The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, May 11, 1912, Image 1

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    NTItc &imc6-3ici'nli
ii,OIUrliil I'lipcrnl lliiriu'j Omuil)
KElK cJrcnl 2inrtteu CouulrQ
('ovum an arm of V28,00 arret oJ
Inmti 4,0.11,061 ntrwi yet vacant njcct
toctilry miliar lliu public land lwi ol
tlio United Mali n.
hul.trtftl uiutlitlum mill inonool
t lulvortlnltitf inotlluinn In Unstorn
NO 20.
B H rf - 1 V HI HI r a H XHk
j jggg iroijieraia
Force on Railroad
lailroad Builders Placed to
m Oregon & Eastern by
vFirst, Perhaps Before
f 2000 and MOO t been done on the approach on
in tlio construe-' tho other side of tlio mountain.
Oregon Eastern ( no Hanks Brothers who have
mo contract lor tlio construction
of the tunnel at Mile post 159 and
also Home roadbed grading, nro
progressing rapidly and have al
ready -10 feet of tunnel work
Tho high water stage of the
Malheur river in tho narrow
gorge has made tho hauling of
supplies most dilllcult to the Mal
heur canyon camps and it is
learned that six or seven horses
have already been lost in fording
the deep and treacherous stream.
At present the river is just
about two feet higher than it has
been for several months and the
lato rains as well as the large
amount of snow in the mountains
is causing still more anxiety to
II j railroad men nnd freighters
alhcur canyon,
i within the next
iblc information I
terpriso just as i
to press today.
treason to believe
of the Harri-
not even wnit.
rhen the general I
given out, but'
will be given
lis section for the
new trans-Ore-
for the 1S15 San I
sition, says the
Dr. Dcnman lixperlmciilinK on l.nrgc
Scale Willi Different Grain Crops
Expects (o Seed 3C0 Acres
Spreading Dry Farm Gospel
JTrailroad building
is moving slow-
ie small lorees at
eamps nave made
In order to eliminate some of
these risks and losses, between a
half mile and a mile of wagon
I miles of roadbed
on west is com pic t-
Btfmnrmntlu tlt mtnr
f the canyon will be'1 " ,a ' "Kinuiinong ne so.ui
linlOdays. When ,UI-Kjr ""., ,,uu JT ,. .
it this bit of exca- V "' l . , i"'310'- ,1",s wm
ao away wnn iwo oi me worst
'. fords that have to be made by
feet deep and some
length, it may be
that the
fni.iicl nf ' Iil,u IICIKHIK UUllllO IU
istruction company:" ' "" "!
time since the oi-,,118"11 V, , no wnr w over
rted a few months;1 V" '. ""V". ."-
ai ime nmmais navo oecn iosi
2000-foot tunnel at
the operations are
vay anil tne uig air
llready penetrated GO
(0 eastern end. 1 lie
irork has been a difli-
there, the swiftness of the stream
rolling them over until they
1 Poor appetite is a sure sign of
impaired digestion. A few doses
aking as the rocky .of Chamberlain's Stomach and
Id to be torn down to ' Liver 'lablets will strengthen
' about 200 feet in or- your digestion and improve your
appetite. Thousands have been
benefited by taking these Tablets.
1 Sold by all dealers.
aperly construct the
able work has already
Prof. II. D. Scudder and parly
paid a visit to somo lake bottom
land at the foot of Saddle Butte
Tuesday morning where Dr.
Dentnan is seeding between 200
and .'100 acres of land. Tlio soil
is light but very mellow. Ho
found it so lose that plowing was
not necessary nnd Is merely disk
ing it m followed by a harrow.
It is an experiment that will
bo watched with interest, as it
is on lather a large scale and on
a class of land that has not been
farmed to any extent in this sec
tion. Dr. Dcnman will devote
most of it to barley but will also
try somo oats and wheat. It was
necessary to dike to prevent the
lako water from submerging tho
land which was formeily lake
It is a peculiar soil more or less
alkaline with the water very close
to the surface. The soil will be
analyzed, samples having been
taken down to some depth. Prof.
Scudder would not venture an
opinion on the possible yield un
til he could have the soil tested
at Corvallis.
Should a good crop bo produc
ed on this soil it will open up a
large area that bus been consid
ered almost worthless. Another
beneficial feature will be the
hastening of a reservoir system
to keep such land from overflow
ing and thus do a two fold duty
conserve the Hood water for
use on the dry land at a season
when needed and reclaim the
swamp now being submerged by
the floods.
It is hoped Dr. Denmnn may
be successful in his undertaking.
Prof. H. D. Scudder
Giving Practical Talks on Dry
Farming and Meets People
N. A. DIBBLE, ProDt.
irteous treatment, rates reason
ableGive me a ca'l
First Glaus Bar in Connection
vs v t v
If You Wunt
Ship Your I'rrijcht
.cnlral li rfgoii I rucltlni; J.";
Bend to lOiai-xi
Arrive Kvery .Sunday
And Wcdnthday
l.cnvi'H livery Mnmluy
And Thumdny
ROHU, Affent,
With An hie
Burns, Oregon
. r-t !
v-s '
, r 4
Agent for the
Announces that he will take down and completely
overhaul all Dorris Cars sold by him onco each
year free of charge.
Me. Dodson will be in Burns about April I
Isn't It a Fact
That a Concern, Progremtive enough to he willing to
S Financially Strong enough to he able to-adopt a ,Hyatem
that enables YOU to Hug Cheaper, in a Mighty Good Home
ITo Tie Up 7V8ggS
nu Doing DuHincHH Our protect Yourself
Wan You Financially
1 Sitlslactloo mdPure
; Druii Wc UeinnUe
City Drug Store
Ui:i:i) IIUOH. I'roprk-lori, Ilunu
Your I'alronaic Very
Ktiptcllully Solicited
On Saturday afternoon April
27th Prof. Broithauntof the ex
periment station, delivered a lec
ture on dry farming at tho school
house. The meeting was well
attended and much interest was
shown. Such tnlks as the Profes
sor gave us, cannot help but bo of
great benefit to our farmers. IJ
is hoped that he may find time to
visit Sunset often and discuss
crops and soil -with us.
Sunset Grangers are anxious
to establish a sub-station to the
experimental farm. We have a
greatamount of people filled with
ambition, we have worlds of good
land, and such a move would be
of more value to this part of the
valley than any one other thing.
No doubt a sub-station could he
almost self sustaining.
Hen Kodor has been suggested
a good man to lake charge of
Sunset's experiment station.
Mrs. Chas. Heery, has moved
back to the Sunset farm from
Hums. Mrs. Heery says alio likes
Hums, "Hut Oh you Ranch."
Mr. and Mrs. Warren Heery,
are amongournew comers. They
are accompanied by a Mr. Ander
son all from Seattle. They are
looking for locations and it is
hoped they will find good places
close to Sunset.
E. E. Larson, is operating his
now brush grubber on Mr. Nash's
place. It is doing a first class
job. When Mr. Larson gets
through Mr. Nash will have 1)0
acres ready for tho plow. Kes
Henney is helping Mr. Larson.
Chas. Reed anil Hert Porter
are plowing on the Davey desert
claims. They have a contract
to plow 80 acres for Mr. Davey.
Geo. Hodder and son Walter
have gono to Silver creek with
their well drill. Wo are told
thoy havo several wells to drill
in that part of tho country.
II. D. Black was in Burns
Monday to get title to 100 acres
of Sunset land,
E. C. Eggleslon has ono half
acre orchard just beir nn nir to
bloom. He is making prepara
tions to smudge on frosty morn
ings nnd it is safo to say that
Sunset will have fruit to exhibit
nt tho county fnir next fall.
Prof. II. D. Scudder, Agronom
ist of tho Oregon Agricultural
College nt Corvallis and tho man
behind the gun at Harney County
Station, has boon doing some
flue work toward the develop
ment of this section during this
week. Ho has visited various
localities, talked with tho farm
ers and to farmers in a convinc
ing way. Ho has put now life
into the farm work of tho county
mid encouraged tho tiller of the
soil by giving him simplo and
practical advise telling him his
mistakes and showing him the
way to success.
Prof. Scudder has made the
farmer realize the great advant
age of the demonstration farm
and also tho advantnge of own
ing a home iii the big Harney
Country -the finest alfalfa, field
pea and grain country in tho
northwest. Ho has given them
practical methods to follow and
convinced them of its soundness
by illustration and argument.
He has made the farmer know
now, that tlio dry farm experi
ment station belongs entirely to
the people of this country and is
here to help both tho dry farm
and irrigated farm.
Prof. Scudder was accompan
ied on a trip to the Waverly, Har
rimau and Iawcn neighborhoods
by a delegation of Hums men,
who, while not all actively en
gaged in farm work, were never
theless interested and ready to
profit from his talk and also to
help tho farmer make good. It
proved a trip worth while and
gave the town man a better im
pression of the country, an op
portunity to see what is being
accomplished by the new set
tler and bring about a closer re
lationship between the people.
The party were in two nutos
leaving about 11 o'clock Monday
morning. Prof. Scudder, Supt.
Hreithnupt of the Experiment
Station, Win. Hanley, J. M. Dal
ton, J. .1. Donegnn, C. II. Leon
ard, Julian Byrd and the two
drivers composed the party. A
short stop was made at the sta
tion on the way out and luncheon
was secured at Lawen. In tho
afternoon tho party went around
Windy Point, stopping at several
places and having a personal
visit with many of the farmers
and inviting them to come out to
the meeting arranged foratllar-
nman on Alonciay evening; nt
Lawen Tuesday afternoon. A
short stop was made at Waverly,
then the party went on south and
Some fine land was seen all
thru lliatHcction, particularly that
adjoining the foot hills. J. C.
Duncan is farming CO acres of
fine lund which is being put in
tho very best condition. T. B,
"I I ill has 140 acres seeded to rye
and wheat. Mr. Hill is one of
the energetic men of that terri
tory who is going to make n suc
cess. II. L. Van Dom has 137
acres of rye seeded. Theso ore
dry farms that have every indica
tion of being successfully cultivat
ed. At all tho places visited Prof.
Scudder and Supt Breithaupt
conferred with tho farmerB, dis
cussed tho soil and gave advice.
A public meeting of farmers
was held at Harriman that prov
ed a very interesting and' profit
able one. Dr. Dcnman presided
and the uchool houso was well
filled with earnest farmers and
their families who uro making
every offort to mako homes in
section. They
distnnpes and
from I
paid, for Prof. Scudder gave them
a fine encouraging talk on agri
culture. He told them of the
simple method of conserving the
moisture in the soil, the way to
prepare for seeding, what to
plant and when to do it. He
made clear tlf6 folly of attempt
ing to raise a crop on new ground
where there had not been suffi
cient moisture stored and his
reasoning in this respect was
readily understood and appreciated.
Prof. Scudder told his hearers
of the disappointment to him of
the necessity of allowing tho ex
periment farm to lie idle this
season, but it was necessary to
store up moisture to raise a crop,
therefore they must wait.
Preparations of the soil to re
ceive moisture was a matter he
took up in detail. The dry farm
er needs a reservoir just the
same as the irrigationist, the soil
being the reservoir of the former
it must be carefully looked after.
He discussed the character of
the soil in various parts of that
territory, explained the lack of
humus in same and the method
of supplying the necessary plant
food to mnke it productive.
Prof Scudder recommends al
falfa as the crop for the dry
farmer in this section. Suggests
growing it in rows in order to
allow cultivation and grow it for
seed. The station is prepared to
furnish a limited amount of seed
to the dilferent localities for ex
perimental purposes and this will
prove a great benefit. They have
u northern grown seed that will
stand the climate and which he
ia positive will grow. Alfalfa
not only places the land in the
best possible condition but grow
ing for seed is very profitable.
He explained that it was not nec
essary to have a railroad to make
such a crop profitable.
The field pea is another crop
he recommends as it matures in
from GO to 70 days and brings
big returns for seed. This he
also recommends to grow in rows.
It is an excellent forage for cows
and nothing is better for pigs.
This ciop will bring at least ?2-l
an acio when harvested, but
when used for hog pasture, allow
ing the pigs to gather the crop,
it is worth perhaps more.
Prof. Scudder states that the
college is paying 5 cents per
pound for alfalfa seed of the
right Kind to seed in this territory
which is acclimated to frost and
drouth. It is hard to get and he
will take all that is raised in Har
ney Valley. Grown in rows as
he suggests in order to cultivate
it requires but -1 pounds to seed
nn acre and when thinly seeded
it makes better seed.
June 1 is none too late to seed
hero as tho soil is then warm and
plants will respond rapidly where
the moisture is conserved. His
solution of tho rabbit question is
to clear oil' the sago brush and
leave no hiding place for them.
Each farmer can protect a small
acreage by chicken netting nt
first to get a start in seed and
experiment. Rape is another
forage crop ho recommends as it
will mature in six weeks nnd
costs but 15 cents an acre to seed
in rows.
Prof. Scudder urges tho farm
ers to summer fallow a small
acreage this year and have it in
shape to seed next season under
llin umini'viuimi of iu nvtinri-
mnnt fnrm mill Hum slnrt tlio
Neat Farm Homes, Modern Schools, Well
Tilled Acres and (icncral Appear
ancc of Stability is Noticed
ThoTinfes-Hcraldman had the
good fortune to visit the Harri
man and Wnvcrlv section this
week nnd met personally several
of the farmers and homesteaders.
The territory surrounding Har
riman has somo of the best dry
farming soil to be found. The
soil is deep and fertile, one that
will hold moisture well and pro
duce almost anything. The farm
homes aro neat and of a better
The new school building in the
Harriman district is a credit to
any country district. It is a
modern building 2'lx40 feet and
very conveniently arranged.
The party of Burns people with
Prof. Scudder were entertained
by Dr. and Mrs. Dentnan in a
warm and hospitable manner
which they fully appreciated.
This spirit was shown throughout
the trip. The farmers meeting
them all with a hearty welcome.
They showed by their work on
tne larms and the convenient
homes that they were energetic
and hopeful of success. The
communities show a thrifty peo
ple who mean to make good with
farm life of a character that
means good citizenship.
A half interestin the Harriman
townsite has recently been sold
to a Salt Lake man. This is con
sidered by some as significant.
as they believe it is really rail
road people who have purchased
the interest and that the north
line of railroad from the through
line to Burns will start from
there. Burns is not particular
where it leaves the through line
and if Harriman is the point wo
congratulate her on such connec
tion with the northern part of
this big valley.
Visit Demonstration Farm
Tomorrow Afternoon and Hear Prof.
Scudder Lecture, See Buildings
And Modern Farm Methods
(Continued on page 4.)
The conference committee be
tween senate and house on the
Borah-Jones homestead bill hav
ing reached an agreement the
amended bill will be reported to
senate and house at an early day.
The latest requirements ns to
the area to be cultivated before
patent is granted is a compliance
in principle with GifTord Pinchot's
Shortly stated the main provi
sions of the new bill are reduc
tion to three years of the home
steading period leave of absence
not exceeding five months in eaHi
year when establishing residence
-the three years to run from
the time of actual residence, and
a settler to be allowed a delay
not exceeding 12 months from
date of filing if climatic condi
tions, sickness, or other unavoid
able causes demand it cultiva
tion of one sixteenth of the area
of entry is required duiingthe
second year, and one eighth of
tne area tne third year.
The cultivation requirement is
I to apply to ICO acre homesteads,
to enlarged homesteads, and to
i. i i i .. i
nuiiK'sieuus on recianation pro
jects. The subject has been &o thor
oughly thrashed out in committee,
both in senate and house, that a
speedy passage of the bill may
he expected. The views of Sec
retary Fisher have been laid by
him before the committee and
every effort made to meet them.
There is no probability of a pre
sidential veto of tho bill in its
amended form.
In many changes made tho
now bill is an adoption of west
ern viowsof which Senator Borah
has been a persistent advocate.
It has been arranged for Prof.
II. D. Scudder of the Agricutural
College to give a lecture at the
demonstration farm tomorrow
afternoon at 2 o'clock and every
business man in Burns should
make it a point to go out No one
can plead business engagements
as an excuse and there are a
number of' autos that may be
pressed into service for the occa
A representative of The Times
Herald visited the farm the other
day and both Supt. Breithaupt
and Prof Scudder desired to show
him through the buildings and
over the farm but as the party
was rushed for time to reach
other points he did not avail him
self of the opportunity, prefer
ring to take the trip later for this
purpose. Howeyer he made
some observations that convinces
him the visit will be interesting
aside from the lecture.
Two model houses have been
erected, not particularly for the
convenience of the occupants,
but to show the farmer what such
a home is and what he can build.
The outbuildings, engine house,
barn, machinery sheds, etc. are
all. well planned and are there
for a purpose.
Prof. Scudder states that Har
ney county has the best equipped,
and arranged demonstration farm
in the United States. There are-
no frills but everything is fixed
for convenience and comfort.
The Times-Herald hopes all the
farmers in the neighborhood,
may also bo at the meeting to- J
morrow afternoon and bring their i
wives. They should visit the
farm and no better time can be i
There will be a big attendance
at this meeting as it has been
well advertised. People should
come from Lawen, Valley View,
Sunset, Harney and other locali
ties sufficiently near to allow tho
return homo after the meeting
the Bame day.
found than when men are there
to explain in detnl the plans.
A recent Popular Bulletin of
the State Experiment Station at
Pullman (No. 41) gives the fol
lowing advice:
Butter made from a single herd
of cows in a small dairy located
on the farm should command the
highest price of any butter nn
the market. Where one man has
control of all the process through
which the milk goes from the
time it is milked until the time it
is printed as butter, the product
should be the best obtainable, if
this one man understands the
art of butter making.
The first essential in making
good butter is good cream. To
get this simply means to take or
dinary precautions regarding
clean cows and barn, clean atten
dants and clean utensils; and then
cooling the cream at once after
separating, either by running it
over a cooler, or by setting in
running cold water and stirring.
Cream should not be stored with
any substance having an aroma.
Sweet cream churns hard and
gives a butter having a flat
taste. To sour, or ripen the
cream, heat it to about70 degrees
F. (use a thermometer) and let
it stand until it has a mild but
distinctly acid taste; or second,
add some sour milk or buttermilk
(starter) to start the ripening,
(Continued on page 4.)
under new management
John R Walkup, Proprietor
FirstClass Well Appointed House
Sample Rooms Commercial Travelers
Four well equipped lines. Excellent facilities
for transportation of mail, express, passengers
Prnlric City to Burns. Vale to Burns
Burns to Diamond Burns to Venator
E. B. WATERS, Agent.
4. .....!. ...!..
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. :::t:::::t;:t::n:: ::::::::
Superior Service - - Quickest Way
II. ROH II, Agent, Burns Garage, Burns, Oregon
:i :::i:n::n:n:tisi rtt:nt::tJt:tj::u:nj::j:::aKn:::i:;:i::::: u-.
Best flour (guuranleo) $8. CO Cttteeni
ol llauity Counlu
The Inland
Homestead Locations
nunoi.n land
Empire Realty Company
W. T. I.K8TKK, Milliner
Wu rppronont tlmt wlilvli In runted mill rulluliln, Wu luuullo ivll
Mucin of Krai I'luUtu mntturi Wiltti your liunl (HIiik A)orH or
otlinr Ii'kuI liunl mptr correctly nml ijulckly , Wll WANT YOUR
FIUK INHUIUNOI! liUBINKBU ; ho ri'pu'mnl tun ol tho utrongoH
Mat your property with u, for tmlo or trmlo. IN VKSTIdATIC OUlt
triibtyou. AtV our OlieiiU. Call ami eeo uk.
FOK TKAIIK-lOUttcru of Dim fur Hint j.lno llmlrni
Yr;,000,000 fuel j truck mid goutl ruml llirougli Uud
lu lliojtt Northern Idciliu tlmlwr Lett Will limit
lor Itso ncret of )! lUrncy Vllf Uud Kro till.
Wil be held in Burns begin ning
on or abou Aprii 15 by
rou get it all in The Times-Herald For $2.00 1
bbl. Harriman Morcantilo Co.
n W M M M MM