The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, January 31, 1914, Image 1

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The Bigg-eat County In The State
The Bigffwt City In The Biggest
County In The Stat Of Oregon I
T 3
Of Oregon, Best In The Weit
NO. 12
T 1
1 , 111 I "I'd
J I I" I , 1 ! I I
rHia -r r " r
Suggestion That Subject be Given Some
Attention During The Agricultural
Short Course Next Month. Perma
nent Highways Great Asset to The
Farmer. Transcontinental Route
Along with the education of
our fanners for better soil cul-
ture, conservation of moisture
and greater yields should be
carried an education of better
roads. Everywhere the good
roads movement is one of the
burning questions and there is a
determination to secure better
highways, as they go hand in
hand with farming and are as
essential as the railroads.
Since the county court of this
county has changed the method
of road supervision and placed a
competent man at the head of
th road building all over the
county we should get better re
sults. An effort should now be
made to make permanent high
ways and all the public roads
kept up in a manner that it will
not be necessary Tor the road
builders to spend each working
season in merely repairing me
roads and not making at least
some permanent road.
Good roads makes it possible
to market the farmers crops.
brings them closer to their city
friends, enhances the value of
their Dlaces and altogether brings
prosperity that could be obtained j
in no other way. Harney county
has good natural roads and it
will only be necessary to get the
bad places in shape to make them
srmanent We have all the
I necessary material for road build
ing and we should therefore use
it and be in the progressive ranks.
It has been suggested that
tie good road talks be made at
the coining short course to be
Iheld for the benefit of the farm
ers in this city next month. This
suggestion is good and if possi-
Ible such should be incorporated
in the course during the week
provided it can be done without
crificing the agricultural work.
Good road are very important
id are of more benefit to the
If armer than any other class of
CoL Thatcher, the good roads
advocate, who was to have ad-
iressed the citizens of this place
last fall but got "peeved" be
Icauae he was
not feated as he
Centrally Located, Good Clean
Meals, Comfortable Rooms,
Clean and Sanitary Beds
First Claa Bar In Connection. Qlve Me A Call
We have oonfined our business entirely to the
White Front where we are prepared to care
far our customers better than ever before. . .
Baled Hay and Grain for Sale at Market
Price. Good Hay in Stack $4;50 Per Ton.
Delivered in Bums, $6,50 Per Ton
The Burns-Vale Stage Line
36-Hour Schedule from Railroad
Close Connections Made With Trains East.
Cofortable Conveyances for Prseengers.
Fare, $10. Careful Attention and Prompt
Delivery of Express and Freigha Entrust
ed to Our Care. Freight 2 l-2c. Per Pound.
R. J. McKinnon & Son
.considered was his due and pulled
out without an explanation, has
recently statea me route oi me
transcontinental auto road would
be by way of Boise, Ontario,
Brogan and down the John Day
River to the Columbia. We can
just fool Col. Thatcher by bring
ing that route from Ontario
through this section and on
West, which is the natural way
and in fact the only feasible way
to reach Portland and Seattle
from New York. With good
roads from the east border of
Hamev county to the west all
the tourist travel will come this
way. This brings direct results
to the territory as no tourist is
going to hurry through a big
country like this without stop
ping to see it and make inquiry
respecting its possibilities.
Good roads will be an import
ant factor in developing this big
territory and along with our
local railroad organization we
should also take up wagon roads,
the two working in well together.
Revival Services Begin
In Burns on Febraary 8
It is now definitely settled that
the Union Revival Services of
the city will begin on Sunday,
February the 8th. At that time
Rev. J. B. Cleighton of North
Yakima, Washington, will begin
the services. On Friday the 13th
Revs. Lewis and Mathews both
noted singers and preachers will
join in the work for only two
Rev. Cleighton comes to us a
strong preacher. He was a col
lege president in Missouri for a
number of years and has a large
reputation in evangelistic work.
Lewis and Mathews are splendid
singers, and musicians. Their
music is a great attraction and
power in their work. They are
also both preachers. Buns will
have an opportunity to listen to
a company of strong, earnest
preachers of the gospel as she
has never listened to before.
We call upon our citizens to
turn out, and support this move-
ment for the moral and spiritual
betterment of the community.
The two churches have united
in a vigorous and expensive effort
to do our community good, to es
tablish Christian principles, and
train the young for a moral and
a religious life. Every citizen
should be interested in this un
selfish, Christian effort of our
city churches.
Important to Under
stand New Tax Law.
County Treasurer Miller has
been busy for some time mailing
out tax notices. The new law
differs from the old and taxpay
ers should notice the provisions
as it may save them trouble and
The new law does not provide
for any rebate and all taxes must
be paid before the first day of
April - hitherto one has had un
til the first Monday in April.
Further, all the tax must be paid
by that date or the penalty and
interest runs on the balance. The
old law provided that one-half
could be paid in April and the
privilege of paying the balance
on or before the first of October
was given. But this is not per
mitted under the new law. The
penalty runs against unpaid tax
es after the first of April at the
of one per cent per month until
The county treasurer is now
tax collector and Treasurer Miller
has secured the services of John
Loggau to assist him during the
Parcel Post Interferes in
Teaming Operations
Teamsters engaged in freight
ing in Nevada are suffering a
demoralization of their business
through the inroads of the parcel
post. Under the new 50-pound
parcel ruling a shipment of 60
cases of canned goods weighing
3800 poundH has been sent from
Winnemucca, Nevada, to Oroville
Oregon, a distance of 125 miles.
The postage on the shipment was
$21, while the cost of freighting
would have been $49. Com
petition by Uncle Sam was seri
ously felt under the twenty-
pound limit in a few localities,
but under the fifty-pound ruling
the mails are being freely used
to cover great distances with
merchandise of all sorts. - Fallon
Market Report.
Receipts for the week have
been Cattle-752. Calves-4, Hors-
4880. Sheep-5070.
Livestock receipts totaled con
siderably less this week than last
and business was not so brisk.
The cattle situation failed to clear
and on only one day, Monday,
was there any interest aroused.
A few cars of choice steers
brought $7.60 and a load of young
cows $6.75. Bulk of week's steer
sales averaged $7.00 to $7.25 and
cows $6.00 to $6.25. All other
butcher classes were slow and
principal cause of price weakness
was inferior beef duality and too
much of it.
The hog market maintained its
strength easily from beginning
to end. Prices never rose above
$8.05, but choice light stock
averaged around 8 cents all week.
A lot of swine that lacked prime
finish sold at lower prices, but
good quality pigs and smooth
heavy stuff found a quick sale at
steady prices. Receipts were
fairly liberal, but some 2000 less
than for same period last week.
Sheephouse trade was brisk
only in upoU as liquidation was
unsteady. Total arrivals were
smaller than for previous six
days. A good supply of prime
grain-fed mutton and lambs came
in the first part of the week.
Wethers sold at $5.86 and ewes
$4.76 "off cars." Umb buyers
gave $6.60 for the fancy grades
and were not over-supplled,
either. The market closed on a
weaker basis with a 10 to 15-cent
decline in all mutton lines.
Mrs. E. S. Sweek, the child's
tailor. Call und examine my
garments, styles and materials,
I will take your child's measure
for made to order suits, dresses,
aprons, rompers and bloomers,
from 2 to 7 year sizes. 11-14
We do job printing.
Comparative Results on Tests Made at
Experiment Station Favorable to
Peas as Dry Farm Crop. Double
Row Seeding Better Than Broad
cast According to Experiments
by I.. R. breitkaupt. s perhaps enough to pav for the
It is probably a truth beyond labor ' growing them and the
question that the best way to seed. Under the summer fallow
plant peas on dry land, and per- conditions there was not any dif
haps on wet land too. is in double ference in yield. However, the
rows about twenty eight inches l"1 were the best crop because
apart, thus allowing of cultiva- they were worth more per bushel
tion between the rows in order an they leave the land more fer
to conserve the moisture for the tile, beside the better moisture
him. of Ihp cron rather than allow conditions for succeeding crops.
it to escape by evaporation to
such an extent that the crop is
cut short before the pods are ful-
ly developed. It is believed that
a greater yield will be obtained
in this wiw on th. nverao-o. if
not in every instance. Another
point in favor of this method is
the residual moisture that is usu
ally left on the soil after the crop
is taken off. because of the mois
ture conserving methods used,
thus insuring better crops the
following year.
In order to test out the compa
rative results to be obtained from
planting peas in double rows as
against the regulation broadcast
or thick seeding tenth acre plats
of the (iolden Vine variety were
planted at the rates and with the
results tabulated belew:
Rate of Seeding Yield
45 lbs broadcast 14. 18
45 lbs double rows 1'.).72
75 lbs broadcast 18.25
120 lbs broadcast 21.80
While it will be seen from this
that the 120 pound seeding broad-
cast, and by broadcasting I mean
sowing through the drill with all
the running, gave about two
bushels per acre more yield, the
fact that it took almost that much
more seed per acre more than
offsets the difference, for seed is
much more valuable than the
prospect of a crop, bushel for
bushel. Then too, there is a re-
sidual moisture left in the land
upon which the peas in rows
grow. With both of the lighter
broadcast set-dings a lighter
yield than with the rows was ob-
tained. Another fact that must
not be lost sight of in this con-
nection is that we had approxi-
mately two" and one-half times
more rainfall during the growing
season this past year than occurs
during the average growing sea-
oon, a thing that would be de-
cidedlyin favor of thicker seed-
ing and poor dry farming meth-
ods in general. On an average
season, the chances are that the
rows would have showed up
much better in comparison.
It is believed that field ieis
will make larger yields than the
cereals under trying conditions may be planted throughout the
of drought where the crop is growing season if desired,
otherwise adapted. That is to "por chickens it is one of the
say that peas will make a larger very best of green feeds and
yield of grain upon less moisture they prefer it to anv other. As
than wheat, oats or barley, when 8ummer pasture for sheep it is
the moisture supply is so one 0f the very best succu
limited that any of those crops ient8. Its vaue seeded with
will use all of it and more, if it corn for 'hogging off' is very
were available. In order to gain ' high.
some idea along these lines, tenth j "The rao ground should, of
acre plots of peas of the Golden course, be disked immediately
Vine variety were planted on after the stock is removed. It is
land that was fallowed and upon t.Hpecially important not to allow
land that was not fallowed but it to go to seed at any time since
had grown wheat the year before, like mustard, the sied will per
to compare with this, tenth acre 8jat jn the soil a long time, vol
plpts of durum wheat of the Ku- unteering in other crops,
banka variety were planted un- "Rape is also one of the more
der the same conditions. The valuable crops for use as a green
results follew: manure. It does not increase
Wheat after wheat, 3.38 bu per a the total nlant food suniilv of th
Peas after wheat, 9.50 bu per a
Wheat on fullow,
Peas on fallow,
It will be seen
16 bu per a
16 bu per a
from this that
the greatest thing in favor of the
peas was their performance un
the most trying conditions. This
land upon which the wheat had
grown the preceding year was
moist only to a depth of twelve
inches at the time the crops ground to rape and the quickness
were planted in this experiment. wjth which the crop grows and
To suplement this we had good the fact that they may be plant
rains during the summer or else e(j nearly any season of the year
there would have been no wheat '
at all upon this land with but one
winter's moisture; but there
would have been a few pea,
Perhaps the test was not exactly
Mr because of the variety of
wheat used. While the Kubanka
wheat is a great droughth resist-
er. it haa shown itself unadapted
our climate uecause oi me
ease with which the heads are
frosted. Because of this it is
below the average In yield of
the wheats tried out on the Sta
tion this past year. To offset
this fact, it must be remembered
that the Golden Vine peas also
showed themselvea to be no bet
ter than the average among the
varieties of peaH tried out. A
case of second class wheat
against second class peas.
How to grow and dispose of
this crop, together with some
thing of the cash returns that
may bi expected from the pro
duction of field pens will be dis
cussed in the next article.
Pape a Valuable Crop
In Eastern Oregon
"Rape is a very valuable crop
in Eastern and Central Oregon,"
said Professor H. D. Scudder,
agronomist, Oregon Agricultural
College. "It iB hardy to cold
and a very quick grower. It
may be grown in rows and culti-
vated so that moisture can be
conserved. It makes the very
best of pasturage for sheep.
chickens, brood sows, and grow-
ing pigs, and the cost of prepara-
tion and seeding is very light
'Rape may be seeded very
early in the spring the fore
part 0f April in the Columbia
Basin and the latter part of that
m0nth in Central Oregon. The
Owarf Essex rape sown in rows
about three feet apart, using two
or three pounds of seed per acre,
on ground that has been prepar-
ed and manured as for corn, will
Kjvc excellent pasture in six or
ejffht weeks after planting, when
jt j8 eight to ten inches high. A
aecond planting two weeks after
the first will bring another crop
.. little inter and thus prolong
the pasturing Beason. On irri-
gated lands, of course, this crop
will yield more abundantly, and
soil as do the legumes, but be-
cause of the large amount of I
nitrogen and pottasaium it draws
fr0m the soil, when plowed under I
as a green manure it leaves these t is not altogether impossible,
plant foods in the form of organ- If others can be eured perman
ic matter, which quickly decays ent'y. and thousands have been,
and becomes available for the hy not you? John R. Barker,
use of other crops. Added to 'of Battle Creek, Mich., is one of
this, the very low cost of seeding
makes it peculiarly desireable
for use as a green manure."
Tonawama tonight
(I'rijin Our Portland Correspondent)
Railroads in the Northwest are
beginning to advertise the
Spring colonist rates which Will
be in effect for 32 days beginning
with March 15. The rates will
be the same as in former seasons,
$33 from Chicago, $30 from Mis
souri Riyer points and $25 from
the Colorado region. Although
the reduced rates will be advertis
ed to a considerable extent, the
roads state they will make no
special effort to induce organized
parties of homeseekers to come
They state that heretofore the
low rates have been taken ad
vantage of by wage-earners,
principally, and that but few
bona fide homeseekers are gen
erally included in the large part
ies that come out each Spring
and Fall. Genuine would-be
settlers will come at any time of
the year without waiting for
special rates.
The beys and girls of Oregon
who will earnestly strive to make
themselves proficient in potato
growing, raising corn, vegetables
lor pigs, sewing, cooking and
baking, or in keeping farm and
dairy accounts may find them
selves entitled to a reward well
worthy their best efforts. The
Agricultural College, co-operating
with the State Superinten
dent of Schools, is planning to
give to at least two boys from
each county in the state a trip to
Salem for the entire week of the
State Fair. In addition, at least
ten of the highest scoring prize
winners will have all their ex
penses paid on a visit to the
Panama-Pacific Exposition at
San Francisco next year. It is
expected that industrial clubs
will be organized in nearly all
the i In i I.- of the state and these
clubs will be entitled to bulletins
and information and advice of
every sort regard ing anv line of
work they may decide to take up.
In the gardening contest frac
tional tracts must be cultivated
and accurate records of every
detail of the work and its results
must be kept It is hoped that
a large percentage of all the
school children in the state will
take part in this contest
The annual short course in
agriculture and its allied inter
ests will be held in Burns from
February 16 to 21 inclusive . A
special effort will be made to as
sist the new settlers who have
come from other states and have
found climatic conditions to which
they are not accustomed. The
Burns Commercial Club will ar
range for suitable halls in which
to hold meetings and also to care
for visitors from distant parts
of the county.
A meeting of the Salem Com
mercial Club has recently been
held for the purpose of launch
ing a systematic- campaign for
the exploitation of the logan
berries for which the Willamette
Valley is becoming famous. It
is said that the berries reach a
greater perfection in this valley
than anywhere else in the world,
but with a constant increase in
their production without a cor
responding expansion of a de
mand, it is imperative that steps
be taken to keep the industry in
its present profitable condition.
It is probable that samples of
the berries, dried or otherwise
preserved, will be sent to big
steamship lines and to hotels
and Summer resorts where the
demand will certainly grow as
the fruit becomes known.
Ku Stomach Trouble Ov.r.
Mr. Dyspeptic, would you like
to feel that vour stomach troubles
were over, that you could eat any
kind of food you desired without
That may seem so un-
likely to you that you do not even
hope for an ending of your trouble
but permit us to assure you that
them. He says, "I was troubled
with heartburn, indigestion, and
liver complaint until I used
Chamberlain's Tablets, then my
trouble was over." Sold by all
Don't miss the picture
grams at Tonawama.
North and South Line to Connect With
Through Road to San Francisco is
Planned. Resolutions Put up to
Commercial Club and The Citizens.
The Route Selected Feasible One
Having noted how some -farmers
in Montana had planned
building a railroad themselves by
organizing locally and securing
assistance from people along the
proposed line of road and financi
ers at other points, C. A. Hawley
and a few friends called a meet
ing of a few men of this city last
Saturday evening and placed the
matter of Burns taking the initia
tive and building a railroad to
the south to connect with a
through line to San Francisco.
There were not many at this first
meeting but it was considered
such a good proposition that a
committee was appointed to make
further investigation of the feasi
bility of the scheme and to get
up a set of resolutions to submit
at a later meeting. The com
mittee consisted of three of those
prebent at the meeting, C. A.
Hawley, A. O. Faulkner and Sam
Muthershead; to these was added
the names of J. L. Gault and L.
M. Brown. Upon meeting later
this committee decided to con
sult with the executive committee
of the Commercial Club with the
result that these gentlemen join
ed in forming the resolutions to
be submitted. The resoulutions
submitted follew:
"We. your committee, appoint
ed for the purpose of inquiring
further into the merits of a pro
posed railroad to be constructed
from this place to some point to
the southward, probably in the
state of Nevada, where connec
tions can oe naci with some
through line to the city of San
Francisco, beg to report and re
commend as follews:
"First, we are in favor of such
projectand for the following rea rea
eons: We confront a situation that
is becoming intolerable. Here is
a valley which with its tributaries
constitute an area larger than
some of the eastern states, that
for more than a quarter of a cen
tury has remained practically un
Strictly First Class. Splendid
Service, Fine Accomodations,
Commercial Headquarters
Sample Room In Connection, Reasonable Rates
Daily Line, Burns and Prairie City
Hum. 6am
Canyon City ?
Prairie City 2:30 p m
Canyon City 7 pm Burns
Fare, Burns-Prairie City,
Hound Trip,
Express Rates 2 1-2 Cents, Prairie to Burns
la The Place to Trade
First: Prompt neat, accuracy and fair dealing.
Secend: We carry a wall assorted stock of Drug, Chemi
cals and Druggist Sundries.
Third: We guarantee every article we sell to be juat as
represented or your money refunded.
If you are a customer of ours you know this. If not, be
come one and be convinced.
J. C. Welcome. Jr.
developed because of its remote
ness from rail rood transporta
tion. The soil is rich; we are
favored with a most delightful
climate, mild in winter and cool
in summer; there is an abun
dant rainfall for successful dry
farm ing and an unlimited
amount of water available for
irrigation in a word our country
possesses every natural advan
tage and condition for the sup
port of a large and prosperous
population. In its possibilities
for grain farming, for the grow
ing of livestock, and for diversi
fied agriculture it is not surpassed
by any other region of like size
in the northwest But further
development is at an end until
railroad connections are secured
with the outside world, especially
with the great markets of the
Pacific Coast. Every day inves
tors and homeseekers turn away
for no other reasen than our iso
lation from transportation. Other
parts of the Northwest progrofS
while our own remains at a com
parative standstill. It is idle to
invite people to come here and
invest and make it their hon.e
under present conditions. Rail
road shipping facilities is an ab
solute necessity to the develop
ment of any country today.
Lack of it is a barrier to the very
class of people we so much need
to assist in the development of
the country.
"We have hoped that railroads
would be built into cur valley?
We have on many occasions been
i assured that roads would be built
and built at once. But year after
year have come and gone, bring
ing disappointment after disap
pointment until patience in this
matter has long since ceased to
be a virtue, It is true that rail
roads have been constructed to
the very threshold of this region.
from both the east and the west,
but we are unable to elicit any
(Continued on page 2.)
Canyon City
Prairie City
1U a in
II no, I-
$ 6.00