The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, November 12, 1910, Image 1

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    uriiniTiii urn : i n rrr r'T iTittd ..-. . -..
fic CSrcnt Untiicy Country,
Govern on men of 0,428,800 acres ol
Iniiil, 4,031,1)01 iicrwi yet vncnnt subject
to entry under tho public land lam of
tlio United Hlalcs.
The Official Papor of lUrnejr County
lui the largMtt circulation and la one of
he belt advertising mediums In Eastern
NO 52.
-pts of Prof. Shaw's Address
at Dry Farm Congress
erv Practical Sucrcestiona mat snoism uc
en Consideration and Trial by Local Farmers
hods That Promise Success The Equipment.
ties-Herald lias received that it ia of tho highest' money
Etext of Prof. Thomas 'value, because ot tne largo yieius
,j . .. i.- , obtained. Tho yields obtained
UUlWoa KltWU fcj.vw wi
ling congress at Spokane
and prints a portion of
bblem of dry farming is
test problem that con-
i people of the West to-
from winter wheat properly
grown have in somo instances
gone boyond GO bushels per acre.
The average yield is not less than
25 bushels per acre. Tho phe
nomenally largo yields of winter
"Vl wheat arc due: first, to the ele-
IlUmimuuu ,L CAua ,. BnnnA t ihn
.i l l T I I11C11LO in uh: OUUi WWIIUi w -
Diems comuiuuu. in , . . ,, . . r . ..
... .. ., maiurinir oi mo wneai ucioro il
ion witn ituiemiiHiiKiH-,. . . , , . ..
. . lt - is niiDaired by drought, and
The problem of irri-,"1 - ... ....
one of great signifi- next to winter wheat is probably
d yet when irrigation . T " "Z
thebestthatitcando,'"'"".uctiI"""- ."" "" ,
.. . fiVanotyis mentioned because it
! Ulan IWU pel tern, ui - .... ,
id land in the West can c,an unquestionably endure more
;ht under irrigation. All arougnc wan any ouier vanu.
mainline portion, exclud- - - . -- -
t areas, must be made iIlu """ ""' . ..
:ce crops, if it is l0 pro-1 '-' "".""'"" ,.w , ',
UU lu spring uicuiumk ua nuo m-
reacly been shown. The other
spring crops that have proved
successful are spelz, white hul
less barley and oats. Spelts is
probably equal to durum wheat
in its ability to withstand
drought, and it yields well. The
same may be said of white hul
less barley. Both spelts and
white hulless barley mature early
and this means that they are less
liable to be injured than Borne
other crops by the dry weather
that usually accompanies the ma
turing of the grain. Tho oat
crop also may be successfully
crown, but not so easily as the
other croDS named, as it stools
more than these and calls for
more moisture to make the
trrowth successful.
The cultivated crops that may
bo grown are corn, potatoes,
1 .. .l !11 untr. rt IhnoA
in. ucana anu huiu iuuu ui uii
fern at all on the methods
applicable to what is
ly denominated ury
Conservation Congress
held at St. Paul, many
it features were dwelt
: the various speakers,
most important subject
ervation was never once
ed. The reference here
proper conservation of
Bture in the soil. In other
it may be spoken of as the
dtion of the precipitation
31s upon the semi-arid
lunnc what may proper-
fcnominated the period of
bwth, that is, a period
tho months of April,
iine and July. The value
noisture that falls during
lonths if properly con-
tia worth more than the
of all. other material
: farminir then may well
urage, when they think of
nitude of the work whicn
: trying to further.
s discussion of this great
(4) the crops that may
vn under dry conditions;
iition that should be fol-
and (6) the equipment of
ler during the first sea-
en he locates upon ma
rhese phases of the work
discussed in the order
i been proved beyond the
of a doubt that good
of wheat, rye, barley,
bats and peas can be grown
rimer-fallowed land, pro-
he work of summer-fal-
the land has been properly
unusual drouKht. and that
arge yeilds may be obtained
ason when the rainfall is
The advocates' corn fodder is unquestionably the
most valuable and important, it
is valuable because it will furnish
fodder to the farmer which is so
much needed in dry areas. It
will furnish more fodder than any
the plan followed, will other crop that can be grown. It
outline as follews: (1) is valuable because me oniy iinu-
s of dry farming the sue-1 tations that may be set to its
hich have been proved;, growtn are tne neeas oi mo mr-
;hods that are likely to mer and nis ability to utilize mo
methods that are rich in crop.
but have not been fully i The experience of the past sea
son has confirmed the view, mat
it is hazardous to try to grow a
cmn of cram on the -bench lands
of Montana when these have I
been plowed in tho spring
and the crops sown the same
season. If the season should
prove moist a good crop may re
sult, but if it .should prove very
dry it will assuredly fail, and tho
failure may be complete. The
growing of crops thus in the dry
country, is in a- sense a sort of
gamble. There is always an
element of uncertainty in it
which should not bo risked. The
It has also been proved season cannot bo forecasted,
I 1 t .1 ?!.. ..t.sxnAn lilt 11.113 I ItYl fT 1 t J Tl H f I Tl O
iSOnabjy gouu ciupo umucuwuiii hi""' wi.....
nonsuch land in a sea-, tho land tho previous year I or
the cron of the next season.
If. however the farmer feels
that he must incur tho hazard,
an normal. These results' some crops may be grown more
followed such preparation; surely than others in a dry sea-
;nd so uniformly that they son. Ono of these is durum
whpnL a second is sneits. anu a
third is flax. Tho flax crop can
be grown with more certainty on
spring plowed land than any
other. But when the attempt is
made to grow it thus, it should
bo sown early. It should bo
sown on a well prepared bed ahd
judiciously harrowed at tho right
stage in tho growth of the
While it is an assured fact that
a cerial crop on tho bench will
give at least a fair return after
summer-fallow properly manag
ed, provided tho crop has been
sown in season and properly
cared for, it would seem reason
able to suppose that lands devot-
1 a 4-1. a rvwtiiftnr Af n nulflvnful
;be doubted any longer.
fey will nottollow on every
ft land. Experience has
that it is much more diffi-
, rule to grow a crop in
feence of irrigation in the
lands beside tho streams
In the bencn lanus aoovo
I This is owing to tho more
baracter of tho subsoil in
crops that may bo success-
rown in the dry larming
nay be divided into three
They are (1) cereals,
ttivated crops and (3) al
, Among tho cereals winter
is beyond all comparison
at important for tho rea-
cereal crops that would give a
fair return to tho grower. This
conclusion is based on tho fact
that as far as concerns tho culti
vation of tho soil, tho process is
not greatly different from that
employed when cultivating tho
summer fallow. In both instan
ces the cultivation will bo clean
or at least H ought to bo, and in
both cases tho soil is stirred with
no little frequency. Thus far,
therefore, tho two processes aro
almost identical.
But thero is a marked differ
ence in ono respect, no crop is
grown on tho summer fallow, and
thorcfore, no moisture is taken
from tho soil in that way. A
crop is grown in tho other in
stance, and while- it isr being
grown, it is s6 fa'r taking mois
ture out of tho soil. How much
moisture will thus bo taken will
depend somewhat on tho nature
of tho crop. It follows, there
fore, that after a cultivated crop
there will be less moisture left
in the soil than after a summer
fallow. Tho opponents of this
theory of growing crops, object,
that because they take moisture
from tho soil while thoy aro be
ing grown, in the semi-arid
country, there will not bo enough
loft to assure a fair crop of grain
coming after a cultivated crop.
Tho great reliance for forage
will be alfalfa. Tho farmer in
tho dry country mu3 depend
more on alfalfa for hay than any
other cron. Haum v it can be
grown and successfully in all or
nearly all the bench land country
that is susceptible of cultivation.
On our demonstration farms in
Montata. the failure to cet a
stand of alfalfa wevo fewer than
with any other crop. In nearly
every instance tho crop was
grown on spring-plowed land. In
nearly every instance, tho crop
came up and grew successfully.
In some instances where there
was not enough of moisture to
start the seed, it camo up weeks
later. At Chinook, on a sandy
loam soil, alfalfa, sown in tho
spring gave two cuttings to tho
lower ground, the rainfall was
but 3.95 inches from April 1st to
September 1st The land was
spring plowed. At Chester al
falfa sown late in May, has given
a splendid stand on some new
fallowed land. From ono to one
and one-half tons may bo grown
per acr.e per year, and in moist
seasons even larger crops will be
What has been said, prepares
the way for what is to bo said
regarding rotation. It will bo
clearly apparent, therefrom that
a part of tho land should bo fal
lowed every year, that a part
will be devoted to cultivated
crops, and that a part will bo
devoted to tho growing of alfalfa
and pasture. Tho most profita
ble rotation will grow winter
wheat and on the summer-fallowed
land and spring crops on tho
cultivated land. Cultivated crops
will be grown after winter wheat,
tne ground being pioweu in tno
fall, the summer fallow will fol
low the spring cereals. By this
system two crops can bo grown
in threo years, whenever it is
possible to grow cultivated crops
with reasonable success. Tho
alfalfa will furnish a crop more
or less every year, and after a
time this land may bo broken
and cultivated. Tho alfalfa will
renew the land, not only by en
riching it but also by supplying
it with humus every few years,
tho alfalfa would bo grown on
a different portion of tho farm,
but a change should not bo made
until a stand had been secured
on other land. Tho proportion
of the cultivated land growing
crops should about equal that of
tho summer-fallowed land, to
properly carry out this rotation,
but of course this may bo modified.
From what has been said it
will bo very evident that a man
that settles on bench lnnd in tho
spring and breaks up sod land
with tho expectation that ho will
get a crop, may bo sorely disap
pointed. His crops may almost
completely fail. In tho autumn
ho may bo loft without any sup
port. In tho spring ho should
break up land and he should con
tinuo breaking as long as tho
work can bo done with a reason
able amount of labpr and ex
pense. But ho should not try to
grow a largo area of spring crop.
Ho should rather devote his ener-
Toward This Valley From Vale says
The Malheur Enterprise
Construction Engineer Puts in Application to O. S. L.
Directors Whriwarc Snid to be ravoraoie-uoum
Mean Buildinrof Harriman Trans-Oregon Line.
r..M .1 u..ii.i: nf d,;a Hmo fJim'urlKdiction of tho engineers'
ii. .. nmmiotmr tlmn nvnr ' corns of tho United States army,
before. A few days ago Con-1 although its head will continuo to
struction Engineer D. H. Ashton, bo tho secretary of tho interior,
of Mm local construction office, , It is said
Ho Is anxious, when tho tim
bered valleys aro opened, to havo
tho lands and the timber go to
tho permanent homesteaders,
and not to timber companies or
to speculators. On this bottom
land is moro than enough timber
to meet all tho demands of tho
homoslcador; enough, in most
instances, to net him a handsome
profit, after paying the expense
of clearing. But this profit is
not begrudged the homesteader,
if ho acts in goo 1 faith.
sent into headquarters of tno
Oregon Short Lino system at Salt
According to tho ntory received
hom from Washington, the mat-
LakoCityan application for tho J tor has gono so far that Secretary
construction of an extension of Ballinger on Oct 27 took it up
27 miles of road bed and track1 with President Taft personally,
from Vale on west, says tho Valcand it is said that tho president
expressed views mat coinciucu
with thoso of Ballinger regarding
"what ought to bo done."
Two army engineers also took
nnrt in tho conference and tho
This matter will bo taken up
shortly at tho directors' meeting
nlonrr with other proposed exten
sions to be mndo early next year, part in tlio coniercnco anu mo
It will be remembered that last president was given a clear idea
month tho stockholders of tho
Oregon Short Lino voted an in
crease of $72,500,000 to tho road's
capital stock, making a total cap
italization of $100,000,000. It is
the plans of tho Short Lino
pcoplo to uso a large part of this
money in tho construction ol tho
proposed extension from Vale
across tho state.
When asked whether ho
tlmntrlir the application for the
extension would be granted,
Engineer Ashton only smiled and
replied that ho was not allowed
to say. But tho smile was one of
satisfaction and easily a reply
that everything was most favor
able for tho beginning of con
struction work on the Harriman
trans-Oregon lino in tho spring
from this point It was also
gathered that as soonns tho 27
mile extension was completed
further appropriations would bo
made to ca'rry on tho road across
tho state to meet tho Deschutes
All this is verified by the pre
sence in Vale this week of Right-of-wnvAcent
H. B. Thompson
of tho O. S. L. headquarters at
Salt Lake City. Mr. Thompson,
who secures and closes all titles
to right-of-way wherever tho
Short Lino is to build extensions,
has been working on right-of-way
hero and put in tho past few
days among tho record books in
the countv clerk's office. .
Mr. Thompson states that
right-of-ways aro being closed
very satisfactorily in manycases
but that a few ranchers aro bound
to obstruct railroad construction
by demanding exhorbitant prices
for their right-of-way Ho has
almost come to tho conclusion
that ranchers in this vicinity are
not in favor of railroads.
as to tho plans under considera
tion, it is averred.
Many thousands of dollars an
nually iro expected to bo saved
as a result of this reorganization,
according to Secretary Ballingcr's
ideas, a3 considerable duplication
will bo done away with.
With the rumor that Nowcll is
to be removed, and an army en
gineer placed in his position as
chief of the reclamation service,
speculation finds great opportun
ity to whot itself on tho query as
to the identity of the army engi
neer who is to bo given tho job.
It is practically certain that Pres
ident Taft will appoint tho man
that Secretary Ballenger chooses
as best fitted for the office, and it
is generally believed that Ballin
gor will pick h'rs man from the
members of tho board of army
engineers that was appointed
early this year to examine and
report on government irrigation
projects with a view to ascertain
ing which are feasible and most
worthy of receiving a share of
tho $20,000,000 from tho bond is
sue passed by tho last congress.
Gossip i3 rifo in local reclam
ation circles over tho rumor that
reorganization of that service
with a view to greater efficiency
and greater economy has been
begun by Secretary of tho Inte
rior Richard A. Ballinger. This
story originated evidently in
Washington and its significance
has created quite a stir in official
dom, particularly among the en
gineers connected with tho irri
gation projects being built by
Uncle Sam, says tho Boiso Statesman.
It is rumored that within a
short time Frederick H. Newell,
director of the reclamation ser
vice, will resign to make way for
an army engineer. It has been
determined to bring this branch
of tho interior dopartmont under
Tlio Forest service is prepar
ing to open to homestead entry
a number of fertile, though tim
bered valIoy3, within the forest
reserves of tho Northwest, says
the OrcKoninn's Washington cor
respondent. Tho lands in ques
tion will not bo eliminated from
the reserves, but will be listed
for entry "under the act of Juno
11, 190G, which permits tho
homesteading of agricultural
lands within forest reserves. As
soon as somo plan is devised to
make sure that these timbered
valloy lands will fall exclusively
into tho hands of bona fido set
tlers who intend to make their
normanent residence in tho re
serves, steps will bo taken to get
tho lands on tho market so to
Henry S. Graves, who succeed
ed Gifford Pinchot as Forester,
is responsible for this now move
and is tho first official of tho
Forest Service who have been
willinir to permit settlement on
forest reserve land that is cover
ed with merchantable timber.
Mr. Graves has found, as a re
sult of his travels in tho west
this summer, that there aro a
great many valleys, following
streams heading in tho mount
ains, which could bo turned into
profitublo farms if cleared of
M-inif fimhor Ho concedes that
somo of tho western land now
timbered, is moro valuablo for
agriculture, and such lands ho
proposes shall bo placed under
(Portland Correspondence.)
Salem will play host to the con
vention of the Oregon Develop
ment League, which will bo held
at the Capital City November 28,
29 and 30. Invitations aro be
ing prepared by Secretary Chap
man of tho League and will bo
sent out soon to tho various Orc-
tron commercial bodies Having
membership in the parent body.
The coming meeting promises
to bo attended by a largo num
ber of delegates from every part
of the state. Tho Oregon devel
opment Leacrue has accomplished
a great deal in bringing tho dif
ferent sections of the state to
rcalizo tho common interest
that binds them all together and
this splendid organization prom
ises to accomplish much moro in
advancing the interests of tho
commonwealth as a whole.
A program that offers much of
interest has been arranged.
Salem pcoplo are going to hand
out a brand of hospitality un
surpassed anywhere for the en
joyment of delegates in atten
dance. A big banquet will be
tho closing feature of tho session.
Automobile rides and visits to
state institutions aro planned.
Mcdford scored during tho
past week when a car of yellow
Newtown npples, entered by that
city, carried off first prize at the
Canadian National Apple Show
at Vancouver, B. C. The same
exhibit won third prize in the
sweepstakes contest, despite the
many exhibits entered by Cana
dian apple growers and thoso of
Northwest states. This showing
is a splendid one, and indicates
that Southern Oregon fruit will
offer keen competition at Spo
kane, as well as at tho Portland
apple show.
Real estate men of the state
plan a federation whose objects
are to protect tho members and
bring about a better understand
ing between tho buying and sell
ing public. There are between
4,000 and 5,000 persons engaged
in selling real estate in Oregon
nrul it is thoucht an association
would bo an highly effective
machino for advancing the inter
ests of realty men throughout
tho Btate, as well as aiding the
development of tho whole com
monwealth. Oregon fir will bo used for tho
decks of the world's largest
steamship, the keel for which
has been laidatStottin, Germany.
Tho ship Omega has reached the
harbor for tho lumber required,
which is 2,000,000 feet. The
now liner will be operated be
tween America and Europe by
tho Hamburg-American lino and
will havo a speed of 22 knots.
She will bo of 45,000 tons gross
register, with a length of 880
foot, beam 90 feet, and will havo
accommodations for 5,000 pass
engers. Dates of tho Fifth Annual
Roso Festival havo been fixed by
tho manacement for tho week
boffinning Juno 5, 1911. Next
year's Festival, say tho officials,
will bo tho most splendid in tho
history of tho city. Now fea
tures aro being planned and
next vear's show will undoubted-
lv outdo anything of tho kind
heretofore held.
Seasonable Merchandise
Insuring Quality and Style
A new and well selected
stock of winter goods
equalled only by the
higher class city stores
bought direct from exclusiyc fur houses
New and Snappy Coats for Ladies
A fashionable line of
New things in pretty wool
garments for the babies....
Everything has the Quality and Style
Brown's Satisfactory Store
Burns, Oregon
k r
... Represents the....
Home Insurance Co., of New York,
Live- pnol, London & Globe,
Fire Assurance Co,, Philadelphia.
OFPICK Wirtl HIOOS & UlUdS. Burns, Oregon,
lorricr south of LiinaburK & Dalton'4.
! W-WS $$i
N. A. DIBBLE, Propt.
Courteous treatment, rates reason
able Give me a caU
A First Class Bar in ! Connection
Job printing Tlio Times-Herald
Mnir'and S.losLn. Secretary nd Notary Public.
KenrcponU That Which laTmto.l uml lUIM.Iu. nd IUndla BuceoH.rully allBortB ot Ileal Ebtnto Duilneii. Wo nro
ARonla For tlio Unliable
Wo Know Our Uusl-
Talk Your ltou! Kutato Mattoro Over With Us. Your HiuIneBS Will He Strictly (Jonudentlal.
iiusi, Attend To Our Uualnpas and Want Your IlUBlnoas.
I I '
Four well equipped lines. Excellent facilities
for transportation of mail, express, passengers
Prnlrle City to Burns. Vnlc to Burns
Burns to Diamond Burns to Venator
E. B. WATERS, Agent.
The Harriman Mercantile Co.
Complete line of
Groceries and Dry Goods
Gehts Furnishings
Wo guarnnteelqunlity nndlprices Let us prove'to you that
we have tho goods nt rightlpriccsCall nnd sec us
3E3CGbiri7XXELXl, 027f-
Tfc. irw Towrv t crt crw
Irst, that is tho surest crop
i bo grown; and second,
crop could also bo followed by i
(Continued on paRo )