For sale by all dealers. Lost A plain bar pin, either at Tonawama or on the streets, with the name "Isora" engraved upon it. Finder please return to Gemberling's jewelry store. BLUE MT. STAGE CO. Daily Line, Burns and Prairie City SCHEDULE: LEAVK Hurn Canyon City. Pralri City Canyon City 6am 7am 2:30 D .7 i hi AKRIVK Canyon City i'ralik-City llui n-. MP i in 10 a in I Fare, Bur-Prairie City, - - $ 6.00 Round Trip, - - 11.00 Express Rates 2 hi Cents, Prairie to Hums PLEASANT, SCENIC ROUTE ALL THE WA 1 L. WOLDENBERG.iProp. m! THE WELCOME PHARMACY Is in riace to Trade -WHYH Firstt Promptness, accuracy and fair dealing. Secend: Cher Wo carry a well assorted stock of Drugs, cals and Druggist Sundries. Third: We guarantee every article we sell to be just His represented or your money refunded. If you are a customer ei ours you know this. If not, be- i sum be convinced. J. C. Welcome, Jr.