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About The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 20, 1909)
This Oflloltil l'npor of Unrnoy Cmuily,
line llio iHrjiiwt clirtilntlon inul Isono of
tlio Wl mhcitlf n imtlliunH in Kuttoin
ftftetfji-cnl 3-fnnieu CCotiiilrrj
Couth on nrcn of OSS.SOO ncirt of
Ininl, 4,0:11,001 ncreB jol uicnnt auhjcct
to entry under tlio public Innd ln of
lliu ITnllcd Hlnti'H.
HUKNS, 1IA11N12Y COUNTY, OREGON, FEBRUARY 20, 1009
M r M fa. y 4fet. J Ik. Mtor .A. A ! ! A .Ak A. jfe A. vok
?OLD WEATHER EFFECTS
Mow to Detect and
folE RECENT FREEZE DISCUSSED
Although Hnrney County
Weather This Article
Fruit Raisers Injury
By C. I. Lewis, Profcsssorof
Horticulture, 0. A. C.)
The recent spell of very cold
eathcr was very unusual and is
lid to have been the coldest in
years, and only three times
nee 1SG0 has such weather been
perienced in many of our loca-
tks. I Ins cold weather has
v scd much concern among
nut growers, many fearing that
lie trees are severely injured,
the 0. A. C. experiment statiop
fl.u received many conimunica-
ons f rom annus parts of the
Uo. a Kin' for information on
Jus ubji.ct. The present indi-
il. ns are that tlio loss was
itncr li-ht, especially in scc
op wi it of the Cascade moun-
tuns. Some injury has been
lie in sections of the inland
Injuries from freezing are of
qo kinds: Firht, those that
.1 nj.ro fruit buds, especially on
icii fruits as the almond, peach.
p, K'oianu encrry; anil, second,
in e that damage the twigs and
tun the main branches and
unl. . 01 trees. A few commun
ations have been sent in 0011-
cwung cheery trees that were
uite severely injured by spht-
mg, one man reported cracks
hree feet long and one-fourtli
Such Injury would only come,
loweve , m cases whore trees
re v ry much overgrown and
,v!k u they are not allowed to
uuure properly. Many people
re asking, How much cold does
L take to kill the body of the
free? The answer is that it de
bends entirely upon conditions.
alio kind of soil has an influence.
njury is apt to be the heaviest
n unprotected, dry sou. ror-
unately this year in nearly all
ocalities a heavy fall of snow
receded th cold weather, thus
rotectingt 10 ground. The type
f growth 01 tlio tree would de-
ermine the 1 nount of injury to
Trees that are matuted proper
ly and have hard wood and buds
kvill suffer comparatively little,
fcpple trees in this condition being
know n to stand over 40 degrees
below zero. Trees that have
oft wood and buds are' affected
By a much K-,s degree ot cold,
feuds that have swollen sonie
Ivhat will not btand as severe
fold as dormant buds. Peaches
nave been killed with five de
frees bfl zero, and on the
ther hand have been known to
ionic saff ly through 30 degrees
elow zero. In one case I know
f "omc peach buds slightly
wpllcn that withstood a temper-
ture of 14 degrees below zero,
ut this was for a very short
ime only, rrotrnetcu cold ai-
as means more injury.
Where the trees arc badly in-
red, it in quite easy to dolpct
ch condition, but one cannot
come absolutely certain lor
me time. Trees have been
own to flower and set fruit and
vclop leaves of considerable
z and then suddenly die as
.0 lCsult of winter injury.
!ruit buds that are injured are
rk in the inside, while wood
at is turned brown and has he
me quite badly discolored is
tired. This injury, however,
ght not be severe enough to
;ll the tree. Injury to the main
nkofa tiee is generally de
leted by cracks, peeling off tlio
Where fruit buds are injured
re is nothing that can bo done
simply meaning that there
II be no crop tlio following
ir. Only in rare cases, how-
r, are all the buds killed.
ach growers who find that tho
it buds are killed should lake
(Vantage of tho knowledgo of
condition and pruno their
so as to develop a good
Treat The Frozen
a Cold Spell
Mas Experienced No Unusual Cold
Will he of Alorc or Less Interest to
of Fruit liuds Concerns us Most.
amount of wood for tho next
Where twigs are Jnjured, they
should be headed back to tho live
wood, and in fact it is always a
good plan where twig injury is
found to any degree to practice
quite severe pruning,thus throw
ing all the vitality of tho tree in
to fewer buds. This may ennblo
tho tree to overcome tho shock.
Whore the trunks are badly
split the only thing that can be
done is to cut the ragged bark
and wound down to live tissue,
wash with Bordeaux mixture,
winter strength, and fill up the
wound with gntsting wax.
Where pencil buds are subject
to winter killing, whitewashing
is sometimes practiced, as it is
thought that in some cages this
retards the buds, keeping thorn
High altitudes, which are sub
jected to more or less winter
killing, have a special problem of
their own. In dry soils, where
over it is possible, practice fall
or wintor irrigation. A dry soil
and a low temperature makes tho
hardest conditions for a tree to
overcome. Additional protection
can ho given by wrapping the
trunks and main branches with
Iin IS STlU. SINOINO OUK I'KAISIIS.
,Mr. Bennett Talks
Uolse And Will
Kcpc.il it Later.
The "Old Man" is still at it.
Mr. Bennett went out from hero
Jo Boiso and got. next to tho
Capital News in an interview.
Ho is a good missionary and after
telling of his trip in, of the cold
weather prevailing over the sup
posed moderate climate along
the Columbia, he centinues:
"In Harney county I found I
was -ill another land; another
climate prevailed. Wintor no
longer held us in his grasp, but
spring, in all its mildness and
balminess reigned. There was
but a trifle of snow on the
ground, the birds wore singing,
the cattle and sheep dotted the
landscape and biowsed upon the
dried bunch grass and the suc
culent green grasses around tho
clusters of sage brush.
"I spent sevoral days in Bums
gotting acquainted and posting
myself on conditions and statis
tics, and then I was driven for
six days over the wonderful
"Seeing Europe in six days'
would imply that the one who
saw missed much; and how, ihon,
could one see much of Harney in
flmr lnncrlir of limn?
"However, I got some 70 or 80
miles south of Burns, look in tho
country twenty or thirty miles
west and as far east, and saw
tho most much from a distance
of tho wonderful Harney basin,
and basin it is, for from fiO to
100 miles from all directions tho
country is drained into Malheur
and Harney lakes, which have no
"I never seen a finer country
than much of which I traversed.
I rode mile after mile, hour after
hour, through sagebrush ton foot
high, whero tho soil was as black
as night; I went up tho valley of
tho Dundor and Blitzen rivor to
tho baso of Stein's mountains a
valloy 30 miles long by two to
threo wide, well watered, tho
soil being n vcgetablo mould eight
"I saw on ovory hand thou
sands of sheep cattlo and horses.
I passed prosperous towns, talk
ed with ranchmen, morchanlH,
buckaroos and laborors, and
found tho most prosperous, happy
and contented people I over mot
m my life.
"I found tho jails empty, tho
marshals idle, while overy man,
woman and child hesido was busy.
Not an idlo man, not n tramp,
not ti hobo in tho country.
"As said at first I was tho
guest of tho Burns Commercial
club, and my trip wub for tho
purpose of working up an inter
est in tho coming session of tho
tho' Drogon-Idnho Development
congress, to bo hold at Boiso on
That congress was organized for
tho purpose of exploiting a rail
road form Boiso to Coos hay, and
while such a road would ho of
tho greatest benefit to central
Oregon, and Harney in particu
lar, it would open to Boiso a field
of trade which no power-could
wrest from her, for tho people of
that great interior section feel
that with tho co-operation of the
people of Boise, and in that way
alone, can they secured a rail
way, and without such thoy are
bottled up, and even though pros
perous they are practically out
of tho world.
Everywhere I found this feel
ing of loyalty to your city. At
overy point I found the people
talking Tho Boiso & Coos Bay,'
and asking what thoy could do
to assist in tho work.
"Tho coining meeting hero
will "lie an important one.
A largo delegation will attend
J rom llarney and 1 hope your
jH'ople will take an interest in it,
and that the Capital News will
give it the same measure of pub
licity vouchsafed by you to our
meeting at Vale in December,
where you had the only special
newspaper representative pres
ent, and gave a splondid account
of the proceedings."
Mr. Bennett leaves this even
ing for Caldwell and will also
visit Ontario, Payette and Weis
er, then he will make a brief
stop at Baker City before return
ing to his labors at Irrigon. IIo
will return to Boi&o in time for
tho corning meeting and will ad
dress the congross, his subject
being "Three Wooks inHnrnoy."
CPMINfl TO SGR US PAIR VEI:K.
Warm invitations to Portland
business men to visit Harney
County next October were given
Portland businessmen by a dele
gation from Burns, Or,, yester
day at the conclusion of tho Com
mercial Club luncheon. By pre
vious arrangement, the party
from Burns met in the green
jMirlor of tho Commercial Club,
at 1:30 P. M., and a large num
ber of business men were in at
tendance. It is probable that
$jny may. go from Portland to
Burns next October.
A. II. Dovors presided at yes
terday's meeting and after mak
ing a short talk, introduced Sen
ator A. W. Gowan, of the visit
ing delegation. IIo" Spoke brief
ly and William D. Ilanley, presi
dent of the Burns Commercial
Club, invited the club members
to make the trip into tho inter
ior. The exact dates for the trip
were not decided upon but it was
thought best to run tho excursion
somotimo in October, when tho
Harney County Fair will bo held.
' A number of Portland people
made short talks, among them
being John S. Beall and Julius
Durkheiiner. Tho latter was for
merly a prominent merchant of
Burns. Delegates from Harney
County in attendance at the
mooting yesterday were William
D. Ilanloy, Senator A. W. Gow
an. G. A. Smyth and F. S. Mil
Blue punts of any township in
Burns Land District, showing
name of entryman, date uid kind
of entry, topography, etc., $1.00
each. Plntt T. Randall, Burns,
w S-i -.k-
IliU Of filial (lot u Raise In Salary. (
One Promise That
IS NOT WORTH
Article I Voin The Telegram
Prospects in Southeastern
Mr, Harrimun is receiving con-
sidorable publicity tin oughout the
undeveloped portion of this stato
at tho present time, somo of the
remarks not being altogether
complimentary. This is how the
Prineville Journal puts it:
There was only one time when
Harriman ever said anything
about Central Oregon that tho
people really believed ho meant.
Not that Harriman believed it
when he said it but Hint it ex
pressed his intentions toward this
section. Thai was when ho said
that all of Central Oregon was
not worth building a railroad in
to. Then he proceeded to "bot
tle it up" a little tighter. When
other companies made moves to
ward constructing a road into
this grout empire Harriman got
busy with promises and survey
ore and was going
to do the big
thing by the first of January.
But he hasn't done anything yol,
but got 11 few "stragetic cinches"
along the Deschutes, and now
according to tho Portland Tele
gram it is all off That paper
Stagnation twice eon founded ,
now characterizes the Harriman
"activities" throughout tho on- (Portland Correspondence),
tire Northwest. Not only has tho Tho business men, ministers,
"wiward of WrII street" thrown school children and citizens of
down Central Oregon, but ho haH.Porrtland .generally are busily en
uiulorgone a eomplote change of gnged this week sending in per
heart all up and down tho line, sorlal letters to their friends a
Reports fmm Seattle intimate in leaflet, which in addition to most
stronger terms that Harriman
hns little or no idea of pushing
forward his Paget Sound ox ten-'
lion of the Union Pacific. Dis-I
patches from that city show that
it has been more than a year and !
a half since the contract for the
1,500,000 tunnel under that city
was awarded, and not a shovel
ful of earth has been turned.
iiairunans usual cry
"weather" when either lie or
lien tenants are asked why
progress is being made on
many piomised project.
is the weather bad.
He has mado Oregon the real
"Promised Land." IIo has
promised this stato more tilings
in the way of new railroads in
the past five years than an ordi
nary hard working map of the
stato would hold. Building roada
into central Oregon bus become
a Harriman state of mind- pure
ly a mental condition. Every
now nnd then, iit his own mind's
eye, ho builds tho Hot Air &
Oregon Eastien or a Dreamland
Central, the Coos Bay & Night
mare Western, the Deschutes &
Dopoville Southern. It has got
so now that I'-ere is a common
user clause 111 allot Ilaniman's
promises. They will fit Central
Oregon, Coos Bay, Tillamook,
Seattle, Tacoma. Grays Harbor
and any other place.
Evory timo somo other railroad
actually ddes something for this
section of tho country, Harriman
comes to bat with a promise.
Ho did it when the Hills announ
ced the building of tho North
Bank. With one hand he prom
ised lo do tho square thing by
Oregon and with U10 other ho
Tlil One Did Nut.
if ' w -
' Tf K
People Believe He
When Clipping an
Commenting Upon the Railroad
Ccnlrnl OregonOne Promise.
fought for two years to keep the
now Hill lino out of Portland,
and did nothing himself.
Auout tho timo it was announ
ced that tho Hill officials would
bo out hero in force to assist in
tho dedication of tlio now water
grade line, Harriman came west
with another batch of promises.
When Coos Bay people threaten
ed drastic measures at a Congress
held there last Summer, Harri
man shot a few glowing promis-
that direction. Perhaps
significant still was tho
scurrying of the Harriman peo
ple to the "promise box" when
the Oregon Electric Company an
nounced its invasion of the sne
red preserves of Edward II. Ac
cording to the head of the Union
Pacific, ho would make the Har
riman railroad map of Oregon
gon look like a skein of yarn af-
j tor a kitten had played with it
beforo ho got through.
It has always been "Mo too"
with Harriman, only the other
fellow builds while Harriman
1 effectively advertising the fact
that "Oregon is the place for
you" and giving the low colon-
ist rates to this sLitc, contains
tlio following condensed facts on
Has one-sixth the standing
timber of tho United States, or
more than any other state. Gov
ernment estimate, three hundred
A vast undeveloped area now
available to the homemaker and
investor will go on the mnrkot in
1003. This will bo tho most
luscious melon cut in Uncle Sam's
domain during the present year
Has arable land enough for
twenty million people. Present
Does more than any other state
to advance irrigation, being the
largest contributor to tho United
States Keclamation Fund.
Is natural dairying state. An
nual product $17,000,000, an in
crease from $5,000,000 five year
ago. Western portion lias pas
ture overy month in tlio year.
Hanks, second in wool clip among
Oregon apples, pears and cher
ries find their way to the tables
of sovereigns and multi-million-airen
of overy civilized land they
aro tho best. Returns of from
$300 to $1,000 per aero on fruit
lands aro not exceptional.
Poultry products $5,000,000 an
nually. Local market demands
threo times that amount at high
Has water powers (being rap
idly developed) suincient to run
all tho machinery in tho United
Livestock in stato estimated at
$75,000,000-packing plants now
building insure trebled market.
Has two prosperous mining
sections, located in tho eastern
and sou thorn portions of tho
stato gold, silver, iron, copper
and oil among tho products.
lias diversity of climates and
soils suited to overy product of
tho tempcrnto zone not depend
ent upon hot nights.
1 Hunting and fishing aro strict-
1 ly forbidden upon nny of tho
I Pacific Livo Stock Co. ranches.
Trespassers will bo prosecuted.
WHAT GtiER FOUND OUT.
Hon. I. S. Geer returned home
Monday evening from his visit
to Salem and other outside points
He wns accompanied homo by
his wifo and children who had
been visiting at Silverton since
Mr. Gcor spent more or loss
timo at the legislature during
his months' absence whero ho
put in a word at overy opportu
nity for legislation desired in thin
section. lie feels wo shall re
ceive some benefit from tho leg
islature. The dry land experiment sta
tion bill was slightly amended in
the house, but ho is quite sure
the sennto will concur in it as it
was a minor matter. It seems
that a second bill of a similar
nature had been introduced and
as a compromise the words "es
pecially Harney counly" wore
stricken from the Pnrrish bill.
In that manner the other bill
was allowed to die without a
struggle. It really made no dif
ference, as this objectionable
clause was merely in the pream
ble and did not definitely fix the
location of tho proposed station
in Harney county as some thought
Had tho bill passed as originally
drafted the location would have
been left to the authorities.
Mr. Geer says the business
men of Portland are thoroughly
aroused over tho railroad build
ing question and aro determined
to fight to a finish for a lino into
central and Southeastern Oregon,
They will urge tho passing of the
bill amending the constitution
making it possible for the state
to bond for the purpose of build
ing railroads if necessary. They
say Mr. Harriman has not treat
ed this state right, has taken
profits mndc in this state to build
elsewhere and into territory not
particularly needing transporta
tion facilities, but more to fight
rival lines. The recent meeting
of the Chamber of Commerce in
dicated the feeling nnd a delega
tion went to Salem to urge the
passage of the proposed bill. It
has passed the house.
Mr. Geer found much interest
shown in this section from overy
source during his visit and be
lieves it will bring good results.
He found men, who aro in a
position to know, that insisted
the inland empire would soon
have transportation. He could
get nothing definite ns to dates,
A Common Cold.
Wo claim that if catching cold
could bo avoided sonic of the
most dangerous and fatal dis
eases would never be heard of.
A cold often forms a culture bed
for germs of infectious diseases.
Consumption, pneumonia, diph
theria and scarlet fever, four of
tho most dangerous and fatal
diseases, aro of this class. The
culture bed formed by the cold
favors the development of the
germs of these diseases, that
would not otherwise find lodge
ment. There is little danger,
however, of any of these diseas
es being contracted when a good
expectorant cough medicine like
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy is
used. It cleans out theso cul
ture bods that favor the devel
opment of tho germs of these
diseases. That is why this rem
edy hns proved so universally
successful in preventing pneu
monia, it not only cures your
cold quickly, but minimizes the
risk of contracting these danger
ous diseases, for sale ny all
WANTED-About 5000 head of
good, young breeding owes. Ad
dress, giving nges, price, etc.,
Tho American Land & Livestock
Company, Denio Oregon, also
same caro of tho First National
Rnnk, Burns, Oregon.
JAMKS E. ROUNSKVILLK,
Foil SalkA good second hand
Clarinet Inquire at this office.
Job printing Tho Times-Herald '
List your property with the Inland
Empire Realty Co. if you desire a quick sale or trade
Brown's Satisfactory Store.
You certainly are interested
in the largest and most com
plete. Stock of New Fall and
Winter Goods carried in the
We" are showing everything
new, no exceptions and to buy
early at our place means a
I better selection.
and waists Direct Importation
N. BROWN & SONS,
The Harney Valley Brewing Co.
Fure Soda Wtox
Family Trade Solicited Free Delivery
T. E. JENKiNS,Manager
HE CAPITAL SALOON,
TUISCII A' DONEGAN, Proprietors.
Burns, - - Oregon.
ILva-ire Tlxis 33:ea,d.q."ULa,rters..
Wines. Liquors and Cigars.
Billiard and Peel Tables.
Club Rooms in Connection.
S CHEAPER TflAll
MONUMENTAL LI KZC COMPANY,
wudo ciMjir. con:.
. J1TKHA8 flSfi
MeMiIe jpW( ST01IE
Ovor OOO IflU lEfll Sond (or
Donutlful I Hi' ljPflco List .1
Doolgna. hSp mt Circulars.
The OVERLAND HOTEL
Afford the Best Accommodations
to be had in Harney County
CLEAN ROOMS, ruE"N blNNEN, PALATABLE VICTUALS
The patronage of all guests under the old management
:E3ates par d.a,37, 1.25
H ndertion Elliott. Pront.
I'ur that Terrible Itclthiir.
Eczema, titter and salt rheum
keep their victims in perpetual
tormonr. Tho application of
Chamberlain's Salvo will instant
ly allay this itching, nnd many
cases have been cured by its use.
For sale by all good dealers.
Tho Inland Emp'r ) Realty Co.
have cash buyers for 10,000 grain
and hay laiub Prices must bo
. , ggp ,,,
W. T. Uster
H. L. LliWIS
' Will be glad to furnish
To anjone desiring
See Iits Handsome
DON'T BUY A'GUN
until you havo Boon our New
Double Barrel Models fitted.
Tho mcxlo ot constructing theso
suiicrb Trap and Field Ouns U
fully set forth in our Now Shot
gun Pamphlet, Sond two-cent
.oiiimji lur it.
Ailt you Dulcr
Jnaitt on our male.
ARMS & TOOL CO.
uiutM r jii. Mu.
WTfSV Mi ""