The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, September 17, 1910, Image 1

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Wlie Vfiuea2-tcrnlQi
The Ofllolal Tnpor of Hnrnoj County
has ths largoit circulation ami Is ono of
the bit Advertising mediums in Knatorn
dragon.
idc OJrcn! 3-inmcu, (f.mnilrtj
.Couth nti iirou of 0, l'J8,S09 'iic-n-e ol
land. 4,(1111,1101 wrim yet wicnnl subject
to entry timlor tlio public land Inns of
tlio United Klnlefl.
VOL. XXIII
BURNS, HARNEY COUNTY, OREGON, SEPTEMBER 17, 1010
NO. 44
s Jvlll'JvilivJi7 wllii
U. Y RESIDE OFF LAND
fore Detailed Information Regarding
Enlarged Homesteads
ROOF BASED ON CULTIVATION
le untryman Musi Either Farm The Land Himself
or Supervise its Culture, According to Ruling of
Acting Secretary Picrce-vResidence Not Question.
fho Times-Hernid made men-iL" f,, M , '. r-
of a ruling covering the 320- hnf ,,,. , ,.. .. .....
lmTttnrnnri Inn. rri.io inlinn 1 - - .
strties the law not requiring
lual residence upon the land.
plowing is a portion of this
ing as given out hy Acting
tretnryPierce.
I'The department is unable to
in the language of the sec-
ary any authority or justifica-
for an arbitrary rule fixing
sfinite distance from the land
n'n which such an en try man
at reside or to fix a period of
le within which he must be
to reach his claim, as it be-
Fed, as stated in the regula
rs, that each case should be
SAA ....., Ur. !l
ucu uiiuii jia uwn muius ii t. . ....
en actually presented to the """ a cruf' w " cn ,3.aBrcat
- iiiiirn iiiTirrn lirnnvt t n n nun
irtment upon final proof, pro-
dries out very quickly, and if the
seeds sprout and the next rain is
too long in coming the whole
stand may die out before tho
rootlets can reach the wet dirt
down below.
"It can be seeded broadcast by
hand or drilled, but tho solid
wheel drill is not as good for tlio
purpose as the split wheel, which
I am glad to see they aro com
mencing to manufacture for all
purposes. Tho split wheel leaves
an unpacked streak in tho seed
row lor the young sprouts to
come through and obviates the
necessity of forcing their way
; or contest through the regu
official channels.
However, I think it is proper
itate that the entry provided
by this law is a homestead
it is so declared in the
ites and the entryman is re-
red to possess the nualifica-
of a homesteader, notwith-
pding the fact that the entry-
is excused from actually
ling on the land entered.
jrtheless, tho law requires
; he shall reside within such
Mice from it as will enable
to successfully farm the
rs required by this section.
It is believed that concress
that language advisedly and
it was intended that the
pman himself should person-
farm the land or personally
brvise such farming. Other-
the language employed by
ress has no meaning what-
fherefore, if an entryman
onally .farms the land enter-
auvaniage wnen the rains are
few and far between. Ten pounds
to the acre is n good amount to
plant.
"In 1908 we had two feet four
inches of moist soil to start with.
Wo planted April 15th; a soft
snow May 4 brought it up, a light
rain May 15th helped it along,
then it turned dry and did not
rain again until July 29, a total
of 10 weeks drouth. Tho alfalfa
grew about six inches high, and
we had a fine stand. We cut
weeds and all in August, leaving
it on the ground.
"Alfalfa can be planted in rows
and cultivated as often as nec
essary, but when planted in the
ordinary way it can bo cultivated
four times in the season, which
is as often as the general run of
farmers will cultivate anything.
The first year it can be lightly
harrowed in the fall or if not
very largo it can bo left alone,
for if it lives until August it will
hold its own anyway. The next
spring it can be harrowed, before
Tho recent progress of tho
school is shown by tho winning
of tho gold medal for general ex
cellence of work shown at tho
Alaska Yukon Exposition, in com
petition with tho stato schools of
Washington, California and Utah.'
A majority of tho pupils enter
school not knowing a word of
language, not oven their own
names, and tho transformation of
theso pupils into intelligent young
men and women and skilled work
ers, capable of independent, use
ful and happy citizenship, is tru
ly marvelous. A number of
graduates are successfully pur
suing courses at tho- National
College for tho Deaf in Washing
ton, D. C.
Through ignorance of tho cx-
istance of tho school, or miscon
ception of its purpose and char
acter, there aro deaf children in
many communities who arc not
sent to school nt all, or are not
sent at tho proper time. Thus
these children are compelled to
lose many years of valuable time,
and others aro actually allowed to
grow up to manhood and woman
hood, ignorant, helpless, depend
ent, unable to express their sim
plest wants in verbal language,
cut off from social converse,
mentally and spiritually starved
and stunted. Their very un
necessary plight is infinitely
worse than that of tho wholly il
literate hearing person, and sure
ly no missionary, or social or civ
ic duty was ever more sacred
than that of seeing that there are
as few such cases as possible.
Especially so, as the state pro
vides FREE every facility for tho
prevention of such disastrous re
sults. Full information regard
ing the school can be had by ad
dressing the Superintendent Stato
School for Deaf, Salem, Oregon.
THE CAUSE AND EFFECT
TO Till; TRAFFIC.
I.
Oreaonian Comments on
Farm Lands in Oregon
PAPER JUSTIFIES PRICES ASKED
Owing to tho high price of
grain nnd hay and the general in-
j- . ,, creased cost of maintenance and
VallieS Ot operation, tho following schedule
of rates of tho C. M. Kellogg stage
Co, become elective Sept.l, 1910,
subject to change without netice:
Burns and Vale
Burns to Faro Freight
Suggestions to Newcomers Who Want Land Farm
Values Depend on Fixed Facts, Climate, Soil, Con-
dition. ofr Tilling niuf Cultivation, Markets, ' Etc!
It may be that there aro states
or portion of states where growth
of tho country in people and pro
ducts is more rapid than a pro
portionate growth in cities, says
the Oregonian editorially. .Tlio
census returns now beginning to
bo issued in regard to various
Eastern or Middle Western cities,
showing a considerably slower
rate of increase than in previous
decades in the face of abounding
prosperity, seem to point that
way. In the Pacific Northwest,
and in Oregon in particular, the
reverse is true. Our cities grow
faster in population and in im
portance than the surrounding
country, and tho disparity of
growth seems to bo increasing,
though trains are loaded with im
migrants, and the attractions of
tho Oregon farm and orchard aro
advertised to all points of the
not less than seven years ago,
realize from $500 to $900 an acre
for their fruit, year by year, or
even more, no one counts, or at
least ought to, object to a price
based on four years' purchase.
And yet one rarely hears of more
than $2000 an aero being asked
for bearing orchards. In well
cared for modern orchards, there
seems no sign of or reason for
the trees growing old and wear
ing out for many a year to come,
nor does there appear any pro
bability of the market being
over run by production. Good
orchards in Oregon, then, must
be good to buy and to live on.
Coming to farming lands dif
ferent questions are met at once.
How shall a newcomer know if
he iB being asked too much? The
first caution is that he should
remember that in buying a farm
he is buying a home as well, and
1.50
2.25
3.00
5.00
7.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
Harney. . $
Cow & Rock Creeks
Buchanan's
Drcwsey. . .
Bculah .
Fopiano
Westfnll
Warm Springs
Vale
BUIINS AND PltAIlHB ClTY,
Ilardisty Sta . 3.00
Silvies 4.00
Seneca .... G.00
Canyon 8.00
Prairie City . . 10.00
Buuns and Diamond.
Narrows 3.00
Voltage 4.00
Smith 5.50
Diamond G.00
BUKNS AND VENATOR
Lawen 2.50
Harriman . ... 3.75
Venator G.00
$1.00
1.50
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
4.00
5.00
5.00
1.00
1.50
2.00
3.00
4.00
1.50
2.00
3.00
3.00
1.50
2.00
3.00
FALL SHOWING of
NEW GOODS
We are opening up our
new Fall and Winter
goods anjwjje
pleased to -have you 'm,'
Our stock, as usu;Jwi)l
be the largest in Eastern
Oregon.
INDUSTRIAL NOTES.
I CT Trt l 1 T1 frt fV r fr ti n -am An a! aa It 4 m
. . . . niii iiiii. l ii ii ii i ii r :ii'ii fin i mir
it r.ncr.nnllr ciinnrvicno thnl -. vukvihj,
I'vj. JUU14J1.T uuwi,i ngwo IIIUI 1 fl It 1 . 1
- - . t rrfiM run nnAAMH nu t a ..
'"-i uiu occuiiu jrcui iuu uiau
ivation and improvement of
fsame, the department will
Inquire as to his place of re-
ice, because the fact that he
ally complies with the re-
ements of the statute will
ite the necessity of inquiry
i his place of abode.
on the other hand, an
irman does not personally
the land or personally sup-
the cultivation thereof,
dace of residence respecting
listance from the land will
may Dy usea, cutting ucen or
shallow, according to the size of
the plants."
STATE SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF.
The fall
,.:., l-
I iiiciuii ocsaiuu ui inu now
State School for the Deaf will
open Sept 28th. The new build
ings, for which the last legisla
ture appropriated seventy five
thousand dollars, have been com
pleted and are being made ready
nsidered for the purpose of ixuo """" "" 7w
. ...v.i. ' ... occupied have been transfered to
." .7. .',.. "otn.0,tho State Sanitarium for tho
Treatment of Tuberculosis.
The new school plant ismodem
in every respect, and is most con
veniently located in the suburbs
of Salem, on a tract of fifty two
acres, on the line of tho Oregon
Electric and about a half mile
west of the State Fair Grounds.
The object of this school is to
educate the deaf children who
come to it without language of
any kind into useful, intelligent,
self-supporting citizens. This is
accomplished by means of both
literary and industrial training.
Seven literary and five indus
trial teachers aro employed. All
tho literary teachers have ro
ceiyed special technical training
for their work, principally at tho
training schools in Washington,
D. C, Northampton, Mass. and
TllitlfilnlriVttn Hninf nflnnlinM in
vvo can usually conserve I ,.,,. ,. ., . . ,
UV TUIVU IAS tllW UUf WlVJJUlllVlll Ui
speech and speech-reading among
the deaf in addition to the neces
sary instruction in written language.
Trades teaching is an exceed
ingly important part of tho work,
and this fcaturo has been greatly
strengthened in the last few
years. Tho girls aro given ample
time and skilled instruction by
special teachers in cooking, sow
ing and dressmaking; while boys
aro taught printing, woodwork,
leather work, and for thoso inter-
ontr(. rnnahrrnhn nHnntfnn la
lanting is dangerous for given to general farm nnd trarden
11 seeds which havo to bo work.
reason of his place of resi
i unable to comply with tho
Irements of the law."
DRY LAND ALFALFA.
recent issue of tho Dry
king bulletin contains some
3ting advice from E. R.
ins, a practical larmer hv-
ear Parker, Colorado. Upon !
jbject of raising dry land
a Mr. rarsons has tho fol-
jg to say:
he art of raising alfalfa
but irrigation is to accumu-
aufiicient moisture in the
and then get tho roots
; into it. Two or three feet
isture will carry the alfalfa
bio year and insure a stand
4er it rains or not. Bv
ig in the fall 10 inches
amount of moisturo by
jtime. But for those who
only six or seven inches
lit is better to fallow tho
whole year.
ry year plowing in the fall,
plained in a previous pa-
not detrimental, provided
jund is not planted until
Tho tilth of tho soil at
If plowing matters nothing,
time of planting it matters
tiling.
best time to plant is
about the 20th of April.
(Portland Correspondence.)
Members of tho Board of Army
Engineers have inspected tho
Umatilla irrigation project dur
ing the past week and upon their
report depends Oregon's chance
of sharing in tho $20,000,000 bond
issue proposed for tho completion
of reclamation projects already
under way. Tho inspectors de
clined to make any statement but
it is regarded as certain that their
report will bo favorable.
They went carefully over the
district and saw thriving orch
ards, alfalfa fields from which
three crops have been cut, and
gardens filled with fine vegeta
bles. Reclamation Service offici
als told the engineers that condi
tions on the proposed extension
of the project are more favorable
than thoso on the district where
reclamation work has already
proved so successful. Tho ex
tension of the project will irri
gate G0.000 acres additional.
The Oregon & Western Coloni
zation Company, which recently
acquired tho big Cascade wagon
road grant and will open up 800,-
000 acres to settlement, has ap
pointed Earl L. Marvin, formerly
state land agent for Idaho, man
ager of tho property, and the
lands aro now being appraised
preparatory to opening them up
for settlement. The possibilities
of irrigation on tlio lands aro be
ing considered by tho owners.
Improvements going forward
in Eugene and Medford are sum
marized and brought to tho notico
of people interested in thoso com
munities through the local papers
by Managers Freeman and Mal
boeuf of tho commercial clubs of
theso two thriving cities. Tho
plan is an excellent ono and
serves as an eye-opener to people
at home who do not realize the
extent of local betterments until
tho matter is called to their at
tention. Bend is going to get valuable
advertising in tho East by mak
ings complete exhibit in tho Ore
gon car to bo shown by tho Hill
interests. A splended collection
of products grown around Bend
will Lo included in tho exhibit,
which will bo nn object lesson in
what Oregon farms can grow.
It is certain to get good results.
Every Oregon town should have
a liko showing.
Beautification of railroad sta
tions in Oregon is planned by tho
Harriman lines and W. C. Chaso
has been appointed official land
scape architect. Eugene was tho
first citv in the stato to adont
modern landscaping ideas, for its
dopot grounds and others will
follow suit.
compass.
Many causes may bo cited.
Ono is lack of transportation for
men and their merchandise from
farm to market. This is being
rapidly remedied, and to oven
greater immediate benefit by rad
iating electric lines than by tho
trunk steam lines and their ex-
tentions. Another cause is tho
bad roads in rainy times, which
quite reasonably frighten the
women folks from taking up fnrm
life miles from town or city. A
third is shortcomings in postal
privileges, except on rural mail
routes, and especially the post
ponement, sine die, of the parcels
post. Another drawback often
felt and cited by tho newcomer
is the distance of tho farm from
religious influences of church and
Sunday school. This objection
to home-making in a sparsely
settled country may bo looked
at as a testimony lo tho standard
of living desired by these now
citizens of Oregon. But it also
reflects on the slowness with
which the religious organizations
of our stato are accepting tho
methods of the newly formed
Federation of Christian churches
by apportioning territory between
them, avoiding overlapping of re
ligious effort, and organizing
church privileges for districts yet
unsupplicd.
A fifth trouble is this: If the
newcomer is one who looks before
he leaps, he finds that in hand
ling his farm, deciding what ho
shall do with it to bring him tho
best results, how ho shall best
dispose of its yield ingrain, fruit,
stock, poultry, or dairy products
ho will bo severely let nlone to
work for his own hand, find his
own markets, tako what may bo
offered him by wny of price, sell
ing for tho lowest, buying for the
highest.
It will bo correctly said that
these soveral difficulties, and oth
ers that necessarily follow on tho
effort to set up a now homo in a
now place, aro now in process of
being cured, nnd should not dis
courage any ono who has made
the long journey hero, and so has
burned his ships. From theso,
or through these, ho will win out.
But inquiry shows that another
nnd serious causo for delay in
buying, or abandonment of tho
intention to uuy, larm lands in
Oregon lies in what seem to tho
newcomer to bo inordinately high
prices of farm nndorchnrd lands.
Judgo Lovctt rofcrred to this the
other day as being not only an
explanation of tho really slow
rato at which farms wero being
bought, but nlso as a reason why
rnilroads wore, or might be, hes
itating at pushing on extentions
of their linos.
Lot us look at thia more close
ly, Orchards nnd orchard lands
in Oregon aro in a class by them
selves. When orchards in bepr
ing in organized or developed
districts, nnd theroforo planted
that he should take time to con
sider well. One hears of people
visiting a neighborhood ono dav
and buying a farm the next
They probably would take more
time to buy a horse. Tho next
point is that farm values depend
on fixed facts climate, soil, con
dition of tilling nnd cultivation,
nearness of markets, transportn
tion and in much less degree on
buildings and fences; tho latter a
fetr hundred or thousand dollars
will set to rights the former
affects values for all time to
come. A short time spent at the
coprt house and in learning re
cently recorded prices will be
well put in. Very few Oregon
farmers are entirely cleared and
in use. Tho proportion of clear
ed to wild or partially cleared
land, and the cost per acre of
clearing in the locality in ques
tion, are very important items
in fixing values.
Last, but not least, the new
comer may fairly ask what are
nnd have been the net receipts
from tho working of the farm?
It may be that but a small pro
portion of our farmers could give
a clear and full reply. But if
farming is to bo tho business, and
the successful business, that it
may well be, just for a few
minutes, say three daily, may be
given to the accounts of the
farm. Thus a reasonable valua
tion can bo placed on a farm.
Its possibilities as well as actual
conditions may fairly be taken
into account. For beauty of
position, for homo advantages
and attractiveness, tho newcomer
can add what to him seems fit to
tho essential money value of tho
farm. Unless the seller can givo
good reasons for tho prices in
excess to thoso so nrrived at in
the buyer's mind, tho attempted
sale will probably fail. At any
rato the seller should bo ablo to
justify in sober sense tho prices
that ho asks. The Oregon farms,
East, West, North and South
alike, are worth today more, by
a largo percentage, than three
years ago is a safe statement.
That values will rise still higher
as tho now railroads aro built
and opened is also true. That is
all natural, nnd not unenrned in
crement. If this is so tho moro
reason that natural nnd not boom
prices should bo sot on Oregon
farms.
As usually treated, a sprained
ankle will disable a man for
three or four weeks, but by ap
plying Chamberlain's Liniment
freely as soon ns the injury is
recicved, and observing the
directions with each bottle, a
cure can bo effcctcd'in from two
to four days. For sale by all
good dealers.
Religious Services.
The following are Rev. A. J.
Irwin's regular preaching ap
pointments for the year 1910.
Burns the third and fourth
Sundays of each month at 11
m. and 7:30 p. m.
Sunset School House at 10:30
a. m. the first Sunday of each
month.
Narrows at 3 p. m. and 7:30
p. m. the first Sunday of each
month.
Wavcrly at 10 a. m. the second
Sunday of each month.
Lawen at 3:30 p. m. and 7:30
p. m. the second bunday of each
month.
Denstead School House at 3 p.
in. tho third Sunday of each
month.
Sunday School at Burns every
Sunday morning at 10 o'clock a.
in.
Services at the Baptist Church
first and second Sundays in each
month. Sunday School at 10 a.
m. every bunday. Prayer meet
ing Thursday evening.
W ? H i fl
mm : m
Store
isiaew
N. BROWN & SONS
Burns, Oregon.
i $ 59&&$ff
M. L. LEWIS
- waa&3Jjr
mejsmce
... Represents the...
Home Insurance Co., of New York,
Live pool, London & Globe,
Fire Assurance Co., Philadelphia.
OFFICU WITH KlOdS & HUKH. Bums, Oregon.
lorner.Soulli of l.unabuig & Datum's.
! WW WSWiS
The HOTEL
A?
S
N. A. DIBBLE, ?opt.
CENTRALLY LOCATE
GOOD, CLEAN MAL.Sf
CORflFORTABL 1 ROOMS
Courteous treatment- ratjri "e.son
able -Give m aca'l
A First Clas Bar in Con c!ion
It is not the quantity of food
taken but tho amount digested
and assimilated that gives stren
gth and vitality to the system.
Chamberlain's Stomach and
Liver Tablets invigorate the
stomach and liver and enable
them to preform their functions
naturally. For sale by all good
Dealers.
The Lone Mar
RESTAURANT
China (iforge, l'roptlutor.
Cur. Main nnd It St roots,
WBflLS AT ALtU HOUS
Bokerry In eonncetion
A Specially of Short Orders.
Tallin fiirniHlied with ovorything
tlio market aflbnlH. Your patron
afu Holioilud,
C. M. KELLOGG ST-'.Cuf CO.
Four well equipped liner. Kxu,' .cilitie?
for transportation of mail, o.pre- , utoengers
Prairie City to Burns. Vale to Burns
Burns to Diamond Burns to Venator
E. B. WATERS, Agent.
5
A Handsome Woman
Miss Alma Raymond returned
to Vale Friday of last week to bo
ready for tho commencement of
her school work. Sho visited in
Harney during her vacation with
her brother and friends in and
near Bums. Oriano.
If your liver is sluggish and
out of tono, and you feel dull
bilious, constipated, tako a doso
of Chamborlain's Stomach and
Liver Tablets tonight before re
tiring and vou will feol alricrht
in the norning. Sold by all;
dealers.
Every woman may not bo hand
some, but every woman should
keen with euro the rood points
naturo has given her. No woman
need havo sallow clan, dull eye,
blotchy complexion, who pays
proper attention to her health.
blood impurities and other
irregularities exist, good complex
ion, bright eyes nnJ .iprightly
movements cannot exist. Internal
derangement! royal tliemulvei sooner
or later on tho surface. Ilcudncho, dm It
rinui around tlio ryo, sallow sliln, n con.
stant tired fccllnanicnn ihnl tho liver
and digestive organs oro needing help and
correction. Chamberlaln'a Stomach and
Uver Tablets give this necessary help.
They work la nslur.'s own w.y. Th.y do not
m.rely flutt. Ih. bow.U but ton. up tho Uv.r nd
itom.ch la fulfill Ih.ir proper f uncllona. So rnllil
and sent!, do Ihcy cl llit on. hardly r..ilt.i
th.t thoy h.v. I.K.n medlcln.. Ch.mb.rUln'.
T.bl.tt can b. r.li.d upon to r.ll.vo billouin.ii,
Indlg.ntlon, constipation and discin.ta. Sold v
err where. I'ric. 23 cents.
1 The Harriman Mercantile Co.
GENERAL MERCHANDISE
BEST GOODS AT
LOWEST PRICES
Complete line of
Groceries and Dry Goods
Gents Furnishings
FULL AMD GQRflPLETE LIME
OF HA.ttlLTORa BtfOWW SHOES
HARDWARE
FARM hPLEIVSENTS, WINONA
WAGONS, BARBED WIRE
We guarantee quality andjpricea Let us prov? to vou thnt
we havo the goods at right u
TJ !Tw Tcwn .t O- ii
m
?KX:vv
-nll nnd see in
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