She CITY OF BURNS COUNTY OF HARNEY i The Biggest City In The Biggest County In The State Of Oregon The Biggest County In The State Of Oregon, Best In The'West BURNS. HARNEY COUNTY, OREUON. JANUARY IX. ,1 18 VOL. XXVI NO .10 1 pmce-limilk DOING RECLAMATION WORK OF MAGNITUDE William Hanley and Associates Drain ing Swamps And Diverting The Water On Great Tracts of Dry Sage Brush Lands In The Valley The Times-Herald has just! is well located and the land is learned that the Hanley Com-, rich, the climatic conditions ex pany has completed the work of coptionally good, adapted to di dredgingthe "P Ranch swamp" J versified farming and will add and considerable ditching and much to the wealth and proeperi flume on this same project has ty of this county. been completed during the past season. It is stated on good Importance of Agriculture authority that the company has ordered another dredging ma- Agriculture is the wealth of chine of a more modern type for the nation and if wisely managed the same purpose in the "Dia- the soil will support the nation mond swamp," work on which with little outside help. will no doubt begin next season. But while we have a wealth of This work is of rather immense resource in the land, agriculture character and has been carried in this country is still far from on the past two seasons by the the point where it can support Eastern Oregon Engineering Co., our ninety six millions of people, under the direct supervision of because it is not wisely followed F. C. Dillard of that firm. in every section. The question The draining of the swamp just completed has been gigantic in its scope, as it not only drains an immense area that may now lp enltivated but the water here- tofore making this swamp has been diverted on to higher ground that has not been tilled or used owing to its dry character, and which now will be cultivated. During the season we are told some three miles of ditch and tlume work was completed in the field about the Sod House. This big undertaking has been going on for some time but little has been said about it. Mr. Hanley has stated in the past, especially at the time of the trans ferof the land grant lands to der the leadership oi m. fc. naies. the Hill interests, that the hold- These people came from a rich ings of his company would be agricultural country, but they placed on the market at no dis- learned of the greater possibiii tant date. It may be the plan, ties existing in this county, and although this assertion is made decided to grasp the opportunity without any authority, that the of a life time, and secured a por plan is to reclaim this land and at tion of the homestead land offer once place it on the market in gd by the government. Madras small tracts. Pioneer. The draining of the Diamond swamp, which it is now reported Henry Eichner at Harney Ore the company contemplates, a gon, is prepared to do all kinds larger area will be added to the of rag carpet and rug weaving at land reclaimed and make desira- 33 cents per yard and furnish ble homes for many people. It I the warp. 4tf THE BURNS HOTEL DELL DIBBLE, Prop. Centrally Located, Good Clean Meals, Comfortable Rooms, Clean and Sanitary Beds First Class Bar In Connection. Oive Me A Call New Year Resolution Whereas, results positively establish the fact that Archie McGowan Of Burns, Harney County, Oregon, Is The Leading Land Man Resolved. That what I have for sale, I will list with him, because I wish to sell it. He makes good! Your Safety Demands That You Have Your Prescriptions Filled At The REXALL DRUG STORE A licence is not all that it required to fill Prescriptions. You mutt have perfect quality of ingredients, accuracy in compounding and complete and well kept stock. We give you all these. We never substitute. Your Doctor's wish is carried out to the minutes detail. REED BROS., Props. of the hour is now to get enough people into the business of farm- ing to take care of the rapidly expanding population in the cities and the constantly increasing demand for foodstuffs all over the country. Immigration into the different parts of Crook county continues week after week. Last Tuesday :i large party of settlers arrived in Madras, from Centralia. Wash ington and the surrounding country. Those who composed the party were: F. M. Mills. Or ren Bishop, Charley Devlin, Har ry McCandalis, Maurice Eaton, Charles Bramer, Leslie Eshum, John Bretherson, and were un- SCRAP FOR POLITICAL PIE Fight It On Between Politi ticians And Much Specula tion Rife A To Outcome Many Postmasters Are Slated For Positions A Washington dispatch to the Oreironian under date of Jan. 10 Rives a list of proposed appoint ments in Oregon recommended by Ralph Williams, national com mitteeman of the republican par ty. It says: "National Committeeman Wil liams today recommended to President Taf t that the following Federal appointments be made in Oregen: "Thomas McCusker. Postmast er at Portland; John H. Burgard. Collector of Customs, Portland; E. C. Kirkpatrick. of Dallas. United States Marshal; C. V. Johnson, of Corvallis, Appraiser of Customs at Portland; D. L. Keyt, of Portland, Surveyor-General; Frank I.. Parker. Collector of Customs at Astoria; L. H. rneson, Receiver of The Dalles Land Office; Preston A. Worth- ington, receiver of the Hums Land Office. "The following Presidential postmasters also are recommend recemmend ed: Frank J. Carney, Astoiia; John E. Loggan, Burns; KllaV. Powers, Canyon City, Ben Weathers, En teprise: John E. Beusley. Falls City; William M. Brown, Leba non; F W. Harm's. Boseburg; Edgar Hosteller. The Dalles; Merritt A. Baker. Weston; Philip A. Livesly. Woedburn: John H. Peare. LfjQrande; John F. Miller Jacksonville." Under later date the Journal has a dispatch from Washington as follews: "Democratic senators held a caucus today am) decided to Btand pat in their opposition to a cor ner in Republican patronage. 'The Republicans having re fused to co-operate with a Dem ocratic '.'ommittee to consider the nominations with a view deter mining what should be and what should not be confirmed, they de termined to stand pat and hold up everything but army and navy promotions and the diplomatic appointments until the further orders of the caucus. It is said the Republicans are willing there should be no delay in acting up on the nominations placed upon the exempt class by the Demo cratic caucus. "Postmasters and other civil appointments indended to be filled with Republicans within a few weeks of the end of the Re publican administration will be protested against by the Demo crats, even if it takes a filibuster to enforce their protests. "There will be rather cold comfort for those whose names are sent in by the president Two postmasters were the only nominations for Oregon that the president sent in today. Those that Ralph Williams submitted must go to the various depart ments having jurisdiction and be approved. This is naturally a mere matter of form, but it will delay their presentation for a few days." James J. Hill May Be Next Sec. of Agriculture It is interesting to note that the eastern newspapers are de voting much attention to the pro posal that James J. Hill be chosen the next Secretary of Agricul ture. It is also, perhaps, a bit strange that the papers of the Coast have given Mr. Hill's pro posed candidacy so comparati vely slight mention; in this mat ter, it seems as if the Pacific Northwest must turn to such journals as the New York Times even to learn that Mr. Hill is being discussed, and discussed with a national seriousness. Assuredly it would be difficult to select a man more admirably qualified foi the position, of to make an uppi mimi-nl that would be more univerntlly popular. Especially would his s lection be applauded in the West, where Mr. Hill is known by his works and his works have shown him to be the greatest practical agri cultural dtveloper in the history of the United States. -Bend LOCHER BUILDING Old Time Structure Discovered Aflame Shortly After 10 O'clock Tuesday Night Too Late To Save And Is Rapidly Consumed. No Insurance And Loss Reported Heavy Locher'a hall was destroyed by fire last Tuesday niRht. It vs not known definitely how it was started, some say from an over turned light in one of the rooms on the ground floor, while otherc claim who were on the scene early, that the fire seemed to have started from another part of the building. It was discovered a few minutes after 10 o'clock and almost im mediately half the population of the town was on the scene and the fire apparatus at work. The fire department did some very I effective work in saving the Loch- er home, which is really a part of the structure consumed, and other wooden buildings in close proximity to the hall. The vol unteer work of many men and women saved much property and the result shows wonderful and almost unbelievable work. The lower portion of the building having been of stone aided ma terially in confining the fire to the one building and the intelli gent efforts of the fire depart ment and citi7.ens did the intelli gent efforts of the fire depart ment and citizens did the rest. At one time it looked as though the fire would spread across and communicate with the Clevenger furniture store but this was saved through a volunteer brigade who mounted the roof from the back and poured water down the front. Almost every window in the front of the building is broken as a result of the heat and water. Had the flames communicated with the building the Welcome harness shop and Dr. deary's office would have been burned and it would have been an effort to save The Times-Herald build ing, although the latter is a brick structure, would possibly have stood. It was seen at once that the hall could not be saved and it did not look possible that the home of Mr. and Mrs. Locher could be saved but the boys climbed the roof and a hose was played on the flames where the home was attached to the hall building and by persistent effort and the aid of a bucket brigade from the Lampshire garage and a well ad joining the liOdier building, it was a possibility and this en couraged the workers to greater effort. The buildings to the south were kept wet at intervals preventing the flames from spreading to the south and thus several small buildings the Drinkwater pro perty, Lampshire's garage and the block to the south across the street, which is entirely wood structures were saved. Everything was favorable to the Are fighters, so far as weather conditions were concerned. A snow had fallen the night before and the roofs were all covered and wet. The wells on the street where the water engine secured its supply were inadequate, how ever, and it had to be moved at e caused them to oecome tired frequent intervals from one well soon, necessitating their ! to another. The first stand waHIucn,l' tOpplnu to catch their made at the corner of The Times- Herald building and while the Property owners in the vicinity cedure. Each individual is look top was being pried off. which of the firo were kept busy be- in to much hl8 own Phonal was frozen down in the snow, tween doing wha, they could at SSSL on ThearSf the water was secured from this intervals on the lire apparatus people which must be overcome, office to prime the pumps and a (Continued on Last Page) (Continued on Last Page.) A sPSsH DISTROYED BY FIRE,;"-; j stream was soon playing on the lire. Locher's hall had been a land mark in Burns for many yearn and had been the public meeting place for almost all large gather ings, theatricals, dances, stc. The first story of the building had been built of stone from time to time mostly by the per - sonal labor of Mr. Loobttend When it was first taken advant there were wide stone partitions1 age of in this state there were all through that part which ar- some of the wildest applications rested the fire after the second and segregations made that any story had collapsed. They had one could dream of. The most recently put in a hard-wood floor in the hall for skating rink and dancing purposes at considerable expense. The lower portion was occupied by several tenants in cluding the offices of the Central Oregon Oil & (!as Co., which was in the front part on th main street, John Worlow, Mr. Wisdom and wife. Chas. Biggs and wife. All of these lost some household goods and personal effects, T. E. Jenkins had a quantity ofj beer, liquor and cigars stored in one of the rooms ami aside from the Lochers is perhaps the heavi est loser. Mr. Godfrey, who has charge of the (Jas Company offices, states that their loss is not heavy so far as actual de- struct ion of property is concern- ed but some very valuable maps were burned that it will take much time and hard work to re plnce. He also lost some person al effects of more or less value. Miss I ah her informs the writer that the insurance had been al lowed to lapse only a short before. Thev had been at considerable expense recently and her mother relt that there was less danger ' and school, but also in assisting in winter and simply neglected to reduce the high cost of living it. Therefore the loss is entire. nnd giving thousands of people The Times-Herald wishes to comfortable homes and incomes, commend the fire department The proposition to put people and the many good people who out of business entirely, such as worked so heroically during the suggested by Mr. Young is night to save the town from de- rather foolish. People who have struction, for had the flames ,)Ut their money into the pro communicated with any other jt.cts of whatever character and building it would have been al-j have gone according to law, most impossible to have saved a worked conscientiously and legi large portion of the business innately are entitled to some con- part of town to the south, sideration and will get it from all Fortunately there was not a ' fair minded people. Another breath of wind. The Ladies I thing; Just so long as people Auxiliary is also to be commend- j will enter into stipulations with ed and deserve much credit for u big corporation which in their their work, not only in having character give the corporation a hot cofTee for the workers, but greater hold, in a technical man also for material aid in carrying ner at least, of what should water in buckets and assisting he distributed more equitably in removing things from build- among the people, just that long ings threatened in the vicinity. will it be harder to remove such The ladies even helped on the an evil from the path of progres water engine when the men were sion and development, spent for breath and had to stop. We want to advance, we want ; The icy streets and the necessity development and the "quicker of frequent moves from one wcllth0 sooner" but go at it in a to another, thus causing the hose practical and business like way (0 be detached and carried from not through popular prejudice1 one street to another made much l)Ut by legitimate means. The work and many of those who holding back of progress and: volunteered on the engine and development of this state or carried the heavy hose were men , this particular section is not noi accustomed to such violent exercise and working with such haste under exciting circumstanc- breath. INLAND EMPIRE W. T. LESTER (BURNS, II. Hi. I VOC I'lol'l.l THAT NT TO HKI.I. liilgtti, mil I'len Willi1! Who sail Win Tlicrr ib A REASON- 1Vuio irenayuiK i'li-INLAND KMI'IKK KliAl.TY COMPANY, ..f Hiinim, OfSfM, h old mure iriiMriii'h 1 1 nil othstl BROAUIS IT W A KNOWN I'M I I.Uli'ii liiniir ('OMI'I'.'I'I oils HAY K Then lit four Dropailv with ''(i,o I lint havt StlOW ii ll HI li.ny kuuw tl'i'ir bnaliirSI lliut will ilu (lit. Ininii.i'i i ik it mill t r. 141 you on I lie Kijunre. We write 1'IRK INSURANCE fur the heat CompanUi-ALL KINDS OV LAND SCRIPT FOB BALK altmi.l to nil kind of land multem JUNTAS IT HIKill.lt Hi: HONK Write or osll aud sea us-IK) IT NCW "A' BARKING UP A TREE" sestions Both Impracticable and Impossible Holds Sway Resulting In Little Gain The recent Irrigation Congress held in Portland may have ad vocated some good things; in this respect we are satisfied it was good to recommend the work of the state board of water commis sions, the advocacy of good roads and other things, but some of the talks of the delegates were more or less a joke. The fact that the Carey act has been a failure in this state has not been on ac count of the act, for it has been a success in other states, for iii stance Idaho, but the thing was not given the right consideration in the first place, with no busi ness like attention by the proper .authorities. impractical schemes were per petrated imaginable, and the state permitted it. As an in stance, one project of considera ble magnitude was withdrawn under the act in this county and held for an indefinite time that was about as practical as a siphon to convey Bull Run water from the other side of the Cascades to Bums for domestic purposes or dipping it out of a well with a thimble. These people held on to the land for a long time and did not give up until they were called upon do make good their bet. No such games would, have been played on Oswald West had he been in the executive chair or ,uhn H. Lewis who is now state onuineer. The suggestion or resolution to place the working of the act on a business basis as in Idaho was good. This should have been done before as then much of the Eastern portion of the state would now be more thickly populated and bringing in a re venue not only in the way of UlArn i" tutnini, ru.in- iwuiuy, i ny tjue to one company or corpora- ! tion, but to several and not alone to this character of "evil" if the word may be applied here, but to lack of unity of purpose with the whole people and a practical method of pro- REALTY COMPANY OREGON) J. D. M.NEA1. REMEDY FOR CAREY ACT POINTED OUT Irrigation Men Urge Relief For Settlers State's Negligence Shown. Con gress Seeks Action on Columbia Southern Project So Report Says Unqualified declaration that the Carey act has not operated successfully and presentation of a substitute plan whereby the settler can give a first mortgage and secure immediate title to his asked in a separate set of reso land were contained in resolutions j lutions. unanimously adopted by the Ore- Legislative 'appropriation of gon Irrigation Congress yesU-r- $50,000 to be used with alike day afternoon, says the Oregeni: amount already promised by an Secretary Fisher, of the Federal Further resolutions urge the Interior Department, in investi State Legislature to provide J gating irrigation and power pro funds for the immediate relief of jects as outlined by J. N. Tea! settlers on the Columbia South-1 before the congress, was advised, em project in Crook County; to The State Board of Control was pass a county bonding act for commended for its work in the the construction of good roads adjudication of the waters of the and to appropriate money for the Silvies River in Harney County thorough investigation of the j and the early completion of the Columbia River power project as project was recommended, advocated by John H. Lewis, j At the afternoon session A. M. State Engineer. I Crawford. Attorney-General of One of the most important the state, discouraged the idea of and the shortest resolutions making State Board of Control provides that no reclamation pro- a judicial body and the following ject be opened for settlement resolution was adopted in accord until the water is readv for ance with that idea: distribution. This would prevent such disastrous results as those experienced by the Columbia Southern settlers. Residence requirements on ir - rigation projects constructed by the Reclamation Service were de clared unjust and unreasonable and action was urged that will allow water-users 25 years in which to repay the Government condemning the Carey act and for construction expenses. j the outline of the plan for settle- President-elect Wilson was ask- ment of ,ands by the deed and ed to appoint a "Western, and 'mortgage system is as follews: preferably an Oregon man. pos-1 Whereas, The Carey act has sessing legal learning, knowledge I not operated successfully in Ore of actual conditions existing in ! Ron and as it would appear that the West, and the judicial tern-1 the settler as well as the irriga perament essential to the proper tion company would be benefited discharge of the duties of the by a slight revision of the rules office for Secretary of the Inter-' of the Desert Land Board, to ior." No mention of either! conform to those in use under the Joseph N. Teal or Will R. King, 'same act in Idaho, therefore, both of whom are candidates fori "Be it resolved. That the Ore the honor, was made. j gon Irrigation Congress urge the Adjudication of the water' (Continued on Last Page) THE FRENCH HOTEL JOHN R. WALKUP, Prop. Strictly First Service, Fine Commercial Sample Room In Connection, Reasonable Rates Burns Meat Market H. J. HANSEN, Proprietor Beef, Pork, Veal, Mutton, Sasuage, Bolonga, Headcheese and Weinerworst ,E. Wholesale and Retail Prompt and Satisfactory Service Your Patronge Solicited and Orders Given Quick Attention Prescriptions Carefully Compounded HluNS KVERYTHINti To the Doctor and his Patient. That is why the Doctor gets the result he expected when he wrote the prescrip tion why the patient gets the results from the medicine which the Doctor expected. Such results are obtained from prescriptions when filled at our store, for we always have a competent man in charge of this department. THE WELCOME, PHARMACY C. WELCOME, Jr., Prop. rights under the Center Oregon ,' Irrigation Company's project, , which was made the subject of an address at Friday's meeting , by A. 0. Walker, of Alfalfa, was "Be if resolved. That the effec tive work of the Board of Con trol in the adjudication of water rights should be extended by the ! granting of adequate funds and that all attempts to change such administrative board into a court should be discourage in every possible way." The full text of the measure Class. Splendid Accomodations, Headquarters Bulletin.