The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, December 18, 1909, Image 1

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    Wtc (Krcnl 31nnicij' Coimhtj
Cover mi iircn of I,-12S,K00 iicn ol
Iniiil. 4,1)31,051 ncrcH yet vacant iiliirl
to entry under tlio ii1j1!r land lime ol
tlio United Hti ten.
Tlio Olllolnl Pniid-of Ilnrmy County
' lias tlio IntKi'it rlrculntlon nml Isomi of
K tlio boat mlvortlalnit mnllniiiH.lii Knntorn
NO. 5
ima rr a rri-ir rrATrnrTiu.s. i..tobuilb a koadio burns., tt ma TP TTZTP JrklirTkO f7Trp more Hum one lino the
ilOlljflLlllVJbl 0 17 CUV JL JL --- HWUOJUlfc YJLU ;JLS YY JLKD J U J. will mui-vo iw n through bill
tper Writer Tells of The Great
irney Country's Bigness
l:ind Enormous Amount of Vncnnt Agricultural
lit Accounts for it by Fnct Hint Wc Arc Isolated
immcdinjc Construction of Railroads Will CImiikc nil.
hkoll, a newspaper DO, 2-11 acres being taken as homo-
rvisited this section steads, 20,'M) acres under tlio
is running ii series desert land law and 8111 acres on
... . .. .. .i i , i mm.:.. ....:..
ive articles in tne seuooi mini scrip, una amr,
a recent issue he formerly obtainable at $5 per
wniron road urantlncre. now costs the settler $S.7fi
ers and anion; other
"Wo are now getting our on- (
gineor force ready and preparing '
the notes and other necessary
preliminaries and just as soon ns
wo shall liuvo them completed
wo will begin tho work of con-'
struction on tho railroad between I
Vale and IJuniB."
Qilnli ,lln Htn lltvtrvlaf nlfltlln '
terms used last Wednesday
morning to a reporter for tho
Malheur Entei prise by no less a
person limn David II. Ashton,
engineer in charge of construc
tion for tho Oregon Short Line.
"It would bo impossible at tho
present time," continued Mr.
Ashton, "to giye definitely the
date upon which wo shall be
ready to begin work, but it is
fiulmn Mint it iitwl vnrilu
through the city will bo built1"'"1 ono of l,1 Iar''imL l,0Mt
within three months. The only Known snoep
Sheep Ranch Put Out of Business by
Forestry Curtailing Range
Starting With -(0,000, Famous Crook County Sheep Ranch llns
Reduced to 12,250 on Account of Ornziii", Allotments licing
Reduced mid Now (loinx to QuitThe Policy is Criticised.
The famous Hay Creek sheep every detail and ono of the great
ranch, located in Eastern Oregon producers of the state. There
was no expense to which ho
ranches m
per acre, wiucii is ino surest, in
dication of the increasing value
of the wild lands in central Ore
gon. Burns with about 1000 inhabi
tants and the terminus of the
four stage linos, is respectively
213 miles from Shauiko, 102
miles from Austin, 181 miles
from Vale, and 28-1 miles from
Winueinucca, the nearest railroad
points. Harney the second town
of size, has 100 people, Lawen
and Narrows, near Malheur lake,
and Denio, near the Nevada line,
are small trading posts, eacn
with a general store. The other
postoffiees are merely ranches.
ilarriman, Alberson, Waverlv, I
aim Voltage arc new nost oflices,
established on recently taken1
homesteads along the line of rail-
road surveys. I
The marsh deposits of sodium i
borate in southeastern Harney
theory, and the road county, which extend over 10,-
any presented the 000 acres south of Alvord lake,
s a mark of appro- have been made famous over tho
country through the "mule-team
ipal object of our, borax advertisements, these
trip having been to j borax deposits have been opera
lands open to the ted several years, with a large
homesteader and! refinery on the ground, and
af this sectien:
(foreign bankers are
a streak of human
almost human in-
I Owing to Oregon's
lroad transportation
lot believed the time
cing their lands on
l but meanwhile they
reasonably liberal in
pise and in encourag-
ments. an instance
wonderful young
tew miles west ot
Inrney county busi-
shed to demonstrate
that even the sagc-
bs of the road grant
ibirrigated and suita-
khards producing all
lOregon fruits. The
his money and of-
planting and cultiva-
irchaid, successfully
matter to be settled is securing
of the right-of-way through the
Mr. Ashton at the present
time is in charge of the construc
tion work on tho lino from Hunt
ington to Lowiston, wiucii wi
United States, has been forced
out of business on account of the
Forestry Bureau's policy of con
serving the forest reserves. J.
G. Edwards, owner of the fa
mous ranch of 27,000 acres, said
yesterday that he had been
soon be completed to Homestead. ' forced to the wall by the (Jov
- - - ernnient's policy and he had de-
llarrlmim'rt I'slatc. Icidcd to cut tip the big ranch
land sell it, savs tho Orogoninn.
The final appraisal of the estate ' Several years ago Mr. Edwards
of tho late E. II. Ilarriman came to Oregon from Wyoming,
places it at a value of $U9,000,- w"m ho had a range with 100.
nnn Tii! : ti.,m sr,n nun . 000 sheep, the largest in the
000 over tho most liberal esti
mate made when it was a matter
of speculation. As a rule, when
an appraisal of an estate of
great wealth, which is
talked of, is made, the public
estimate is found to be greater
than the fact. Estates shrink
country. Ho selected Hay Creek
as ideal for a sheep country, sold
his Wyoming inteiests and
started the big establishment in
much ! Eastern Oregon. In 1D0G he had
-10,000 head of sheep, which lie
wintered on his 27,000-acre ranch
and "which he kept on the range
under careful examination. Hut 'e uwrnme..t torosi reserve
in the present case the contrary '" tho summer months.
has been the fact. It is niuch'l That year the Forestry Hureau,
larirer than even his intimates I " lncy conservation,
supiKised. The wonder
that such a great estate
have been accumulated in the
time it was. Mr. Rockefeller's
great wealth was mult up in a
of it is I'dwanis' allowance oi range to
should II KOT'iory suiiiciont lor only zi,-
000 sheep. Mr. lid wards sold a
large number of sheep "d con
tinued. In 1003 came another
m.riful Pm-nrinff ,10 vrmra- Mm! f 'Order for II -10 per COIlt Cllt
! .w- vi. .w...n ... .7 v rp '. .. m .
Mr. Carnegie in about the same ' H w ,0"-ll "!ir" ',
linn, it t.,nk m,w. imnmiiilnim' Edwards, who had it modified to
Btich lands will pro-1 about d00 tons of refined borax (to build up the Astor and Van- iwr com, nnu no was pornm,
jre surprised to find ' has been produced annually anil clcrbill fortunes to their nresent
Sands all through tho, hauled by lG-mulu teams to Win-1 mammoth nronortions . The
ternating with the i ncmucca on the Central Pacific Mnriran estate was erected on
anils. In view of the
land hunger that pre
leastern states, and
I accumulations made in a nrior
Crossing the plateaus west of .veneration and the time in which
Harney valley, we passed through ti,e ereat iijii Kennedv and
bject-lesson of that , the largest black sagebrush we j Strathcona fortunes were made
chard on the Harney had seen in Oregon, and des-. WI1S not i,,ss i.mi -m Vi:iim Ynt
only way one can cended into the beautiful Silver jir Harriman's irreat accumu-
?flwcn imtnknn hmno. niflr vnllriv Rvnrfil inilria 1Mft..i: l !,!.;
ii"v-"' -... .....-.,, ... - uiuuiirt were iiiuiiu wiiiiiii a per- ... ..
f the fact that settlers I area, and noted for its natural j0(i 0f q yoarSi jt js wit10Ul' scale it cannot be a success.
ted to continue with 17,500 head
of sheep on the range. A few
days ago he received notice of
another reduction of 80 per cent
in his range allotment and now
that he can give range to only
12,2T)0 head of sheep he has de
cided to retire from the business,
asserting that unless the sheep
business is carried on a gigantic
o far from rail trans- grasses. All through this coun-' ,mrallel in the hisforv of self.
, try both the lowlands and bench ina,i0 fortunes of huge' amounts,
i f this general hosi- lands have excellent soil, audi Brooklyn Eagle.
only the few pio- good well water is struck at shal-
-tinrl Hv lil.'i'o iu ' low dontliu
rush of homeseekers Waring, a government expert,
the railroad builders. I discussing the artesian and
not to be long do- ground water resources of the
fcgh Harney county. ' Harney country, savs that whole
.of the Oregon East- region is likely to develop arte
b" the long road grant isian wells, because of the for-
"state, and already mation of the basin-like valleys
jents have approach-1 and the subirrigating flow of
It owners for rights moisture that scops down lroni
bugh eastern districts the hills. Since many of theso
where the railroad ranges of hills are timbered, the
Isc i grant sections. reasonableness of tho theory is
re at present but M increased, for it is a well known
In the Harney valley ' conservation principle that for-
mprises one-half of'ested highlands husband tho
larney county. While winter and spring moisture, to
I business of the liar- be doled out through natures
for 190!) showed channels for the benefit of the
percent increase, and j growing crops on lower levels.
eekers stopped in Ore- Waring cites numerous instances
13400 of these came to , where wells drilled 1)0 to 250 feet
knd of tho remaining1 produced artesian water that
I few hundrel reached ! roso to within a few feet of tho
Bgon. At the Burns surface.
ithis year about 400
Job printing The Times-IIerahl
vc filed on homesteads,
)lcii(li(I Qpportun Up For Stockmen
ife will sell the part of tho holdings of tho Ameri-
and & Live Stock Company known as tho Colony
located on Colony Creek in the southern part of
County. This is a fine ranch, consisting ol
fourteen hundred (1400) acres, sovoral hundred
pf which is in fine meadow. We would like to sell
ic Colony Ranch about cloven hundred (1100)
it land which we own in northern Nevada, near
lony Ranch which was located by Mr. Sisson on
of tho water advantages. Easy termswill bo
540 Commercial Na' I Haiitclildf.,
Chicafo, III.
All parties owing Lewis & Gar
rett, or Simon Lewis aro hereby
notified that all these accounts
are in the hands of our attorney
C. II. Leonard for collection and
settlement. Persons indebted to
us will please settle the same
with Mr. Leonard at once.
Simon Lijwis
J. T. Gakkbtt.
Thrco Merino bucks for sale.
Seo J. A. Oard, Lawen, Oregon.
It is tho Government's policy
right through which has forced
me out of the game," said Mr.
Edwards, at the Portland Hotel.
"I cannot" continue fin business
with this small bunch of sheep
on the big ranch, and now all I
Mr. Edwards believes that the
Forestry Bureau policy is bad,
not only for him but for tlio state
and country at large. It could
have no other effect, ho said
yesterday, than to drive great
industries, such as he had built
up in Eastern Oregon, out of ex
istence. He' had created a ranch
which had becomo famous the
country over, was a model in
mmmmm mm&mm&'&& : y:y&m
The Harriman Mercantile Co.
Complete line of
Groceries and Dry Goods
Gents Furncshmgs
We guarantee quality and prices Let tm prove to you that
we have the"g()odsatrrightJprici'S Call andscc us
TJ !Tw Tawn t Citini Crt.k aa.v
would not go to build up his line
of sheep, he said, and he import
ed rams costing thousands of
dollars and by systematic breed
ing produced a sheep which had
wool from its nose to its hoofs,
the only sheep of Rb kind in ex
The Slate Railroad Commis
sion, which has been investi
gating the livestock contracts in
uso on the railroads of Oregon,
has entered an order prescribing
a uniform contract for the use of
all railroads in the state. All
parties interested have been
and it is believed that the labor
of the Commission represents the
fairest form of contract, when
tho interest of all concerned are
considered, that it is possible to
frame at this time.
At the r quest of the Railroad
Commission the last Legislature
passed an act which makes it un
lawful for a carrier t change or
limit its common law liability
when handling livestock ship
ments, unless permitted to do so
by the Commission. The act
also makes it tho duty of the
Commission to prescribe a uni
form contract that shall be just
to all concerned.
Many of the one-sided provis
ions of the old contracts have
been eliminated. Salient fea
tures of the new contract are:
I. If the shipment is over
lading, its proviciious inuring to
the benefit of and being binding
upon all connecting carriers.
This will do away with the pres
ent practice of reciuiringshippers
to sign a new contract every
timo the shipment passes to ii
connecting carrier.
2. The carrier is held liable
only for loss or iujury caused by
its owi neglifonce.
,'(. Thecarjior not liable for
loss or damage due to acts of
God, the public enemy, authority
of law, or acts or defaults of the
4. Shipper agrees not to load
a car if he finds defects which
make it unsafe or unserviceable,
and agrees to notify agent and
demand necessary repairs before
5. Shipper agrees to load and
unload his stock nnd to see that
the shipment is accompanied by
attendants to look after it. He
must see the doors are fastened
and kept fastened. The com
pany is liable for loss or damage
in loading, or unloading only
when same is caused by its own
0. If shipper neglects to send
attendants and railroad employes
act as attendants it is done at
shipper's risk.
7. Shipper assumes risk of
loss or injury to stock when
caused l-y any of them being
wild, unruly or weak or from ill'
effoct'of being crowded in cars.
8. Shipper agrees to protect
the carrier if his stock is infected
with any disease.
1). Lien of carrier for freight
charges is not effected by
val of stock from train or
10. In event ol loss or injury
Advertising to Sell Cheap Clothes
docs not happen to
the merchant Hcllinu
the Stein-Block foodu
arc Hold only bp
and worn in New York
and all large cities
If Your Clothes Fit,
are stylish and wear,
gou arc a satisfied cus
tomer. We carry the
Stein-Block Line
of ready to wear cloth
ing, considered the fin
est, best fitting clothes
PiiiiSfff i ft
Satisfactory Store
Burns, Oregon.
is known by the harness he uses
! 3S: A VAQUEivO by the saddle he rides.
SftrnatoSil!vyinTntthe Evere horseman should have the
stock. ! i . i . i . i . i
uesc, Doin as ro quality ana price.
You can get highest quality
and lowest prices at
Harness arLd. Saddles
11. It provides that all suits
or actions for the recovery of
claims for loss or damage must
be begun within GO days after
the shipper lias recieved notice
that his claim is refused.
12. The valuations covering
ordinary livestock are as follews:
Each stallion or jack, $100; horse, !
mule or ass, $75; horse, mule or",
ass colt, $25; burro, $20; burro
colt, $5; bull, ox, or beef steer, I
$10; stock or range steer, $2o;
beef or milk cow, $35; stock or
range cow, $20; calf $10; fat hog,
$12.rU: stock or range Hog, or
pig, $7.50; fat or mutton sheep,
$1; range or stock sheep, $3;
goat. $2.
Job Printing.
I If 1 IB litilr v i II 11 f i IS
Complete, Slu'glil Llns kCtylw.rd
ItemovaMc aik! lnteicting.blo Platen.
IUII llf.lum Cdriage
KemiiLle Tlultur lUcl
Simple Slrncil Cuinnn Device
Drop Fot(!l Tyiw Dun
I 'tiled Lino Ijjct
Dicliiome Idhlion
Uniluim Tuucli
Hall Dealing Type liar
Column I imler anil I'aragtaplicr
Decimal Talmlatoi
Vmlile Willing
A Key (in Lvenr Clmiatlef
I'eilrcl Biaung rocililin
Inletchange.ilile Carnage.
Iliglit anil l-t(l Cellule Kcleaia Level.
Swinging Marginal Pack
Protected Hilton
Gear Driven Caniagei
Ribbon Controlled (torn KeylHiard
Variable and Line Spatei
Pei (eel Du.l Cuard
Hack Space Lever
Carriage lleterdcr
Improved Marginal Slop.
Ltcapement, Speedie.t liver Deviled
Theio ore featttrei which make tlio
Smith Premier the choico of the
man who investigate, comparative
AH necessary operations in
writing, billing or Statistical work
are accomplished from the key
board of the light running, easy
adion Model 1 0 (Visible)
Wnlefor inlornialion to
The Smith Premier Typewriter Co., Inc.
Syracuse, N.Y. llraitcliea everywhere