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About The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 7, 1911)
nr on mMMHwif y jp -ih''
Tho Offlclitl pApcr of Harncj County
hti tho lrgot circulation and Is ono of
ho halt advertising inedluini In Ealern
K(K OJfcnl 3Hnrtietj (Kouulrtj
. Coxi'ra nn urea of 0,428,800 ncres of
Innil, 4,(1:11,1)51 ncrus yet vacant Btibjcct
to onlry iiikIiii tho public Inrul law of
tho Ujiltwl Hlnlr-ii.
BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON, JANUARY 7, 1011
EXPERTS COUNTY BOOKS
Accounts of Officers Found in Good
Shape by Auditor Sterling
FINDS ONLY FEW
Recommends Change in Methods of Book-Keeping in
Some Instances in Order to Simplify Work The
Financial Condition of County is Given in Detail.
Wm. Sterling completed tho
auditing of the county records
and made his report to the coun
ty court on Jan. 3. Mr. Sterling
mado n very thorough examina
tion of tho books of the sheriff,,
clerk and treasurer and aside
from minor errors of insignifi
cance found the records in order.
He made some recommendations
that were good and no doubt they
will have the consideration of
the court. Among these he sug
That the clerk's and treasurer's
account bookp be balanced onco
each month and the clerk submit
to the court a quarterly state
ment of the funds.
A columnar reception record
and fee book for the clerk, hav
ing a separate column for each
class of fees that are frequently
received and sundry column for
fees infrequently received.
Balance the clerk's abstract of
warrants and warrant register
Mr. Sterling also recommends
a change in the method of keep
ing the treasurer's books that it
may be made more simple and
make a monthly report to the
clerk in order that a closer check
may be kept upon warrants re
deemed. He also recommends
that warrants be made to "order"
instead of "bearer".
His report as to the financial
condition of tho county in the
main is given belew:
I have thoroughly checked the
tax rolls from the years 1908 and
1909 and have put these rolls in
balance, traced all monies for
which receipts were given to the
tax ledger, tax roll and to the
Treasurer and after having all 1
errors antl ommissions adjusted,
tho same is now in order.
I have verified all additions,
allowances, interest and penal
ties and have found tho same
Taxes for 1908 tho Sheriff over
paid the Treasurer $8.48. This42
difference arises between tax
roll and tax register.
Taxes for 1909 the Sheriff over
paid the Treasurer $17.77. This
arises by entering R. S. Hyde
receipt in tax register, $32.00, in
stead of $16.00 and $1.77 between
tax roll and tax register. These
amounts should bo repaid to tho
TRANSIENT TAXES, 1909, 1910.
The amount collected by the
Stock Inspector for 1909, was
$2980.24 and for 1910, $2273.00
and these Bums have been ac
counted for to and receipts issued
by the Treasurer.
I have carefully examined the
reception record and fee books
kept by the Clerk from July 6th,
1908, to December 30th, 1910,
and after all ommissions and cor
rections have been mado thereon,
all fees and fines, etc. havo been
accounted for to and receipts! It will include Western Montana
.granted by the Treasurer. 'and Western Colorado, which,
I have examined all tho reports
filed by the Road Supervisors and
found them in order. Dist. No.
1 had balance of $595.46 on hand
last report, Sept. 7; Dist. No. 2,
$030.71, last report July 6; Dist.
No. 3, $340.92, last report July 6.
Dist. No. 4 mado no reports.
I havo checked up tho warrants
paid during this examination and
tho outstanding warrants as at
December 31st, 1910, amount to
All sums duo by tho statu havo
been duly received by tho clerk
and turned over to tho treasurer.
The last amount received was on
Dec. 15, 1910, and tho county
record book shows as at Dec. 31,
1910. a balance of $095 due by
I have carefully examined the
books, accounts nnd vouchers of
the treasurer and have found the
samo in order.
I have verified tho cash in tho
banks amounting to $14,781.00
December 31, 1910, and find tho
amounts thereof correspond with
the balances reported by tho
treasurer as at that date.
I annex statement showing
balance on hand December 31,
1910, of the various funds:
County general fund . .$ 2278 74
Building 080 87
High school 1083 53
Road 0404 31
County school 15G0 53
State school apportion
ment fund .... 9 47
Library 18 52
Migratory stock 15 40
County institute 70
Road Dist. 1 257 23
No. 2 w. .. G4878
No. 3 43G 10
No. 4 .'?,.. . 812 85
School Dist. L-W. ." 2 43
2 'JSSL-V "t387
. .. '4iM-m 3 G7
V'W:. .:. 118
.. yt. ... 9 09
...:.? M: . 12 57
... 32 65
V 2 84
I haye verified all receipts and
find that all monies turned in for
taxes, fees, fines, etc., are pro
perly accounted for from July 0,
1908 to Dec. 31, 1910.
President Atwell of the State
Horticultural Society has issued
a call for a convention of fruit
growers and fruit shipping asso
ciations of tho Pacific Northwest
to meet at Portland January 24.
Tho convention will consider tho
organization of a fruit growers'
central selling agency and also
decido what atitudo shall bo taken
toward apple box legislation.
It is proposed to model the asso
ciation on tho citrus fruitgrowers'
organizations of California and
limit it to the boxed apple trade.
I with tho Pacific Northwest, grow
practically all tho boxed apples
of the county. Better distribu
tion of apples, providing against
glut in Komo markets nnd scant
supply in others, nro tho prime
objects of the association.
The convention, coming as it
does tho week following the
meeting of tho Washington Hor
ticultural Association at Prosser
on January 17, will probably at
tract somo attention from that
body. President Atwell and
others will go to Prosser and
speak beforo tho Washington or
chardista on tho prososed asso
ciation. Thousands of pounds of black
walnuts and acorns nro being
shipped by tho Government from
Arknnsas to District Forester
Chapman of Portland to bo dis
tributcd for seed throughout tho
burned-over forest areas of tho
Pacific Northwest. Forest rang-
ers will taka clmrgo of planting
tho seed and within tho next
quarter century it is expected
Oregon wilUmvo great quantities
of hard woods available for fur
nituro making nnd other uses.
A project to create a rcsorvo
for mulo tail deer in tho lnva bed
region of Klamath County 1ms
been started and tho matter will
bo brought to the attention of
President Taft Opposition has
developed, howovor, on tho part
of shcopmen who wont to rotain
tho lava bod country for winter
range, they contend tho deer
reserve should bo created in tho
Portland proposes to celebrate
Dewey Day, May 1, 1911, in a
manner long to bo remembered.
Tho cruiser Boston, which is
credited with having fired tho
first gun in tho Spanish-Amcri-can
war; will bo in the harbor,
acting as n training ship for tho
Naval Reserve, and the same
gun that fired on the Spaniards
in Manila Bay will boom out a
salute to Admiral Dewey. That
great sea fighter is to be invited
to attend the Portland celebra
tion. Wealth in Oregon streams, as
well as in the fertile soil of the
Beaver state, is shown by tho
figures of tho animal take of sal
mon in Oregon waters, chiefly
the Columbia River. A total of
290,000 cases, 35,000,000 pounds,
was packed during the past year,
having a value of $3,500,000.
Eugene boosters will build a
home for their commercial club.
Tho Club will incorporato and
issue bonds, erecting a five or
six story building for their quar
ters and leasing such surplus
space as there may be. Tho
Eugene club is very much nlive,
having lately added a largo num
ber of members nnd a big pro
motion fund Is now being raised.
.A largo increase in tho general
state fund is shown during the
last two years, according to the
report of tho Secretnry of State.
Receipts amount to $3,752,939,
against $2,895,405 for tho pre
ceding biennial period.
Fred Barron and diet Myers
havo returned after spending tho
holiday season in Burn3.
The Harney County National
Bank have received many compli
ments from the Sunset people
this week, because of the beauti
ful calendars distributed among
E. E. Larson filed on nn ad
ditional homestead last week. It
is understood that he will build
an addition to his hpuse and
otherwise improvo his fnrm.
All of tho customers of C. A.
Haines have ree'd their annunl
Now Year's compliment which
comes in tho shape of a beautiful
Fred Barron is making prepara
tion to remodel his house. After
ho has carried out his plan, he
will have ono of the coziest
homes in Sunset.
A Now Year's dance wns given
Saturday night at the homo of
Roy Orrcn. Wo understand a
good crowd attended, and n fine
time had by all present.
When buying a cough medicino
for children bear in mind that
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy is
most effectual for colds and that
it'eontains no harmful drug. For
sale by all good dealers.
Estuayed From tho Settle
meyer farm in Sunset last Biim
mer a bay maro with white spot
in forehead, weight ubout 1150
lbs branded 700, tho six being a
continuation of tho stem of tho
seven on loft stifle, black sucking
unbranded colt following hor.
Suitable reward for her return
or information leading to her re
covery. E. E. Larsen,
Tho Burns Flour Milling Co.
will pay 21 cents per pound for
wheat or barloy.
Tho Home Hotel is tho enmfnr.
( table place to board.
DRY FARMING INSTATE
Excellent Paper on Subject by Prof.
Scudder of the O.A.C.
A BIG TERRITORY' TO DEVELOP
Central Oregon Las 4,000,000 Acres of Rich Tillable
Land Susceptible of Profitable Crop Production
Under Dry Farming Methods Varieties of Crops.
(By Prof. Henry D. Scudder,
Oregon Agriculturo College, Cor-
Oregon is, perhaps, best known
tho country over as a dairying
nnd fruit country. To many of
you; perhaps, it is known aB a
timber and livestock country.
To tell you Oregon is a dry farm
ing country might Hurpriso-ou.
To speak briefly of the geogra
phy of Oregon would mako clear
at onco the immense moisture
laden winds from the west over
the Coast range and deluges west
ern Oregon with a rainfall of
from 40 to 70 inches, which
brings generous crops of fruit
and dairy and forage products;
but as this moisture-laden wind
passes over the Cascades and
reaches eastern Oregon it has
reached high altitudes and that
moisture is practically out of
sight. There aro but remnants
of tho moisture from this wind
from tho Japan current left after
it has gotten over tho cr st of
the Cascades. More than two
thirds of tho statu lies east of
tho Cascade range-sixty thou
sand square miles of territory,
40,000,000 acres, practically a
dry farming country. Thcro are
several great irrigation projects
in the midst of this territory,
where alfalfa and fruits nre
raised, but tho great bulk of Ih0
40,000,000 acres has n rainfall of
only 10, or at tho most 15 inches,
The eastern Oregon dry farm
ing ground mny be divided into
two sections, the ono of which
Mr. Hunter lias spoken, tho Col
umbia basin wheat belt, the sec
tion which is now partially de
veloped by dry farms and which
has a rainfall of from seven to
nine and sometimes 1 toll inches
nnd south of this Columbia basin
the great country called central
Oregon, often marked on the
many maps in school geographies
still as a desert. I have just
como from a 1200-mile trip
through central Oregon, and if
those of you who are not familiar
with the dry farming country in
Oregon could have taken such a
trip I nm sure it would mako
clear tho immense territory yet
to be developed, largely through
dry farming methods.
In eastern Oregon wo havo
somo 4,000,000 acres of tillable
land susceptible of profitable crop
production under dry farming
methods. Of this 4,000,000 acres
thcro is only 1,000,000 ncres at
present under cultivation, pro
ducing nnnually somo 10,000,000
bushels of wheat. Tho great
bulk of this country is a livestock
country. Tho Columbia basin
has an aycrago elevation of 2000
feet, while the central Oregon
country has an average elovation
of 4000 feet. Tho rainfall in the
Columbia basin is about eight or
nino inches; in central Oregon it
is 10 to as high as 20 inches to
ward tho southern boundary.
Tho Columbia basin hns a silt
loamy soil, a volcanic ash, often
called an ideal soil for tho dry
farmer; tho central Oregon coun
try has a sandy loam soil, not
porhnps ho good for moisture con
serving, but it hns a higher rain
fall and those- two regions, almost
equal in thoir dry farming nrca,
W. T. I.I2STUK, A. A. I'UWKV,
Manager and Salesman. Secretnry nnd Notary Public.
THE INLAND EMPIRE REALTY COHPANY
UeiruiuntN Tlmt Which laTmtod utul Ktllublo, ami llomllu Biiuci'mfully nil Boris ol Ileal l'.Mtnto HiwIiiiwh. Wo mo
AkoiiIh For tho Kollublo
AETNA and PHOENIX FlRE INSURANCE COMPANIES
AMERICAN LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE COMPANY
THIS OREGON NUSCHY COMPANY JWD TMBWAM STATB MISERY TRliliS AIIU Till! BUST
Talk Your Itoa! Kutiito Mnltora Ovor Willi Us. Your llnaliioss Will Ha Btrlctly ConlWi'iilliU. Wo Know Our Hind.
u obi, Attend To Our ilunliHwa and Want Your Ilualuueu.
PIKST DOOIt SOUTH OP MARNBYf COUNTY NATIONAL, HANK S : HUMS ORIXION
nre also almost equal in their
comparative return for dry farm
As to tho particular practices
we beliovo tho best for this entire
section, fall plowing is the most
important, although fall plowing
is'but very Blightly practiced as
yet in Eastern Oregon, duo large
ly to the dryness of tho soil and
the difficulty in handling it at
this time of tho year. This dif
ficulty may bo avoided by discing
thoroughly tho stubble immedi
ately after harvest, preventing
the soil drying thoroughly and
catching tho early fall rains, and
making it possible to plow more
easily at that time. Wherever
fall plowing has been done wo
havo found it has worked suc
cessfully. Deep plowing of course, goes
with us as it does everywhere.
Where the farmer cannot plow
in tho fall, or thinks he cannot,
we find that thorough discing is
of the greatest benefit Where
he cannot, or docsnot, disc in the
fall, wo find that very early
spring discing beforo plowing is
of tho greatest benefit, not only
in preparing land for spring
plowing and getting rid of the
early weeds and stubble, but
making the only perfect bed for
dry weather coming later on.
Of courso in tho spring we believe
fill Wjljbrtirf.ieo packing and spring
plowing. Wo also believe in tho
more common practices, such as
the harrowing of grain in the
spring. We find that a little har
rowing after plowing is neces
sary. We find that press drilling
where n packer is not used nftcr
a drill is a great advantage, nnd,
above everything else, is the im
portance of tho tillage of the
summer fallowed land.
Many aro interested in tho
question of summer fallowing.
For Oregon, we can say that
summer fallowing will also bo
necessary over a considerable
area, where the rainfnll runs from
15 to 18 inches. As summer fal
lowing is now practiced, wo do
not belieye that summer fallow
ing is necessary every other year.
Wo believe that fallow crops may
bo substituted for that practice
in eastern Oregon, and that sum
mer fallowing is not as success
ful as it might bo if thorough til
lage was instituted. We advo
cate tho summer tillage as will
maintain a mulch, buta variation
in tho implements used in pro
ducing that mulch will lcavo tho
land somewhat rough, in order
to prevent blowing.
Tho crops in eastern Oregon
are similar to all dryfarm crops
the fall grains, of courso, tho fall
wheat of which tho Turkey Reds
and Golden Queen aro tho most
successful. Wo arc encouraging
tho growth of winter barloy.
Wo havo not tho best varieties
yet, but wo arosuro wo aro going
to find winter barley successful,
Tho crops wo aro looking for
ward to in enstern Oregon nro
tho Canada field peas and alfalfa,
grown largely for seed produc
tion. Wo beliovo that these aro
tho crops that may bo success
fully and profitably introduced
into a rotation with tho grain on
tho dry farm to offset tho effect
of continuous wheat farming and
its associated bad results. Wo
realize, however, that to grow
field peas and alfalfa and such
forngc crops an knlir corn and
milo, farming must bo done more
intensively and to do it intensive
ly the size of the farm in this re
gion must be reduced. Wo uro
suffering, as many other places
aro today, with the largo size of
the farms all over this district.
Wo find it is impossible to grow
substitutes for Bummer fallow
ing, or to grow such crops as re
quire row ci'Mvition, whore a
man has from 2000 to 4000 acres
of land. Almost 50 per cent of
tho farms of eastern Oregon aro
ono section in size or largoi
more than 640 acres. Many aro
of .4000 and somo even of 5000
ncres. .Such a man of course,
cannot understand or cannot
adopt such a method of farming
as will make his farm permanent.
We nro looking forward to tho
time when such bettor methods
of tillage and cropping will bo
used ns will mako it clear to the
farmers of this region that a half
section or perhaps a somewhat
larger farm cannot successfully
support a family and at the same
time maintain fertility.
Tho greatest need of eastern
Oregon is a closer organization
among the farmers, to bring
nbout a wider dissemination of
knowledge concerning the suc
cessful methods and at the same
time promote livestock interests
on the small farm, particularly.
We hope in the near futuro to
form a state Dry Farming asso
ciation in Oregon, which will look
to this organization as a parent,
and which will lend to a more
Pendleton gels tho branch
asylum and Dr. J. D. Plnmondon
of Athena has been named as
superintendent The state board
made the selection last Tuesday.
Baker and Union were also con
sidered as sites for tho 'institu
tion but Pendleton was consider
ed the best place for it by tho
Oregon's Christmas gift to
other reclamation states is $(,
000,000 and she has an empty
stocking as far as government
irrigation work i8 concerned. No
doubt tho direct responsibility for
the generosity is tho Oregon
delegation but tho entire state is
to blame to somo extent by not
looking out more for our intercuts.
Medicines that aid nature are
always most effectual. Cham
berlain's Cough Remedy acts on
this plan. It allays the cough,
relieves tho lungs, opens tho
secretions and aids nature in re
storing the system to a health
ful condition. Thousands have
testified to its superior excellence.
Sold by all good Dealers.
Reatos for sale, all sizes and
lengths, price 20 cents per foot.
Any ono desiring Reatos address
V. A. Ford of J. O. Alberson,
Notice is hereby gi von that tho
annual meeting of tho stock
holders of tho Harney County
Fair Association will bo held in
Burns on Monday, Jan. 9, 1911
at 2 o'clock p. m. for the pur
pose of electing a new board of
directors and any other business
that may come beforo the meet
ing. Julian Bvrii, Secy.
MOTE'S CANDY STORE
Has just rccrtu-d n fresh lot of
CANDIES, CIGARS, TOBACCO
New and handsome Post
Cards, Stationery, Ink,
Pens, Pencils, Novelties).
A SPECIALTY OF HOX CAWUY EX'iRA
Fine assortment of everything
l). II. Mull!, Hums, Oregon
Hardware and Crockery
Quns and Ammunition
of all kinds
Get our prices before buying:
C. M. KELLGG STAGE CO.
Four well equipped lines. Excellent facilities
for transportation of mail, express, passengers
Prairie City to Hums. Vale to Burns
Burns to Diamond Burns to Venator
E. B. WATERS, Agent.
RANDALL, PASSENGER & MALONEY
tt fioUTiuiicnt I.anil Locators and dealers in
! HARNEY COUNTY LANDS
ROOMS 1-2-3 01)1) FELLOW ISLDG., HUUNS, OREGON
M 5"W "VSS!99
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nj; ... RtpiesentS the....
'(& h.nne Insurance Co., of New York,
) Live pool, London & Globe,
& Fire Assurance Co., Philadelphia.
I& OFI'IOIJ WITH MUKIS & IlKJO-:. Bums, Oregon.
qL Lo'.ier .-"ouili i.f Ltinaburg & Dalton's.
i The HOTEL BURNS
1 S3. A. DIBBLE, Propt.
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GOOD, CLEAN MEALS,
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I Courteous treatment, rates reason-
: ableGive me a ca'l
: A First Clat s Bar in Connection
1 The Harriman
fg Complete line of
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m FULL AiUU U:nflPLfcTE. LlflSfc.
K K O i
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We guarantee quality amljprices Tet us proyoMo you that
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Mercantile Co. 1