imrs- CITY OF BURNS The Biggest City In The Biggest COUNTY OF HARNEY County In The State Of Oregon I 1 he Biggest County In The State vr uregon, Best In The West I VOL. XXVI I BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON, FEBRUARY 14, 1914 NO. 1 r s w mtnlb. AGRICULTURAL SHORT COURSE NEXT WEEK Program of The Week Published For Benefit of Those Interested. Sub jects Cover Entire Farm Industry of County. Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, Domestic Science LATEST DEVELOPMENT LEAGUE NOTES Df A IVFTIKTi U A D7rCTIMr AND MARKETING PEAS For the benefit of many who hogs. Judging light horses ar.d wish to attend the agricultural sheep. Judging dairy cattle. short course which opens next Judging beef cattle. Monday morning, the program Note -A period for each of the for the entire week is published above subjects every day. The below. By consulting this one first subject in each division on may ascertain what day or i von- Monday the second Tuesday, etc. inK any particular subject is to Illustrated Lectures for Even (1'ioin Our I'm iliiml Correspondent) Leaving Portland the morning of Thursday, February 19, a spe cial train will be run over the line of the Oregon Electric carry ing a party of 126 or more boost ers, representing practically every line of business in this sec tion, to attend a great convention at Eugene for the purpose of stimulating interest in the "Buy- your- ticket - through - Oregon movement which was inaugurat ed several weeks ago throughout the whole state. The train will probably stop at all the impor tant towns en route for the pur pose of taking on all who care to when Most Profitable Method of Harvesting And Marketing is Feeding to Hogs. Estimated Produce $1.00 Worth of Pork for Every Bushel of Peas and Leave Land in Fertile Condition BY L R. BREITHAUIT. In former articles on field pens, it was brought out that the Gold- ling Meeting (40 minutes) - Mon day, types and breeds of horses; Tuesday, types and breeds of hogs and sheep; Thursday, types and breeds of dairy cattle; Fri day, types and breeds of beef cattle. DOMESTIC SCIENCE COURSE. Monday P. M. Lecture -Care Mmy and the daily subjects in of the sick room. Mrs. Dolman; tach are proposed : Demonstration Hot Breads. Course in Soils- The compost- Mrs. Calvin. ion of Soils; the important physi- Tuesday A. M.-Demonstra- and chemical qualities ot soils; Uon Cooking for the si. k. Mrs. be taken up: AGRONOMY PROGRAM. For the Agronomy work, four Ihours perday would be required (preferably one hour in the morn ling, two hours in tne aiternnon, land one hour in the avening. Under this arrangement the following four courses in Agro make the trip. The Eugene uwnmerciai uuo will make ar- en Vine and Prussian Blue, ex rangements to entertain at least 1,000 delegates. That the movement is already having a good effect is indicated by the statement by the Pacific Coast representative of the Pen nsylvania Lines that probably 90 percent ot tne ban rraeisco wheat under travel in ivio win include uregon ditions. The as a part of its itinerary. The convention at Eugene will be I held for the purpose of laying plans to induce that travel to take advantage of stopover pri- leges in a great number of Ore gon towns instead of in the one large city. dc necesaarv in double up i In' the chief soil types of central )regon their qualities, use and handling; judging soils; alkali oils and their treatment; mam- ining and improving soil fertility. Course in Crops Dry farming crops; growing tne wneatcrop; jarley, oats, emmer ar.d rye; field peas; alfalfa in rows; main lining and improving soil I fertility. Course in Tillage Practices Soil moisture; moisture conserva tion; dry tarmmg tillage; soil Mowing and hard pans; handling rrigated lands. Note A period for each of the kbove subjects every day. The Irst subject in each division on lonrlay the second Tuesday, etc. Course in Evening Lantern Calks. Some college dry farm- crops; machinery for the sntral Oregon farmer; the use id value ot tarm manures; liodern agricultural edueation. MAL AND DAIRY HUSBANDRY. Breeding, feeding and manage lent of horses. Breeding, feed ig and management of hogs. breeding, feeding and manage lent of sheep. Breeding, feed sg and management ot dairy ittle. Breeding, feeding and lagement of beef cattle. lutter making on the farm. fudging draft horses. Judging Dolman. Afternoon, Lecture The growing girl. Mrs. Calvin; Demonstration Miss Cowgill, home dressmaking. Wednesday A. M. Demonstra tion New ways of using dried fruits. Mrs. Calvin. Afternoon, Lecture Bandaging. Mrs. Dol man ; Demonstration - Deserts. Thursday A. M. -Demonstration-Food for the convalescent. Mrs. Dolman. Afternoon -LectureEmergencies. Mrs, Dol man. Demonstration The use of canned food. Mrs. Calvin. Friday A. M. Demonstration Salads. Mrs. Dolman. After noon, 1 .ecture Feeding the school children. Mrs. Calvin. Demonstration Meat Cookery. Mrs. Calvin. Saturday A. M. - Demonstra tion School luncheons. Mrs Calvin. Afternoon. Demonstra tionCakes and cake making. Mrs. Dolman. The above program will be varied to suit the wishes of the ladies in attendance at the meet ing and each day from 15 to 30 minutes will be given to answer ing any questions that may have been placed in the question box. This question box will be answer ed at the close of the afternoon meeting. With a capital stock of $641, the Corvallis Cannery, operated by the Benton County Growers' Association, did a business of $66,000 in 1913. The establish ment packed 17,860 cases of fruits and vegetables, making 38 carloads of 36.000 lbs each. Growers received approximately $12,000 for raw material. Out of a total Government ap propriation of $23,460,000 for carrying on reclamation work. Oregon receives $1,220,136. Of cept that these are sometimes sold under other names, are about all the varieties of field pens now inches obtainable commercially. Yields of these varieties on the Station have been given. They have been contrasted in yields with like dry Inud con broadcast method of seeding has been compared with the double row method And the danger from frosts has a neen discussed. We will now order to mulch the surface of the take up the growinir and dis- toil and dWrov anv vnnnrsa ,U posal of the field pea crop, both coming oa This may suffice in on irrigated and dry land and the way of cultivation, but it is with the two varieties already likely that one OT two Cultivations mentioned in mind, hoping, how- between the rows will be of ever, that before very long that benefit These cultivations should the Experiment Station will have be given with a shallow working determined upon better varieties Cultivator K that a mulch will he and that the seed will have been maintained to conserve moisture increased to such an extent as to without going deep enough to give every one interested in the destroy the plant roots. The The seed should be placed deeply Into the Ml. One cause of failure with (his crop is the shallow planting of tan given It The seed should be placed at a depth of from three to four In order to get the seed SO deep it ma some .soil; lo springs on the drill parts used m seeding by removing springs from the unused parts. Of Course, the land should be well disced before seeding is done. .nisi heiore the peas come up harrowing should be given in crop a start. Field peas can he grown upon about any land in the County that will produce other spring cropB. They should never be planted on land that overflows or becomes very wet at the sur- Tonawama tonight. this amount about $600,000 wilL ,uce ut"cU!. "'" planted very be extended on the Wt lima. !t,arlv' tnev wi" drown out. Land tilla project, nearly the same amount on the work jointly being carried on by the Government and state, and the balance will be allotted to the Klamath pro ject. The good roads excitement has invaded Polk County. The Dal las Commercial Club is making an effort to secure a bond issue of not less than $600,000, with which, it is figured, practically nil the riti.'s nf t In. coiinl u i-mi I... connected bv a hard HUrfftPfl ' field peas mature, it is not ad road jVisable for any one who has ir- " i rigated or otherwise cold land to The Santa Clara PoUto Grow-; Dinnt them. On tha .l.i u er's Association of farmers near 0f iana tne (;0den Vilu v,mo, peas should not be cultivated at all after the) begin to blossom for it is detriment t' the plants to be bruised about after they have reached this size. The method pf harvesting will depend upon the way in which the grower intends to dispose of the crOD. In ease he wishes that is to be planted to field pees to produce seed edtirely, the peas should always be prepared in the ean be cut with a mower or self fall. Spring plowing can scarcely rake reaper In some instances. be done in time to plunt the crop In order to work these implc- when it should be planted and is meats, the land must be pretty a poor way to farm anyway, free from pieces of brush and the The man who plants any kind of POM must not be too rank, Where a crop on spring plowing is al- the vines are very rank, the WBys behind time and gets poo- ordinary buck rake with a Strong pay for his work because he gets wire woven about the teeth near small crops. the points will do good work in Owing to the lateness with pulling and bunching the vines. which the Prussian Blue variety Where neither of these method.-. THE BURNS HOTEL DELL DIBBLE, Prop. Centrally Located, Good Clean Meals, Comfortable Rooms, Clean and Sanitary Beds First Class Bar In Connection. Give Me A Call Eugene, has just sold three car loads of spuds at 80 cents per cwt. and are holding from 12 to 14 carloads for better prices. The association was organized for the purpose of developing better potatoes, for co-operation in fighting disease and insects and to aid its members in secur ing better prices. will work, the hay rake with strong boards bolted about six inches from the ends of the teeth will pull and bunch the peas pretty well. But, ordinarily, the farmi i who grows oeas will keen some hogs to clean up the ground after he has harvested What seed he wants for his own use and to sell. With him it is not essential It is absolutely necessary that l,,al llu' ground be entirely clean- peas be planted earlv. The seed ''ll "' 'U8- ,le lil" use any mellioii Dial turned upon the Mas Young bogs, and other animal too, make i tter gains In pro portion to the amount of feed consumed than do old animals. A hunch of thrifty young hogs turned upon pea patch will re turn more clear money to the drj land farmer, and the wet land farmer too no doubt, ihan he can obtain from most annual crops. From the time the pijfs go on the peas until the time they are marketed, they .should be given all they will eat A pig should always have all be will eat. If he is to bea money making machine. t Stunted nigs are alwavs mwa at a loss. A hog should weigh two hundred pounds at seven months of age and be in condi tion for the market. Farmers who grow hogs on starvation rations and market them at two .... i,.... j . wi mite juurn oi age never Know I what it takes to produce such an agricultural monslrocity or it would never be dona. Following are the results of a hogging oir test made with Gold en Vine pet upon a dry tract of land. The peas were produced under summer fallow conditions. tney probably yielded al.ooi thirteen bushels per acre. An, i finishing tiM pea patch they were finished up on cracked peas and wheat, two parts of peas to ti- of wheat, and the results are also given. Number of pigs Uj initial weight of pigs, ,s 788 Initial weight each pig lbs 62.61 Initial cost of pigs 868,16 Date turned on peas .July 2", Hate taken otf peas Oct. 3 Weight when taken off, lbs 1586 Gain in weight from peas lbs 7 Hi nnmoer oi acres ot peas 4.26 Gain in pounds per acre 17,r.r Value of peas per acre $16.82 Pounds of cracked peas con sumed in finishing hogs Founds of cracked wheat consumed finishing hogs Gain in weight of hogs, lbs I eas at three cents, wheat per hundred s ;., Peas and wheat ligun d equal, per hundred l'.h; These hogs averaged just about two hundred pounds each. Iiv weight, and were about i u v n months old. Fourteen of (hem weighed 277S pounds alive and ANNOUNCEMENT OF EX TENSION OF RAILROAD President Farrell Says Oregon & East ern Will be Extended West From Juntura as Far as Possible During Year. Expected to Reach Harney Valley Before The Work Ceases Hie announcement 0f President Farrell of the O.-W K &, N. that the Oregon ft Eastern Railroad would be extended west from Juntura verifies the confident prediction of several local men that the lino would be puthed to Harney Valley this veer Last Thursday'! Cortland Journal says: Between 85.600,000 and .. 000.000 has been authorized by . he directors of the Union Pacific system for improvement, ofi the O.-W. K. & N. This covers almost Mtatlo tho nou,.! asked for in the budget prepared by President J. D. Farrell and Vice President J. P. O'Brien and sent to New York on New Year's da . This news was brought back to Portland today by Mr. I'.inell himself, who has been in New York nearly three weeks In consultation with the directorate. The money is to be dis tributed In general improvement of the lines in Oregon and Washington It does not include any expenditures that may be entailed by prospective new lines, for which snecial atmro- priationj are to be made. It does Include, however, provision for the extension of the Central Oregon line, which is being built westward from ale. and is now operated as far west as Juntura. This work, Mr. Fan-ell announced, will be pushed beyond Riverside as far as possible. What is Your Income? be by certified check, money or der or draft. Personal checks Only a few days left in which cannt be accepted. to Ale your income tax statement. Partnerspips as such are not Applications for blanks can be uotrevuired to make income re made to any bank or Coimtv turns, but the members eomnris- 1036 lo:M llo Milton A. Miller. al Revenue, Port- dr. ssed out 8676 pounds. coinage ot :).. values are flgur ed above at this rate. Such 1 should be used, leaving the Prus sian Blue for those having sandy or foothill soils of warmer nature, upon which this variety will do very well. THE WHITE FRONT LIVERY, FEED AND SALE STABLE We have oonfincd our business entirely to the White Front where we are prepared to care for our customers better than ever before HORSES FED FOR 20c PER HEAD AND UP Baled Hay and ( imin for Sale at Market Prices. Good Hay in Stack $4,50 Per Ton. Delivered in Burnt, $6,50 Per Ton The Burns-Vale Stage Line .(6-II our Schedule from Railroad Close Connections Made With Trains East. Cofortable Conveyances for Prseengers. Fare, $10. Careful Attention and Prompt Delivery of Express and Freigha Entrust ed to Our Care. Freight 2 l-2c. Per Pound. R. J. McKinnon & Son BURNS, - OREGON Market Report. Receipts for the week have been cattle 1276, calves 3, hogs 3403. sheep 6102. Cattle liquidation liberal on Monday but very light the re mainder of the week and outlet somewhat improved for limited quantities of choice light grain and hay fed steers and two loads at $7 80 Monday featured. Bulk for six days sold $7 26 and $7 50 butcher stuff slow. Small sud ply of cows, bulls heifers etc. All prices steady at the close. Swine trade had sensational rise this week. Prices jump from $8 10 to $8 40 and $8 50. Bulk of light hogs sold $8 15 and $8 35 but several sales at the higher figures were made. An extreme ly short supply, eager demand for live hogs by killers all over the coast, severe cold weather East of the mountains scarcity of finished stock ready for ship ment were the principal factors having an influence of the mar kets aviation. Sheep house activities was in its first power Monday and Tuesday, drain fed wether sales off cars at $5 75 and ewes at $4 65 featured. Lamb top was $6 50 with a considerable quanti ty offered. Trade is weak for poor grade mutton but seems to run to fancy choice quality. Re ceipts have been about twenty percent less than for same period a week ago. of seed per acre is ample, forty five pounds on dry land and sixty high percentage of dressed meal Is very rare and would hardly h. believable without a look al the hogs. These hogs were pro nounced oy Mr. Hansen, manag er of the Hums Packing Plant, B "The best hogs 1 have ever seen in quality of the meal and in the small amount of waste." They surely were solid meat of One qualitjr, showing well that MR od pork can be grown here as from corn, anil at a profit. In conclusion let it be said thai peas are well adapted to the cli mate; that they are adapted to dry land com! it ions; that they can grow in competition with any other crop so far as yield is con cerned; that they are of high. 1 feeding value than the graini ; that they enrich the soil Upon which they grow; that there is a present market for the crop turned into hogs; and thai tin crop should be considered as one of the most, if not the most, im portant annual for this coumv. Treasurer or to Collector Inton land. Oregon. Penalty of $20 to $1000 for failure to Ale returns on or be fore March I 1. Fine not exceeding $2000 or 'information to M. A. Miller, imprisoniiK m not exceeding one lector, rortland Oregon year or boil) ai the discretion of the court for making a false or fraudulent return. liven person having a net in come of $3000 or over for calen dar year ($2500 for year li13) ' IllUSt make a return! : wino-l.. The Be.t Cough Medicine. I ' person is allowed an exemntion "I have used Chamberlain's "i $800band a married person Cough Remedy every since I have $4000. (For year 1913, March 1 been keeping house," says L. C. to December 31, the exemption Hames, of Marbury, Ala. "I allowed is $2600 or $3388. 33. consider it one of the best rome- All payments due on your in- aies ever use(j- My children nave au taicen it ana it works like a charm. For colds and ng the firm providing their in dividual incomes reach $3000 ($2500 for 1913) or over are to make returns. If in doubt regarding any part of the law regulations write for Col- 'gon. ror yearli13, the law operates only from March 1 to Decern I er 31 so the incomes, deductions and exemptions are figured accordingly. come may be remitted at once or .ou cm nave uuiii ,iune ;ui in u,!,,. mi, ui. vn., It to pay. Payment must For sale by all dealers. win Tonawama tonight. germinates at a low temperature """W Uli" win .10 rapid work and the nen o-rnw ihirimr..ol in gathering t he .eas. weather better than during hot Pans can be threshed hy the weather. If theplanting is made ordinary grain separator. A pea late tne vines may not set pods - miouiu no uaeu ami tne at all because of the blasting of cylinder pulley should be lagged the flowers during hot weather; Up BO as to run at half speed. and they may not ripen the pods A" but a lew of the concave set because of being caught in u lt'''ln abouW be removed and fall frost while yet green. Field uhoul half ol the cylinder teeth, peas should be planted during the '" this way the peas are not fore part of April, never later t'-ilL'k,,l but are well cleaned be then the twentieth of April, eauiil the cleaning part of the From fortyfive tolxty pounds machine continues to run at the normal speed. Hut we must not pass over tin- on the wet lands, most important method of dis- rianting should bf done with' BOSing oi the pea crop. Pen seed the grain drill. Most drills do sells well, fifty dollars per acre not crack the peas, though some being quite possible on any dry do. If the drill cracks the peas, land at present prices, There is it should not be sued hut another a possibility of a market for peal drill obtained in someway. Crack- for the production of split peas ed peas seldom grow. Hy closing BJ are u-i in soups. A pea can up three of the holes of the drill nery is another possibility in the and leaving two open etc. the way ol s market tor ibis emu peas can be placed in double rows Hut the certain market for all about twenty eight inches apart, time is the hog. Planted in rows in this way, the When the mn m m b f.i fl peas can be cultivated if neces- hogs, there hj ,, worry about sary to kill weeds or to maintain harvesting and threshing and inuiui uii uib nun bu uiui (oere kimimi processes with all the will be as little loss of moisture expenses attached. The grain by evaporation from the soil as farmer pays out a nigh percent possible. The conservation of ugj of the value of his crop in the moisture so that the crop gets tin.: lung bills etc. Peas ure the full benefit from the moisture harvested and turned into u hid, in the soil probably accounts for priced product aaav ofm1..-u..iin,r il !.. 11 . ; -- ,vv,,,a llo, lllllllkH III.. ,l.i . . L 11 t - '" i jriciuo 10 ue gotten oy siiiiuiv urnintr ho in m th.. ure lour or an our o,.k ,,,, ..;,.., ,.,, , " ne" ,)UU'"- llw ,mtfs Uo u cleaner side came to my place in I Irewsey drilled m all over the ground, job than uny harvesting imple- about three weeks ago. Owner ,... .un. WBU aiu in KciuiiK inoiit mat can . ver be devised, please come prove m-onei-tv. and THE FRENCH HOTEL DAVID NEWMAN, Prop. trictly First Class. Splendid service, Fine Accomodations, C mmercial Headquarters 11 pie Room In Connection, Reasonable Rates BLUE MT. STAGE CO. Daily Line, Burns and Prairie City How it Your Boiler? It has been stated that a man's stomach is his boiler, his body is his engine and his mouth the fire box. Is your boiler (stomach) in good working order or is it so weak that it will not stand a full load and not able to supply the needed energy to your engine (body)? If you have any trou ble with your stomach Chamber lain's Tablets will do you good, They strengthen and Invigorate tne stomach and enable it to do un worn naturally, many very remarkable cures of stomach trouble have been effected by them. For sale by all deah rs. F.strayed One red and white muley cow branded a script liu- li a m 7 am .'ill p in 7pm AKKIVK 1 aiiMin City PraMsCMy Hum-. . . . SCHEDULE: i.kayi: lilll II . (an. 1111 i tj Praii ii' 1 1 j (aa.MHi ii Fare, liurnM-Prairie City, Hound Trip, Exprt Units 2 1-2 Cents, Prairie to Hums PLEASANT, SCENIC ROUTE ALL THE WA L. WO' DENBERG.aProp. :.'!() p in 10 .1 in 1 ' nooi $ H. 00 11.00 THE pay charges and for this adv. P. J. Upton. sunngnt to tne vines, thus bring- They will produce ubout one ing about a bushy growth with dollars worth of pork for every pods well distributed over the bushel of pats In the field and hIiik 1. hint iii...'.l ,.1' ;.,,. .. 1 I 1 aL 1 11 - " iuuijuomi,uiu loavo tne ianu 111 a good state of I Kitmur .,if,,ifu ,, .u j vine tip as in the case of the fertility. Sahrf-I ! 7. E LW.!Wfc' " d crowded thick seeding. ' m yELCQME PHARMACY Is The Place to Trade -WHYH First: Pronipli et, accuracy and fair dealing. Secend: We carry a well aisorted stock of Drugs, Chemi cals and Druggist Sundries. Third: We guarantee every article we sell to be just as represented or your money refunded. If you are a customer of ours you know this. If not, be come one and be convinced. J. C. Welcome. Jr.