The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, February 21, 1914, Image 1

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The Biggest City In The Biggest
The Biggett County In The
! Stole I
County In The State Of Oregon I
Of Oregon, Best In The Wett
NO. 15
Agricultural Short Course Attended by
Practical Farmers Who Show Their
Appreciation by Interest and Close
Attention to Instructors. Subjects
Followed by Lively Discussions
In point of interest ami at
tendance the agricultural short
course that ended today was a
greater success than that of last
year. In some ways last year
exceeded, for instances, the
evening attendance, as many
town people took in the illustrat
ed lectures, but this year there
has been other things to demand
the attention of a great many of
the town people.
The actual attendance of farm
er! this year exceeds last year by
nnire a lot. It is the class the
instructers wish to reach
i "students" were receptive and
at once entered into the matter
on a business-like way.
As was the case last year there
were several in the "primary"
grade taking their first lessons
in actual business-like farming
and it was gratifying to note of
the doubting ones as before.
Every man who come to school
came with the fixed conviction
that he was going to learn some
thing. He didn't come out of
curiosity, but to get what benefit
he could out of the course and
and "' (liJ-
they are well pleased
result and encouraged.
have been free to taki
with the l The first subject
fhe men Prof. Hyslop was the composi-
part in ! tion of the soils and nest met nod
crops to place their land in high
est productive state. Another
very necessary thing is the rota
tion of crops. Prof. Hyslop gave
conclusive proof of this. In or
der to keep the land working
without materially reducing its
productiveness is by rotating
and this can be done without
material loss in the way of money
crops by following his suggestions.
After the land has been fallow
ed and the moisture conserved a
cereal crop may be grown profi
tably and should be followed by
a cultivated crop such as peas in
rows. At present, however, he
is of the opinion that alfalfa in
rows for seed is the most profita
ble, since alfalfa seed is in de
mand. Later when too many
have taken this up and it is no
longer profitable, the land is in
shape for most any crop. Then
field peas, cereals with the rais
ing of stock, dairying etc. may
be taken up to good advantage.
Another matter that was called
to the attention of Prof. Hyslop
was the absolute necessity of
raising some crop each year; he
had been advocating fallowing,
but when it was pointed out to
I him that many at this particular
Lectures of Prof. Fitts and Stock Judg
ing Periods in Connection With the
Short Course Very Beneficial. A
Marked Interest Shown in Dairying
Together With Hogs and Beef
That the farmer of this section condition were not familiar to
is fully alive to the importance him.
of the livestock industry in con- The talk on dairy cattle Thurs
nection with diversified farming day morning brought out much
was demonstrated by the interest discussion and a very decided in
taken in that branch of the short terest was shown. Prof. Fitts
course during the week. The started that the dairy business
livestock farmer who markets Wuh the most profitable of anv of
his products in the highest and the farmer and that dairy coun
most profitable state, leaving as tries were always most m-osner-
Moil Profitable Type
of Swine for Market
"The general trend of the evo
lution of market swine is toward
younger lighter weight and
smoother animals, says Professor
U. It. Sampson, of the Oreoron
Agricultural College Animal Hus
bandry department. "Since this
is in line with the interests of
the consumer as well as economy
to the producer, there is little
reason to expect it to be radically
changed. The age of pigs affects
not only the economy of gains
but the quality of the carcass
and consequent prices as well.
In the Portland market there is
Present Open and Closed Season Under
Federal Control Not Applicable for
Entire Territory. Districts Should
Be Cut Into Smaller Units. New
Officers Memorialize Department
A meeting of the Harney birds
in the spring.
discussions and ask questions.
That was a lacking feature last
year. They have profited
lessons taught them by Prof.
Scudder and followed the de
monstrations at the Experiment
Farm, therefore are in a position
to grasp the essential points
given them by Prof. Hylsop and
Prof. Fitts this year. They can
ask questions more intelligently
and get more out of the course
since they've had actual experi
ence under the tutelage of
experienced men. They've come
to the conclusion that "book
farming" is not just fup but
practical as their own efforta
have proven.
While there was disappoint
ment expressed by some at lirst
upon learning that Prof. Scudder
had not come in person but enl
his associate. Prof. Geo. EL
Hyslop, this feeling did not last.
Prof. Scudder has many warm
personal friends among the farm-
Mi of Harney county but Prof.
Hyslop soon had their attention
and his practical talks made them
forget Scudder entirely in their
interest in the discussion of the
subjects so ably handled. They
realized that after all Scudder
wasn't the only man in Oregon
who could teach them something
about farming. The scientific
knowledge gained last year had
been placed to practical use and
worked so well, that when Prof.
Hyslop took up subjects his
of improving it The sandy loam
and silt are our best crop soils
by the according to Prof. Hvslop and
this can be improved and made
more productive by introducing
more leguminous crops. This
adds mineral and nitrogen. He
impressed upon his class the nec
essity of deep plowing and allow
ing the -soil to remain open dur
ing the winter season to permit
the moisture to penetrate.
Green manure was recommended
these in quantity, the seeding of rye,
rape, peat, ana like crops to oe
turned under and made to add to
its producing qualities.
The next subject was the phy
sical and chemical qualities of
tiie soil. The farmers were told
ithat a good, crumbly structure
J was the essential features toward
'crop growth. This is fostered
j by the introduction of humus or
ganic matter, as it improves the
I binding of the more sandy soils
I making them pervious, allowing
I the moisture to penetrate and
I also preventing the tendency to
taken up by time were preparing to make
final three-year proof on their
homesteads and that a crop was
necessary to that proof, eyen
though the land was not in shape
to insure a profitable yield, he
suggested fall plowing and then
seeding in spring to peas or
similar crop to make best yield
and not injure the land for a
real profitable crop the following
Prof. Hyslop said the average
dry farmer doesn't realize the
value of barn yard mature and
told them of its commercial value.
It is equal to from $2 and 18.60
per ton as compared to the com
mercial fertilizer. Too much
might be put on at one time, but
it is hardly probable. A thin
coating at frequent intervals and
mixed well with the soil is one
of the best things a dry farmer
can do for his land.
The white alkali that is found
in a few places in this section is
not a serious proposition and may
(Continued on page 2)
much on his land as he has taken
off, thus keeping up the fertility.
is the one who is going to have
the modern home and the bank
account. This is preached by
all farm experts and is sound
logic. That Harney county is
ous. He showed the advantages
of dairy farming as it brought a
steady income and with the kin
dred industries in connection,
the pigs, chickens, etc., and the
increased fertility of the soil it
was ideal. The dairy cow is the
plow. This will make a soil that
will hold moisture longer. The
slightly alkali soils should be
treated in alike manner by a thin
coating of barnyard manure,
straw, etc., and mix well.
Our chief soil types are the
sandy loam and silt. These are
pronounced exceptionally good,
their chief need being humus.
Prof. Hyslop impressed his hear
ers with the necessity of legume
second to no otner place on earth most economical producer of
for livestock is also admitted, human food of any of our domes
therefore the farmer who is "on tic animals, producing five times
tO hlB business" took Particular im much in 11 v..r muhwf ul.p
interest in that branch during He advocates alfalfa hay as the
the week. basic ration, feeding all they will
With a country adapted to the eat and wheat bran and shorts
growing of forage and the ex- are the best to furnish the por-
cellent range in favor of produc- tein, although oats or barley are
ing stock at a minimum cost the good for such purpose but rolled,
local farmer is in a position to Prof. Fitts impressed upon them
profit by what he has learned the necessity of shelter for dairy
during the week. stock in order to get best results.
Prof. E. K. Fitts. assistant to 1)airy Ml will not do well un
less properly and comfortably
sheltered. He went further in
to this subject by discussing the
raising of calveB in order to in-
A greater crea8e the efficiency of the dairy
in dairvinir nera proper ration for the grow-
Market Report.
Centrally Located, Good Clean
Meals, Comfortable Rooms,
Clean and Sanitary Beds
First Class Bar In Connection dive Me A Call
We have oonfincd our business entirely to the
White Front where we are prepared to care
for our customers better than ever before
Baled Hay and Grain for Sale at Market
Price. Good Hay in Stack $4.50 Per Ton.
Delivered in Burns, $6.50 Per Ton
Burns-Vale Stage Line
:tl Hour Si In dull- from Kail road
Close Connections Made With Trains East
Cofor table Conveyances for Prssengers.
Fare, $10. Careful Attention and Prompt
Delivery of Express and Freigha Entrust
ed to Our Care. Freight 2 l-2e. Per Pound.
R. J. McKinnon & Son
Receipts for last week at the
1'ortland Union Stock Yards
were: Cattle 1276. Calves 3,
Hogs 3403, Sheep 6102.
In the cattle division, bulk of
best grain fed steers offering
sold from $7.70 to $6.85 and one
load brought $8.00. Not much
choice, hay fed stock was in evi
dence. Butcher cattle trade was
firm only for cows of which there
was a liberal showing. Best
ones realized $6.50 to $6 75, with
the usual discount on lesser
grades. Bulls sold up to $6.60
and were unsteady. Receipts
were large Monday, when more
stuff arrived than the total for
the other five days.
swine market not only main
ed firmness but strengthened its
position five to ten cents. Sever
al hundred choice liarht hoire
brought $8.60 during the first
three days but the bulk was an
$8.50 to $8.55 affairs. Killers
from all over the Northwest were
in the Yards for hogs and busi
ness was extremely brisk. The
close was steady to firm, $8.50
to $8.60.
Sheep house transactions were
confined mostly to Monday and
Tuesday. Good grain wethers
were scarce but a liberal offering
of ewes selling from $3,50 to
4.75 according to quality prevent
ed stagnation in the mutton de
partment. Lamb market steady
to stronger this week with best
quality selling at 6.65 (off cars)
Receipts were not so large as a
week ago.
Prof. Potter of the animal hus
bandry department, conducted
the course in that branch and
imparted much valuable informa
tion to those present
interest was shown
than anv other hranrh ulthmioh " animal, the period of fresh-
the hog and beef industry is mn which should be in the
most profitable and followed Ml to be most profitable) and
more in this section at present, answered many questions pro-
Prof. Fitts strongest point landed after he had finished
throughout the week in dis ussing the lecture.
Tlio tfitlr
.!: . . . . . ..," "- "
uuierence oi more man a cent County Rod and Gun Club was does not permit any shooting in
a pound in favor of the 200 pound held at Tonawama Tuesday after- the spring but allows it open
noon immediately following the much later in the fall than is
afternoon session of the short necessary. On account of our
course lectures and officers for peculiar situation as compared to
the ensuing year were elected, other sections, climatic conditions
J. M. Dalton is the new presi- being different, it is p s-ible we
dent of the Club; Ernest Musick, may Jfet favorable action on the
vice president; Grovcr Jameson, request for some spring shoot
secretary; Ludwig Johnson, Trea- '"IT
surer and assistant secretary.
The proposition of amending Sett,ere Going to
the constitution to provide for Harney Valley.
yearly dues and also the proposal
io u.c me secretary on a salary Nearly every train into this
were discussed and it was decid- pace brings from one to I dozen
ed to continue the organization new peope who are KoillJ? into
as in the past without any dues Harney Valley and other interior
and the secretaries to devote Valleys to make their future
what time they could to it with- home. They have chosen this
oui compensation, it was con- way because it is the
siuereu tne organization would
be a greater benefit by not im
posing dues as the membership
is large and covers a great area
Of the county, thus with mem
bers in harmony with the organi
zation tne game would receive
better protection and the under-1
taking of the organization to in-
pig well fattened, over old hogs.
"As a general practice it is
well to put growing pigs through
rapid gains, although there are
two sides to the question. If
the pig is crowded to his capacity,
he wasts a larger proportion of
the nutrients that he consumes,
though his maintance costs leas
in the aggregate since he is kept
a shorter period of time. Like
wise the desirable high finish is
not secured on pigs which made
gams slowly, for the food is con
sumed in growth instead of fat
tening. Such animals do not
bring the satisfactory price that
is secured for a plump, well fin
ished porker of smaller size."
stock was the necessity of using
pure bred sires in all cases. It
is not so necessary to have the
female pure bred but a good
grade is desirable to bring them
up to profitable untility. He
One very interesting period of
the course has been the testing
of milk. This has been conduct
ed by the farmers themselves
under the instruction of Mr.
lxjedy and Prof. Fitts. This is
advocated a medium weight tyie quite important work in connec
of draft stallion at first as re- tion with dairying as with a test
suits will be more uniform in er the dairyman may know just
greeting good type of draft colts what each animal is doing and
from the ordinary mares of this whether profitable or not. It
country that may later be bred also assists in connection with
up to a larger type. However, proper ration for the animal,
the use of heavy sires on small Such practical instruction is what
mares would not bring the uni- is appreciated by the farmer and
form colts.
Timothy hay is the ideal feed
for horses according to Prof.
Fitts but wild hay is good, re
quiring more of the grain ration
to balance than on timothy Oats
are preferable but barley is a "The self-feeder is a result of
good ration for working animals. an ttmtt to decrease tho lhor
Poland - China, Duroc - Jersey ,.,., in..iHnttnnnrk nrofWtinn "
and Berkshire are the best adapt- HayH professor G. R. Sampson of
ed breeds of hog for this country. .h,. Animnl HuahatuUra api.
The first named are best for ment, Oregon Agricultural Col-
quick maturity and fattening i0Kt- "The increased cost of
qualities, the only drawback to ittDor JB an ajded problem in pro-
the breed being the small litters. ntabe 8Wine feeding. Indeed
Again Prof. Fitts brought out the problems have increased so
tne uesiraniiuy ot pure bred faH, that there
(Continued on page 2)
Method of Feeding
Swine for Fattening
CliambarUin'i Cough Reatady
Rev. Jgtncs A. Lewis, Milaca,
Minn., writes: "Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy has been a need
ed and welcome guest in our
home for a number of years. I
highly recommend it to my fel
lows as being a medicine worthy
of trial in cases of cold cough
and croup. " Give Chamberlains
Cough Remedy a trial and we
are confident you will find it very
effectual and continue to use it
as occasion requires for years to
come ii u mnnv otlicru have Hnna
V For sale by all dealers.
sires, as in all classes of stock.
Select brood sows from big lit
ters and robust stock. Wheal
and barley is best feed for hogs
with the former most desirable,
but the latter is quite profitable
and may be cheaper, therefore
may be substituted when- most
available. Peas are also advocat
ed in quantity and the alfalfa
pasture is recommended for
growing pigs,
are as many for
us to solve as there were for our
"By use of the self-feeder a
correct ration can be put into the
bins to last a week or more as
soon as the lot of pigs are on full
feed. But slight attention need
be paid to feeding them for sev
eral days. An extension of the
system has been made with a
view to eliminating the labor of
mixing feed Several self-feed-
Frof. lutts discussed the sheep era are provided in which the
industry from the more intensive ground grains and tankage are
standpoint as he is not familiar placed so that the pigs are allow
with range conditions. He In- ed to balance their own rations,
pressed the growers with the This is a good idea for the pigs
necessity of proper care of ewes, make as economical use of their
at lambing time and discouraged feed taken in this cafeteria Btyle
the breeding of mutton to the as the frugal New England
detriment of the wool production, housewife makes of her limited
The Rarnboulett cross with the
Merino was advocated to Increase
size and not materially decrease
wool production. Cotswolds and
Lincolns were recommended as
"At the Oregon Station, self
feeders containing balanced ra
tions are fed and in several tests
have given grains more economi-
(From Our I'urtlam! Correspondent)
If plans formulated at the
meeting of the Oregon Irrigation
Congress in Portland last week
are carried out. all future irriga
tion work in Oregon will be
financed by bond issues and per
formed with the co-operation of
the Federal Government. While
there was considerable diversity
of opinion as to the character of
the security to back the bonds,
the manner of their redemption
and the methods for using
the money when secured, the
delegates were fully agreed that
the credit of the state must be
used and that full advantage
must be taken of the Govern
ment's offer of assistance. It
was freely predicted that the
Tumalo project, in Central Ore
gon, now in course of construc
tion, will be the last irrigation
work to be done by district taxa
tion in this state. Methods by
which speculators may be elimi
nated from irrigated sections and
lands and water rights Bold only
to men who will improve and
live on their farms were discuss
ed at length.
The rivers and harbors appro
priation bill, action upon which
was made public within the last
few days, includes amounts to be
used for improvement of Oregon
streams and harbors aggregating
$2,081,175, divided as follews:
Coos Bay. $50,000; Nehalem Bay,
$116,175; Coquille, $90,000; Celilo
Falls and Upper Columbia, $525,
000; Willamette and Columbia
Rivers. $300,000; Mouth of Col
umbia, $1,000,000.
That hogs are more profitable
in Hood River Valley than fruit
is the assertion of a rancher in
that section who last year mark
eted 130 animals for which he
received $2,755. Among the
porkers disposed of was one
weighing 720 pounds dressed.
said to be the largest ever raised
in that county.
Haw U Your Boilar?
It has been stated that a man's
stomach is his boiler, his body is
his engine and his mouth the fire
box. Is your boiler (stomach)
in good working order or is it so
weak that it will not stand a full
load and not able to supply the
needed energy to your engine
(body)? If you have any trou-
I ble with your stomach Chamber
lain's Tablets will do you good.
They strengthen and invigorate
the stomach and enable it to do
its work naturally. Many verv
remarkable cures of stomach
trouble have been effected by
them. For salo by all dealers.
s the most con
venient way to get into the Har
ney country as they have but a
short ride of some seventy miles
on the stage and have first class
accommodations both on the
stage and at the stopping places
en route.
There will no doubt be more
' Ji . ( t lnU nntOr tlwi i.iiii ei.lllill'''
t i i i a iix t lliv i n cvuil 1 1 Jf
t reduce new game birds and fish
would have a greater backing.
There was a report on the num
ber and probable condition of the
China pheasants, so many of and the fact that people are
west of here this year than in
any previous two years put to
gether. This is on account of the
encouraging railroad building
which were brought in and liber
ated last year, and it is found
that but few of them have lived
through the winter, at least but
few have been seen. It was also
hearing more about this wonder
ful country, and beginning to
understand the great things that
are in store for people who can
get homes in this section. Jun-
found they had scattered over a tura will be the gateway for the
large territory and were not con
fined to the preserve where most
of them were liberated. Several
broods of young were seen last
season and it is somewhat specu
lative as to whether these are
the birds that have survived the
winter or all the young were de
stroyed and the ones now in evi
dence older birds.
The officers elect are goinfr to
ask the government to give us a
people for some time, until at
least traffic is opened to River
side. Juntura Times.
The Beit Cough Medicine.
"I have used Chamberlains
Cough Remedy every since I have
been keeping house," says L. V.
Haines, of Marbury, Ala. "I
consider it one of the best reme
dies I ever used. My children
have all taken it and it works
like a charm. For colds and
whooping cough it is excellent."
short open season for migratory j For sale by all dealers
Strictly First Class. Splendid
Service, Fine Accomodations,
Commercial Headquarters
5ainpleRoom In Connection, Reasonable Rates
best types for mutton breeds as cal than has hand-feeding. The
both are long wool sheep and system has been tried with a
while they decrease the quality mixture of barley and tankage,
do not decrease the quantity. He wheat and tankage, and shorts
uiu nut ko iio uuiau as to ieeti- and tankage. The savin?
ing of sheep particularly as the
grower would be governed largely
by the number he had and what
breeds he was handling. Range
labor over that of hand feeding
was a considerable item in pro
ducing a hundred pounds of
Estrayed One red and white
muley cow branded a script fig
ure four or an oar lock on right
side came to my place in Drewsey
about three weeks ago. Owner
please come prove property, and
pay charges and for this adv.
F. J. Upton.
Daily Line, Burns and Prairie City
I III 1 lis
Canyon City .
Prairie City
Canyon City
ti ii in Canyon City
,., 7am Prairie City
2:30 p m
7 p in Hum
StM p in
1(1 a in
II noon
$ 6. 00
Fare, liurnn-Irairie
Round Trip,
Express Rates 2 1-2 Cents, Prairie to Burns
Is The Place to Trade
First: Promptness, accuracy and fair dealing.
Secend: We carry a well assorted stock of Drugs, Chemi
cals and Druggist Sundries.
Third: We guarantee every article we sell to be just as
represented or your money refunded.
If you are a customer of ours you know this. If not, be
come one and be convinced.
J. C. Welcome. Jr.